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Comparison of bioelectrical impedance with skinfold thickness and x-ray absorptiometry to measure body composition in HIV-infected with lipodistrophy

VASSIMON, H. Siqueira; JORDAO, A. A.; PAULA, F. J. Albuquerque de; MACHADO, A. Artioli; MONTEIRO, J. Pontes
Fonte: AULA MEDICA EDICIONES Publicador: AULA MEDICA EDICIONES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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36.34%
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)associated lipodystrophy syndrome (LS) includes body composition and metabolic alterations. Lack of validated criteria and tools make difficult to evaluate body composition in this group. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare different methods to evaluate body composition between Brazilians HIV subjects with (HIV+LIPO+) or without LS (HIV+LIPO-) and healthy subjects (Control). Methods: in a cross-sectional analyses, body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), skinfold thickness (SF) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 10 subjects from HIV+LIPO+ group; 22 subjects from HIV+LIPO- group and 12 from Control group. Results: There were no differences in age and body mass index (BMI) between groups. The fat mass (FM) (%) estimated by SF did not correlate with DXA in HIV+LIPO+ group (r = 0,46/p >0,05) and had fair agreement in both HIV groups (HIV+LIPO+ =0,35/ HIV+ LIPO- = 0,40). BIA had significant correlation in all groups (p < 0,05) and strong agreement, meanly in HIV groups, for FM (HIV+LIPO+ = 0,79/ HIV+LIPO- = 0,85/Control = 0,60) and for fat free mass (FFM) (HIV+LIPO+ = 0,93/ HIV+LIPO- = 0,92 / Control = 0,73). Discussion: Total fat mass can be measured by BIA with good precision...

Indices of body fat distribution for assessment of lipodysthrophy in people living with HIV/AIDS

Segatto, Aline Francielle Mota; Junior, Ismael Forte Freitas; Santos, Vanessa Ribeiro Dos; Alves, Kelly Cristina de Lima Ramos Pinto; Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida; Filho, Alexandre Martins Portelinha; Monteiro, Henrique Luiz
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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36.49%
Background: Metabolic and morphological changes associated with excessive abdominal fat, after the introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA). Accurate methods for body composition analysis are expensive and the use of anthropometric indices is an alternative. However the investigations about this subject in PLWHA are rare, making this research very important for clinical purpose and to advance scientific knowledge. The aim of this study is to correlate results of anthropometric indices of evaluation of body fat distribution with the results obtained by Dual-energy X-Ray Absorptiometry(DEXA) , in people living with HIV/AIDS. Methods. The sample was of 67 PLWHA(39 male and 28 female), aged 43.6+7.9 years. Body mass index, conicity index, waist/hip ratio, waist/height ratio and waist/thigh were calculated. Separated by sex, each index/ratio was plotted in a scatter chart with linear regression fit and their respective Pearson correlation coefficients. Analyses were performed using Prism statistical program and significance was set at 5%. Results: The waist/height ratio presented the highest correlation coefficient, for both male (r=0.80, p<0.001) and female (r=0.87...

The relationship between visceral fat thickness and bone mineral density in sedentary obese children and adolescents

Júnior, Ismael Forte Freitas; Cardoso, Jefferson Rosa; Christofaro, Diego G Destro; Codogno, Jamile Sanches; de Moraes, Augusto César Ferreira; Fernandes, Rômulo Araújo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Background: Among adults, obesity has been positively related to bone mineral density. However, recent findings have pointed out that abdominal obesity could be negatively related to bone density. The above mentioned relationship is not clear among pediatric populations. Therefore, this cross-sectional study analyzed the relationship between thickness of abdominal adipose tissue and bone mineral variables in sedentary obese children and adolescents.Methods: One hundred and seventy five obese children and adolescents (83 male and 92 female) with ages ranging from 6 to 16 years-old were analyzed. Bone mineral content and density were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and ultrasound equipment which estimated the thickness of the abdominal adipose tissue. Pubertal stage was self-reported by the participants.Results: The mean age was 11.1 (SD = 2.6). Thickness of the abdominal adipose tissue was negatively related to bone mineral density (r = -0.17 [r95%CI: -0.03;-0.32]), independent of gender, pubertal stage and other confounders (β = -0.134 ± 0.042 [β95%CI: -0.217; -0.050]).Conclusions: In sedentary obese children and adolescents abdominal obesity is negatively related to bone mineral density, suggesting a potential link between abdominal obesity and osteoporosis. © 2013 Júnior et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Methods for nurses to measure body composition

