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The Social Construction of International Institutions -ASEAN+3 and the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union

Nabers, Dirk
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 117699 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Conclusion : Both the ASEAN plus three process and the enlargement of the EU can be explained through a social constructivist variant of IR theory in which enlargement is understood as the expansion of international community to new members. Those who share the same values, norms, and, thereby, the same identity are integrating in one institution. At some points, rational considerations were finally turned into normative ones. In effect, both institutions' identities are closely related to a pan-European/Asian culture and history of which the candidate states obviously are an unquestionable part. In Europe, it was the end of the Cold War rather than the prospect of enlargement that lead to the realization of the pan-European idea; in East Asia, it was the Asian crisis that led to the institutionalization of the Asian idea. The evidence that can be derived from the two cases is though still much stronger in the European case. The focus on individual member states' preferences is obviously insufficient to explain outcomes that vary in important ways from the underlying distribution of power in the European Union. Interests are apparently driven by specific norms. While some of the toughest negotiations on agriculture and regional funding are going to be concluded only a short time before actual enlargement...

Untangling the Maze of European Union Funds to Bulgaria

Vincelette, Gallina Andronova; Vassileva, Iglika
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
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The paper presents a fiscal estimate of Bulgaria's perspective European Union (EU) membership. The projected EU funds have two distinct effects: first, there is the overall effect on the balance of payments of the country; and second, there is the pure effect on the national budget. The paper concludes that Bulgaria is likely to benefit from large net inflows of resources of an average of 3.7 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2007-09. In contrast, its fiscal position is expected to deteriorate by 1.6 percent of GDP on average in 2007-09 if no expenditure restructuring of the fiscal framework is carried out. The expected deterioration of the public finances related to EU accession would be due to co-financing requirements, national contributions to the EU budget, and possible full pre-financing of the EU direct payments to Bulgarian farmers in the first year of accession. However, the above expenditures will be partly offset by the budgetary compensation allocated out of the EU budget, savings from agricultural subsidies, and shifting of certain public expenditures to Cohesion Fund-supported projects.

Fazer, eu faço! : topicalização de constituintes verbais em portugues brasileiro

Ana Claudia Pinto Bastos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2001 Português
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O objetivo desta dissertação é descrever e analisar construções de português brasileiro que são caracterizadas por duas instâncias do mesmo verbo na mesma sentença, como mostrado abaixo: (1) Fazer, eu fiz o bolo. (2) Fazer o bolo, eu fiz (mas...) (3) Fazer bolo, eu sempre faço. Nessas construções, há, na periferia esquerda, uma instância verbal, que está na forma infinitiva e uma outra instância na posição regular dos verbos em português. A principal proposta desta dissertação é que essas construções com duas instâncias de um dado verbo sejam casos de topicalização de constituintes verbais e que esses casos devem ser classificados em três subtipos de acordo com suas propriedades sintáticas e semântico-pragmáticas. No primeiro capítulo, examino as estruturas de foco-pressuposição e tópico comentário e argumento que uma análise em termos de topicalização de constituintes verbais é a mais adequada. O segundo capítulo trata de dois efeitos semântico pragmáticos relacionados às sentenças coordenadas adversativas que podem seguir essas construções: o efeito de contrastividade e o efeito-mas. No terceiro capítulo, descrevo as propriedades sintáticas que distinguem os três tipos de topicalização de constituintes verbais. Finalmente...

