Página 15 dos resultados de 36874 itens digitais encontrados em 0.014 segundos

Methodology in Economics: the Logic of Appraisal

PERRON, Pierre
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2343732 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This Paper Intends to Develop a Coherent Methodological Framework Concerned with the Appraisal of Scientific Theories in Economics, and Which Is Based on a Postulated Aim of Science. We First Define the Scope of a Methodological Inquiry (Precise Definition of What Is Meant by the Logic of Appraisal of Scientific Theories) and Review the Work of Popper and Lakatos in the Philosophy of Science. We Then Use Their Results to Develop a Rational Structure of Scientific Activity. We Identify and Analyse Both a Micro and Macro Framework for the Process of Appraisal and Single Out the Importance of So-Called 'Fundamental Assumptions' in Creating Externalities in the Appraisal Process Which Forces Us to Adop a Multi-Level Analysis. Special Attention Is Given to the Role and Significance of the Abstraction Process and the Use of Assumptions in General. the Proposed Structure of Scientific Activity Is Illustrated with Examples From Economics.

Por uma concepção darwiniana de economia evolucionaria : abordagens, pioneiras, conflitos teoricos e propostas ontologicas; Towards a darwinian conception of evolutionary economics : pioneer approaches, theoretical conflicts and ontological proposals

Manuel Ramon Souza Luz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Esta dissertação procura apresentar uma abordagem evolucionária para as ciências econômicas, seguindo os princípios darwinianos, - como uma alternativa factível e consistente à visão essencialista do pensamento neoclássico. A partir de uma perspectiva fundada na história das idéias evolucionárias, este trabalho procura compreender como os desenvolvimentos destas idéias influenciaram o debate econômico em determinados períodos. Denominados período de fundação, especificação e disseminação, procura-se evidenciar as repercussões desses três importantes momentos da história do pensamento evolucionário sobre o desenvolvimento das idéias econômicas. Assim, o trabalho centra seus esforços, num primeiro momento, em verificar a influência da concepção evolucionária de Charles Darwin sobre a perspectiva institucionalista de Thorstein Veblen; num segundo momento, o trabalho acompanha como os desenvolvimentos da biologia evolucionária de meados do século XX, repercutiram sobre as idéias geradas a partir de debates específicos dentro da controvérsia marginalista; e, finalmente, num terceiro momento pretende-se avaliar a recente proposta de generalização dos princípios darwinianos para a economia, seguindo a perspectiva evolucionária do trabalho de Geoffrey Hodgson; This dissertation presents an evolutionary approach to economics...

Analysis of the progress of lifelong learning strategies of Portuguese Economics and Management Schools

Vilares, Sofia Nascimento
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; Lifelong learning (LLL) is becoming increasingly relevant to today’s society, not only to individuals, but also to higher education institutions (HEIs). This is due to the fact that external forces such as globalization and technological change are pressuring individuals to constantly update their knowledge, and HEIs, to respond to societal and market demands. To engage in LLL strategizing HEIs have to overcome some barriers while at the same time assure the response to labor market and students’ needs. Therefore, more and more HEIs have to engage in strategy making in a way more similar to the one of business world. Portuguese HEIs are facing even greater external forces’ pressure due to the economic crisis the country is going through, which has implied state funding cuts but also low available income to families. The main aim of this master thesis was to study empirically the LLL strategy content and process of Portuguese economics and business schools and departments. This was assessed through semi-structured interviews performed to the schools. Further, there was the aim to understand the perspective over LLL of potential students as it affects the LLL strategy making...

Three essays on unemployment, self-selection and wage differentials; 3 essays on unemployment, self-selection and wage differentials

Regev, Tal, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 94 p.; 4637018 bytes; 4641617 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This thesis is a collection of three essays on labor economics from a macroeconomic prospective. Chapter 1 discusses imperfect information, self-selection and the market for higher education. It explores how the steady trends in increased tuition costs, college enrollment and returns to education might be related to the quality of college graduates. The model shows that the signaling role of education might be an important, yet largely neglected ingredient in these recent changes. In a special signaling model, workers face the same costs, but can expect different returns from college. Allocation of ability into skill is determined by the equilibrium skill premium. Incorporating a production of higher education, the properties of the college market equilibrium are discussed. A skill biased technical change initially decreases self-selection into college, but the general equilibrium effect can overturn the initial decline, since increased enrollment and rising tuition costs increase selection. Higher initial human capital has an external effect on subsequent investment: all agents increase their schooling investment, and the higher equilibrium tuition costs increase self-selection and the college premium. Chapter 2 is about unemployment insurance and the uninsured.; (cont.) Under Federal-State law workers who quit a job are not entitled to unemployment insurance. How does the existence of the uninsured affect wages and employment? An equilibrium search model is extended to account for two types of unemployed workers. In addition to the unemployed who are currently receiving unemployment benefits and for whom an increase in unemployment benefits reduces the incentive to work...

