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The effects of male age on sperm analysis by motile sperm organelle morphology examination (MSOME)

Silva, Liliane F. I.; Oliveira, Joao Batista A.; Petersen, Claudia G.; Mauri, Ana L.; Massaro, Fabiana C.; Cavagna, Mario; Baruffi, Ricardo L. R.; Franco, Jose G.
Fonte: Biomed Central Ltd. Publicador: Biomed Central Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 10
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Background: This study aimed to investigate the influence of age on sperm quality, as analysed by motile sperm organelle morphology examination (MSOME).Methods: Semen samples were collected from 975 men undergoing evaluation or treatment for infertility. Sperm cells were evaluated at 8400x magnification using an inverted microscope equipped with Nomarski (differential interference contrast) optics. Two forms of spermatozoa were considered: normal spermatozoa and spermatozoa with large nuclear vacuoles (LNV, defined as vacuoles occupying > 50% of the sperm nuclear area). At least 200 spermatozoa per sample were evaluated, and the percentages of normal and LNV spermatozoa were determined. The subjects were divided into three groups according to age: Group I, less than or equal to 35 years; Group II, 36-40 years; and Group III, greater than or equal to 41 years.Results: There was no difference in the percentages of normal sperm between the two younger (I and II) groups (P > 0.05). The percentage of normal sperm in the older group (III) was significantly lower than that in the younger (I and II) groups (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the percentage of LNV spermatozoa between the younger (I and II) groups (P > 0.05). The percentage of LNV spermatozoa was significantly higher in the older group (III) than in the younger (I and II) groups (P < 0.05). Regression analysis demonstrated a significant decrease in the incidence of normal sperm with increasing age (P < 0.05; r = -0.10). However...

Relationship of force metrics with swimming performance in age-group swimmers.

Amaro, Nuno; Marinho, Daniel; Batalha, Nuno; Morouço, Pedro
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
Introduction In competitive swimming, performance relies in the good combination of force and technique. The relative contribution of each of these components is still a controversial issue. Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify if force metrics obtained through tethered swimming can be explanatory of free swimming performance. Methods 22 age-group swimmers (male n=14, age: 14.6±1.2years of age, body mass: 53.1±9.0kg, height: 1.66±0.1m; female n=8, age: 13.9±2.1years of age, body mass: 46.3±9.2kg, height: 1.57±0.1m) took part in the study. Each participant performed a 30 s maximal front crawl tethered swimming test (described in detail by Morouço et. al, 2011). After normality assumption checked, force metrics (average force – Favg; maximum force – Fmax; and impulse of force – Fimp) were correlated with 50m in-water maximal bout performance (t50). Results Both in male and female swimmers Favg presented strong negative correlations with t50 (r=-0.81 and r=-0.95; p<0.01, respectively). For the male group, both Fmax and Fimp obtained moderate negative associations with t50 (r=-0.63 and r=-0.57; p<0.05, respectively). In female swimmers, both Fmax and Fimp attained strong negative relationships with t50 (r=-0.91 and r=-0.85; p<0.01...

Influence of age, mode of delivery and parity on the prevalence of posterior pelvic floor dysfunctions

Murad-Regadas,Sthela Maria; Regadas,Francisco Sergio P; Rodrigues,Lusmar Veras; Furtado,Débora Couto; Gondim,Ana Cecília; Dealcanfreitas,Íris Daiana
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
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45.82%
CONTEXT: The correlation between vaginal delivery, age and pelvic floor dysfunctions involving obstructed defecation is still a matter of controversy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of age, mode of delivery and parity on the prevalence of posterior pelvic floor dysfunctions in women with obstructed defecation syndrome. METHODS: Four hundred sixty-nine females with obstructed defecation syndrome were retrospectively evaluated using dynamic 3D ultrasonography to quantify posterior pelvic floor dysfunctions (rectocele grade II or III, rectal intussusception, paradoxical contraction/non-relaxation of the puborectalis and entero/ sigmoidocele grade III). In addition, sphincter damage was evaluated. Patients were grouped according to age (<50y x >50y) and stratified by mode of delivery and parity: group I (<50y): 218 patients, 75 nulliparous, 64 vaginal delivery and 79 only cesarean section and group II (>50y): 251 patients, 60 nulliparous, 148 vaginal delivery and 43 only caesarean section. Additionally, patients were stratified by number of vaginal deliveries: 0 - nulliparous (n = 135), 1 - vaginal (n = 46), >1 - vaginal (n = 166). RESULTS: Rectocele grade II or III, intussusception, rectocele + intussusception and sphincter damage were more prevalent in Group II (P = 0.0432; P = 0.0028; P = 0.0178; P = 0.0001). The stratified groups (nulliparous...

