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Philippines : Country Procurement Assessment Report, Second Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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The Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) Second Update report was prepared in November 2004. This report is a follow-up of the original CPAR, which was part of the Public Expenditures, Procurement and Financial Management Review, and the CPAR Update which was published in February 2004. The original CPAR was prepared in June 2002 and published in March 2003. The paper includes the following headings: foreword; introduction; big achievements so far; assessment of progress; consolidated agreed actions; procurement under Foreign Assisted Projects (FAPs); and funding requirement for agreed actions.

Strengthening Governance through Engaged Societies : Lessons from the Implementation of Poverty Reduction Strategies

Barbone, Luca; Sharkey, Katrina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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In December 1999, the Boards of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund approved a new approach to their relations with low-income countries. The approach was centered around the development and implementation of Poverty Reduction Strategies (PRS), which are intended to be country-driven and medium- to long-term in perspective, comprehensive and results-oriented, partnership-oriented, and built on broad-based participation. Against this tall order of business, experience to date has been varied, and much debate is ongoing on whether the approach can be considered more than "old wine in new bottles." This paper-based on the results of a thorough review of the five-year implementation experience-examines the implementation of the PRS approach from the point of view of participation and accountability. For some 50 countries adopting the approach since 1999, it discusses the factors which can facilitate the development of accountability and participatory governance mechanisms. Lessons learned from distinct country circumstances are analyzed, arguing that ownership of the PRS depends on the way countries and their external donor partners handle real tensions in the relationship between country ownership on the one hand, and perceptions of internationally-driven prescriptions on the other. The central message of the paper is that in several countries the PRS initiative has helped open up societies to forms of dialogue and contestability not previously experienced in-country or observed by external partners. This positive outcome...

Measuring and Reducing the Impact of Corruption in Infrastructure

Kenny, Charles
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper examines what we can say about the extent and impact of corruption in infrastructure in developing countries using existing evidence. It looks at different approaches to estimating the extent of corruption and reports on the results of such studies. It suggests that there is considerable evidence that most existing perceptions measures appear to be very weak proxies for the actual extent of corruption in the infrastructure sector, largely (but inaccurately) measuring petty rather than grand corruption. Existing survey evidence is more reliable, but limited in extent and still subject to sufficient uncertainty that it should not be used as a tool for differentiating countries in terms of access to infrastructure finance or appropriate policy models. The paper discusses evidence for the relative costs of corruption impacts and suggests that a focus on bribe payments as the indicator of the costs of corruption in infrastructure may be misplaced. It draws some conclusions regarding priorities for infrastructure anti-corruption research and activities in projects, in particular regarding disaggregated and actionable indicators of weak governance and corruption.

Capacity Development in the World Bank Group : A Review of Nonlending Approaches

Constantinou, Nansia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This work on a review of non-lending approaches, which for the purposes of this brief is defined broadly as activities that have a stated goal of improving individual, organizational and broader institutional capacities in a country, is spread widely throughout the Bank. It includes specific, well-defined Bank products, such as non-lending technical assistance, training, some economic and sector work, as well as some research and other knowledge-sharing activities that the Bank facilitates for its partner countries. World Bank units directly carry out much of this work.

Monitoring and Evaluation for Results : Lessons from Uganda

Hauge, Arild O.; Mackay, Keith
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Recent experience with monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in Uganda has shown how M&E can be developed to contribute to national capacity building, rather than become a demanding, but unproductive data collection exercise. Symptoms of M&E overload have been addressed by assigning coordination responsibility to the Office of the Prime Minister. Prospects are now improving for aligning M&E capacity with strengthening cost-effectiveness and achievement of value for money in service delivery.

Monitoring and Evaluation for Results : Lessons from Uganda

Hauge, Arild O.; Mackay, Keith
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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16.45%
Recent experience with monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in Uganda has shown how M&E can be developed to contribute to national capacity building, rather than become a demanding, but unproductive data collection exercise. Symptoms of M&E overload have been addressed by assigning coordination responsibility to the Office of the Prime Minister. Prospects are now improving for aligning M&E capacity with strengthening cost-effectiveness and achievement of value for money in service delivery.

