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Refugee resettlement in the EU : between shared standards and diversity in legal and policy frames

PERRIN, Delphine; MCNAMARA, Frank
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
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The report presents and compares frameworks and policies relating to refugee resettlement in EU Member States. The time-frame of the report is the last decade, i.e. 2003 to 2013. It is based on the research conducted for the Know Reset Project and extensively uses the interviews with different stakeholders involved in refugee resettlement in the EU, which make valuable contribution to the understanding of Member States’ options and policies in the domain of refugee resettlement. This report firstly seeks to present and explain the evolution of EU Member States’ commitment in resettlement during the last decade by linking it to relevant related initiatives at international (UNHCR) and EU levels, most importantly in 2007/2008 and 2011/2012. The report secondly presents and compares the content of resettlement-related frameworks and policies in EU Member States, and seeks to analyse them in light of common standards and priorities developed by the UNHCR and the EU. Last, the report tries to clarify the apparent dichotomy between resettlement and intra-EU relocation and the ambiguous relation between the two processes, which may raise priority issues in refugee protection burden-sharing.; KNOW RESET - Building Knowledge for a Concerted and Sustainable Approach to Refugee Resettlement in the EU and its Member States; KNOW RESET is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union.

The politics of judging EU law : a new approach to national courts in the legal integration of Europe

MAYORAL DÍAZ-ASENSIO, Juan Antonio
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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This research aims to present a comprehensive analysis of the political and institutional processes that are at work in the judicial application of EU law on a national level. As a main novelty, the research intends to go beyond judicial behaviour models that focus predominantly on explaining the use of preliminary references. One could namely suggest that the way national courts participate in the preliminary reference procedure is not sufficient to assess the available modes for the judicial integration of Europe. Accordingly, the study considers the impact of political institutional and attitudinal factors affecting the judicial enforcement of EU law. This is done by posing new questions, for instance, the relevance of national judges’ preferences towards EU legal order and institutions, as well as by evaluating and reviewing the impact of political and legal institutions on their behaviour and its consequences for policy areas. First of all, the analysis confirms the influence of judges’ evaluation of EU institutions and their national counterparts on their self-perception as EU judges and, subsequently, in the application of EU law. Secondly, the study shows how national institutions, like governments and national high courts...

Litigation and arbitration in EU competition law

CISOTTA, Roberto; MARQUIS, Mel
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
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This chapter introduces the proceedings from a conference organized by the authors in Rome in November 2013. The conference was motivated by two principal considerations. First, in the last decade, the role of national courts in competition-related litigation has been significantly enhanced and deepened, due in part to the effects of EU legislation. This legislation, combined with the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice, have entrusted national courts with a central role in the application of EU competition law. In this light, the first objective of the conference was to survey a variety of issues arising where competition law cases are litigated. As discussed, the competition law issues litigated in Europe arise in diverse contexts, of which private suits for damages are only one recent example. The second principal aim of the conference was to explore a set of issues where published research has been sparse and incomplete: the application of EU competition law by arbitrators. Like national courts, arbitrators have been affected in important ways by the ‘modernization’ of the enforcement of EU competition law. Indeed, the reformed framework that took effect in 2004, together with jurisprudence of the Court of Justice concerning the arbitrability of EU law issues...

The time has come to look at Brazil : the EU’s shift from interregional negotiations with MERCOSUR to a bilateral Strategic Partnership with Brazil

MEISSNER, Katharina L.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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In 2007, the EU launched a Strategic Partnership with Brazil despite the EU’s commitment to multilateralism and despite the long-lasting interregional relationship between the EU and MERCOSUR since 1995. By singling out Brazil, the EU shifted from the EU-MERCOSUR interregional negotiations on an Association Agreement (1999-2004) to a bilateral track. In view of the EU’s inconsistency in multilateral, interregional, and bilateral approaches towards South America, the paper will analyze why the EU shifted to a Strategic Partnership, and it will compare the interregional negotiations (1999-2004) with the bilateral talks with Brazil (since 2007). The comparative analysis will rely on original data from 29 semi-structured elite interviews conducted in Brussels, Belgium, and Montevideo, Uruguay, and on grey literature and the news portal Mercopress. The paper argues that the EU switched from interregional to bilateral talks because it feared losing Brazil to its competitors, the U.S. and China. In its endeavor to prevent this loss, when interregional negotiations seemed fruitless because of MERCOSUR’s increasing fragmentation, the EU privileged Brazil as a strategic partner. Although the EU has committed itself to supporting regional integration in South America...

