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Desenvolvimento da capacidade de absorção em redes brasileiras e estrangeiras de franchising.; Development of absorptive capacity in Brazilian and foreign franchise networks.

Morgado, Rogério Stival
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
A capacidade de absorção está relacionada com a maneira pela qual uma organização desenvolve processos estratégicos e rotinas de internalizar e aplicar o conhecimento externo. Esse processo organizacional é descrito por quatro dimensões: aquisição, assimilação, transformação e aplicação. Estudos recentes colocam que o ambiente influencia o modo como às empresas se organizam, expandem e transferem conhecimento. Este estudo pretende avançar nessa linha de pesquisa; em específico desenvolve uma análise comparativa sobre a capacidade de absorção em redes de franquias brasileiras e estrangeiras que operam no Brasil. A pergunta principal da pesquisa busca compreender se as redes de franquias brasileiras e estrangeiras desenvolvem a capacidade de absorção de maneira diferente. Para resolver essa questão foi desenvolvida uma metodologia com abordagens qualitativas e quantitativas, tendo uma amostra de 103 empresas. Os resultados mostram aspectos importantes do processo de transferência de conhecimento e do desenvolvimento da capacidade de absorção das empresas analisadas. De forma geral, as unidades franqueadas em redes brasileiras apresentaram níveis menores nas variáveis relativas à aquisição e aplicação do conhecimento. Assim...

Alianças e a sua contribuição no desenvolvimento da capacidade de absorção e no desempenho inovador das empresas dedicadas à biotecnologia; Alliances and its contribution to the development of absorptive capacity and innovation performance of dedicated biotechnology firms

Vicentin, Flavia Oliveira do Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
Os mercados cada vez mais competitivos fazem com que as empresas busquem novas formas organizacionais e desenvolvam "capacidades dinâmicas" a fim de sobreviver no mundo globalizado. Nesse contexto, a inovação se tornou tema central para a competitividade. As fontes de inovação estão cada vez mais diversificadas e dispersas geograficamente, as empresas utilizam fontes internas e externas para o desenvolvimento de soluções inovadoras e modelos de negócios diferenciados. Estudos afirmam, que durante todos os anos, são produzidos milhares de artigos científicos que envolvem a biotecnologia, mostrando que é um dos campos mais promissores do mundo, com implicações importantes para economia global. A biotecnologia é caracterizada por ser baseada na ciência, ser multidisciplinar e o seu desenvolvimento é realizado por meio da interface com diversos atores, sendo altamente dependente do seu ambiente institucional. Assim, dado o contexto da biotecnologia, as lentes da teoria das capacidades dinâmicas são úteis para verificar a construção do conhecimento que conduz ao desenvolvimento de novos produtos, já que as empresas não podem depender somente do desenvolvimento do conhecimento interno, elas devem absorver conhecimentos relevantes de fontes externas. No setor de biotecnologia...

Does absorptive capacity affect project performance? A study based on project management practices, organization learning, and knowledge

Dultra-de-Lima, Ronaldo Gomes
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.81%
The literature has emphasized that absorptive capacity (AC) leads to performance, but in projects its influences still unclear. Additionally, the project success is not well understood by the literature, and AC can be an important mechanism to explain it. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of absorptive capacity on project performance in the construction industry of São Paulo State. We study this influence through potential and realized absorptive capacity proposed by Zahra and George (2002). For achieving this goal, we use a combination of qualitative and quantitative research. The qualitative research is based on 15 interviews with project managers in different sectors to understand the main constructs and support the next quantitative phase. The content analysis was the technique used to analyze those interviews. In quantitative phase through a survey questionnaire, we collected 157 responses in the construction sector with project managers. The confirmatory factor analysis and hierarchical linear regression were the techniques used to assess the data. Our findings suggest that the realized absorptive capacity has a positive influence on performance, but potential absorptive capacity and the interactions effect have no influence on performance. Moreover...

