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Hydrophobicity Classification of Polymeric Insulators Based on Embedded Methods

Dong,Zhengcheng; Fang,Yanjun; Wang,Xianpei; Zhao,Yu; Wang,Quande
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 Português
Hydrophobicity is an important parameter to characterize electrical properties of insulated materials. Therefore, it is an urgent task to develop on-line instruments to identify the hydrophobicity of insulated material's surface conveniently, quickly and accurately. For this purpose, a novel evaluation system with image processing and decision tree is proposed which is based on embedded platform. For obtaining satisfactory results, we first propose a mixed image segmentation method to overcome the complex conditions outside, concerning non-controlled illumination, nonstandard surfaces and unfixed shooting angle. Then we adopt four new characteristic parameters to describe the image of each sample. Finally, a classification method based on MultiBoost decision tree is conducted which synthesizes the merits of both AdaBoost and Wagging algorithm. Results indicate the procedures can be applied in the DSP (Digital Signal Processor) platform perfectly and better results can be obtained than those did in our previous study or that of some other research.

Orientação profissional em contexto coletivo: uma experiência em pré-vestibular popular

Soares,Dulce Helena Penna; Krawulski,Edite; Dias,Maria Sara de Lima; D'Avila,Geruza T.
Fonte: Conselho Federal de Psicologia Publicador: Conselho Federal de Psicologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 Português
Este artigo relata uma atividade de orientação profissional (OP) realizada em um cursinho pré-vestibular popular. Os objetivos foram sensibilizar para o processo de escolha do curso superior, favorecer a expressão de sentimentos com relação ao vestibular e ao próprio cursinho e promover a integração dos alunos. Fundamentando-se no psicodrama, a metodologia adotada envolveu debates grupais mediados pela produção de cartazes, a fim de favorecer a livre expressão de sentimentos mobilizados pelo vestibular e pela condição de freqüentadores do referido cursinho. Esses instrumentos permitiram também uma identificação e melhor integração entre os jovens, como também uma tomada de consciência de seus processos de escolha pelo curso universitário. Tal prática permitiu auxiliar esses alunos no reconhecimento das necessidades derivadas daquela condição, fortalecendo-os para o processo de escolha, para o enfrentamento da experiência do vestibular e também para a identificação e formação de vínculos com o grupo do qual faziam parte naquele momento.

Spatial and temporal variation of the phytoplankton community in a section of the Iguaçu River, Paraná, Brazil

Menezes,VC; Bueno,NC; Rodrigues,LC
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 Português
The work aimed to show variations in the composition and structure of the phytoplankton community at high water and low water in Iguaçu Falls, Iguaçu River and to examine the influence of these waterfalls and environmental variables on the community. Phytoplankton samples were taken monthly during a year from two sampling stations in the Iguaçu River. A total of 408 taxa were identified, with Bacillariophyceae being the most strongly represented group. A large differentiation in the composition of the phytoplankton was observed between the sampling stations. The total richness and density of the phytoplankton groups was very low in both sample locations, as well as the Shannon diversity index, but the evenness value was generally high. No significant seasonal and spatial difference in the studied features of the phytoplankton community was seen. But, significant seasonal differences were observed when the density and richness of the algae classes were assessed separately. The heterogeneity of the Iguaçu River's characteristics between the sampling sites caused no significant spatial differentiation in the features of the phytoplankton community. However, the seasonal variation of the climatic conditions has significantly influenced the composition and structure of the community in the Iguaçu River.

Benthic insects of the El Tala River (Catamarca, Argentina): longitudinal variation of their structure and the use of insects to assess water quality

Colla,MF; César,II; Salas,LB
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 Português
The aim of this work was to determine the structure of the benthic entomofauna and its variation along the El Tala River (Catamarca, Argentina). Five sampling stations were established, considering the location of nearby housing with respect to the watercourse. The following variables were determined in situ: altitude, latitude and longitude, bedstream width, river depth, river-current speed, water and air temperatures. Benthic insects were collected with a square parcel sampler of 0.09-m2 area and 300-µm net opening and identified to the family level. Faunal density, richness, and diversity exhibited a longitudinal variation. From sampling Stations 1 (reference site) to 3, the number of orders and families decreased, whereas in sampling Station 4 those values increased and continued to do so through to Station 5 (downstream station). Station 5 showed the highest family richness (17) and the highest value for the Shannon-Wiener index (2.74) and the lowest value in Simpson's Dominance index (D = 0.22). These values could be explained because of the self-cleansing capabilities of the river downstream. The water quality of El Tala River is Class I (very clean and non-impacted), according to the results obtained from the application of the biotic Biological-Monitoring–Working-Party and Average-Store-per-Taxon indices.

