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Auto-relato da frequência de consumo de álcool numa amostra representativa da população adulta portuguesa : associações com a obesidade e o perímetro da cintura; Self-reported frequency of alcohol consumption in a representative sample of the portuguese adult population : associations with obesity and waist circumference

Camolas, José; Santos, Osvaldo; Vieira, João; Mesquita, Fernanda de
Fonte: Repositório Científico Lusófona Publicador: Repositório Científico Lusófona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
São vários, e ainda mal compreendidos, os factores que contribuem para a obesidade. Em Portugal, há simultaneamente uma elevada prevalência de obesidade e um elevado consumo de bebidas alcoólicas. A associação entre consumo de álcool e obesidade não é clara. Este artigo analisa a associação entre a frequência auto-relatada de consumo de bebidas alcoólicas (vinho, cerveja e bebidas brancas/espirituosas) e a prevalência de pré-obesidade e/ou obesidade na população adulta (entre os 18 e os 64 anos) em Portugal. Trata-se de um estudo observacional e transversal, representativo a nível de Portugal continental. No total, recolheram-se dados relativamente a 8116 portugueses. As frequências de consumo das várias bebidas estão fortemente correlacionadas entre si. Foi encontrada uma associação significativa entre as frequências auto-relatadas de consumo de álcool e o excesso de peso, a obesidade e as medidas do perímetro da cintura. A frequência auto-relatada de consumo para todas as bebidas aumenta com as categorias de índice de massa corporal. As categorias de perímetro da cintura associadas a risco cardiovascular estão associadas a maior frequência auto-relatada de consumo de todas as bebidas alcoólicas em estudo...

O neuromarketing e a efetividade da comunicação de conscientização do consumo de bebida alcoólica no Brasil; The neuromarketing and communication effectiveness of awareness of alcohol consumption in Brazil

Santos, Renê de Oliveira Joaquim dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
O aumento crescente do consumo de cerveja e suas consequências sociais tem sido alvo de estudos nos últimos anos. É interessante entender a efetividade das medidas de prevenção ao consumo excessivo de bebida alcoólica. Para isso, o objetivo dessa pesquisa é analisar a efetividade da comunicação sobre conscientização ao consumo de bebida alcoólica nas propagadas de cerveja com o apoio do eye-tracking, uma técnica de neuromarketing. Acredita-se que este trabalho possa contribuir com medidas de prevenção ao consumo excessivo do álcool e suas consequências. A pesquisa é de natureza qualitativa exploratória realizada em laboratório com uma amostra não probabilística de jovens universitários. No laboratório, os participantes foram submetidos a estímulos, eles assistirama algumas propagandas de cerveja no equipamento de eye-tracking, que captou o movimento ocular do usuário. Após isto, foi aplicado um questionário aos participantes com base nos objetivos específicos. As análises da pesquisa foram realizadas pelo cruzamento das respostas dos questionários e dos dados fornecidos pelo equipamento de eye-tracking. As três hipóteses de pesquisas foram testadas pelo software estatístico Stata mostrando que os alertas de prevenção ao consumo de bebida alcoólica não são efetivos concluindo-se ser necessário estipular parâmetros para a exposição dos alertas para que eles possam ser efetivos.; The objective of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of the communication awareness about the consumption of alcohol in beer propagated with the support of the eye-tracking ...

Incidência de hipertensão arterial pelo consumo de álcool : é modificável pela raça?; Incidence of hypertension by alcohol consumption: is it Modifiable by race?

Steffens, André Avelino
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
A associação entre consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e a incidência de hipertensão pode ser dependente do padrão de consumo e raça. Em um estudo de coorte de base populacional, foram entrevistados no domicílio 1089 adultos, selecionados ao acaso. A pressão arterial e medidas antropométricas foram aferidas de acordo com recomendações padronizadas. A quantidade de álcool consumida foi avaliada por um questionário de quantidade-freqüência. Binge drinking foi definido pelo consumo de 5 ou mais drinques em uma ocasião para homens ou 4 drinques para mulheres, e abuso de álcool, por consumo de 30 ou mais gramas por dia em homens ou 15 g ou mais em mulheres. Os entrevistadores classificaram a cor da pele dos participantes em brancos e não-brancos. Casos incidentes de hipertensão foram caracterizados por PA ≥ 140/90 mmHg ou uso de medicamento anti-hipertensivo. A razão de risco (RR) para incidência de hipertensão arterial foi computada em modelo de Cox. Entre os 589 indivíduos normotensos na entrevista basal, foram identificados 127 casos incidentes de hipertensão, após um seguimento de 5,6 ± 1,1 anos. Não houve associação de binge drinking e dependência de álcool (CAGE) com a incidência de hipertensão. A RR ajustada (idade...