O desertor no deserto : a trajetoria do Eu na Obra reunida de Campos de Carvalho

Roberval Alves Pereira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/07/2000 Português
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Concebendo-se a loucura como o princípio poético estruturador, na Obra reunida de Campos de Carvalho,, postula-se que o Eu poético, na forma de um eu de confronto e de auto confronto, realiza um duplo percurso no mundo e no eu. "O percurso no mundo", levado a efeito sobretudo em A lua vem da Asia, implica basicamente num processo de difamação e de autodifamação por parte do anti-herói trapaceiro e excêntrico, e de feição tragicômica, em seu envolvimento - :fraudador, suicida - com o próprio mundo, segundo as clandestinas regras do jogo. Tal processo, que não esconde, por trás do trapaceiro multifacetado e "fingido", o indignado e rebelde, em permanente conflito consigo mesmo, levará o narrador-personagem, já ao final de A lua vem da Ásia, a uma rejeição cada vez mais nítida e direta do mundo, o que se efetiva (como recusa das regras do jogo) nos dois percurso no eu". Ocorre, aí (precisamente, ao final de A chuva imóvel), o "primeiro desfecho" da Obra reunida, com o resgate do Eu que se busca, mas, paradoxakmente, no momento mesmo da sua morte por auto-supressão (suicídio). Esse momento representaria (e antecíparia, no plano histórico), o fechamento de uma etapa, com a morte simbólica do sujeito moderno tradicional e também do seu mundo. Finalmente...

Espaços interacionais e discursividades sobre gênero e desenvolvimento no programa trabalho e empreendedorismo da mulher e no projeto com licença, eu vou à luta no Distrito Federal

Machado, Hairam
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Estudos Comparados Sobre as Américas, 2012.; Este trabalho aborda duas iniciativas de governo, direcionadas às mulheres no Distrito Federal, no período de 2009 a 2011: o Programa Trabalho e Empreendedorismo da Mulher - PTEM e o Projeto Com Licença, Eu Vou à Luta. O primeiro resultou de parceria entre a Secretaria de Políticas para as Mulheres da Presidência da República – SPM/PR, entidades da sociedade civil e governos locais. O Projeto Com Licença, Eu Vou à Luta foi implementado pela Secretaria de Estado de Desenvolvimento social e Transferência de Renda do Distrito Federal – SEDEST. O planejamento das ações, tanto de um quanto de outro, fundamentou-se no discurso de promoção da autonomia das mulheres por meio de fomento ao empreendedorismo e capacitação para o mercado de trabalho. A análise do objeto empírico adota o pressuposto de que ambos os Programas de Trabalho constituíram espaços políticos interacionais decorrentes de uma articulação discursiva mais ampla e por vezes permeada por contradição, qual seja a de gênero e desenvolvimento. A questão central da pesquisa tem como ponto de partida o modo de inclusão das mulheres nas políticas públicas de trabalho que visam ao desenvolvimento...

Medium-term outlook for the EU agricultural commodity market: Proceedings from the October 2015 workshop

RONZON TEVECIA; SANTINI Fabien; ARAUJO ENCISO SERGIO RENÉ; FELLMANN THOMAS; PEREZ DOMINGUEZ Ignacio
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: Conferences and workshops organized by the JRC Formato: Online
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The aim of the expert workshop “Medium-term outlook for the EU agricultural commodity market”, held in October 2015 in Brussels, was to present and discuss the preliminary results of the outlook of the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development (DG AGRI) on European Union (EU) agricultural market developments. Participants included high-level policy makers and modelling and market experts and the workshop provided a forum in which to present and discuss recent and projected developments in the EU agricultural and commodity markets, and to outline the reasons behind observed and prospective developments. This year, the “Medium-term outlook for the EU agricultural commodity market” workshop included a special focus on the impact, on agricultural markets, of macroeconomic variables, such as changes in the euro exchange rate, changes in the Brent crude oil price and changes in animal food consumption in China. This document summarises the presentations and discussions on the macroeconomic and energy assumptions associated with this outlook, and on each of the EU agricultural markets addressed, namely the biofuel market, the arable crop market, the sugar market, the milk and dairy market, and the meat market. To conclude...

