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Evaluation and Poverty Reduction : Proceedings from a World Bank Conference

Feinstein, Osvaldo; Picciotto, Robert
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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The report covers the proceedings of the World Bank Conference on Evaluation and Development, which provided the opportunity for debate, and discussion on lessons learned from evaluations of poverty reduction programs, to partnerships, and participation in evaluation. It presents the addresses of the plenary sessions, papers, and excerpts, on the Conference topics, which included the role of targeted poverty reduction policies, and programs, the design of social funds, safety nets, and ways to include civil society, and private participation towards effective development. Evaluation methodologies figured prominently in the conference discussions, focusing on measuring development impact, with special emphasis on factoring in externalities, and in evaluation design. The lessons learned, question poverty reduction strategies, describing instead the success in making development interventions context-specific, in taking a holistic view, and in broadening the poverty concept. Institutional change is addressed in the context of social capital...

Natural Resources and Violent Conflict : Options and Actions

Bannon, Ian; Collier, Paul
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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Recent research undertaken by the Bank and others, suggest that developing countries face substantially higher risks of violent conflict, and poor governance if highly dependent on primary commodities. Revenues from the legal, or illegal exploitation of natural resources have financed devastating conflicts in large numbers of countries across regions. When a conflict erupts, it not only sweeps away decades of painstaking development efforts, but creates costs and consequences-economic, social, political, regional-that live on for decades. The outbreak of violent domestic conflict amounts to a spectacular failure of development-in essence, development in reverse. Even where countries initially manage to avoid violent conflict, large rents from natural resources can weaken state structures, and make governments less accountable, often leading to the emergence of secessionist rebellions, and all-out civil war. Although natural resources are never the sole source of conflict, and do not make conflict inevitable...

Global Monitoring Report 2004 : Policies and Actions for Achieving the Millennium Development Goals and Related Outcomes

World Bank; International Monetary Fund
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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The turn of the century was marked by some significant and promising events for world development. The Millennium Declaration - signed by 189 countries in September 2000 - led to the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals, which set clear targets for eradicating poverty and other sources of human deprivation. Following other major international meetings came broad agreement on the goals and strategies to achieve them. The task now is implementation - to translate vision into action. Drawing attention to priorities for action and related accountabilities, this Report provides an integrated assessment of the policies and actions needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Produced in cooperation with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other international partners, the Report assesses how the various parties-developing countries, developed countries, and international financial institutions-are playing their part under the agreed development partnership and highlights progress on the development policy agenda.

Philippines - Development Policy Review : An Opportunity for Renewed Poverty Reduction

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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The Philippines regained a modest growth rate of 3.5 percent per annum for 1999-2001, but has not yet managed to reduce the incidence of poverty from its 1996 level. The Medium Term Philippine Development (MTPDP) growth targets of over 5 percent per year are attainable, but only if the key building blocks for sustained growth - an environment conducive to increased investment and productivity within both private and public sectors - are firmly in place. And it must complement this higher growth with increased equity to achieve the desired rapid reduction in poverty. The report identifies priority issues in five critical areas: 1) continue to strengthen fiscal management; 2) improve governance and public sector functioning; 3) strengthen private sector development; 4) strengthen and deepen the financial sector; 5) empower and protect the poor. None of these five areas is sufficient by itself to achieve the desired growth with equity. But they are each necessary and together they form an integrated set of initiatives.

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This first national assessment of public procurement in Yugoslavia examines all areas of public procurement operations, including the legislative framework, the performance of regulatory functions, the enforcement regime, the capacity of public sector institutions to conduct procurement and the effects of corruption on procurement. The assessment, which was conducted jointly by the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), was carried out in consultation with counterparts from Federal Ministry of Finance, Federal Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, the Ministry of Finance and Economy of the Republic of Serbia, and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Montenegro. The report sums up key findings, including risk assessment, the strengths and weaknesses of the public procurement system currently in place, and the main features of a proposed action plan.