Cytologic analysis of alterations induced by smoking and by alcohol consumption

Pavanello, Marcella Batista; Prado, Fernanda Almeida; Balducci, Ivan; Haberbeck Brandão, Adriana Aigotti; Dias Almeida, Janete
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 435-440
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
Objective: To analyze cytologically the buccal mucosa of smoking and nonsmoking volunteers to determine what cellular changes are induced by cigarettes and alcohol consumption. Study Design: In order to evaluate cellular changes induced by smoking and alcohol consumption, exfoliative cytology was used for the analysis of mucosal smears obtained from the buccal mucosa of 25 smokers and 25 nonsmokers. The number of cigarettes consumed, duration of smoking, presence or absence of alcohol ingestion, ingested alcohol dose and frequency of consumption, and most frequently used type of alcoholic beverage were determined using a questionnaire. Three smears from each individual stained by the Papanicolaou method were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively under a light microscope by 2 experienced examiners in terms of inflammatory and dysplastic alterations and of the degree of epithelial maturation. Results: Although numerous alterations were observed in smokers they corresponded up to only Papanicolaou class II and were not significantly different from nonsmokers (Mann-Whitney and χ 2 tests, p < 0.05). A higher proportion of inflammatory cells (polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cells) were obtained from smokers as compared to nonsmokers...

Alcohol consumption in 12 to 21 year old students in Beja District

Tavares, Teresa; Bonito, Jorge; Oliveira, Maria
Fonte: Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria Publicador: Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
Introduction: Alcohol is the most consumed controlled substance by young people. According to the ESPAD (2011) report, 87% of students had already consumed alcohol during their life span, and 81% of students consider being easy or even very easy to obtain alcoholic beverages, mainly consuming beer and distilled beverages. Nearly half of the young people drank to inebriation having a tendency to binge drink. Methods: This is a quantitative study. The objective is to categorize some alcohol drinking habits of students between ages 12 and 21 years old, from the District of Beja (Portugal). Information was gathered via a questionnaire created for that purpose and validated by external experts and pilot testing. 501 questionnaires were validated from 8 schools. Data analysis in SPSS includes central tendency, dispersion and association methods. Results: Issues were analyzed in two dimensions: socio-economic and consumer habits. About 93% of students have already consumed alcohol having initiated that consumption between ages 12 and 13. Most students consumed their last drink in the previous week being their preference beer and white spirits. Although most of the students never been inebriated, that number decreases from 9th to 12th grades. From those who got inebriated...

Alcohol consumption and NHMRC guidelines: has the message got out, are people conforming and are they aware that alcohol causes cancer?

Bowden, J.A.; Delfabbro, P.; Room, R.; Miller, C.L.; Wilson, C.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Objective: To examine self-reported alcohol consumption and relationships between consumption, awareness of the 2009 NHMRC guidelines of no more than two standard drinks per day, drinking in excess of the guideline threshold and perceptions of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer. Methods: Questions were included in annual, cross-sectional surveys of approximately 2,700 South Australians aged 18 years and over from 2004 to 2012. Consumption data for 2011 and 2012 were merged for the majority of analyses. Results: In 2011 and 2012, 21.6% of adults drank in excess of the guideline threshold (33.0% males; 10.7% females). While 53.5% correctly identified the NHMRC consumption threshold for women, only 20.3% did so for men (39.0% nominated a higher amount). A large minority said they did not know the consumption threshold for women (39.2%) or men (40.4%). In 2012, only 36.6% saw alcohol as an important risk factor for cancer. Important predictors of excess consumption for men were: higher household income; and not perceiving alcohol as an important risk factor for cancer. Predictors for women were similar but the role of household income was even more prominent. Conclusions: Men were nearly three times as likely to drink in excess of the guidelines as women. The majority of the population did not see an important link between alcohol and cancer. Awareness of the latest NHMRC guidelines consumption threshold is still low...

