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Avaliação dos fatores de sofrimento e prazer no trabalho em um centro de atenção psicossocial

Glanzner, Cecília Helena
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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O objeto de estudo desta pesquisa é a avaliação dos fatores de sofrimento e prazer no trabalho em um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial (CAPS), localizado em Foz do Iguaçu. O objetivo é avaliar os fatores de sofrimento no trabalho em uma equipe de um CAPS e identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento do sofrimento. Esta é uma pesquisa qualitativa do tipo estudo de caso, orientada pela metodologia de Avaliação de Quarta Geração, proposta por Guba e Lincoln e adaptada por Wetzel. Participaram do estudo dez profissionais da equipe do CAPS e, para coleta de dados, foram utilizadas observação e entrevistas individuais. A análise dos dados teve início simultâneo à coleta de dados, originando uma pré-análise. Na análise final, utilizou-se os passos de Minayo: ordenamento dos dados, classificação dos dados, análise final. No processo avaliativo, os trabalhadores demonstraram satisfação e realização com seu trabalho. Os fatores de sofrimento avaliados por eles referem-se às condições e formas de organização do processo de trabalho. A equipe pequena, o vínculo institucional do trabalhador e o número elevado de usuários que freqüentam diariamente o serviço são avaliados como fontes de sofrimento e vivenciados como sobrecarga de trabalho. Os trabalhadores avaliam seu trabalho como ampliado...

The role of the interaction coefficient in the prediction of the fiber orientation in planar injection moldings

Neves, N. M.; Pontes, A. J.; Pouzada, A. S.
Fonte: Society of Plastics Engineers Publicador: Society of Plastics Engineers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
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The mechanical properties of injection molded parts in glass reinforced materials are sensitive to processing. A successful design requires a good estimate of the product performance before production. Its performance is strongly affected by the fiber orientation field set up during processing. The fiber orientation pattern is complex and varies three-dimensionally in the moldings. Some commercial simulation programs already allow the prediction of the fiber orientation induced during the flow by the associated stress field. The results from the simulations are dependant on a parameter accounting for the interactions between fibers during the flow, known as the fiber interaction coefficient. This paper assesses how the interaction coefficient between neighboring fibers, CI, affects the fiber orientation pattern. This was achieved by comparing experimental data in center gated circular discs with C-Mold simulations.

Effect of the ration processing on the apparent digestibility values of nutrients for the piau (Leporinus elongatus)

Logato,Priscila Vieira Rosa; Albernaz,Norka da Silva; Ribeiro,Paula Adriane Perez; Freitas,Rilke Tadeu Fonseca de; Fialho,Elias Tadeu
Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 Português
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The experiment carried out at National Center for Research in Tropical Fish Pirassununga, SP, aiming to determine the effect of the ration processing on the apparent digestibility coefficients of the ingredients for the piau (L. elongatus). A total of 600 males of piau were utilized, allotted into six ponds of 300L. The applied treatments were: grinder processed ration, pelleting ration and extruded ration, utilizing rations with 32% crude protein and 3400 Kcal DE.Kg-1. The experiment was in a randomized blocks design with three treatments, three blocks and two replicates. The data were submitted to variance analysis by the SAEG computational package and the means of the treatments compared by SNK test (5% of significance). The results showed that there were significant differences among the digestibility coefficients of both protein and energy for the pelleted and extrused rations (P<0.05). The results showed no statistical differences for the apparent digestibility coefficient of the dry matter (P>0.05).