Electron spin resonance in Eu based Fe pnictides

von Nidda, H. -A. Krug; Kraus, S.; Schaile, S.; Dengler, E.; Pascher, N.; Hemmida, M.; Eom, M. J.; Kim, J. S.; Jeevan, H. S.; Gegenwart, P.; Deisenhofer, J.; Loidl, A.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/05/2012 Português
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The phase diagrams of EuFe$_{2-x}$Co$_x$As$_2$ $(0 \leq x \leq 0.4)$ and EuFe$_2$As$_{2-y}$P$_y$ $(0 \leq y \leq 0.43)$ are investigated by Eu$^{2+}$ electron spin resonance (ESR) in single crystals. From the temperature dependence of the linewidth $\Delta H(T)$ of the exchange narrowed ESR line the spin-density wave (SDW) $(T < T_{\rm SDW})$ and the normal metallic regime $(T > T_{\rm SDW})$ are clearly distinguished. At $T > T_{\rm SDW}$ the isotropic linear increase of the linewidth is driven by the Korringa relaxation which measures the conduction-electron density of states at the Fermi level. For $T < T_{\rm SDW}$ the anisotropy probes the local ligand field, while the coupling to the conduction electrons disappears. With increasing substitution $x$ or $y$ the transition temperature $T_{\rm SDW}$ decreases linearly accompanied by a linear decrease of the Korringa-relaxation rate from 8 Oe/K at $x=y=0$ down to 3 Oe/K at the onset of superconductivity at $x \approx 0.2$ or at $y \approx 0.3$, above which it remains nearly constant. Comparative ESR measurements on single crystals of the Eu diluted SDW compound Eu$_{0.2}$Sr$_{0.8}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ and superconducting (SC) Eu$_{0.22}$Sr$_{0.78}$Fe$_{1.72}$Co$_{0.28}$As$_2$ corroborate the leading influence of the ligand field on the Eu$^{2+}$ spin relaxation in the SDW regime as well as the Korringa relaxation in the normal metallic regime. Like in Eu$_{0.5}$K$_{0.5}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ a coherence peak is not detected in the latter compound at $T_{\rm c}=21$ K...

Magnetic ground state of superconducting Eu(Fe0.88Ir0.12)2As2: A combined neutron diffraction and first-principles calculation study

Jin, W. T.; Li, Wei; Su, Y.; Nandi, S.; Xiao, Y.; Jiao, W. H.; Meven, M.; Sazonov, A. P.; Feng, E.; Chen, Yan; Ting, C. S.; Cao, G. H.; Brückel, Th.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/02/2015 Português
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The magnetic order of the localized Eu$^{2+}$ spins in optimally-doped Eu(Fe$_{1-x}$Ir$_{x}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$ ($\mathit{x}$ = 0.12) with superconducting transition temperature $\mathit{T_{SC}}$ = 22 K was investigated by single-crystal neutron diffraction. The Eu$^{2+}$ moments were found to be ferromagnetically aligned along the $\mathit{c}$-direction with an ordered moment of 7.0(1) $\mu_{B}$ well below the magnetic phase transition temperature $\mathit{T_{C}}$ = 17 K. No evidence of the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural phase transition was found in this compound within the experimental uncertainty, in which the spin-density-wave (SDW) order of the Fe sublattice is supposed to be completely suppressed and the superconductivity gets fully developed. The ferromagnetic groud state of the Eu$^{2+}$ spins in Eu(Fe$_{0.88}$Ir$_{0.12}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$ was supported by the first-principles density functional calculation. In addition, comparison of the electronic structure calculations between Eu(Fe$_{0.875}$Ir$_{0.125}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$ and the parent compound EuFe$_{2}$As$_{2}$ indicates stronger hybridization and more expanded bandwith due to the Ir substitution, which together with the introduction of electrons might work against the Fe-SDW in favor of the superconductivity.; Comment: 7 pages...