Assessment of soft profile characteristics in Amazonian youngsters with normal occlusion

Oliveira Junior,Wilson Maia de
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine from a sample of Amazonian youngsters, with normal occlusion, the mean values for soft profile characteristics using cephalometric radiographs obtained in lateral norm. METHODS: The cephalometric radiographs of the 30 youngsters, being 15 males and 15 females, with mean age of 21.6 years old, were assessed. For statistical analysis, central tendencies and dispersion measurements (mean and standard deviation) were used and, for both the comparison of the mean values of males and females and the correlations between the measurements of the soft profile and bony profile, the unpaired Student's t-test was applied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After obtaining statistical data, parameters were set based on the cephalometric norms regarding the specialized literature, revealing that all variables presented a normal distribution pattern. There was sexual dimorphism for the following measurements: ANB, NAP, ANS-Me, N-ANS, Sn'-Me', and N'-SN'. Norms were determined for all the assessed measurements. Statistical differences were observed between the norm found in the present study and those found in the specialized literature.

Evaluation of transverse changes in the dental arches according to growth pattern: a longitudinal study

Ribeiro,Jucienne Salgado; Ambrosio,Aldrieli Regina; Santos-Pinto,Ary dos; Shimizu,Isabella Almeida; Shimizu,Roberto Hideo
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in intercanine (LICW and UICW) and intermolar (LIMW and UIMW) widths on the dental arches of subjects with normal occlusion and Angle Class I malocclusion during the transition to permanent dentition, and evaluate whether or not facial pattern influences on the normal development of the dentition and occlusion. METHODS: Nineteen Caucasian Brazilian children were selected, with ages ranging from 6 to 8.6 years at T1 and from 10.10 to 14.2 years at T2. Their second records consisted of study dental casts and a lateral cephalometric radiograph. To obtain intermolar and intercanine widths a three-dimensional scanner unit (digitizer MicroScribe 3DX) was used connected to a microcomputer. To analyze changes at T1 and T2 Student's paired t-test was applied, whereas Spearman's correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between measurements obtained at T1 and T2 and the facial pattern, both at 95% level of confidence. RESULTS: The mean values found on each assessment time (T1 and T2) were statistically different (p=0.000 for LICW, p=0.001 for UICW, p=0.000 for UIMW, and p=0.046 for LIMW), regardless of the facial pattern. The anterior dimensions, UICW and LICW, increased by 3.21 mm and 1.52 mm, respectively. And the posterior dimensions...

Vertical growth control during maxillary expansion using a bonded Hyrax appliance

Pinto,Francisco Marcelo Paranhos; Abi-Ramia,Luciana Baptista Pereira; Stuani,Andrea Sasso; Stuani,Maria Bernadete Sasso; Artese,Flavia
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
INTRODUCTION: Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) for the treatment of maxillary deficiency and posterior crossbite may induce changes in the vertical dimension. Expanders with occlusal splints have been developed to minimize unwanted vertical effects. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study used cephalometri radiographs to evaluate the vertical effects of RME using a Hyrax appliance in children with maxillary deficiency. METHOD: Twenty-six patients (11 boys; mean age = 8 years and 5 months) with maxillary deficiency and posterior crossbite were treated using a Hyrax appliance with an acrylic occlusal splint. Radiographs and cephalometric studies were performed before the beginning of the treatment (T1) and after RME active time (T2), at a mean interval of 7 months. Results were compared with normative values. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: At the end of treatment, there were no statistically significant changes, and measurements were similar to the normative values. Data showed that there were no significant effects on vertical growth, which suggests that appliances with occlusal splints may be used to correct transverse deficiencies regardless of the patient's growth pattern.

