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The Short-Term Effectiveness of Non-Surgical Treatment in Reducing Levels of Interleukin-1 beta and Proteases in Gingival Crevicular Fluid From Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Chronic Periodontitis

Correa, Fernanda O. B.; Goncalves, Daniela; Figueredo, Carlos M. S.; Gustafsson, Anders; Orrico, Silvana R. P.
Fonte: Amer Acad Periodontology Publicador: Amer Acad Periodontology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2143-2150
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 04/08142-0; Background: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of nonsurgical periodontal treatment in improving periodontal status and reducing gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of interleukin (IL)-1 beta and IL-18, elastase activity, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and -9 in periodontitis patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods: Twenty-three patients with T2DM (diabetes group) and 26 systemically healthy subjects (control group) with chronic periodontitis participated in this study. The clinical examination included visible plaque index, gingival bleeding index, probing depth, clinical attachment level, and bleeding on probing. GCF samples were collected from five or six deep sites to evaluate the levels of IL-1 beta and -18, elastase, and MMP-8 and -9. Shallow sites were analyzed for IL-1 beta and elastase. The glycemic control was analyzed by the concentration of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). The subjects received non-surgical periodontal treatment and were reexamined 90 days later.Results: All clinical parameters showed a significant improvement after treatment...

Antigenic Activity of Bacterial Endodontic Contents from Primary Root Canal Infection with Periapical Lesions against Macrophage in the Release of Interleukin-1 beta and Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha

Martinho, Frederico Canato; Maia Chiesa, Wanderson Miguel; Leite, Fabio R. M.; Cirelli, Joni A.; Gomes, Brenda P. F. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1467-1474
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 07/58518-4; Processo FAPESP: 08/58299-3; Processo FAPESP: 08/ 57954-8; Processo FAPESP: 08/57551-0; Introduction: Periradicular tissue chronic stimulation by endotoxin may cause apical periodontitis. This study investigated the microbial profile and the levels of endotoxin found in primary root canal infection with apical periodontitis, determined their antigenicity against macrophages through the levels of interleukin (IL)-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and evaluated their relationship with clinical and radiographic findings. Methods: Samples were taken from 21 root canals with primary endodontic infection and apical periodontitis with paper points. PCR technique (16S rDNA) was used for the detection of the target bacteria. Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) was used to measure endotoxin. The amounts of IL-1 beta/TNF-alpha in macrophages supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay - Duoset-kit (ELISA). Results: Prevotella nigrescens (13/21), Porphyromonas endodontalis (6/21), and Treponema socranskii (6/21) were the most frequently detected gram-negative bacterial species. The presence of the sinus tract (2/21) was related to the detection of Filifactor alocis (p < 0.05)...

Interleukin 1 beta induces rapid phosphorylation and redistribution of talin: a possible mechanism for modulation of fibroblast focal adhesion.

Qwarnström, E E; MacFarlane, S A; Page, R C; Dower, S K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/02/1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The majority of interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptors in human fibroblasts has been shown to be localized at focal adhesions. This study describes rapid alterations caused by IL-1 beta/IL-1-receptor interaction at these sites. Fibroblast monolayers, incubated with IL-1 beta and prepared for electron microscopy, showed successive loss of cell-substratum contact and fewer and less-pronounced processes. Immunocytochemistry revealed loss and redistribution of the talin staining initially observed after 5-15 min of IL-1 beta incubation. Similarly, the cytoskeleton showed a decrease in staining and a disorganization starting from 15 to 30 min after IL-1 addition, whereas extracellular fibronectin appeared largely unaffected. Prelabeling with [32P]phosphate showed a 2- to 3-fold increase in the level of talin phosphorylation, peaking at 15 min. Phospho amino acid analyses revealed a higher level of serine and threonine phosphorylation. The data suggest that the action of IL-1 beta on fibroblasts may be partially mediated by direct phosphorylation of talin via activation of a protein serine/threonine kinase, leading to changes in transmembrane linkage proteins and the cytoskeleton. Such alterations at focal adhesions may provide a mechanism by which IL-1 can rapidly modulate cell-matrix interactions during inflammation and wound healing.

Modulation of interleukin 1 beta gene expression by the immediate early genes of human cytomegalovirus.

