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Measuring the EU value added embodied in EU foreign exports by consolidating 27 national supply and use tables for 2000-2007

BOUWMEESTER Maaike C.; OOSTERHAVEN Jan; RUEDA CANTUCHE JOSE
Fonte: University of Groningen Publicador: University of Groningen
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
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This paper develops a method to consolidate national supply-use tables (SUTs) into a single supra-regional SUT. The method deals with mirror trade statistics problems, such as the different valuation of imports and exports, and it corrects for the double-counting of re-exports. To test the contribution of the various construction steps, the paper decomposes the EU value added that is embodied in the EU exports to third countries into seven components. When the national SUTs for the period 2000-2007 are used, neglecting intra-EU spillover and feedback effects between the 27 EU-members results in an underestimation of the embodied value added of 12-15%. Not consolidating the national tables leads to a further under-estimation of 11-16%. Both types of errors are substantial. With these underestimations removed, the exports to third countries still only explain around 11% of the EU27 GDP.; JRC.J.5-Sustainable Production and Consumption

Het nut van de enorme meertalige tekstcollecties van de EU om taaltechnologische oplossingen voor alle EU-talen te bouwen (Exploiting the EU’s enormous multilingual text collections to build Language Technology solutions for all EU languages)

STEINBERGER Ralf
Fonte: NOTaS Foundation Publicador: NOTaS Foundation
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
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According to a study by Europe’s leading Language Technology (LT) experts, 21 of 30 studied European languages (70%) are in danger of digital extinction because the digital support for these languages is non-existent or weak at best . The verdict was based on the assessment of four areas: automatic translation, speech interaction, text analysis and the availability of language resources. Language resources are the required ingredient to develop the three mentioned types of higher-level Language Technology software. Such valuable resources are, however, only sparsely available even for the majority of the EU’s 23 official languages. The EU produces and owns vast amounts of multilingual resources that can be exploited to develop language-related applications. The EU is thus in a position where it can give the field of Language Technology a big boost. And it does fulfil its duty. What do the EU Institutions make available? And how can even simple text collections be used to develop Language Technology software? Is the Dutch language also threatened? These are some of the questions we try to answer in this article, but let’s start at the beginning.; JRC.G.2-Global security and crisis management

Documentation of the European Comission’s EU module of the Aglink-Cosimo modelling system

ARAUJO ENCISO SERGIO RENÉ; PEREZ DOMINGUEZ Ignacio; SANTINI Fabien; HELAINE Sophie; DILLEN Koen; GAY Stephan Hubertus; CHARLEBOIS Pierre
Fonte: European Commission Publicador: European Commission
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This report documents the EU module of Aglink-Cosimo model. Aglink-Cosimo is a recursive-dynamic, partial equilibrium, supply demand model of world agriculture developed by the OECD and FAO Secretariats. The model is used to simulate development of annual supply, demand and prices for the main agricultural commodities produced, consumed and traded worldwide. Aglink-Cosimo covers 44 individual countries and 12 regions, and 40 commodities clearing markets at the world level. At the EU level, the Aglink-Cosimo model is used to produce the "Prospects for Agricultural Markets and Income in the EU". This is a yearly exercise that provides a detailed overview of EU agricultural markets with a 10 year time horizon. It incorporates information from policy makers and market experts in the European Commission, stakeholders, researchers and modellers. The EU Outlook intends to provide a broad consensus about the evolution of European Agriculture in the medium-term. It serves as reference timeline for counterfactual policy analysis and market analysis done in numerous research sites in Europe. The report includes a detailed presentation and discussion of the structure and specific features of the model, along with the theoretical underpinnings. It also documents the process of calibration such as to obtain a medium-term baseline and different efforts towards the validation of results. Nonetheless...

