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Pulmonary tuberculosis: evaluation of interferon-gamma levels as an immunological healing marker based on the response to the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin

Moura,EP; Toledo,VPCP; Oliveira,MHP; Spíndola-de-Miranda,S; Andrade,HM; Guimarães,TMPD
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2004 Português
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis whose interaction with the host may lead to a cell-mediated protective immune response. The presence of interferon-g (IFN-gamma) is related to this response. With the purpose of understanding the immunological mechanisms involved in this protection, the lymphoproliferative response, IFN-g and other cytokines like interleukin (IL-5, IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) were evaluated before and after the use of anti-TB drugs on 30 patients with active TB disease, 24 healthy household contacts of active TB patients, with positive purified protein derivative (PPD) skin tests (induration > 10 mm), and 34 asymptomatic individuals with negative PPD skin test results (induration < 5 mm). The positive lymphoproliferative response among peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients showed high levels of IFN-g, TNF-a, and IL-10. No significant levels of IL-5 were detected. After treatment with rifampicina, isoniazida, and pirazinamida, only the levels of IFN-g increased significantly (p < 0.01). These results highlight the need for further evaluation of IFN-g production as a healing prognostic of patients treated.

The role of interferon-gamma on immune and allergic responses

Teixeira,Leonardo K; Fonseca,Bruna PF; Barboza,Bianca A; Viola,João PB
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2005 Português
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Allergic diseases have been closely related to Th2 immune responses, which are characterized by high levels of interleukin (IL) IL-4, IL-5, IL-9 and IL-13. These cytokines orchestrate the recruitment and activation of different effector cells, such as eosinophils and mast cells. These cells along with Th2 cytokines are key players on the development of chronic allergic inflammatory disorders, usually characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, reversible airway obstruction, and airway inflammation. Accumulating evidences have shown that altering cytokine-producing profile of Th2 cells by inducing Th1 responses may be protective against Th2-related diseases such as asthma and allergy. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), the principal Th1 effector cytokine, has shown to be crucial for the resolution of allergic-related immunopathologies. In fact, reduced production of this cytokine has been correlated with severe asthma. In this review, we will discuss the role of IFN-gamma during the generation of immune responses and its influence on allergic inflammation models, emphasizing its biologic properties during the different aspects of allergic responses.

Cell proliferation and interferon-gamma response to recombinant MBP-3, NarL, MT-10.3, and 16kDa Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens in Brazilian tuberculosis patients

Tavares,Ricardo Candido Oliveira; Salgado,Jorge; Moreira,Valéria Barbosa; Ferreira,Mônica Antonia S; Mello,Fernanda Carvalho Queoz; Leung,Janaína AW; Singh,Mahavir; Fonseca,Leila de Souza; Saad,Maria Helena Feres
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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Human pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a worldwide public health problem. In resistant individuals, control of the infection mainly requires development of a Th1 cell immune response with production of cytokines, of which interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)plays an important role. Several antigens from Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex has been described for use in vaccine development or for diagnostic purposes, however little evaluation has been done in endemic area for TB. The proliferative and IFN-gamma human T cell immune responses, to four recombinant proteins (MBP-3, NarL, MT-10.3, 16 kDa) and PPD, of 38 Brazilian TB patients (6 untreated and 32 treated) and 67 controls (38 positive and 29 negative tuberculin skin test - TST) were compared. The highest reactivity mean rate was obtained with PPD followed by 16 kDa in TB patients. While most of the patients (87%) and controls (> 64%) respond to the PPD, 16kDa was more specifically recognized (> 21%) although less sensitive (54%). When TB patients were divided according to treatment status, opposite to PPD, higher average level of IFN-gamma was induced by 16kDa in untreated (505 pg/ml) compared to treated TB patients and TST+ (269.8 pg/ml x 221.6pg/ml, respectively), although the difference was not significant. These data show that in contrast with the other recombinant proteins...