The Relationship between Quality Management Practices, Absorptive Capacity and Innovation Performance

Pérez-Arostegui, María N.; Sousa, Rui; Benitez-Amado, José
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
This paper analyzes the link between Quality Management Practices (QMP), a firm‟s absorptive capacity and innovation performance. A proposed research model and hypotheses are tested using cross-sectional survey data from a sample of 230 leading Spanish firms. The results indicate that five QMP, leadership, information and analysis, human resource management, process management and supplier management, are directly related to a firm‟s absorptive capacity. Likewise, absorptive capacity is positively related to product and process innovation performance.

Quality Management practices, absorptive capacity and innovation performance

Perez-Arostegui, María N.; Sousa, Rui; Montes, F. Javier Llorens
Fonte: Universidade Católica Portuguesa Publicador: Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Quality Management practices (QMP) are a potentially useful tool for increasing a company’s innovation performance. However, the empirical evidence regarding the impact of QMP on innovation performance has been mixed. The purpose of this study is to extend understanding of the impact of QMP on innovation performance by investigating the mediating effect of absorptive capacity on this relationship. A proposed research model and hypotheses are tested using cross-sectional survey data from a sample of 230 leading Spanish firms. The results indicate that QMP enable the development of absorptive capacity, contributing to innovation performance.

An approach to absorptive capacity based on the Portuguese textile industry

Franganito, Rui Manuel Fialho
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 17/05/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
The main purpose of this research is to identify the hidden knowledge and learning mechanisms in the organization in order to disclosure the tacit knowledge and transform it into explicit knowledge. Most firms usually tend to duplicate their efforts acquiring extra knowledge and new learning skills while forgetting to exploit the existing ones thus wasting one life time resources that could be applied to increase added value within the firm overall competitive advantage. This unique value in the shape of creation, acquisition, transformation and application of learning and knowledge is not disseminated throughout the individual, group and, ultimately, the company itself. This work is based on three variables that explain the behaviour of learning as the process of construction and acquisition of knowledge, namely internal social capital, technology and external social capital, which include the main attributes of learning and knowledge that help us to capture the essence of this symbiosis. Absorptive Capacity provides the right tool to explore this uncertainty within the firm it is possible to achieve the perfect match between learning skills and knowledge needed to support the overall strategy of the firm. This study has taken in to account a sample of the Portuguese textile industry and it is based on a multisectorial analysis that makes it possible a crossfunctional analysis to check on the validity of results in order to better understand and capture the dynamics of organizational behavior.

An approach to absorptive capacity based on the Portuguese textile industry(Final version)

Franganito, Rui Manuel Fialho
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/09/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
The main purpose of this research is to identify the hidden knowledge and learning mechanisms in the organization in order to disclosure the tacit knowledge and transform it into explicit knowledge. Most firms usually tend to duplicate their efforts acquiring extra knowledge and new learning skills while forgetting to exploit the existing ones thus wasting one life time resources that could be applied to increase added value within the firm overall competitive advantage. This unique value in the shape of creation, acquisition, transformation and application of learning and knowledge is not disseminated throughout the individual, group and, ultimately, the company itself. This work is based on three variables that explain the behaviour of learning as the process of construction and acquisition of knowledge, namely internal social capital, technology and external social capital, which include the main attributes of learning and knowledge that help us to capture the essence of this symbiosis. Absorptive Capacity provides the right tool to explore this uncertainty within the firm it is possible to achieve the perfect match between learning skills and knowledge needed to support the overall strategy of the firm. This study has taken in to account a sample of the Portuguese textile industry and it is based on a multisectorial analysis that makes it possible a crossfunctional analysis to check on the validity of results in order to better understand and capture the dynamics of organizational behavior.

