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The EU accession to the ECHR

Fonte: Hart Publicador: Hart
Tipo: Livro
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Article 6 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) provides that the EU will accede to the system of human rights protection of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Protocol No 9 in the Treaty of Lisbon opens the way for accession. This represents a major change in the relationship between two organisations that have co-operated closely in the past, though the ECHR has hitherto exercised only an indirect constitutional control over the EU legal order through scrutiny of EU Member States. The accession of the EU to the ECHR is expected to put an end to the informal dialogue, and allegedly also competition between the two regimes in Europe and to establish formal (both normative and institutional) hierarchies. In this new era, some old problems will be solved and new ones will appear. Questions of autonomy and independence, of attribution and allocation of responsibility, of co-operation, and legal pluralism will all arise, with consequences for the protection of human rights in Europe. This book seeks to understand how relations between the two organisations are likely to evolve after accession, and whether this new model will bring more coherence in European human rights protection. The book analyses from several different...

The 2011 Annual Economic Report on the EU Fishing Fleet (STECF-11-16) - Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The 2011 Annual Economic Report (AER) on the European Union (EU) fishing fleet provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure and economic performance of EU Member States fishing fleets. Results suggest that the total amount of income generated by the EU fishing fleet in 2009 (excluding Greece) was €6.8 billion. This amount consisted of just below €6.5 billion in fish sales, €36.9 million in fishing rights transactions, €99.8 million in non-fishing income, and €201.2 million in direct income subsidies. The total costs incurred by the EU fishing fleet in 2009 (excluding Greece) were €6.9 billion. This amount consisted of just below €2 billion in crew wages, €1.1 billion in fuel costs, €580 million in repair costs, €761 million in other variable costs, €898 million in fixed costs, €102 million in fishing rights costs, €243 million in unpaid labour, €854 million in depreciation costs and €353 million in opportunity costs (interest). The total amount of Gross Value Added (GVA), Operating cash flow (OCF) and economic profit/loss generated by the EU fishing fleet (excluding Greece) in 2009 was €3.13 billion (a 13% increase from 2008), €1.35 billion (a 12% increase from 2008) and €–99.5 million (a decrease of €207 million from 2008) respectively. Between 2002 and 2008...

Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) - Economic Performance of the EU Aquaculture Sector (STECF-OWP-12- 03)

Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This EWG-11-14 report, on the Economic Performance of the European Union (EU) Aquaculture sector, is the first report of this type produced for the sector. It provides a comprehensive overview of the latest information available on the structure, social, economic and competitive performance of the aquaculture sector at both national and EU level. The data used in this publication was collected under the Data Collection Framework (DCF). In 2009, the aquaculture sector production in the EU-22 (excluding the 5 landlocked Member States) accounted for 1.30 million tones, with an estimated turnover of 3.33 billion Euros. In the EU there are about 15,000 companies, whose main activity is the aquaculture production, producing a Gross Value Added of almost 270 million Euros. Profitability in 2009, based on the return on investment calculated from the EBIT was negative at -1.6 %, meaning that the sector has been suffering losses. The EU aquaculture sector gave direct employment to around 80,000 people in Europe, with an annual average wage of around 13,750 Euro. Women accounted for 25 % of these jobs. The large percentage of part-time work in the sector should be highlighted, as can be seen through comparison of the total employment numbers with employment expressed in Full Time Equivalents (FTE is 38 % of the total number of employees). The economic performance and the productivity differ enormously by segment. The cost structures of the different segments are also presented on the report. While the EU aquaculture sector has made several achievements over the last decades...