Hábitos sexuales y consumo de alcohol en una población universitaria española; Sexual behaviour and alcohol consumption on a spanich college student sample

Pascual Mato, Marta
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
Introducción: En nuestro país hay un alto porcentaje de jóvenes que consume alcohol. Algunos estudios han relacionado este consumo con los estilos de vida sexual en este grupo de edad. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la relación entre hábitos sexuales y consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios. Diseño: estudio transversal utilizando los datos obtenidos mediante la primera encuesta del proyecto uniHcos. Análisis estadístico: como medida de asociación se utiliza la OR y su IC al 95% ajustada por edad y sexo mediante regresión logística. Resultados: Entre los resultados más importantes, encontramos un mayor riesgo de ITS en aquellos con conductas de riesgo (consumo regular, binge drinking, AUDIT >7, inicio precoz de consumo) y un pobre uso de preservativo con pareja estable, también en pareja esporádica con consumo de riesgo (AUDIT >8, consumo regular). Además, la edad de inicio precoz de relaciones sexuales se ha asociado con la mayoría de los factores de riesgo de consumo, (inicio precoz, binge drinking, AUDIT >7, consumo regular). Conclusiones: Estos resultados plantean la necesidad de incorporar nuevas estrategias preventivas sobre el consumo de alcohol y concienciar sobre el uso de preservativo en universitarios y adolescentes españoles para evitar consecuencias en su salud posterior.; Introduction: In Spain...

Influence of alexithymia, self-concept and health locus of control on alcohol consumption of young Portuguese

Lopes, Rosa Cristina Correia
Fonte: Elsevier Masson, Abstracts on CD-Rom, Vol. 26, Suppl. 1 Publicador: Elsevier Masson, Abstracts on CD-Rom, Vol. 26, Suppl. 1
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Portugal still holds a leading place in the per capita consumption of alcohol at a world level, with high mortality rates due to hepatic cirrhosis, high indexes of road/work killings, besides a vast range of physical and mental, family and occupational health problems caused by alcohol. The narrow connection between juvenile/academic events and alcohol consumption makes youngsters vulnerable to this consumption. A descriptive-correlational and transversal study was conducted with a 552 students' sample of the Nursing degree aiming to determine some psychological characteristics that might influence/predict alcohol use/abuse in youngsters: alexithymia, self-concept and health control locus. The data collection instrument comprehended: Graffar Social Classification; Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS20), What Do I Think Of Health, Self-Concept Clinical Inventory (SCCI) and Alcohol Involvement Scale (AIS). Male gender is related to alcohol involvement (rho = −0.276; p = .000), revealing that 35% of the male gender and 7% of the female are normally drinkers with problems. Externally oriented thought (F3-TAS20) (rho = .084; p = .048), the impulsiveness (F4-SCCI) (rho = .119; p = .005) and the external control locus (rho = .118; p = .005) are correlated to the involvement with alcohol. Hierarchic multiple regression revealed as behaviour predictor variables of that involvement: gender (3.8%; p = .000)...

Combined effects of aldehyde dehydrogenase variants and maternal mitochondrial genes on alcohol consumption

Quintanilla, María Elena; Sapag, Amalia; Tampier, Lutske; Israel, Yedy
Fonte: NATL INST ALCOHOL ABUSE ALCOHOLISM Publicador: NATL INST ALCOHOL ABUSE ALCOHOLISM
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.4%
Two lines of rats bred to differ in their voluntary alcohol consumption-the alcohol-abstaining UChA rats and the alcohol-drinking UChB rats-differ in how effectively toxic acetaldehyde is removed during alcohol metabolism. UChB animals carry efficient variants of the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) genes and have active mitochondria, resulting in fast removal of acetaidehyde. UChA animals, in contrast, carry less efficient ALDH2 variants and less active mitochondria, which result in transient elevations of acetaidehyde levels after alcohol ingestion. Cross-breeding studies have demonstrated that the presence of active mitochondria inherited from UChB females can fully abolish the reduction of alcohol consumption associated with the presence of less efficient ALDH2 variants-a phenomenon known as epistasis. These and other findings suggest that mitochondrial activity during alcohol metabolism should be considered a new modulator of alcohol consumption not only in rats but also in other species, including humans.