Modulation of auditory processing by cortico-cortical feed-forward and feedback projections

Tang, Jie; Suga, Nobuo
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The auditory center in the cerebrum, the auditory cortex, consists of multiple interconnected areas. The functional role of these interconnections is poorly understood. The auditory cortex of the mustached bat consists of at least nine areas, including the frequency modulation–frequency modulation (FF) and dorsal fringe (DF) areas. The FF and DF areas consist of neurons tuned to specific echo delays carrying target-distance information. The DF area is hierarchically at a higher level than the FF area. Here, we show that the feedback projection from the DF area to the FF area shifts the delay-tuning of FF neurons toward that of the stimulated DF neurons. In contrast, the feed-forward projection from the FF area to the DF area shifts the delay-tuning of DF neurons away from that of the stimulated FF neurons. The lateral projection within the DF area shifts the delay-tuning of DF neurons toward that of the stimulated DF neurons. In contrast, the lateral projection within the FF area shifts the delay-tuning of FF neurons away from that of the stimulated FF neurons. The delay-tuning shift evoked by the DF stimulation was 2.5 times larger than that evoked by the FF stimulation. Our data indicate that the FF–DF feed-forward and FF–FF lateral projections shape the highly selective neural representation of the tuning of the excited DF neurons...

Cultural Differences in Allocation of Attention in Visual Information Processing

Boduroglu, Aysecan; Shah, Priti; Nisbett, Richard E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Previous research has shown that when processing visual scenes, Westerners attend to salient objects and East Asians attend to the relationships between focal objects and background elements. It is possible that cross-cultural differences in attentional allocation contribute to these earlier findings. In this article, the authors investigate cultural differences in attentional allocation in two experiments, using a visual change detection paradigm. They demonstrate that East Asians are better than Americans at detecting color changes when a layout of a set of colored blocks is expanded to cover a wider region and worse when it is shrunk. East Asians are also slower than Americans are at detecting changes in the center of the screen. The data suggest that East Asians allocate their attention more broadly than Americans. The authors consider potential factors that may contribute to the development of such attention allocation differences.

Functional connectivity to a right hemisphere language center in prematurely born adolescents

Myers, Eliza H.; Hampson, Michelle; Vohr, Betty; Lacadie, Cheryl; Frost, Stephen J.; Pugh, Kenneth R.; Katz, Karol H.; Schneider, Karen C.; Makuch, Robert W.; Constable, R. Todd; Ment, Laura R.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Prematurely born children are at increased risk for language deficits at school age and beyond, but the neurobiological basis of these findings remains poorly understood. Thirty-one PT adolescents (600 – 1250 g birth weight) and 36 T controls were evaluated using an fMRI passive language task and neurodevelopmental assessments including: the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (WISC-III), the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R), the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing (CTOPP) and the Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) at 16 years of age. Neural activity was assessed for language processing and the data were evaluated for connectivity and correlations to cognitive outcomes. PT subjects scored significantly lower on all components of the WISC-III (p < 0.05) compared to term subjects, but there was no significant difference in PPVT-R scores between the groups. Functional connectivity (fcMRI) between Wernicke’s area (left BA 22) and the right supramarginal gyrus (BA 40) was increased in preterm subjects relative to term controls (p = 0.03), and the strength of this connection was inversely related to performance on both the PPVT-R (R2 = 0.553, p = 0.002), and the verbal comprehension index (R2 = 0.439...

Data Communications Using Guided Elastic Waves by Time Reversal Pulse Position Modulation: Experimental Study

Jin, Yuanwei; Ying, Yujie; Zhao, Deshuang
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/2013 Português
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In this paper, we present and demonstrate a low complexity elastic wave signaling and reception method to achieve high data rate communication on dispersive solid elastic media, such as metal pipes, using piezoelectric transducers of PZT (lead zirconate titanate). Data communication is realized using pulse position modulation (PPM) as the signaling method and the elastic medium as the communication channel. The communication system first transmits a small number of training pulses to probe the dispersive medium. The time-reversed probe signals are then utilized as the information carrying waveforms. Rapid timing acquisition of transmitted waveforms for demodulation over elastic medium is made possible by exploring the reciprocity property of guided elastic waves. The experimental tests were conducted using a National Instrument PXI system for waveform excitation and data acquisition. Data telemetry bit rates of 10 kbps, 20 kbps, 50 kbps and 100 kbps with the average bit error rates of 0, 5.75 x 10-4, 1.09 x 10-2 and 5.01 x 10-2, respectively, out of a total of 40, 000 transmitted bits were obtained when transmitting at the center frequency of 250 kHz and a 500 kHz bandwidth on steel pipe specimens. To emphasize the influence of time reversal...

