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Histological response study of chronic viral hepatitis C patients treated with interferon alone or combined with ribavirin

PRADO, Kleber; PATZINA, Rosely; BERGAMASCHI, Denise; FOCACCIA, Roberto
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Chronic hepatitis C is often a progressive, fibrotic disease that can lead to cirrhosis and other complications. The recommended therapy is a combination of interferon and ribavirin. Besides its antiviral action, interferon is considered to have antifibrotic activity. We examined the outcome of hepatic fibrosis and inflammation in chronic hepatitis C patients who were non-responders to interferon. We made a case series, retrospective study, based on revision of medical records and reassessment of liver biopsies. For inclusion, patients should have been treated with interferon alone or combined with ribavirin, with no virological response (non responders and relapsers) and had a liver biopsy before and after treatment. Histological evaluation included: i-outcome of fibrosis and necroinflammation; ii-annual fibrosis progression rate evaluation, before and after treatment. Seventy-five patients were included. Fifty-seven patients (76%) did not show progression of fibrosis after treatment, compared to six (8%) before treatment (p < 0.001). The mean annual fibrosis progression rate was significantly reduced after treatment (p = 0.036). Inflammatory activity improved in 19 patients (25.3%). The results support the hypothesis of an antifibrotic effect of interferon-based therapy...

Aplicações da eletroforese capilar na análise do biomarcadir alfa-1 glicoproteína ácida, no controle de qualidade do biofármaco interferon alfa 2a e na avaliação da estabilidade enantiosseletiva do fármaco isradipina; Applications of capillary electrophoresis in the analysis of biomarker alpha-1 acid glycoprotein, in the quality control of the biodrugs interferon alpha 2a, and enantioselective stability evaluation of drug isradipine

Aguiar, Fernando Armani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/08/2013 Português
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A eletroforese é uma técnica de separação que se baseia na migração diferencial de compostos iônicos em tubo capilar semicondutor, preenchido com solução eletrolítica, sob a influência de campo elétrico. Na introdução desta tese, princípios, métodos e diferentes tipos de técnicas de eletromigração em capilar foram discutidos. No primeiro capítulo são mostrados os resultados de otimização e validação de um método eletroforético para a determinação das glicoformas da ?1-Glicoproteína Ácida, um biomarcador. A otimização das condições eletroforéticas usando eletrólito de corrida constituído por tricina (10 mmol L-1), cloreto de sódio (10 mmol L-1), acetato de sódio (10 mmol L-1), ureia (7 mol L-1) e putrescina (3,9 mmol L-1), pH de 4,5, tensão de 30 kV, e temperatura de análise de 35 °C levou à resolução mínima de aproximadamente 1,5 entre as oito glicoformas encontradas. Todas as análises foram realizadas em um capilar de sílica fundida não revestido internamente, diâmetro interno de 50 µm e comprimento efetivo de 50,0 centímetros. Após a otimização, o método foi validado, em que a linearidade foi obtida no intervalo de 0,125 a 2,5 mg mL-1 (r >= 0,993). O coeficiente de variação (%) e erros relativos (%) obtidos nos estudos de precisão e exatidão...

Influência dos polimorfismos do gene IL-28B na resposta à terapia com interferon peguilado e ribavirina em pacientes tratados por hepatite C crônica; Influence of IL-28B gene polymorphisms in the response to pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C