Strengthening Transparency and Accountability through Access to Information

Bellver, Ana; Mendiburu, Marcos; Poli, Maria
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Providing citizens with open access to information is a cornerstone of good governance. Transparency is essential to allow citizens and markets to hold institutions accountable for their policies and performance, to foster trust in government and minimize corruption. In the Latin America and the Caribbean region several countries have adopted Freedom of Information laws and a few more are currently considering them. This movement provides a unique opportunity to strengthen accountability relationships in the region. The World Bank is providing ongoing support to Access to Information (ATI) implementation through different instruments. In the Dominican Republic legislation was adopted and draft legislation to establish a regulatory body has been submitted to Congress. Finally, with Bank support for institutional development, the Honduran Congress adopted ATI legislation in late 2006 and appointed Access to Information Commissioners in 2007. As new oversight institutions are created and ATI legislation gets passed in America and Caribbean (LAC) it will be crucial for the Bank to provide assistance and build the capacity of the new Commissions. The importance of the Commissions and of ATI to the larger goals of the governance and anti-corruption agenda reinforce the need for the Bank to remain actively engaged with this community and continue its convening and knowledge brokering role.

Assessing Country Readiness for Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation to Support Results Informed Budgeting

Kusek, Jody Zall
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This brief provides an overview of the role of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in informing budgetary decisions and presents one tool: the readiness assessment - that can help determine the M&E capacity and demand present in a country. Case studies on the use of this assessment are included from Egypt, Romania, and a country in East Asia. This assessment tool focuses on collecting baseline information on how well positioned a government is to design, build and sustain a results-based M&E system. It is divided into three sections: incentives; roles and responsibilities; and capacity building. There are 40 questions in the instrument that cluster into eight areas. These questions identify issues at the national, sub-national, or sector-wide levels of government, rather than at the program or project level. The readiness assessment tool seeks to assist individual governments, the donor community, and their multiple development partners also involved in public sector reform to systematically address the requisites (present or not) for a results-based M&E system. With the information garnered from this effort...

Use of Social Accountability Tools and Information Technologies in Monitoring and Evaluation

Sharma, Rajiv
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This note attempts to cover the basic concepts relating to the use of social accountability and information technology to monitor and evaluate public services and other governance processes that affect citizens. With the help of simple though practical examples that use these concepts, the note explains how to bring a qualitative change in monitoring and evaluation by making the whole process more citizen centered and outcome oriented. In turn, these practices can help improve the quality of service delivery. The note also covers a few country-specific initiatives from India to support the related arguments.

Implementing Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys for Results : Lessons from a Decade of Global Experience

Gurkan, Asli; Kaiser, Kai; Voorbraak, Doris
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS) can serve as a powerful tool to inform prevailing public financial management (PFM) practices and the extent to which government budgets link to execution and desired service delivery objectives and beneficiaries. Since the first PETS in Uganda in 1996, tracking exercises have now been conducted in over two dozen other countries, often as part of core analytical and advisory work related to PFM. This note synthesizes the findings and lessons from a number of recent PETS stocktaking exercises and indicates their potential benefits for enriching PFM and sectoral policy dialogues in a variety of country settings. Key findings include: (i) PETS have proven to be useful as part of a broader policy strategy aimed at improving service delivery results; (ii) PETS has become a brand name for very different instruments, but at its core there is a survey methodology that requires skilled technical expertise and a solid knowledge of budget execution processes; (iii) policy impact in a variety of PETS experiences could be further strengthened by stronger country ownership and effective follow-up; and (iv) the Bank could enhance PETS results through strategic partnering...

Fostering Trust and Transparency Through Information Systems

Thurston, Anne
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Effective records management is a crosscutting issue. Initiatives aimed at enhancing economic performance, increasing government accountability, and strengthening civil society-such as anticorruption efforts, administrative and civil service reform, decentralization, electronic government, legal and judicial reform, public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and access to information-all rely on access to accurate evidence.