Sharing Lessons Learned Between Industries in EU

STRUCIC MIODRAG
Fonte: Croatian Nuclear Society Publicador: Croatian Nuclear Society
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
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Recent events in nuclear industry remind us on importance of continuous sharing of the knowledge and experience gained through evaluations of incidents and accidents. We frequently use experience from our daily life activities to improve our performance and avoid some mistakes or unwanted events. In the similar way we can use other industries experience. These experiences can be applied to improve nuclear safety. For example, Safety Culture, which has a great influence on the level of nuclear power plants safety, is similarly presented in other industries. Mechanisms which led to accidents from weak safety culture in one branch of other industry could be comparable to those in nuclear industry. Some other industries have many more cumulative years of experience than nuclear industry. Aviation and Oil industries are typical representatives. Part of their experience can be used in nuclear industry too. Number of reports from nuclear power plants showed us that not only specific equipment related causes lay behind accidents; there are also other causes and contributors which are more common for all industries. Hence lessons learned in other industry should be assessed and used in nuclear industry too. In the European Union, a regional initiative has been set up in 2008 in support of EU Member State nuclear safety authorities...

The European Diphtheria Surveillance Network (ESDN) a strong model to combat a rare disease and use resources efficiently, share knowledge openly, and give support effectively

Neal, Shona; Efstratiou, Androulla; The European Diphtheria Surveillance Network, EDSN
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 24/10/2012 Português
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Maria Paula Bajanca Lavado é a microbiologista responsável pela Diphtheria em Portugal e representa Portugal no ECDC no Grupo "The European Diphtheria Surveillance Network (EDSN)".; BACKGROUND: As diphtheria is uncommon within the EU, complacency and minimal awareness is constantly observed. However, diphtheria is still seen sporadically in many EU countries and recent outbreaks have occurred worldwide. From the success of the EU-funded Diphtheria Network (DIPNET), the European Diphtheria Surveillance Network (EDSN) was established in 2010 under the auspices of ECDC, and continues to integrate epidemiologists and microbiologists. Microbiological activities have been tendered to the Health Protection Agency and managed as work packages; coordination; diagnostic external quality assurance (EQA) scheme; serology EQA; training workshops and molecular typing. The main objective is to strengthen laboratory diagnosis to ensure accurate and comparative diphtheria surveillance across Europe. METHODS: Thirty laboratory experts were nominated from the EU and EEA countries. Since February 2010, there have been two network meetings, two diagnostic EQAs, one serology EQA and two training workshops. RESULTS: The first diagnostic EQA generated unacceptable identification and toxigenicity reports of 14% and 10%...

Estimating the Economic Performanc of the EU Aquaculture Sector

GUILLEN GARCIA Jordi; NATALE Fabrizio; FERNANDEZ POLANCO José M.
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Printed
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Despite the growing importance and high priority assigned by the EU policy makers to the development of aquaculture, little attention has been given to analyze the economic performance of the sector at EU level. Recently, the profitability of the EU aquaculture sector has been estimated by the European Commission’s Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF). However, the few studies that have estimated the profitability of the EU aquaculture sector show sometimes divergent results. In this paper, the economic performance of the EU aquaculture sector is analyzed by country, segment and main species for the years 2006, 2009 and 2010 using financial and accounting data extracted from the Amadeus database and results are compared to other studies. This analysis helps to understand the methodological differences between the diverse sources. Moreover, this alternative methodology offers a simpler and faster alternative to the STECF’s profitability estimates of the aquaculture sector. The analysis indicates that after the economic downturn, companies started to recover profits in 2010 in almost all segments and countries, and that the highest profitability is recorded by companies in the marine segment as compared to freshwater and shellfish.; JRC.G.3-Maritime affairs

Political participation of non-national residents in Portugal; Political participation of non-national residents in Portugal; Political participation of non-national residents in Portugal; Political participation of non-national residents in Portugal