Martins, Luciane Lilian Cristina Patricio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/08/2014 Português
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Introdução: Estima-se que a infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC) acometa 3% da população global constituindo a maior causa de cirrose hepática e hepatocarcinoma. Nos pacientes infectados pelo genótipo 1 do VHC, a terapia em vida real com interferon peguilado (PEG-IFN) e ribavirina (RBV) resulta em 30% a 50% de resposta virológica sustentada (RVS). Este desfecho é determinado por fatores de associados ao VHC (carga viral, genótipo, quasispécies), características do hospedeiro (etnia, gênero, fatores genéticos, comorbidades, adesão) e fatores ligados aos medicamentos. Estudos de associação genética ampla (GWAS) têm demonstrado que a presença dos polimorfismos (SNP) no gene da interleucina 28B (IL-28B) associam-se a resposta à terapia baseada em interferon. Os SNPs rs12979860, rs8099917 e rs12980275 têm sido amplamente estudados e pacientes com o perfil favorável têm maiores chances de alcançar a RVS ou a eliminação espontânea do VHC. Objetivos: Avaliar a frequência relativa e a influência dos polimorfismos rs12979860 (C > T), rs8099917 (T > G) e rs12980275 (A > G) no gene IL-28B em brasileiros portadores de infecção crônica pelo VHC tratados com PEGIFN/ RBV em uma casuística de pacientes atendidos pelos médicos do Ambulatório de Hepatites DMIP/LIM-47 e avaliar retrospectivamente a possibilidade de predição de resposta à partir do perfil IL-28B na população estudada. Materiais e Métodos: Após aprovação ética...

Ocular changes due to systemic alpha-interferon therapy for hepatitis C

Jung,Liang Shih; Ciola,Fabiano Bojikian; Conceição,Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira; Silva,Antonio Eduardo Benedito; Moraes,Nilva Simerem Bueno
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 Português
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PURPOSE: To describe ocular (specially fundoscopic) changes due to systemic alpha-interferon (IFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis C. This is a prospective, descriptive and observational (non-interventional) study, and its results are preliminary. METHODS: Patients were selected with indication of alpha-interferon therapy for hepatitis C. They underwent ocular examinations before therapy and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after starting the therapy. HIV patients and those who had a history of previous treatment with alpha-interferon were excluded from the study, but examined. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients were selected from November 1999 to June 2000. The male-to-female ratio was 1.55. The age average was 47 years. The best corrected visual acuity ranged from 20/15 to 20/40. Most of the symptomatic patients complained of foreign body sensation in the eyes, which became more tolerable with time. Complaints comprised flu-like symptoms, joint pain, depression, headache, and general weakness. Ocular findings related to alpha-interferon were: cotton wool spots (3 eyes) and intraretinal hemorrhage (1 eye). One patient died during the study, due to another disease not related to hepatitis, and one patient refused to be examined. CONCLUSIONS: There are retinal vascular changes due to systemic alpha-interferon for hepatitis C. There are no studies in our country describing ocular changes in patients with hepatitis C on therapy with alpha-interferon. General physicians and specially gastroenterologists should pay special attention to this problem...

Trombose de veia central da retina em paciente usuária de interferon e ribavirina: relato de caso

Helal Jr.,John; Zacharias,Leandro Cabral; Alencar,Luciana Malta de
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2006 Português
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O interferon alfa (INF alfa) é droga atualmente utilizada no tratamento de várias doenças sistêmicas, como a hepatite C crônica. A ribavirina quando associada ao interferon alfa aumenta muito a resposta ao tratamento. Estima-se que a infecção crônica pelo vírus da hepatite C afete 170 milhões de pessoas no mundo, muitas delas em uso dessas medicações. A forma típica da retinopatia associada ao interferon alfa apresenta exsudatos algodonosos e hemorragias intra-retinianas. Há vários relatos de alterações oculares associadas ao uso do interferon alfa. Este trabalho descreve um caso de oclusão de veia central da retina em olho direito, com hemorragias no olho contralateral, em paciente usuária dessas medicações por dois anos. O caso descrito expõe em um dos olhos o quadro mais freqüente da retinopatia associada ao uso de interferon alfa (hemorragias de fundo) e no olho contralateral, uma apresentação muito mais atípica (trombose de veia central da retina). O quadro fundoscópico apresentou melhora com a interrupção da medicação.

