Página 16 dos resultados de 13128 itens digitais encontrados em 0.017 segundos

Politicas de emprego na União Europeia (1995-2007) : a Europa social, uma uma utopia; Employment policies in the European Union (1995-2007) : the social Europe - an utopia?

Rita Petra Kallabis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2009 Português
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Em meados da década de 1970 rompeu-se o padrão de desenvolvimento estabelecido no período do pós-guerra, um padrão expresso na construção dos Estados de Bem Estar Social, estes pautados pela inclusão social e pela promoção de maior justiça distributiva. Este rompimento deslanchou abertamente uma dupla crise, econômica e social. Pergunta-se: Quais as respostas que a União Européia deu a esta crise com a qual se instalaram o crescimento econômico lento e oscilante, o desemprego em massa e a precarização dos mercados de trabalho? E qual o significado destas respostas na busca por um novo padrão de desenvolvimento, como modelo social europeu? Procura-se por respostas, analisando-se a Estratégia Europeia para o Emprego (EEE), lançada em 1994, incluída no ano de 2000 na Estratégia Europeia para Emprego e o Crescimento (Estratégia de Lisboa) e afunilada em 2007 no projeto da Flexicurity. Discutindo-se as Políticas de Emprego contidas nestas estratégias, percebe-se um conflito de objetivos. De um lado, encontram-se elementos que as revelam como instrumentos de uma política econômica guiada pela visão liberal-conservadora que pressiona pela desregulação e flexibilização do mercado de trabalho, este último novamente visto como lócus para a resolução de problemas sociais mais amplos. Ao mesmo tempo...

A comprehensive analysis of the current and future role of biofuels for transport in the European Union (EU)

Raboni,Massimo; Viotti,Paolo; Capodaglio,Andrea G.
Fonte: Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas Publicador: Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 Português
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The production of biofuels is strongly supported all over the world as a renewable energy source for reducing dependence on the unstable oil market. Bioethanol, the main biofuel produced in the world, is widely used to power vehicles in both the USA and Brazil, but concerns exist in both places regarding its sustainability. In Brazil, it is produced from a by-product of the sugar cane industry, while in the USA it is manufactured from food crops. The production of biogas and biodiesel is growing rapidly, but neither has outpaced the production of bioethanol. The European Union (EU) is greatly interested in this issue, and in 2011 adopted an extensive strategy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions related to transport by 60% by the year 2050. In order to achieve this result, the current European transportation system must be transformed. This ambitious goal will require the implementation of complex measures including the reduction of fossil fuels in favor of renewable fuels. This program has various options regarding the development of biofuels (e. g., biogas, bioethanol and biodiesel) and their related technologies, which are still on trial (mainly regarding the bioethanol production), and must also analyze their sustainability from a social and economic standpoint. The paper discusses the use of biofuels for transport in the European setting...

The German left and its European challenges

Gransow, Volker
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 40836 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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[Introduction] : First, I want to give a brief definition of “what’s left”, especially in Germany. Secondly I want to describe the current state of the German left, thirdly to talk briefly about turning points in the history of the European Union, and fourthly to identify the major upcoming European challenges.; no

Thalidomide, BSE and the Single Market: A Historical-Institutionalist Approach to Regulatory Regimes in the European Union

KRAPOHL, Sebastian
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 328319 bytes; pdf only; application/pdf
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The success of the European Union in regulating the safety of products in the single market differs widely. In the last decade, the regulatory regime for pharmaceuticals has functioned without raising public concerns.The establishment of a European agency for pharmaceuticals in the early 1990s has been evaluated positively by both producers and consumers, and there have been no large scandals so far.At the same time, the food sector was subject to a whole range of crises, of which the BSE scandal was certainly the most significant one. In reaction to this, the regulatory regime for foodstuffs was reformed by setting up a European Food Safety Agency in 2002. This article adopts an historical-instituionalist approach, and thus tries to give an explanation for the striking differences between the two regulatory regimes. Accordingly, the development of supranational regulatory regimes is distinguished by two critical junctures: a crisis of consumer confidence and the establishment of a single market. It is crucial which of these occurred first. If a crisis of consumer confidence leads to the establishment of national regulatory authorities, these authorities act as stakeholders, which could be an obstacle for harmonization, but also ensures a necessary commitment to health and consumer protection once a single market is set up. If national regulatory authorities are missing...