Iwamoto, G K; Monick, M M; Clark, B D; Auron, P E; Stinski, M F; Hunninghake, G W
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/1990 Português
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55.89%
The immediate early (IE) genes of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be expressed in monocytes/macrophages and are known to regulate other viral genes. The purpose of these studies was to determine if HCMV IE gene products also modulate expression of a monocyte/macrophage-derived gene, interleukin 1 (IL-1) beta. Steady-state cell-derived IL-1 beta mRNA was increased in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated THP-1 cells when transfected with the HCMV IE1 + 2 genes, when compared to cells transfected with a control DNA. LPS-stimulated THP-1 cells also exhibited approximately 30-fold higher IL-1 CAT activity when cotransfected with IE1 + 2 than was observed for the same cells cotransfected with IL-1 CAT and a control plasmid containing the IE promoter alone. LPS increased IL-1 CAT activity in the absence of HCMV genes only twofold. IE1, by itself, increased IL-1 CAT activity in LPS-stimulated cells, whereas, IE2, by itself, caused no change in IL-1 CAT activity. These studies show that the IE1 gene of HCMV can regulate IL-1 beta gene expression. The observations further suggest that some of the inflammatory processes associated with HCMV infection may be due to an effect of HCMV IE genes on cell-derived genes, such as the IL-1 beta gene.

Specific bioactivities of monocyte-derived interleukin 1 alpha and interleukin 1 beta are similar to each other on cultured murine thymocytes and on cultured human connective tissue cells.

Rupp, E A; Cameron, P M; Ranawat, C S; Schmidt, J A; Bayne, E K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1986 Português
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In this report we compare the bioactivities of pure, human monocyte-derived interleukin 1 (IL-1) alpha and beta in the standard murine thymocyte proliferation assay, a human dermal fibroblast proliferation assay, and in an assay measuring stimulation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release from human rheumatoid synoviocytes. In each case the different species of IL-1 produced saturable stimulation and gave similar dose response curves. Half-maximal stimulation was observed at average IL-1 concentrations of 29 pM in the thymocyte assay, 2 pM in the dermal fibroblast proliferation assay, and 5 pM in the synovial cell assay. Our results show that native, monocyte-derived IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are both potent stimulators of connective tissue cells and that the specific bioactivities of these molecules are similar to each other in tests on human connective tissue cells, as well as on murine lymphoid cells.

Human recombinant interleukin-1 regulates cellular mRNA levels of dermatan sulphate proteoglycan core protein.

Heino, J; Kähäri, V M; Mauviel, A; Krusius, T
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/05/1988 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
Human skin fibroblasts were exposed to various concentrations (from 0.01 to 5.0 units/ml) of human recombinant interleukin-1 alpha and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta). Both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta were found to increase dermatan-sulphate-proteoglycan (DSPG) core-protein mRNA levels. Maximal increase (3.0-fold) was seen at 48 h after addition of 1 unit of IL-1 beta/ml. In spite of the elevated DSPG-core-protein mRNA only a slight increase (from 10 to 18%) could be seen in the production of DSPG to cell-culture medium. No changes in the molecular mass of DSPG could be detected.

Regulation of bovine acute phase responses by recombinant interleukin-1 beta.

Godson, D L; Baca-Estrada, M E; Van Kessel, A G; Hughes, H P; Morsy, M A; Van Donkersgoed, J; Harland, R J; Shuster, D E; Daley, M J; Babiuk, L A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The acute phase response is a collection of physiologic changes initiated early in the inflammatory process. This response is comprised of both localized changes at the site of infection or injury and the initiation of systemic responses, such as the increase in production of acute phase proteins. Cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) play key roles in the regulation of acute phase response in the species studied to date. To better characterize the acute phase response of cattle, recombinant bovine (rBo). IL-1 beta was administered to cattle. A single administration of rBoIL-1 beta was able to induce a dose dependent increase in body temperature, circulating leukocytes, and serum haptoglobin and fibrinogen concentrations, as well as a decrease in plasma zinc concentration. Five daily administrations of rBoIL-1 beta resulted in heightened and prolonged elevations of haptoglobin and fibrinogen. In addition, alpha 1-acid glycoprotein levels were increased, a response not seen after a single administration of rBoIL-1 beta. These results indicate that IL-1 is an important regulator of the acute phase response in cattle.

Antibodies to interleukin-1 raised with synthetic peptides: identification of external sites and analysis of interleukin-1 synthesis in stimulated human peripheral blood monocytes.