Interferon-gamma is required for the late but not early control of Leishmania amazonensis infection in C57Bl/6 mice

Pinheiro,Roberta Olmo; Rossi-Bergmann,Bartira
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2007 Português
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The critical role of interferon-gamma (IFN-g) in the resistance of C57Bl/6 mice to Leishmania major is widely established but its role in the relative resistance of these animals to L. amazonensis infection is still not clear. In this work we use C57Bl/6 mice congenitally deficient in the IFN-g gene (IFN-g KO) to address this issue. We found that IFN-g KO mice were as resistant as their wild-type (WT) counterparts at least during the first two months of infection. Afterwards, whereas WT mice maintained lesion growth under control, IFN-g KO mice developed devastating lesions. At day 97 of infection, their lesions were 9-fold larger than WT controls, concomitant with an increased parasite burden. At this stage, lesion-draining cells from IFN-g KO mice had impaired capacity to produce interleukin-12 (IL-12) and tumour necrosis factor-a in response to parasite antigens whereas IL-4 was slightly increased in comparison to infected WT mice. Together, these results show that IFN-g is not critical for the initial control of L. amazonensis infection in C57Bl/6 mice, but is essencial for the developmente of a protective Th1 type immune response in the later stages.

Interferon gamma is a key cytokine in lung phase immunity to schistosomes but what is its precise role?

Wilson,R.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1998 Português
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Vaccination of mice with radiation-attenuated cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni induces a high level of protection against challenge with normal larvae. The immune effector mechanism, which operates in the lungs, is a cell-mediated delayed-type hypersensitivity response and involves the formation of a tight focus of mononuclear cells around embolised larvae. CD4+ T cells with Th1 characteristics are a major component of the infiltrate. They secrete abundant interferon gamma (IFNg) upon antigen stimulation in vitro, whilst in vivo neutralisation of the cytokine results in 90% abrogation of immunity. IFNg can induce a large number of genes and an attempt has been made to identify the ones which are essential components of the effector mechanism. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is such a candidate and nitric oxide (NO) is produced by cultures of airway leucocytes from the lungs of vaccinated mice post-challenge. However, the continued resistance of mice with a disrupted iNOS gene indicates that NO has only a minor role in the protective response. Mice with a disrupted IFNg receptor gene have been used to dissect the role of the cytokine. After vaccination and challenge...

Administration of interferon-g to pregnant rats reverses the depressed adjuvant-induced arthritis of their chronically Trypanosoma cruzi-infected offspring

Didoli,G.; Revelli,S.; Davila,H.; Ferro,M.E.; Romero-Piffiguer,M.; Bottasso,O.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/1999 Português
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36.29%
We demonstrated that administration of interferon gamma (IFN-g) to the inbred "l" strain of pregnant rats conferred partial resistance on their offspring to challenge with Trypanosoma cruzi. We now examine if this intervention also modifies the reportedly immunodepressed cellular responses which occur during chronic infection. Offspring were born to mothers undergoing one of the following procedures during gestation: subcutaneous injections of recombinant rat IFN-g, 50,000 IU/rat, five times/week for 3 weeks, which was started on the day of mating (IFN-Mo); infection with 106 trypomastigotes of T. cruzi at 7, 14, and 21 days after mating plus IFN-g treatment as given to the former group (TcIFN-Mo); the same protocol except that physiological saline was injected instead of IFN-g (Tc-Mo); injection of physiological saline only (control-Mo). All offspring groups (N = 8-10/group) were infected at weaning and were assessed 90 days later for their adjuvant-induced arthritic response or levels of major T cell subsets in spleen and lymph nodes. TcIFN-Mo and IFN-Mo offspring showed a reestablished arthritic response, which remained within the range seen in controls. Immunolabeling studies on parallel groups of 90-day-infected offspring showed that the inverse CD4/CD8 cell ratio that is usually seen in lymphoid organs from these chronically infected rats (median 0.61) appeared to have recovered in the TcIFN-Mo and IFN-Mo groups (median 1.66 and 1.78...

