Página 16 dos resultados de 2119 itens digitais encontrados em 0.003 segundos

A non parametric survival analysis of business demography dynamics in Portugal

Nunes, Alcina; Sarmento, Elsa
Fonte: Ministério da Economia Publicador: Ministério da Economia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
This article addresses the post-entry performance of Portuguese firms, using survival and hazard functions, along a period of eighteen years, from 1985 to 2007. The method follows the “Manual on Business Demography Statistics” (OECD/Eurostat, 2007), so as to assure international comparability with other datasets, such those from the Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme (OECD/Eurostat 2008 and 2009). In the exercise, we use a sub-set of the Quadros de Pessoal dataset (Employment Administrative Records by the Portuguese Ministry of Labour and Social Security), where only active employer enterprises are considered. The survival analysis is then disaggregated in different dimensions, namely sectors, regions and size class.

Entrepreneurship in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina
Fonte: GEE/GPEARI Publicador: GEE/GPEARI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, the methodology and definitions of the Eurostat/OECD´s “Manual on Business Demography Statistics”. This allows us to address entrepreneurship indicators comparability issues and exploit complementarities to support entrepreneurship patterns and trends previously identified by other national and international sources. We highlight the importance of considering information other than business registries, in particular when calculating business entry rates. Datasets where economically active units can be identified provide a better proxy for the true level of business creation and activity in Portugal.

Business creation in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina
Fonte: MIBES - Management of International Business and Economic Systems Publicador: MIBES - Management of International Business and Economic Systems
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, the methodology and definitions of the Eurostat/OECD´s “Manual on Business Demography Statistics”. This allows us to address entrepreneurship indicators comparability issues and exploit complementarities to support entrepreneurship patterns and trends previously identified by other national and international sources. We highlight the importance of considering information other than business registries, in particular when calculating business entry rates. Datasets where economically active units can be identified provide a better proxy for the true level of business creation and activity in Portugal.

Entrepreneurship in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina
Fonte: ICABE - International Conference on Applied Business Economics Publicador: ICABE - International Conference on Applied Business Economics
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, the methodology and definitions of the Eurostat/OECD´s “Manual on Business Demography Statistics”. This allows us to address entrepreneurship indicators comparability issues and exploit complementarities to support entrepreneurship patterns and trends previously identified by other national and international sources. We highlight the importance of considering information other than business registries, in particular when calculating business entry rates. Datasets where economically active units can be identified provide a better proxy for the true level of business creation and activity in Portugal.

Business creation in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina
Fonte: GEE - Gabinete de Estratégia e estudos, Ministério da Economia, Inovação e Desenvolvimento Publicador: GEE - Gabinete de Estratégia e estudos, Ministério da Economia, Inovação e Desenvolvimento
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, the methodology and definitions of the Eurostat/OECD´s “Manual on Business Demography Statistics”. This allows us to address entrepreneurship indicators comparability issues and exploit complementarities to support entrepreneurship patterns and trends previously identified by other national and international sources. We highlight the importance of considering information other than business registries, in particular when calculating business entry rates. Datasets where economically active units can be identified provide a better proxy for the true level of business creation and activity in Portugal.

Levels of education, growth and policy complementarities

Simões, Marta; Duarte, Adelaide
Fonte: FEUC. Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros Publicador: FEUC. Grupo de Estudos Monetários e Financeiros
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Human capital acquired in the formal education sector is essential for knowledge creation and dissemination but the theoretical and empirical growth literature identifies other major determinants of innovation and imitation activities (R&D, international trade and FDI). This paper is an empirical investigation in a panel data framework of the effects of education and its sub-categories on economic growth emphasizing its complementarity with the other major determinants of technological change and growth. For this purpose we focus on a sample of OECD countries during the last decades of the twentieth century and use an extended and augmented version of the Benhabib and Spiegel (1994) growth specification that considers the role of education in innovation and imitation activities and that interacts education with the other major determinants of technological change. The results reveal the importance of education for growth through technology diffusion and domestic innovation activities. To fully exploit the benefits from R&D expenses in terms of growth the average OECD country needs a sufficient level of secondary and tertiary education and to benefit from the technology incorporated in imports of machinery countries need a sufficient level of overall education.

