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Spectroscopic investigation of the interactions between emeraldine base polyaniline and Eu(III) ions

IZUMI, Celly M. S.; BRITO, Hermi F.; FERREIRA, Ana Maria D. C.; CONSTANTINO, Vera R. L.; TEMPERINI, Marcia L. A.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The interactions of emeraldine base form of polyaniline (EB-PANI) and Eu(III) ions in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) solution and in films have been investigated by UV-vis-NIR, resonance Raman. luminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies. These spectroscopic techniques allowed to characterize quinone and semiquinone segments in the polymeric chains. and the oxidation state of europium ions in Eu-PANI samples. For high values of Eu(III)/N molar ratio (24/1) the presence of a weak polaronic absorption band at 980 nm in UV-vis-NIR spectrum and the observation of bands at 1330 and 1378 (nu(center dot)(C-N+)) cm(-1) due to emeraldine salt in the Raman spectrum at 1064 nm indicate a low doping degree. Oxidation of EB-PANI to pernigraniline base (PB-PANI) occurs in diluted solutions. The experimental data showed that the solvent plays an important role on the nature of formed species. The narrow EPR signal at g = 2.006 (line width 8G) confirms the presence of PANI radical cations in Eu-PANI film. The absence of broad signal characteristic of Eu(II) in EPR spectrum suggested that europium ions are primarily at Eu(III) oxidation state. The luminescence spectra of Eu-PANI film presented emission bands at 405 and 418 nm assigned to PANI moieties and bands at 594...

Extração liquido-liquido por fase unica : estudo do comportamento do Y, La, Pr, Eu e Gd no sistema agua-etanol-metilisobutilcetona com tenoiltrifluoroacetona

Efraim Lazaro Reis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/12/1983 Português
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Estuda-se no presente trabalho o comportamento do sistema água/etanol/metilsobutilcetona (2: 7,5 5 v/v) com respeito a extração FU de Y(III), La (III), Pr (III), Gd (III) e Eu (III) em meio nítrico com o quelante tenoiltrifluoroacetona (TTA), recorrendo-se ao fenômeno da separação de fases pela adição da FU à um excesso de água. Todos os íons apresentam percentuais de extração superiores a 99% quando se utiliza tenoiltrifluoroacetona 1,72 x 10 M em FU. Reduzindo-se a concentração de tenoiltrifluoroacetona, para 3,44 x 10 M em FU a porcentagem de extração diminui, obtendo-se em média uma extração da ordem de 60%, no pHFU de máxima extração. As curvas de extração situam-se quase todas numa mesma região de pHFU. A utilização de trietanolamina (TEA) como base de acerto de pHFU para Eu, La e Pr mostrou que numa faixa de pHFU relativamente pequena passa-se de percentagem de extração nula à uma extração quantitativa. Baseado neste fenômeno executou-se a extração conjunta de Eu (III) e La (III) e também de Eu (III) e Pr (III), obtendo-se ao final do processo enriquecimento de mais de 98% em Eu (III) nas fases orgânicas, depois de quatro extrações sucessivas.; The system water/etanol/metylisobutilketone (2...

Características das classes de comportamentos referidas em proposições acerca do conceito "eu" na análise do comportamento como contribuição para o conhecimento de interações humanas em aprendizagem, desenvolvimento e organizações

Lorenzo, Flora Moura
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 548 p.| il., tabs.
Português
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Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Florianópolis, 2013.; Do conhecimento produzido por uma área de conhecimento em relação a seu fenômeno de estudo decorre a qualidade das intervenções de profissionais que nela se embasam para fundamentar sua atuação. Uma das variáveis que constitui o processo de produção de conhecimento e interfere em seus produtos e em sua utilização como subsídio consiste nos conceitos dos autores da área em relação aos termos nela utilizados. O termo "Eu" é tradicionalmente concebido como uma instância responsável pelas características de ações e sentimentos dos indivíduos, sendo tal interpretação perpetuada ao serem supervalorizados "fenômenos subjetivos" em sistemas explicativos reunidos sob a área de conhecimento da Psicologia. Ao desenvolver o conceito "comportamento" como um sistema multideterminado complexo de relações entre ações que um organismo apresenta e aspectos de seu ambiente físico ou social e o conjunto de procedimentos reunidos sob a denominação "análise funcional", a Análise Experimental do Comportamento torna possível identificar quais sejam os fenômenos comportamentais envolvidos no que é entendido como "Eu"...

