Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: Banco Mundial

O Banco Mundial é uma instituição financeira internacional que fornece empréstimos para países em desenvolvimento em programas de capital.

Página 1 dos resultados de 20269 itens digitais encontrados em 0.005 segundos

The Little Data Book on Gender 2016

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Book; Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
This handy pocket guide is a quick reference for users interested in gender statistics. The book presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 economies in an easy country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation and the Millennium Development Goals. The book’s summary pages cover regional and income group aggregates

MENA Economies Hit by Conflicts, Civil Wars, and Lower Oil Prices

Mottaghi, Lili
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Against the backdrop of a slowing global economy and lower commodity prices, economic growth in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is stagnating. The World Bank 2015 MENA economic monitor report projects overall gross domestic product (GDP) growth to be less than 3 percent for the third year running - about 2.8 percent for 2015. Low oil prices, conflicts, and the global economic slowdown make short-term prospects of recovery unlikely. In a positive scenario of decreasing tensions in Libya, Iraq, and Syria, together with recovery in the Euro area that can boost external demand, growth in the region can rebound to 4.4 percent in 2016 and the following year. However, if current circumstances persist, overall growth is not expected to recover any time soon. Since the 2011 Arab spring, though not necessarily because of it, the MENA region has seen a slowdown in economic growth, an escalation of violence and civil war and, more recently, substantial macroeconomic imbalances from lower oil prices.

Spurring Innovation with Matching Grants; Evidence from Yemen

McKenzie, David; Assaf, Nabila; Cusolito, Ana Paula
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Matching grants are one of the most common tools used in private sector development programs in developing countries and have been included in more than 60 World Bank projects totaling over US$1.2 billion, funding over 100,000 micro, small and medium enterprises. The Enterprise Revitalization and Employment Pilot (EREP) was designed as a two year pilot project aimed at improving firm capabilities and the employability of recent graduates. The matching grant component provided firms with a matching grant of up to $10,000 as a 50 percent subsidy towards the cost of innovation and business services like finance and accounting systems, website creation, training, marketing, participation in exhibitions, and some associated goods. The program implementation was designed with the lessons of other matching grant programs in mind in order to overcome their problems with take-up: eligibility criteria were kept broad; the application form was not complex and could be done either online or in paper; and the program was well-advertised.

Investment Climate in Africa

Bridgman, David; Adamali, Aref
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
The World Bank Group has been working on investment climate reform in Sub-Saharan Africa for nearly a decade, a period characterized by dramatic economic growth on the continent. Establishing links between such reform interventions and economic growth, however, is a complex problem. Although this note finds some connection between investment climate reform and economic growth, establishing more concrete evidence of causation will require greater focus at the country level, as well as on small and medium enterprises. This is where investment climate interventions generate change.

Integrated Logistic Centers; Experience from North America and Options for China

Blancas, Luis C.; Ollivier, Gerald; Bullock, Richard
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
China s shift toward accelerated economic growth in central and western provinces and increasing levels of personal income and consumption are all consistent with the need for rail-enabled Integrated Logistics Centers (ILCs). Yet, while hundreds of logistics clusters have been developed in China over the past few years, modern, international standard rail- and multimodal-transport enabled ILCs are less common. Close, long-term collaboration between public sector authorities and private sector specialized firms, such as real estate developers, have proven effective in the development of North America s focused network of ILCs critical to facilitating transcontinental and other freight itineraries. This model can succeed in China as well. The ready availability of multimodal transport connectivity is the most critical component of any cluster of logistics activities. This note will argue that China could substantially benefit from developing a focused network of well-planned, economically justified, financially viable...

Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Niger

Barroy, Helene; Cortez, Rafael; Karamoko, Djibrilla
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Today’s adolescents and youth face substantial physical, social, and economic barriers to meeting their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) potential. Niger has the highest fertility rate in the region and the world, as well as lowest age for marriage and childbearing. Early marriage and childbearing have been identified as key contributors to high fertility and maternal mortality in the region. To understand how countries are addressing adolescent SRH and rights (SRHR), the World Bank conducted a quantitative and qualitative study in several countries with a high adolescent’s SRH burden including Niger. The specific objectives of the study were to: (i) investigate adolescent’s socio-economic profile; (ii) analyze adolescent’s sexual and reproductive health status and its determinants from a demand and supply-side perspective; (iii) assess effectiveness of existing adolescent friendly initiatives and programs; and (iv) recommend a set of policy options to improve access and use of services for adolescents in Niger. This knowledge brief provides a brief background on adolescent SRH in Niger and summarizes the results of this study.

A Snapshot of Health Equity in Papua New Guinea; An Analysis of the 2010 Household Income and Expenditure Survey

Irava, Wayne; Barker, Katie; Somanathan, Aparnaa; Hou, Xiaohui
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
In Papua New Guinea the poorest quintile is most vulnerable to illness, yet has the lowest utilization rates of healthcare facilities. When looking at age groups the elderly ( 55) are the most vulnerable to illness and the least likely to seek treatment. The lack of healthcare workers and the distance to facilities are among the most dominant reasons cited for not utilizing heath care in the poorest quintile. The perceived quality of services is a barrier to health care utilization across all quintiles. Out-of-pocket (OOP) payments have minimal catastrophic impact, yet have been found to still be a barrier to utilization - especially amongst the poorest quintile. The government should focus on and prioritize strengthening the health services delivery to achieve universal health coverage.

Navigating through Fragility; Procurement Solutions for Iraqi Education

Mosler, Elisa; Ali, Nazaneen Ismail; Lipson, Rachel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
While the Iraqi education system was widely regarded as one of the best in the Middle East and enjoyed near-universal primary enrollment until the 1980s, the next decade marked a serious downturn in results. The sector witnessed low primary and secondary enrollment and attendance, outdated curriculum content, and deteriorating learning outcomes. In order to get children back to school, the government needed large, fast, and quality investments in the education system. 100 million dollars was allocated to the education sector under the World Bank Iraq Trust (ITF), set up jointly by the World Bank Group (WBG) and the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) to administer donor funding for Iraqi reconstruction. This quick note summarizes how innovative approaches to procurement led to exemplary service delivery results in Iraq’s education sector. The focus is on two breakthrough achievements: large-scale textbook printing and delivery, under the emergency textbook provision project and school construction in the newly rehabilitated marshlands of Southern Iraq under the marshlands school construction project.

Urbanization Trends in Bolivia; Tendencias urbanas en Bolivia : oportunidades y desafíos; Opportunities and Challenges

Trohanis, Zoe Elena; Zangerling, Bontje Marie; Sanchez-Reaza, Javier
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
This note is a summary of a report that considers urban areas as the complement to rural areas that will allow the Plurinational State of Bolivia to achieve the goals set forth in its Patriotic Agenda for the Bicentennial 2025. The report uses data available at the national level from censuses and household surveys from the National Statistics Institute (INE) and the Social and Economic Policy Analysis Unit of the Ministry of Development Planning (UDAPE) to provide a first approximation to: (i) identify opportunities that urban areas present to achieve the objectives of the Patriotic Agenda regarding the reduction of poverty and universal coverage of basic services; (ii) understand and overcome the challenges that the expansion of urban areas present, and understand the growth dynamics of different types of cities; (iii) review the institutional framework and planning tools currently available for urban development; and (iv) provide suggestions for future analysis. However, due to limitations of the available data...

Implementing Trade Logistics Reforms in Complex Multi-Country and Regional Settings; The Case of the Western Balkans

Gabrielyan, Gagik; Konar-Leacy, Violane
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Trade facilitation connects economies and provides opportunities for business growth. However, the national agencies involved in trade often have different objectives, lack coordination with peer agencies in other countries because of different national priorities, high workloads, and absence of platforms to consult with each other. Such a divergence of interests is a challenge when the goal is to address, and seek consensus on, trade issues on the regional level, while undertaking capacity building and reform activities at the country level, all with the objective to benefit the private sector. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) Western Balkans trade logistics project faced this challenge. In addition, the project was constrained by limited financial resources, so marrying effectiveness and efficiency was key to achieving results. This smart lesson summarizes lessons learned from the project implementation.

