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Quem sou eu (s)em ti? A tácita alteridade na auto-mutilação

Lopes, Jaime José Braz
Fonte: ISPA - Instituto Universitário Publicador: ISPA - Instituto Universitário
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica; Comportamentos auto-mutilatórios – escoriação deliberada do corpo sem ideação suicida – têm, desde há muitos anos, sido tratados como tentativas de suicídio. Estas manifestações consideradas patológicas, que não obedecem a motivos socialmente sancionados, têm apresentado uma crescente incidência nos últimos anos, tanto pelo adoecimento psicossomático quer pelo agir. Neste estudo, procura-se estudar a dinâmica dos processos de identidade a nível da alteridade enquanto processo intrínseco à formação do eu em duas participantes – de 21 e 24 anos, do sexo feminino – com comportamentos de auto-mutilação. Os instrumentos utilizados foram o Rorschach e a Entrevista Narrativa em Associação Livre. No Rorschach construiu-se uma grelha de procedimentos de análise específica à problemática da alteridade: a dependência do sujeito face ao outro; a indistinção eu-outro, interno-externo; a fragilidade na função continente e na função de pára-excitação; a dificuldade na separação e individuação e a problemática na identidade e representação de si; na Entrevista Narrativa em Associação Livre foi feito uma desconstrução com base nas elaborações...

A passagem do "eu penso" ao "eu existo" em Jaakko Hintikka e em Jacques Lacan

Sales,Léa Silveira
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Teoria Psicanalítica do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Teoria Psicanalítica do Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 Português
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Apesar de validar o cogito no ato da enunciação, o interesse que Lacan nele deposita se distancia da autoverificabilidade existencial da proposição "eu existo", tal como defendida por Jaako Hintikka. Embora ambos os autores assumam a necessidade de remeter o ato da representação a algo além do nível da representação (a qualificação performativa do cogito), se, para o primeiro, a força do argumento cartesiano concentra-se na proposição "eu existo", na medida que saberíamos a quem este "eu" encontrar-se-ia referido, para o psicanalista, essa é justamente a proposição ameaçada de invalidação e, tal saber, aquele que deve ser questionado.

Options, challenges and potentials of poultry meat: an empirical investigation on european consumers

Vukasović,T
Fonte: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas Publicador: Fundação APINCO de Ciência e Tecnologia Avícolas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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Agricultural market developments have attracted considerable attention recently, due to increasing consumer food prices and sharp short term price fluctuations of agricultural commodity prices. This medium term outlook provides a projection for major EU agricultural commodity markets and agricultural income until the year 2022, based on a set of coherent assumptions. Under these assumptions, agricultural commodity prices are expected to stay firm over the medium term, supported by factors such as the growth in global food demand, the development of the biofuel sector and a prolongation of the long-term decline in food crop productivity growth. EU commodity markets are projected to remain balanced on average over the outlook period, without the need for market intervention. Prospects for agricultural income grow at EU level during the outlook period, resulting from continuing decline in labor input rather than from income increases at sector level (European Commission, 2012). The article concentrates on the prospects for European meat market trends and on results of the primary quantitative research which was carried out in four countries EU member state.

Synthesis and White-Light Emission of ZnO/HfO2: Eu Nanocables

Liu, Lixin; Zhang, Hongliang; Wang, Yuan; Su, Yurong; Ma, Ziwei; Xie, Yizhu; Zhao, Haiting; Chen, Changcheng; Liu, Yanxia; Guo, Xiaosong; Su, Qing; Xie, Erqing
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/2010 Português
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ZnO/HfO2:Eu nanocables were prepared by radio frequency sputtering with electrospun ZnO nanofibers as cores. The well-crystallized ZnO/HfO2:Eu nanocables showed a uniform intact core–shell structure, which consisted of a hexagonal ZnO core and a monoclinic HfO2 shell. The photoluminescence properties of the samples were characterized. A white-light band emission consisted of blue, green, and red emissions was observed in the nanocables. The blue and green emissions can be attributed to the zinc vacancy and oxygen vacancy defects in ZnO/HfO2:Eu nanocables, and the yellow–red emissions are derived from the inner 4f-shell transitions of corresponding Eu3+ ions in HfO2:Eu shells. Enhanced white-light emission was observed in the nanocables. The enhancement of the emission is ascribed to the structural changes after coaxial synthesis.