Essays in public finance

Washington, Ebonya
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 148 p.; 5697832 bytes; 5697639 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This thesis consists of three distinct essays in public finance economics. In the first I use the presence of minority candidates on the ballot to test two implications of the spatial theory of voting. I find, contrary to theoretical predictions, that the magnitude and types of voters who come out to the polls is responsive to the race of the candidate on the ballot. While both black and white voters turn out in greater numbers when there is a black on the ballot, the whites who are propelled to the polls are more often Republican than not. I use this shift in the electorate caused by the racial mix of the candidates as a test of candidate responsiveness, a second implication of the spatial theory. I find evidence in support of this prediction. In Chapter 2 I seek to understand why thirty-five to forty-five percent of low-income American households do not possess a bank account I demonstrate that the low-income household's banking decision responds to the price of savings accounts, particularly their minimum balance requirements. Despite this, I show that government banking regulation to this point has been ineffective in connecting households to transaction accounts. On the other hand, regulation of the fringe banking market has proved more successful. One approach to covering the uninsured that is frequently advocated by policy makers is subsidizing the employee portion of employer-provided health insurance premiums. In Chapter 3...

Essays in Behavioral Economics and Innovation

Gilchrist, Duncan Sheppard
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This dissertation consists of three essays, two in behavioral economics and one on the economics of innovation. The first essay, which is joint work with Emily Glassberg Sands, exploits the randomness of weather and the relationship between weather and movie-going to quantify network externalities (i.e., a preference for shared experience) in movie consumption. Instrumenting for early viewership with unanticipated and plausibly exogenous weather shocks captured in LASSO-chosen instrument sets, we find that a shock to opening weekend viewership is doubled over the following five weekends. Our estimated momentum arises almost exclusively at the local level, and varies neither with ex-post movie quality nor with the precision of ex-ante information about movie quality, suggesting the observed momentum is unrelated to learning. The second essay, which is joint work with Michael Luca and Deepak Malhotra, asks whether higher wages elicit reciprocity and hence higher productivity. In a field experiment with 266 employees, we find that paying above-market wages, per se, does not have an effect on productivity relative to paying market wages (in a one-time job with no future employment opportunities). However, structuring a portion of the wage as a clear and unexpected gift--by offering a raise (with no additional conditions) after the employee has accepted the contract--does lead to higher productivity for the duration of the job. Targeted gifts are more efficient than hiring more workers. However...

Essays in Development and Behavioral Economics

Schilbach, Frank N.
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This dissertation consists of three empirical essays in development and behavioral economics. Chapter 1 considers the impact of heavy alcohol consumption on savings behavior among low-income males in India. High levels of alcohol consumption are more common among the poor. This fact could have economic consequences beyond mere income effects because alcohol impairs mental processes and decision-making. Since alcohol is thought to induce myopia, this paper tests for impacts on self-control and on savings behavior. In a three-week field experiment with low-income workers in India, I provided 229 individuals with a high-return savings opportunity and randomized incentives for sobriety. The incentives significantly reduced daytime drinking as measured by decreased breathalyzer scores. This in turn increased savings by approximately 60 percent. No more than half of this effect is explained by changes in income net of alcohol expenditures. In addition, consistent with enhanced self-control due to lower inebriation levels, incentivizing sobriety reduced the impact of a savings commitment device. Finally, alcohol consumption itself is prone to self-control problems: over half of the study participants were willing to sacrifice money to receive incentives to be sober...

