Página 1 dos resultados de 521 itens digitais encontrados em 0.008 segundos

East Asian Finance : The Road to Robust Markets

Ghosh, Swati R.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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This study analyzes the key issues and constraints - in terms of efficiency, access and safety and soundness - faced by East Asian countries in developing their financial markets which are at different stages of development, drawing on global experience. The study takes stock of the initiatives being undertaken at the regional level to foster greater financial integration as a means of deepening and diversifying financial markets, and on the policy issues that need to be addressed at the domestic level to deepen and diversify financial markets and to actually benefit from the actions that are being taken at the regional level.

Proceedings of the Climate Investment Funds, 2010 Partnership Forum, March 18-19, 2010, Manila, Philippines

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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75.98%
The second Climate Investment Funds (CIF) partnership forum took place at the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Manila, Philippines, on March 18-19, 2010. The objective of the 2010 partnership forum was to share lessons learned from the CIF design process and from early implementation of CIF-funded programs. The forum aimed to provide an open, transparent and constructive platform for dialogue on knowledge gained to date and to extract practical lessons learned by which to inform further implementation of the CIF. In particular, the partnership forum aimed to provide an opportunity to share early implementation lessons drawn from country-level activities of the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) and programs under the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), particularly the Pilot Program on Climate Resilience (PPCR), and the first SCF program to advance to implementation stage.

India Earthquake 8th October 2005, Jammu and Kashmir : Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment

Asian Development Bank; United Nations; World Bank
Fonte: New Delhi Publicador: New Delhi
Português
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76.06%
This report provides an assessment of damages and needs resulting from the earthquake that struck India on the 8m of October 2005. It provides a preliminary estimate of the total cost of damage identifies the needs for reconstruction and discusses strategies and guiding principles for the implementation for a program of reconstruction, the whole based on a need to mitigate future impact of natural disasters through the strengthening of disaster risk management. The report was prepared in response to the Government of India (Department of Economic Affairs) and was undertaken by the United Nations, World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. A team of experts drawn from the three institutions visited the worst affected areas of Jammu and Kashmir to undertake the assessment. The assessment mission comprised experts and specialists drawn from all relevant disciplines so as to be able to prepare a multi-sectoral report of damage, loss, recovery and reconstruction options, as comprehensive as possible given the very limited amount of time able to conduct field visits. The assessment team expresses its appreciation to all authorities for their support and assistance in terms of access to information and availability for discussion. Particular thanks are expressed to the Divisional Commissioner and his team for facilitating logistics and security during our stay in Srinagar and for transportation to the affected areas...

Strategic Directions for Human Development in Papua New Guinea

Asian Development Bank; Australian Agency for International Development; World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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96.13%
There is an emerging consensus in Papua New Guinea (PNG) -- both at the governmental level and among civil society more generally -- that human development outcomes are far less than satisfactory and that service provision in many parts of the country is collapsing despite the significant level of both government and development partner financing of the human development sectors. In response, the government and the Joint Donors -- the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAid), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the World Bank -- embarked on a Human Development Review to suggest options for improving human development outcomes and government expenditure efficiency. In this review of strategy options for health, HIV/AIDS, and education, it is argued that human development sectors are at an important crossroad with a large unfinished agenda and a range of critical challenges.

Post-Crisis Growth in Developing Countries : A Special Report of the Commission on Growth and Development on the Implications of the 2008 Financial Crisis