Expanding the EU internal market without enlarging the Union : constitutional limitations

ÖBERG, Marja-Liisa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf; digital
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One of the most significant roles of the EU in the world is that of being a norms exporter. The EU has concluded numerous agreements with countries in its neighbourhood with the aim of encouraging third countries to adopt EU acquis in exchange for access to the internal market. The most ambitious of these agreements are the three multilateral agreements establishing the European Economic Area, the Energy Community and the European Common Aviation Area, respectively. The common feature of these agreements is the aim of extending to third countries either the entire internal market or a sector thereof. Achieving this objective is, however, challenged by the difficulty of circumscribing precisely the scope of the internal market and delimiting it from other EU policies, the sui generis nature of the EU legal order and the proclaimed need to protect its autonomy. An analysis of the concept of the internal market, the EU’s foundational principles and the institutions and procedures in place in the EU and in the three agreements for achieving and maintaining homogeneity within the expanded internal market reveals that it is, indeed, possible to extend the internal market to third countries. However, the level of homogeneity in the expanded market depends heavily on the goodwill of third country decision-­-makers...

The 2009 Annual Economic Report on the EU fishing fleet

ANDERSON JOHN
Fonte: European Commission Publicador: European Commission
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
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The 2009 Annual Economic Report (AER) of the EU fishing fleet is the most recent compilation of statistics on the economic performance of EU member states (MS) fishing fleets. The economic data used in this publication is collected within the framework of the Data Collection Regulation (DCR); cf. Council Regulation (EC) No 1543/2000 of 29 June 2000. This report presents a detailed economic and structural overview of each MS fishing fleet. Economic performance projections for a number of EU fleet segments of key importance are included, as is the latest information on EU fish prices and price trends. Results suggest that the total income generated by the EU fishing fleet was around 7,650 million euros in 2007, a marginal increase compared with previous years. While the number of vessels decreased in most MS between 2002 and 2007, fleet capacity, measured in kW and GT, decreased at a much slower pace. Employment in EU fisheries has also decreased significantly - in 2007 there was around 140,000 fishers employed in the EU fish catching sector. Fishing effort also decreased in most MS fleets. Most fish prices improved between 2002 and 2007, which helped keep landings values steady in the face of declining landings volumes. Overall, the EU fishing fleet was profitable in 2007. Profitability...

The EU sovereign debt crisis: potential effects on EU banking systems and policy options

ZEDDA Stefano; CARIBONI Jessica; MARCHESI Massimo; PETRACCO GIUDICI Marco; SALTO Matteo
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
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This paper aims at investigating some of the critical issues highlighted by the sovereign debt crisis in European Union Member States. The goal is twofold: 1) Quantify, via a development of the SYMBOL model here firstly presented, the impact in terms of higher risk for the EU banking systems of haircuts of sovereign debts of some EU MS, which have been particularly touched by the sovereign crisis; 2) evaluate and compare the policy options which have been adopted to address the issue. In particular the analysis compares the measures within the Basel III Accord, which increases the quality and quantity of capital that banks should set aside to cover from unexpected losses, with the agreement on bank recapitalisation and funding reached by the European Council in October 2011, which responded to the urgent consequences of the sovereign bonds crisis in the EU. The analysis is performed on 65 of the large EU banking groups identified by the European Banking Authority, via a futher development of the SYMBOL model that allows estimating the banks PD without Monte Carlo simulations. Results show that the haircuts on sovereign debts of EU MS in crisis would heavily worsen the stability of their banking systems but could also sometimes affect financial stability of other EU countries. We also show that the creation of a temporary capital buffer in the form of a capital target...