Reflux esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease: a cross-sectional study of gastroesophageal reflux disease patients by age group

Flora Filho,Rowilson; Zilberstein,Bruno
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / Universidade de São Paulo - FM/USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the intensity of acid reflux and severity of esophageal tissue damage in a cross-sectional study of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Seventy-eight patients with were selected in accordance with the strict 24-hour ambulatory esophageal pHmetry (24h-pHM) criteria and distributed into three age groups: Group A: 14 - 24 years of age. Group B: 25 - 54; and Group C: 55 - 64. The 24h-pHM was carried out in accordance with DeMeester standardization, and the Savary-Miller classification for the diagnosis of reflux esophagitis was used. The groups were similar in 24h-pHM parameters (p > 0.05), having above normal values. For the study group as a whole, there was no correlation between age group and intensity of acid reflux, and there was no correlation between intensity of acid reflux and severity of esophageal tissue damage. However, when the same patients were sub-grouped in accordance with the depth of their epithelial injury and then distributed into age groups, there was a significant difference in esophagitis without epithelial discontinuity. Younger patients had less epithelial damage than older patients. Additionally, although there was a significant progression from the least severe to the moderate stages of epithelial damage among the age groups...

Hierarchy, symmetry, and the xavante spiritual life cycle

Welch,James R.
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social - IFCH-UFRGS Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social - IFCH-UFRGS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Xavante society, well-known for its dual structural aspects, provides the best documented example of a formal age-group system in South America. Although the basic features of the Xavante secular age-group system were previously described, a second age-group system in the spiritual domain is presented here for the first time. In this paper, I describe the Xavante spiritual life cycle, including a structural dynamic whereby age sets pass through age grades in alternate fashion, allocating them between two moieties. That basic morphology is shared with the secular age-group system and attests to a Xavante logic of hierarchy and symmetry as mutually constructed and non-contradictory. Interactions between the spiritual and secular age-group systems manifest in the daily experience of spiritual participants in ways that suggest plurality and contingency are essential features of Xavante social organization.

Is age group a predictive factor for satisfaction among patients undergoing sympathectomy to treat hyperhidrosis?

Campos,José Ribas Milanez de; Wolosker,Nelson; Munia,Marco Antonio Soares; Yazbek,Guilherme; Kauffman,Paulo; Puech-Leão,Pedro; Jatene,Fábio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV) Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy is currently the procedure of choice for the definitive treatment of primary hyperhidrosis, because it is an effective, safe, and minimally invasive method. In the search for better quality of life indexes, all researchers look for predictive factors indicating better surgical outcomes. Failure in the primary treatment, postoperative compensatory hyperhidrosis, body mass index over 25, level of resection of the sympathetic chain, and extent of resection are some of the factors that may negatively influence the results. The objective of this study was to compare, according to the age group, the quality of life after bilateral thoracic sympathectomy for treatment of primary hyperhidrosis in a cohort of 1,644 patients. METHODS: From February 2000 to October 2008, data were collected from 1,644 patients with palmar (71%) or axillary (29%) hyperhidrosis who underwent video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy. The patients were divided into three groups according to their ages. The first group consisted of patients up to 17 years-old, the second from 18 to 30 years-old, and the third of over 30 years-old. All patients had a body mass index of less than 25. RESULTS: In the evaluation 30 days after surgery...