Bomford, R; Abdulla, E; Hughes-Jenkins, C; Simpkin, D; Schmidt, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1987 Português
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55.92%
Rabbit antibodies against peptides corresponding to amino acids 1-18, 45-65 and 71-90 of mature human interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) precipitated 125I-labelled IL-1 beta, showing that these sites are accessible to antibody and located externally. Immunoprecipitation of 35S-methionine-labelled LPS-stimulated human peripheral blood monocytes followed by SDS-PAGE revealed the expected major bands of molecular weights 35,000 and 17,500. The 35,000 protein was found in the cell lysate and extracellularly in the medium, but the 17,500 protein was exclusively in the medium. A previously undescribed 31,000 band was also detected in the medium. These results are most simply explained by the hypothesis that the 35,000 IL-1 beta precursor is released from the cell and processed extracellularly to the 17,500 mature form. The 31,000 molecule may represent a processing intermediate.

p-Benzoquinone, a reactive metabolite of benzene, prevents the processing of pre-interleukins-1 alpha and -1 beta to active cytokines by inhibition of the processing enzymes, calpain, and interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme.

Kalf, G F; Renz, J F; Niculescu, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Chronic exposure of humans of benzene affects hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells and leads to aplastic anemia. The stromal macrophage, a target of benzene toxicity, secretes interleukin-1 (IL-1), which induces the stromal fibroblast to synthesize hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors. In a mouse model, benzene causes an acute marrow hypocellularity that can be prevented by the concomitant administration of IL-1 alpha. The ability of benzene to interfere with the production and secretion of IL-1 alpha was tested. Stromal macrophages from benzene-treated mice were capable of the transcription to the IL-1 alpha gene and the translation of the message but showed an inability to process the 34-kDa pre-IL-1 alpha precursor to the 17-kDa biologically active cytokine. Treatment of normal murine stromal macrophages in culture with hydroquinone (HQ) also showed an inhibition in processing of pre-IL-1 alpha. Hydroquinone is oxidized by a peroxidase-mediated reaction in the stromal macrophage to p-benzoquinone, which interacts with the sulfhydryl (SH) groups of proteins and was shown to completely inhibit the activity of calpain, the SH-dependent protease that cleaves pre-IL-1 alpha. In a similar manner, HQ, via peroxidase oxidation to p-benzoquinone...

Cells with dendritic morphology and bright interleukin-1 alpha staining circulate in the blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Barkley, D E; Feldmann, M; Maini, R N
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/1990 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 10 healthy volunteers, 28 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), eight patients with osteoarthritis, and five patients with ankylosing spondylitis were examined for interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) production using monoclonal antibodies and an indirect immunofluorescent method. In freshly isolated PBMC from healthy controls very few cells were stained for either IL-1 type. All 20 RA patients who were not receiving parenteral gold therapy had PBMC staining for IL-1 alpha. In these patients, up to 7.5% of PBMC showed bright IL-1 alpha staining (range 1.2-7.5%). No IL-1 beta staining was seen. These IL-1 alpha-staining cells had a dendritic morphology and the percentage of cells staining correlated well with levels of C-reactive protein, an index of disease activity in these RA patients. Significantly fewer IL-1 alpha-staining cells were present in the peripheral blood of RA patients receiving gold therapy and in the blood of patients with osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. These IL-1 alpha-containing cells, circulating in the blood of RA patients and correlating with disease activity have not been previously described. These results support the idea that IL-1 alpha plays an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid inflammation.

Effect of inhaled glucocorticoids on IL-1 beta and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 ra) expression in asthmatic bronchial epithelium

Sousa, A. R.; Trigg, C. J.; Lane, S. J.; Hawksworth, R.; Nakhosteen, J. A.; Poston, R. N.; Lee, T. H.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that the cytokine network is central to the immunopathology of bronchial asthma and the existence of naturally occurring cytokine antagonists has added to this complexity. Upregulation of both interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) and its naturally occurring receptor antagonist, interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL- 1ra), has previously been observed on asthmatic bronchial epithelium compared with normal airways. METHODS: The effect of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) on asthmatic bronchial epithelial expression of IL-1 beta and IL-1ra was studied. Frozen bronchial biopsy specimens from nine asthmatic subjects receiving 1000 micrograms BDP daily for eight weeks and from six asthmatic subjects receiving matching placebo were stained with anti-IL-1 beta and anti-IL-1ra antibodies. Hue-saturation-intensity (HSI) colour image analysis was used to quantify the brown immunoperoxidase reaction colour present on the bronchial epithelium. RESULTS: There was a significant twofold decrease in the epithelial expression of IL-1 beta after treatment with BDP but no significant change was seen in IL-1ra (P = 0.175). CONCLUSION: The selective inhibition of IL-1 beta, without effect on IL- 1ra...