The Path to Universal Health Coverage in Kenya; Repositioning the Role of the National Hospital Insurance Fund

Mwaura, Racheal Njeri; Barasa, Edwin; Ramana, G.N.V.; Coarasa, Jorge; Rogo, Khama
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
The national hospital insurance fund’s (NHIF) mandate by the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Kenya to implement universal health coverage (UHC) generated controversy among stakeholders. Prior allegations of corruption and financial sustainability of the initiative were key concerns. The World Bank Group (WBG), through collaboration between the health in Africa initiative program and the Kenya health sector project, worked with the NHIF on a reform agenda and advised on a strategic review of the organization. The WBG had an extensive dialogue with the NHIF and MOH which led to the approval of an independent strategic review that concluded that, although there had been reputational challenges in the past, NHIF has the capacity to deliver universal health coverage in Kenya.

Output-Based Aid in Mali Rural Electrification Hybrid System Project

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Electrification can be a significant driver for improving livelihoods in rural communities. In rural Mali, where more than 80 percent of the country’s population lives, the electrification rate is only 15 percent. Increasing access to electricity in rural Mali is crucial for economic development, social cohesion, and reconstruction following the country’s recent period of conflict, political instability, and food insecurity. This note discusses an innovative output-based aid (OBA) project in rural Mali, the first such project in the energy sector to support development of mini-grids on a large scale. The project complements an innovative hybrid-system model supported by the International Development Association (IDA) and climate investment funds and scaling up renewable energy in low income countries program (SREP) to expand rural access to modern energy services and increase renewable generation.

Public Transport Service Optimization and System Integration

Fang, Ke; Zimmerman, Samuel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Public transport has the most customer appeal and is most efficient when it is planned and operated as a seamless, integrated system. This is particularly important in urban environments in fast growing economies such as China and India, where public transport must increasingly compete with private vehicles which offer door-to-door, one seat travel irrespective of time of day or day of the week. International experience suggests that public transport planners must recognize two integration dimensions: (a) integration among all modes and routes comprising the multi-modal public transport network, (b) integration of the physical and operational elements or each respective mode and service, e.g., metro or bus. Successful integration in both dimensions will provide a more customer-friendly experience and make public transport more efficient and cost-effective. This will help maximize public transport ridership and revenue, increase customer satisfaction, reduce costs and subsidies and general environmental...

Enabling Customer Empowerment; Choice, Use, and Voice

Koning, Antonique; Cohen, Monique
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
The use of digital channels is changing the way financial services can be delivered to poor people. Growing mobile phone usage and the development of agent networks enable customer access too timely, low-cost digital financial services (DFS) (World Bank 2014). Despite this, active use of DFS is relatively low. In this brief, the author address the inactivity problem faced by many financial service providers (FSPs) and some of the underlying causes related to customers’ experiences. The author explores how empowering customers can help address this issue and the role FSPs can play. This exploratory Brief reflects our hypothesis that customer empowerment, here defined as a process that builds customer trust and confidence through an interactive relationship between providers and their customers, can lead to a win-win for both providers and customers.

Early Insights from Financial Diaries of Smallholder Households; Comprendre les coûts et la viabilité des produits de microfinance conformes à la charia Conclusiones preliminares del proyecto de registros financieros de hogares de pequeños agricultores

Anderson, Jamie; Ahmed, Wajiha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Renato and Hecinta are raising six young children in a rural area of Mozambique’s northern Nampula Province. On just half a hectare, they grow rice, maize, beans, cashew, peanuts, cabbage, and tomatoes, selling what they can and eating the rest. But, like many of the 475 million smallholder household’s worldwide, agricultural production is just one of their many income-generating activities. They balance several sources of income, within and outside of agriculture, while juggling a range of family needs and using an equally diverse portfolio of financial tools. The Smallholder Diaries will provide a holistic picture of the financial lives of smallholder households not only as agricultural producers, but also as consumers, laborers, and off-farm entrepreneurs. The ultimate goal of this research is to translate the insights from the Smallholder Diaries into financial tools and provider practices that more effectively respond to the needs and preferences of this important client group. Drawing on initial data...