Reducing Corruption : Lessons from Venezuela

Gonzalez de Asis, Maria
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Providing information to the public is an essential but insufficient step in making local government more transparent. A participatory process is also needed, both to ensure accountability and to reinforce healthy relationships between people and government. Empirical data linked to a participatory program for institutional reform are key for eliciting broad interest in administrative organization--enabling citizens to improve municipal management. A recent World Bank program in Campo Elias, Venezuela, used an innovative and effective approach to build participatory institutional frameworks and to apply best practices in public policymaking. As a result corruption has fallen and services are delivered more efficiently. The program, which ran from April 1998 to December 1999, involved the World Bank Institute, the municipal government, and civil society. The experience shows the powerful benefits that come when local political will, technical capacity to execute reforms, and strong partnership with civil society are mixed to enhance efficiency...

Republic of Sierra Leone : Assessment of National Public Procurement System Based on OECD/DAC Benchmarking Tool

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Sierra Leone is a post conflict country with a population of 6 million in an area of 71,740 square kilometers. Since the end of hostilities in 2002, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Department for International Development UK (DFID), the European Union (EU), and the World Bank (WB) have played significant roles in supporting the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) to rebuild the country for a brighter future. With the demobilization process complete and significant progress in terms of reconstruction, rehabilitation, humanitarian relief and the reestablishment of public service delivery, the GoSL has been focusing reforming and strengthening its governance systems. This report takes stock of the progress for reforms in the procurement system since 2004 and sets out the next steps to ensure continued progress towards establishing a modern and efficient and accountable public procurement system. This CPAR is divided into various sections which cover country context...

Bangladesh - Civic Engagement in Procurement Reform : Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This policy note has two objectives in the context of Bangladesh: (i) identify possible modalities for increasing social awareness among the general public to demand best value for money in the use of public funds and, through this, for promoting a general acceptance of social accountability as a legitimate form of engagement between the public sector, the citizenry, and the private sector; and (ii) provide guidance on (a) how to engage government officials and the contracting community in adopting a culture shift towards more transparent practices and (b) how to communicate to the public the importance and benefits of adopting behavior well suited in facilitating greater efficiency and effectiveness of public procurement. Both these objectives can contribute to the emergence/ engagement of highly visible and vocal civil society organizations in the monitoring of procurement process as well as outcomes, particularly those interest in fighting corruption. This policy note discusses the need to induce as well as propose a possible approach to stimulating behavioral change among all stakeholders to the public procurement system in Bangladesh (government...

Feedback Matters : Designing Effective Grievance Redress Mechanisms for Bank-Financed Projects, Part 1. The Theory of Grievance Redress

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This note aims to provide project teams with a better understanding of grievance redress mechanisms (GRMs) so that they can help borrowers design GRMs that effectively collect and respond to stakeholders inquiries, suggestions, concerns, and complaints. Grievance redress systems can be designed to function at the project, sector, and country levels; this note focuses primarily on the project level. The GRM framework presented here is equally applicable to both basic grievance redress systems and those that are oriented to advanced information technology.

Base Line Study : Transparency in the Public Construction Sector in Guatemala

Multi-Stakeholder Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This study examined the level of transparency in the public construction sector in Guatemala to create a benchmark for the implementation of the CoST (Construction Sector Transparency) Initiative in the country. It was based on an analysis of the disclosure of 31 indicators of Material Project Information (MPI), as defined by the CoST Initiative. The study showed that disclosure of Material Project Information in Guatemala is supported significantly by the national legal framework. The law mandates online disclosure of almost 87 percent of the MPI required by the CoST Initiative. This is the highest percentage among countries participating in the CoST Initiative to-date. Yet, an analysis of 16 projects selected randomly in seven Procurement Entities (PEs) - four at the central level and three at the local level - revealed that actual information disclosure only amounts, on average, to 38 percent of the MPI required by law. This represents 34 percent of the MPI required by the CoST Initiative. Procurement Entities (PEs) at the central government level disclose on average 40 percent of the MPI required by the law online in the GUATECOMPRAS (Contracting System of the State of Guatemala) system; PEs at the local level disclose 35 percent. In the project cycle...