Crystal structure of mixed fluorites Ca(1-x)Sr(x)F(2) and Sr(1-x)Ba(x)F(2) and luminescence of Eu(2+) in the crystals

Nikiforov, A. E.; Zaharov, A. Yu.; Chernyshev, V. A.; Ougrumov, M. Yu.; Kotomanov, S. V.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/06/2002 Português
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Within the framework of the virtual crystal method implemented in the shell model and pair potential approximation the crystal structure of mixed fluorites Ca(1-x)Sr(x)F(2) and Sr(1-x)Ba(x)F(2) has been calculated. The impurity center Eu(2+) and the distance Eu(2+)-F in this crystals have been also calculated. The low level position of excited 4f65d configuration of the Eu(2+) ion has been expressed using phenomenological dependence on distance E(2+)-F. The dependences of Stokes shift and Huang-Rhys factor on concentration x have been received for yellow luminescence in Sr(1-x)Ba(x)F(2):Eu(2+). The value x, for which the eg -level of Eu(2+) ion will be in conduction band in Sr(1-x)Ba(x)F(2):Eu(2+) has been calculated.; Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures. The manuscript is sent to journal 'Physics of the solid state'. The results will be submitted on inernational conference SCINTMAT'2002 in oral session (june,20-22,2002,Ekaterinburg,Russia). Corresponding author e-mail: vladimir.chernyshev@usu.ru

Effect of Eu doping and partial oxygen isotope substitution on magnetic phase transitions in (Pr$_{1-y}$Eu$_y$)$_{0.7}$Ca$_{0.3}$CoO$_3$ cobaltites

Babushkina, N. A.; Taldenkov, A. N.; Streltsov, S. V.; Kalinov, A. V.; Kuzmova, T. G.; Kamenev, A. A.; Kaul, A. R.; Khomskii, D. I.; Kugel, K. I.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We study experimentally and theoretically the effect of Eu doping and partial oxygen isotope substitution on the transport and magnetic characteristics and spin-state transitions in (Pr$_{1-y}$Eu$_y$)$_{0.7}$Ca$_{0.3}$CoO$_3$ cobaltites. The Eu doping level $y$ is chosen in the range of the phase diagram near the crossover between the ferromagnetic and spin-state transitions ($0.10 < y < 0.20$). We prepared a series of samples with different degrees of enrichment by the heavy oxygen isotope $^{18}$O, namely, containing 90%, 67%, 43%, 17%, and 0% of $^{18}$O. Based on the measurements of ac magnetic susceptibility $\chi(T)$ and electrical resistivity $\rho(T)$, we analyze the evolution of the sample properties with the change of Eu and $^{18}$O content. It is demonstrated that the effect of increasing $^{18}$O content on the system is similar to that of increasing the Eu content. The band structure calculations of the energy gap between $t_{2g}$ and $e_g$ bands including the renormalization of this gap due to the electron-phonon interaction reveal the physical mechanisms underlying such similarity.; Comment: 12 pages, 15 figures, submitted to JETP (the last version incorporates all changes made in the manuscript accepted for publication)

Mg, Ba and Eu abundances in thick disk and halo stars

Mashonkina, L.; Gehren, T.; Travaglio, C.; Borkova, T.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/10/2002 Português
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Our sample of cool dwarf stars from previous papers is extended in this study including 15 moderately metal-deficient stars. The samples of halo and thick disk stars have overlapping metallicities with [Fe/H] in the region from -0.9 to -1.5, and we first compare chemical properties of these two kinematically different stellar populations independent on their metallicity. We present barium, europium and magnesium abundances for the new sample of stars. The results are based on NLTE line formation obtained in differential model atmosphere analyses of high resolution spectra observed mainly using the UVES spectrogragh at the VLT of ESO. We confirm the overabundance of Eu relative to Mg in the halo stars. Eight halo stars show the [Eu/Mg] ratios between 0.23 and 0.41, whereas stars in the thick and thin disk display a solar Eu to Mg ratio. The [Eu/Ba] values found in the thick disk stars to lie between 0.35 and 0.57 suggest that during the thick disk formation evolved low-mass stars started to enrich the interstellar gas by s-nuclei of Ba, and the s-process contribution to Ba varies from 30% to 50%. Based on these results, and using the chemical evolution calculations by Travaglio et al. (1999), we estimate that the thick disk stellar population formed on a timescale from 1.1 to 1.6 Gyr from the beginning of the protogalactic collapse. In the halo stars the [Eu/Ba] ratios are found mostly between 0.40 and 0.67...