Projection of the Future EU Forest CO2 Sink as Affected by Recent Bioenergy Policies Using Two Advanced Forest Management Models

BOTTCHER Hannes; VERKERK Hans; GUSTI Mykola; HAVLIK Peter; GRASSI Giacomo
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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Forests of the 30 European Union (EU) have been intensively managed for decades, and they have formed a significant sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere over the past 50 years. The reasons for this behavior are multiple, among them are: forest ageing, area expansion, increasing plant productivity due to environmental changes of many kinds, and, most importantly, the growth rates of European forest having been 35 higher than harvest rates. A relevant question for climate policy is: based on the expected evolution of harvest rates, how long the current sink of EU forests will be maintained in the near future? In this article we describe results of the comparison of two advanced forest management 40 models that are used to project CO2 emissions and removals from EU forests until 2030. EFISCEN, a detailed statistical matrix model and G4M, a geographically explicit economic forestry model, use scenarios of future harvest rates and forest growth information to estimate the future carbon balance of forest biomass. Two scenarios were assessed: the EU baseline scenario and the EU reference scenario (including additional 45 bioenergy and climate policies). EU member states report removals from forest management of around 400 Mt CO2 in 2000 and approximately stable levels in the period 2000-2008. Our projections suggest a significant decline of the sink until 2030 in the baseline scenario of about 25-40% 50 compared to 2010. Including additional bioenergy targets of EU Member States has an effect on the development of this sink. A sensitivity analysis was performed on the role of future wood demand and proved the importance of this driver for the future sink development. This is one on the few studies so far that assesses more comprehensively the tradeoffs of bioenergy use and carbon sequestration at large scale.; JRC.H.2-Air and Climate

Does climate policy make the EU economy more resilient to oil price rises? A CGE analysis

MAISONNAVE Helene; PYCROFT JONATHAN; SAVEYN Bert; CISCAR MARTINEZ Juan Carlos
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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The European Union has committed itself to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20% in 2020 compared with 1990 levels. This paper investigates whether this policy has an additional benefit in terms of economic resilience by protecting the EU from the macroeconomic consequences due to an oil price rise. We use the GEM-E3 computable general equilibrium model to analyze the results of three scenarios. The first one refers to the impact of an increase in the oil price. The second scenario analyses the European climate policy and the third scenario analyses the oil price rise when the European climate policy is implemented. Unilateral EU climate policy implies a cost on the EU of around 1.0% of GDP. An oil price rise in the presence of EU climate policy does imply an additional cost on the EU of 1.5% of GDP (making a total loss of 2.5% of GDP), but this is less than the 2.2% of GDP that the EU would lose from the oil price rise in the absence of climate policy. This is evidence that even unilateral climate policy does offer some economic protection for the EU.; JRC.J.1-Economics of Climate Change, Energy and Transport

Does climate policy make the EU economy more resilient to oil price rises? A CGE analysis

MAISONNAVE Helene; PYCROFT JONATHAN; SAVEYN Bert; CISCAR MARTINEZ Juan Carlos
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The European Union has committed itself to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20% in 2020 compared with 1990 levels. This paper investigates whether this policy has an additional benefit in terms of economic resilience by protecting the EU from the macroeconomic consequences due to an oil price rise. We use the GEM-E3 computable general equilibrium model to analyze the results of three scenarios. The first one refers to the impact of an increase in the oil price. The second scenario analyses the European climate policy and the third scenario analyses the oil price rise when the European climate policy is implemented. Unilateral EU climate policy imposes a cost on the EU of around 1.0% of GDP. An oil price rise in the presence of EU climate policy does impose an additional cost on the EU of 1.5% of GDP, but this is less than the 2.2% of GDP that the EU would lose from the oil price rise in the absence of climate policy. This is evidence that even unilateral climate policy does offer some economic protection for the EU.; JRC.J.1-Economics of Climate Change, Energy and Transport

EU sugar policy : a sweet transition after 2015 ?

BURRELL Alison; HIMICS Mihaly; VAN DOORSLAER BENJAMIN; CIAIAN PAVEL; SHRESTHA Shailesh
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This report compares the production, market and trade outcomes of two alternative policy scenarios, namely expiry of EU sugar quotas in 2015/16 and extension of the current sugar quota scheme. All other EU policy measures pertaining to the sugar sector, and to agriculture more generally, are assumed the same in both scenarios. The year of comparison is 2020. The CAPRI model was used for the simulations. The report begins with a description of beet and sugar production within the EU, and outlines the policies applied in the sugar sector within the EU’s Common Agricultural policy. This is followed by a description of the workings of the EU market for sugar. A theoretical model is used to summarise the main functional relationships in the EU sugar market and related markets, and the EU’s trade in sugar, from which a number of theory-based predictions about the impacts of quota expiry are derived. There is then a very brief overview of the CAPRI model and the way it has been used in this study. Isoglucose quotas will expire along with sugar quotas, and there is much speculation about the extent of potential competitive substitution between the two sweeteners, which has until now been neutralised by the quota arrangements. Sensitivity analysis was performed to obtain greater insight into this issue. Two additional quota-expiry scenarios were run...