Commission on Growth and Development
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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#advanced countries, advanced economies, aggregate demand, arbitrage, Asian Bond Market, Asset Backed Securities, Asset prices, Backed Security, balance sheet, balance sheets, bank balance sheets, bank credit, bank intermediation, banking crises, banking system, banking systems, bond, bond markets, bond yields, borrower, borrowing costs, Budget deficits, budget surplus, budget surpluses, capital accounts, capital controls, capital flows, Capital Formation, capital gains, capital inflows, capital requirements, cash transfers, Central Bank, central banks, channels of credit, co-ordination failure, collateral, collateral for loans, commercial paper, Commodity, commodity price, Commodity prices, conflicts of interest, consumer durables, consumer spending, contingent liabilities, country to country, credibility, credit constraints, credit increases, Credit Line, credit provision, credit quality, credit spreads, credit system, creditors, creditworthiness, Currency, currency mismatches, Debt, debt markets, Debt Obligation, debts, defaults, Deposit, derivative, derivative instruments, derivatives, Developing Countries, developing country, developing economies, Development Bank, disclosure requirements, domestic banks, domestic capital, domestic capital markets, domestic market, Economic Development, efficient markets, emerging economies, emerging markets, equipment, Exchange Commission, exchange rate, exporters, exposure, external financing, Federal Deposit Insurance, Federal Reserve, Finance Corporation, finances, financial assets, financial crises, Financial Crisis, Financial Development, financial fragility, financial instability, Financial Institution, financial institutions, financial instruments, financial liberalization, financial markets, financial risk, Financial Sector, Financial Sector Development, financial sectors, financial stability, financial structure, financial system, Financial Systems, fiscal deficit, Fiscal Deficits, fiscal policies, fiscal policy, fixed exchange rates, floating exchange rate, flow of credit, foreign capital, Global Capital, Global Capital Markets, Global Economy, global finance, global financial system, global market, Globalization, government guarantees, government investment, government ownership, Gross Domestic Product, holding, holdings, home market, household saving, income levels, incomes, indebted households, inflation, inflation risk, inflationary pressure, instrument, insurance companies, Insurance Corporation, insurance premium, International Bank, International Business, International Cooperation, International Development, International Economics, International Finance, international financial institutions, international harmonization, international trade, inventory, investment banks, investment funds, Investment Vehicles, labor markets, liquidity, Loan, local market, long-term interest, long-term interest rates, macroeconomic policy, macroeconomic stability, margin requirements, market economies, market economy, maturity, Monetary Authority, Monetary Fund, monetary policy, Mortgage, mortgage-backed securities, opportunity costs, pensions, Political Economy, price risk, price stability, Private banks, private capital, private capital flows, private credit, public debt, Public Finance, public finances, public investment, regulatory constraints, regulatory standards, regulatory structures, regulatory system, Reserve, reserves, return, returns, safety net, safety nets, Savings, savings accounts, savings rate, self-regulation, shareholders, short-term capital, short-term interest rates, solvency, Stock markets, stocks, swap, Swaps, T-Bill, T-Bills, tax, trade finance, trading, trading system, Treasury, Treasury Bills, volatile capital, volatility, withdrawal, world economy
In May 2008, the Commission released the growth report: strategies for sustained growth and inclusive development. At that time, the financial systems of the United States and Europe were under stress. Commodity prices were also spiking, posing particular difficulties for developing countries because of the impact on the poor and on potential future inflation. But no one foresaw the full magnitude of the crisis that erupted in the fall of 2008, more than a year ago. The crisis was a destructive malfunction of the financial sectors of the advanced economies, which spread rapidly to the real economy and to the rest of the globe. Even countries far from the source of the crisis had to cope with capital volatility, tight credit, and rapidly falling trade. At the request of several members of the Commission, Commission held a workshop on the crisis and its implications for developing countries. Commission followed standard procedure of asking for help and insight from a distinguished group of scholars, analysts, and practitioners. This report is an outgrowth of that process. It is an attempt to look at the crisis and its aftermath from the point of view of developing countries. Commission wanted to assess the impact of these events, and determine if the growth strategies recommended needed major revision...

Cyclone Phailin in Odisha, October 2013 : Rapid Damage and Needs Assessment Report

Government of Odisha; Asian Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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86.08%
The severe cyclone storm "Phailin" that hit the coast of Odisha on October 12, 2013, brought with it very high speed winds and heavy rainfall that caused extensive damages particularly to houses, standing crops, power and communication infrastructure in the coastal districts of the state. The need to immediately start recovery and reconstruction work after Cyclone Phailin, especially in the affected districts, has prompted the state government, in collaboration with the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, to initiate an assessment of the recovery needs in order to draw up a comprehensive recovery framework. This rapid damage and needs assessment report details the damage caused due to the storm, and the action taken for effective recovery after the impact. It provides a detailed analysis of the affected sectors, the extent of damages sustained, the reconstruction and recovery needs, and the recovery strategy.