Costa Leite, Isabel; Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Fonte: Fundação Fernando Pessoa/Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa Publicador: Fundação Fernando Pessoa/Edições Universidade Fernando Pessoa
Tipo: article; article; article; article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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Em Portugal, novas medidas de participação política têm vindo a ser introduzidas tanto por força da transição para uma sociedade multicultural como pela sua participação na integração política europeia que se direcciona para um novo nível de cidadania. O presente artigo pretende mostrar até que ponto os residentes não-nacionais, de países terceiros e da União Europeia, efectivamente usam os seus novos direitos políticos e participam nos actos eleitorais em Portugal, conferindo-lhes a oportunidade de uma maior integração política no seu Estado de residência.; In Portugal, new rules of political participation have been imposed by the transition to a multicultural society, in addition to the European political integration that is currently developing towards a new level of citizenship. This paper intends to show to what extent non-national residents, both from EU and non-EU countries, effectively use their new political rights and participate in the Portuguese electoral acts that give them the opportunity for a wider political integration in their state of residence.; Em Portugal, novas medidas de participação política têm vindo a ser introduzidas tanto por força da transição para uma sociedade multicultural como pela sua participação na integração política europeia que se direcciona para um novo nível de cidadania. O presente artigo pretende mostrar até que ponto os residentes não-nacionais...

Cuotas y reestructuración en la UE-15 y España: hacia un drástico redimensionamiento del sector productor; Quotas and restructuring in the EU and Spain: towards a drastic resizing of the milk sector

Calcedo Ordóñez, Victoriano
Fonte: Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente Publicador: Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
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RESUMEN. El proceso de desaparición de explotaciones y reestructuración (concentración de la producción en unidades de mayor dimensión por su cuota), aunque de intensidad variable en la UE-15, prosigue y es previsible que no se detenga, sobre todo si el ciclo de bajos precios de la leche, tras los avatares de la segunda mitad de 2007 y comienzos de 2008, vuelve para mantenerse a medio plazo impulsado por la reforma del la OCM en la reforma intermedia de la PAC de 2003 (MTR) y su revisión de 2008 (incremento anual de cuota a todos los EE.MM. en un horizonte de desaparición de las cuotas en 2015). En ese contexto, España, con Portugal y Grecia, e Italia a cierta distancia, encabeza las tasas de abandono de la producción y de aumento de la cantidad de referencia media de las explotaciones. Resaltan Bélgica, Holanda, Bélgica y Alemania como los EE.MM. de menor descenso del número de explotaciones y de menor progreso de la cuota media por explotación, siempre por debajo de la media de la UE-15, y Dinamarca y Reino Unido por importantes declives del primer parámetro, correspondidos con fuertes progresos del segundo. Los demás EE.MM. no difieren de la media de la UE-15 (-6,5 por ciento tasa para el número y 7,2 por ciento para la cuota media). Desde el punto de vista territorial...

Deliberalization in Jordan the roles of Islamists and U.S.-EU assistance in stalled democratization

Hammerstein, Ralf P.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xvi, 139 p. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Despite some political openings in Jordan during the 1980s, the democratization process is presently stalled. What explains the lack of continuous democratization in Jordan while democratic transitions in many other countries around the world have taken place? This study seeks to understand the reasons behind stalled democratization in Jordan by analyzing three variables: the nature of the opposition movement; the role of domestic and international events in shaping opposition-regime interactions; and the role of U.S.-European Union (EU) assistance to Jordan. The major finding of this study is that democratization in Jordan has stalled due to the regime's policy of preventing political opportunities to maintain the status quo backed by the U.S. and the EU. Political inclusion of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) will bode well for Jordan's democratic progress. The MB's strategic behavior has withstood an Islamist radicalization in light of repression and unpopular western policy. Nevertheless, neither the U.S. nor the EU pushed for more liberalization, which enables the MB to gain political access. The U.S. and the EU opted for a realist approach, focusing on security in Jordan. This thesis proposes a rethinking of assistance to Jordan based on a burden sharing between the U.S. and the EU.; German Army author