Essays in Financial and Housing Economics

McQuade, Timothy
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This dissertation presents four essays. The first chapter builds a real-options, term structure model of the firm incorporating stochastic volatility and endogenous default to shed new light on the value premium, financial distress, momentum, and credit spread puzzles. The paper uses recently developed methodologies based on asymptotic expansions to solve the model. The second chapter, coauthored with Adam Guren, presents a model that shows how foreclosures can exacerbate a housing bust and delay the housing market's recovery. Quantitatively, the model successfully explains aggregate and retail price declines, the foreclosure share of volume, and the number of foreclosures both nationwide and across MSAs. The third and fourth chapters, coauthored with Stephen W. Salant and Jason Winfree, discuss the economics of untraceable experience goods in a variety of settings. The third chapter drops the "small country" assumption in the trade literature on collective reputation and shows how large exporters like China can address severe problems assuring the quality of its exports. The fourth chapter demonstrates how regulations in the formal sector of developing countries can lead to a quality gap between formal and informal sector goods. It moreover investigates how changes in regulation affect quality...

Essays on the Economics of Contracts and Organizations

Hirata, Daisuke
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This thesis consists of three essays on the economics of contracts and organizations. The first essay studies organizational design as the allocation of decision rights, primarily focusing on its interplay with agents' career motives. It identifies a new tradeoff between delegation and centralization, which arises solely from career concerns: When delegated, an agent takes inefficient actions at the cost of a principal but also works harder ex post to implement his project, in order to manipulate the market expectations of his ability. Compared to the existing literature, the contribution of this study is two-fold. First, it endogenizes the agent's bias as a result of career concerns. Second, and perhaps more importantly, it uncovers a new link between organizational design and the implementation of a decision. Both of these features are in sharp contrast to the vast majority of the existing studies, which takes the agent's bias as given and abstracts away from the implementation stage of a decision process. Specifically, delegation can be strictly optimal in the present framework even if the agent has no information advantage over the principal. Motivated by some entry-level labor markets, the second essay studies an incentive-contracting problem where (i) a principal learns an agent's ability before the agent himself...

On the Prospects For a Unified Social Science : economics and Sociology

Abell, Peter
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This paper argues for a closer association between economics and sociology. The latter could benefit from the intellectual rigour of the former. Building a unified socio-economics requires an intellectual rapprochement between the sociologist conception of social interaction and a relaxed version of rational choice. Evolutionary game theory may provide one way forward.; Este artículo argumenta a favor de una colaboración más estrecha entre la economía y la sociología. Esta última podría beneficiarse del rigor intelectual de la primera. La construcción de una socio-economía unificada requiere de una aproximación intelectual entre la concepción sociológica de la interacción social y una versión suavizada de la elección racional. La teoría de juegos evolucionaria puede proporcionar una camino prometedor en ese sentido.

The Economics of Energy (and Electricity) Demand

Platchkov, Laura M.; Pollitt, Michael G.
Fonte: Faculty of Economics Publicador: Faculty of Economics
Tipo: Working Paper; not applicable
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Economic drivers, technologies and demand side management are keys in understanding the long-term trends of both energy and more specifically electricity consumption. This paper discusses some of the important economics foundations of energy demand in general, and electricity in particular. First, we look at the macro-economic context of energy. This reveals how energy and electricity consumption are subject to the same drivers - income and price - over long periods. However, energy demand (and carbon emissions) falls and energy prices rises in one country may have little effect at the world level. Next, we examine the features of energy service expenditures. Despite similarities over time, specific sectors are distinct from one another in terms of consumption profiles, and new sources of electricity demand may substantially change total demand and the way it is consumed. This leads us to a closer look at the micro-economic context of energy demand, and the tension between technically possible energy savings one one side, and the economics and behavioural dimensions on the other side. We conclude by highlighting the various unknowns and uncertainties that characterise the future of energy demand.

Identity economics meets financialisation: gender, race and occupational stratification in the US labour market

Arestis, Philip; Charles, Aurelie; Fontana, Giuseppe
Fonte: Oxford Journals Publicador: Oxford Journals
Tipo: Article; accepted version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This is the accepted manuscript. The final version is available from OUP at http://cje.oxfordjournals.org/content/38/6/1471.; Throughout his career Geoff Harcourt has constantly and consistently highlighted the role of social norms and collective decisions in his study of modern economies. In doing so he has put a great deal of emphasis on the distribution of income between different social groups, especially so when concerned with the labour market. This paper attempts to celebrate this particular aspect of his numerous contributions to economics by highlighting the role of social norms in influencing earnings across occupations and demographic groups in the US. Social norms generate hierarchy, economic and non-economic inequalities among ascriptively distinguished groups. Drawing on the stratification and identity economics literatures, this paper proposes a novel theoretical and empirical framework for analysing the effects of financialisation on the earnings dynamics of gender and race groups, a framework that is consistent with discrimination as a source of racial and gender inequality. The empirical methodology utilised in the form of long-run cointegrating relationships of groups? earnings across occupations, assesses whether a pattern of social norms on wage distribution emerges over time. The results of this study show that over the past 30 years social norms have exacerbated the stratification of the US labour market.