E-GP Functional Specifications

Asian Development Bank; Inter-American Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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75.99%
Authorities in developed and newly developing countries alike have been seeking to reform and strengthen the governance and management frameworks around their systems of public procurement. Their objectives have been to enhance effective management, reduce the risk of corruption, promote economic activity, and strengthen policy and strategic development. Increasingly an important part of these reforms has become the systematic application of technology to the processes of public procurement, including in the advertising of business opportunities, management of information and workflows, document delivery, purchase orders and transactions. This systematic application of technology to government procurement, or e-Government Procurement (e-GP), can lead to a substantial automation of the procurement process but requires significant reforms and process improvements in the management of procurement. These reforms have seen the introduction of new procurement laws and regulations, the introduction of new training for public procurement officers...

Mulitlateral Development Bank International Survey of e-Procurement Systems

Soontiens, Werner; Miyamoto, Tadayuki; Egan, Victor; Schapper, Paul; McDermont, David; Vargas, Jorge Enrique
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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76.02%
This survey of e-procurement systems in Asia/Oceania, South America and Europe was funded by the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank. It is a project of the Multilateral Development Bank (MDB) harmonization of e-procurement group. The survey was developed by Curtin University and International Governance Solutions using an experienced research and consultancy team. The survey covered systems in fourteen countries, which vary in size of the procurement market, the degree of integration of systems and degree of centralized management of procurement. While there is clear evidence as to how common issues were addressed, the relatively small number of countries involved makes identifying some trends difficult.

A Globalized Market--Opportunities and Risks for the Poor : Global Poverty Report 2001

African Development Bank; Asian Development Bank; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Inter-American Development Bank; International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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66.04%
The Global Poverty Report considers the effects of globalizing markets on poverty in developing countries. It outlines the channels through which increased trade openness can affect poverty and examines the evidence from four regions: Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Written at the request of the G8, the report is the result of a joint effort of the regional development banks, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. Increased openness can affect an economy in various ways, creating opportunities for the poor as well as risks. First, it can affect the prices of goods and services that the poor consume and produce, benefiting those who are net consumers of goods that become cheaper and those who can obtain higher prices for their products on international markets. Second, it can affect the demand for and returns to factors of production that the poor have to offer, such as labor. Third, it can affect government revenue and the resources available for antipoverty programs. Fourth...

Public-Private Partnerships : Reference Guide, Version 2.0

World Bank; Asian Development Bank; Inter-American Development Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC; Asian Development Bank, Mandaluyong City, Philippines; Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC; Asian Development Bank, Mandaluyong City, Philippines; Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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86.15%
A growing number of developing country governments are interested in using public-private partnerships (PPPs) to provide public infrastructure assets and services. The PPP reference guide seeks to provide advice on what PPP practitioners should know, rather than provide advice on what to do. The guide sets out the main topics, looks at the key issues that must be addressed, and provides what one consider the most important references that PPP practitioners can turn to for answers and to enhance one knowledge and understanding. It is structured into separate sections that focus on three main areas, firstly what are PPPs, when may they be used and the advantages and disadvantages relative to public provision; secondly the policy, legal, and institutional frameworks that should be put into place to help improve effectiveness; and finally the ways in which PPP projects can be developed and implemented. It introduces key topics on PPP, sets out options, and directs readers to examples, and key references where one can find out more. This guide provides new resources and updated examples.

The Banking and Financial Sector of Lao PDR : Financial Sector Note

Asian Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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During the second half of the 1980s, Lao PDR embarked on an ambitious program of economic reforms, called the New Economic Mechanism, whose main purpose was to gradually transform its centrally-planned economy into a market-oriented economy. The initial reform momentum lasted about one decade. The far-reaching reform program encompassed many critical components including: (a) promotion of private production through improved incentives; (b) institutional infrastructure to improve market economy operations; (c) the strengthening of Lao comparative advantages through trade liberalization and further specialization; and (d) the establishment of price stability through macroeconomic policy measures. The systemic changes introduced in Lao PDR have contributed to a significant transformation of the country s economic system, away from a rigorously centrally-planned economy and towards a form of market economy based on private ownership. The percentage of poor declined based on the national poverty line from 45 to 39 percent between 1992-93 and 1997-982. But the percentage of very poor did not decline and remained at slightly above 30 percent evidencing the need for even broader and faster growth. Moreover...