Negative impact of asthma on patients in different age groups

Alith,Marcela Batan; Gazzotti,Mariana Rodrigues; Montealegre,Federico; Fish,James; Nascimento,Oliver Augusto; Jardim,José Roberto
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.82%
Objective: To evaluate the impact of asthma on patients in Brazil, by age group (12-17 years, 18-40 years, and ≥ 41 years). Methods: From a survey conducted in Latin America in 2011, we obtained data on 400 patients diagnosed with asthma and residing in one of four Brazilian state capitals (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, and Salvador). The data had been collected using a standardized questionnaire in face-to-face interviews. For the patients who were minors, the parents/guardians had completed the questionnaire. The questions addressed asthma control, number of hospitalizations, number of emergency room visits, and school/work absenteeism, as well as the impact of asthma on the quality of life, sleep, and leisure. We stratified the data by the selected age groups. Results: The proportions of patients who responded in the affirmative to the following questions were significantly higher in the 12- to 17-year age group than in the other two groups: "Have you had at least one episode of severe asthma that prevented you from playing/exercising in the last 12 months?" (p = 0.012); "Have you been absent from school/work in the last 12 months?" (p < 0.001); "Have you discontinued your asthma relief or control medication in the last 12 months?" (p = 0.008). In addition...

Variation of bronchoalveolar lymphocyte phenotypes with age in the physiologically normal human lung

Meyer, K.; Soergel, P.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
BACKGROUND—Changes in T lymphocyte subsets have been observed in various forms of pulmonary disease. However, bronchoalveolar lymphocyte subsets have not been well characterised for healthy individuals differing in age. A study was undertaken to investigate the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in clinically normal volunteers of two different age groups (19-36 and 64-83 years).
METHODS—Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed on all individuals in both age groups and peripheral venous blood was drawn just prior to BAL. Bronchoalveolar cell profiles were characterised by morphological criteria, and cell surface antigen expression of lymphocytes was determined by flow cytometry.
RESULTS—A significant increase in total BAL lymphocytes was observed for the oldest group compared with the youngest age group. Mean lymphocyte subset (CD4+/CD8+) ratios were significantly increased in BAL fluid from the older group compared with the younger group (mean (SE) 7.6 (1.5) vs 1.9 (0.2); p<0.0001). The increase in the BAL CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio was mostly due to an increase in relative numbers of CD4+ lymphocytes, and the BAL CD4/CD8 ratio was disproportionately increased compared with peripheral blood in the older group. Increased expression of HLA-DR and CD69 on CD4+ T lymphocytes was observed in the oldest age group. Relative numbers of natural killer (NK) cells did not vary with age...

Reliability and Validity of Physiological Data Obtained Within a Cycle-Run Transition Test in Age-Group Triathletes

Vleck, Veronica; Millet, Gregoire P.; Alves, Francisco Bessone; Bentley, David J.
Fonte: Asist Group Publicador: Asist Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
This study examined the validity and reliability of a sequential “Run-Bike-Run” test (RBR) in age-group triathletes. Eight Olympic distance (OD) specialists (age 30.0 ± 2.0 years, mass 75.6 ± 1.6 kg, run VO2max 63.8 ± 1.9 ml· kg-1· min-1, cycle VO2peak 56.7 ± 5.1 ml· kg-1· min-1) performed four trials over 10 days. Trial 1 (TRVO2max) was an incremental treadmill running test. Trials 2 and 3 (RBR1 and RBR2) involved: 1) a 7-min run at 15 km· h-1 (R1) plus a 1-min transition to 2) cycling to fatigue (2 W· kg-1 body mass then 30 W each 3 min); 3) 10-min cycling at 3 W· kg-1 (Bsubmax); another 1-min transition and 4) a second 7-min run at 15 km· h-1 (R2). Trial 4 (TT) was a 30-min cycle - 20-min run time trial. No significant differences in absolute oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), or blood lactate concentration ([BLA]) were evidenced between RBR1 and RBR2. For all measured physiological variables, the limits of agreement were similar, and the mean differences were physiologically unimportant, between trials. Low levels of test-retest error (i.e. ICC <0.8, CV<10%) were observed for most (logged) measurements. However [BLA] post R1 (ICC 0.87, CV 25.1%), [BLA] post Bsubmax (ICC 0.99, CV 16.31) and [BLA] post R2 (ICC 0.51...