Interleukin-1 beta-induced disruption of the retinal vascular barrier of the central nervous system is mediated through leukocyte recruitment and histamine.

Bamforth, S. D.; Lightman, S. L.; Greenwood, J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1997 Português
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55.92%
The vascular barriers of the central nervous system form a selective cellular interface between the blood and the neural parenchyma and restrict the transfer of both molecules and hematogenous cells. During immune-mediated diseases, leukocyte infiltration becomes dramatically up-regulated and the permeability of these barriers increases, leading to edema formation. The etiology of this damage remains largely unresolved although inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the process. The effect of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1 beta on the integrity of the rat blood-retinal barrier (BRB) was investigated up to 14 days after an intravitreal injection. The permeability of the BRB was evaluated quantitatively using the low molecular weight tracer [14C]mannitol. After IL-1 beta administration, a biphasic opening of the BRB to [14C]mannitol was recorded, peaking at 4 to 8 hours and 24 to 48 hours post-injection (PI). The early disruption coincided with the appearance of both polymorphonuclear and mononuclear leukocytes within the retina. By 12 hours PI, BRB permeability had returned to control values despite a continued increase in the number of infiltrating leukocytes. The second, more pronounced increase in barrier permeability detected at 24 to 48 hours PI corresponded with maximal leukocyte infiltration. Barrier dysfunction had resolved by 72 hours...

Regulatory roles of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1-mediated pulmonary granuloma formation in the rat.

Flory, C. M.; Jones, M. L.; Miller, B. F.; Warren, J. S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1995 Português
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55.92%
Intravenous infusion of particulate yeast cell wall glucan into rats results in the synchronous development of angiocentric pulmonary granulomas that are composed almost entirely of monocytes and macrophages. Previous studies indicate that locally produced monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is required for full granuloma development. Because tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) can induce MCP-1 production in a variety of cell types, we sought to determine their potential regulatory roles in this model. A single infusion of anti-TNF-alpha antibody at the time of glucan infusion (time 0) markedly reduced MCP-1 mRNA levels at 1 and 6 hours but not at later time points; there was no effect on granuloma size or number measured at 48 hours. When multiple infusions of anti-TNF-alpha antibody were administered over a 23-hour period (0 to 23 hours), MCP-1 mRNA was reduced through 24 hours, there was a significant reduction in peak bronchoalveolar lavage fluid MCP-1 activity at 48 hours, and there were marked reductions in granuloma size and number at 48 hours. Similar results were observed in animals that received infusions of anti-IL-1 beta. Infusion of anti-IL-1 beta at time 0 resulted in moderate reductions in MCP-1 mRNA at 1 and 6 hours and had no effect on granuloma size or number measured at 48 hours. When multiple infusions of anti-IL-1 beta were administered over a 23-hour period (0 to 23 hours)...

Pulse exposure to protein synthesis inhibitors enhances vascular responses to des-Arg9-bradykinin: possible role of interleukin-1.