A Role of ribosomal protein S5 in bridging ribosome biogenesis and translational fidelity

Roy-Chaudhuri, Biswajoy (1981 - ); Culver, Gloria M.
Fonte: Universidade de Rochester Publicador: Universidade de Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xiii, 234 leaves
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Biology, 2010.; S5 is a ribosomal small subunit (30S; SSU) protein linked functionally to the translational center of the ribosome. To investigate the role of S5 in ribosome biogenesis, a unique mutation (G28D) was selected based on the ability to confer cold-sensitivity and spectinomycin resistance to Escherichia coli (E. coli). The mutation (G28D) in S5 resulted in an increased ratio of free subunits to 70S ribosomes and accumulation of precursor SSUs, both characteristics of defects in the SSU biogenesis cascade. Additionally, the mutation also decreased translational fidelity thus conferring a ribosome ambiguity (ram) phenotype. While mutations in S5 have previously been linked to changes in translational fidelity, we propose a novel role of S5 in this process. Based on X-ray crystallography, an induced fit model has been proposed that elegantly explains the effects of previous S5 and S4 ram on translational fidelity but fails to explain the ram phenotype of S5(G28D). This suggests that translational fidelity can be modulated in multiple ways. In an attempt to understand the roles of S5 in these essential cellular functions, we selected extragenic suppressors and identified RimJ as a high copy suppressor of the cold-sensitive phenotype associated with the S5(G28D) mutation. Further studies indicate that RimJ overexpression not only suppressed the growth defects and anomalous ribosome profiles but also the defects in fidelity exhibited by the S5(G28D) mutant strain. Although previously characterized as the N-acetyltransferase of S5...

Effect of the ration processing on the apparent digestibility values of nutrients for the piau (Leporinus elongatus)

Fonte: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras Publicador: Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.56%
The experiment carried out at National Center for Research in Tropical Fish Pirassununga, SP, aiming to determine the effect of the ration processing on the apparent digestibility coefficients of the ingredients for the piau (L. elongatus). A total of 600 males of piau were utilized, allotted into six ponds of 300L. The applied treatments were: grinder processed ration, pelleting ration and extruded ration, utilizing rations with 32% crude protein and 3400 Kcal DE.Kg-1. The experiment was in a randomized blocks design with three treatments, three blocks and two replicates. The data were submitted to variance analysis by the SAEG computational package and the means of the treatments compared by SNK test (5% of significance). The results showed that there were significant differences among the digestibility coefficients of both protein and energy for the pelleted and extrused rations (P<0.05). The results showed no statistical differences for the apparent digestibility coefficient of the dry matter (P>0.05).

Establishing a Tracking System to Monitor Reconstruction Expenditures

Fahmi, A. Zaki; McKeon, Jock
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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In the aftermath of major humanitarian crises, whether caused by natural disasters or conflicts, the international community is increasingly pledging larger amounts of aid to help rebuild devastated regions. At the same time, recipient agencies are called upon to increase the level of accountability and transparency to ensure that the resources they manage are well spent. Large amounts of funding to handle, the need for greater accountability and the increased pressure to improve aid effectiveness intensifies the necessity for reliable information. A tracking system to monitor reconstruction expenditures should monitor all stages of post-crisis reconstruction financial flows, from the initial stage when donors pledge money to actual budget appropriations, and finally to the tracking of disbursements on actual projects. The advantages of such a tracking system are multiple. It enables actors to allocate appropriate funds where it is most needed and to avoid duplications, in terms of both, sector needs and geographic location. Such a system also allows agencies to detect problems early on and to take corrective action as needed...