Anomalous Eu Valence State and Superconductivity in Undoped Eu3Bi2S4F4

Zhai, Hui-Fei; Zhang, Pan; Wu, Si-Qi; He, Chao-Yang; Tang, Zhang-Tu; Jiang, Hao; Sun, Yun-Lei; Bao, Jin-Ke; Nowik, I.; Felner, I.; Zeng, Yue-Wu; Li, Yu-Ke; Xu, Xiao-Feng; Tao, Qian; Xu, Zhu-An; Cao, Guang-Han
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/11/2014 Português
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We have synthesized a novel europium bismuth sulfofluoride, Eu3Bi2S4F4, by solid-state reactions in sealed evacuated quartz ampoules. The compound crystallizes in a tetragonal lattice (space group I4/mmm, a = 4.0771(1) A, c = 32.4330(6) A, and Z = 2), in which CaF2-type Eu3F4 layers and NaCl-like BiS2 bilayers stack alternately along the crystallographic c axis. There are two crystallographically distinct Eu sites, Eu(1) and Eu(2) at the Wyckoff positions 4e and 2a, respectively. Our bond-valence-sum calculation, based on the refined structural data, indicates that Eu(1) is essentially divalent, whilst Eu(2) has an average valence of +2.64(5). This anomalous Eu valence state is further confirmed and supported, respectively, by Mossbauer and magnetization measurements. The Eu3+ components donate electrons into the conduction bands that are mainly composed of Bi- 6px and 6py states. Consequently, the material itself shows metallic conduction, and superconducts at 1.5 K without extrinsic chemical doping.; Comment: 24 pages, 5 figures

Síntesis y caracterización de partículas nanoestructuradas de óxidos de tierras raras dopadas con Eu para propiedades luminiscentes obtenidas mediante técnicas de aerosol; Synthesis and characterization of rare earth oxide nanostructured particles doped with Eu for luminescent applications

Gómez, L. S.; Marinkovic, K.; Martín Hernández, María Isabel; Mena, I.; Milosevic, O.; Rabanal, M. Eugenia
Fonte: Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio Publicador: Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 764825 bytes; application/pdf
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[ES] Los óxidos de gadolinio y de ytrio dopados con europio (Gd2O3:Eu, Y2O3:Eu) presentan propiedades luminiscentes. Dichas propiedades mejoran con la utilización de materiales nanoestructurados, con geometría esférica y estrecha distribución de tamaño de partícula. Además, las propiedades luminiscentes son favorecidas cuando se tiene una distribución homogénea de los centros dopantes en la matriz del material anfitrión. En este estudio se presenta la síntesis y caracterización de óxidos de gadolinio y de ytrio dopados con diferentes proporciones de Eu. Se sintetizaron partículas nanoestructuradas mediante la técnica de Spray Pirólisis en un horno tubular a distintas temperaturas, las cuales fueron sometidas posteriormente a diferentes tratamientos isotérmicos. La caracterización morfológica, química y estructural de las nanopartículas se realizó por microscopia electrónica de barrido (MEB-EDS), microscopía electrónica de transmisión (MET) y difracción de rayos-X (DRX).; [EN] Gadolinium and Ytrium oxides doped with europium (Gd2O3:Eu, Y2O3:Eu) have luminiscent properties. Such properties are improved with the use of nanostructured materials with spherical geometry and narrow particle size distribution. Besides...

The EU as a security provider in its neighbourhood : the case of non-proliferation of WMD in the Mediterranean area

Kienzle, Benjamin
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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As a consequence of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the US-led war against Iraq, WMD and their proliferation have become a central element of the EU security agenda. In December 2003, the European Council adopted even a EU Strategy against Proliferation of WMD. The approach adopted in this Strategy can be largely described as a ‘cooperative security provider’ approach and is based on effective multilateralism, the promotion of a stable international and regional environment and the cooperation with key partners. The principal objective of this paper is to examine in how far the EU has actually implemented the ‘cooperative security provider’ approach in the area which the Non-proliferation Strategy identifies as one of its priorities – the Mediterranean. Focusing on the concept of security interdependence, the paper analyses first the various WMD dangers with which the EU is confronted in the Mediterranean area. Afterwards, it examines how the EU has responded to these hazards in the framework of the Barcelona process and, in particular, the new European Neighbourhood Policy. It is argued that despite its relatively powerful rhetoric, the EU has largely failed, for a wide range of reasons, to apply effectively its non-proliferation approach in the Mediterranean area and...