Da abordagem Orff-Schulwerk ao desenvolvimento do ’eu musical’ : flow em processos de ensino/aprendizagem de educação musical

Cunha, João Cristiano Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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O presente trabalho visa discutir a relação entre a abordagem Orff-Schulwerk e o desenvolvimento do ‘Eu Musical’ em contexto de Educação Musical no 2.º Ciclo do Ensino Básico genérico português. Na tentativa de verificar, analisar e tentar compreender esta relação, o processo empírico fundamentou-se na Flow Theory, desenvolvida por Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. O enquadramento teórico conduziu à elaboração do ‘Modelo Multidimensional de Eu Musical’ (‘MoMEuM’), o qual, partindo da abordagem Orff-Schulwerk, procurou bases epistemológicas na Flow Theory, nas vertentes Cultural, Social e Positiva da Psicologia, bem como no Embodiment. A componente empírica do estudo teve como base metodológica a investigação-ação. Nesse sentido, o professor-investigador acompanhou, de forma longitudinal, o percurso de 50 alunos no referido contexto e procurou verificar, através do FIMA - Flow Indicators in Musical Activity, a vivência de ‘experiências ótimas/estados de fluxo’ em atividades/estratégias pedagógicomusicais baseadas na abordagem Orff-Schulwerk e, por conseguinte, no desenvolvimento do ‘Eu Musical’. A análise e interpretação de dados sugere que a abordagem Orff-Schulwerk promove a ocorrência de ‘experiências ótimas/estados de fluxo’ e...

Estratégia de criação e desenvolvimento do grupo EU-Steel

Silva, Michelle Perluxo da
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Projecto, Mestrado em Finanças; A realização do presente estudo tem como principal objectivo delinear a estratégia futura para a viabilização e crescimento da actual actividade das empresas pertencentes ao Grupo EU-Steel, tentando-se compreender se a seguida até ao momento tem promovido a criação de valor. Sendo o Grupo EU-Steel constituído pela Chapagueda, Colormetal, Inferchapa, Trecem, Ferraço, 3Marcos e 3 Marcos Welding, é no seu conjunto e através de uma estratégia inovadora que o grupo pretende enfrentar os desafios e marcar presença num sector altamente competitivo como o Sector metalúrgico. Com a criação de um conglomerado de várias empresas, em que severifica uma partilha de competências e recursos mediante um modelo de negócios independente mas preservando sempre a cultura individual de cada empresa, o Grupo EU-Steel encontra as condições adequadas para oferecer uma gama diversificada de produtos aos seus clientes para além de sustentar outras situações que lhes confere um elevado nível de competitividade face aos seus concorrentes. Apostando numa estratégia baseada na diversificação de produtos e nabusca de soluções inovadores para os seus clientes, garantindo condições favoráveis para os mesmos...

O(s) eu(s) outro(s), ... de quem a quem ... a quem de quem ... do eu - outro ao outro eu: Estudo das características e das funções da identificação projectiva em pré-adolescentes e em adolescentes no e pelo Rorschach

Dias, Maria Paula Benevides
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada Publicador: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2005 Português
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Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica e Psicopatologia; Este trabalho esboçou-se a partir da curiosidade e vontade de aprofundar o conceito de identificação projectiva. Explorar as suas diferentes e diversas conceptualizações e perceber como e de forma um sujeito utiliza a identificação projectiva, sabendo a priori que este mecanismo apresenta um carácter patológico e um carácter empático, podendo-se contudo inter-cruzar entre si, pelo especificar das combinações que assentam nas noções de relação Eu <-> Outro, Continente <-> Conteúdo, 3° Intersubjectivo, Eu/Terceiro/Outro, O nosso objectivo, neste trabalho, inscreveu-se no estudo das características e funções da identificação projectiva em pré-adolescentes e em adolescentes no e pelo Rorschach. Foi portanto uma tentativa de aproximação ao conhecimento, a partir da inter-relação entre identificação projectiva, processo adolescente entendido como processo de re-significação e re-simbolização, processo de transformação de um Corpo, de um Outro, e Rorschach enquanto situação projectiva, enquanto processo-resposta Rorschach. A partir deste continente partimos à busca de conteúdos e contextos nos quais fossem visíveis o uso da identificação projectiva...