Interferon-associated retinopathy in a patient with metastatic melanoma

Borrego-Sanz,Lara; Sáenz-Francés,Federico; Fernández-Tresguerres,M. Fernanda; Jiménez-Santos,Maria; Donate-López,Juan
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 Português
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We present the unusual case of a 35 year-old woman with stage IV melanoma and widespread metastases, who was undergoing treatment with interferon alpha-2b and who presented with interferon-associated retinopathy. The patient, who had been taking interferon treatment for three months, complained of a sudden loss of visual acuity in the left eye. An ocular examination revealed multiple cotton wool spots along the retina and macular involvement. Interferon treatment was suspended. Although rare, retinopathy represents a potentially serious adverse effect of interferon treatment. Although normally patients are asymptomatic, complications derived of its use may arise, which can lead to significant visual impairment. We therefore suggest that before initiating treatment with this drug, patients should be informed of its potential ocular risks, and that regular eye examinations are conducted along with the treatment.

Daily interferon induction regimen using different manufactured interferons (alpha-2a or alpha-2b) in combination with ribavirin for treatment of chronic hepatitis C: a prospective randomized study

Braga,Eduardo Lorens; Lyra,André Castro; Nascimento,Lourianne; Netto,Eduardo; Kalabrik,Luciano; Lyra,Luiz Guilherme Costa
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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36.54%
BACKGROUD: Studies on hepatitis C virus kinetics showed that serum levels of interferon fall 48 h after drug administration, when viral load is increasing again. Previously to the availability of pegylated interferon, daily induction therapy with standard interferon was under evaluation. AIMS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of interferon alpha daily induction regimen in combination with ribavirin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomized trial including 93 patients with chronic hepatitis C was carried out. On satisfying all eligibility criteria, patients were randomly allocated to two different treatment groups: 44 individuals in treatment arm A: IFN 3 MU thrice weekly + ribavirin 1.0-1.2 g daily for 48 weeks (IFN TIW) and 49 individuals in treatment arm B: IFN 3 MU daily + ribavirin 1.0-1.2 g daily for 12 weeks followed by IFN 3 MU thrice weekly + ribavirin 1.0-1.2 g daily, until completion of 48 weeks of therapy (IFN QD). HCV genotyping was obtained in 85 subjects. A negative HCV-RNA 6 months after cessation of therapy was considered a sustained virological response RESULTS: Eighty three patients completed treatment, five dropped out (one from IFN TIW and four from IFN QD) and in five patients therapy was discontinued due to medical request (two from IFN TIW and three from IFN QD). There was no statistically significant difference between groups with respect to therapy interruption. The frequency of cirrhosis was 29%...

Interferon beta-1a-induced depression and suicidal ideation in multiple sclerosis

Lana-Peixoto,Marco Aurélio; Teixeira Jr.,Antônio Lúcio; Haase,Vitor Geraldi
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2002 Português
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Depression and suicide have been reported in association with multiple sclerosis (MS). Some studies show that interferon beta may increase the depression rate. We report a case of depression and suicidal ideation in coincidence with the start of increased doses of interferon beta-1a and their complete reversal following the drug withdrawal. The patient was a 21-year-old man with MS and no past history of affective disorders who was given interferon beta-1a in the dose of 11 mug three times per week. As a new relapse occurred the dose of interferon beta-1a was increased to 22 mug three times a week. The patient then observed increased worry, irritability and a sense of discouragement as well as recurring suicidal thoughts. His mood was rapidly restored following interferon beta-1a withdrawal. This case suggests that patients with MS may develop depression and suicidal thoughts when treated with high doses of interferon beta-1a.