EU foreign policy towards Georgia : just for energy?

Pardo Sierra, Oscar
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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The paper analyses how the EU foreign policy towards Georgia changed after the Rose Revolution, reaching greater levels of involvement and assistance. It is argued that the pro-western and reformist new government in Georgia triggered a new orientation in the EU foreign policy towards the country based on a logic of appropriateness, that is EU´s values, in addition to energy interests. Comparative analysis in the Southern-Caucasus and other Eastern-European countries shows how reformist and pro-EU governments receive more EU support and assistance. This does not mean that material interest do not play an important role. However, the EU seems to be coherent with its values when regarding the European neighbourhood.

High Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of the Solid-Solution Zintl Phase Eu_(11)Cd_(6–x)Zn_xSb_(12)

Kazem, Nasrin; Hurtado, Antonio; Sui, Fan; Ohno, Saneyuki; Zevalkink, Alexandra; Snyder, Jeffrey G.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.
Fonte: American Chemical Society Publicador: American Chemical Society
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf; chemical/x-cif; chemical/x-cif; chemical/x-cif
Publicado em 23/06/2015 Português
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Solid-solution Zintl compounds with the formula Eu_(11)Cd_(6–x)Zn_xSb_(12) have been synthesized from the elements as single crystals using a tin flux according to the stoichiometry Eu:Cd:Zn:Sb:Sn of 11:6–x_p:x_p:12:30 with x_p = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, where x_p is the preparative amount of Zn employed in the reaction. The crystal structures and the compositions were established by single-crystal as well as powder X-ray diffraction and wavelength-dispersive X-ray analysis measurements. The title solid-solution Zintl compounds crystallize isostructurally in the centrosymmetric monoclinic space group C 2/m (No. 12, Z = 2) as the Sr_(11)Cd_6Sb_(12) structure type (Pearson symbol mC58). There is a miscibility gap at 3 ≤ x_p ≤ 4 where the major product crystallizes in a disordered structure related to the Ca_9Mn_4Bi_9 structure type; otherwise, for all other compositions, the Sr_(11)Cd_6Sb_(12) structure is the majority phase. Eu_(11)Cd_6Sb_(12) shows lower lattice thermal conductivity relative to Eu_(11)Zn_6Sb_(12) consistent with its higher mean atomic weight, and as anticipated, the solid-solution samples of Eu_(11)Cd_(6–x)Zn_xSb_(12) have effectively reduced lattice thermal conductivities relative to the end member compounds. Eu_(11.0(1))Cd_(4.5(2))Zn_(1.5(2))Sb_(12.0(1)) exhibits the highest zT value of >0.5 at around 800 K which is twice as large as the end member compounds.

The double in Borges: An analysis of four short stories “The other”, “The South”, “The improbable imposter Tom Castro” and “The dead”; O duplo em Borges: análise dos contos "O outro", "O sul", "O inverossímel impostor Tom Castro" e "O morto"