Proliferation Resistance and Material type considerations within the collaborative project for a European Sodium Fast Reactor

RENDA Guido; COJAZZI Giacomo; ALIM FATIH
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The collaborative project for a European Sodium Fast Reactor (CP-ESFR) is an international project where 25 European partners developed Research & Development solutions and concepts for a European sodium fast reactor. The project was funded by the 7th European Union Framework Programme and covered topics such as the reactor architectures and components, the fuel, the fuel element and the fuel cycle, and the safety concepts. Within sub-project 3, dedicated to safety, a task addressed proliferation resistance considerations. The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection (PR&PP) Evaluation Methodology has been selected as the general framework for this work, complemented by punctual aspects of the IAEA-INPRO Proliferation Resistance methodology and other literature studies - in particular for material type characterization. The activity has been carried out taking the GIF PR&PP Evaluation Methodology and its Addendum as the general guideline for identifying potential nuclear material diversion targets. The targets proliferation attractiveness has been analyzed in terms of the suitability of the targets’ nuclear material as the basis for its use in nuclear explosives. To this aim the PR&PP Fissile Material Type measure was supplemented by other literature studies...

DataM – Biomass estimates (v3): a new database to quantify biomass availability in the European Union

RONZON TEVECIA; PIOTROWSKI Stephan; CARUS Michael
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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In 2012, the Communication of the European Commission "Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe" (COM(2012)60) has put the development of the Bioeconomy at the forefront, as a way of reconciling economic growth and the green economy. But current official statistics fall short in providing relevant data to document this new concept. The establishment of the bioeconomy observatory (BISO) aims at filling this gap, compiling qualitative and quantitative data of relevance for policy makers. Considering that biomass is the raw material of the bioeconomy, JRC-IPTS together with the Nova- Institute has elaborated in the BISO framework a new database that quantifies the production and residues of biomass: DataM – Biomass estimates. Compared to existing databases like Eurostat-MFA (env_ac_mfa) and SERI Global material flows, this new database presents a higher level of disaggregation at the geographical and commodity level. Moreover, it allows gathering data either into fresh or dry matter. This database is stored in DataM, a JRC data management tool, and is accessible via two applications: the full version in datamintracomm for all European commission staff, and a public light version online datamweb. Apart from offering a quantification of crop biomass and residues at European level...

Proliferation Resistance and Material type considerations within the collaborative project for a European Sodium Fast Reactor

RENDA Guido; ALIM Fatih; COJAZZI Giacomo
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
Português
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The collaborative project for a European Sodium Fast Reactor (CP‑ESFR) is an international project where 25 European partners developed Research & Development solutions and concepts for a European sodium fast reactor. The project was funded by the 7th European Union Framework Programme and covered topics such as the reactor architectures and components, the fuel, the fuel element and the fuel cycle, and the safety concepts. Within sub‑project 3, dedicated to safety, a task addressed proliferation resistance considerations. The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection (PR&PP) Evaluation Methodology has been selected as the general framework for this work, complemented by punctual aspects of the IAEA‑INPRO Proliferation Resistance methodology and other literature studies - in particular for material type characterization. The activity has been carried out taking the GIF PR&PP Evaluation Methodology and its Addendum as the general guideline for identifying potential nuclear material diversion targets. The targets proliferation attractiveness has been analysed in terms of the suitability of the targets’ nuclear material as the basis for its use in nuclear explosives. To this aim the PR&PP Fissile Material Type measure was supplemented by other literature studies...