Expression of CD40 ligand, interferon-gamma and Fas ligand genes in endomyocardial biopsies of human cardiac allografts: correlation with acute rejection

Shulzhenko,N.; Morgun,A.; Franco,M.; Souza,M.M.; Almeida,D.R.; Diniz,R.V.Z.; Carvalho,A.C.C.; Pacheco-Silva,A.; Gerbase-DeLima,M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2001 Português
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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the expression (mRNA) of CD40 ligand (CD40L), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and Fas ligand (FasL) genes in human cardiac allografts in relation to the occurrence of acute cardiac allograft rejection as well as its possible value in predicting acute rejection. The mRNA levels were determined by a semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction method in 39 samples of endomyocardial biopsies obtained from 10 adult cardiac transplant recipients within the first six months after transplantation. Biopsies with ongoing acute rejection showed significantly higher CD40L, IFN-gamma and FasL mRNA expression than biopsies without rejection. The median values of mRNA expression in biopsies with and without rejection were 0.116 and zero for CD40L (P<0.003), 0.080 and zero for IFN-gamma (P<0.0009), and 0.156 and zero for FasL (P<0.002), respectively. In addition, the levels of IFN-gamma mRNA were significantly increased 7 to 15 days before the appearance of histological evidence of rejection (median of 0.086 in pre-rejection biopsies), i.e., they presented a predictive value. This study provides further evidence of heightened expression of immune activation genes during rejection and shows that some of these markers may present predictive value for the occurrence of acute rejection.

Effect of metabolic control on interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients

Foss-Freitas,M.C.; Foss,N.T.; Donadi,E.A.; Foss,M.C.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 Português
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The objective of the present study was to evaluate the production of cytokines, interferon-g (INF-g) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and to correlate it with inadequate and adequate metabolic control. We studied 11 type 1 and 13 type 2 diabetic patients and 21 healthy individuals divided into two groups (N = 11 and 10) paired by sex and age with type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. The PBMC cultures were stimulated with concanavalin-A to measure INF-g and IL-10 supernatant concentration by ELISA. For patients with inadequate metabolic control, the cultures were performed on the first day of hospitalization and again after intensive treatment to achieve adequate control. INF-g levels in the supernatants of type 1 diabetic patient cultures were higher compared to type 2 diabetic patients with adequate metabolic control (P < 0.001). Additionally, INF-g and IL-10 tended to increase the liberation of PBMC from type 1 and 2 diabetic patients with adequate metabolic control (P = 0.009 and 0.09, respectively). The increased levels of INF-g and IL-10 released from PBMC of type 1 and 2 diabetic patients with adequate metabolic control suggest that diabetic control improves the capacity of activation and maintenance of the immune response...

Interleukin-10-dependent down-regulation of interferon-gamma response to Leishmania by Mycobacterium leprae antigens during the clinical course of a coinfection

Azeredo-Coutinho,R.B.G.; Matos,D.C.S.; Nery,J.A.C.; Valete-Rosalino,C.M.; Mendonça,S.C.F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2012 Português
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We have described a case of a patient with an intriguing association of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis with lepromatous leprosy, two opposite polar forms of these spectral diseases. In the present follow-up study, we investigated the effect of the addition of Mycobacterium leprae antigens on interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) production in Leishmania antigen-stimulated cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from this patient. For this purpose, PBMC cultures were stimulated with crude L. braziliensis and/or M. leprae whole-cell antigen extracts or with concanavalin A. In some experiments, neutralizing anti-human interleukin (IL)-10 antibodies were added to the cultures. IFN-γ and IL-10 levels in culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. During active leprosy, M. leprae antigens induced 72.3% suppression of the IFN-γ response to L. braziliensis antigen, and this suppression was abolished by IL-10 neutralization. Interestingly, the suppressive effect of M. leprae antigen was lost after the cure of leprosy and the disappearance of this effect was accompanied by exacerbation of mucosal leishmaniasis. Considered together, these results provide evidence that the concomitant lepromatous leprosy induced an IL-10-mediated regulatory response that controlled the immunopathology of mucosal leishmaniasis...

Função do interferon-tau durante o reconhecimento materno da gestação em ruminantes

