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Gestão das finanças públicas oportunidades de reforma para o modelo brasileiro na comparação com países desenvolvidos da OCDE

Dutra, Tiago Alves de Gouveia Lins
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Mestre em Administração Pública; The public sector reforms are secular, especially in the political scope. However, the twentieth century was marked by the establishment of administrative reforms, both bureaucratic and managerial. The public administration has gained relevance in the management of economic resources due to increased participation in the economy, but, on the other hand, also had to learn to deal with scarcity. Accordingly, in the last thirty years, several management reforms have occurred in many countries around the world, but with greater intensity in developed countries, especially the English speaking. All with at least one goal: “to do more (public goods and services) with less (resources)”. In this context, one of the most studied areas of management has been the financial management reforms, in terms of budgeting, accounting and auditing. Recently, the Brazilian model of public financial management was well evaluated by three international institutions: the PEFA program, the World Bank CFAA and the IBP. The PEFA considered Brazil adherent to the OECD countries. Even so, Brazil is undertaking various reform efforts in this area in order to optimize its model. To contribute to this process and confirm the findings of international assessments mentioned...

Risk assessment of nanomaterials in cosmetics: a European union perspective

Henkler, Frank; Tralau, Tewes; Tentschert, Jutta; Kneuer, Carsten; Haase, Andrea; Platzek, Thomas; Luch, Andreas; Götz, Mario E.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In Europe, the data requirements for the hazard and exposure characterisation of chemicals are defined according to the REACH regulation and its guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment (Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), and its guidance documents; available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:396:0001:0849:EN:PDF; and at: http://guidance.echa.europa.eu/docs/guidance_document/information_requirements_en.htm). This is the basis for any related risk assessment. The standard reference for the testing of cosmetic ingredients is the SCCP’s ‘Notes of Guidance for the Testing of Cosmetic Ingredients and their Safety Evaluation’ (The SCCP’s Notes of Guidance for the testing of cosmetic ingredients and their safety evaluation (2006); available at: http://ec.europa.eu/health/ph_risk/committees/04_sccp/docs/sccp_o_03j.pdf), which refers to the OECD guidelines for the testing of chemicals (The OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals as a collection of the most relevant internationally agreed testing methods used by government...

Standard inocula preparations reduce the bacterial diversity and reliability of regulatory biodegradation tests

Goodhead, Andrew K.; Head, Ian M.; Snape, Jason R.; Davenport, Russell J.
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OECD ready biodegradability tests have been central to understanding the biodegradation of chemicals from a regulatory perspective for many decades. They are not fit for contemporary prioritisation of chemicals based on persistence, however, due to the low concentration of inocula used, short duration and high variability between tests. Two OECD standard inoculum pretreatment methods (settlement and filtration) were investigated to observe their effect on the probability of biodegradation and associated changes in bacterial community structure and diversity of inocula sourced from the activated sludge process of wastewater treatment plants. Both settlement and filtration were shown to dramatically and significantly reduce the probability and increase the variability of biodegradation of 4-nitrophenol compared to the use of unprocessed inocula. These differences were associated with a significant hundred-fold reduction in cell numbers and solids content and a significant shift in bacterial community structure that was sometimes accompanied by significant reductions in detectable operational taxonomic unit richness and evenness. The natural variation (between different environments) and variation due to differential selection of bacterial communities (by different pretreatment methods) is offered as an explanation for the historical high variability in standard OECD ready biodegradability tests.

Comparison of International Guidelines of Dermal Absorption Tests Used in Pesticides Exposure Assessment for Operators

So, Jaehwan; Ahn, Junyoung; Lee, Tae-Hee; Park, Kyung-Hun; Paik, Min-Kyoung; Jeong, Mihye; Cho, Myung-Haing; Jeong, Sang-Hee
Fonte: The Korean Society Of Toxicology Publicador: The Korean Society Of Toxicology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2014 Português
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The number of farmers who have suffered from non-fatal acute pesticide poisoning has been reported to vary from 5.7% to 86.7% in South Korea since 1975. Absorption through the skin is the main route of exposure to pesticides for farmers who operate with them. Several in vitro tests using the skins of humans or animal and in vivo tests using laboratory animals are introduced for the assessment of human dermal absorption level of pesticides. The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare international guidelines and strategies of dermal absorption assessments and to propose unique approaches for applications into pesticide registration process in our situation. Until present in our situation, pesticide exposure level to operator is determined just using default value of 10 as for skin absorption ratio because of data shortage. Dermal absorption tests are requested to get exposure level of pesticides and to ultimately know the safety of pesticides for operators through the comparison with the value of AOEL. When the exposure level is higher than AOEL, the pesticide cannot be approved. We reviewed the skin absorption test guidelines recommended by OECD, EFSA and EPA. The EPA recommends assessment of skin absorption of pesticides for humans through the TPA which includes all the results of in vitro human and animal and animal in vivo skin absorption studies. OECD and EFSA...