Orthodontic retainers: analysis of prescriptions sent to laboratories

Assumpção,Washington Komatsu; Ota,George Kenji Bezerra; Ferreira,Rívea Inês; Cotrim-Ferreira,Flávio Augusto
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the most commonly fabricated orthodontic retainers. METHODS: Information on the type and amount of maxillary and mandibular retainers produced in a three-month period was collected from six laboratories in the cities of São Paulo, Mauá and Guarulhos - Brazil. The retainers were grouped according to the total production. For the maxillary arch, the groups were: 1S - Begg retainer, 2S - Hawley retainer, 3S - transpalatal arch retainer, 4S - buccal resin-arch retainer and 5S - vacuum-formed retainer, Planas appliance, bonded lingual retainer and V-loop bonded lingual retainer. The groups relative to the mandibular arch were: 1I - 3-3 bonded lingual retainer (canine to canine), 2I - Hawley retainer and V-loop bonded lingual retainer, 3I - Begg retainer, 4I - buccal resin-arch retainer, vacuum-formed retainer and Planas appliance. The data were presented in box plots. Groups were compared using the Student's-t test with Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: The average of maxillary appliances fabricated ranged from 189.5 (1S) to 3.95 (5S). There were significant differences between groups 1S versus 5S and 2S versus 5S (p < 0.0001). Mean values for the mandibular retainers ranged from 55.3 (1I) to 4.2 (4I). Significant difference was observed between groups 2I and 4I (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: For the maxillary arch...

Dentofacial characteristics of patients with Angle Class I and Class II malocclusions

Santos,Rogério Lacerda dos; Ruellas,Antônio Carlos de Oliveira
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed some cephalometric measurements of the soft tissue profile in order to observe the behavior of facial convexity in patients with Class I, Class II division 1, and Class II division 2 malocclusions. METHODS: One hundred and thirty pre-treatment teleradiographs of Caucasian patients aged 10-16 years (mean age of 12.6 years) were selected for study and divided into 3 groups. The cephalometric measurements used in the present study were the following: H.SN, Cx, NLA, MLA, UL-SUL-S, LL-S, IMPA, and 1-SN. Analysis of variance and Tukey's test were applied for measurements H.SN, Cx, IMPA, 1-SN, MLA, and NLA, whereas Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests were applied for UL-S and LL-S. RESULTS: The results showed statistically significant differences for the measurements H.SN, Cx, UL-S, and IMPA between Groups I, II-1 and II-2 (p < 0.05). Measurements LL-S and MLA showed statistically significant difference between Groups I and II-1 only (p < 0.05). On the other hand, no statistically significant differences were found for measurement NLA among the 3 groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regarding facial characteristics expressed by measurements H.SN, Cx, and UL-S, one could conclude that Class II division 1 and Class II division 2 malocclusions...

Early cephalometric characteristics in Class III malocclusion

Farias,Vanessa Costa; Tesch,Ricardo de Souza; Denardin,Odilon Victor Porto; Ursi,Weber
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: Early identification of craniofacial morphological characteristics allows orthopedic segmented interventions to attenuate dentoskeletal discrepancies, which may be partially disguised by natural dental compensation. To investigate the morphological characteristics of Brazilian children with Class III malocclusion, in stages I and II of cervical vertebrae maturation and compare them with the characteristics of Class I control patients. METHODS: Pre-orthodontic treatment records of 20 patients with Class III malocclusion and 20 control Class I patients, matched by the same skeletal maturity index and sex, were selected. The craniofacial structures and their relationships were divided into different categories for analysis. Angular and linear measures were adopted from the analyses previously described by Downs, Jarabak, Jacobson and McNamara. The differences found between the groups of Class III patients and Class I control group, both subdivided according to the stage of cervical vertebrae maturation (I or II), were assessed by analysis of variance (ANOVA), complemented by Bonferroni's multiple mean comparisons test. RESULTS: The analysis of variance showed statistically significant differences in the different studied groups...