Toxicity of phenmedipham and carbendazim to Enchytraeus crypticus and Eisenia andrei (Oligochaeta) in Mediterranean soils

Chelinho, Sonia; Domene, Xavier; Campana, Paolo; Andrés, Pilar; Römbke, Jörg; Sousa, J. P.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
Purpose The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the toxicity of two reference chemicals, Carbendazim and Phenmedipham, for the compostworm Eisenia andrei (effects of Carbendazim) and the potworm Enchytraeus crypticus (effects of Phenmedipham) in 12 Mediterranean soils with contrasting soil properties. The observed toxicity was also compared to that obtained for OECD standard soil, used as a control. Materials and methods The soils were selected to be representative for the Mediterranean region and to cover a broad range of soil properties. The evaluated endpoints were avoidance behavior and reproduction. Soils were also assembled in two groups according to their pedological properties. Results and discussion Toxicity benchmarks (AC50s) obtained for E. andrei avoidance behavior in carbendazim-contaminated soils were generally higher for sandy soils with low pH. The toxic effects on the reproduction of the compostworms were similar in the six tested soils, indicating a low influence of soil properties. The avoidance response of E. crypticus towards Phenmedipham was generally highly variable in all tested soils. Even though, a higher toxicity was observed for more acidic soils. The EC50s for reproduction of the latter species varied by a factor of 9 and Phenmedipham toxicity also tended to be increasing in soils with lower pH...

What Determines the Likelihood of Structural Reforms?

Agnello, Luca; Castro, Vitor; Jalles, João Tovar; Sousa, Ricardo M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.62%
We use data for a panel of 60 countries over the period 1980-2005 to investigate the main drivers of the likelihood of structural reforms. We find that: (i) external debt crises are the main trigger of financial and banking reforms; (ii) inflation and banking crises are the key drivers of external capital account reforms; (iii) banking crises also hasten financial reforms; and (iv) economic recessions play an important role in promoting the necessary consensus for financial, capital, banking and trade reforms, especially in the group of OECD-countries. Additionally, we also observe that the degree of globalisation is relevant for financial reforms, in particular in the group of non-OECD countries. Moreover, an increase in the income gap accelerates the implementation of structural reforms, but increased political fragmentation does not seem to have a significant impact.

Synthetic Amorphous Silicon Dioxide (NM-200, NM-201, NM-202, NM-203, NM-204): Characterisation and Physico-Chemical Properties

RASMUSSEN Kirsten; MECH AGNIESZKA; MAST Jan; DE TEMMERMAN Pieter-Jan; WAEGENEERS Nadia; VAN STEEN Frederic; PIZZOLON Jean Christophe; DE TEMMERMAN Ludwig; VAN DOREN Elke; JENSEN Keld Astrup; BIRKEDAL Renie; LEVIN Marcus; NIELSEN Signe Hjortkjaer; KOPONEN
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides scientific support to European Union policy including nanotechnology. Within this context, the JRC launched, in February 2011, a repository for Representative Test Materials (RTMs), based on preparatory work started in 2008. It supports both EU and international research projects, and especially the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials (WPMN). The WPMN leads an exploratory testing programme "Testing a Representative set of Manufactured Nanomaterials" for the development and collection of data on characterisation, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties, as well as risk assessment and safety evaluation of nanomaterials. The purpose is to understand the applicability of the OECD Test Guidelines for the testing of nanomaterials as well as end-points relevant for such materials. The Repository responds to a need for nanosafety research purposes: availability of nanomaterial from a single production batch to enhance the comparability of results between different research laboratories and projects. The availability of representative nanomaterials to the international scientific community furthermore enhances and enables development of safe materials and products. The present report presents the physico-chemical characterisation of the synthetic amorphous silicon dioxide (SiO2...