The Investment Climate Assessment 2014 : Creating Opportunities for Firms in Cambodia

World Bank; Asian Development Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Phnom Penh Publicador: World Bank, Phnom Penh
Português
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76.11%
Over the past decade, Cambodia has more than halved its rate of poverty thanks to economic growth averaging 8 percent per annum, strong export performance, and positive changes to the investment climate. Cambodia is an attractive investment destination as it is strategically located at the center of Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), creating significant opportunities for integration into regional and global value chains. With a changing global environment, Cambodia is likely to face increasing challenges maintaining and expanding market access in a dynamic and highly competitive region. The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) recognizes the importance of enhancing the investment environment and has initiated a series of reforms. Progress has been greatest on trade facilitation, as reflected by the impressive improvement in Cambodias ranking on the World Banks logistics performance index (LPI). Despite the governments effort at introducing reforms to improve the investment climate, the business environment continues to hamper the competitiveness of firms in Cambodia. The RGCs rectangular strategy identifies the importance of automated trade and business processes...

Liberalization and Foreign Direct Investment in Asian Transport Systems: The Case of Aviation

Findlay, C.; Goldstein, A.
Fonte: Asian Development Bank Publicador: Asian Development Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
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75.99%
© 2004 Asian Development Bank

Conditionality, coercion and other forms of 'power': international financial institutions in the Pacific

Larmour, Peter
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 104742 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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66.04%
Conditionality Recent relationships between Papua New Guinea (PNG), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the World Bank have been stormy. At various points in the loan negotiations students rioted, the Prime Minister told the World Bank to ‘go to hell’, and the World Bank’s chief negotiator defected to the PNG side. He was later jailed. The relationship between the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and its South Pacific clients were also sometimes uneasy, and led its Board of Directors to commission a self-assessment. The article compares the use of loan conditions by the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) in Papua New Guinea and six small island states of the South Pacific. In spite of their juridical sovereignty, their small size may make them particularly vulnerable to international pressure. It is part of a wider study of ‘institutional transfer ’ which sees ‘conditionality’ as one of the mechanisms by which institutions are borrowed, transplanted or imposed on other countries. Conditionality lies on a continuum that runs from voluntary ‘lesson drawing’ at one extreme, to direct imposition of a policy on the other.; Kumul Scholars International papers from the Conference in Canberra, Australia in July 2002; no

Downstream Impacts of Water Pollution in the Upper Citarum River, West Java, Indonesia : Economic Assessment of Interventions to Improve Water Quality

Asian Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Asian Development Bank, Manila and World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: Asian Development Bank, Manila and World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Português
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The Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) of the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) commenced in East Asia and the Pacific region in 2006 to generate and disseminate economic evidence on sanitation. A phase one study in five countries of the region, including Indonesia, assessed the economic costs of inadequate sanitation to raise the profile of sanitation nationally. A phase two study compared the costs with the benefits of a range of sanitation intervention options in five physical locations in Indonesia, to assist decision makers in their choice of sanitation technology and delivery method. Since the demonstrated successes of ESI in the East Asia and Pacific region, ESI has become a global flagship program of WSP. However, some economic benefits have not been fully evaluated in monetary terms because of methodological difficulties in valuing nonmarket impacts, the paucity of underlying data sets, and the difficulties inherent in attributing observed impacts to poor sanitation. Among these hard-to-measure benefits are the impacts of poor sanitation on water resources. Hence...