Economics and Politics of Shale Gas in Europe

Chyong, Chi Kong; Reiner, David M.
Fonte: International Association for Energy Economics Publicador: International Association for Energy Economics
Tipo: Article; accepted version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This is the accepted manuscript. The final version will be available from the IAEE at http://www.iaee.org/en/publications/eeeparticle.aspx?id=80.; In the wake of the dramatic growth in shale gas production in the United States, interest in shale gas exploration in Europe has been driven primarily by concerns over industrial competitiveness and energy security. A number of studies have been carried out to understand the success factors underpinning the US shale gas revolution and how this success could be replicated in Europe. Most of these studies focus on the macroeconomic and energy market impact of a possible shale gas production in Europe. These studies are in general sceptical about the prospects of shale gas development relative to other gas supply options to Europe. By considering the other options available in greater detail and exploring the stochastic nature of shale gas exploration and production as they apply to production economics, we conclude that this scepticism may be overstated. Apart from political opposition that has shut down shale gas exploration in a number of European member states because of concerns over environmental risks, in some countries notably the UK, the combination of political support and a large...

Modeling the Psychology of Consumer and Firm Behavior with Behavioral Economics

Ho, Teck H.; Lim, Noah; Camerer, Colin F.
Fonte: UCLA Department of Economics Publicador: UCLA Department of Economics
Tipo: Report or Paper; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/09/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Marketing is an applied science that tries to explain and influence how firms and consumers actually behave in markets. Marketing models are usually applications of economic theories. These theories are general and produce precise predictions, but they rely on strong assumptions of rationality of consumers and firms. Theories based on rationality limits could prove similarly general and precise, while grounding theories in psychological plausibility and explaining facts which are puzzles for the standard approach. Behavioral economics explores the implications of limits of rationality. The goal is to make economic theories more plausible while maintaining formal power and accurate prediction of field data. This review focuses selectively on six types of models used in behavioral economics that can be applied to marketing. Three of the models generalize consumer preference to allow (1) sensitivity to reference points (and loss-aversion); (2) social preferences toward outcomes of others; and (3) preference for instant gratification (quasi-hyperbolic discounting). The three models are applied to industrial channel bargaining, salesforce compensation, and pricing of virtuous goods such as gym memberships. The other three models generalize the concept of gametheoretic equilibrium...

In between exemplarity and legality: the paradigm and the economics of innovation, an epistemological interstitium in Information Science; Entre exemplaridade e legalidade: o paradigma e a economia da inovação, um interstício epistemológico na Ciência da Informação.

Menezes, Vinícios Souza de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
O paradigma é puramente linguístico (paradeigma), um exemplo; se dá por analogia e entre singularidades. A episteme da legalidade baseia o paradigma em conformidades, em geral, numa relação de adequação (adequatio) universal-particular. O texto trata da tensão interpretativa entre a exemplaridade e a legalidade do paradigma e da inovação, com especial atenção para a teoria kuhniana em contraposição ao desdobramento interpretativo da economia da inovação, ambos com vultos discursivos na Ciência da Informação. No âmbito dos debates epistemológicos e econômicos da Ciência da Informação, coloca-se em questão a leitura regida pelos meios dinheiro e poder da economia da inovação, tendo como contraponto uma leitura político epistemológica do paradigma baseada na linguagem. Envolvida por esse interstício, o discurso da Ciência da Informação, por vezes, tende a ler e replicar o paradigma e a inovação como uma adequação (regula) estrutural, permanecendo latente aquilo que lhe é exemplar, a sua linguagem não sistêmica.; The paradigm is purely linguistic (paradeigma), an example; and is given by analogy between singularities. The episteme of legality based on the paradigm conformities, in general, a fitness universal-particular relationship (adequatio). This paper covers the interpretive tension between legality and exemplarity paradigm and innovation...