Governança florestal

Galiciolli, Rene
Fonte: grafs., tabs Publicador: grafs., tabs
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Resumo: Governança florestal é tema de relevância entre as mais importantes organizações internacionais como a Organização das Nações Unidas para Agricultura e Alimentação - FAO, a Organização para Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico - OECD e o Banco Mundial que, de forma convergente, defendem a importância das florestas no equilíbrio e a necessidade de sua conservação e utilização sensata. Estas organizações desenvolvem e testam indicadores de governança florestal discutindo sobre governança das florestas e de desenvolvimento florestal. Objetivando analisar a percepção dos atores sociais do setor florestal paranaense acerca de quatro dimensões da governança florestal, tomando-se como referência um "modelo" de análise adotada pela OECD - Organização para Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (2005), o trabalho busca caracterizar a estrutura jurídica e regulatória do setor florestal no Paraná; as ações do governo estadual, responsável pela gestão das florestas; as ações relacionadas às interações entre o governo estadual e os atores sociais envolvidos e o papel dos Conselhos de políticas florestais e outras instituições relacionadas ao setor florestal do Paraná. Como instrumento metodológico...

Multi-dimensional Review of Uruguay. Volume 1: initial assessment

Fonte: CEPAL; OCDE Publicador: CEPAL; OCDE
Tipo: Texto
Português
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Includes bibliography.; Improvements in living standards and outcomes that matter for people’s quality of life are essential for economic and social development. Since the economic crisis of 2002 Uruguay has made significant progress in this direction, while also increasing its integration in the global economy. This has translated into higher growth rates and a reduction in inequalities. Uruguay has chosen its own path in terms of policies for development, compared to other Latin American countries and the OECD. The country’s particular mix of policies shows that there is no single “model” of development. However, the country must address several challenges to maintain momentum and ensure a sustainable path of economic growth in a changing global economy. Over the past few years, the OECD and ECLAC have analysed in depth the challenges of development to establish how these organisations can best meet the needs of policy makers, and ultimately the citizens they serve. This analysis formed part of an OECD strategy on development, which called upon the Organisation to adapt its analytical framework, policy tools and instruments, so as to enhance its contribution to global development.

Managing Financial Integration and Capital Mobility -- Policy Lessons from the Past Two Decades

Aizenman, Joshua; Pinto, Brian
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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The accumulated experience of emerging markets over the past two decades has laid bare the tenuous links between external financial integration and faster growth, on the one hand, and the proclivity of such integration to fuel costly crises on the other. These crises have not gone without learning. During the 1990s and 2000s, emerging markets converged to the middle ground of the policy space defined by the macroeconomic trilemma, with growing financial integration, controlled exchange rate flexibility, and proactive monetary policy. The OECD countries moved much faster toward financial integration, embracing financial liberalization, opting for a common currency in Europe, and for flexible exchange rates in other OECD countries. Following their crises of 1997-2001, emerging markets added financial stability as a goal, self-insured by building up international reserves, and adopted a public finance approach to financial integration. The global crisis of 2008-2009, which originated in the financial sector of advanced economies...

Institutional Arrangements for Public Debt Management

Currie, Elizabeth; Dethier, Jean-Jacques; Togo, Eriko
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper analyzes institutional arrangements for public debt management by reviewing the experience of OECD countries during the late 1980s and 1990s. It discusses principal-agent issues arising from the delegation of authority from the Minister of Finance to the debt management office and describes how countries have designed governance structures and control and monitoring mechanisms to deal with these issues. The paper also discusses what lessons emerging market countries and transition countries can draw from the experience of advanced OECD countries. The OECD experience clearly indicates that-regardless of whether the debt management office is located inside or outside the Ministry of Finance-four issues are of vital importance: 1) Giving priority to strategic public policy objectives rather than tactical trading objectives. 2) Strengthening the institutional capacity to deal with financial portfolio management and with the public policy aspects of debt management. 3) Modernizing debt management. 4) Creating mechanisms to ensure successful delegation and accountability to the Ministry of Finance and Parliament.