Highly-Skilled Migration Patterns and Development: The Case of Egypt

SIKA, Nadine
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Euro-Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM); This paper analyzed the highly skilled migration patterns in Egypt and its impact on Egyptian development. The main question herein, is whether highly skilled migration patterns in the case of Egypt induces development or underdevelopment. The study found out that highly skilled migration patterns from Egypt, to the OECD and the Gulf, contribute positively to the development process of Egypt. Highly skilled migrants, find more employment opportunities outside of Egypt, whose labor market is incapable of absorbing high numbers of highly skilled individuals. Moreover, highly skilled migrants are capable of sending a large amount of remittances, amounting to 4 percent of the Egyptian GDP. Last but not least, highly skilled migration is an important contributor to "brain circulation", which increases the entrepreneurial skills of a large number of Egyptian migrants. Concerning highly-skilled immigrants in Egypt, their presence is of no threat to the Egyptian development process; on the contrary, their presence produces more small-scale businesses, which in turn creates employment in the Egyptian labour market. The Egyptian government's policies encourage migration of the highly skilled...

Migrations hors et vers le Niger : Une analyse selon le genre

MAGA, Hamidou Issaka
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Euro-Mediterranean Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM); L’étude des migrations selon le genre s’impose en ce sens qu’elle permet de mettre en évidence certaines inégalités et iniquités entre hommes et femmes, ainsi que les progrès accomplis ou non vers leur réduction. Ainsi, la présente étude portant sur les migrations internationales hors et vers le Niger a permis de faire ressortir certains faits intéressants montrant notamment que, concernant l’immigration, les femmes sont également concernées et peuvent poursuivre leurs propres objectifs dans le domaine de la mobilité internationale. Concernant la population nigérienne résidente dans les pays de l’OCDE, la proportion des femmes se rapproche de celle des hommes en France (49%), principale destination de la zone, pour 66% des émigrants nigériens ; une forte présence féminine (43%) est également observée pour l’ensemble des pays membres. Cependant, au niveau du marché de travail de cet espace développé, les femmes ne représentent que 35% de l’effectif des actifs employés. Par rapport à la situation dans l’emploi, les émigrées nigériennes montrent une situation très défavorisée : le taux d’activité selon le sexe diffère largement en passant de 74% parmi les hommes à 59% chez les femmes ; le taux de chômage est même plus défavorisant en atteignant 25% pour les femmes (vs 15% chez les hommes). Enfin...

Road Sector Performance Indicators for African Countries; Performance du secteur routier

Silva, Samantha de; Kamwendo, Christine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
In developed and developing countries, road systems are central not only to the economic health of the nation, but also to the quality of the environment and, in general, the quality of life. Public awareness of this fact has forced road administrations to be accountable for road system performance. Despite the efforts of many countries, there has been no transparent measurement or comparable evaluation standards for road systems performance. But in 1996 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) embarked on an international effort involving thirteen countries and created a scientific expert group to develop a set of performance indicators to address this need. Concentrating only on issues related to road systems, they set out to create performance indicators that will be comprehensive, holistic, and will help road administrations to evaluate themselves, respond more effectively to decision makers and constituents, and even allow some comparisons with peer countries. The complete OECD expert group report...

Strengthening Kazakhstan's Education Systems : An Analysis of PISA 2009 and 2012

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Kazakhstan's Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 performance improved markedly compared to 2009, and indicated a narrowing achievement gap among students. Math and science performance improvements equivalent to more than half a year of schooling were achieved. According to the OECD, 40 points in PISA is equivalent to what students learn in one year of schooling. The improvements reduced the gap with other countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA) by almost half. Moreover, the performance improvements of the lowest achievers in 2009 and 2012 outpaced those of their higher achieving peers at a rate that compares favorably against OECD countries. However, performance on reading improved only marginally and overall reading achievement remained low, with some groups of students actually performing worse in 2012. Kazakhstan's PISA performance places it significantly behind other countries, especially in reading. Countries with income per capita levels similar to Kazakhstan's (namely Turkey and Russia) performed significantly better in math...