Mediating the EU: Deciphering the transformation of Turkish elites

Saka, Erkan
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: application/pdf
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Reporting the European Union (EU) is the mother of all political coverage in Turkey even if the actors deny it. In mediating the EU, senior journalists, editors and columnists act not as spokespersons of other elites but become a group of elites that organize, produce, mediate the existing Republican rule whose foundations are directly linked to the founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Their role appears through the formation of a political assemblage, which I call the EU Process Assemblage. Even if a journalist has a pro-EU stance personally, overall journalistic production tends to be anti-EU because of their embeddedness in this assemblage. This particular assemblage formed during a political party, AKP, which did not have traditional Republican credibilities, came to rule. Senior journalists acted against the political authority fiercely, even this meant not good for business. In republican history, journalists are known to oppose government policies but there was never such an ideological stance against the civil authority before. By senior journalists, I particularly think of those who are based in the giant media conglomeration, Dogˇan Media Group (DMG). There are exceptional, mostly 'liberal' columnists in DMG or some others in the growing media power of pro-AKP press corps. However...

Impacts of the EU biofuel policy on agricultural markets and land use - Modelling assessment with AGLINK-COSIMO (2012 version)

HÉLAINE Sophie; M'BAREK Robert; GAY Stephan Hubertus
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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The European Union's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) sets an overall target of 20% of the EU's energy used to come from renewable sources by 2020. As part of this target, at least 10% of total transport fuel consumption is to come from renewable energies (RE). However, the extent to which these 2020 targets will be met is uncertain. On 17 October 2012, the European Commission published a proposal to amend the RED to improve the sustainability of biofuels. Therefore the development of the biofuel market is highly uncertain, especially in the EU. This report aims to analyse different scenarios that could occur in the EU in the years to come. First is an assumed situation in which by 2020 biofuels would contribute 8% towards the RE transport target. Secondly the EC's proposal is analysed. Finally a complete removal of the biofuel policy in the EU is simulated. All scenarios are compared to a situation with biofuels contributing 10% towards the target. The simulations are run with the AGLINK-COSIMO model. The simulations show that less ethanol would be used if only 8% of transport fuel was to originate from biofuels (in % RED counting), and that with the EC's proposal biofuels would represent 7.5% of transport fuel. In these two cases...

Does Europe Perform Too Little Corporate R&D? A Comparison of EU and non-EU Corporate R&D Performance

MONCADA PATERNO' CASTELLO PIETRO; CIUPAGEA Constantin; SMITH Keith; TUBBS Mike; TUEBKE ALEXANDER
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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This paper examines whether there are differences in private R&D investment performance between the EU and the US and, if so, why. The study is based on data from the 2008 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard. The investigation assesses the effects of several very distinct factors that can determine the relative size of the overall R&D intensities of the two economies: these are the influence of sector composition (structural effect) vis-à-vis the intensity of R&D in each sector (intrinsic effect) and the company demographics. The paper finds that the lower overall corporate R&D intensity for the EU is the result of sector specialisation (structural effect) - the US has a stronger sectoral specialisation in the high R&D intensity (especially ICT-related) sectors than does the EU, and also has a much larger population of R&D investing firms within these sectors. Since aggregate R&D indicators are so closely dependent on industrial structures, many of the debates and claims about differences in comparative R&D performance are in effect about industrial structure rather than sector R&D performance. These have complex policy implications that are discussed in the closing section.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

EU-US Differences in the Size of R&D-intensive Firms: Do they Explain the Overall R&D Intensity Gap?