Luminescent Properties of Eu(III) Chelates on Metal Nanorods

Zhang, Jian; Fu, Yi; Ray, Krishanu; Wang, Yuan; Lakowicz, Joseph. R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/05/2013 Português
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In this article, we report the change of optical properties for europium chelates on silver nanorods by near-field interactions. The silver rods were fabricated in a seed-growth method followed by depositing thin layers of silica on the surfaces. The europium chelates were physically absorbed in the silica layers on the silver rods. The silver rods were observed to exhibit two plasmon absorption bands from longitudinal and transverse directions, respectively, centered at 394 and 675 nm, close to absorption and emission bands from the Eu(III) chelates. As a result, the immobilized Eu(III) chelates on the silver rods should have strong interactions with the silver nanorods and lead to greatly improved optical properties. The Eu–Ag rod complexes were observed to have enhanced emission intensity up to 240-fold in comparison with the Eu(III) chelates in the metal-free silica templates. This enhancement is much larger than the value for the Eu(III) chelates on the gold rods or silver spheres indicating the presence of stronger interactions for the Eu(III) chelates with the silver rods. The interactions of Eu(III) chelates with the silver rods were also proven by extremely reduced lifetime. Moreover, the Eu–Ag rod complexes exhibited a polarized emission...

Explaining EU decision-making on counter-terrorism

BARROS-GARCIA, Xiana
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Prior to 11 September 2001, the counter-terrorist responsibilities overseen by the European Union (EU) were relatively unimportant. Since then, however, member states have decided to engage the EU in a larger number of counter-terrorist issues and, in some cases, empower it to undertake substantial tasks. The EU has thus become an important player in counterterrorism in Europe; notwithstanding the fact that the major actor remains the member states themselves. However, this increase in EU engagement on counter-terrorist issues has varied enormously from one policy area to another. This asymmetric increase lies at the centre of my research question: since 11 September 2001, why have member states conferred important anti-terrorist responsibilities to the EU in some areas - for instance, judicial cooperation in criminal matters - and less significant in others, such as policing? I address this question by investigating the agenda-setting and decision-making processes of two specific EU decisions in each of my two policy area cases (2001-2007). In each case, one decision constitutes a large increase of EU engagement and the other represents a small or zero increase. The two cases are: Judicial Cooperation (European Arrest Warrant and the European Evidence Warrant) and Police Cooperation (EU ‘Prüm Measure’ and failure of the Commission’s proposal on the Principle of Availability). In order to explain the research puzzle...

Patterns of Transnationalization and Regulatory Change Beyond the EU: Explaining cross-sectoral variation in Ukraine

LANGBEIN, Julia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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This thesis seeks to explain cross-sectoral variation in convergence with EU rules in countries outside the EU that lack regulatory capacities and democratic development. In contrast to accounts predominant in the Europeanization literature, this study presents evidence to suggest that regulatory change in non-accession countries is not doomed to failure despite high initial adaptation costs that cannot be mitigated by EU membership conditionality. Making use of qualitative research methods, I analyze variation in convergence with EU rules in Ukraine across four policy sectors (corporate governance, technical regulation, telecommunications and food safety). I find that cross-sectoral variation is a function of different patterns of transnationalization that can be deep, shallow or mixed, depending on the properties and combined effects of interactions between domestic and external actors. In policy sectors where the combined effects of strong economic conditionality, strong market incentives for European and local firms and multiplex capacity building increase the incentives and capacities of domestic public and private actors for regulatory change, convergence with EU rules is likely to reach high levels thanks to deep patterns of transnationalization. My findings have the following implications. 1) Instead of high-powered political incentives (membership conditionality)...

EU Law in Ireland

FAHEY, Elaine
Fonte: Clarus Press Publicador: Clarus Press
Tipo: Livro
Português
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There is a rapid increase in the amount of case law on EU law in the Irish legal order. EU Law in Ireland attempts to analyse key case law, text and commentaries in a diversity of EU law-related subject areas and will provide an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of materials. There is currently a dearth of research as to the operation of European Union law in the Irish courts. The standard published texts in European Union law do not include any materials as to the Irish legal order and research considering the operation of European Union Law in the national courts has frequently excluded data as to Ireland on the basis of a paucity of case law. However, there has been a major increase in case law in this area from the Irish Superior Courts in recent years and a large increase in European Union Regulations, Directives in Irish law. The new areas of regulation and corresponding case law generated have entailed that a collection of key case law and materials is now a timely one. A mini-schedule of relevant primary legislation and constitutional texts are included in the publication. This publication will be of major interest to students, academics, practitioners and Government and public servants, both in Ireland and abroad.; 1. Overview of EU law in the Irish courts 1973-2010 2. The Emanation of the State Doctrine in Irish Law: Direct and Indirect Effect and State Liability 3. The Primacy of EU law in Ireland 4. The Duty of Co-operation 5. The Constitutional Dimension to the Implementation of EU in Ireland 6. Litigation by the Irish State at EU Level and EU Law Litigation Emanating from Ireland 7. EU Consumer Law in Ireland: Product Liability...