MENA and Public Consultations

Bteddini, Lida
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The integration of consultation mechanisms throughout the policymaking process has proved to be a valuable instrument to help strengthen government-citizen interaction and improve the quality of government policies on key development areas by leading to better designed development projects, more effective service delivery, and improvements in the targeting of benefits. By making preliminary policy analysis available for public scrutiny, stakeholders are provided with a means to inform the development of a policy or its implementation. Consultation also helps regulators to balance opposing interests and to identify unintended effects while ensuring transparency to minimize administrative burdens and reduce corruption and rent-seeking. When successful, public participation can have a transformative impact by providing citizens with a platform for active engagement in the development process, and allows citizens to hold governments to account and to better influence decisions that affect their lives. While the benefits of public consultation are widely recognized...

The World Bank Legal Review, Volume 5 : Fostering Development through Opportunity, Inclusion, and Equity

Cissé, Hassane; Menon, N. R. Madhava; Cordonier Segger, Marie-Claire; Nmehielle, Vincent O.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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This report speaks to the holistic nature of the development process, a process that should not only encourage all stakeholders to participate in the process but also directly engage them. This volume posits that such participation must be guided by the law and accord with the broader notion of justice for development as a concept to be meaningfully appreciated today. A process that takes place without giving stakeholders an opportunity to participate, or that excludes stakeholders, is not only an unfair and inequitable process but also one that is likely to fall foul of the notion of justice in a society that is governed by the rule of law. Thus, equitable participation necessitates a careful inquiry into the conceptual underpinnings of opportunity, inclusion, and equity as law and justice tools that can be used to secure elements of meaningful development. Opportunity, inclusion, and equity in global development are clearly the foundation stones of the millennium development goals (MDGs), and their importance is growing yet greater in the context of a new post-2015 sustainable development agenda that builds on the gains of implementing the eight MDGs while identifying new development challenges. This volume is made up of 32 chapters organized into five thematic parts. Part one is law and the economy; part two is justice and rule of law reform; part three is environmental and natural resources law; part four is governance and anticorruption; and part five is empowerment and equity for diverse communities. The volume ends with a concluding chapter and an afterword.

Russian Federation : National and Regional Trends in Regulatory Burden and Corruption

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Using data from business environment and enterprise performance survey (BEEPS) and other enterprise surveys, studies have shown that firm entry, growth and productivity are impeded by corruption and overly burdensome regulation. Most of these studies have been based on cross-country data (e.g. Barseghyan, 2008), or country-specific studies of firms in China (e.g. Cai et al., 2011; Cull and Xu, 2005), Mexico (Bruhn, 2011) and other nations. Other studies, however, are specific to Russia (e.g. Yakovlev and Zhuravskaya, 2007). Cross-regional variation in corruption and regulatory burden in Russia are potentially important factors in explaining differential performance in private sector development, income levels and growth rates. The intended audiences of this note are policymakers and policy analysts in the non-governmental organization (NGO) and academic communities who are interested in regulatory reform, corruption, and related aspects of the business environment in Russia. A broad range of evidence shows that overly burdensome regulation and corruption are significant impediments to firm entry...

Implementing Right to Information : Lessons from Experience

Dokeniya, Anupama
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This implementing right to information lessons from experience has attempted to sketch out the key areas that are important to address during the implementation of Right-to-Information (RTI). In particular, it has highlighted both the imperative of setting up a number of institutions to build capacity and support for RTI in the public sector as well as the challenges in sustaining implementation institutions as political will erodes. It has highlighted the critical importance of the underlying political economy and governance environment, an area often ignored in devising reforms but that is key to whether RTI ultimately works effectively or has any impact. The number of countries with RTI laws-laws that establish citizens `right` to have access to public information or operationalize such a right found in the constitution has exploded. Most of the new adopters are countries in Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America, and most recently, Africa and the Middle East-countries. The international momentum translated into law when domestic dynamics were favorable...

Feedback Matters : Designing Effective Grievance Redress Mechanisms for Bank-Financed Projects, Part 2. The Practice of Grievance Redress

Post, David; Agarwal, Sanjay
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This note aims to provide project teams with a better understanding of grievance redress mechanisms (GRMs) so that they can help borrowers design GRMs that effectively collect and respond to stakeholders inquiries, suggestions, concerns, and complaints. Grievance redress systems can be designed to function at the project, sector, and country levels; this note focuses primarily on the project level. The GRM framework presented here is equally applicable to both basic grievance redress systems and those that are oriented to advanced information technology.