Near Visual Acuity Following Hyperopic Photorefractive Keratectomy in a Presbyopic Age Group

Moore, Michael; Leccisotti, Antonio; Grills, Claire; Moore, Tara C. B.
Fonte: International Scholarly Research Network Publicador: International Scholarly Research Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/05/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Purpose. To assess near visual acuity in a presbyopic age group following hyperopic photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Setting. Private practice in Siena, Italy. Methods. In this retrospective single-surgeon comparative study, PRK with mitomycin C was performed to correct hyperopia using Bausch & Lomb 217z laser for 120 eyes of 60 patients in the presbyopic age group (mean spherical equivalent SE +2.38 D ± 0.71 D and mean age 52 ± 5.09). 120 eyes of 60 age-matched controls (mean age 54 ± 5.09) had their unaided near vision measured. Results. At 12 months mean SE was −0.10 D ± 0.27 D in the PRK group. Mean best corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) was 0.005 ± 0.022  log MAR; 2 eyes lost ≥0.1 log MAR. Mean uncorrected visual acuity was 0.04 ± 0.077  log MAR. Mean distance corrected near visual acuity (DCNVA) in the PRK group was J3.73 ± 1.06. This was statistically better (P < 0.05) than the mean unaided near visual acuity in the control group J4.07 ± 1.08. Conclusion. PRK was found to be safe, predictable, and an effective way of correcting hyperopia in this age group. It was also found to give better than expected near vision.

Pacing strategy in male elite and age group 100 km ultra-marathoners

Knechtle, Beat; Rosemann, Thomas; Zingg, Matthias A; Stiefel, Michael; Rüst, Christoph A
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
Pacing strategy has been investigated in elite 100 km and elite 161 km (100 mile) ultra-marathoners, but not in age group ultra-marathoners. This study investigated changes in running speed over segments in male elite and age group 100 km ultra-marathoners with the assumption that running speed would decrease over segments with increasing age of the athlete. Running speed during segments in male elite and age group finishers for 5-year age groups (ie, 18–24 to 65–69 years) in the 100 km Lauf Biel in Switzerland was investigated during the 2000–2009 period. Average running speed over segment time station (TS) TS1–TS2 (56.1 km) was compared with running speed Start–TS1 (38 km) and Start–TS3 (76.7 km) and running speed TS2–TS3 was compared with running speed Start–Finish. For the top ten athletes in each edition, running speed decreased from 2000 to 2009 for TS1–TS2 and TS2–TS3 (P<0.0001) but not in TS3–Finish (P>0.05). During TS1–TS2, athletes were running at 98.0%±2.1% of the running speed of Start–TS1. In TS2–TS3, they were running at 94.6%±3.4% of the running speed of TS1–TS2. In TS3–Finish, they were running at 95.5%±3.8% of running speed in TS2–TS3. For age group athletes, running speed decreased in TS1–TS2 and TS2–TS3. In TS3–Finish...

Evolução temporal da incidência do câncer de mama na cidade de Goiânia de acordo com o grupo etário e análise geoespacial; Temporal evolution of breast cancer incidence in the city of goiania according to the age group and geospacial distribuition

Freitas, Nilceana Maya Aires
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.86%
OBJECTIVE: To study the behavior of breast cancer incidence in the city of Goiania/Goias, during the specified period of years, according to the age group and geospatial distribution. METHODS: In order to achieve our objectives, we conducted three distinctive studies, as described below: Study I: This study sought to verify the Average Annual Percentage Change (AAPC) of breast cancer incidence in Goiania, per decade of life. It used the database of the Population Based Cancer Registries of Goiania (RCBPGo), between 1988 and 2003. During this period, it was registered 3,310 new cases of female breast cancer. The incidence of both crude and standardized rates, this is adjusted by Segi’s World population, were calculated per age groups at each 10 years. Poisson Regression was used to calculate the AAPC for these age groups. Study II: Studied breast cancer incidence trends in young women, in Goiania, during the same period of time (1988 to 2003). The women were divided in three age groups: young women, younger than 39 years old;; women between 40 and 59 years old;; and women above 60 years old. To conduct this study, the annual incidence was calculated by the respective age groups. It was calculated the AAPC and the linear regression. The latter was used to obtain the correlation coefficient and the determination coefficient. Study III: The database of the Population Based Cancer Registries of Goiania (RCBPGo) was updated in this study until 2006;; therefore...