Hidden Markov Tree Modeling of Complex Wavelet Transforms

Choi, Hyeokho; Romberg, Justin; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Kingsbury, Nicholas G.; Choi, Hyeokho; Romberg, Justin; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Kingsbury, Nicholas G.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Conference paper
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Conference Paper; Multiresolution signal and image models such as the hidden Markov tree aim to capture the statistical structure of smooth and singular (edgy) regions. Unfortunately, models based on the orthogonal wavelet transform suffer from shift-variance, making them less accurate and realistic. In this paper, we extend the HMT modeling framework to the complex wavelet transform, which features near shift-invariance and improved angular resolution compared to the standard wavelet transform. The model is computationally efficient (with linear-time computation and processing algorithms) and applicable to general Bayesian inference problems as a prior density for the data. In a simple estimation experiment, the complex wavelet HMT model outperforms a number of high-performance denoising algorithms, including redundant wavelet thresholding (cycle spinning) and the redundant HMT.

Arithmetic Acceleration Techniques for Wireless Communication Receivers

Das, Suman; Rajagopal, Sridhar; Sengupta, Chaitali; Cavallaro, Joseph R.; Das, Suman; Rajagopal, Sridhar; Sengupta, Chaitali; Cavallaro, Joseph R.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Conference paper
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Conference paper; We develop techniques to accelerate the implementation of the next generation wireless communication algorithms in hardware. We discuss an implementation of a key computationally intensive baseband algorithm for joint multiuser channel estimation and detection for this purpose and study its real-time requirements. An analysis of the bottlenecks present in the algorithm is made. We present an acceleration technique using task decomposition to take advantage of the existing pipelining and parallelism flow in the algorithm. We show that an application specific system design with multiple processing elements is more effective than the conventional single processor approach as it can satisfy the high data rate requirements of the next generation wireless communication systems. Our analysis is done independent of the final mapping of the processing elements in hardware.

Architectural, Numerical and Implementation Issues in the VLSI Design of an Integrated CORDIC-SVD Processor

Kota, Kishore; Kota, Kishore
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Masters Thesis; The Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) is an important matrix factorization with applications in signal processing, image processing and robotics. This thesis presents some of the issues involved in the design of an array of special-purpose processors connected in a mesh, for fast real time computation of the SVD. The systolic array implements the Jacobi method for the SVD. This involves plane rotations and inverse tangent calculations and is implemented efficiently in hardware using the Coordinate Rotation Digital Computer (CORDIC) technique. A six chip custom VLSI chip set for the processor was initially developed and tested. This helped identify several bottlenecks and led to an improved design of the single chip version. The single chip implementation incorporates several enhancements that provide greater numerical accuracy. An enhanced architecture which reduces communication was developed within the constraints imposed by VLSI. The chips were fabricated in a 2.0 micron CMOS n-well process using a semicustom design style. The design cycle for future chips can be considerably reduced by adopting a symbolic layout style using high-level VLSI tools such as Octtools from the University of California, Berkeley. Previous architectures for CORDIC processors provided log n bits to guard n bits from truncation errors. A detailed error analysis of the CORDIC iterations indicates that extra guard bits are required to guarantee n bits of precision. In addition...