EU External Relations Law and the European Neighbourhood Policy: A paradigm for coherence

VAN VOOREN, Bart
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Livro
Português
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The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is a recent example of an external EU policy drawn up explicitly with the objective of achieving coherence in the external policies of the EU and its Member States. Positioning the ENP in the legal-historical context of political union, this book explains why coherence has become a substantive issue in EU external relations, and why law is integral to attaining the ever-enigmatic single voice of the European Union. The text examines the role of EU external relations law in attaining a coherent neighbourhood policy and goes on to undertake an in depth analysis of the ENP, arguing that the innovative nature of the ENP in regard to coherence lies beyond the narrowly defined legal sphere, and stems primarily from its hybrid composition of hard legal, soft legal and non-legal policy instruments. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach by integrating elements of law, history and political science, EU External Relations Law and the European Neighbourhood Policy is unique in its approach to the subject. This book will be of particular interest to academics and students of EU Law, Political Science, History and International Relations as well as to practitioners engaged in the process of drafting coherent external policy.; 1. A Legal History of Fragmentation and Coherence in EU External Action 2. A Theoretical Framework for Coherence in EU External Relations Law and Policy 3. Coherence of EU and Member State External Action: Duty of Loyalty 4. Coherence Across Divided Union Competences in the TEU & TFEU 5. Coherence and Soft Law in EU External Relations: ENP as a Paradigm 6. Coherence as Policy Synergy in the ENP 7. Conclusion: The ENP...

Democratic Legitimacy though European Conflicts-law? The case of EU administrative governance of GMOs

WEIMER, Maria
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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This thesis aims at addressing the problem of a potential dis-embedding of the EU administration from democratic institutions. For that purpose it explores the potential of a novel approach to EU constitutionalism, namely of European conflicts-law to ensure the democratic legitimacy of EU administrative governance of GMOs. The term administrative governance is being used as referring to a system of administrative action, in which EU administrative actors implement EU law in cooperation with national administrations, as well as with scientific and private experts. In order to analyse the functioning of this system governance is employed as analytical framework. This thesis shows that the conflicts-law approach constitutes a valuable constitutional framework. It helps to identify and better understand the legitimacy problems of EU administrative governance in the field of GMOs. The existent legal rules in this area can to a certain extent be reconceived as embodying conflicts-law mechanisms and ideas. This is most visible in their aim to procedurally organise cooperation between various actors within horizontal network structures of decision-making. However, the implementation of GMO rules in practice has considerably undermined the functioning of conflicts-law mechanisms. The analysis reveals problematic shifts of authority...

India-EU migration : a relationship with untapped potential

FARGUES, Philippe; LUM, Kathryn
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
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The rise of India as an increasingly important economic and strategic partner brings a range of potential benefits to the European Union. However, while the EU is currently negotiating a Free Trade Agreement with India that will potentially open up India´s burgeoning market, many of its Member States are ´missing the boat´ when it comes to exploiting the full potential of Indian migration to the EU. Indian migration to Europe has a long history: a number of EU member states have historical colonial links with India, including Portugal, France, the Netherlands and the UK. These early Indian migrants settled successfully into their respective countries, and many have played leading roles in contributing to EU national economies. The current migration situation is much more complex, in large part because India is still not viewed as an important migration source country. Yet, as this report highlights, India constitutes the fourth largest country of origin for migration to the EU. The Indian student market is the second largest in the world after China´s, and represents great potential for European universities seeking to internationalise their student intake. Highly skilled workers from India, particularly from the IT industry, have made Indian nationals the largest recipient of highly skilled visas in Germany and the Netherlands. Among low-skilled workers...