Agriculture in the Doha Agenda

Messerlin, Patrick
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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The author looks at the OECD domestic political economy associated with ongoing WTO farm negotiations, focusing on the OECD-based coalitions which could be helpful for WTO negotiators. Support from individual final consumers and taxpayers is far from guaranteed because consumers are spending less and less on food, and because taxpayers support, more or less willingly, non-trade concerns, such as environment or food safety, that they tend (wrongly) to associate with domestic farmers. As a result, trade negotiators should look at other allies. A natural candidate is a powerful group of consumers-the agribusiness industries-for which a reduction of the still high protection of their products under the Doha Round requires a corresponding reduction of protection in their farm inputs. They should also talk to farmers, hence sharpen their arguments, in particular by focusing on the distinction between small and large farmers, the latter being by far the main beneficiaries of the current OECD farm protectionist policies.

Mobilizing leadership in cities and regions

Beer, A.; Clower, T.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Increasing attention has been given to the role of leadership as an important determinant of growth at the regional or local scale (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), [2010]. Regions matter. Paris: OECD, [2012]. Growth in all regions. Paris: OECD). Scholarship on the leadership of places, however, remains an under-developed field, with much research either overly reliant upon perspectives drawn from management disciplines or limited to case study analysis of ‘success’ stories. While there have been significant exceptions (Stimson, Stough, with Salazar, [2009]. Leadership and institutions in regional endogenous development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar), too little attention has been paid to developing a systematic approach to understanding place leadership. This paper reviews the literature on the leadership of places and argues there is now a sufficient body of scholarship to enable the development of more analytically rigorous approaches. It also posits that effective leadership is now more important for the success of places than in the past and that contemporary growth dynamics are likely to raise its significance further. The paper argues that governments and communities alike can encourage the development of local leadership and that the steps needed to achieve this objective are already well known.; Andrew Beer and Terry Clower

Essays on the Migration of Heterogeneous Individuals; Aufsätze über die Migration heterogener Individuen

Neubecker, Nina
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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This dissertation presents theoretical and empirical analyses in order to provide some new answers to three questions of migration research: What determines migration? Who migrates? How does migration impact on the sending countries? A common feature of the presented analyses is that they consider specific heterogeneities of migrants and non-migrants. The dissertation contains seven analytical chapters as well as an introduction and some concluding remarks. The analytical chapters deal with three different topics: 1. The Relationship between Occupational Status and Migration Within a theoretical model framework it is demonstrated that the reduction of occupational stigma may constitute a motive for migration for skilled workers. Yet, this hypothesis has to be rejected in econometric analyses on the basis of micro-level data on internal migration in Germany in the period 2001-2009. 2. Network Effects in Migration Based on econometric analyses relying on a macro-level dataset, it is shown that the migration flows of different foreign nationals to Spain in the period 1997-2006 were not only influenced by the existing networks of co-national migrants, but also by the existing networks of migrants from other nationalities. For the network of co-national migrants it can furthermore be shown that the positive effect of the network on follow-up migration differed across the different Spanish regions. In addition...

ECVAM prevalidation study on in vitro cell transformation assays: General outline and conclusions of the study

CORVI Raffaella; AARDEMA Marilyn; GRIBALDO Laura; HAYASHI Makoto; HOFFMANN Sebastian; SCHECHTMAN Leonard; VANPARYS Phillippe
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Online
Português
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The potential for a compound to induce carcinogenicity is a key consideration when ascertaining hazard and risk assessment of chemicals. Among the in vitro alternatives that have been developed for predicting carcinogenicity, in vitro cell transformation assays (CTAs) have been shown to involve a multistage process that closely models important stages of in vivo carcinogenesis and have the potential to detect both genotoxic and non-genotoxic carcinogens. These assays have been in use for decades and a substantial amount of data demonstrating their performance is available in the literature. However, for the standardised use of these assays for regulatory purposes, a formal evaluation of the assays, in particular focusing on development of standardised transferable protocols and further information on assay reproducibility, was considered important to serve as a basis for the drafting of generally accepted OECD test guidelines. To address this issue, a prevalidation study of the CTAs using the BALB/c 3T3 cell line, SHE cells at pH 6.7, and SHE cells at pH 7.0 was coordinated by ECVAM and focused on issues of standardisation of protocols, test method transferability and within- and between-laboratory reproducibility. The study resulted in the availability of standardised protocols that had undergone prevalidation [1-2] that should serve as basis for future use. The results of the ECVAM study demonstrated that for the BALB/c 3T3 method...