Antoniazzi,Alfredo Quites; Henkes,Luiz Ernani; Oliveira,João Francisco Coelho; Hansen,Thomas Ross
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
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O reconhecimento materno da gestação é o período em que o concepto sinaliza sua presença para a mãe. Em ruminantes, este período coincide com o alongamento do embrião e a máxima produção de interferon-tau (IFNT). O IFNT produzido pelo concepto age via parácrina no útero inibindo a expressão dos receptores de estrógenos (ESR1) e de ocitocina (OXTR) no epitélio luminal do endométrio, evitando, assim, a liberação de pulsos luteolíticos de prostaglandina F2 alfa (PGF2 ), hormonio responsável pelo início da luteólise. Além da sua ação durante o reconhecimento materno da gestação em ruminantes, o IFNT aumenta a expressão de vários genes estimulados por interferons (ISGs) no útero, no corpo lúteo (CL) e em células sanguíneas. Estudos recentes demonstraram que o IFNT possui ação endócrina no CL ovino e também estende o ciclo estral (pseudo gestação) além do dia 32 após a infusão de IFNT recombinante ovino (roIFNT) na veia uterina. A comprovação da saída de IFNT do útero pela veia uterina sugere que a ação endócrina do IFNT possa ser um mecanismo complementar ao mecanismo intrauterino de reconhecimento materno da gestação. A ação direta do IFNT em tecidos extrauterinos estimula a expressão de ISGs que...

Epidermodisplasia verruciforme: tratamento combinado com acitretina e interferon alfa-2a

Silva,Cristiana Silveira; Ramos,Rodrigo de Oliveira; Pires,Mario Cezar; Sittart,José Alexandre S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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Comunica-se o resultado do tratamento com acitretina e interferon alfa-2a em doente de 16 anos de idade com epidermodisplasia verruciforme. O diagnóstico foi realizado mediante os achados clínico-histopatológicos e pesquisa in situ positiva para papiloma vírus humano. O quadro clínico era extenso e resistente a outros tratamentos, com risco de desenvolvimento de neoplasias. Houve melhora clínica 30 dias após o início do tratamento, mantida durante os 16 meses de seguimento.

Therapy with interferon-alpha plus ribavirin for membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis induced by hepatitis C virus

Lopes,Edmundo P.A.; Valente,Lucila M.; Silva,A. Eduardo B.; Kirsztajn,Gianna Mastroianni; Cruz,Cibele N.; Ferraz,Maria Lucia G
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2003 Português
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We describe a treatment made with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) plus ribavirin of two patients with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) induced by hepatitis C virus (HCV): Case 1 was a 22-year-old woman with leg and facial edema, hypertension and proteinuria, whose liver biopsy revealed chronic active hepatitis; and Case 2 was a 42-year-old man with anasarca, hypertension and proteinuria, whose liver biopsy indicated cirrhosis. Both had anti-HCV, HCV-RNA and cryoglobulins. IFN-alpha (3 million units (MU), 3 times/week) and ribavirin (1 g/day) were administered for 12 months. The drugs were well tolerated by both patients. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels normalized and HCV-RNA became negative. Cryoglobulins disappeared and an improvement in renal disease was seen after 6 months of therapy. However, after 9 months, Case 2 presented ALT elevation, and proteinuria was detected. Two years after the end of therapy, both patients were negative in repeated HCV-RNA and cryoglobulin tests. Case 1 was asymptomatic, with normal liver and renal tests, and Case 2 had normal blood pressure, with mild edema of the ankles. Based on the evolution of these two cases, the association of IFN-alpha and ribavirin may be a therapeutic option for patients with MPGN related to HCV.

Response to treatment with interferon-alpha and ribavirin in patients with chronic Hepatitis C virus genotypes 2 and 3 depends on the degree of hepatic fibrosis

Parise,Edison Roberto; Oliveira,Ana Cláudia de; Conceição,Raquel D. O.; Amaral,Ana Cristina; Leite,Katia
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 Português
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The combined therapy with interferon alfa plus ribavirin (INF+RBV) is considered the most appropriate treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 2 and 3 in Brazil. However, wide variations in the rates of sustained viral response (SVR) have been reported among such patients. We evaluated, retrospectively, factors associated with SVR in subjects with chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 2 and 3 and that received medication from the Health Secretariat of the state of São Paulo. One-hundred-seventy-seven consecutive patients with chronic hepatitis C were treated for 24 or 48 weeks according to the viral genotype. Patients co-infected with associated hepatic diseases or who had problems with alcohol abuse were excluded. The genotype of the HCV-RNA was identified through restriction analysis, the viral load through quantitative PCR (Amplicor, Roche) and the degree of hepatic fibrosis according to the Metavir score. Demographic, virological and histological parameters were submitted to binary logistic regression analysis to identify the variables associated with SVR. The overall rate of SVR was 36.4% for the 177 patients, and genotype 2 or 3 was the main parameter independently associated with SVR. Among the 77 patients with these viral genotypes...