Incorporation of Eu(III) into Hydrotalcite: A TRLFS and EXAFS Study

STUMPF Th.; CURTIUS Hilde; WALTHER C.; DARDENNE K.; UFER K.; FANGHAENEL Thomas
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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The behavior of radionuclides in the environment (geo-, hydro-, and biosphere) is determined by interface reactions like adsorption, ion exchange, and incorporation processes. Presently, operational gross parameters for the distribution between solution and minerals are available. For predictive modeling of the radionuclide mobility in such systems, however, individual reactions and processes need to be localized, characterized, and quantified. A prerequisite for localization and clarification of the concerned processes is the use of modern advanced analytical and speciation methods, especially spectroscopy. In this study, Eu(III) was chosen as an analogue for trivalent actinides to identify the different species that occur by the Ln(III)/hydrotalcite interaction. Therefore, Eu(III) doped Mg-Al-Clhydrotalcite was synthesized and investigated by TRLFS, EXAFS, and XRD measurements. Two different Eu/hydrotalcite species were obtained. The minor part of the lanthanide is found to be inner-sphere sorbed onto the mineral surface, while the dominating Eu/hydrotalcite species consists of Eu(III) that is incorporated into the hydrotalcite lattice. Both Eu/hydrotalcite species have been characterized by their fluorescence emission spectra and lifetimes. Structural parameters of the incorporated Eu(III) species determined by EXAFS indicate a coordination number of 6.6 ( 1.3 and distances of 2.41 ( 0.02 Å for the first Eu-OH shell.; JRC.E-Institute for Transuranium Elements (Karlsruhe)

Advances in the development of common noise assessment methods in Europe: The CNOSSOS-EU framework for strategic environmental noise mapping

KEPHALOPOULOS Stylianos; PAVIOTTI Marco; ANFOSSO-LÉDÉE Fabienne; VAN MAERCKE Dirk; SHILTON Simon; JONES Nigel
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Online
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The Environmental Noise Directive (2002/49/EC) requires EU Member States to determine the exposure to environmental noise through strategic noise mapping and to elaborate action plans in order to reduce noise pollution, where necessary. A common framework for noise assessment methods (CNOSSOS-EU) has been developed by the European Commission in co-operation with the EU Member States to be applied for strategic noise mapping as required by the Environment Noise Directive (2002/49/EC). CNOSSOS-EU represents a harmonised and coherent approach to assess noise levels from the main sources of noise (road traffic, railway traffic, aircraft and industrial) across Europe. This paper describes the process behind the development of CNOSSOS-EU, and outlines the parts of the CNOSSOS-EU core methodological framework which were developed during phase A of the CNOSSOS-EU process (2010-2012), while focusing on the main scientific and technical issues that were addressed, and the implementation challenges that are being faced before it can become fully operational in the EU MS.; JRC.I.1-Chemical Assessment and Testing

Electric vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014 - is full scale commercialisation near?

THIEL CHRISTIAN; KRAUSE JETTE; DILARA Panagiota
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
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As a means of reducing the climate impact of transport as well as local air pollution, electrification of the road vehicle fleet is a much-discussed option. In the past years, many electric vehicle models have been introduced to the EU market. On the basis of the monitoring databases for the implementation of Regulation EC No 443/2009 and Regulation EU No 510/2011 we have analysed EV deployment in the EU in the past five years. We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014. The number of registrations and also the EV share, albeit still small compared to the total vehicle market, has increased steadily in the EU. This trend continued in the first half of 2015. The demand for EV has been fostered by various incentive schemes in different EU member states (MS). The numbers of EV registrations and market shares in the MS align well with the level of financial support for EV buyers. This seems to indicate that policies remain to be needed in order to overcome market barriers for the EV deployment at this moment in time. When comparing EV deployment in Europe to other regions of the world...