Nepal : Financial Sector Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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66.15%
Although financial institutions have proliferated, the Nepalese people have not yet reaped the potential gains of the government's efforts to liberalize and reform the financial sector. There are four main reasons for this: excessive government involvement in the sector, a weak central bank, a poor banking environment, and a lack of adequate banking services for the poor. The financial sector also faces other issues that impede its development such as a poorly functioning credit bureau, risky finance companies, a ceiling on foreign ownership, limited financial services, poor accounting standards, and limited use of information technology. In November 2000 the government issued a paper outlining its proposed financial sector reform program for the medium term, one which touches on all the major issues and provides sufficient basis for undertaking far-reaching reforms. While the government has committed to withdrawing from the sector as owner and operator, this study makes recommendations for making the government's strategy fully implementable. Recommendations center on five important principles: Withdrawing the government from ownership of financial institutions. Significantly strengthening the central bank to make it a fully professional institution. Restructuring the Asian Development Bank of Nepal and closing the Nepal Industrial Development Corporation. And creating an appropriate environment for establishing a sound financial sector.

Country Gender Assessment for Lao PDR : Reducing Vulnerability and Increasing Opportunity

Asian Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Manila Publicador: Manila
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Gender Assessment (CGA); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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76.08%
Since the introduction of economic reforms in the mid-1980s, strong growth and development have lifted thousands of poor women and men out of poverty, changing traditional ways of life in Lao PDR. In this environment of change, gender relations, within the family, village and society at large, are changing too. Gender equality is a core development objective. It is also smart economics. Greater gender equality can enhance productivity, improve development outcomes for the next generation, and make institutions more representative. As Lao PDR continues its development, the empowerment of women and girls will be a key to translating the country's economic growth and the energies of its young people into improved living standards that benefit women and men alike. This assessment synthesizes information and findings from recent literature and research on gender issues in Lao PDR for the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank's (WB) country partnership strategies. The assessment is planned to contribute not only to the work of the ADB and the WB...

Nepal and Bangladesh - Transport and HIV Portfolio Review and Situation Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study
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This review report focuses on the HIV component of the World Bank Bangladesh and Nepal transport infrastructure projects as at the end of 2009. This report is prepared with the following three objectives: 1) knowledge improved and lessons learned from HIV and AIDS activities developed within the road projects financed by the World Bank in Bangladesh and Nepal as of the end of 2009; 2) knowledge base built on current HIV and AIDS programs in the transport sector in Bangladesh and Nepal to serve as a reference for future World Bank projects in the transport sector in South Asia; 3) guidance provided to the draft regional strategy for HIV prevention in the transport sector of the Bank's South Asia region. The World Bank has a comparative advantage in promoting the inclusion of a transport sector response within the new national AIDS strategies being formulated for Bangladesh in 2010 and Nepal in 2011. The Bank may consider making the model HIV clause in the transport projects mandatory, consistent with other funders...

Connecting East Asia : A New Framework for Infrastructure

Asian Development Bank; World Bank; Japan Bank for International Cooperation
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
106.21%
Infrastructure development has made a major contribution to East Asia's enviable record on growth and poverty reduction. However, substantial new investments in infrastructure and service delivery improvements will be required to sustain progress in the future, and to address new challenges posed by urbanization, decentralization, and regional integration. At the same time, questions have often been raised about the impact of infrastructure on the environment and local communities, about waste through corruption in public spending and private contracts, and about the appropriate roles of the public and private sectors in infrastructure financing, ownership, and management. These questions are the motivation for this study by the Asian Development Bank, the Japan Bank for International Cooperation, and the World Bank. The three agencies support infrastructure development through project financing and guarantees, as well as by assisting governments to put in place policies to improve public sector performance...

Liberalizing Trade in Agriculture: Developing Countries in Asia and the Post-Doha Agenda; ?

Wilson, John S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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76.14%
The author provides an overview and data relevant to the interests of developing countries as they engage in continuing agricultural trade negotiations set forth in the World Trade Organization Ministerial held in Doha, Qatar in November 2001. He examines country performance in agricultural trade, income levels, and population characteristics, with a focus on developing country members of the Asian Development Bank. The author concludes that trends in agricultural trade in the past 10 years are quite heterogeneous across developing regions. Shares of agriculture in GDP are still high in the East Asia and Pacific and South Asia regions. Moreover, data indicate that trade reform in export partners, particularly OECD countries, will affect a significant share of the population in these developing countries, resulting in rural poverty alleviation. Trade liberalization is expected to benefit net exporter countries, particularly those that are highly open to trade. What is also important, but often neglected, is a country's pattern of specialization between domestic supply and exports. The impact of trade reform through the WTO negotiations...