Learning and Knowledge in the Context of Absorptive Capacity

Franganito, Rui Manuel Fialho
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Develop a new model of Absorptive Capacity taking into account two variables namely Learning and knowledge to explain how companies transform information into knowledge

The role of absorptive capacity in facilitating "Open innovation" outcomes: A study of Australian SMEs in the manufacturing sector

Huang, F.; Rice, J.
Fonte: Imperial College Press Publicador: Imperial College Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
The open innovation approach emphasizes porous knowledge boundaries between firms and upstream suppliers, but tends to ignore questions of transformative efficiency and effectiveness once the knowledge reaches the focal organization. In this paper, we test for the significance of interaction effects between open innovation strategies and absorptive capacity, finding support for the idea that effective knowledge absorption capabilities are of vital importance in the facilitation of innovation effectiveness.; Fang Huang and John Rice; © Imperial College Press

Innovating not-for-profit social ventures: exploring the microfoundations of internal and external absorptive capacity routines

Chalmers, D.; Balan-Vnuk, E.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Research into the phenomena of social innovation has long focused on what it is and why people become engaged in this form of behaviour. Another piece of the theoretical jigsaw however, requires understanding how this type of innovation is enacted by organizations. This article therefore looks at the means in which Not-for-Profit (NFP) social ventures pursuing socially innovative activities develop the necessary capabilities to innovate. We use the multidimensional theoretical construct of absorptive capacity (ACAP) and the evolutionary economics concept of organizational routines to analyse 16 case studies of innovative NFP ventures in the UK and Australia. Our results show that these organizations have a unique mediating function in the social innovation process by configuring internal and external ACAP routines to combine user and technological knowledge flows. Other key findings highlight the emergence of internal tensions as established routines are supplanted in order to ‘professionalize’ the socially innovative NFP venture, and between routines underpinning knowledge sharing and resource allocation. We conclude by proposing some research directions for those taking forward the study of social innovation.; Dominic M. Chalmers...

Six sigma, absorptive capacity and organisational learning orientation

Guti??rrez-Guti??rrez, Leopoldo; Bustinza S??nchez, ??scar Fernando; Barrales-Molina, Vanesa
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.69%
"This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Production Research, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00207543.2010.543175."; The importance of the Six Sigma methodology in industry is growing constantly. However, there are few empirical studies that analyze the advantages of this methodology and its positive effects on organizational performance. The purpose of this paper is to extend understanding of the success of Six Sigma quality management initiatives by investigating the effects of Six Sigma teamwork and process management on absorptive capacity. It also seeks to understand the relation between absorptive capacity and organizational learning as two sources of sustainable competitive advantage. The information used comes from a larger study, the data for which were collected from a random sample of 237 European firms. Of these 237 organizations, 58 are Six Sigma organizations. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to test the hypotheses. The main findings show that Six Sigma teamwork and process management positively affect the development of absorptive capacity. A positive and significant relationship is also observed between absorptive capacity and organizational learning orientation. The findings of this study justify Six Sigma implementation in firms. This study provides us with an in-depth understanding of some structural elements that characterize the Six Sigma methodology...

Managing external knowledge flows: The moderating role of absorptive capacity

Escribano, Álvaro; Fosfuri, Andrea; Tribó, Josep A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /02/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
In this paper, we argue that those firms with higher levels of absorptive capacity can manage external knowledge flows more efficiently, and stimulate innovative outcomes. We test this contention with a sample of 2265 Spanish firms, drawn from the Community Innovation Surveys (CIS) for 2000 and 2002, produced by the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE). We find that absorptive capacity is indeed an important source of competitive advantage, especially in sectors characterized by turbulent knowledge and strong intellectual property rights protection. The implications for management practice and policy are also discussed.