Renewable energy research 1995-2009: a case study of wind power research in EU, Spain, Germany and Denmark

Sanz Casado, Elías; García Zorita, Carlos; Serrano-López, Antonio Eleazar; Larsen, Birger; Ingwersen, Peter
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2013 Português
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The paper reports the developments and citation patterns over three time periods of research on Renewable Energy generation and Wind Power 1995&-2011 in EU, Spain, Germany and Denmark. Analyses are based on Web of Science and incorporate journal articles as well as conference proceeding papers. Scientometric indicators include publication collaboration ratios, top-player distribution as well as citedness and correspondence analyses of citing publications, relative citation impact, distributions of top-cited as well as top-citing institutions and publication sources and cluster analysis of citing title terms to map knowledge export areas. Findings show an increase in citation impact for Renewable Energy and Wind Power research albeit hampered by scarcely cited conference papers. Although EU maintains its global top position in producing Renewable Energy and Wind Power research the developments of EU and German world shares as well as citation impact are negative during the most recent 7 year period. During the same time the citation impact of Spain and Denmark increase and place both nations among the top-ranking countries in Wind Power research. Spain is the only EU country that increases its world production share from 2000. China is currently ranked three after EU and USA in research output...

Is Lack of Space a Limiting Factor for the Development of Aquaculture in EU Coastal Areas?

HOFHERR Johann; NATALE Fabrizio; TRUJILLO Pablo
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
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This study examines the spatial occupancy of marine finfish aquaculture in the European Union (EU), identifies geographical clusters and administrative areas where cage aquaculture development is particularly significant and provides evidence on the interactions between aquaculture and the touristic use of the coastline. Despite the increasing demand for seafood in the EU, its aquaculture is not expanding at the same rate (FAO, 2014), and the low number of new licences issued in recent years is a clear sign of the difficulties of the sector to expand. In this study, Google Earth satellite images and GIS methods were used to map and analyse spatial properties of marine finfish aquaculture sites in the EU. The analysis covers ten member states (Cyprus, Spain, France, Greece, Croatia, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, United Kingdom) representing around 95% of EU marine finfish aquaculture production by volume, and Turkey. The results indicate that existing marine aquaculture sites occupy around 230 hectares (ha) in Greece, and 34 ha in UK, which represent respectively 28% and 44% of EU marine finfish production by volume. Considering these very low figures of occupied surface, it is difficult to imagine that the expansion of marine aquaculture in the EU would be constrained by a lack of space in absolute terms. Limitations to growth may be better explained by the competition for space which takes place at the local level with more established coastal economic activities. To examine in particular the interactions with the touristic use of the coastline...

Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) – The 2015 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-15-07).

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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In 2013, the EU fishing fleet numbered 83,734 vessels with a combined gross tonnage (GT) of 1.6 million tonnes and engine power of 6.5 million kilowatts (kW). EU fleet capacity has continued to decrease steadily, with an average annual decrease of 2% in terms of vessel numbers and kW and 3% in terms of GT. Based on DCF data, there were 65,363 vessels active and 18,371 inactive vessels. Of the active vessels, 74% were small-scale, 26% were large-scale and less than 1% were distant-water vessels. Direct employment generated by the fleet amounted to just over 149,000 fishers, corresponding to 110,000 FTEs (excl. Cyprus). The total income earned by the EU fishing fleet in 2013 (excl. Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece and Malta) was estimated at €6.9 billion. As in previous years, the major cost items were labour and energy, representing 37% and 27% of total operating costs, respectively. The amount of Gross Value Added (GVA) and gross profit (all excl. subsidies) generated by the EU fishing fleet (excl. Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece and Malta) in 2013 was €3.4 billion and €1.3 billion, respectively. GVA as a proportion of total revenue was estimated at 49% and gross profit margin at 20%. With a total net profit of €506 million for the EU fleet in 2013...