ORTEGA-ARGILÉS Raquel; BRANDSMA Andries
Fonte: BEECH TREE PUBLISHING Publicador: BEECH TREE PUBLISHING
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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The average firm size of the top R&D investors among US-based companies is smaller than that of the EU-based firms. Does this help to explain why the US has a greater R&D intensity, or is the higher firm size in the EU, just as its lower R&D intensity, determined by the sectors in which the top R&D investors are operating? Using data on the top-R&D investors from the 2006 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard, the size differential between R&D performers in the EU and US is more closely examined. A first observation is that, despite great differences between sectors, the overall distribution of companies' R&D investments in both economies is remarkably similar, as opposed to the distribution of the R&D/sales ratios. In the US as well as in the EU, smaller sized Scoreboard companies tend to spend a larger proportion of their income from sales on R&D.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

New insights on EU-US comparison of corporate R&D - IPTS WORKING PAPER on CORPORATE R&D AND INNOVATION - No. 1/2010

MONCADA PATERNO' CASTELLO Pietro
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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Policy-makers have become increasingly aware that corporate R&D and innovation are the main drivers of an economy's competitiveness and growth. The widespread adoption of R&D targets has led researchers and analysts to pursue a deeper understanding of corporate R&D investment trends, drivers and impacts. This paper focuses on the main differences between the EU and the US in corporate R&D performance, especially in the following three main aspects: (i) dynamics of the economic structures and the cause of the R&D intensity gap; (ii) R&D performance and company demographics and (iii) financial availability and corporate R&D investment. Based on the literature review, the paper concludes that (a) there have been more dynamic changes in the structure of the US economy than in the EU in the last two decades which in turn have favoured the growth in the US of higher R&D-intensity sectors to a larger extent than in the EU; (b) younger and smaller-sized US companies are more present - and show a higher capacity to grow - in high-R&D intensity sectors than similar companies in the EU; (c) financial markets, especially in the last decade, have hampered EU firms' R&D investment more than that of US firms. The paper concludes that policy measures to stimulate corporate R&D and innovation activities should be expressly conceived according to the typology of companies...

Facilitating innovation in European research area through pre-competitive EU-funded COST Actions

RAKHMATULLIN RUSLAN; BRENNAN Louis
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Articles in periodicals and books Formato: Online
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The European Union (EU) Heads of States regularly confirm that knowledge and innovation are critical to Europe's growth and agreed to make the EU the most competitive knowledge-driven economy. The EU's ability to facilitate innovation by strengthening its research capacities is central to achieving this goal. Some EU initiatives under this innovation policy integrate research capacities already existing in individual states through pan-European participation in collaborative projects in science and technology. The EU is financing a number of formal pre-competitive networking programs aiming at a better deployment of existing national research capacities via their inclusion in joint research initiatives. Although there is a general consensus that increasing levels of collaboration amongst researchers produce better results, the issue of research networking and of related research outcomes continues to generate debate with a wide variety of views on what roles such programs play and their general implications for research and scientific performance. As the EU Framework Programme 7 is coming to its end, this paper explores whether such formal networking programs contribute to facilitating innovation in the European Research Area by enabling Science and Technology participants to achieve anticipated research outcomes from their involvement in such programs.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

The 2010 EU Survey on R&D Investment Business Trends

TUEBKE Alexander; HERNANDEZ GUEVARA Hector
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This report presents the findings of the sixth survey on trends in business R&D investment. These are based on 205 responses of mainly larger companies from the 1000 EU-based companies in the 2010 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard. These 205 companies are responsible for R&D investment worth almost €40 billion, constituting around 30% of the total R&D investment by the 1000 EU Scoreboard companies. The main result is that top R&D investing companies in the EU expect their global R&D investments to grow by 5 % annually from 2011 to 2013. This is more than double the rate of last year's expectations, and represents a significant upturn from the 2.6 % R&D investment cuts observed for these companies in 2009. Companies surveyed expect their R&D investment inside the EU to grow 3 % a year over the next three years, although this remains the lowest rate compared to what they expect to invest in R&D in other world regions, especially in Asian countries like China (25%) or India (8%), but also in the US and Canada (5%).; JRC.J.3-Knowledge for Growth