Associations between social vulnerability, employment conditions and hazardous alcohol consumption in Chile

Castillo Carniglia, Alvaro; Ansoleaga, Elisa
Fonte: Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Publicador: Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.35%
Artículo de publicación ISI.; Introduction and Aims Studies from many different countries have found associations between alcohol use, employment and social context. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between hazardous alcohol consumption (HAC), social vulnerability and employment conditions among Chilean adults. Design and Methods A cross-sectional study, involving analysis of the 2008 National Survey on Drugs in Chile, was conducted on 8316 economically active men and women aged between 18 and 65 years, who completed the alcohol section of the survey. The participants were selected randomly and data collected through face-to-face interviews. Multilevel analysis was used to achieve the study's objectives. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was used to define HAC. Results There were no significant associations between HAC and employment status or occupational category when controlling for potential confounders. Using the social services sector as a reference, the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of HAC was 2.60 (1.963.46) for those who worked in construction, 2.03 (1.432.89) in mining, 1.74 in agriculture (1.162.63) and in industry (1.262.39), 1.73 (1.312.28) in trade, 1.67 (1.292.16) in other services and 1.42 (1.012.00) in transport. There was no association between the socioeconomic status of the participant's neighbourhood and HAC in the fully adjusted model. The perception of neighbourhood security (third quartile of insecurity) was associated with HAC (odds ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval 1.021.46). Discussion and Conclusions HAC was independently associated with the participant's economic sector and perception of neighbourhood security in Chilean adults. It is important to perform in-depth analyses of contextual effects on individual alcohol consumption.

Patterns of association between alcohol consumption and symptoms of depression and anxiety in young adults

Davidson (previously Caldwell), Tanya; Rodgers, Bryan; Jorm, Anthony F; Christensen, Helen; Jacomb, Trish; Korten, Ailsa; Lynskey, M
Fonte: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Aims: Recent epidemiological findings indicate that non-drinkers as well as hazardous/harmful drinkers experience higher levels of distress than moderate drinkers. Little is known about the age at which this develops. This paper examines levels of affect, depression and anxiety over the full range of alcohol consumption in young adults. Design: Cross-sectional findings from the first wave of a prospective, longitudinal study are presented. Participants: The general population sample comprised of 2404 young adults (aged 20-24 years), living in the Canberra region. Measures included: the Goldberg Depression and Anxiety scales, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Findings: For men, both non/occasional and hazardous/harmful consumption were associated with lower levels of positive affect and higher levels of anxiety and depression. The higher levels of distress evident for male abstainers were related to being less extroverted and less healthy and not to past hazardous/harmful alcohol consumption, current tobacco or marijuana use. For women, only hazardous/harmful drinkers were found to have higher levels of depression and negative affect. Hazardous/harmful consumption was related to using marijuana...

Non-linear relationships between cognitive function and alcohol consumption in young, middle-aged and older adults: PATH Through Life Project

Rodgers, Bryan; Windsor, Timothy; Anstey, Kaarin; Dear, Keith; Jorm, Anthony F; Christensen, Helen
Fonte: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
Aims: To investigate associations, including non-linear relationships, between cognitive function and alcohol consumption, testing for moderating effects of age and gender and for differences across outcome measures. Design: Cross-sectional general population samples of three age cohorts. Setting: Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia. Participants: The total sample of 7485 consisted of 2404 men and women aged 20-24 years, 2530 aged 40-44 years, and 2551 aged 60-64 years, selected from the electoral rolls. Measurements: Self-report data using hand-held computers provided weekly alcohol consumption from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) frequency, quantity and binge-drinking items, and socio-emographic factors. Spot-the-Word, digits backwards, the Symbol-Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), immediate recall and reaction-time tests were conducted by trained interviewers. Findings: Findings varied across dependent variables, but there was a general tendency for light drinkers (up to 20/10g alcohol per day in men/women, respectively) to perform better than abstainers, occasional drinkers or those drinking at hazardous/harmful levels (>40/20g per day in men/women). Poorer performance of hazardous/harmful drinkers was seen only in men...

Alcohol consumption in a community sample of older people

Dent, Owen; Grayson, David A; Waite, Louise; Cullen, John; Creasey, Helen; Broe, G Anthony
Fonte: Public Health Association of Australia Publicador: Public Health Association of Australia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Objective: To examine the prevalence and pattern of alcohol use among community-living elderly Australians. Methods: A survey was conducted of randomly selected non-institutionalised people aged 75 years and older living in the inner western suburbs of Sydney. Personal interviews by trained interviewers covered background demographic information and self-reported alcohol use. Results: 72% of men and 54% of women drank alcohol. The median usual daily volume of ethanol consumed by drinkers was 10 grams for men and 1.3 grams for women. However 11% of male drinkers and 6% of female drinkers consumed at defined hazardous or harmful levels. Conclusions and implications: Although a sizeable majority of these older people were either non-drinkers or very light drinkers, a small but important proportion drank in the hazardous to harmful range. Despite increasing evidence of the health benefits of alcohol consumption it remains important to be alert for potentially harmful alcohol use among older people.