Reflections on the challenges of EU Policy-Making with view to Flood Risk Management: Actors, processes and the acquis communautaire

VETERE ARELLANO ANA LISA; DE ROO ARIE; NORDVIK JEAN PIERRE
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Articles in books Formato: Printed
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Europe has a long history of devastation caused by floods. Each flood event triggers dynamic spatial and temporal mechanisms, which include the mobilisation of many multi-disciplinary actors, setting up and/or revision of many administrative and operational processes, and entry into force and/or update of legal frameworks. Depending on geographical extent of the flooding coupled with national modus operandi of countries, the above-mentioned mechanisms may take place at local, regional and national levels. However, as floods can also be a transboundary phenomenon, and as events in one country are no longer isolated but are strictly related to progress towards increased social cohesion and competitiveness within the European Union (EU), European initiatives dealing with floods and other major hazards have gained momentum and are considered a strategic objective in the EU. This is evidenced by the establishment of the EU Solidarity Fund that was set up in the aftermath of the Central European flooding in August 2002 ¿providing financial assistance to contribute to a rapid return to normal living conditions in the disaster-stricken regions¿. The decision-making process prescribed in the Treaty establishing the European Community(TEC) would govern the legal basis for any potential flood risk management initiative at EU level and would mainly be based on Article 174...

The 2012 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-12-10)

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The 2012 Annual Economic Report (AER) on the European Union (EU) fishing fleet provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of EU Member States fishing fleets. The results indicate that the EU fishing fleet moved from a loss making position to post a profit in 2010. On the whole, the EU fleet showed improvements in the economic performance indicators analysed when compared to 2009: GVA was estimated at €3.4 billion, an increase of 5.7%; gross profit was €1.2 billion, a 39.5% increase and net profit was €288 million, an increase of over €300 million from 2009 (all excluding subsidies). Forecast figures also indicate that the fleet’s economic performance improved in 2011 for around three quarters of the national fleets analysed, yet in the current economic climate, the future of many EU fleets remain uncertain. This year’s publication includes: (1) an economic and structural overview of the EU fishing fleet; (2) a detailed economic and structural overview of the fishing fleets from each EU Member State; (3) qualitative economic performance assessments for 2011 and 2012 for each EU Member State; (4) detailed economic and structural analyses of Member States key fleet segments; (5) regional analyses of the EU fishing fleet; (6) EU fish prices analysis; (7) economic indicators for assessing balance between fleet capacity and fishing opportunities and (8) analyses of DCF data relating to fishing rights.; JRC.G.4-Maritime affairs

Farm Type Effects of an EU-wide Direct Payment Harmonisation

GOCHT Alexander; BRITZ Wolfgang; CIAIAN PAVEL; GOMEZ Y PALOMA Sergio
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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In this study, we analyse how three scenarios involving different levels of harmonisation of common agricultural policy (CAP) decoupled payments in the EU affect the distribution of farm income across regions and farm types. We use the farm type extension of the common agricultural policy impact (CAPRI) model, which captures farm heterogeneity across the EU. The first scenario (NUTS1) assumes uniform per-hectare payments at the NUTS1 level. The second scenario (MS-CONV) equalises the per-hectare rates inside each Member State (MS) and partially harmonises the single payment scheme (SPS) across MS in line with the 2011 Commission proposal. The third scenario simulates a uniform per-hectare payment at the EU level. Depending on the implementation of the SPS, the NUTS1 flat rate induces a substantial redistribution of payments across farm types and NUTS2 regions, particularly in regions that apply the historical SPS. The MS-CONV and EU flat-rate schemes have more significant impacts at the EU-wide level. In the EU-15, almost all farms lose payments from MS-CONV and EU-wide flat rates, whereas in the EU-10, almost all farm types gain from these scenarios. Our conservative estimates indicate that the flat-rate payments could redistribute up to €8.5 billion. Lower land rental costs partially offset the losses of farm income in the EU-15 from payment redistribution. Land rents drop for all flat-rate scenarios across most sectors and farm sizes in the EU-15. In the less productive new MS...