An approach to describe the agri-food and other bio-based sectors in the European Union. Focus on Spain

CARDENETE FLORES MANUEL ALEJANDRO; BOULANGER PIERRE; DELGADO LÓPEZ MARÍA DEL CARMEN; FERRARI EMANUELE; M'BAREK Robert
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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The European agri-food and other bio-based sectors exceed 2 000 billion euros a year in turnover and employ roughly 22 million workers. This paper adopts an inclusive definition of the agri-food and other bio-based sectors that encompasses agriculture, forestry, fisheries, food and pulp and paper production, as well as parts of industries that use natural and renewable resources in their production processes, i.e. the chemical, biotechnological and energy industries. However, the focus is clearly on the sectors directly linked to agricultural production and the food industry. Having a comprehensive understanding of extended agri-food economic linkages is critical when designing pertinent policies which aim to deliver the full potential of strong European agri-food and other bio-based sectors. In turn, this requires a more disaggregated view. The JRC-IPTS (AGRILIFE unit) has developed a set of Social Accounting Matrices (SAM) for the EU-27 with a highly disaggregated agricultural sector (AgroSAMs) (Müller et al., 2009) for the year 2000. This study uses for the first time fully disaggregated AgroSAMs in order to provide a descriptive analysis of the agri-food and other bio-based sectors. The limits of this approach are evident, as many changes in the EU economies have taken place within a decade. However...

EU counterterrorism and the European neighbourhood policy: an appraisal of the southern dimension

KAUNERT, Christian; LEONARD, Sarah
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Terrorists trained on European soil, but originating from the Middle East, attacked the world's only superpower on September 11, 2001. Countering this terrorist threat has become an increasingly significant part of European Foreign Policy. At the same time, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) has become an increasingly important dimension of European Foreign Policy. This article examines the extent to which counterterrorism has occupied a prominent place in the ENP, with a particular focus on the Southern Mediterranean ENP partners. The findings of this article suggest that, despite the commonly held view in the literature that security issues, in particular terrorism, have dominated the ENP agenda, counterterrorism cooperation between the European Union (EU) and its Southern Mediterranean ENP partners has not advanced as much as might have been expected.

“Between a rock and a hard place?”: the European Union's financial sanctions against suspected terrorists, multilateralism and human rights

LEONARD, Sarah; KAUNERT, Christian
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This article focuses on the financial sanctions adopted by the European Union (EU) against individuals suspected of involvement in terrorist activities. This sanctions regime has been sharply criticised for its negative impact on human rights and has seen several judicial challenges before the European Courts. In contrast with most of the existing literature, which focuses on legal issues or examines the consequences of the EU financial sanctions, this article takes a step back to examine the reasons for which the EU decided to adopt these controversial financial sanctions in the first place. This article argues that it is mainly its commitment to 'UN-centred effective multilateralism' that has led the EU to adopt these financial sanctions measures in order to align itself with the UN financial sanctions regime. However, the Kadi landmark ruling of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has challenged the pre-eminence of multilateralism over other considerations, such as the respect for human rights. As the Court of Justice prepares to hand down its second judgment in this case, the EU is left torn between its commitment to multilateralism and its commitment to human rights, which can be fully reconciled only if the UN sanctions regime meets the EU's human rights standards.

Efectos sobre el sector lácteo en Colombia de la desgravación simultanea de aranceles a los productos del sector, negociada en el tratado de libre comercio con la Unión Europea

Monterrosa Salinas, Gabriel Eduardo
Fonte: Facultad de economía Publicador: Facultad de economía
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/08/2013 Português
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Con la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC) entre los países que conforman la Unión Europea (UE) y Colombia, se abre un camino complejo y dinámico de flujos en comercio exterior que, sin duda, traerá beneficios y desventajas para la actividad productora de leche cruda en Colombia, a raíz de la forma como se hicieron las negociaciones del acuerdo. Partiendo de esta premisa, el presente trabajo de grado, hace un análisis cualitativo de los efectos previsibles que la implementación del TLC de la referencia tendrá sobre el sector lácteo en Colombia; With the signing of the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the countries of the European Union (EU) and Colombia, opens a complex and dynamic way trade flows that will undoubtedly bring benefits and disadvantages for producing activity of raw milk in Colombia, due to the way the settlement negotiations were made. On this premise, this paper grade, makes a qualitative analysis of the anticipated effects that the implementation of the FTA will reference on the dairy sector in Colombia.