The EU arms embargo on China, from 2001 to the present implications for the United States

Carlson, Jano R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 93 p. ;
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Since 2001, the status of the EU arms embargo on China has had important implications for the United States. As an issue in the U.S.-EU, China-EU, and China-U.S. bilateral relationships, the status of the embargo has both been perpetuated and weakened by issues relating to security, human rights, and trade. The embargo debate continues to raise awareness on these issues as well as on competing interests and concerns over the true intent of an EU-China strategic partnership. American security interests would be negatively affected if the EU were to lift the embargo. The strategic implications of such an action would disrupt the current regional balances of power and potentially raise the probability of conflict. The EU has great economic interest in lifting the embargo in terms of gains in total trade, weapons sales, and the export of dual-use technology. However, American pressure and increased popular awareness on human rights issues within the EU have affected the EU's decision-making about the embargo. Formal and concerted efforts to lift the embargo stalled in 2005, but it remains in Washington's interest to continue to discourage EU governments from making shortsighted efforts to obtain financial gains without first considering long-term strategic implications.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author

The 2014 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard

HERNANDEZ GUEVARA Hector; HERVAS SORIANO FERNANDO; TUEBKE Alexander; DOSSO MAFINI; VEZZANI ANTONIO; AMOROSO SARA; GRASSANO NICOLA
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The 2014 "EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard" (the Scoreboard) contains economic and financial data for the world's top 2500 companies ranked by their investments in Research and Development (R&D). The sample contains 633 companies based in the EU and 1867 companies based elsewhere. The Scoreboard data are drawn from the latest available companies' accounts, i.e. usually the fiscal year 2013/14. Key findings of the 2014 Scoreboard comprise: - The world top 2500 R&D investors continued to increase their investment in R&D (4.9%), well above the growth of net sales (2.7%). The 633 EU companies increased R&D by 2.6% and decreased sales by 1.9%. - Volkswagen leads the global ranking for the second consecutive year, showing again a remarkable increase of R&D (23.4%, up to €11.7bn). Second continues to be Samsung, showing also an impressive R&D increase of 25.4%. - EU companies in the automobile sector, accounting for one quarter of the total EU’s R&D, continued to increase significantly their R&D (6.2%). This reflects the good performance of automobiles companies based in Germany (9.7%) that account for three quarters of this sector’s R&D in the EU. - The poor R&D performance of EU companies in high-tech sectors such as Pharmaceuticals (0.9%) and Technology Hardware and equipment (-5.4%) weighed down the total R&D increase of the EU sample. The overall amount invested in R&D by EU companies in high-tech sectors represents 40% of the amount invested by their US counterparts and the gap between the two company samples is increasing with time.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

Proceedings of Workshop on Euro-Med Association Agreements: Agricultural Trade - Regional Impacts in the EU

Fonte: European Commission DG JRC Publicador: European Commission DG JRC
Tipo: Books Formato: Online
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Through the 6th FP the Commission supports research projects aiming to provide policy tools to assess regional and multilateral trade integration. The workshop, jointly organised by DG RTD, DG JRC-IPTS and DG AGRI, provided a comprehensive overview of the current status of the Euro-Med agricultural trade agreements and the ongoing EU-financed research projects analysing the economic impacts of the agreements. It was organized in four parts. i) European Commission perspective L. Bochereau (RTD) presented the objectives of the Community Research Programmes with special regard to the Research in Support of International Negotiations. E. Bokias (AGRI) gave an overview on the requirements for analysis tools for world agriculture and trade. Per Sørup (JRC-IPTS) explained the mission of DG JRC-IPTS to provide customer-driven support to the EU policy-making process. A. Bassols (RELEX) pointed out that the EU is an example of successful regional integration, which can be exported and promoted. C. Rames (TRADE) stressed the importance of developing South-South trade in the context of regional integration. A. Asbil (AGRI) stressed that the complexity of the Euro-Med agricultural trade relations is further compounded by water scarcity in the region...