Republic of Kazakhstan Tax Administration Reform and Modernization : Volume 2. Tax Strategy Paper

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This study focuses on the tax system for non-subsurface users in Kazakhstan. It takes as given the tax reform package that the authorities and stakeholders are designing, but proposes a number of additional steps to be taken over the next 2-3 years aimed at maximizing the benefits of tax neutrality on competitiveness. The first volume of this report mainly focuses on tax policy: taxes on labor, capital, and consumption. A draft report on administration was also produced for discussion, which includes an initial assessment for organization, planning and staffing, a large taxpayers unit, anti-corruption issues, taxpayer services and education, audit and inspections, collection activities, and legal issues and appeal. The second volume of the tax strategy paper examines tax administration issues, and identifies functional areas that require attention in the short, medium and longer-term. This examination represents an initial diagnostic and is not a final blueprint for modernization. The nine areas diagnosed are: organizational structure...

Benin Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2012 - June 2013)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The Country Opinion Survey for FY2012 in Benin assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Benin perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Benin on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Benin; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Benin; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Benin; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Benin.

Burundi Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2012 - June 2013)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2012 in Burundi assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Burundi perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Burundi on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Burundi; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Burundi; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Burundi; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Burundi.

Honduras Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2013 - June 2014)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2013 in Honduras assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Honduras perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Honduras on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Honduras; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Honduras; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Honduras; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Honduras.

Indonesia Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2012 - June 2013)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2012 in Indonesia assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Indonesia perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Indonesia on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Indonesia; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Indonesia; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Indonesia; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Indonesia.

Kosovo Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2013 - June 2014)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2013 in Kosovo assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Kosovo perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Kosovo on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Kosovo; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Kosovo; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Kosovo; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Kosovo.

Philippines Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2013 - June 2014)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2013 in the Philippines assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in the Philippines perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in the Philippines on 1) their views regarding the general environment in the Philippines; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in the Philippines; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in the Philippines; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in the Philippines.

Sri Lanka Country Opinion Survey Report (July 2012 - June 2013)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.45%
The Country Opinion Survey for FY2012 in Sri Lanka assists the World Bank Group (WBG) in gaining a better understanding of how stakeholders in Sri Lanka perceive the WBG. It provides the WBG with systematic feedback from national and local governments, multilateral/bilateral agencies, media, academia, the private sector, and civil society in Sri Lanka on 1) their views regarding the general environment in Sri Lanka; 2) their overall attitudes toward the WBG in Sri Lanka; 3) overall impressions of the WBG s effectiveness and results, knowledge work and activities, and communication and information sharing in Sri Lanka; and 4) their perceptions of the WBG s future role in Sri Lanka.

Supporting Constructive Engagement between the Government of Yemen and CSOs : Partnership for Development Knowledge Conference

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This is a post conference summary of the Partnership for Development Knowledge Conference held in Yemen from March 4-6, 2014. The report summarizes the discussions that took place during various conference sessions and also some of the outcomes and agreements reached. Following a rich and open dialogue, important outcomes of the conference included a set of recommendations jointly formulated by the government technical teams and Civil Society Organization(s), or CSO representatives. They also agreed on a series of future actions, including the following: build on working group outcomes and discussions with the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation to determine the 3-4 priority sectors in which more sector-specific dialogue needs to take place. Preparations and groundwork for sector-specific dialogue, building on the conference outcomes, will continue via technical discussions with relevant Sector Ministries. A possible knowledge visit to India by a small government technical team will be explored...

Socialist Republic of Vietnam - Results-Based National Urban Development Program in the Northern Mountains Region : Fiduciary System Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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The proposed Results-Based National Urban Development Program in the Northern Mountains Region (RBNUDP-NM or the Program ) will assist the Government of Vietnam in developing the implementation framework for its national urban program. It will do this by piloting a performance-based transfer system that will provide participating cities with a combination of much needed resources along with a clarification of implementation responsibilities, a results-based orientation, improved planning and a strengthening of oversight and accountability through audits and verification activities. The Program Development Objective is to strengthen the capacity of participating Northern Mountains cities to plan, implement and sustain urban infrastructure. The World Bank s Program-for-Results lending instrument is to be used for this operation. The Program targets the following seven cities Dien Bien Phu, Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Thai Nguyen, Hoa Binh, Tuyen Quang and Yen Bai.