Treatment of human papillomavirus with peg-interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin

Pavan,M.H.P.; Velho,P.E.N.F.; Vigani,A.G.; Gonçalves Jr.,F.L.; Aoki,F.H.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2007 Português
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We reported one case of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus co-infected patient who presented a significant improvement of human papillomavirus (HPV) lesions during the treatment of chronic hepatitis using peg-interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin.

Using pegylated interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin to treat chronic hepatitis patients infected with hepatitis c virus genotype 1: are nonresponders and relapsers different populations?

Silva,Giovanni Faria; Polônio,Rodrigo José; Pardini,Maria Inês Moura Campos; Corvino,Silvia Maria; Henriques,Rita Maria Saccomano; Peres,Mari Nilce; Coelho,Kunie Iabuki Rabello
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 Português
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The combination of pegylated interferon (PEG-INF) and ribavirin is currently the best treatment for chronic hepatitis C, providing a sustained virological response (SVR) in 54%-63% of patients. In patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1, the SVR rate is 42%-52%. To evaluate the treatment efficacy of this drug combination, we conducted an open, prospective study of 58 consecutive treatment-naïve patients infected with HCV genotype 1 and treated at a university hospital, comparing those presenting an SVR (SVRs), nonresponders (NRs), and relapsers (RELs). Among the intent-to-treat patients, an end-of-treatment virological response was achieved in 69% of the sample as a whole and in 52% of the SVRs. We found that being an SVR was significantly associated with mild fibrosis (p = 0.04) and with undetectable HCV RNA at weeks 12 and 24 of treatment (p < 0.0001). Comparing the SVR and REL groups, we observed that being older than 40 was significantly associated with being a REL (p = 0.04). Being an NR was found to be associated with severe fibrosis and moderate inflammatory infiltrates (portal or periportal). In the polytomous logistic regression, no independent factors were associated with the REL group when compared with the SVR group. We conclude that RELs and NRs differ in comparison with SVRs. The RELs accounted for 17% of the sample. The HCV RNA test results at weeks 12 and 24 of treatment...

Extended treatment with interferon and ribavirin in a hemodialysis patient with chronic hepatitis C

Vigani,Aline Gonzalez; Pavan,Maria HP; Tozzo,Raquel; Gonçales,Eduardo SL; Lazarini,Maria SK; Oliveira,Alexandre Macedo de; Gonçales Jr,Fernando L
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
Hemodialysis patient with chronic HCV infection,who was started on monotherapy with interferon.Qualitative HCV RNA remained positive at 12 weeks of treatment; ribavirin was associated. HCV RNA was negative at week 24 and treatment was extended to 72 weeks. HCV RNA negative six months after treatment.

Pegylated interferon/ribavirin-associated sudden hearing loss in a patient with chronic hepatitis C in Brazil

Mendes-Corrêa,Maria Cassia Jacintho; Bittar,Roseli Saraiva Moreira; Salmito,Norma; Oiticica,Jeanne
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Sudden hearing loss is defined as a sensorineural hearing loss, equal to or greater than 30 dB, at three or more consecutive frequencies, which takes place within 72 hours. Both peginterferon and ribavirin are well-known to be associated with significant adverse effects, but sudden hearing loss is uncommon. We report a 65-year-old male patient who developed sudden-onset hearing loss during combination therapy with pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C. Peginterferon and ribavirin may cause sudden hearing loss that may not recover after discontinuation of therapy. Immediate treatment for all possible etiologies is essential, along with targeted investigations and early referral for an Ear, Nose and Throat specialist. Physicians should be aware of the possible ototoxic effects of peginterferon and ribavirin combination therapy requiring appropriate surveillance.