Rebonding of unused brackets with different orthodontic adhesives

Jimenez,Emigdio Enrique Orellana; Hilgenberg,Sérgio Paulo; Rastelli,Márcia Cristina; Pilatti,Gibson Luiz; Orellana,Bruno; Coelho,Ulisses
Fonte: Dental Press International Publicador: Dental Press International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
OBJECTIVE: To compare in vitro shear bond strength (SBS) of different orthodontic adhesives in bonding and repeatedly rebonding metal brackets, and to evaluate the bond failure site with the adhesive remnant index (ARI). METHODS: Specimens consisted of 90 extracted human first premolars, randomly divided into three groups (n=30). The adhesives Alpha Plast (AP), ConciseTM (CO) and TransbondTM XT (TB) were used in each group. Three SBS tests were performed, i.e., one at T0 (initial) and the other two at T1 and T2 (first and second rebondings, respectively), observing a 24-hour interval. The tests were performed in a Shimadzu AG-I (10kN) SBS testing machine, at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. RESULTS: SBS data were subjected to ANOVA, Tukey's test and Bonferroni test (p<0.05). For the ARI, the Kruskal Wallis test was performed, followed by the Dunn test. The results revealed that at T0 groups AP and CO showed SBS values that were near, but above TB values; and at T1 and T2, the highest SBS values were observed for the AP group, followed by the CO and TB groups. CONCLUSION: Statistically significant differences were found in SBS between groups AP, CO and TB during bonding and repeated rebondings of unused metal brackets, with group AP achieving the highest SBS value. Regarding ARI...

Acetilação da fibra de bucha (Luffa cylindrica)

d'Almeida,Ana L. F. S.; Calado,Verônica; Barreto,Daniel W.; d'Almeida,José R. M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Polímeros
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2005 Português
Neste trabalho, foi analisado o efeito de um tratamento químico, ou seja, de acetilação de grupos, sobre a estrutura e a morfologia superficial de fibras de bucha (Luffa cylindrica) por meio de FTIR e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Esse tratamento foi realizado tendo por objetivo aumentar a compatibilidade da bucha com as matrizes poliméricas usualmente empregadas em compósitos. Mostrou-se que o tratamento reduziu a polaridade das moléculas de celulose e removeu a camada superficial das fibras de bucha, expondo a sua estrutura fibrilar interna, com conseqüente aumento da área disponível para a adesão.

Investigation of the influence of design details on short implant biomechanics using colorimetric photoelastic analysis: a pilot study

Zielak,João César; Archetti,Felipe Belmonte; Scotton,Ricardo; Filietaz,Marcelo; Storrer,Carmen Lucia Mueller; Giovanini,Allan Fernando; Deliberador,Tatiana Miranda
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: The clinical survival of a dental implant is directly related to its biomechanical behavior. Since short implants present lower bone/implant contact area, their design may be more critical to stress distribution to surrounding tissues. Photoelastic analysis is a biomechanical method that uses either simple qualitative results or complex calculations for the acquisition of quantitative data. In order to simplify data acquisition, we performed a pilot study to demonstrate the investigation of biomechanics via correlation of the findings of colorimetric photoelastic analysis (stress transition areas; STAs) of design details between two types of short dental implants under axial loads. Methods Implants were embedded in a soft photoelastic resin and axially loaded with 10 and 20 N of force. Implant design features were correlated with the STAs (mm2) of the colored fringes of colorimetric photoelastic analysis. Results Under a 10 N load, the surface area of the implants was directly related to STA, whereas under a 20 N load, the surface area and thread height were inversely related to STA. Conclusion A smaller external thread height seemed to improve the biomechanical performance of the short implants investigated.

A bilinear elastic constitutive model applied for midpalatal suture behavior during rapid maxillary expansion

Serpe,Larissa Carvalho Trojan; Las Casas,Estevam Barbosa de; Toyofuku,Ana Cláudia Moreira Melo; González-Torres,Libardo Andrés
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the influence of the biomechanical behavior of the midpalatal suture (MPS) during the rapid maxillary expansion (RME) when modeled by the Finite Element Method. Methods Four simulation alternatives are discussed and, for each analysis, the suture is considered as a functional unit with a different mechanical behavior: (i) without MPS elements, (ii) MPS with Young's modulus (E) equal to 1 MPa, (ii) MPS with E equal to 0.01 MPa and (iv) MPS with bilinear elastic behavior. Results The stress analysis showed that, when MPS is not considered in the model, stress peaks are reduced in magnitude and their distribution is restricted to a smaller area when compared to the model with the inclusion of MPS (E=1 MPa). The increased suture stiffness also has a direct influence on MPS displacements after 30 expander activations. Conclusion The consideration of the MPS in RME computer models influences greatly the calculated displacements between the suture bone ends, even as the stress levels in maxillary structures. Furthermore, as proposed for the described model, the elastic bilinear behavior assigned to MPS allows coherent prediction of stresses and displacements results, being a good representation for this suture overall behavior.