An Octadentate Luminescent Eu(III) 1,2-HOPO Chelate with Potent Aqueous Stability

Moore, Evan G.; Jocher, Christoph J.; Xu, Jide; Werner, Eric J.; Raymond, Kenneth N.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The synthesis, characterization, and photophysical properties of two novel ligands, 5LINMe-1,2-HOPO (1) and H(2,2)-1,2-HOPO (2), which utilize the 1,2-HOPO chelate as a sensitizer for Eu(III) are reported. In addition, the former ligand was structurally characterized as the Eu(III) complex by X-ray crystallography. The [Eu(1)2]− complex of the tetradentate ligand (1) is stable in aqueous solution, to a limiting concentration of ca. 7×10−9 M, and retains the superior photophysical performance noted for the 1,2-HOPO sensitizer. By contrast, the octadentate ligand (2) has vastly improved stability as the [Eu(2)]− complex upon further dilution, to a limiting concentration of ca. 5×10−17 M, which is beyond the minimum detectable concentration of most fluorimeters. The presence of a single coordinated water molecule for the latter complex reduces the overall metal centered luminescence.

Chiroptical spectra of a series of tetrakis((+)–3–heptafluorobutylyrylcamphorato)lanthanide(III) with an encapsulated alkali metal ion: circularly polarized luminescence and absolute chiral structures for the Eu(III) and Sm(III) complexes

Lunkley, Jamie L.; Shirotani, Dai; Yamanari, Kazuaki; Kaizaki, Sumio; Muller, Gilles
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The luminescence and circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) spectra of MI[Eu((+)–hfbc)4] show a similar behavior to the exciton CD in the intraligand π–π* transitions when the alkali metal ions and solvents are manipulated. There is a difference in susceptibility in solvation toward the alkali metal ions but not toward the Eu(III) ion, as in the case of axially symmetric DOTA–type compounds. The remarkable CPL in the 4f–4f transitions provide much more information on stereospecific formation of chiral Eu(III) complexes, since CPL spectroscopy is limited to luminescent species and reflects selectively toward helicity of the local structural environment around the lanthanide(III). While in comparison, exciton CD reveals the chiral structural information from the helical arrangement of the four bladed chelates. Of special importance, the observation of the highest CPL activities measured to date for lanthanide(III)–containing compounds (i.e. Eu and Sm) in solution supports that the chirality of Lanthanide(III) in the excited state corresponds to that in the ground state, which was derived from the exciton CD.

THE POLITICS OF RISK AND EU GOVERNANCE OF HUMAN MATERIAL

Farrel, Anne-Maree
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2009 Português
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This paper examines the politics of EU risk governance in relation to human material. It is argued that the political context has informed the way in which risks in relation to various types of human material have come to be defined as policy problems at EU level. In turn, this has influenced the design and/or persistence of institutional arrangements to manage such problems. It is further argued that this political context has resulted in a significant level of disconnection in risk governance in the area. This has happened in two ways. First, there has been a growing level of disconnection between institutional and stakeholder demands for a more expansive approach to risk governance in the area and the narrowly-circumscribed competence under Article 152(4)(a) EC, which permits the adoption of risk regulation regimes that set minimum standards of quality and safety in relation to blood, tissue/cells and organs. Second, it has led to the development of institutional arrangements that promote a bifurcated approach to risk governance, specifically in relation to blood and tissues/cells. Although a hybrid of traditional and new governance mechanisms have been employed to address this problem of disconnection, this has nevertheless added a further layer to already complex institutional arrangements for risk governance in the area. It is suggested that a more integrated approach to EU risk governance in relation to human material is needed. Implementing such an approach would contribute to greater clarity...

A framework to start the debate on neonatal screening policies in the EU: an Expert Opinion Document

Cornel, Martina C; Rigter, Tessel; Weinreich, Stephanie S; Burgard, Peter; Hoffmann, Georg F; Lindner, Martin; Gerard Loeber, J; Rupp, Kathrin; Taruscio, Domenica; Vittozzi, Luciano
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The European Union (EU) Council Recommendation on rare diseases urged the member states to implement national and EU collaborative actions to improve the health care of rare disease patients. Following this recommendation, the European Commission launched a tender on newborn screening (NBS) to report on current practices of laboratory testing, form a network of experts and provide guidance on how to further implement NBS screening in a responsible way, the latter of which was provided in an Expert Opinion document. After consultation of experts from EU member states, (potential) candidate member states and European Free Trade Association countries, in a consensus meeting in June 2011, 70 expert opinions were finalized. They included the need to develop case definitions for all disorders screened for to facilitate assessment and international outcome studies. Decision whether a screening program should be performed can be based on screening criteria updated from the traditional Wilson and Jungner (1968) criteria, relating to disease, treatment, test and cost. The interest of the child should be central in the assessment of pros and cons. A European NBS body should assess evidence on (new) screening candidate disorders. For rare conditions...

Biodiversity funds and conservation needs in the EU under climate change

Lung, Tobias; Meller, Laura; van Teeffelen, Astrid J.A.; Thuiller, Wilfried; Cabeza, Mar
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/07/2014 Português
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Despite ambitious biodiversity policy goals, less than a fifth of the European Union’s (EU) legally protected species and habitats show a favorable conservation status. The recent EU biodiversity strategy recognizes that climate change adds to the challenge of halting biodiversity loss, and that an optimal distribution of financial resources is needed. Here, we analyze recent EU biodiversity funding from a climate change perspective. We compare the allocation of funds to the distribution of both current conservation priorities (within and beyond Natura 2000) and future conservation needs at the level of NUTS-2 regions, using modelled bird distributions as indicators of conservation value. We find that funding is reasonably well aligned with current conservation efforts but poorly fit with future needs under climate change, indicating obstacles for implementing adaptation measures. We suggest revising EU biodiversity funding instruments for the 2014-2020 budget period to better account for potential climate change impacts on biodiversity.

EU-OPENSCREEN—chemical tools for the study of plant biology and resistance mechanisms

Meiners, Torsten; Stechmann, Bahne; Frank, Ronald
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/07/2014 Português
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EU-OPENSCREEN is an academic research infrastructure initiative in Europe for enabling researchers in all life sciences to take advantage of chemical biology approaches to their projects. In a collaborative effort of national networks in 16 European countries, EU-OPENSCREEN will develop novel chemical compounds with external users to address questions in, among other fields, systems and network biology (directed and selective perturbation of signalling pathways), structural biology (compound-target interactions at atomic resolution), pharmacology (early drug discovery and toxicology) and plant biology (response of wild or crop plants to environmental and agricultural substances). EU-OPENSCREEN supports all stages of a tool development project, including assay adaptation, high-throughput screening and chemical optimisation of the ‘hit’ compounds. All tool compounds and data will be made available to the scientific community. EU-OPENSCREEN integrates high-capacity screening platforms throughout Europe, which share a rationally selected compound collection comprising up to 300,000 (commercial and proprietary compounds collected from European chemists). By testing systematically this chemical collection in hundreds of assays originating from very different biological themes...

Screening for Infectious Diseases among Newly Arrived Migrants in EU/EEA Countries—Varying Practices but Consensus on the Utility of Screening

Kärki, Tommi; Napoli, Christian; Riccardo, Flavia; Fabiani, Massimo; Dente, Maria Grazia; Carballo, Manuel; Noori, Teymur; Declich, Silvia
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Screening is one possible tool for monitoring infectious diseases among migrants. However, there is limited information on screening programmes targeted for newly arrived migrants in EU/EEA countries. Our aim was to investigate the implementation, practices and usefulness of these programmes. We conducted a survey among country experts from EU/EEA countries and Switzerland, asking whether their countries had implemented screening programmes. We also estimated the association between the implementation of these programmes and the rate of asylum-seekers in the population. Of the countries, 16 (59%) had implemented screening programmes and 15 (56%) had national guidelines. The rate of asylum-seekers was associated with implementation of screening programmes (p = 0.014). Screening was performed most often for tuberculosis; most commonly on holding level, and was targeted to specific migrant groups in over half of the countries performing screening. Twenty-five of all the country experts (96%) considered screening among migrants useful, and 24 (92%) would welcome EU level guidelines for screening. The implementation of screening programmes varied, and the practices were different among countries. Our survey suggests, that establishing EU level guidelines for screening would be useful...

Por que participar de comunidades virtuais antimarca?: um estudo com a comunidade virtual Eu odeio a Rede Globo do Orkut

Duarte, Alessandra Hernandez
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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Este estudo tem como objetivo central identificar os motivos que determinam o ingresso e a participação de usuários em uma comunidade virtual antimarca existente no site de relacionamento Orkut, denominada Eu odeio a Rede Globo. O estudo prioriza as motivações que estimulam o ingresso, a participação na comunidade e nos fóruns do grupo. Para isso foi feita uma pesquisa qualitativa que contou com duas técnicas de coleta de dados. A primeira foi constituída por uma observação na comunidade Eu odeio a Rede Globo. A segunda foi composta por entrevistas em profundidade com quinze membros que participavam dos fóruns desse grupo virtual com mais frequência e adicionando comentários relevantes. As entrevistas foram feitas por meio eletrônico. Para a definição das categorias do estudo foi feita uma análise de conteúdo. As categorias analisadas foram: comprometimento, identificação, relacionamento, normas e convenções, linguagens próprias, interatividade, mudanças de comportamento, rejeição à marca e anticonsumo. Foi possível identificar que os fatores identificação, relacionamento, normas, interatividade e rejeição à marca são significativos na hora de se decidir pelo ingresso e participação em fóruns da comunidade...

Violência, silêncio e melancolia em Marçal Aquino: uma leitura de Eu receberia as piores notícias de seus lindos lábios

Souza, Fabrina Martinez de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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O objetivo da dissertação é expor como os elementos violência, silêncio e melancolia foram representados no romance Eu receberia as piores notícias de seus lindos lábios, escrito por Marçal Aquino e publicado em 2005, tendo como plataforma de observação os operadores da narrativa: enredo; personagem; espaço e ambientação; foco narrativo e tempo. Em nossa leitura, exploramos várias camadas da obra analisando a organização textual do discurso narrativo por meio de pressupostos teóricos que consideraram técnicas próprias da narrativa ficcional, do jornalismo, da contemporaneidade e dos elementos temáticos supracitados. Contudo, consideramos que o estudo da estrutura narrativa seja o elemento central de nosso trabalho e os demais temas, desdobramentos correspondentes à leitura. Para cada operador da narrativa, foram acionados os textos que, a partir de nossa pesquisa, consideramos os mais adequados, entretanto, alguns se destacam em duas ou mais análises, como os trabalhos realizados pelos críticos Massaud Moises e Vitor Manuel de Aguiar e Silva. Já outras análises foram subsidiadas praticamente num único pressuposto teórico como no caso do tempo e do ponto de vista, em que privilegiamos Gerard Genette e Norman Friedman...

Implementation of the European Union’s Nitrates Directive in Turkey

Yetis, Ulku; Yukseler, Hande; Valatka, Simonas; Girgin, Serkan; Semeniene, Daiva; Kerestecioglu, Merih; Jacobsen, Micheal
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The European Union (EU)’s Nitrates Directive (ND) (91/676/EEC) aims to reduce water pollution caused or induced by nitrates from agricultural sources and to prevent further such pollution. Turkey being a candidate country to EU requires heavy cost investments in achieving approximation with EU Environmental Acquis. This study provides a description of the technical measures and investment cost assessment related to the implementation of the ND in Turkey. As Turkey has not yet designated nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZs) according to requirements of the EU’s ND, three scenarios were developed to estimate the capital investments needed for implementation of the ND. Based on the developed scenarios, the low-cost scenario designating eight provinces as NVZs and requiring a total investment of EUR 270 millions for the period 2007–2023 has been selected by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry within the EU Integrated Environmental Approximation Strategy for Turkey.

The Challenge of Rural Developments in the EU Accession Countries : Third World Bank/FAO EU Accession Workshop, Sofia, Bulgaria, June 17-20, 2000

Csaki, Csaba; Lerman, Zvi
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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This report examines the reforms and policy changes necessary in the rural section of the ten countries that have started the accession process for eventual membership in the European Union (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia). The papers in this report are selected from the presentations at the Third World Bank/FAO EU Accession Workshop held in Sofia, Bulgaria, on June 17-20, 2000, and are organized around four topics: 1) Defining the concepts of rural development-options for EU accession candidate countries; 2) Rural development in the European Union; 3) Rural development in Central and Eastern Europe; and 4) International experiences and the role of international organizations in supporting rural development in the EU accession countries.

Open regionalism going global; APEC and the new Transatlantic Economic Partnership

Elek, Andrew
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 156438 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Since 1996, the European Union (EU) has launched several significant initiatives which seek to forge closer economic partnerships with various APEC participants. The 1996 Asia- Europe Meeting (ASEM) initiative has now been followed by the launch of a new Transatlantic Economic Partnership (TEP) to be forged between the EU and the United States. These links will influence the evolution of APEC, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as well as the potential Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). This combination of initiatives could contribute towards the gradual emergence of a global marketplace. On the other hand, since the EU and APEC have adopted very different models of cooperation, these new experiments in inter-regional economic cooperation could also lead to new tensions within existing regional groups. The TEP represents a new approach to the EU’s economic relations with the rest of the world. It does not propose yet another traditional, preferential ‘free trade area” and deals with issues other than the reduction of border barriers to trade. The proposal also indicates clear awareness of the need for the TEP to co-exist and complement other international economic institutions. This combination of features creates an opportunity to encourage the leaders of both APEC and the EU to adopt some new guiding principles for the nature of new cooperative arrangements among groups of economies. Such principles would seek to ensure that new cooperative arrangements among economies were ‘open clubs’ which took adequate account of the interests of others; these principles can build on and generalise the fundamental principles of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as well as on APEC’s principles of open regionalism...

The EU and Turkey: political machinations in a three-level game

Wood, Steve
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 366571 bytes; 359 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The possible commencement of negotiations on Turkey’s membership of the European Union has, towards the end of 2004, charged to the top of the European political agenda. This is an intensely contested issue, comprising many sub-themes and multiple tangents. I adopt the conception of a three level game1 to examine arguments, interests and influences circulating and interconnected to the core question of potential Turkish EU membership. This extends Robert Putnam’s ‘Two-Level Game’,2 represented here as activity within individual EU member-states (domestic level) and between EU and other states (international level), to include activity among EU states, institutions and other European actors (European level). The paper discusses economic, cultural, and security-strategic considerations, all of which are politicised by advocates and opponents alike.; no

The impact of EU enlargement on external relations, notably with the US and Russia

Noe, Willem
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 47616 bytes; 348 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Conclusion: In summary, enlargement will prove a positive for bilateral relations between the US and the EU but will also make them more complicated. The US supports enlargement as next big step toward European integration and securing the gains of the post Cold War. There are also considerable economic opportunities. On the other hand, the possibility of a larger, more competitive and more assertive EU may threaten US interests. Deepening EU relations with Russia will herald an opportunity for the US to secure a more prosperous, stable Russia. Russia appears to consider enlargement an opportunity to drive a wedge between the EU and the US. All the more reason, then, for collaboration between the European Union and America to avert this possibility.; no

The European Union and Global Governance

Cameron, Fraser
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 141637 bytes; 374 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The European Union (EU) faces a new geopolitical situation. The Iraq war and its aftermath plus the failure of the Cancun WTO meeting have triggered a new debate on global governance and international law. Kofi Annnan has warned of the dangers of weakening the authority of the UN and other multilateral institutions. Romano Prodi has openly questioned whether the current multilateral system is up to the challenges facing the world. At the same time, the current US administration has openly scorned the multilateral system in pursuit of its one-dimensional security policy – the war on terrorism – although there are some indications that this approach may be changing as a result of the problems it faces in Iraq. In contrast, the European security strategy paper, presented by Javier Solana to the European Council in December 2003, highlighted the importance of the EU working to strengthen the institutions of global governance. It implicitly called for a more active and effective EU role on the world stage. This paper will assess the prospects for the EU in meetings its ambitious goals in regard to global governance.; no

Political linkage in the European Union

Schmitt, Hermann
Fonte: Praeger Publicador: Praeger
Tipo: Parte de Livro Formato: 158069 bytes; 357 bytes; 357 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream
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The subject of the present paper is the state of linkage between society and politics in the European Union (EU). In this field, political science is a science of democracy: the democratization of the EU is a ubiquitous issue. We therefore begin with a clarification of the notion of a ”democratic deficit” in the European Union. In the second and third parts, we address questions of interest intermediation and opinion formation. In doing so, we try to substantiate the view that the democratic deficit of the EU is caused by a defective process of opinion formation much more than by problems of interest intermediation. We end with a proposal for EU constitutional reform that suggests itself as an appropriate means to more effectively shape the process of opinion formation.; no