deBlois, D.; Bouthillier, J.; Marceau, F.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
1. The modulation of the spontaneous increase in contractile responses to des-Arg9-bradykinin (des-Arg9-BK) of rabbit aortic strips incubated in vitro was studied. Rapid hypotensive responses to exogenous kinins were also measured in rabbits anaesthetized 5 h following pretreatment. 2. Continuous exposure to the protein synthesis inhibitors cycloheximide (71 microM) or anisomycin (3.8 microM) profoundly inhibited the sensitization to des-Arg9-BK in incubated aortic strips. However, temporary (3 h) inhibition of protein synthesis in vitro followed by further incubation (3 h) of tissues without inhibitor, paradoxically enhanced both the maximal contractile responses to des-Arg9-BK (1.7 microM) and the apparent affinity of the kinin without affecting contractions to noradrenaline (NA, 100 nM) at 6.5 h. 3. The stimulatory activity of the short treatment (pulse) with cycloheximide was abolished in the presence of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (100 microM throughout the incubation). The function of receptors for kinins did not appear to be altered directly by the steroid treatment. 4. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), applied at low concentrations (100-250 pg ml-1) on aortic strips between 3 h and 6.5 h of incubation time, mimicked the selective stimulatory effect of the cycloheximide pulse on responses to des-Arg9-BK. Higher concentrations of IL-1 beta (0.5-5 ng ml-1) did not further amplify the responses to des-Arg9-BK but decreased the contractile responses to NA. 5. The modulation by IL-1 beta of vascular sensitivity to des-Arg9-BK and to NA was prevented by blockade of protein synthesis. 6. The induction in vivo by IL-1 beta (5 micrograms kg-1) or by cycloheximide (10 mg kg-1) of cardiovascular responsiveness to des-Arg9-BK was demonstrated with a blood pressure assay of exogenous kinins or with tissues isolated ex vivo 5 h after pretreatment of animals. Evidence of active disposition of cycloheximide in vivo was also obtained. 7. We propose the production of endogenous IL-1 as a possible mechanism for the enhancement of responsiveness to des-Arg9-BK observed in tissues pulsed with a protein synthesis inhibitor and for the inducing effect of cycloheximide or E. coli lipopolysaccharide in vivo. These results suggest that effects mediated by the BK1 receptor for kinins are potentially present in pathological conditions associated with IL-1 production.

Interleukin 1 and tumour necrosis factor alpha may be responsible for the lytic mechanism during anti-tumour antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity.

Pullyblank, A. M.; Guillou, P. J.; Monson, J. R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Antibodies are thought to bring about tumour cell lysis by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), but the exact mechanism is not well elucidated. Monocytes are known to be important mediators of anti-tumour ADCC and are also known to secrete the cytokines tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta), both of which have been shown to bring about tumour cell lysis. We examined the release of these cytokines during ADCC and attempted to elucidate which components of the ADCC reaction were necessary for cytokine production. We measured TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta in supernatants collected from a standard ADCC assay using each of the anti-colorectal antibodies m17-1A, c17-1A and cSF25. We found that there was significant TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta release during ADCC mediated by each of these three antibodies and that the magnitude of cytokine release seemed to reflect the degree of tumour cell lysis produced by each antibody. Furthermore, we found that effector cells, target cells and a specific anti-tumour antibody were necessary for this to occur. The presence of only some of the components of the reaction or of an irrelevant antibody produced little or no TNF-alpha or IL-1 beta. We conclude that TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta are released when an effector and tumour target cell are united by a specific tumour antibody and that these cytokines may be important in bringing about tumour cell lysis during the ADCC reaction.

Antiinflammatory properties of hepatic acute phase proteins: preferential induction of interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist over IL-1 beta synthesis by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/11/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
This study was undertaken to determine whether acute phase proteins (APP) induce the synthesis of interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) and its specific antagonist, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). PBMC from healthy volunteers were incubated with C-reactive protein (CRP), alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT), or alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), and the levels of IL- 1 beta and IL-1Ra produced were measured by specific radioimmunoassay. To evaluate the effects of alpha 1-AT further, a synthetic pentapeptide FVYLI corresponding to the minimal binding sequence for the serpine- enzyme complex receptor was also evaluated. PBMC incubated for 24 h with CRP, alpha 1-AT, or the pentapeptide FVYLI synthesized large quantities of IL-1Ra, 5-10-fold greater than the amount of IL-1 beta produced by these cells. AGP induced significantly less IL-1Ra than the other APP tested. These effects were shown to be specific, in that polyclonal antibodies against CRP, alpha 1-AT, and AGP eliminated the cytokine production induced by these respective proteins. CRP, alpha 1- AT, FVYLI, and AGP were synergistic with low concentrations of endotoxin in the induction of both IL-1Ra and IL-1 beta synthesis. We suggest that the preferential induction of IL-1Ra by APP may contribute to their antiinflammatory effects and provide an important regulatory signal for the acute phase response.