A programmable baseband processor design for software defined radios

Rajagopal, Sridhar; Rixner, Scott; Cavallaro, Joseph R.; Rajagopal, Sridhar; Rixner, Scott; Cavallaro, Joseph R.
Fonte: IEEE Publicador: IEEE
Tipo: Conference paper
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Conference Paper; Future wireless systems need extremely fast and flexible architectures to support varying standards, algorithms and protocols with data rates in the range of 10-100 Mbps. Software Defined Radios (SDRs) based on DSP-FPGAs are a widely proposed solution for these systems. However, these SDR solutions have not been able to meet real-time requirements. We propose a programmable architecture solution for SDRs using a stream-based architecture based on the Imagine media processor. The configurable Imagine simulator allows us to investigate issues such as memory bottlenecks, number and type of functional units needed, and the utilization of those functional units. To evaluate stream-based architectures for baseband processing, we parallelize and implement sophisticated baseband algorithms including multiuser estimation, multiuser detection and Viterbi decoding on this simulator. We present the bottlenecks in such a stream-based architecture for efficient communications processing. Comparisons with current generation DSP-based solutions show orders-of-magnitude performance improvements, both due to the stream-based nature of computations as well as the increase in the number of functional units having a high utilization factor. The result is a baseband processor designed with broad system functionality and flexibility that approaches real-time performance for future wireless systems.

Reconfigurable stream processors for wireless base-stations

Rajagopal, Sridhar; Rixner, Scott; Cavallaro, Joseph R.; Rajagopal, Sridhar; Rixner, Scott; Cavallaro, Joseph R.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Relatório
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Tech Report; This paper presents the design and use of reconfigurable stream processors for the physical layer processing in wireless base-stations. Stream processors, traditionally used for high performance media processing, use clusters of functional units to provide support for hundreds of functional units in a programmable architecture. We provide hardware support for reconfiguration in stream processors, enabling them to be power-efficient by adapting to the compute requirements of the application. We demonstrate the real-time implementation of a 32-user wireless base-station, employing multiuser channel estimation, multiuser detection and Viterbi decoding physical layer algorithms, supporting a data rate of 128 Kbps/user. The reconfigurable stream processor runs at 1.2 GHz and has an estimated power consumption of 12.38 W at full workload. However, basestations rarely operate at full capacity. When the base-station workload decreases, the reconfigurable stream processor adapts the number of clusters, functional units, voltage and frequency dynamically for power efficiency. When the application workload changes to 4 users, the reconfiguration support reduces the power to 300 mW at 433 MHz, providing a 41.27X decrease in power consumption. The cluster reconfiguration yields an additional 15-85% power savings over a stream processor with dynamic voltage and frequency scaling.

A Multifractal Wavelet Model with Application to Network Traffic

Riedi, Rudolf H.; Crouse, Matthew; Ribeiro, Vinay Joseph; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Riedi, Rudolf H.; Crouse, Matthew; Ribeiro, Vinay Joseph; Baraniuk, Richard G.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Journal Paper; In this paper, we develop a new multiscale modeling framework for characterizing positive-valued data with long-range-dependent correlations (1/f noise). Using the Haar wavelet transform and a special multiplicative structure on the wavelet and scaling coefficients to ensure positive results, the model provides a rapid O(N) cascade algorithm for synthesizing N-point data sets. We study both the second-order and multifractal properties of the model, the latter after a tutorial overview of multifractal analysis. We derive a scheme for matching the model to real data observations and, to demonstrate its effectiveness, apply the model to network traffic synthesis. The flexibility and accuracy of the model and fitting procedure result in a close fit to the real data statistics (variance-time plots and moment scaling) and queuing behavior. Although for illustrative purposes we focus on applications in network traffic modeling, the multifractal wavelet model could be useful in a number of other areas involving positive data, including image processing, finance, and geophysics.

Hierarchical Wavelet-Based Image Model for Pattern Analysis and Synthesis

Scott, Clayton; Nowak, Robert David; Scott, Clayton; Nowak, Robert David
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Conference paper
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Conference Paper; Despite their success in other areas of statistical signal processing, current wavelet-based image models are inadequate for modeling patterns in images, due to the presence of unknown transformations (e.g., translation, rotation, scaling) inherent in most pattern observations. In this paper we introduce a hierarchical wavelet-based framework for modeling patterns in digital images. This framework takes advantage of the efficient image representations afforded by wavelets, while accounting for unknown pattern transformations. Given a trained model, we can use this framework to synthesize pattern observations. If the model parameters are unknown, we can infer them from labeled training data using TEMPLAR (Template Learning from Atomic Representations), a novel template learning algorithm with linear complexity. TEMPLAR employs minimum description length (MDL) complexity regularization to learn a template with a sparse representation in the wavelet domain. We illustrate template learning with examples, and discuss how TEMPLAR applies to pattern classification and denoising from multiple, unaligned observations.