Sur la perception visuelle de la grille sinusoïdale radiale après la consommation d'alcool; Visual perception of radial sine-wave grating after the alcohol consumption; Percepção visual de grade senoidal radial após o consumo de álcool; Percepción visual de una reja de una onda senoidal radial después del consumo de alcohol

Galdino, Melyssa Kellyane Cavalcanti; Mendes, Liana Chaves; Vieira, Jákina Guimarães; Simas, Maria Lúcia de Bustamante; Santos, Natanael Antonio dos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la percepción visual de contraste en los adultos, sin consumo de alcohol y después de un consumo moderado de alcohol por parte de ellos - 0,09% de concentración de alcohol en sangre (BAC), a través de la función de sensibilidad al contraste (CSF). Participaron en los experimentos cinco voluntarias, con edades entre 21 y 30 años, con valores normales de agudeza visual. Para medir la CSF, se utilizaron radiales de onda sinusoidal rejilla de estímulos de frecuencias de 0,25, 2 e 8 ciclos por grado de ángulo visual. Se utilizó un diseño experimental o croquis, con medidas repetidas y un método psicofísico de la elección forzada. Los resultados mostraron efecto significativo de sujetos (F4, 55 = 25.518, p < 0.001), de las frecuencias (F2, 110 = 172.288, p < 0,001) y de la interacción entre las frecuencias en comparación con las condiciones en comparación con sujetos (F8, 110 = 26,806; p < 0,001). Este estudio preliminar sugiere cambios en el LCR, relacionados con el consumo moderado de alcohol.; O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a percepção visual de contraste de adultos sem a ingestão de álcool e após a ingestão moderada de álcool - 0,09% Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)...

Association of physical activity, alcohol consumption and body mass index with the quality of life of adolescents; Associação da atividade física, consumo de álcool e índice de massa corporal com a qualidade de vida de adolescentes

Gordia, Alex Pinheiro; Universidade Federal do Paraná
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; "Artigo Não Avaliado por Pares"; Descritiva Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 18/07/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.43%
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2008v10n3p313To investigate the relationship of Physical Activity Level (PAL), alcohol consumption and Body Mass Index (BMI) with the Quality of Life (QL) of adolescents. Methods: 608 adolescents, aged between 14 and 20 years participated in the study. All subjects were elementary students in the city of Lapa, Paraná State, Brazil. Body mass and stature were measured to calculate BMI. To measure socioeconomic status, QL, PAL and alcohol consumption the following instruments were used: a) ABEP questionnaire; b) WHOQOL-Bref; c) IPAQ; d) AUDIT. Statistical analysis employed Student’s t test, one-way ANOVA, binary chi-square test and multinomial logistic regression. Results: Adolescents who were less active, probably dependent on alcohol, obese and female were the most vulnerable groups to having low QL. The majority of adolescents had high PAL (76,8%) or moderate PAL (20,9%) and only 2.3% had low PAL. Female adolescents and students who studied during the mornings constituted the group at risk of low PAL. The majority of students investigated presented reduced levels of alcohol consumption, however, 17.4% of adolescents presented at-risk alcohol consumption, 4.6% were high risk and 2.4% were probable alcohol dependents. The older male adolescents and evening students were the most vulnerable group for alcohol consumption. The prevalence rates of underweight...

Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer

Coronado,Gloria D; Beasley,Jeannette; Livaudais,Jennifer
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Epidemiologic studies addressing the association of alcohol consumption with breast cancer consistently suggest a modest association and a dose-response relationship. The epidemiologic evidence does not point to a single mechanism to explain the association, and several mechanisms have been proposed. Alcohol consumption is shown to increase levels of endogenous estrogens, known risk factors for breast cancer. This hypothesis is further supported by data showing that the alcohol-breast cancer association is limited to women with estrogen-receptor positive tumors. Products of alcohol metabolism are known to be toxic and are hypothesized to cause DNA modifications that lead to cancer. Recent research has focused on genes that influence the rate of alcohol metabolism, with genes that raise blood concentrations of acetaldehyde hypothesized to heighten breast cancer risk. Mounting evidence suggests that antioxidant intake(e.g.folate)mayreducealcohol-associatedbreast cancer risk, because it neutralizes reactive oxygen species, a second-stage product of alcohol metabolism. Diets lacking sufficient antioxidant intake, as a result, may further elevate the risk of breast cancer among alcohol consumers. Given that alcohol consumption is increasing worldwide and especially among women in countries of rapid economic growth...