The EU Legislation on GMOs: an overview - Update December 2011

PLAN DAMIEN; VAN DEN EEDE Guy
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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Genetic modification, also known as "genetic engineering” or “recombinant-DNA technology” allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, also between non-related species. The products obtained from this technology are commonly called "Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are officially defined in the EU legislation as "organisms in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating or natural recombination". The application of this technology is strictly regulated and the European Union has established an extensive legal framework on GMOs since the early 1990s. This specific legislation has two main objectives: - To protect health and the environment : a genetically modified organism (GMO) or a food product derived from a GMO can only be put on the market in the EU after it has been authorised on the basis of a detailed EU procedure based on a scientific assessment of the risks to health and the environment. - To ensure the free movement of safe and healthy genetically modified products in the European Union: once authorised on the basis of the strict EU GMO authorisation procedure, genetically modified products can be placed on the whole EU market. The entire corpus of European GMO legislation has been amended between 2000 and 2003...

Impacts of climate change on eu agriculture

SHRESTHA Shailesh; CIAIAN PAVEL; HIMICS Mihaly; VAN DOORSLAER BENJAMIN
Fonte: FEM SUA and APES Publicador: FEM SUA and APES
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
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The current paper investigates the medium term economic impact of climate changes on the EU agriculture. The yield change data under climate change scenarios are taken from the BIOMA (Biophysical Models Application) simulation environment. We employ CAPRI modelling framework to identify the EU aggregate economic effects as well as regional impacts. We take into account supply and market price adjustments of the EU agricultural sector as well as technical adaptation of crops to climate change. Overall results indicate an increase in yields and production level in the EU agricultural sector due to the climate change. In general, there are relatively small effects at the EU aggregate. For example, the value of land use and welfare change by approximately between -2% and 0.2%. However, there is a stronger impact at regional level with some stronger effects prevailing particularly in the Central and Northern EU and smaller impacts are observed in Southern Europe. Regional impacts of climate change vary by a factor higher up to 10 relative to the aggregate EU impacts. The price adjustments reduce the response of agricultural sector to climate change in particular with respect to production and income changes. The technical adaption of crops to climate change may result in a change production and land use by a factor between 1.4 and 6 relative to no-adaptation situation.; JRC.J.4-Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Economy

EU agricultural domestic support in GTAP: a proposal for an alternative approach

BOULANGER PIERRE; PHILIPPIDIS GEORGE; JENSEN Hans Grinsted
Fonte: Purdue University Publicador: Purdue University
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
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The engagement of JRC IPTS in the GTAP contributing team to the EU domestic support has opened up the opportunity to use the CATS database when compiling EU domestic support payments by member state, which are subsequently calibrated into the GTAP database. To maintain consistency, the GTAP version 9 includes EU domestic support which follows the approach adopted in the previous releases (Jensen, 2009, 2010). The difference is for pillar 1 support for which the CATS data are used (in previous GTAP database releases, pillar 1 support was based on EAGF financial reports). All together EU domestic support amounts to 66,530 million euros in 2011 (i.e. pillar 1 expenditures from CATS, pillar 2 and national expenditures from Producer Support Estimate (PSE) by OECD). In addition, minor improvements to the allocation of payments have been proposed for the version 9 release. On the other hand previous research at JRC IPTS (Boulanger and Philippidis, 2014, 2015) showed that when comparing with the CATS database, the GTAP database was incomplete, particularly in its representation of CAP rural development payments, or so called pillar 2 payments. This paper compares the EU domestic support approach adopted in the GTAP database version 9 with an alternative one in order to make the representation of CAP expenditures more transparent and comprehensive. Such an alternative allocation includes more payments than the traditional method employed (e.g. the proposed classification includes support currently defined as General Services Support Estimate (GSSE) by the OECD). Finally...