Análisis del efecto de engranaje generado por la entrada en vigor del Tratado de Lisboa el 1 de diciembre de 2009 en el marco de la Política Común de Seguridad y Defensa (PCSD) en la Unión Europea

Acosta Triana, Sebastián
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/04/2013 Português
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El proceso de integración en Unión Europea se caracteriza por la incorporación de los asuntos de seguridad exterior y defensa, tras el Tratado de Lisboa se enmarcaron en la PCSD. Dicha política por un proceso de integración progresiva, Spillover, ha tenido periodos de reactivación y de letargos.; The integration process of the European Union is characterized by the incorporation of external security and defense affairs, after the Treaty of Lisbon were within the CSDP. This policy through a process of progressive integration, Spillover, has had periods of reactivation and lethargy

El manejo de la política exterior durante el gobierno de Andrés Pastrana y la incidencia de Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea

Rodriguez Herrera, Carolina
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/08/2010 Português
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El manejo de la política exterior durante la administración de Andrés Pastrana representa un hito en la historia colombiana, ya que durante este cuatrienio se le dio especial importancia a las relaciones con otros Estados, del mismo modo se logro obtener apoyo internacional para la consecución de los objetivos nacionales en búsqueda de la paz. Como resultado Estados Unidos y la Unión Europa se interesaron sobre la situación colombiana, sin embargo su participación en los asuntos internos trajo consigo consecuencias favorables y desfavorables.; The foreign policy during Andres Pastrana presidential administration represents a milestone in the Colombian history, during this four years period the international relations were one of the most important aspects of the government policies, and promote the international interest for local aspects as well. As an outcome the United States and the European Union focus their attention in the Colombian events; however their enrolment in the internal affairs brought within some positives and adverse consequences for the Colombian situation.

Análisis del concepto de desarrollo sostenible en el acuerdo de asociación de la unión europea y Colombia en el sector hortifructífero

Nava Sáenz, Ana María
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2015 Português
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El presente estudio de caso tiene como objetivo explicar la incidencia de la adopción del enfoque del concepto de Desarrollo Sostenible en el Acuerdo de asociación entre la Unión Europea y Colombia en el sector hortifructífero colombiano. Se realiza una análisis y se identifica cómo el enfoque adoptado por las partes, no le brinda igual importancia a los tres pilares del desarrollo sostenible, por lo tanto se dificulta su aplicación en el sector hortifructífero. Partiendo del concepto planteado por Jeffrey Sachs, se evidencian las falencias del concepto adoptado en el acuerdo, y se establecen las dificultades de la aplicación del concepto de desarrollo sostenible estipulado en el acuerdo de asociación, dentro del sector hortifructífero atendiendo a las dinámicas del mundo actual. Esta investigación surge a raíz de la creciente importancia que ha tenido el desarrollo sostenible en el ámbito internacional, estableciéndolo como punto fundamental en la agenda internacional. ría; The purpose of the present case study is to explain the incidence of the adopted sustainable development approach at the Association Agreement with the European Union and Colombia in the fruit and vegetable sector. This investigation identifies and analyzes that the adopted approach doesn’t give the same importance to the three different sustainable development pillars therefore...

Análisis de la Política Exterior y de Seguridad Común (PESC) de la Unión Europea (EU). 1992 - 2006.

Burgos González, Jaime Alberto
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/03/2014 Português
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Caso de Estudio. Análisis de la formulación de la Política Exterior y de Seguridad Común (PESC) de la Unión Europea desde 1992 a 2006. Enfoque realizado a partir de la teoría de las 'Nuevas Guerras' de M. Kaldor y la crisis desarrollada en la región de los Balcanes.; Case Study. Formulation analysis of the Foreign and Security Policy (PESC) of European Union from 1992 to 2006. Approach made ​​from the M. Kaldor theory of 'New Wars' and the crisis developed in the Western Balkans.

Análisis de las relaciones comerciales entre la Unión Europea y Colombia en el sector Bananero. Periodo 2001-2010

Hernández Pardo, Paula
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/09/2011 Português
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Analizar los distintos elementos que marcaron y definieron las negociaciones sobre la industria bananera entre Colombia y La Unión Europea que condujeron a la reducción del arancel en las importaciones de banano despues de una larga y compleja disputa.; I was looking to analyze the different elements that marked and defined the negotiations about the banana industry between Colombia and the European Union that lead finally, after a long and complex dispute to the reduction for its banana importation tariff.