Cystic craniopharyngioma: intratumoral chemotherapy with alpha interferon

Dastoli,Patrícia Alessandra; Nicácio,Jardel Mendonça; Silva,Nasjla Saba; Capellano,Andrea Maria; Toledo,Silvia R.C.; Ierardi,Daniela; Cavalheiro,Sérgio
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
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36.54%
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the cystic craniopharyngiomas can be controlled with the use of intratumoral applications of interferon alpha. METHOD: Nineteen patients with the diagnosis of cystic craniopharyngioma were treated with intratumoral chemotherapy with interferon alpha from January 2002 to April 2006. All patients underwent placement of an intracystic catheter connected to an Ommaya reservoir. Through this reservoir were made applications during chemotherapy cycles. Each cycle corresponded to application of 3,000,000 units of interferon alpha three times per week on alternate days totalizing 36,000,000 units. Response to treatment was evaluated by calculating the tumor volume on MRI control after one, three and six months after the end of each cycle. Patients who developed worsening of symptoms or who had insignificant reduction in tumor volume during follow-up underwent repeat cycle chemotherapy. RESULTS: Four patients received four cycles of chemotherapy, three patients received three cycles, six patients received two cycles and six patients received one. The lower percentage of reduction in tumor volume was 60% and the bigger reduction was 98.37%. Eleven patients had a reduction greater than 90%. Five patients had a tumor reduction between 75 and 90% and in three patients the tumors were reduced by less than 75%. No deaths occurred during treatment and side effects of interferon alpha were well tolerated. No treatment was discontinued. Follow-up after the last application ranged from one year and five months to three years and nine months. CONCLUSION: The intratumoral chemotherapy with interferon alpha decreases the volume of cystic craniopharyngiomas and so far can be considered a new therapeutic alternative.

Effect of interferon-alpha on experimental septal fibrosis of the liver - study with a new model

Souza,Marcia Maria de; Paraná,Raymundo; Trepo,Christian; Barbosa Jr,Aryon A; Oliveira,Irismar; Andrade,Zilton A
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2001 Português
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36.57%
Interferon-alpha is used in antiviral therapy in humans, mainly for viral hepatitis B and C. An anti-fibrotic effect of interferon has been postulated even in the absence of anti-viral response, which suggests that interferon directly inhibits fibrogenesis. Rats infected with the helminth Capillaria hepatica regularly develop diffuse septal fibrosis of the liver, which terminates in cirrhosis 40 days after inoculation. The aim of this study was to test the anti-fibrotic effect of interferon in this experimental model. Evaluation of fibrosis was made by three separate methods: semi-quantitative histology, computerized morphometry and hydroxyproline measurements. Treatment with interferon-alpha proved to inhibit the development of fibrosis in this model, especially when doses of 500,000 and 800,000 IU were used for 60 days. Besides confirming the anti-fibrotic potential of interferon-alpha on a non-viral new experimental model of hepatic fibrosis, a clear-cut dose-dependent effect was observed.

Thyroid hormonal disturbances related to treatment of hepatitis C with interferon-alpha and ribavirin

Danilovic,Debora Lucia Seguro; Mendes-Correa,Maria Cassia; Chammas,Maria Cristina; Zambrini,Heverton; Marui,Suemi
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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36.57%
OBJECTIVE: To characterize thyroid disturbances induced by interferon-alpha and ribavirin therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. INTRODUCTION: Interferon-alpha is used to treat chronic hepatitis C infections. This compound commonly induces both autoimmune and non-autoimmune thyroiditis. METHODS: We prospectively selected 26 patients with chronic hepatitis C infections. Clinical examinations, hormonal evaluations, and color-flow Doppler ultrasonography of the thyroid were performed before and during antiviral therapy. RESULTS: Of the patients in our study, 54% had no thyroid disorders associated with the interferon-alpha therapy but showed reduced levels of total T3 along with a decrease in serum alanine aminotransferase. Total T4 levels were also reduced at 3 and 12 months, but free T4 and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels remained stable. A total of 19% of the subjects had autoimmune interferon-induced thyroiditis, which is characterized by an emerge of antithyroid antibodies or overt hypothyroidism. Additionally, 16% had non-autoimmune thyroiditis, which presents as destructive thyroiditis or subclinical hypothyroidism, and 11% remained in a state of euthyroidism despite the prior existence of antithyroidal antibodies. Thyrotoxicosis with destructive thyroiditis was diagnosed within three months of therapy...

Interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 production by mononuclear cells from patients with advanced head and neck cancer

Conti-Freitas,Luiz C.; Foss-Freitas,Maria C.; Mamede,Rui C. M.; Foss,Norma T.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from patients with supraglottic laryngeal cancer before and after surgical treatment. METHODS: Fourteen patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer were studied. Cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated during the preoperative and late postoperative periods were stimulated with concanavalin A and Bacille Calmette-Guerin, and the supernatant concentrations of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 were measured. RESULTS: For non-stimulated cultures, the interferon-gamma levels produced by the preoperative period and the late postoperative period cultures were lower than the levels produced by the control group cultures. The interferon-gamma levels after stimulation with concanavalin A were higher in the late postoperative period cultures than in the preoperative evaluation cultures. Stimulation with Bacille Calmette-Guerin led to the production of similar levels of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by all cultures; thus, stimulation increased the levels of interferon-gamma produced by both the preoperative and postoperative cultures relative to the levels produced by the corresponding unstimulated cultures. CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer exhibit an in vitro deficiency in interferongamma secretion by mononuclear cells. Stimulated cells seem to recover this function during the postoperative period.

Interferon Production by Nonviral Stimuli of Microbial Origin

Youngner, Julius S.
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/1970 Português
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An increasing number of nonviral materials of microbial origin has been reported to stimulate the production of interferon in cell cultures and (or) in animals. These materials include (a) gram-negative bacteria or the endotoxins prepared from their cell walls, (b) other microorganisms such as Rickettsiae, Bedsoniae, Protozoa, and (c) fungal products such as a mannan from Candida and various antibiotics which act as protein synthesis inhibitors, e.g., glutarimide antibiotics and tenuazonic acid. A summary is presented of the current state of knowledge about interferon production in animals by the most thoroughly studied nonviral substance of microbial origin, bacterial endotoxin. Further evidence is presented which clearly distinguishes the "endotoxin-type" of interferon response in animals from the response seen after the injection of virus. The data suggest that the release of preformed interferon from the tissues occurs in animals injected with endotoxin. On the other hand, interferon produced in response to the injection of virus is newly synthesized protein. While the exact chemical structure of the component of bacterial endotoxin responsible for interferon release has not yet been elucidated, it is clear that the lipid portion of the lipopolysaccharide...

Frequency of major molecular responses to imatinib or interferon alfa plus cytarabine in newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia

Hughes, T.; Kaeda, J.; Branford, S.; Rudzki, Z.; Hochhaus, A.; Hensley, M.; Gathmann, I.; Bolton, A.; van Hoomissen, I.; Goldman, J.; Radich, J.
Fonte: Massachusetts Medical Soc Publicador: Massachusetts Medical Soc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
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BACKGROUND: In a randomized trial, 1106 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase were assigned to imatinib or interferon alfa plus cytarabine as initial therapy. We measured levels of BCR-ABL transcripts in the blood of all patients in this trial who had a complete cytogenetic remission. METHODS: Levels of BCR-ABL transcripts were measured by a quantitative real-time polymerase-chain-reaction assay. Results were expressed relative to the median level of BCR-ABL transcripts in the blood of 30 patients with untreated CML in chronic phase. RESULTS: In patients who had a complete cytogenetic remission, levels of BCR-ABL transcripts after 12 months of treatment had fallen by at least 3 log in 57 percent of those in the imatinib group and 24 percent of those in the group given interferon plus cytarabine (P=0.003). On the basis of the rates of complete cytogenetic remission of 68 percent in the imatinib group and 7 percent in the group given interferon plus cytarabine at 12 months, an estimated 39 percent of all patients treated with imatinib but only 2 percent of all those given interferon plus cytarabine had a reduction in BCR-ABL transcript levels of at least 3 log (P<0.001). For patients who had a complete cytogenetic remission and a reduction in transcript levels of at least 3 log at 12 months...

Intrazelluläre Zytokine bei Morbus Behçet im Verlauf unter einer Therapie mit Interferon-alpha2a - Vergleich mit HLA-B27-assoziierten Spondarthritiden -; Cytokine patterns in Behcet's Disease in comparison to Ankylosing Spondylitis – influence of treatment with interferon-alpha2a