Development of Digital Signal Processor controlled Quantum Cascade Laser based Trace Gas Sensor Technology

So, Stephen; Wysocki, Gerard; Frantz, Patrick; Tittel, Frank K.; So, Stephen; Wysocki, Gerard; Frantz, Patrick; Tittel, Frank K.
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Journal Paper; This work reports the design and integration of a custom digital signal processor (DSP) system into a pulsed quantum cascade laser (QCL) based trace gas sensor to improve its portability, robustness and operating performance. Specifically, this work describes the implementation of a custom prototype DSP data acquisition/system controller based on the Texas Instruments TMS320F2812 for embedded control and processing. In addition, the sensor incorporates oversampling by taking advantage of the high speed conversion capabilities of the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) which is embedded in the DSP. A carbon monoxide (CO) sensor employing a thermoelectrically (TE) cooled, pulsed 4.6 µm distributed feedback (DFB) QCL as a mid-infrared radiation source is used to evaluate the performance characteristics of such a DSP controlled spectroscopic gas sensor.

ADAPTIVE OPTICS IMAGING OF THE TEMPORAL RAPHE IN NORMAL AND GLAUCOMATOUS SUBJECTS

Huang, Gang
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
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Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Optometry, 2015; Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO) allows high-resolution in vivo imaging of the retina. It provides us a new way to observe and measure the RNFL in vivo. Especially, it opens a possibility of imaging the RNFL in the temporal raphe which can be affected in early glaucoma. The main objective of this thesis is to use an AOSLO to observe and measure the RNFL in the temporal raphe in both normal and glaucomatous subjects. To do this, we first improved the AOSLO imaging with the following efforts: 1) A novel adaptive optics (AO) image processing algorithm was developed to improve the contrast of AO images. 2) A clinical planning module was developed to enhance the data acquisition efficiency, especially for large-scale RNFL imaging. With the improved AOSLO imaging, we investigated the temporal raphe in young healthy subjects. Moreover, we evaluated changes of the RNFL in the temporal retina between patients with glaucoma and age-similar controls. The results shed light on the generalization that has been drawn about the retinal anatomy. We found that the temporal raphe was not a perfect horizontal dividing line. Its angle varied between individuals but was related to the optic disc position. The angle between the temporal raphe and the line that connects the fovea and the center of optic disc was about 170 degrees on average. The temporal raphe changed with aging and glaucoma. Aging increased the separation between nerve fiber bundles in superior and inferior retina...

Track score processing of multiple dissimilar sensors

Patsikas, Dimitrios
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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In this thesis, a data fusion problem when a number of different types of sensors are deployed in the vicinity of a ballistic missile launch is studied. An objective of this thesis is to calculate a scoring function for each sensor track, and the track file with the best (optimum) track score can then be used for guiding an interceptor to the threat within the boost phase. Seven active ground-based radars, two space-based passive infrared sensors and two active light detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensors are used to track the ballistic missile in the boost phase. Each space-based platform carries one passive infrared sensor and one LIDAR. For the threat scenario, an IMPULSE intercontinental ballistic missile model is used to create the trajectory of a generic ballistic threat. The IMPULSE model is developed by the National Air and Space Intelligence Center to provide an accurate representation of ballistic missiles. Each sensor provides a track of the missile in the boost phase by using a multiple hypotheses tracking algorithm with an extended Kalman filter. The calculation of the track scoring function is to identify the sensor with the best track file. A track score is calculated for each sensor based on the kinematics of the missile flight parameters and the signal-to-noise ratio at the sensor. By using likelihood ratios...