The 2014 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF 14-16). Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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The 2014 Annual Economic Report (AER) on the European Union (EU) fishing fleet provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of EU Member States fishing fleets. The results show that although revenue (income from seafood sales plus other income from non-fishing activities) generated by the fleet decreased compared to 2011, costs decreased even more, making the EU fishing fleet generally profitable and more so than in 2011. The decrease in revenue is consistent with a decrease in the total weight and value of seafood landed by the EU fleet. In 2012, the EU fleet generated €6.9 billion in revenue, amounting to €3.3 billion in Gross Value Added, €1.3 billion in gross profit and €458 million in net profit. In 2012, 6.6% of the fleet’s revenue was retained as net profit. In view of the continued uncertain economic climate in many Member States and high fuel prices, the economic performance of the EU fleet in the near future is unclear. Projections for 2013 suggest decreased revenue for nine out of 15 Member State fleets assessed. However, GVA as a proportion of revenue is expected to have increased or remained stable in 9 out of the 15 MS fleets, and gross profit and net profit margins are expected to have increased in about half of the fleets assessed. This year’s publication includes: (1) an extended (non-technical) summary; (2) a structural and economic overview of the EU fishing fleet; (3) a detailed economic and structural overview of the fishing fleets from each EU Member State; (4) qualitative economic performance assessments for 2012 and performance projections for 2013 for each EU Member State; and (5) regional analyses of the EU fishing fleet.; JRC.G.3-Maritime affairs

JRC CBRN activities: Contribution to the Implementation of the EU CBRN Action and to the CBRN Centres of Excellence Initiative

ABOUSAHL Said; PALAJOVA ZDENKA
Fonte: Publications Office Publicador: Publications Office
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
Português
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Within the international security context, the Prevention and mitigation of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) hazards has become an important area of activities. EU is contributing to the international community effort to mitigate the threat and risks associated with these materials. The EU CBRN Action Plan (AP) was adopted in December 2009. The AP aims to strengthen CBRN security throughout the EU. Based on an all-hazard approach, the AP's overall goal is to reduce the threat of, and damage from CBRN incidents of accidental, natural and intentional origin, including terrorist acts. The AP contributes to the implementation of the EU Counter Terrorism Strategy and provides for three main areas of CBRN security work: Prevention, Detection, Preparedness and response. A total of 124 actions are to be implemented by the EU Member States and the EU Institutions. In addition to 25 actions relating to radiological and nuclear security, there are 32 actions covering biological or chemical security. A further 67 actions are horizontal actions in the sense that they apply to more than one area. The implementation of the Action Plan is guided by consultation with national authorities and other relevant stakeholders. The IAEA...

Why do Korean firms invest in the EU? Evidence from FDI in the peripheral regions.

Hwang, Ki-Sik
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 Português
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This thesis examines the question of why the Korean electronics firms invest in the EU. It applies conventional OLI (Ownership-Location-Internalisation) paradigm of Dunning to explain the motivations of Korean investment in the EU. The main questions in this thesis are: What are the nature of competitive Ownership (O) advantages of Korean firms and Location (L) advantages of the EU. And how do both O and L advantages affect Korean firms' decision to invest. This thesis raises questions about the 'reverse investment theory' and refutes the basic logic of this theory (e.g., no clear O advantages of Korean firms, high labour costs of the EU, and advanced technology access as the main investment motivation). It mainly argues that some 'cost saving factors' (such as low labour costs, various types of grants and ability to source low-cost components from Korean suppliers) in the EU have been major determinants for Korean firms in the EU. In other words, low production cost is one of the most important location advantages that needs to be provided in order for Korean consumer electronics Chaebols in the EU to keep their competitive ownership advantages. Therefore, EU peripheral regions have satisfied the requirements for Korean electronics investors by offering relatively low labour cost and various investment subsidies...

Lobbying in EU foreign policy-making towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: exploring the potential of a constructivist perspective

Voltolini, Benedetta
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2013 Português
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This thesis explores how constructivist insights could help us to form a more complete picture of lobbying in EU foreign policy-making, with a special emphasis on EU foreign policy towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It demonstrates that non-state actors (NSAs) such as business groups, NGOs, solidarity movements and think tanks, are important players in the EU’s foreign policy-making. By sharing the constructivist views on the embeddedness of actors and assuming that actors interact with each other in order to make sense of the world, this thesis investigates lobbying on the basis of three analytical dimensions; namely roles, frames and levels. It is shown that NSAs lobbying the EU play a consensual role, which is based on mutually legitimising social interactions that do not challenge the EU’s actorness and policies towards Israel and Palestine. When combined with the use of legal or technical frames, these consensual forms of interaction are conducive to a re-framing of EU policies towards Israel and Palestine. In contrast, confrontational forms of social interactions, combined with the use of political frames are more recurrent at the national level. Finally, this thesis analyses how the national level is used...