Groll, Stefanie Philippine
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertation; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
Português
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Ziel: Die Behandlung von aktivem M. Behcet (MB) mit humanem rekombinantem Interferon-alpha2a (IFNa2a) ist klinisch wirksam. Der genaue Wirkmechanismus ist unbekannt. Dies ist die erste Arbeit, die den Einfluss von IFNa2a auf intrazelluläre Zytokine in T-Zellen von MB Patienten im Vergleich zu gesunden Kontrollen und Patienten mit Spondylitis ankylosans (SA) untersucht. Methoden: Die intrazelluläre Zytokinproduktion von T-Zellen wurde bei 10 Patienten mit MB vor, sowie 4 und 12 Wochen nach Beginn einer Therapie mit IFNa2a untersucht. 10 Patienten mit SA und 10 gesunde Probanden dienten als Kontrollen. Mononukleäre Zellen des peripheren Blutes wurden stimuliert und die Oberflächenmarker der T-Zellen CD3, CD8 und CD4 mit fluoreszierenden Antikörpern markiert. Parallel erfolgte die Markierung der intrazellulären Zytokine Interleukin 2 (IL 2), Tumornekrosefaktor-alpha (TNFa), Interferon-gamma (IFNg) und Interleukin 4 (IL 4). Die Zellen wurden durchflusszytometrisch gemessen und ausgewertet. Ergebnisse: IL2-produzierende CD3+ und CD4+ T-Zellen waren bei Patienten mit MB und AS im Vergleich zu gesunden Probanden signifikant erniedrigt (p=0,02 bzw. 0,007). Die Anzahl von IFNg-produzierenden CD3+ T-Zellen bei Patienten mit MB war vor Therapiebeginn erhöht im Vergleich zu Patienten mit AS und gesunden Kontrollen (p=0...

The Defensive Role of the Interferon System

Baron, Samuel
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/1970 Português
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36.57%
The evidence relating the interferon system to the infectious process has been examined. The available evidence supports the view that the interferon system is an important component of the body's nonimmune defenses, which are probably the major causes of recovery from already established virus infections of body tissues. The interferon system can also serve to limit virus spread through the bloodstream. Factors which may influence the interferon system and thereby influence virus infection have been considered. Finally, evidence is presented which indicates that the interferon system is one of the determinants of virulence of certain viruses and is one of the determinants of some persistent virus infections.

Thyroid hormonal disturbances related to treatment of hepatitis C with interferon-alpha and ribavirin

Danilovic, Debora Lucia Seguro; Mendes-Correa, Maria Cassia; Chammas, Maria Cristina; Zambrini, Heverton; Marui, Suemi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%
OBJECTIVE: To characterize thyroid disturbances induced by interferon-alpha and ribavirin therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C. INTRODUCTION: Interferon-alpha is used to treat chronic hepatitis C infections. This compound commonly induces both autoimmune and non-autoimmune thyroiditis. METHODS: We prospectively selected 26 patients with chronic hepatitis C infections. Clinical examinations, hormonal evaluations, and color-flow Doppler ultrasonography of the thyroid were performed before and during antiviral therapy. RESULTS: Of the patients in our study, 54% had no thyroid disorders associated with the interferon-alpha therapy but showed reduced levels of total T3 along with a decrease in serum alanine aminotransferase. Total T4 levels were also reduced at 3 and 12 months, but free T4 and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels remained stable. A total of 19% of the subjects had autoimmune interferon-induced thyroiditis, which is characterized by an emerge of antithyroid antibodies or overt hypothyroidism. Additionally, 16% had non-autoimmune thyroiditis, which presents as destructive thyroiditis or subclinical hypothyroidism, and 11% remained in a state of euthyroidism despite the prior existence of antithyroidal antibodies. Thyrotoxicosis with destructive thyroiditis was diagnosed within three months of therapy...

Interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 production by mononuclear cells from patients with advanced head and neck cancer

Conti-Freitas, Luiz C.; Foss-Freitas, Maria C.; Mamede, Rui C. M.; Foss, Norma T.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.57%
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from patients with supraglottic laryngeal cancer before and after surgical treatment. METHODS: Fourteen patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer were studied. Cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated during the preoperative and late postoperative periods were stimulated with concanavalin A and Bacille Calmette-Guerin, and the supernatant concentrations of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 were measured. RESULTS: For non-stimulated cultures, the interferon-gamma levels produced by the preoperative period and the late postoperative period cultures were lower than the levels produced by the control group cultures. The interferon-gamma levels after stimulation with concanavalin A were higher in the late postoperative period cultures than in the preoperative evaluation cultures. Stimulation with Bacille Calmette-Guerin led to the production of similar levels of interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 by all cultures; thus, stimulation increased the levels of interferon-gamma produced by both the preoperative and postoperative cultures relative to the levels produced by the corresponding unstimulated cultures. CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced supraglottic laryngeal cancer exhibit an in vitro deficiency in interferongamma secretion by mononuclear cells. Stimulated cells seem to recover this function during the postoperative period.