Exploring the Antecedents of Potential Absorptive Capacity and its Impact on Innovation Performance

Fosfuri, Andrea; Tribó, Josep A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
This paper builds upon the theoretical framework developed by Zahra and George [Absorptive capacity: a review, reconceptualization, and extension. Academy of Management Review 2002;27:185–203] to empirically explore the antecedents of potential absorptive capacity (PAC), i.e. the ability to identify and assimilate external knowledge flows. Based on a sample of 2464 innovative Spanish firms, we find evidence that R&D cooperation, external knowledge acquisition and experience with knowledge search are key antecedents of a firm’s PAC. Also, during periods of important internal reshaping, when there are significant changes in strategy, design of the organization and marketing, firms exert more effort to accumulate PAC. Finally, we find that PAC is a source of competitive advantage in innovation, especially in the presence of efficient internal knowledge flows that help reduce the distance between potential and realized capacity.

Capacidade de absorção: bases teóricas, funcionamento e condicionantes; Absorptive capacity: theoretical bases, operation and conditionings

Alves, Marlon Fernandes Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/06/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.71%
Um dos temas de maior interesse na pesquisa em estratégia nos últimos anos tem sido as capacidades dinâmicas, uma abordagem que se baseia nos conceitos de recursos e rotinas organizacionais para explicar a heterogeneidade do desempenho das organizações. Os estudos quantitativos na área são menos frequentes e tendem a usar medidas financeiras e unidimensionais, com particular interesse na relação entre as capacidades dinâmicas e o desempenho em detrimento de seus antecedentes. A fim de contribuir com a literatura, esse trabalho mapeia as principais bases teóricas relativas ao tema de capacidades dinâmicas e analisa quantitativamente o funcionamento de uma capacidade dinâmica com base em indicadores dos seus processos assim como examina seus condicionantes. Para operacionalização da etapa empírica, este trabalho elegeu um tipo específico de capacidade dinâmica, a capacidade de absorção, e restringiu a amostra a um setor, o de tecnologias da informação e comunicação no Brasil. A capacidade de absorção é relevante para a competitividade nesse setor porque ele é intensivo em conhecimento e enfrenta competição global, permitindo às organizações absorverem conhecimento de fontes externas e convertê-los em recursos que melhorem o desempenho em congruência com o ambiente. O modelo empírico foi avaliado com a técnica de modelagem de equações estruturais e construído com dados secundários de fontes oficiais. Verificou-se que a capacidade de absorção é um constructo bidimensional...

Absorptive capacity in a non-market environment: a knowledge-based approach to analysing the performance of sector organizations

Harvey, G.; Skelcher, C.; Spencer, E.; Jas, P.; Walshe, K.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Improved performance by public sector organizations is a political imperative in numerous countries. There are particular challenges in turnaround of poorly performing organizations. Theoretical explanations of the performance trajectories of public organizations, and especially the causes of failure, highlight the importance of knowledge processes, often from an organizational learning perspective. Absorptive capacity provides an alternative way of theorizing the relationships between organizational performance and knowledge processes, derived from the resource-based view of the firm and the broader concept of dynamic capabilities. The article reviews the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological implications of applying absorptive capacity to the performance of public organizations. It concludes that the approach has value and presents a number of propositions to be tested through empirical study, alongside some more general challenges for researchers who wish to study the concept further. The high political salience of public organizations' performance, and the costs of failure, mandates a major research effort on these issues.; Gill Harvey, Chris Skelcher, Eileen Spencer, Pauline Jas & Kieran Walshe

Foreign Firm Characteristics, Absorptive Capacity and the Institutional Framework

Farole, Thomas; Winkler, Deborah
Fonte: World Bank, Washingon, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washingon, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Using a cross-section of more than 25,000 domestic manufacturing firms in 78 low and middle-income countries from the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys, this paper assesses how mediating factors influence intra-industry productivity spillovers to domestic firms from foreign direct investment. It identifies three types of mediating factors: (i) foreign direct investment spillover potential, (ii) domestic firm absorptive capacity, and (iii) the host country's institutional framework. It finds that all three affect the extent and direction of foreign direct investment spillovers on domestic firm productivity. However, the impact of mediating factors depends significantly on the level of domestic firms' productivity and the structure of foreign ownership.