Cavalheiro, Juciane; Universidade do Estado do Amazonas; Fonseca, Rosa Maria Tavares; Universidade do Estado do Amazonas
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; 350; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2011 Português
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The figure of the Double can be found in several exemples when we talk about Jorge Luis Borges’ short stories. In this research, we have stabilished some general considerations about the idea of alterity. Besides, it has been done some analysis of the short stories in which we can observe a fragmented self as well where there is a confrontation between the self and the other. Our purpose is to verify how the relationship between the self and the other takes place and also the relation between the self with himself in the process of duplication. In this context it has been used some concepts of Bakhtin as excedente de visão and self-conciousness, as part of the theorectical support. A divided being as noticed in some of the characters in the analysed short stories can be a way the author managed to show his perception of subjetivity, in a global meaning. It is this divided  being between the self and the other that Borges tryes to capture.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2011v16n1p154Nos contos de Jorge Luis Borges, encontram-se inúmeros exemplos da figura do duplo. Neste trabalho são estabelecidas considerações gerais sobre a ideia de alteridade presente neste processo, além de análises de contos em que se faz presente a fragmentação do eu...

EU conflict management policy: comparing the security-development model in the 'sui generis' cases of Northern Ireland and Kosovo

Hughes, James
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Conference or Workshop Item; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2009 Português
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The EU has frequently presented Northern Ireland as a ‘model’ for conflict management, especially in the Balkans. The paper questions whether the EU had a strategic and coherent input into the Northern Ireland peace process through its Peace and Reconciliation Programs and argues that the rational logic of its actions hinged more on the goals of the Delors Commission for self-empowerment and competence expansion. Despite EU rhetoric, the development of EU conflict management instruments and policy since the late 1990s do not appear to be informed by the Northern Ireland ‘model’. Indeed, that model’s substantive elements – consociationalism, a lack of transitional justice, embedding sectarian structures – contravene EU norms of conflict management. The lack of transferable lesson-learning and the disjuncture between EU normative rhetoric about ‘multiethnicity’ and the realities of ethnic division are explored in the case of Kosovo.

Obstinate and unmovable? The EU vis-à-vis Myanmar via EU-ASEAN

Marchi, Ludovica
Fonte: Contemporary European Studies Association of Australia Publicador: Contemporary European Studies Association of Australia
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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This article examines continuity and change in the European Union’s interactions with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) with regard to Myanmar. As the EU has used its connections with ASEAN to raise its concerns around Myanmar, the Association’s behaviour also comes into focus. This investigation is linked to the evolution of the EU in world affairs via its political ties to ASEAN. It concentrates on the rather abrupt change introduced by the reform process launched in 2011-12, which marked the beginning of a new phase. The EU’s concern that the Myanmar issue not destabilise its relations with ASEAN has remained constant, however changes in the dialogue can be seen as forming three distinct phases. It is maintained that the aspiration to escape from pervasive China and the desirability of attracting new partners were the catalyst for these changes. Official documents from the EU, the European Commission, and European Council Conclusions and Common Positions, declarations issued at ASEAN, Asia-Europe and other meetings, together with secondary sources and interviews conducted mostly in Myanmar, contribute to this work. While many scholars have hinted at the extent to which the issue of Myanmar has been problematic to the EU-ASEAN links...

EU accession dynamics and conflict resolution: The case of Cyprus, 1988-2002.

Tocci, Nathalie
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2003 Português
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Since 1993, the European Commission, the EU member states and the Republic of Cyprus raised the expectation that the prospect of Cyprus' EU membership would act as a catalyst for a settlement of the island's conflict. Yet throughout the 1990s the divisions between the positions of the principal parties widened. In addition, the 1990s witnessed an escalation of tensions in the Easter Mediterranean, between Greece and Turkey, as well as between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. The 2002 negotiations failed to deliver an agreement, bringing closer the prospect of an unintended consolidation of the green line dividing the island. This study analyses the case of Cyprus and the EU with three objectives in mind. First, it explores the inter-relationship between the evolution of the conflict and the development of EU-Cyprus relations within the accession process. Why did the EU accession process fail to catalyse a settlement on the island, or at least a rapprochement between the conflicting parties. Second, it explains the factors driving the conduct of EU policies towards the conflict. Finally, this study seeks to show that the European Union framework could have added important incentives for a settlement and resolution of the conflict by providing an alternative context within which to address the basic needs of the principal parties. The case of Cyprus casts a different light on the problems involved in mobilising the EU's multi-level framework of governance in the field of external relations...