Italy in the EU: love affair or disillusionment? Italian discontent with the European integration, past and present

Palazzetti, Valentina
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; After 70 years, have democracy, prosperity, and unity finally reached Italy? Italians are still wondering since the European Union’s (EU’s) promises after World War II remain largely unfulfilled. This thesis analyzes parallels and continuities of Italian politics of disillusionment from the post-World War I period to today’s European crisis, highlighting Italy’s widespread discontent with the EU and its institutions. From the mutilated victory of the Treaty of Versailles to a destructive fascist regime to the promises of future prosperity and progress in the EU, today Italy is still waiting for its early aspirations to materialize. While other EU members and cofounders (notably France and Germany) arrange the EU to their advantage―frequently overlooking Italy’s interests and needs―Italy’s increasing disappointment with the EU has reached an all-time high. This thesis traces these developments through historical analysis of key turning points—the interwar period, fascism, and the postwar democratic transformation. It culminates in a discussion of the current European crisis and Italy’s frustration with the EU by exposing the reasons for the country’s serious consideration of abandoning participation in the EU project.

La privatización de empresas públicas en la UE: ¿la vía británica o la senda europea?; Explaining public enterprise privatisation in the EU: a european or british policy?

Clifton, Judith Catherine; Comín Comín, Francisco; Díaz Fuentes, Daniel
Fonte: Sociedad de Economía Mundial Publicador: Sociedad de Economía Mundial
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
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RESUMEN: Este artículo trata de identificar las motivaciones que llevaron a la privatización en la Unión Europea (UE), en particular en la Europa de los 15 (UE-15). Una de las reformas económicas más importante realizadas en Europa desde los años 70 ha sido la privatización de empresas públicas, que ha atraído la atención de los académicos y políticos, cuyos trabajos han generado una extensa la bibliografía. A pesar de los numerosos estudios realizados, apenas existe acuerdo entre los especialistas sobre las razones por las cuales los gobiernos llevaron a cabo la privatización de manera simultánea y casi generalizada. Existen tres modelos dominantes sobre la privatización en la UE, que proponen explicaciones diferentes. En primer lugar, el “paradigma británico” asume que una ideología partidaria de confiar en las fuerzas del mercado y de la empresa privada desempeñó un papel fundamental en el camino hacia un programa global inspirado en la experiencia británica. En segundo lugar, la propuesta de “lógica múltiple” afirma, por el contrario, que el Reino Unido fue una anomalía, no un modelo que luego se imitó en la Europa continental; las privatizaciones en los países de la UE-15 fueron tan diferentes...

THE 2015 PREDICT REPORT: An Analysis of ICT R&D in the EU and Beyond

MAS Matilde; FERNÁNDEZ DE GUEVARA RADOSELOVICS Juan
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The 2015 PREDICT report, which covers the period 2006-2012, assesses the ICT sector and its R&D performance in European Union (EU) during the double-dip, deep recession that began in early 2008. The report found that the EU ICT sector has continuously lost share in total value added and at the same time experienced a decline in labour productivity since 2006. On the positive side, it has gained share in terms of employment and BERD intensity. Although the share of ICT R&D public funding in total public funding decreased between 2011 and 2012, it recovered in 2013. In the EU ICT sector, manufacturing and services perform differently. The EU ICT manufacturing sector recovered slowly in 2011 but then stagnated in 2012. Moreover, it had negative growth rates in employment, value added, labour productivity and BERD. Conversely, EU ICT services sector performed strongly in 2012 in all dimensions. However, as regards overall ICT sector productivity and value added, the US still led in 2012. In fact the differences between the EU and the US in ICT productivity and R&D continued to rise, and US ICT productivity was twice that of the EU.; JRC.J.3-Information Society

A Descriptive Analysis of Conventional, Organic and GM Crop and Certified Seed Production in the EU