Derechos humanos en la Turquía del siglo XXI y el proceso de adhesión del país a la Unión Europea; un análisis desde la influencia del marco institucional turco, una difícil “europeización” y la consecuente contraposición entre las partes

Mora Forero, Ivan Felipe
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2013 Português
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Esta tesis aborda la cuestión de la adhesión de Turquía a la Unión Europea y su posible desenlace, ahondando en la temática de los Derechos Humanos, la capacidad de adaptación institucional y en la influencia que éstos factores han tenido sobre el desarrollo y las fases del proceso de adhesión.; This thesis addresses the issue of the adhesion of Turkey to the European Union and its possible outcome, deepening in the topic of Human Rights, the capability of institutional adaptation and the influence that such factors have had on the development and the phases of the adhesion process.

La influencia de los gremios del sector lácteo en la negociación del Acuerdo Comercial entre Colombia y la Unión Europea

Amaya, Germán Danilo
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno Publicador: Facultad de Ciencia Política y Gobierno
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/01/2014 Português
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Dado que los estudios sobre gremios, en líneas generales, han concluido que estos actores han influido poco en las decisiones de corte económico del Estado colombiano, se ha querido analizar en qué medida las agremiaciones que representan la cadena láctea influyeron en los resultados de la negociación del Acuerdo Comercial entre Colombia y la Unión Europea. Para abordar este desafío se adoptó el modelo de los lugares múltiples y cambio de recursos de Adam Sheingate, Frank Baumgartner y Brian Jones, el cual hace hincapié en las acciones de los grupos de interés en las instituciones donde se elaboran y deciden las políticas de Estado. También se adoptó el enfoque neopluralista por su énfasis en la influencia de los grupos de interés que cuentan con más recursos económicos y financieros. Por otra parte, se reconocen los factores que permitieron a los gremios del sector lácteo influir en este proceso; entre los que se encuentran: las instituciones y los agentes del Estado colombiano responsables de llevar a cabo esta negociación; las presiones de otros actores, como lo fueron la Unión Europea y otros gremios de la producción; y la división de los gremios del sector en la fase final de la negociación. Finalmente...

Aportes de la Unión Europea al desarrollo sostenible de Colombia: diagnóstico de la cooperación en el cumplimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en el periodo 2006-2010

Vásquez González, Laura Marina
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2013 Português
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La presente investigación diagnóstica busca analizar las dinámicas de cooperación al desarrollo entre la Unión Europea y Colombia para el cumplimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, específicamente el Objetivo 7 que busca garantizar la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente.; This diagnostic research seeks to explain the dynamics of development cooperation between the European Union and Colombia for the fulfillment of the Millennium Development Goals, specifically the Goal 7 which seeks to ensure environmental sustainability.

Acrobacias fronterizas en Ceuta y Melilla. Explorando la gestión de los perímetros terrestres de la Unión Europea en el continente africano

Ferrer Gallardo, Xavier
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
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Este texto explora la evolución de la gestión de las fronteras de Ceuta y Melilla con Marruecos, a partir de la entrada de España en la Unión Europea en 1986. Se examina el perfil progresivamente acrobático de los regímenes fronterizos euroafricanos con respecto a los flujos de personas y mercancías. Asimismo, se argumenta que la administración de las fronteras entre las dos ciudades autónomas y Marruecos acentúa la lógica contradictoria de suavización y fortificación en la que se encuentra inmerso el conjunto de las fronteras exteriores de la Unión Europea.; Aquest text explora l’evolució de la gestió de les fronteres de Ceuta i Melilla amb el Marroc, d’ençà de l’entrada d’Espanya a la Unió Europea el 1986. S’hi examina el perfil progressivament acrobàtic dels règims fronterers euroafricans, en relació amb els fluxos de persones i mercaderies. A més a més, s’hi argumenta que l’administració de les fronteres entre les dues ciutats autònomes i el Marroc accentua la lògica contradictòria de suavització i fortificació en què es troba immers el conjunt de les fronteres exteriors de la Unió Europea.; Ce texte a pour but d’explorer l’évolution de la gestion des frontières de Ceuta et Melilla avec le Maroc à partir de l’entrée de l’Espagne dans l’Union Européenne en 1986. Nous examinons le profil de plus en plus acrobatique de ces régimes frontaliers en ce qui concerne les flux de personnes et de marchandises. De même...