Fractionated atrial electrograms during sinus rhythm: Relationship to age, voltage, and conduction velocity

Roberts-Thomson, K.; Kistler, P.; Sanders, P.; Morton, J.; Haqqani, H.; Stevenson, I.; Vohra, J.; Sparks, P.; Kalman, J.
Fonte: Elsevier Inc. Publicador: Elsevier Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
Background Fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) have been implicated in the mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF). The prevalence and distribution of CFAEs in normal populations have not been clearly defined. Objective This study sought to determine the influence of age on CFAEs and investigate the relationship between CFAEs and the underlying atrial substrate. Methods Twenty-one patients without structural heart disease underwent electroanatomic mapping of their right atrium (RA). Patients were categorized into 3 groups according to age: group A, patients <30 years (25.1 ± 3.1 years, n = 7); group B, patients between 31 and 59 years (51.7 ± 10.3 years, n = 6); group C, patients >60 years (66.9 ± 7.7 years, n = 8). The proportion of points with CFAEs was analyzed for the high and low septal RA, high and low lateral RA, and high and low posterior RA. The mean atrial voltage and conduction velocity were assessed in each of these regions. Results The percentage of CFAEs was greater in group C (14.6% ± 7.7%) than in group A (2.7% ± 2.1%; P = 0.001). The percentage of CFAEs in group B (8.5% ± 3.5%) was not significantly different from that in group A (P = 0.21) and group C (P = 0.14). The CFAEs were predominantly located in the posterior RA and high septal RA. There were significant correlations between the proportion of CFAEs and age (R = 0.72; P < 0.01)...

Reliability and validity of physiological data obtained within a cycle-run transition test in age-group triathletes

Vleck, V.; Millet, G.; Alves, F.; Bentley, D.
Fonte: Asist Group Publicador: Asist Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
This study examined the validity and reliability of a sequential "Run-Bike-Run" test (RBR) in age-group triathletes. Eight Olympic distance (OD) specialists (age 30.0 ± 2.0 years, mass 75.6 ± 1.6 kg, run VO2max 63.8 ± 1.9 ml•kg-1•min-1, cycle VO2peak 56.7 ± 5.1 ml•kg-1•min-1) performed four trials over 10 days. Trial 1 (TRVO2max) was an incremental treadmill running test. Trials 2 and 3 (RBR1 and RBR2) involved: 1) a 7-min run at 15 km•h-1 (R1) plus a 1-min transition to 2) cycling to fatigue (2 W•kg-1 body mass then 30 W each 3 min); 3) 10-min cycling at 3 W•kg-1 (Bsubmax); another 1-min transition and 4) a second 7-min run at 15 km•h-1 (R2). Trial 4 (TT) was a 30-min cycle - 20-min run time trial. No significant differences in absolute oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), or blood lactate concentration ([BLA]) were evidenced between RBR1 and RBR2. For all measured physiological variables, the limits of agreement were similar, and the mean differences were physiologically unimportant, between trials. Low levels of test-retest error (i.e. ICC <0.8, CV<10%) were observed for most (logged) measurements. However [BLA] post R1 (ICC 0.87, CV 25.1%), [BLA] post Bsubmax (ICC 0.99, CV 16.31) and [BLA] post R2 (ICC 0.51...

Relação de escolaridade, faixa etária e profissão de mães com a oferta de chupeta e mamadeira a seus filhos; Relationship of schooling level, age group and mother profession with offer of pacifier and baby's bottles to your children