CEDDIA Michele; RODRIGUEZ CEREZO EMILIO
Fonte: OPOCE Publicador: OPOCE
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
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Recently, the introduction of GM crops and GM seeds in agricultural production in the EU and elsewhere has raised the issue of adventitious presence of GM seeds in conventional seed lots. Article 21(2) of Directive 2001/18/EC provides that for products where adventitious or technically unavoidable traces of authorised GMOs cannot be excluded, a minimum threshold may be established below which the products shall not have to be labelled in accordance with the provisions of the Directive. In the absence of such thresholds, which is the current status of seed production, the legislation requires the labelling of conventional seed lots which contain any detectable adventitious traces of GM seeds (which have been authorised for cultivation under Community legislation) (Directive 2001/18/EC). The legal requirement is not new and has been in place since labelling provisions were introduced under Directive 90/220/EEC and maintained under Directive 2001/18/EC (which replaced Directive 90/220/EEC). It remains illegal to place on the market conventional seed lots that contain GM seeds that have not been approved for cultivation. This has been the case since Directive 90/220/EEC entered into force in 1991. The Commission is currently examining the possibility to establish thresholds and the impact associated with the introduction of different threshold values...

EU Foreign Relations Law, Constitutional Fundamentals

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro
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This book reappraises the constitutional fundamentals of EU foreign relations law. The essays in the book examine and reassess the basic principles of EU foreign relations law that have emerged over 50 years of incremental Treaty-based and judicial development and explore the particular character of the EU's "external constitution". They have been written against a background of change and debate: the deliberation over the character of the appropriate constitutional framework which has surrounded the drafting of the Constitutional and Reform Treaties, the increasingly cross-pillar nature of much EU external action, and renewed interest in the accountability of foreign relations policy and practice to democratic and judicial review within and without the EU. This collection will be of interest not only to EU foreign relations law specialists but also to those concerned with broader constitutional issues within EU law. In exploring the legal context in which the EU seeks to develop an international identity, and to structure and execute policies at the international level, the collection will also interest those working in international relations.

Developments in EU External Relations Law

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro
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External relations is currently among the most dynamic areas of EU law, its institutional structures profoundly affected by the Lisbon Treaty. This volume gathers leading analysts to assess core recent developments in the field, taking stock of the current law and potential developments in major policy areas. The volume opens with an assessment of a central concept at the heart of EU external relations, underpinning its international identity. Christophe Hillion analyses the legal principles which ensure coherence between different strands of the EU's external activity, and the contribution of law to the consistency of the EU's international presence. Frank Hoffmeister turns the focus outwards to the interaction between the EU and the international legal order - the legal basis for the EU's activity in shaping international law and the EU's contribution to 'state practice'. These opening chapters develop a picture of the EU's active international participation as well as the characteristic structural complexity of its external relations, and against this background the remainder of the book examines key policy areas of EU external action. Lorand Bartels analyses the relationship between trade policy and development; Markus Krajewski discusses trade in services and the link between external and internal policy issues; and Nathalie Tocci assesses the EU's contribution to conflict resolution...

Towards an EU law of damages : damages claims for violations of EU public procurement law before national and European judges

SCHEBESTA, Hanna
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
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Examining Board: Professor Hans-Wolfgang Micklitz, European University Institute Professor Giorgio Monti, European University Institute Professor Alexandra (Sacha) Prechal, Court of Justice of the European Union Professor Laurence W. Gormley, University of Groningen and College of Europe.; Defence date: 16 September 2013; First made available online on 15 January 2015.; While the law is often highly harmonized at EU level, the ways in which it is realized in the various national courts are not. This thesis looks at enforcement through damages claims for violations of EU public procurement rules. Despite important recent amendments to the procurement remedies regime, the damages provision remains indeterminate. The legislative inertia pressures the CJEU to give an interpretation and raises the question as to how the Court should deal with damages. The requirements on damages claims are clarified under both general and public procurement EU law. The action for damages is conceived as a legal process which incorporates the national realm. Therefore, a comparative law part (covering England, France, Germany and the Netherlands) examines national damages litigation in public procurement law. A horizontal discussion of the legal issues which structurally frame damages claims is provided. The remedy of damages is analyzed as a bundle of rules and its constitutive and quantification criteria are studied...