EVALUATING THE ECONOMICS OF SMALL WIND POWER IN NORTH CAROLINA

Zhuang, Wenjie Jr
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 915464 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
“Small wind” is defined as wind-powered electric generators with rated capacities of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. Compared with utility-scale wind systems, small wind enjoys many economic and social advantages including reducing costs of building transmission lines, helping the public reduce peak power demand, diversifying the energy supply portfolio, and increasing regional economic growth. This Master’s Project is designed to evaluate the costs and benefits of small wind systems in North Carolina from the perspective of residents and communities. It establishes a basic Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) Model to calculate Net Present Value (NPV), Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), and Payback Period (PP) of a specific small wind project in Class 3 wind region in North Carolina. The project addresses the impact of a potential carbon tax, a potential state rebate program, and a state tax credit without a cap on the economics of the typical small wind system in North Carolina. The results indicate that a potential carbon tax would not have a significant impact on small wind economics, but the combination of a state rebate program and a non-capped tax credit makes investments in small wind much more attractive. It is recommended that North Carolina adopt a combination of a state rebate program and a non-capped tax credit to stimulate the development of small-scale wind power.

Driving Sustainable Behavior in the Mainstream Consumer: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Minimize Household Energy Consumption

Boomgard, Elizabeth; Snook, Jennifer
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 27/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
This project reviews and evaluates the effectiveness of behavioral economic interventions on household energy consumption, as utilized by non-intrusive energy monitoring services such as our client company, PlotWatt. Through our assessment of the landscape of relevant academic literature and interviews with experts within the fields of behavioral economics and environmental psychology, we identify five principles of behavioral economics that are most salient for this sector: awareness, learning, social norms, goal setting, and framing. These five principles are examined through six case studies of companies within the client’s peer group: OPOWER, Earth Aid, Microsoft Hohm, Google PowerMeter, Wattvision and GreenLite Dartmouth/TELLEMOTION. In each case study, particular attention is paid to how effectively the behavioral economic intervention is implemented and best practices are highlighted. The paper concludes with tailored recommendations for PlotWatt. Our research suggests that a few behavioral economic tweaks to the user interface and reporting systems could lead to unique, measurable and significant behavior change that not only saves money for the household but also, in some case, motivates a deeper interest in conservation and curtailment of energy consumption.

Essays on Development Economics: Families, Child Human Capital, and Migration

Farfan Bertran, Maria Gabriela
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

This dissertation consists of 3 essays on development economics, with an overarching theme that relates to the economics of the family, child human capital, and migration. The three essays combine rigorous empirical strategies with the use of uniquely rich longitudinal data, the Mexican Family Life Survey, to advance our understanding of individual, household and family behavior.

Using these population-level data, the first chapter is an evaluation of a prominent anti-poverty program, Oportunidades, on child nutrition. Oportunidades was a leading intervention in targeting resources towards women and linking public transfers to investments in child human capital, and currently serves about one quarter of the Mexican population. To isolate the impact of the program, I draw on evidence from the nutrition and biology literatures regarding the biology of child growth, in combination with the timing of the roll-out of the program and the panel dimension of the data. Consistent with previous evidence, this analysis finds positive and sizable effects on children who live in rural communities incorporated at the beginning of the intervention. In contrast, the impact of the program in rural localities incorporated later in time and in suburban and urban communities are...

Essays in Economics of Immigration

Rho, Deborah Tammy
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

This dissertation consists of two related essays on the economics of immigration. The first chapter presents new evidence on whether the earnings of foreign-born workers grow faster than that of similarly educated natives. We compare cross-sectional and panel analyses of assimilation in the U.S. context. The panel data allow us to control for fixed unobserved heterogeneity in earnings. As others have found for earlier entry cohorts, we find that immigrants with less than a college education start at an earnings disadvantage but converge toward native earnings with time in the U.S. in the cross-section. Lower earning immigrants selectively leave on-the-books jobs. We also find substantial selection among low earnings natives who also tend to work less and leave the labor force earlier. Both groups display selection and the net result is that controlling for fixed unobserved heterogeneity has little effect on the relative earnings growth of low-skilled immigrants.

We find very different results for high-skilled workers. In the cross-sectional analysis, immigrants whose highest level of education is a bachelor's degree exhibit a decline in relative earnings with time in the U.S. However, for these immigrants, the inclusion of an individual fixed effect reveals faster earnings growth relative to natives. Among both immigrants and natives...

Essays in Law and Economics

Iyavarakul, Tongyai
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 546735 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%

This dissertation comprises of three essays in law and economics. The first chapter, a joint work with my advisor - Marjorie McElroy, examines the longly debated effect of the liberalized divorce laws in the United States on the divorce rates during 1956-1989. The first and the second chapter are a theoretical and an empirical paper on a cooperative game of bribery.

; Dissertation