Directed Technical Change and International Trade

DUDLEY, Léonard; MOENIUS, Johannes
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 187727 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Recent changes in comparative advantage in the largest OECD economies differ significantly from the predictions of Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek theory. Japan's rising share of OECD machinery exports and the improvement in the comparative advantage of the USA and Germany in heavy industry were accompanied by growing scarcities of the factors used intensively in the favored sector of each country. Here we examine Acemoglu's (1998, 2002) hypothesis that technical change may be directed toward raising the marginal productivity of abundant factors. Testing this hypothesis with 1970-1992 export data from 14 OECD countries, we find evidence that international comparative advantage was reshaped by innovation biased toward the abundant factors in the largest economies.

Essays in development economics and finance

Ramalho, Rita Maria, 1975-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 109 p.; 4774909 bytes; 4774716 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
This thesis is a collection of three essays on development economics and finance. The first chapter studies the 1992 presidential impeachment in Brazil to evaluate the impact of an anti-corruption drive on politically connected companies. I identify two types of firms: companies owned by friends and relatives of the impeached president ('family-connected') and firms proven to be connected to him in a parliamentary investigation ('other-connected'). Using an event study procedure, I establish that family-connected firms have on average negative daily abnormal returns of 2 to 9 percentage points when damaging information about the president is released. However, the 'other-connected' companies do not experience a decline in their stock market valuation during the impeachment. Furthermore, the stock market decline experienced by 'family connected' companies was reversed entirely within a year. The impeachment had limited success in reducing corruption. The second chapter evaluates the effects on multinational firms of the OECD "Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions". I compare the balance sheet performance of foreign companies in 24 developing host countries whose source countries have implemented the convention with the performance of firms whose source countries have not yet implemented it. I find that the OECD convention had a negative impact on profit and sales growth of multinational companies. This effect is amplified in countries with less efficient bureaucracies. In economies where bribery is more valuable to firms...

Regulating Indonesia's high wealth individual taxpayers: ideas for policy transfer

Widihartanto, Sekti
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
A growing challenge for tax authorities worldwide is managing the tax compliance of high wealth individuals (HWIs). The OECD promotes comparative policy learning as an approach to addressing such shared problems. It also gives its imprimatur to ‘best practice’ for OECD countries wishing to strengthen their regulatory frameworks. Among OECD recommendations are for tax administrations to invest in specialised HWI initiatives. While such initiatives have gained popularity, this thesis presents evidence to suggest that the divergence of tax regulatory practices and policies can reduce the transferability of such policy lessons and practices. Indonesia, despite its developing status and the relative immaturity of its tax administration, adopted a HWI initiative in 2009. This thesis investigates the process of this transfer and, in particular, its implementation in the Directorate General of Taxation (DGT). The policy transfer framework of Dolowitz and Marsh (1996; 2000) was used as the theoretical starting point for the thesis. The notions of ‘uninformed’, ‘incomplete’, and ‘insufficient’ transfer provided by the framework, however, are terms too broad for understanding processes that may lead to failure. A process approach...

From research to patents within Spanish Public Research Organisations (PROs)

García, Clara Eugenia; Sanz Menéndez, Luis
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Published in: OECD, Turning Science into Business: Patenting and Licensing at Public Research Organisations, 203-222, Paris: OECD, 2003.; Current social and economic trends, dominated by market globalisation, technological innovation and the economics of information and knowledge, have renewed interest of both policy makers and social researchers in intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes (Maskus, 2000). In the specific field of scientific and technological research, IPR concerns are the protection of knowledge produced through international co-operation (EC, 2002a), the role of S&T policies (EC, 1999) and the management of IPR in the context of publicly funded research (EC, 2002b). The management of IPR in public research organisations (PROs) has been addressed mainly through legal protection and commercialisation of their scientific and technological research activities (OECD, 2002a; 2002b). Discussion of IPR and knowledge management in public research organisations (PROs)2 might be framed as part of a broader debate including: i) patterns of interaction and co-operation between academic research and business organisations; ii) alternative funding sources of R&D activities conducted by PROs; iii) the impact of strategic science and technology (S&T) policies; and iv) the legal framework for IPR protection. This chapter argues that the increasing relevance of strategic use of IPR in PROs is the combined effect over the last 15 years of three processes. First...