ECVAM-Coordinated Prevalidation Study of Three Cell Transformation Assays for Chemical Carcinogenicity Testing

PHRAKONKHAM PASCAL; GRIESINGER Claudius; HALDER Maria; CORVI Raffaella
Fonte: SPEKTRUM AKAD VERLAG Publicador: SPEKTRUM AKAD VERLAG
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Printed
Português
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A formal prevalidation study of the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) Cell Transformation Assays (CTAs) performed at pH 6.7 and pH 7.0 and the BALB/c 3T3 CTA was coordinated by ECVAM. The study was designed to complement the findings of the OECD detailed review paper (DRP) on CTAs and aimed at refining and standardising existing protocols, and assessing their reliability. The study results were peer-reviewed by the ECVAM Scientific Advisory Committee, which concluded that the study succeeded in generating standardised, transferable and reproducible SHE protocols. Further evaluation and use of the BALB/c 3T3 protocol was recommended to expand reproducibility data. The study results, together with the OECD DRP extensive database, support the utility of the SHE assays for carcinogenicity potential assessment. Based on available data and a formal ECVAM Recommendation on CTA status, the OECD will discuss and decide the necessary follow-up work, possibly in view of test guideline development.; JRC.I.2-Public Health Policy Support

Estimating the Gross Nitrogen Budget under soil nitrogen sotck changes: A case study for Turkey

OZBEK FETHI SABAN; LEIP Adrian
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
Português
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The method to estimate the Gross Nitrogen Budget proposed by Eurostat and the OECD was developed under the assumption of no changes in soil nitrogen stock, due to the lack of available data. We estimated the national and regional nitrogen budgets of agriculture in Turkey, calculated according to the recommended methodology at the level of administrative regions. Results suggest that changes in soil nitrogen stocks are likely for some regions. In such cases, the method warns that its estimated indicators (Gross Nutrient Surplus and Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE)) are not valid. We propose two different approaches to improve the Eurostat/OECD method, based on assumptions of minimum and maximum NUE, and on regressing the N-input and N-output relationship for regions without obvious soil nitrogen stock changes. Our results show that both approaches give reasonable results for all regions, including those for which the Eurostat/OECD method failed. The results also suggest that soil nitrogen accumulates in some regions and depletes in others. Results give a range of 6-93 kg N ha -1 yr -1 (mean 35 kg N ha -1 yr -1 ) for the Gross Nitrogen Surplus, and a range of 49-82% (mean 62%) for the NUE.; JRC.H.4-Monitoring Agricultural Resources

Presupuestos epistemol??gicos de la encuesta TALIS: ??Qu?? espera la OCDE de los profesores?

Landini, Sonia Regina; Trojan, Rose Meri
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Este art??culo pretende analizar los supuestos epistemol??gicos en los que se fundamenta el Informe TALIS, realizado por la Organizaci??n para la Cooperaci??n y el Desarrollo Econ??mico (OCDE), en el a??o 2009. La investigaci??n que dio lugar al Informe, fue efectuada en pa??ses miembros de la OCDE y pa??ses invitados, teniendo como foco el an??lisis de las condiciones de trabajo docente, su formaci??n, problemas, creencias y actitudes, entre otros factores relacionados con la docencia. Desde las preguntas formuladas al profesorado, as?? como del examen presentado en el informe sobre los datos obtenidos y del an??lisis te??ricos de estos, tenemos la intenci??n de identificar el tipo ideal de profesorado y de alumnado a formar que subyace a la encuesta, interpretando las expectativas de la OCDE, las cuales influyen en las pol??ticas educativas nacionales. La reflexi??n apunta a una tendencia subjetivista, basada en el constructivismo, en el utilitarismo y en la comprensi??n fenom??nica de la realidad, destacando la responsabilidad imputada al profesorado por el rumbo de la educaci??n.; This paper analysis of the epistemological assumptions that underlie the TALIS survey, developed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 2009. The survey was conducted with members of the OECD countries and countries invited...

Os controles adotados na Administração Pública como instrumentos de redução dos riscos de corrupção e aumento da eficiência e transparência dos recursos

Moura, Herval da Silva
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 26/07/2013 Português
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Tese de doutoramento em Contabilidade; Nesta Tese, buscou-se identificar em que medida os órgãos de controle da administração pública do Brasil praticam a gestão de risco de fraude e em que medida desenvolveram essa gestão em consonância com as principais práticas internacionais adotadas pelos países membros e parceiros da OCDE. Procurou-se também, verificar as relações entre o nível de gestão de risco de fraude dos países e o modelo de controle externo adotado, bem como entre o nível da fraude (corrupção) no setor público. Esta investigação baseia-se nos dados de 58 questionários, obtidos de 20 países membros e parceiros da OCDE, por meio de suas Instituições Superiores de Auditoria (ISA), de 20 Instituições Superiores de Auditoria (ISA-BR) e de 18 Instituições de Controle Interno (CIB) representando cada estado brasileiro. Foi realizada a Modelagem de Equações Estruturais (SEM) por meio da estratégia de Análise Fatorial Confirmatória (AFC), com o intuito de avaliar e validar o modelo proposto com a criação da variável latente ou construto Gestão de Risco de Fraude (GRF). O método de estimação utilizado foi o WLSMV (mínimos quadrados ponderados robusto), recomendado para modelos com indicadores categóricos que não apresentam distribuição normal multivariada. Com a validação do modelo...

O PISA e a participação de Portugal

Serrão, Anabela
Fonte: CIES-IUL Publicador: CIES-IUL
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em //2013 Português
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O PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) é um programa de avaliação internacional das aprendizagens dos alunos a leitura, ciências e matemática, promovido pela OCDE desde 2000. Com um quadro de referência de avaliação próprio e com um conjunto extenso de procedimentos e regras de implementação do programa muito objetivos e rigorosos, a OCDE garante, através do trabalho de um consórcio internacional desenvolvido em articulação estreita com os vários países, uma aplicação uniforme e comparável do PISA nos vários países participantes. Este artigo procura fazer uma caraterização detalhada de um dos instrumentos mais importantes da política educativa, cujo efeito na definição de políticas educativas e nas representações públicas sobre a qualidade dos sistemas de ensino nos diferentes países tem sido objeto de inúmeros estudos.; PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) is an international student assessment program of reading, mathematics and science literacy promoted by the OECD since 2000. With a specific framework of evaluation produced by OECD and with an extensive set of objective and rigorous rules and procedures for implementing the program, the OECD provides...

When did Latin America fall behind? : evidence from long-run international inequality

Prados de la Escosura, Leandro
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2004 Português
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When did Latin America fall behind?. Has the gap between developed countries and Latin America widened over time?. This paper addresses these recurrent questions with the tools provided by the inequality literature. Long-run inter-country inequality is assessed in terms of real (purchasing power-adjusted) GDP per head and of an 'improved' human development index as an indicator of welfare for present-day OECD and Latin America. A long term rise in income inequality is observed for this sample of countries with the deepening gap between OECD and Latin America as its main determinant. Contrary to a widespread view, in terms of income, Latin America fell behind in the late twentieth century. Inequality in terms of human development declined over time, but the gap between OECD and Latin America remained largely unchanged.

Human Development as Positive Freedom : Latin America in Historical Perspective

Prados de la Escosura, Leandro
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/draft; info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
Publicado em 01/05/2015 Português
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How has Latin America's wellbeing evolved over time? How does Latin America compare to today's developed countries (OECD, for short)? What explains their differences? These questions are addressed using an historical index of human development. A sustained improvement in wellbeing can be observed since 1870. The absolute gap between OECD and Latin America widened over time, but an incomplete catching up &-largely explained by education- occurred since 1900, but faded away after 1980, as Latin America fell behind the OECD in terms of longevity. Once the first health transition was exhausted, the contribution of life expectancy to human development declined.

Titanium Dioxide, NM-100, NM-101, NM-102, NM-103, NM-104, NM-105: Characterisation and Physico-Chemical Properties

RASMUSSEN Kirsten; MAST Jan; DE TEMMERMAN Pieter-Jan; VERLEYSEN Eveline; WAEGENEERS Nadia; VAN STEEN Frederic; PIZZOLON Jean Christophe; DE TEMMERMAN Ludwig; VAN DOREN Elke; JENSEN Keld Astrup; BIRKEDAL Renie; LEVIN Marcus; NIELSEN Signe Hjortkjaer; KOPON
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides scientific support to European Union policy including nanotechnology. Within this context, the JRC launched, in February 2011, a repository for Representative Test Materials (RTMs), based on preparatory work started in 2008. It supports both EU and international research projects, and especially the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials (WPMN). The WPMN leads an exploratory testing programme "Testing a Representative set of Manufactured Nanomaterials" for the development and collection of data on characterisation, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties, as well as risk assessment and safety evaluation of nanomaterials. The purpose is to understand the applicability of the OECD Test Guidelines for the testing of nanomaterials as well as end-points relevant for such materials. The Repository responds to a need for nanosafety research purposes: availability of nanomaterial from a single production batch to enhance the comparability of results between different research laboratories and projects. The availability of representative nanomaterials to the international scientific community furthermore enhances and enables development of safe materials and products. The present report presents the physico-chemical characterisation of the Titanium dioxide series from the JRC repository: NM-100...