SILVÉRIO, Kelly Cristina Alves; FERREIRA, Ana Paula Silva; JOHANNS, Cinthia Mara; WOLF, Aline; FURKIM, Ana Maria; MARQUES, Jair Mendes
Fonte: CEFAC Saúde e Educação Publicador: CEFAC Saúde e Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.78%
OBJETIVO: avaliar a relação do grau de escolaridade, faixa etária e a profissão das mães com a oferta de chupeta e mamadeira a seus filhos MÉTODO: participaram deste estudo 190 mães de crianças entre 0 e 10 anos de idade, com idades de 20 a 45 anos que responderam a um questionário com questões fechadas a respeito de profissão, nível de escolaridade e uso de chupeta e mamadeira de seus filhos RESULTADOS: não foi observada diferença significante entre o grau de escolaridade quanto ao uso de chupeta (p= 0,915). O uso de mamadeira foi significantemente maior nos filhos de mães com ensino superior (p= 0,0124). Não houve diferença significante quanto à faixa etária das mães e a presença desses hábitos nos filhos (chupeta: p=0,427; mamadeira: p=0,427); e, entre mães que trabalham em casa e que trabalham fora de casa (chupeta: p=0,061; mamadeira: p=0,798). Não houve diferença entre mães que trabalham na área da saúde e em outras áreas (chupeta: p=0,339; mamadeira: p=0,455) CONCLUSÃO: as mães com nível superior de escolaridade oferecem significantemente mais mamadeira aos seus filhos, o que não ocorreu quanto ao uso de chupeta. Não foi observada diferença significante quanto ao uso de chupeta e mamadeira em relação à faixa etária e profissão de mães.; PURPOSE: to evaluate the relationships among schooling level...

Cigarette smoking by socioeconomic group, sex, and age: effects of price, income, and health publicity.

Townsend, J.; Roderick, P.; Cooper, J.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/10/1994 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.84%
OBJECTIVE--To assess effects of price, income, and health publicity on cigarette smoking by age, sex, and socioeconomic group. DESIGN--Econometric multiple regression analysis of data on cigarette smoking from the British general household survey. SUBJECTS--Random sample of adult population in Britain interviewed for biennial general household surveys 1972-90. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Changes in cigarette consumption and prevalence of smoking. RESULTS--Price elasticities of demand for cigarettes (percentage change in cigarette consumption for a 1% change in price) were significant at -0.5 (95% confidence interval -0.8 to -0.1) for men and -0.6 (-0.9 to -0.3) for women, were highest in socioeconomic group V (-1.0 for men and -0.9 for women), and lowest (not significantly different from zero) in socioeconomic groups I and II. The gradient in price elasticities by socioeconomic group was significant for men (F = 5.6, P = 0.02) and for women (F = 6.1, P = 0.02). Price was a significant factor in cigarette consumption by age for women in every age group and for men aged 25-34. Cigarette consumption by young men aged 16-34 increased with income. There was a significant decrease in smoking over time by women in socioeconomic groups I and II and by men in all age and social groups except socioeconomic group V attributable to health publicity. Price significantly affected smoking prevalence in socioeconomic group V (-0.6 for men and -0.5 for women) and for all women (-0.2). CONCLUSIONS--Men and women in lower socioeconomic groups are more responsive than are those in higher socioeconomic groups to changes in the price of cigarettes and less to health publicity. Women of all ages...

Nosographic profile of soccer injuries according to the age group

Silveira,Karoline Pegoraro da; Assunção,Vítor Hugo Santos; Guimarães Júnior,Nercílio Pereira; Barbosa,Suzi Rosa Miziara; Santos,Mara Lisiane Moraes dos; Christofoletti,Gustavo; Carregaro,Rodrigo Luiz; Oliveira Júnior,Silvio Assis de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
Soccer is one of the world's most popular team sports and corresponds to one of the leading causes of sports injuries (SI). This study aimed to analyze the nosographic profile of the sports injuries common to soccer, according to the age group: childhood, youth and adulthood. We selected 209 soccer players, from amateurs to professional players of a sports club from Campo Grande/MS. Participants were divided into four age groups: G1 (childhood), G2 (juvenile), G3 (teenagers) and G4 (adults). To obtain information about the injuries, we used a morbidity survey. Generally, 74 athletes reported sports injuries, with register of 92 SI. Concerning injury types, muscle injuries totalized 43.47%, followed by joint damage (34.78%) and tendon injury (14.13%), respectively (p<0.05). The affected anatomical sites were predominantly lower limbs (91.3%). Contact was the main etiologic mechanism of injuries, integrating almost half of the cases (47.82%), followed by technique (20.65%) and running (19.56%). Training consisted in the main situation of occurrence of SI (74.3%) in G2 and G4; in other groups, occurrence of SI was similar between training and competition situations (p> 0.05). A higher proportion of registers involved medical-therapeutic approach and asymptomatic return. The evidence shows a higher rate of muscle and joint injuries by contact in the lower limbs in soccer practitioners...