Ethnography in an emergency room: evaluating patients with alcohol consumption

Mondragón,Liliana; Romero,Martha; Borges,Guilherme
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJECTIVE:To present an ethnographic description of the treatment of patients with excessive alcohol consumption in an emergency room, how they are evaluated by doctors, and the various contextual aspects surrounding this condition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ethnographic work was carried out over a period of two months, with researchers working 24 hours a day, seven days a week from January 9 to March 15, 2002 in the emergency room (ER) at General Hospital, Mexico City. RESULTS: Patients that had consumed alcohol and were admitted to the ER had to wait longer than others to be treated for their intoxication to wear off and for their sometimes aggressive attitude to become calm. The rejection of the alcoholized patients was expressed through scolding to persuade alcohol-dependent patients or those that abused alcohol to reduce their consumption. CONCLUSION: The theoretical and methodological approach of the ethnographic observation enables reflection on the social and cultural mechanisms related to this health problem.

"I drink": Mothers' alcohol consumption as both individualised and imposed occupation

Cloete,Lizahn G; Ramugondo,Elelwani L
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.45%
INTRODUCTION: Occupational engagement is shaped by a person's history and the environment in which they live. Alcohol consumption as occupation may provide meaning for some, and may develop and change over a lifetime as shaped by environmental and historical context. The influence of contextual factors on alcohol consumption during pregnancy is explored in the current paper by exploring whether maternal alcohol consumption is an occupation of choice, or if the context presses for excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy for certain communities. METHODOLOGY: A qualitative, instrumental case study was undertaken to focus on the occupational engagement of three black female participants within a rural community of low socio-economic status in the Western Cape, South Africa. Data were collected using extensive naturalistic observation and semi-structured interviews. A three-stage inductive thematic analysis was done. FINDINGS: Four themes emerged from the study; nothing comes easy, trying to make this life bearable, rekindling hope, and baking bread with little. These themes demonstrate the manner in which cultural, economic and political conditions play a pertinent role in the lives of these three women and how maternal alcohol consumption emerges within context...

Ethnography in an emergency room: evaluating patients with alcohol consumption

Mondragón,Liliana; Romero,Martha; Borges,Guilherme
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
OBJECTIVE:To present an ethnographic description of the treatment of patients with excessive alcohol consumption in an emergency room, how they are evaluated by doctors, and the various contextual aspects surrounding this condition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ethnographic work was carried out over a period of two months, with researchers working 24 hours a day, seven days a week from January 9 to March 15, 2002 in the emergency room (ER) at General Hospital, Mexico City. RESULTS: Patients that had consumed alcohol and were admitted to the ER had to wait longer than others to be treated for their intoxication to wear off and for their sometimes aggressive attitude to become calm. The rejection of the alcoholized patients was expressed through scolding to persuade alcohol-dependent patients or those that abused alcohol to reduce their consumption. CONCLUSION: The theoretical and methodological approach of the ethnographic observation enables reflection on the social and cultural mechanisms related to this health problem.

Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer

Coronado,Gloria D; Beasley,Jeannette; Livaudais,Jennifer
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 Português
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Epidemiologic studies addressing the association of alcohol consumption with breast cancer consistently suggest a modest association and a dose-response relationship. The epidemiologic evidence does not point to a single mechanism to explain the association, and several mechanisms have been proposed. Alcohol consumption is shown to increase levels of endogenous estrogens, known risk factors for breast cancer. This hypothesis is further supported by data showing that the alcohol-breast cancer association is limited to women with estrogen-receptor positive tumors. Products of alcohol metabolism are known to be toxic and are hypothesized to cause DNA modifications that lead to cancer. Recent research has focused on genes that influence the rate of alcohol metabolism, with genes that raise blood concentrations of acetaldehyde hypothesized to heighten breast cancer risk. Mounting evidence suggests that antioxidant intake(e.g.folate)mayreducealcohol-associatedbreast cancer risk, because it neutralizes reactive oxygen species, a second-stage product of alcohol metabolism. Diets lacking sufficient antioxidant intake, as a result, may further elevate the risk of breast cancer among alcohol consumers. Given that alcohol consumption is increasing worldwide and especially among women in countries of rapid economic growth...