Granzyme A is an interleukin 1 beta-converting enzyme

Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
Apoptosis is critically dependent on the presence of the ced-3 gene in Caenorhabditis elegans, which encodes a protein homologous to the mammalian interleukin (IL)-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE). Overexpression of ICE or ced-3 promotes apoptosis. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-mediated rapid apoptosis is induced by the proteases granzyme A and B. ICE and granzyme B share the rare substrate site of aspartic acid, after which amino acid cleavage of precursor IL-1 beta (pIL-1 beta) occurs. Here we show that granzyme A, but not granzyme B, converts pIL-1 beta to its 17-kD mature form. Major cleavage occurs at Arg120, four amino acids downstream of the authentic processing site, Asp116. IL-1 beta generated by granzyme A is biologically active. When pIL-1 beta processing is monitored in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophage target cells attacked by cytotoxic T lymphocytes, intracellular conversion precedes lysis. Prior granzyme inactivation blocks this processing. We conclude that the apoptosis-inducing granzyme A and ICE share at least one downstream target substrate, i.e., pIL-1 beta. This suggests that lymphocytes, by means of their own converting enzyme, could initiate a local inflammatory response independent of the presence of ICE.

Intraperitoneal injections of prostaglandin E2 attenuate hyperthermia induced by restraint or interleukin-1 in rats.

Long, N C; Morimoto, A; Nakamori, T; Yamashiro, O; Murakami, N
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
1. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the intraperitoneal (I.P.), intravenous (I.V.) or intrapreoptic area (POA) injection of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on the body temperature of restrained and unrestrained rats. The effect of I.P. PGE2 on the body temperature of rats during fever induced by I.P. injection of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) was also investigated. 2. Prior to injection, restrained rats had body temperatures of approximately 1 degree C higher than unrestrained rats. The I.P. injection of PGE2 (0.05 and 0.5 mg kg-1) caused body temperature to fall towards the pre-restraint levels in a dose-dependent manner. This fall in body temperature was preceded by a sharp increase in tail skin temperature that was also dependent on dose. The I.P. injection of PGE2 had no effect on the body temperature of unrestrained animals. 3. The I.V. injection of PGE2 caused very little change in the body temperature of restrained rats. However, when injected I.V. into unrestrained animals, PGE2 caused dose-dependent fevers. The injection of PGE2 (50 ng) into the POA resulted in fever in both restrained and unrestrained animals. 4. The I.P. injection of IL-1 beta (10 micrograms kg-1) caused a biphasic fever that lasted at least 420 min. The I.P. injection of PGE2 180 min after the injection of IL-1 beta caused a transient decrease in the rats' body temperature. This drop in body temperature was not associated with a decrease in metabolic rate. 5. These data support the hypothesis that during restraint stress hyperthermia and IL-1 beta fever...

Heterogeneous modulation of acute-phase-reactant mRNA levels by interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-6 in the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRF/5.

Steel, D M; Whitehead, A S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/07/1991 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
The acute-phase response to tissue injury and inflammation is accompanied by a dramatic increase in the hepatic synthesis of plasma proteins known as acute-phase reactants (APRs). This response is mediated by cytokines produced in part by activated macrophages at the site of inflammation; glucocorticoids have also been implicated as playing a regulatory role. The effects of the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1 beta and -6, alone or in combination, and in the absence or presence of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone, on the levels of APR mRNAs in the human hepatoma cell line PLC/PRF/5 were analysed. The accumulation of APR mRNAs [the complement components C3, factor B and Cl inhibitor; the major APRs C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A protein and the CRP analogue serum amyloid P protein] was determined in dose-response and time-course studies. The APRs differed from each other in their responses to IL-1 beta alone, IL-6 alone, and IL-1 beta plus IL-6. Dexamethasone enhanced the cytokine-driven induction of a subset of APR mRNAs. These studies detail the heterogeneity of the 'in vitro' acute-phase response to defined mediators.

Transition from interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) to IL-1 alpha production during maturation of inflammatory macrophages in vivo

Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/1992 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.92%
In situ production of interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and IL-1 beta was investigated in Peyer's patches (PP) of mice undergoing an acute bacterial infection with Yersinia enterocolitica O8. Synthesis of IL-1 beta, as determined by immunohistochemistry, was found primarily in monocytes migrating into the inflamed PP. In comparison, synthesis of IL-1 alpha was temporarily delayed by at least 24 h and was only found in mature macrophages, which did not produce detectable levels of IL-1 beta. This indicates a transition from IL-1 beta to IL-1 alpha production during maturation of monocytes into inflammatory macrophages, and further emphasizes a dichotomy between IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta.