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Eu te amo : a representação do amor pós-moderno no filme de Arnaldo Jabor

Argenti, Pedro Augusto Fontoura
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Este trabalho tem o objetivo de estudar a representação do amor pós-moderno proposta pelo diretor brasileiro Arnaldo Jabor em sua obra cinematográfica Eu Te Amo (1981). O amor é contemplado por essa pesquisa como uma expressão cultural cujas qualidades são atribuídas pelos valores encontrados no âmbito social e temporal em que está inserida, e será descrito através de duas bases teóricas principais: a história do amor no Brasil, conforme observada e descrita por Mary Del Priore, e a elaboração do conceito de amor líquido no espaço da pósmodernidade, preconizada por Zygmunt Bauman. O estudo da representação do amor nesta pesquisa é feito com base na percepção do cinema como uma prática social e do filme como um produto cultural de massa que condensa concepções e paradigmas vigentes em sua época e sociedade.; This assignment’s goal is to study the representation of postmodern love proposed by the Brazilian film director Arnaldo Jabor in his motion picture Eu Te Amo (1981). Love is beheld by this research as a cultural expression with qualities attributed by the values found in the social environment in which it is inserted, and will be described through two main theoretical bases: the history of love in Brazil...

An experimental analysis of grandfathering vs dynamic auctioning in the EU ETS

Botelho, Anabela; Fernandes, M. Eduarda; Pinto, Lígia
Fonte: Universidade do Minho. Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA) Publicador: Universidade do Minho. Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA)
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em /10/2010 Português
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This study constitutes a first attempt to experimentally test the performance of a 100% auction versus a 100% free allocation of CO2 permits under the rules and parameters that mimic the EU ETS (imperfect competition, uncertainty in emissions’ control, and allowing banking). It also incorporates a first attempt to include in the analysis measures of the risk preferences of subjects participating in emission permits experiments. Another distinctive feature of this study is the implementation of a theoretically appropriate auction format for the primary allocation of emission permits. Our experimental results indicate that the EU ETS has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions, achieving targets considerably more restrictive than the current ones at high efficiency levels, both with auctioned and free emission permits. Auctioning, however, reveals a clear potential to do better than grandfathering the initial allocation of permits. In addition, the results reveal that concerns about undue scarcity, and corresponding high prices, in secondary markets generated by a primary auction market are not warranted under the proposed dynamic auction format.; Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT) - POCTI/ECO/45435/02

[Recensão a ] Eu e Tu

Silva, Sara Raquel Reis da
Fonte: Porto Editora Publicador: Porto Editora
Tipo: Revisão
Publicado em /11/2011 Português
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Recensão à obra Eu e Tu de Anthony Browne, publicada pela Caminho em 2010 (ISBN 978-972-21-2090-6); Nesta breve análise de Eu e Tu, uma obra recente de um dos autores mais reconhecidos do actual panorama literário vocacionado para os leitores mais novos, Anthony Browne, deslindam-se alguns dos fios narrativos que aí se cruzam, procurando-se interpretar criticamente a essência intertextual do discurso verbo-icónico, as estratégias técnico-expressivas que o sustentam e, ainda, o tipo de representações/imaginário infantil e/ou sociais que aí se plasmam.; CIEC - Centro de Investigação em Estudos da Criança, UM (UI 317 da FCT)

Final Instance: World Trade Organization - Unilateral Trade Measures in EU Climate Change Legislation

AHNER, Nicole
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Can the European Union (EU) introduce trade restrictive border measures under the auspices of environmental protection, whose purpose is at least inter alia to ‘level the competitive playing field’ for the European carbon-intensive industries? Should the World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement bodies be the final instance for deciding the legality of European climate change legislation measures? Europe is tightening its climate change policy, which inevitably increases costs for European producers. Global deviation in greenhouse gas emission reduction efforts has raised concerns about carbon leakage and deterioration in the competitiveness of European industries. To cope with these threats, the introduction of trade measures linked to the content of other countries’ environmental policy has been suggested. The revised Directive 2009/29/EC on the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) accordingly lead the way forward with regard to implementing special provisions such as free allocation of allowances or a “carbon equalization system”. Constituting a restriction of free trade, the announced measures are bound to clash with the multilateral trading rules of the WTO. This article checks the conformity of the anticipated trade measures in EU climate change legislation with the international obligations of the Community under the WTO...

Social Security and Health Services in EU Law: Towards Convergence or Divergence in Competition State Aids and Free Movement?

GALLO, Daniele
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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With this paper I maintain that the regulation of social security and healthcare in EU law revolves around the quest for a right balance between conflicting interests, involving the issues of social rights, State and Market, distribution of competences. In particular, the analysis of the way in which the ECJ legally frames the so called public/private divide permits to underline the emergence of relevant dissonances in the jurisprudence concerning the three sectors of competition, free movement and State aids. The rationale behind some of such divergences pertain to the existence of natural asymmetries on which evolve and take shape the constitutive elements of the European economic and social constitution. In this sense, the lack of convergence is not undesirable per se. On the contrary, it depends on the different role and function exercised by the solidarity principle on one hand and on the relevance of the public financing of social services on the other hand, in their interplay with the choice between abandon or revaluation of a (more or less) idealtpic public/private dichotomy. At the centre of the analysis is the full incorporation or, alternatively, attenuation, in the field of social security and healthcare, of the functional approach adopted in relation to the notion of economic activity. Some other divergences...

Terrorist Listings and the Rule of Law: The Role of the EU Courts

ROSAS, Allan
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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Although the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, D.C., on 11 September 2001, were not the first acts of terrorism on a major scale, they triggered a host of counter-terrorism measures, without due regard for the principle of the rule of law. While rule of law concerns have subsequently received more attention, the UN is still continuing its practice of terrorist listings, without any right of judicial review. The response of national and regional courts has been varying. The European Court of Justice, through its Kadi case law, has assumed a leading role in the exercise of judicial control of terrorist listings made by the UN. In addition, the EU judicial system provides for remedies with respect to listings made unilaterally by the EU. The main thrust of the paper is on the role of the European Court of Justice in safeguarding respect for fundamental rights and the rule of law with regard to both UNbased and autonomous EU terrorist listings.

Party Competition, Corruption and Electoral Behaviour in the new EU Member States

ZAPRYANOVA, Galina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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What accounts for the electoral successes of Eurosceptic and populist political parties in Central and East Europe? Citizens in the region have expressed their support for these types of parties in recent elections while, at the same time, aggregate levels of support for EU membership and trust in EU institutions remain high. EU-centered explanations for the growing popularity of these parties have focused on the dissatisfaction of citizens with specific aspects of European integration such as economic reforms, perceived loss of sovereignty or the strict requirements regarding protection of minorities. This paper proposes an alternative causal explanation by establishing a relationship between perceptions of domestic political corruption, mainstream party convergence and citizens’ growing support for populist and Eurosceptic parties. By choosing to support these parties citizens in the region are, in fact, casting a protest vote against domestic political elites. A public opinion survey from Bulgaria and the Czech Republic is utilized to test these hypotheses. Results suggest that perceptions of political corruption and the similarity of mainstream political parties play a large role in determining vote choice.

National Equality Institutions and the Domestication of EU Non-Discrimination Law

DE WITTE, Bruno
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The recent evolution of European Union equality law, and the equality law of European countries more generally, is marked by the increased attention given to the procedural and institutional preconditions for the effective protection of equal treatment. The creation of public bodies, specifically tasked with the advancement of equality law and equality policies (equality institutions), is an important element of this evolution. Within Europe, they were first experimented with in the United Kingdom and then gradually adopted in a small number of other countries. In 2000 and subsequent years, though, the creation of equality institutions was imposed on all EU Member States by means of three anti-discrimination Directives. The concrete shape and scope of activity of those institutions is still very different from country to country, though. The development of new equality institutions in Europe was facilitated by other legal traditions and processes: the separate ombudsman tradition developed in Scandinavia but with a strong influence also in Southern Europe; the international movement towards the creation of national human rights institutions; and endogenous developments of EU law, such as its increased concern for the institutional dimension of the effective application of EU law...

The EU and India : common interests, divergent policies

KUMAR, Radha
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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2013 marks 50 years of India-EU relations. Most of this period witnessed cordial but largely unsubstantial relations. It was only a decade ago that relations took a leap forward, when the EU and India launched a Strategic Partnership. The Partnership promised a radical shift in relations that could have impacted the geopolitics of South and West Asia, but failed to take off as conceived. While India and the EU have created a web of engagement, especially in development, science and technology, cooperation on multilateral issues has been limited; moreover, their partnership has suffered a number of setbacks. Today the partnership stands at a crossroad. It can either chug along its path of growth in bilateral relations, or it can work for greater policy convergence on critical multilateral, regional and international issues. This paper examines the prospects for the latter.

EU courts, global risks, and the health and environmental safety revisited : on nuances of a less deferential standard of review

DABROWSKA-KLOSINSKA, Patrycja
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This paper examines judicial reasoning in risk regulation cases from the perspective of the standard of review. It takes a doctrinal-positivist approach and uses the decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union, where it is asked to decide on powers of national (and EU) authorities to adopt measures restricting the functioning of the internal market on the grounds of human health and the safety of the environment, as a case-study. In these cases EU Courts have to face and decide on difficult questions of risk, scientific risk assessment, and uncertainty. The paper argues that in these factually, scientifically, and politically complex cases the traditionally limited scope of judicial review has moved towards a more broader evaluation by European judges of scientific and risk issues. Thus, the formally deferential standard of review in reality appears to have become a much more restrictive one, through paradoxically, the extensive review of procedural guarantees and of the plausibility of (scientific) evidence. It has the implications of the CJEU engaging in structuring decision-making processes on risk, but at the same time possibly lacking a clear vision on how to deal with the knowledge paradoxes and scientific uncertainty. This in turn provokes a broader question what should be the place for EU courts in transnational risk regulation.

Negotiating mega-agreements : lessons from the EU

MESSERLIN, Patrick
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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One of the stated objectives of recent ‘mega’ preferential trade agreements (PTAs) being negotiated by large trading powers is to address the trade-impeding effects of differences in national regulation. Past experience demonstrates there are serious limitations in what can be achieved in PTAs even in instances where there is a high level of trust among the countries involved. The disappointing results of the European Union’s “Internal Market” illustrate the challenge of using PTAs to integrate markets. This paper argues that some systemic errors were made in the way the EU Internal Market was negotiated. The two main instruments used to build the EU Internal Market—harmonization and mutual recognition—are of limited usefulness for integrating modern economies. An alternative instrument—mutual equivalence—is a much more promising instrument not only for the EU but also for the mega-PTAs currently under negotiation.

New governance in the EU after the Euro crisis : retired or re-born?

DAWSON, Mark
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This working paper discusses the future of the EU’s ‘new governance’ paradigm, as a particular category of the EU’s legal acts in light of developments in EU economic governance following the Euro crisis. It advances both an empirical and a normative argument. While EU economic governance ‘after’ the euro crisis would seem to carry ‘hard law’ elements, the paper’s key empirical claim is that ‘post’ euro-crisis economic governance has generalized central elements of the new governance paradigm into an increasingly central domain of EU policy-making. Policy-makers have turned to an enhanced form of new governance as a way of managing complex, multi-level problems which traditional command and control regulation could not solve. Normatively, however, some of the more promising aspects of the new governance legacy – its experimental focus on policy innovation and mutual learning between states – is precisely the aspect of the new governance paradigm post-crisis economic decision-making seems to have left behind. New governance is used in the economic field not to promote learning or experimentation between states but to foster greater harmonization and convergence in fiscal performance. Learning the lessons of new governance’s past may be vital in securing a central (and positive) place for new governance instruments within the EU’s future constitutional landscape.

Benchmarking, safeguard clauses and verification mechanisms - what's in a name? Recent developments in pre- and post-accession conditionality and compliance with EU law

SPERNBAUER, Martina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This article looks upon the most recent developments in the European Union's accession strategies, as from the start of accession negotiations. It first seeks to demonstrate that the pre-accession conditionality rationale of stabilising present and protecting future integration objectives underpins the so-called 'specific safeguard clauses' of the 2003 and 2005 Acts of Accession and the latter's cooperation and verification mechanism, accordingly referred to as post-accession conditionality tools. It then argues that this rationale, emphasised also in the imperative of maintaining the momentum of European integration of the Union's 'integration capacity', above all necessitates effective compliance with EU law, and thus full administrative and judicial capacity of (prospective) Member States. Indeed, the lynchpin of these new conditionality devices evokes putting them in the wider context of compliance mechanisms in the enlarged European Union. It thereby becomes apparent how conditionality has lead to a considerable empowerment of the European Commission which, when reaching into the post-accession phase, entails a problematic differentiation between the Member States. Conditionality methodology furthermore, and this is equally shown...

Reforming the EU blue card as a labour migration policy tool?

KALANTARYAN, Sona; MARTIN, Iván
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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One of the four priorities of the European Commission in its preparation for the European Agenda on Migration was to open up 'new legal migration channels, including the revision of the 'Blue Card' Directive'. This comes after only three years of full implementation of this EU immigration policy instrument (and not even that for some Member States). Meanwhile, in its 2014 Communication on the implementation of the Blue Card Directive, the European Commission had decided not to propose any amendment. However, it should not be forgotten that the Blue Card Directive was not designed primarily for the labour market needs of the EU. Rather, it was run to enhance European competitiveness by attracting highly-qualified third-country nationals, and this under quite restrictive conditions of salary and qualifications. As a result there have been only low numbers of beneficiaries to date: 19,000 in 2012 and 2013 for the whole EU. To develop the Blue Card Directive into a true highly-skilled labour-migration management tool able to respond to current and future labour market needs in Europe, would mean changes in scope, conditions and implementation modalities by Member States.; The MPC is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union.

EU anti-trafficking policies : from migration and crime control to prevention and protection

RUBIO GRUNDELL, Lucrecia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) emerged on the EU's agenda in the mid-1990s. Since then, it has been the subject of increased media attention, intense political cooperation and much legal regulation. Despite three decades of commitment to maximizing co-operation in the fight against THB however, facts regarding prevention, prosecution and especially protection remain extremely discouraging. The upcoming adoption of the European Agenda on Migration therefore, which points to the 'fight against criminal human trafficking networks' as one of its four priorities, is promising. It may mark the stepping up the EU's efforts to implement the existing tools and cooperation in dealing with THB. Even more so, when the transitional period for the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty's provisions regarding Justice and Home Affairs expired in December 2014. This policy brief argues however, that even though the absence of internal borders renders a European approach indispensable, the management of migration flows from third countries is not an adequate framework within which to tackle THB. In fact, the incorporation of THB into the category of migration, especially irregular migration, is arguably one of the main reasons for the lack of success of EU anti-trafficking policies to date. A revision of EU anti-trafficking policies should ensure a more inclusive decision-making process...

EU emissions trading by energy firms

JONG, Thijs; ZEITLBERGER, Alexander C.M.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This paper aims to identify what determines the allowance transactions of energy firms on the European carbon market (EU ETS). We develop measures of their 'autarky' regarding the carbon market, their allowance hedging, and the allowance holdings which ensure optimal EU ETS compliance. Although under-allocated over Phase I, energy firms held more allowances than needed. By selling allowances, only the non-autarkic firms followed their optimal compliance holdings and, hence, actually behaved autarkical. Autarkic firms, conversely, purchased more allowances than they needed. Moreover, and unlike non-autarkic firms, their allowance trades were responsive to energy demand and indicative of carbon hedging. Finally, all energy firms utilized the carbon market's abatement potential, which affirms that the EU ETS leads to relative cost savings. As especially autarkic energy firms utilized this potential, and may have reaped additional savings from their active hedging, they behaved least autarkical regarding the carbon market.