Age group differences in psychological distress: the role of psychosocial risk factors that vary with age.

Jorm, Anthony F; Windsor, Timothy; Dear, Keith; Anstey, Kaarin; Christensen, Helen; Rodgers, Bryan
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
Background. There is continuing controversy about how age affects depression and anxiety, with a lack of consistent results across studies. Two reasons for this inconsistency are age bias in measures and different patterns of exposure to risk factors across age groups in various studies. Method. Data on anxiety and depression symptoms were collected in a community survey of 7485 persons aged 20-24, 40-44 or 60-64 years. These measures were investigated for factorial invariance across age groups. Data were also collected on a wide range of potential risk factors, including social, physical health and personal factors, with the aim of determining whether these factors might partly or wholly account for age group differences. Results. The invariance of correlated latent factors representing anxiety and depression was examined across age groups, and a generalized measure of psychological distress was computed. Depression, anxiety and psychological distress showed a decline across age groups for females and a decline from 40-44 to 60-64 years for males. Some of these age differences were accounted for by other risk factors, with the most important being recent crises at work and negative social relationships with family and friends. Conclusion. Psychological distress generally declined across the age range 20-64 years and this was not attributable to measurement bias. Differential exposure to risk factors explained some...

Perfil nosográfico de lesões desportivas no futebol segundo faixa etária; Nosographic profile of soccer injuries according to the age group

Silveira, Karoline Pegoraro; Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Curso de Fisioterapia. Campo Grande, MS. Brasil; Assunção, Vítor Hugo Santos; Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Curso de Fisioterapia. Campo Grande, MS. Brasil; Guimarã
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares",; Descriptive; Avaliado por Pares; Questionário; descritiva Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2013v15n4p476O futebol é a modalidade desportiva mais popular no mundo e responde pelos principais índices de lesões desportivas (ld). O objetivo deste trabalho foi traçar operfil nosográfico de lesões músculo-esqueléticas típicas do futebol, relacionando-as com a faixa etária de desenvolvimento: infância, adolescência e adultez. A casuística contemplou 209 praticantes de futebol, procedentes das equipes de base profissionalizante e profissional de um clube desportivo da cidade de campo grande/ms. Os participantes foram distribuídos em quatro grupos etários: g1 (infância), g2 (infanto-juvenil), g3 (adolescentes) e g4 (adultos). Para a tomada de informações sobre lesões, utilizou-se de um inquérito de morbidade referida. No geral, 74 atletas relataram lesões, com registro de 92 ld. Quanto à natureza, 43,47% configuraram agravos musculares, seguidos por lesões articulares (34,78%) e tendíneas (14,13%), respectivamente (p<0,05). Os locais anatômicos predominantemente acometidos foram membros inferiores (91,3%). Como mecanismo de ld, o contato desportivo integrou quase metade dos casos (47,82%), seguidos pela técnica (20,65%) e corrida (19,56%). As situaçõesde treino consistiram na principal forma de ocorrência (74...

The need for gender specific tobacco control strategies: KAP survey findings on environmental tobacco smoke exposure among women in the reproductive age group

Brown,E; Maharaj,S; James,K
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
OBJECTIVE: The study was done to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of women within the child bearing age with regard to smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on children's health. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative components was designed to collect data from women in the child-bearing age. The sample comprised of persons from the two largest combined family planning and antenatal clinics in Kingston, Jamaica. RESULTS: The women surveyed had a fair level of knowledge about ETS health risks, negative attitudes to smoking in general, and most supported a ban on smoking in public places. Significant knowledge differences existed between young and older women and between smokers and non-smokers. CONCLUSION: Women with the highest level of knowledge were the non-smokers: of the low knowledge score group (current smokers), 50% were in the 15-24-year age range. There is a need for more public education on smoking and the consequences ofenvironmental tobacco smoke exposure on children s health.