Romania - Implementation of Regional Development and Integration with Other EU Operational Programs : Issues and Options for Maximizing Absorption and Impact of EU Funds

McLean, Keith; Sen, Aditi
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
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This policy note summarizes the results of technical assistance offered in support of the Government of Romania (GOR) in its implementation of regional development programming for European Union (EU) accession. Three important questions confront Romania's policy makers: (i) how to operationalize regional and local development, given the context of EU structural funds; (ii) how to develop effective mechanisms for multi-level planning and resource allocation to filter resources (EU net transfers) to the regional and local levels where they will be most useful; and (iii) how to build on the successful experiences of the EU-15 and of projects supported by the World Bank and other donors that use bottom-up planning and implementation processes to develop effective local projects. This note looks at some answers to these questions as well as at the issues surrounding possible integration of the Regional Operations Programme (ROP) with other relevant EU operational programs, notably environment and rural development. Finally...

Familia e o eu dos filhos : uma perspectiva fenomenologica

Eliana Gea
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/12/1998 Português
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O tema pesquisado "Família e o Eu dos Filhos: uma Perspectiva Fenomenológica" fundamentou-se na fenomenologia de Edmund Husserl, caracterizada pela investigação da história do conhecimento, que propõe o retomo à origem das coisas e implica na descoberta de meios para a abordagem do fenômeno estudado. Partindo da respectiva descrição e interpretação visou mostrar e identificar como são explicitadas as estruturas do fenômeno.A pesquisa pretendeu buscar, através dos depoimentos, as interrelações entre o Eu dos filhos e a família, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. Assim, foram estudadas as respostas às questões que se seguem: 1) Que relações familiares foram coletados com maior frequência em relação ao Eu dos filhos? 2) Como se caracterizaram as imagens construídas pelos filhos no que se refere aos pais? 3) Que situações do contexto familiar podem ser inferidas que mais influenciaram no Eu dos filhos?Nas relações familiares, os dados coletados sugeriram a predominância de situações envolvendo amor, dignidade, respeito, convivência familiar, sentimento de família, confiança, diálogo e outros elementos positivos. Assim, supõe-se que a família pode promover experiências capazes de permitir ao filho sentimentos de segurança emocional...

Noturno Vagar : o Eu mortal imortal nos Hieroì Lógoi de Élio Aristides; Night wander : the mortal immortal Self in Aelius Aristides' Hieroì Lógoi

Lolita Guimarães Guerra
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2014 Português
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Os Hieroì Lógoi de Élio Aristides, compostos ca. 170 da Era Comum, constituem uma narrativa autobiográfica dedicada a Asclépio, cujo santuário, em Pérgamo, foi frequentado pelo autor ao longo de sua vida. Este, ao voltar-se em direção ao deus em busca de suas famosas curas praticadas por meio de sonhos, é transformado em meio a uma relação de favorecimento e intimidade com Asclépio que, em última instância, identifica-o a ele. Essa identificação, dada a ver no corpo de Aristides e por ele sentida é atravessada por valores paradoxais e inapreensíveis do ponto de vista de uma elaboração sistemática. Ela é entendida, assim, como uma iniciação mistérica, a qual dialoga com a cultura material de Asclepeia como os santuários de Pérgamo e o de Epidauro. Nesses espaços circulam sentidos e práticas cuja dinâmica resulta, não apenas, na produção da própria materialidade, como dos indivíduos que, no ocupar-se dela, são também constituídos. Esta relação circular com o mundo material ultrapassa o contexto dos santuários e deve ser também observada no próprio texto dos Hieroì Lógoi como produto humano e, ao mesmo tempo, produtor do humano. A escrita autobiográfica oferece-se, assim, como locus privilegiado para a reflexão sobre os modos de produção e existência do Eu enquanto ser no mundo. Ao mesmo tempo...