Anti-money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism : Pakistan

World Bank
Fonte: Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering and World Bank Publicador: Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering and World Bank
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This assessment of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regime of Pakistan is based on the Forty Recommendations 2003 and the Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing 2001 of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), and was prepared using the AML/CFT assessment Methodology 2004, as updated in February 2008. The assessors reviewed the institutional framework, the relevant AML/CFT laws, regulations, guidelines and other requirements, and the regulatory and other systems in place to deter and punish money laundering (ML) and the financing of terrorism (FT) through financial institutions and Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBP). The assessors also examined the capacity, implementation, and effectiveness of all these systems. This report provides a summary of the AML/CFT measures in place in Pakistan at the time of the mission or shortly thereafter (no later than March 26th, 2009). It describes and analyzes those measures, sets out Pakistan levels of compliance with the FATF 40+9 Recommendations...

Arab Republic of Egypt : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combatting the Financing of Terrorism

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This assessment of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regime of the Arab Republic of Egypt (Egypt) is based on the Forty Recommendations 2003 and the Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing 2001 of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), andwas prepared using the AML/CFT assessment Methodology 2004, as updated in February 2008. The assessment team considered all the materials supplied by the authorities, the information obtained on site during their mission from 12 to 26 October 2008, and other verifiable information subsequently provided by the authorities. During the mission, the assessment team met with officials and representatives of all relevant government agencies and the private sector. A list of the bodies met is set out in Annex 1 to the detailed assessment report. The assessment was conducted by a team of assessors composed of staff of the World Bank and two experts acting under the supervision of the World Bank. The evaluation team consisted of: Latifah Merican Cheong (Team leader); Cedric Mousset (co-team leader and financial expert)...

Improving the Delivery of Health Services : A Guide to Choosing Strategies

Berman, Peter; Pallas, Sarah; Smith, Amy L.; Curry, Leslie; Bradley, Elizabeth H.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Sufficient funding and efficacious technology may be necessary conditions for achieving health gains, but experience in many countries confirms that they are not sufficient. Effective and efficient service delivery is the point at which the potential of the health system to improve lives meets the opportunity to realize health gains. Health service delivery performance means access and use by those in need; adequate quality of care to produce health benefits; efficient use of scarce resources; and organizations that can learn, adapt, and improve for the future. All too often, potential benefits are not realized because service delivery underperforms. Organizations must combine financial, physical, and human resources to deliver health services. However, organizations can be complex, and this complexity must be considered in developing strategies for change. This guide will help planners and policy makers navigate the complexity and make better decisions to improve health services. Users of this Guide will find practical advice about what performance means in service delivery as well as how to measure the performance of service delivery organizations. The Guide discusses reforms to service delivery organizations at the system level and at the individual facility level. It emphasizes the internal workings of the organization as well as the external environment in which an organization functions...

Paths Out of Poverty : The Role of Private Enterprise in Developing Countries

International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Following on the work of previous, recent publications - Voices of the Poor, and the World Development Report 2000/01 - this report provides missing mechanisms by which people, and countries emerge from poverty, arguing that income, results to the extent that democracy, opportunity, and other positive factors encourage the productive units in the economy, i.e., private enterprises. It focuses on the sources of economic, and social mobility that lift people out of poverty: competition, deregulation, liberalization, and open trade, forces that weaken the nexus of privilege, that perpetuate poverty in many countries. Private enterprise as an engine of upward mobility, requires the proper support from the state, though extreme views - both the Marxist view of capitalist firms, and the extreme neoclassical model of a level playing field that makes lobbying ineffective - are clearly off base. Rather, the report reviews doing business and reducing poverty, based on the rule of law, and the establishment of sound economic policies. As well...