Detection of movement intention using EEG in a human-robot interaction environment

Lana,Ernesto Pablo; Adorno,Bruno Vilhena; Tierra-Criollo,Carlos Julio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: This paper presents a detection method for upper limb movement intention as part of a brain-machine interface using EEG signals, whose final goal is to assist disabled or vulnerable people with activities of daily living. Methods EEG signals were recorded from six naïve healthy volunteers while performing a motor task. Every volunteer remained in an acoustically isolated recording room. The robot was placed in front of the volunteers such that it seemed to be a mirror of their right arm, emulating a Brain Machine Interface environment. The volunteers were seated in an armchair throughout the experiment, outside the reaching area of the robot to guarantee safety. Three conditions are studied: observation, execution, and imagery of right arm’s flexion and extension movements paced by an anthropomorphic manipulator robot. The detector of movement intention uses the spectral F test for discrimination of conditions and uses as feature the desynchronization patterns found on the volunteers. Using a detector provides an objective method to acknowledge for the occurrence of movement intention. Results When using four realizations of the task, detection rates ranging from 53 to 97% were found in five of the volunteers when the movement was executed...

Numeric reconstruction of 2D cellular actomyosin network from substrate displacement

Nishitani,Wagner Shin; Carbonari,Ronny Calixto; Alencar,Adriano Mesquita
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: One of the fundamental structural elements of the cell is the cytoskeleton. Along with myosin, actin microfilaments are responsible for cellular contractions, and their organization may be related to pathological changes in myocardial tissue. Due to the complexity of factors involved, numerical modeling of the cytoskeleton has the potential to contribute to a better understanding of mechanical cues in cellular activities. In this work, a systematic method was developed for the reconstruction of an actomyosin topology based on the displacement exerted by the cell on a flexible substrate. It is an inverse problem which could be considered a phenomenological approach to traction force microscopy (TFM). Methods An actomyosin distribution was found with a topology optimization method (TOM), varying the material density and angle of contraction of each element of the actomyosin domain. The routine was implemented with a linear material model for the bidimensional actomyosin elements and tridimensional substrate. The topology generated minimizes the nodal displacement squared differences between the generated topology and experimental displacement fields obtained by TFM. The structure resulting from TOM was compared to the actin structures observed experimentally with a GFP-attached actin marker. Results The optimized topology reproduced the main features of the experimental actin and its squared displacement differences were 11.24 µm2...

Morphological and mechanical characterization of chitosan-calcium phosphate composites for potential application as bone-graft substitutes

van de Graaf,Guilherme Maia Mulder; De Zoppa,Andre Luis do Valle; Moreira,Rodrigo Crispim; Maestrelli,Sylma Carvalho; Marques,Rodrigo Fernando Costa; Campos,Maria Gabriela Nogueira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: Bone diseases, aging and traumas can cause bone loss and lead to bone defects. Treatment of bone defects is challenging, requiring chirurgical procedures. Bone grafts are widely used for bone replacement, but they are limited and expensive. Due to bone graft limitations, natural, semi-synthetic, synthetic and composite materials have been studied as potential bone-graft substitutes. Desirable characteristics of bone-graft substitutes are high osteoinductive and angiogenic potentials, biological safety, biodegradability, bone-like mechanical properties, and reasonable cost. Herein, we prepared and characterized potential bone-graft substitutes composed of calcium phosphate (CP) - a component of natural bone, and chitosan (CS) - a biocompatible biopolymer. Methods CP-CS composites were synthetized, molded, dried and characterized. The effect of drying temperatures (38 and 60 °C) on the morphology, porosity and chemical composition of the composites was evaluated. As well, the effects of drying temperature and period of drying (3, 24, 48 and 72 hours) on the mechanical properties - compressive strength, modulus of elasticity and relative deformation-of the demolded samples were investigated. Results Scanning electron microscopy and gas adsorption-desorption analyses of the CS-CP composites showed interconnected pores...

