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Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries

Aksoy, M. Ataman; Beghin, John C.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
This book explores the outstanding issues in global agricultural trade policy and evolving world production and trade patterns. Its coverage of agricultural trade issues ranges from the details of cross-cutting policy issues to the highly distorted agricultural trade regimes of industrial countries and detailed studies of agricultural commodities of economic importance to many developing countries. The book brings together the background issues and findings to guide researchers and policymakers in their global negotiations and domestic policies on agriculture. The book also explores the key questions for global agricultural policies, both the impacts of current trade regimes and the implications of reform. It complements the recent agricultural trade handbook that focuses primarily on the agricultural issues within the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations (Ingco and Nash 2004).

Decomposition of Gender Differentials in Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia

Aguilar, Arturo; Carranza, Eliana; Goldstein, Markus; Kilic, Talip; Oseni, Gbemisola
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
This paper employs decomposition methods to analyze differences in agricultural productivity between male and female land managers in Ethiopia. It employs data from the 2011-2012 Ethiopian Rural Socioeconomic Survey. An overall 23.4 percent gender differential in agricultural productivity is estimated at the mean in favor of male land managers, of which 10.1 percentage points are explained by differences in land manager characteristics, land attributes, and unequal access to resources (the endowment effect). The remaining 13.4 percentage points are explained by unequal returns to productive components, but cannot be easily tied to specific covariates. These results are mainly driven by non-married female managers (mainly single and divorced). Married female managers do not display such disadvantages. Further analysis along the productivity distribution reveals that gender differentials are more pronounced at mid-levels of productivity and that the share of the gender gap explained by the endowment effect declines as productivity increases. Detailed decomposition of estimates at selected points of the agricultural productivity distribution provides valuable information for policy intervention purposes.

Agricultural Production, Dietary Diversity, and Climate Variability

Dillon, Andrew; McGee, Kevin; Oseni, Gbemisola
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.45%
Nonseparable household models outline the links between agricultural production and household consumption, yet empirical extensions to investigate the effect of production on dietary diversity and diet composition are limited. Although a significant literature has investigated the calorie-income elasticity abstracting from production, this paper provides an empirical application of the nonseparable household model linking the effect of exogenous variation in planting season production decisions via climate variability on household dietary diversity. Using exogenous variation in degree days, rainfall, and agricultural capital stocks as instruments, the effect of production on household dietary diversity at harvest is estimated. The empirical specifications estimate production effects on dietary diversity using both agricultural revenue and crop production diversity. Significant effects of agricultural revenue and crop production diversity on dietary diversity are estimated. The dietary diversity-production elasticities imply that a 10 percent increase in agricultural revenue or crop diversity results in a 1.8 percent or 2.4 percent increase in dietary diversity...

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

Vegetable situation

United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Commodity Economics Division ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 213 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.41%
(Dates or Sequential Designation) TVS-6 (June 1937) - TVS-218 (Nov. 1980).; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -TVS-218, Nov. 1980.; (Issuing Body) Vols. for 1937-Nov. 1953 issued by Bureau of Agricultural Economics; 1954-Jan. 1961, by Agricultural Marketing Service; Apr. 1961- by Economic Research Service; Feb. 1978- by Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service; Nov. 1980 by Economics and Statistics Service, each a subdivision of the United States Department of Agriculture; Nov. 1980 approved by the World Food and Agricultural Outlook and Situation Board.; MONTHLY CATALOG NUMBER: gp 81007565

List of agricultural cooperation economic charts

United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Division of Economic Information
Fonte: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ); United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ); United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //[1928] Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%

Agricultural cooperation economic charts

United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Fonte: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: [6] p. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%
"November 1925."

Some selected references relating to the impact of the war upon the national agricultural program

United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( [Washington] ); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( [Washington] ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( [Washington] ); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( [Washington] )
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //[1941?] Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%

Acts administered by Agricultural Marketing Service

Wheeler, Marion E; United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics. -- Library
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C ); U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: mixed material
Publicado em //1939 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%

Cattle feeding situation

United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics; United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
Fonte: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics.; U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v. : ; 27 cm.
Publicado em // Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
(Issuing Body) Issued by: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, <1947>-1953; by: Agricultural Marketing Service, <1954->

Distortions to world trade: Impacts on agricultural markets and incomes

Anderson, K.; Martin, W.; Van der Mensbrugghe, D.
Fonte: Amer Agricultural Economics Assoc Publicador: Amer Agricultural Economics Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
The latest versions of the Global Trade Analysis Project database and the Linkage model of the global economy (projected to 2015) are used to estimate the impact of removing all merchandise trade distortions (including agricultural subsidies). Results suggest that a move to free merchandise trade would increase farm employment, the real value of agricultural output and exports, real returns to farm land and unskilled labor, and real net farm incomes in developing countries. This would occur despite the decline in international terms of trade for some developing countries that are net food importers or are enjoying preferential access to agricultural markets of high-income countries.; Kym Anderson, Will Martin, and Dominique van der Mensbrugghe; The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com An earlier version is circulated as 15 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3736, Washington DC, October 2005. Recipient of an Outstanding Article Honorable Mention for that journal by the American Agricultural Economics Association, 2007.

Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World : Case Studies from the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, and the Republic of Yemen

Verner, Dorte; Breisinger, Clemens
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
This Economics of Climate Change in the Arab World is presents detailed case studies on the impacts of climate change in the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, and the Republic of Yemen that were summarized. The Arab region is already being impacted by climate change through more frequent cyclones, floods, and prolonged droughts. Thousands of rural producers have seen their crops and herds devastated by extreme conditions, and have been forced to abandon their traditional way of life and migrate to crowded urban areas. Those who stay behind in rural areas struggle to cope with shortages of food and water. Climate change affects countries' economies and households through a variety of channels. Rising temperatures and changes in rainfall patterns affect agricultural yields of both rainfed and irrigated crops, and thus global and local food markets. Adaptation is a process that will take place over decades as new information makes policy makers reevaluate their climate vulnerabilities. Still, by seizing the opportunity to act now and act together...

Reducing Distortions to Agricultural Incentives: Progress, Pitfalls and Prospects

Anderson, Kym
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.52%
Most of the world's poorest people depend on farming for their livelihood. Earnings from farming in low-income countries are depressed partly due to a pro-urban bias in own-country policies, and partly because richer countries (including some developing countries) favor their farmers with import barriers and subsidies. Both sets of policies reduce national and global economic growth and add to inequality and poverty in developing countries. Acknowledgement of that since the 1980s has given rise to greater pressures for reform, both internal and external. Over the past two decades numerous developing country governments have reduced their sectoral and trade policy distortions, while many high-income countries continue with protectionist policies that harm developing country exports of farm products. Recent research suggests that the agricultural protectionist policies of high-income countries reduce welfare in many developing countries. Most of those studies also suggest that full global liberalization of merchandise trade would raise value added in agriculture in developing country regions, and that much of the benefit from global reform would come not just from reform in high-income countries but also from liberalization among developing countries...

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa

Anderson, Kym; Masters, William A.
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
One of every two people in Sub-Saharan Africa survives on less than $1.25 a day. That proportion has changed little over the past three decades, unlike in Asia and elsewhere, so the region's share of global poverty has risen from one-tenth to almost one-third since 1980. About 70 percent of today's 400 million poor Africans live in rural areas and depend directly or indirectly on farming for their livelihoods. While that rural share was even higher in the past, it means policies affecting the incentives for farmers to produce and sell farm products remain a major influence on the extent of Africa's poverty. The case studies help address questions such as the following: where is there still a policy bias against agricultural production? To what extent are some farmers now being protected from import competition? What are the political economic forces behind the more-successful reformers, and how do they compare with those in less-successful countries where major distortions in agricultural incentives remain? How important have domestic political forces been in bringing about reform...

Moving off the Farm : Land Institutions to Facilitate Structural Transformation and Agricultural Productivity Growth in China

Deininger, Klaus; Jin, Songqing; Xia, Fang
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
Agriculture has made major contributions to China's economic growth and poverty reduction, but the literature has rarely focused on the institutional factors that might underpin such structural transformation and productivity. This paper aims to fill that gap. Drawing on an 8-year panel of 1,200 households in six key provinces, it explores the impact of government land reallocations and formal land-use certificates on agricultural productivity growth, as well as the likelihood of households to exit from agriculture or send family members to the non-farm sector. It finds that land tenure insecurity, measured by the history of past land reallocations, discourages households from quitting agriculture. The recognition of land rights through formal certificates encourages the temporary migration of rural labor. Both factors have a large impact on productivity (at about 30 percent each), mainly by encouraging market-based land transfers. A sustained increase in non-agricultural opportunities will likely reinforce the importance of secure land tenure...

Land, Labor and Technology: Essays in Development Economics

Fernando, Asanga Nilesh
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.46%
Many of the world's rural poor make a living from agriculture. Consequently, the productivity of agriculture and non-agricultural employment opportunities are important determinants of rural poverty and the subject matter of the three essays in this dissertation. The first chapter in this dissertation estimates the long-term causal effect of inheriting land in rural India. Using quasi-experimental methods, I find that inheriting land greatly influences occupational trajectories and can suppress consumption to an extent that may overwhelm its direct benefit. The second chapter uses a field experiment to understand whether barriers to information influence agricultural productivity. We find that the introduction of a mobile phone-based agricultural information service greatly influences reported sources of information, input adoption decisions and agricultural productivity. The final chapter studies the effect of the external provision of agricultural information on social interactions and agricultural outcomes in village India. Using a field experiment, I find that the introduction of a mobile phone-based agricultural extension service influences the structure and content of social interactions with peers both within and outside the original study population. Respondents receiving valuable agricultural information are more likely to interact with their peers and share information from the service. These changes in social interactions also influence the agricultural outcomes of peers. These results suggest that technological innovations may increase the returns to in-person exchange of information and...