Involving the citizens. Radioactive waste management and the EU

FERRARO GIANLUCA
Fonte: INFORUM VERLAGS-VERWALTUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH Publicador: INFORUM VERLAGS-VERWALTUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Online
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The European Union (EU) has been often criticized for its democratic deficit, which has been studied in the academic literature at multiple levels: in the polity (macro-level), the institutions (meso-level) and the policies (micro-level) of the EU. The paper presents counterarguments in favour of the democratic nature of the EU and focuses on the micro-level, particularly the process of implementation of EU policies. Policy implementation and the democratic involvement of citizens are discussed with regard to radioactive waste management and the Directive 2011/70/EURATOM. The Directive's clause on transparency and the recent development of a centre of knowledge for public participation in energy policy implementation by the European Commission (EC) are expression of the democratic nature of the EU and provide further counterarguments to the claim of democratic deficit.; JRC.F.4-Innovative Technologies for Nuclear Reactor Safety

Involving the citizens. Radioactive waste management and the EU

FERRARO GIANLUCA
Fonte: European Nuclear Society Publicador: European Nuclear Society
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Online
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The European Union (EU) has been often criticized for its democratic deficit, which has been studied in the academic literature at multiple levels: in the polity (macro-level), the institutions (meso-level) and the policies (micro-level) of the EU. The paper presents counterarguments in favour of the democratic nature of the EU and focuses on the micro-level, particularly the process of implementation of EU policies. Policy implementation and the democratic involvement of citizens are discussed with regard to radioactive waste management and the Directive 2011/70/EURATOM. The Directive's clause on transparency and the recent development of a centre of knowledge for public participation in energy policy implementation by the European Commission (EC) are expression of the democratic nature of the EU and provide further counterarguments to the claim of democratic deficit.; JRC.F.4-Innovative Technologies for Nuclear Reactor Safety

The 2009 EU Survey on R&D Investment Business Trends

TUEBKE Alexander; HERNANDEZ GUEVARA Hector; CINCERA MICHELE
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
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This report presents the findings of the fifth survey on trends in business R&D investment. These are based on 185 responses of mainly larger companies from the 1000 EU-based companies in the 2008 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard. These 185 companies are responsible for R&D investment worth almost ¿48 billion, constituting over a third of the total R&D investment by the 1000 EU Scoreboard companies in 2008. The main findings of the survey are as follows: The companies¿ R&D investment is expected to grow by 2% annually over 2010-12, half the amount expected according to last year¿s survey, reflecting the ongoing effects of the economic crisis. More than half of the respondents made changes to the management of their R&D investments as a result of the economic crisis. Around 40% of the respondents said there was no change. The companies, all EU-based, expect strong R&D investment increases outside the EU, especially in China and India. The resulting R&D investment outflow implies sustained but smooth changes in R&D investment shares in world regions. Tax incentives appear to be particularly important for high R&D intensive companies. With respect to last year's survey, these companies also attach a great deal of importance to regulatory intervention to improve product markets and framework conditions...

The 2007 EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard

HERNANDEZ GUEVARA HECTOR; TUEBKE ALEXANDER; MONCADA PATERNO' CASTELLO PIETRO
Fonte: OPOCE Publicador: OPOCE
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This report presents the results of the 2007 edition of the "EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard" (Scoreboard). It provides information on the 1000 EU companies and 1000 non-EU companies investing the largest sums in R&D. The Scoreboard includes R&D figures along with other economic and financial data from the last four financial years. The report includes a discussion on the key figures of the world¿s top R&D investors. It examines overall levels of R&D, the performance of the EU companies, and the main changes that took place last year. The performance of individual companies among the top R&D investors, in particular those undergoing significant R&D growth is outlined. Moreover, an overview of the company data aggregated by industrial sectors and world regions, with comparisons between the EU companies and their main competitors is included.; JRC.J.3-Knowledge for Growth