The influence of subcutaneous fat in the skin temperature variation rate during exercise

Neves,Eduardo Borba; Moreira,Tiago Rafael; Lemos,Rui Jorge; Vilaça-Alves,José; Rosa,Claudio; Reis,Victor Machado
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction: Thermography records the skin temperature, which can be influenced by: muscle mass and subcutaneous fat layer. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of subcutaneous fat layer in the skin temperature variation rate, during exercise. Methods This is a short-longitudinal study that involved 17 healthy male trained volunteers. Volunteers were divided in two groups. The first called GP1 with nine volunteers (biceps brachii skinfold thickness < 4 mm) and the second called GP2 with eight volunteers (biceps brachii skinfold thickness from 4 to 8 mm). Both groups performed three sets with 16 repetitions of unilateral biceps brachii bi-set exercise with dominant arm (eight repetitions of biceps curls and another eight of biceps hammer curls, with dumbbells), and with load of 70% of 1RM. The rest time between sets was 90s. Results The skin temperature variation rate (variation of temperature / time) was 3.59 × 10-3 ± 1.47 × 10-3 °C/s for GP1 and 0.66 × 10-3 ± 4.83 × 10-3 °C/s for GP2 (p = 0.138) considering all moments. For the period after set 1 until the end of set 3, skin temperature variation rate was 5.11 × 10-3 ± 2.57 × 10-3 °C/s for GP1 and 1.88 × 10-3 ± 3.60 × 10-3 °C/s for GP2 (p = 0.048). Subcutaneous fat layer also influences the skin temperature at resting (p = 0.044). Conclusion Subjects with lower subcutaneous fat layer have a higher skin temperature variation rate during exercise than those with higher subcutaneous fat layer.

Application of post-discharge region of atmospheric pressure argon and air plasma jet in the contamination control of Candida albicans biofilms

Doria,Anelise Cristina Osório Cesar; Sorge,Camila Di Paula Costa; Santos,Thaisa Baesso; Brandão,Jhonatan; Gonçalves,Polyana Alves Radi; Maciel,Homero Santiago; Khouri,Sônia; Pessoa,Rodrigo Sávio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Introduction:Candida species are responsible for about 80% of hospital fungal infections. Non-thermal plasmas operated at atmospheric pressure are increasingly used as an alternative to existing antimicrobial strategy. This work investigates the action of post-discharge region of a non-thermal atmospheric plasma jet, generated by a gliding arc reactor, on biofilms of standard strain of Candida albicans grown on polyurethane substrate. Methods Samples were divided into three groups: (i) non-treated; (ii) treated with argon plasma, and (iii) treated with argon plus air plasma. Subsequently to plasma treatment, counting of colony-forming units (CFU/ml) and cell viability tests were performed. In addition, the surface morphology of the samples was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical profilometry (OP). Results Reduction in CFU/ml of 85% and 88.1% were observed in groups ii and iii, respectively. Cell viability after treatment also showed reduction of 33% in group ii and 8% in group iii, in comparison with group i (100%). The SEM images allow observation of the effect of plasma chemistry on biofilm structure, and OP images showed a reduction of its surface roughness, which suggests a possible loss of biofilm mass. Conclusion The treatment in post-discharge region and the chemistries of plasma jet tested in this work were effective in controlling Candida albicans biofilm contamination. Finally...

Parameter estimation of an artificial respiratory system under mechanical ventilation following a noisy regime

Victor Júnior,Marcus Henrique; Forgiarini Junior,Luiz Alberto; Kinjo,Toru Miyagi; Amato,Marcelo Britto Passos; Yoneyama,Takashi; Tanaka,Harki
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Abstract Introduction: This work concerns the assessment of a novel system for mechanical ventilation and a parameter estimation method in a bench test. The tested system was based on a commercial mechanical ventilator and a personal computer. A computational routine was developed do drive the mechanical ventilator and a parameter estimation method was utilized to estimate positive end-expiratory pressure, resistance and compliance of the artificial respiratory system. Methods The computational routine was responsible for establishing connections between devices and controlling them. Parameters such as tidal volume, respiratory rate and others can be set for standard and noisy ventilation regimes. Ventilation tests were performed directly varying parameters in the system. Readings from a calibrated measuring device were the basis for analysis. Adopting a first-order linear model, the parameters could be estimated and the outcomes statistically analysed. Results Data acquisition was effective in terms of sample frequency and low noise content. After filtering, cycle detection and estimation took place. Statistics of median, mean and standard deviation were calculated, showing consistent matching with adjusted values. Changes in positive end-expiratory pressure statistically imply changes in compliance...