Spotlight on International Funders’ Commitments to Financial Inclusion

Lahaye, Estelle; Dashi, Edlira; Dolke, Eda; Soursourian, Matthew
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Although international funders have been longstanding supporters of financial inclusion, their commitments have been put to the test in the past five years. The financial crisis led to a more challenging economic environment and budget cuts at public donor agencies. Results of impact studies made the expectations of microfinance more realistic. Yet, international funding continues to grow. In 2013, international funders committed at least 31 billion dollars to support financial inclusion - an estimated increase of 7 percent on average per year between 2011 and 2013. This brief analyzes trends in the international funding landscape based on consultative group to assist the poor (CGAP) research.

The Need for Speed; Helping the Microfinance Industry Stay Afloat in Times of Crises

Hrkac, Vladimir
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Microfinance has been a lifeline for many low-income people at the base of the pyramid, helping them break the cycle of poverty and improve their lives. Yet the rapid growth of the microfinance industry, combined with limited financial literacy among its customers, made it particularly vulnerable during the 2008-2009 global financial crisis. To expand short-term financing solutions to the microfinance industry following the crisis, to keep credit flowing during a period of unprecedented financial strife, International Finance Corporation (IFC) launched the microfinance enhancement facility, one element of its comprehensive counter-cyclical crisis response package. A timely response was critical, and implementation risks were high. This smart lesson shows how strong cooperation with partners and the decision to develop an outsourced model contributed to the success and reliability of this crisis-response initiative.

Fulfilling the Housing Dreams of Microfinance Clients

Roy, Friedemann; Rao, Shilpa; Bansal, Sachin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Rahees Mohammed and his wife lived in a rented house in a slum and had one wish - to build a house that will be a permanent home for the whole family. Aadhar Housing Finance Private Limited can help Rahees realize his dream by offering a housing finance product that corresponded to his needs, preferences, and capacities. This smart lesson, building on Aadhar’s experience and that of other housing finance clients in South Asia, provides a brief overview of the do’s and don’ts for the implementation of housing finance products.

Breaking Free of the Branch; Designing Alternative Delivery Channel Projects for Microfinance Banks in Africa

Gutin, John
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Brief; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Nearly 80 percent of adults in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have an account with a formal financial institution. Despite recent well-publicized successes in increasing financial inclusion in a small number of African markets, such as Kenya, hundreds of millions of African adults still lack access to affordable financial services. In response to this need, International Finance Corporation (IFC) and The MasterCard Foundation partnered to introduce alternative delivery channels in IFC’s key microfinance partners in Africa. Although the partnership is still at an early stage, this smart lesson distills some general lessons from two of the first alternative delivery channel engagements. These lessons may be useful for other IFC teams in structuring such projects with microfinance clients.

Sudan State-Level Public Expenditure Review; Meeting the Challenges of Poverty Reduction and Basic Service Delivery, Volume 2. Background Papers

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Sudan has the potential to become a dynamic economy and a bread basket for the Arab world and East-Central Africa. However, resource endowment is not sufficient to bring about sustainable growth and prosperity. Sudans macroeconomic conditions remain weak since the secession of South Sudan in 2011, despite some improvements. The repercussions of the secession of South Sudan present enormous challenges for Sudan with respect to managing the macro-fiscal adjustment and promoting a structural re-orientation of the economy. The signing in March 2013 of the implementation matrix of the agreement between Sudan and South Sudan provides some fresh financial relief to Sudan and creates a great opportunity for further policy reforms to address the post-secession challenges. Sudans growth strategy should involve policies aimed at improving the investment climate and broadening private sector-led growth, and diversifying the economy toward non-oil sectors such as agriculture, industry, export, and local trade.