Thyroid disorders in patients with chronic hepatitis C using interferon-alpha and ribavirin therapy

Andrade,Luis Jesuino de Oliveira; Atta,Ajax Mercês; Atta,Maria Luiza Brito de Sousa; Mangabeira,Célia Neder Kalil; Paraná,Raymundo
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
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36.29%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of thyroid disorders (TD) in patients with chronic hepatitis C before and during interferon-alpha (IFN-α) and ribavirin (RIB) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 65 anti-HCV and viral RNA positive patients. Free thyroxine, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) were systematically tested at entry (m0), week 12 (m3) and week 24 (m6) of treatment. RESULTS: Mean age of the 65 patients (38 females and 27 males) was 49.61 ± 11.83 years. Seven (10.76%) patients presented baseline thyroid disorders (m0), three had thyroid dysfunction, and four were TPO-Ab positive. Thyroid disorders occurred in the first 12 weeks of treatment in 11 (16.92%) patients, four with thyroid dysfunction, and seven with TPO-Ab positive (m3). A total of 18 patients (27.69%) developed TD after 24 weeks of treatment, 7 with thyroid dysfunction, and 11 with TPO-Ab positive (m6). The relative risk of developing hypothyroidism found in this study was 1.3 (95% CI: 1.1 to 1.6), hyperthyroidism 1.2 (95% CI: 1.1 to 1.4), and TPO-Ab positivity 7.6 (95% CI: 3.9 to 14.5). The study showed a significant association between female sex and thyroid disease (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: Thyroid dysfunction and autoimmune TD were observed during IFN-α and RIB therapy.

The clinical effectiveness of pegylated interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in HIV-infected patients in Brazil: a multicentric study

Ferreira,Paulo Roberto Abrão; Silva,Mariliza Henrique da; Brandão-Melo,Carlos Eduardo; Rezende,Rosamar Eulira; Gonzalez,Mário; Reuter,Tânia; Urbaez,Jose David; Gianini,Reinaldo Jose; Martinelli,Ana; Mendes-Correa,Maria Cássia
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introduction: in Brazil, chronic hepatitis C in patients coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is treated with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV). However, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of this treatment in this particular population. The identification of the factors that predict sustained virological response (SVR) under current clinical practice would enable clinicians to more accurately estimate the probability of achieving an SVR and therefore utilize the appropriate therapeutics, especially in the era of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents. Aims: the primary aim of our study was to determine the SVR rate under current clinical practice. The secondary aims were as follows: (1) to determine the factors before and during treatment that predict SVR; and (2) to identify the causes of treatment interruption. Methods: within a cohort of HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients in Brazil, we performed a retrospective analysis of those individuals treated with Peg-IFN and RBV. Results: among the 382 analyzed patients, SVR was observed in 118 [30.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): 26.3-35.8)], which included 25.9% (75/289) of the patients with genotypes 1 and 4 and 48.2% (41/85) of those with genotypes 2 and 3. After multivariate analyses the independent positive predictors for SVR after treatment for chronic hepatitis C with PegIFN and RBV were: absence of an AIDS-defining illness (p = 0.001)...

Pesquisa de interferon gama em tecido periodontal de ratos submetidos à movimentação dentária induzida

Silveira,Daniel Mascarenhas da; Franco,Fernanda Catharino Menezes; Nascimento,Ivana Lúcia de Oliveira; Salomão,Milene de Freitas Lima; Araujo,Telma Martins de
Fonte: Dental Press Editora Publicador: Dental Press Editora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2009 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: durante o tratamento ortodôntico, um processo inflamatório é induzido, desencadeando uma série de eventos bioquímicos que resultam na movimentação dentária. Estímulos como a hipóxia e a deformação mecânica são os principais fatores responsáveis pela quebra da homeostasia celular, resultando em estresse e liberação de diversos mediadores importantes para o movimento do dente. Para que a remodelação óssea ocorra durante o tratamento ortodôntico, fatores reguladores,como subprodutos do ácido araquidônico e citocinas,são liberados.Ao interferon gama (INF-γ , uma citocina principal liberada após a indução da resposta imune adaptativa, é atribuída a função de atrair os macrófagos, que auxiliam na remoção de restos celulares e promovem a cicatrização e reorganização das áreas com inflamação. OBJETIVO: visto que alguns aspectos biológicos que permeiam a movimentação dentária ainda não estão totalmente esclarecidos, procurou-se, neste trabalho, verificar a expressão do INF-γ por células do periodonto de ratos submetidos à movimentação ortodôntica. MÉTODOS: a amostra foi constituída por nove ratos, cujos primeiros molares superiores direitos foram movimentados com uma força de 0...