Long term follow-up and patterns of response of ALT in patients with chronic hepatitis NANB/C treated with recombinant interferon-alpha; Seguimento tardio e padrões de resposta da ALT em pacientes com hepatite crônica NANB/C tratados com interferon-alfa

Silva, L.C. da; Ono, S.K.; Fonseca, L.E.P.; Carrilho, F.J.; Mendes, L.C.A.; França, A.V.C.; Madruga, C.L.A.; Laudanna, A.A.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1995 Português
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A resposta ao tratamento com interferon em pacientes com hepatite crônica NANB/C tem sido classificada como completa, parcial ou ausente, de acordo com o comportamento da alanino aminotransferase sérica (ALT). Entretanto, uma observação mais detalhada da atividade enzimática tem mostrado que os padrões podem ser mais complexos. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o seguimento tardio e os padrões de resposta da ALT em pacientes com hepatite crônica NANB/C tratados com interferon alfa recombinante. Classificamos os tipos de resposta da ALT em 6 padrões e as freqüências observadas foram:I. Resposta completa e persistente = 9 (20,5%); II. Resposta completa com recaída persistente após o IFN = 7 (15,9%); III. Resposta completa com recaída temporária = 5 (11,9%); IV. Normalização temporária e recaída durante o tratamento com IFN = 4 (9,1%); V. Resposta parcial (queda dos níveis iniciais da ALT maior que 50%) = 7 (15,9%); VI. Não resposta = 12 (27,3%). Em conclusão, os padrões de ALT variam durante e após o tratamento e podem ser classificados em pelo menos 6 tipos.; The response to interferon treatment in chronic hepatitis NANB/C has usually been classified as complete, partial or absent, according to the behavior of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT). However...

Crioglobulinemia na hepatite crônica C: aspectos clínicos e resposta ao tratamento com interferon alfa e ribavirina; Cryoglobulinemia in chronic hepatitis C: clinical aspects and response to treatment with interferon alpha and ribavirin

Parise, Edison Roberto; Oliveira, Ana Cláudia de; Ferraz, Maria Lúcia; Pereira, Aparecido Bernardo; Leite, Kátia Ramos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2007 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: A crioglobulinemia mista (CM) representa importante complicação extra-hepática da hepatite C. Nesse estudo avaliamos sua prevelência em pacientes com hepatite C crônica (HCC) e relacionamos sua presença com aspectos clínicos e resposta ao tratamento com interferon alfa e ribavirina. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: 202 pacientes consecutivos com HCC (136 com hepatite crônica e 66 com cirrose) foram avaliados para a presença de CM. Os crioprecipitados foram caracterizados por imunoeletroforese e classificados de acordo com BROUET et al. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de CM nessa população foi de 27% (54/202), e, desses, 24% (13/54) apresentaram manifestações clínicas maiores da doença. Embora MC tipo III tenha sido a forma mais freqüentemente encontrada, a doença sintomática foi mais comum entre os pacientes com MC tipo II. A presença de cirrose (RR = 2,073; IC95% = 1,029 - 4,179; p = 0,041) e a idade do paciente (RR = 1,035; IC95% = 1,008 - 1,062; p = 0,01) estiveram independentemente associadas à presença de CM. Não houve associação entre a presença de CM e genótipo ou carga viral do vírus C. No total, 102 pacientes foram tratados com interferon alfa e ribavirina. Desses, 31 apresentavam CM. A resposta virológica sustentada (em torno de 30%) não diferiu entre pacientes com e sem CM (p = 0...