Impact of EU-ASEAN trade liberalisation on food security in ASEAN

Wana, Chayoot
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
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peer-reviewed; This thesis aims at estimating empirically the impact of EU-ASEAN trade liberalisation on food security in ASEAN with a specific focus on people who live below the international poverty line. The contributions obtained from this study are that this study investigates the projected food security situation in ASEAN countries after the EU-ASEAN trade liberalisation is implemented, taking the effects of non-tariff barrier elimination into account in order to compare the effects between the elimination of TBs only and the elimination of both TBs and NTBs for each ASEAN country. In addition, the combination of the GTAP model and the Food Security Assessment model is first introduced in this study. The results from the GTAP model indicate that the EU-ASEAN trade liberalisation can create production expansion for net food exporting countries such as Thailand and Vietnam while net food importing countries such as Malaysia and the Philippines are estimated to encounter contraction in food production and to depend on more imports. In addition, the elimination of both TBs and NTBs is expected to result in more positive effects than that of TBs elimination only; however, after both TBs and NTBs are eliminated, the Philippines is projected to experience negative effects due to a large decrease in rice imports. Another important issue is the low nutritional energy level obtained from food consumption by ASEAN people who live below the poverty line. This potential threat to food security generally occurring in the lower-income countries results from income inequality. In the Philippines and the group of other ASEAN countries including Brunei...

Eu e Meu Guarda-chuva. Medo de quê? Ou quando a aventura pode estar na possibilidade de conhecer; I and My Umbrella. Fear of what!? Or when the adventure can be in the possibility to know

Magno, Maria Ignês Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/12/2012 Português
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A videografia deste número traz o filme Eu e Meu Guarda-chuva(2010), de Toni Vanzolini, baseado na obra homônima de Branco Mello, Hugo Possolo e Ciro Pessoa. As afirmações e perguntas que o filme apresenta são um excelente exercício para a sala de aula, já que o cinema é um meio que convida e favorece a imaginação e a construção de sensibilidades.; This issue’s Videograghy brings the motion picture Eu e Meu Guarda-chuva [Me and my umbrella] (2010) by Toni Vanzolini,based on the homonymous work by Branco Mello, Hugo Possolo and Ciro Pessoa. Statements and questions brought by the picture are an excellent exercise to classroom, once that cinema is a media that invites and favors imagination and the construction of sensibilities.

O ser e o conhecimento: a presença do todo no eu

Medeiros, Gracilene Felix; Possebon, Fabricio
Fonte: Universidade Federal da Paraíba Publicador: Universidade Federal da Paraíba
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2015 Português
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O questionamento é algo próprio da condição humana. Durante muitos períodos e ainda hoje o ser humano é direcionado para tudo que é externo ao eu; no entanto, a sabedoria perseguida por longos períodos está intrínseca à condição humana, fazendo-se presente no ser. Assim, alguns pesquisadores, filósofos, sábios procuraram e ainda procuram o conhecimento no próprio ser, esperando dessa forma atingir ao conhecimento acerca do todo por meio do conhecimento do eu. Buscamos identificar no poema de Parmênides e na Muṇḍaka-Upaniṣad elementos que nos permitam reconhecer questionamentos sobre o ser com o intuito de conhecer o todo através do eu.

Comparative analysis of access to patented HIV/AIDS pharmaceutical medicines through the Canadian and EU trips flexibilities measures: are they efficacious or overly burdensome and ineffective measures?

Sibanda,OS
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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This paper evaluates the Canadian and the European Union's (EU) implementation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) General Council Decision of 2003, which resolved that developed nations could export patented pharmaceutical drugs to member states in order to address public health challenges such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), tuberculosis, malaria and other epidemics, such states including Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The author makes a primarily textual appraisal of how and to what extent the Canada Access to Medicine Regime (CAMR) and European Union (EU) Regulations benefit, for instance, SSA countries in the WTO in their quest to make essential medicine more accessible. The author argues that although there are identifiable complexities inherent in the Canadian and the EU's access to pharmaceutical product regimes, there are far more important incentives and benefits that can be reaped in taking advantage of the respective systems. The author recommends that countries facing public health crises/emergencies, such as SSA countries, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) take advantage of the regulatory flexibilities of Canada and the EU in their efforts to provide their communities with essential HIV/AIDS treatment...