Gaining from interactions with universities: multiple methods for nurturing absorptive capacity

D'Este Cukierman, Pablo
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Comunicación de congreso Formato: 230796 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Trabajo presentado a la 25th DRUID Celebration Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, celebrada en Frederiksberg (Dinamarca) del 18 al 20 de Junio de 2008.; This paper examines the different ways in which firms benefit from their interactions with universities. The paper argues that three learning capabilities, connected with the building up of a firm’s absorptive capacity, can be enhanced by interactions with university: explorative, exploitative, and assimilation and transformation capabilities. By looking at a range of potential benefits rising from interactions with university, this paper investigates the impact that some characteristics of firms and university partnerships have on the type of gains that firms obtain from such interactions. To study these issues, we combine data from a survey of UK firms who have taken part in collaborations with university, and data about the past records of partnerships with universities held by our sample of firms.; Peer reviewed

An analytical model absorptive capacity

Vega Jurado, Jaider; Gutiérrez Gracia, Antonio; Fernández de Lucio, Ignacio
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo Formato: 191342 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.69%
This article presents a new model for analyzing determinants of absorptive capacity in companies and shows how can be operacionalized. We propose that absorptive capacity is not only determined by R&D activities but also by a set of internal factors, which we group into three basic categories: organizational knowledge, formalization, and social integration mechanisms. We pilot our model on a sample of 84 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located in the province of Valencia, Spain. The results of our pilot study suggest that the model specification is useful to explain the determinants of firm?s absorptive capacity. In addition, our findings show that the determinants of absorptive capacity differ with respect to the applicability of knowledge absorbed and that R&D activities have two different effects. Greater investment in R&D promotes the exploitation of external knowledge, regardless of its nature, while sustained R&D activities over time are a decisive factor for the exploitation of scientific knowledge.; Peer reviewed

Absorptive capacity: Enhancing the assimilation of time-based manufacturing practices

Tu, Qiang; Vonderembse, Mark; Ragu-Nathan, T.S.; Sharkey, Thomas
Fonte: Journal of operations management Publicador: Journal of operations management
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.69%
Increasingly, manufacturers are making radical changes in management practices and investing heavily in advanced technologies as they attempt to achieve sustainable competitive advantage. Organizations seeking to implement these changes should have an internal environment that emphasizes knowledge assimilation and sharing and creates continuous learning capability, i.e., absorptive capacity. This study reviews the construct of absorptive capacity, develops a valid and reliable instrument to measure it, and examines its impact on the organization's ability to assimilate innovative manufacturing technology and management practice. To illustrate the links, this study tests the relationships among absorptive capacity, time-based manufacturing practices, and value to customer. Structural equation modeling, applied to a relatively large sample (n = 303), indicates strong, positive, and direct relationships between absorptive capacity and time-based manufacturing practices, and between time-based manufacturing practices and value to customer. The managerial implications of these empirical findings are also discussed.; September 2006, Journal of operations management article. Please see www.ScienceDirect.com for the complete article.

The development of an instrument to measure firms' absorptive capacity of new technologies

Tu, Qiang
Fonte: Eastern Connecticut State University Publicador: Eastern Connecticut State University
Tipo: Proceedings
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
Manufacturers are investing heavily in advanced new technologies in the expectation of gaining technology benefits. However, studies show that many firms have been relatively slow in assimilating new technologies. It has been suggested that the new generation of managerial thinking should emphasize continuous learning capability and flexibility. This capacity of a firm to exploit and assimilate knowledge and technology, thus generating effective organizational learning is referred to as the firm's absorptive capacity. This is one of the first empirical studies to operationalzie the comstruct of absorptive capcity. A valid and reliable measurement instrument was developed through large-scale survey data collection and rigorous statistical validation. The instrument should be a valuable tool to both researchers and practioners.