Democratising the EU from below? : citizenship, civil society and the public sphere

Fonte: Ashgate Publicador: Ashgate
Tipo: Livro
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For the European Union of the 21st century, the search for sustainable prosperity and stability includes the challenge of reconciling democratic ideals and practices with the construction of a European constitutional order. From the 2001 Laeken Summit to the 2009 Lisbon Treaty and beyond EU leaders have repeatedly set out to bring citizens closer to EU governance by making it more democratic and effective yet several national ratification referendums have shown that publics are divided about whether and why to endorse or veto complex EU reform packages imposed from the top down. Despite these limitations people do effectively engage in the making of a European polity. By initiating national court proceedings active citizens are promoting fundamental European rights in Member States' practices. As party members they contribute to shaping mass media communication about, and national publics' understanding of, European political alternatives. As civil society activists citizens help build social networks for contesting certain EU reforms or advocating others. Last but not least, as voters in national and European elections they choose between competing party visions, and national parliamentary stances regarding the role of democratic citizenship. This original contribution to the debate about democratic citizenship vis-à-vis the challenges of economic globalization and European political integration presents critical explorations of different fields of direct...

EU Cooperation Challenges in External Migration Policy

WEINAR, Agnieszka
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Improving EU and US Immigration Systems' Capacity for Responding to Global Challenges: Learning from experiences; International cooperation on migration is a major challenge for sovereign States in bilateral relations: the inherent contrasting interests between receiving and sending countries put obstacles in the way of bilateral satisfaction and require extra political involvement to overcome any differences. The same cooperation when developed by a supranational organization like the EU1 is even more challenging, as bilateral tensions are topped off with tensions between the national and supranational level. The EU has developed its Global Approach to Migration as a possible way to establish comprehensive cooperation with non-EU partners from the East and the South on a whole range of migration issues, including the fight against irregular migration, legal migration, migration and development, and asylum policy. The approach also had a coordinating effect for internal EU policymaking. There have been, however, four main challenges hampering this policy domain: 1) the limited ability of the EU to define its migration policy with its 27 sovereign States; 2) tensions between the national and supranational level in the EU as regards international cooperation on migration; 3) the diverging interests and priorities of sending regions and/or partner countries; 4) the limited implementation capacities of the EU and its Member States...

Law and governance in the institutional organisation of EU financial services: The Lamfalussy procedure and the single supervisor revisited

CHATZIMANOLI, Despina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Defence date: 9 March 2009; Examining Board: Prof. Gráinne De Búrca, EUI- Fordham Law School- Harvard Law School (Supervisor) Prof. Marise Cremona, EUI (Internal Advisor) Prof. Takis Tridimas, Financial Law Unit, Queen Mary, University of London Prof. Niamh Moloney, London School of Economics and Political Science- Financial Markets Group, University of London; Financial markets help allocate capital efficiently across the economy, thereby boosting economic growth- hence the salience of the creation of a single market in financial services within the EU single market project. Nevertheless, despite the EU's financial regulatory programme, it appears that a fully-fledged single European financial market is yet to be achieved. According to some, the substantive context of EU financial regulation is partially to account for this failure. More recently, though, both in policy and academic circles, the focus has been shifting towards the governance of EU financial law. Within this context, this thesis analyses the institutional arrangements for EU financial market regulation and supervision - crystallized in the so-called Lamfalussy framework- and explores the potential and problems of the prospect of institutional consolidation (in the form of one or more EU financial authorities) as an alternative to that framework. The debate...

'Weaving a silver thread' : human rights coherence in EU foreign affairs and counter-terrorism

GOLABEK, Michal
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Defence date: 21 January 2013; Examining Board: Professor Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann, European University Institute (Supervisor); Professor Marise Cremona, European University Institute; Professor Alan Rosas, Judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union; Professor Christophe Hillion, University of Leiden and Stockholm University.; Human rights are among the chief values on which the EU is ‘founded’ (Art. 6 TEU) and which it seeks to promote through its external relations (Art. 21 TEU). Coherence with values is a significant rhetorical tool which is used, on the one hand, to justify the development of new policies and instruments, and, on the other hand, to challenge EU actions by civil society, the European Parliament, commentators, but also third countries. This thesis examines whether human rights are indeed a ‘silver thread’ running through everything that EU does as argued by the EU High Representative. To that end, I first analyze why coherence as such, and coherence with values in particular, hold an important place in the EU’s foreign policy integration. As a second step, I discuss the nature of human rights as an international and EU framework for coherent action. I then investigate one particular area of EU external action...