Soil pollution by nonylphenol and nonylphenol ethoxylates and their effects to plants and invertebrates

Domene, X; Ramírez Hernández, Wilson Ariel; Solà i Sau, Laura; Alcañiz, Josep M.; Andrés Pastor, Pilar
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
Background, aim, and scope. Nonylphenol polyethoxylates (NPEOs) are a widely used class of nonionic surfactants known to be toxic and endocrine-disrupting contaminants. Their use and production have been banned in the European Union and substituted by other surfactants considered as environmentally safer. However, their use continues in many countries without any legal control. Discharges of effluents from wastewater treatment plants and the application of sewage sludge application, landfilling, and accidental spillage to soils are the major sources of NPEOs in the environment. The biodegradation of these surfactants is relatively easy, leading to the accumulation of the simplest chemical forms of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NP, NP1EO, and NP2EO) and nonylphenol carboxy acids (NP2EC or NP1EC). However, these are also the most toxic end-products and have a higher environmental persistence. Compared to aquatic ecosystems, not much is known about the effects of NPEOs in terrestrial organisms, with few studies mainly centered on the effects on plants and soil microorganisms. The main aim of this study is to provide the range of concentrations of NPEOs with ecotoxicological effects on different plants and soil invertebrate species. In addition...

Cross section distribution dynamics.

Lamo, Ana Rosa
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
This thesis contains four chapters. Each chapter constitutes an empirical exercise in which I apply econometric ideas on studying the dynamics of large cross sections of data (Random Fields). Three of them concern the empirics of convergence and the fourth analyses business cycle fluctuations. The first, "Notes on Convergence Empirics: Some Calculations for Spanish Regions," describes the econometric methods for studying the dynamics of the distributions and how to characterise convergence in this framework, explains why the standard cross-section regression analysis is misleading when testing for convergence and then performs some calculations for regions in Spain. The second chapter, "Dynamics of the Income Distribution Across OECD Countries", considers its baseline hypotheses to be those generated by the Solow growth model. Using sequential conditioning, it studies whether the convergence hypothesis implications can be shown to hold for the OECD economies. It finds that neither absolute nor conditional convergence, in the sense of economies approaching the OECD average, has taken place. The third chapter, "Cross Sectional Firm Dynamics: Theory and Empirical Results", extends ideas of distribution dynamics to a discrete choice setting...

Global comparative assessments of life expectancy: the impact of migration with reference to Australia

Page,Andrew; Begg,Stephen; Taylor,Richard; Lopez,Alan D
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
16.85%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of immigration on life expectancy in Australia for the period from 1981 to 2003, and to compare life expectancy of the Australian-born population with that of other countries in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). METHODS: Standard life-table methods using age-specific all-cause mortality and population data from 1981 to 2003 were used to calculate life expectancy at birth (e0) for the total Australian population (including migrants) and for people born in Australia (excluding migrants). Mean differences in life expectancy for each sex were compared using paired t-tests. Rankings of life expectancy among OECD countries were reassessed, and rank changes measured using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. FINDINGS: Life expectancy of males and females was significantly lower in the Australian-born group than in the total Australian population. During 1981 to 2003, there was a mean difference in life expectancy of 0.41 years (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.37-0.44; t17 = 27.0; P < 0.0001) in males and 0.29 years (95% CI: 0.26-0.31; t17 = 27.6; P < 0.0001) in females between the Australian-born and the total population. After excluding migrant groups, Australia no longer ranked among the top five OECD countries with the highest life expectancy in the two most recent years examined. CONCLUSION: While Australia has one of the highest life expectancies in the industrialized world...