Moran,Jose Maria; Lavado-Garcia,Jesus Maria; Pedrera-Zamorano,Juan Diego
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
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Among the methods available for assessing body composition, traditional methods like hydrodensitometry and skin-fold measurements are well known. In this review, we focus on the impedance and interactance methods, which use systems that are usually inexpensive, easily transportable and simple to operate. We also discuss the usefulness of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, particularly for the measurement of fat distribution. Nurses need to be skilled in the use of the equipment and familiar with the techniques.

Irreversible bone loss in osteomalacia. Comparison of radial photon absorptiometry with iliac bone histomorphometry during treatment.

Parfitt, A M; Rao, D S; Stanciu, J; Villanueva, A R; Kleerekoper, M; Frame, B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1985 Português
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26.61%
We examined the relationships between the changes in bone mineral deficit in the radius, determined by single-energy photon absorptiometry at standard proximal and distal sites, and in the ilium, determined by bone histomorphometry, during the treatment of osteomalacia of diverse etiology in 28 patients. In the ilium, relative osteoid volume decreased by 75-80% in both cortical bone (from 6.0% to 1.5%) and trabecular bone (from 30.1% to 6.6%) during a mean treatment duration of 2 yr. There was also a significant fall in iliac cortical porosity from 10.3% to 7.8%. As a result, mineralized bone volume increased by 7.5% in cortical and by 40.1% in trabecular bone; the cortical and trabecular increments were correlated (r = 0.69, P less than 0.001). The properly weighted increase for the entire tissue sample was 18.6%. By contrast, there was no change in bone mineral at either radial site, although there was a 2% increase at both sites when allowance was made for age-related bone loss during treatment. The proximal and distal age-adjusted increments was correlated (r = 0.76, P less than 0.001), but there was no correlation between the changes in any photon absorptiometric and any histomorphometric index. In that iliac cortical bone turnover in normal subjects was 7.2%/yr...

Usefulness of bone mass measurements by photon absorptiometry.

Hassager, C; Christiansen, C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.68%
We compared three different methods of measuring bone mass for their diagnostic value and their usefulness in follow-up measurements. The three methods were: measurement of (1) bone mineral content in the distal forearm by single photon (125I) absorptiometry, (2) bone mineral content and bone mineral density of the lumbar spine measured by dual photon (153Gd) absorptiometry, and (3) total body bone mineral and total body bone density also measured by dual photon (153Gd) absorptiometry. The diagnostic validity was evaluated from measurements on healthy premenopausal women, and three groups of postmenopausal osteoporotic women (prior forearm fracture (N = 45), prior spine fracture (N = 46), or prior hip fracture (N = 27]. The forearm measurement separated all three osteoporotic groups from the premenopausal women at least as well as the spine measurement. The value of follow-up procedures was estimated using data from a clinical trial on prevention of postmenopausal bone loss by sex hormones. Fewer participants are needed in clinical trials when a forearm scanner is used instead of a spine scanner, because of the better precision of the former. The forearm scanner seems to be the best tool of the three for bone mass measurements, in both clinical practice and for research purposes.

Body composition and age in African American and Caucasian women: relationship to plasma leptin levels and gonadal steroids

Perry, H.; Morley, J.; Horowitz, M.; Kaiser, F.; Miller, D.; Wittert, G.
Fonte: W B SAUNDERS CO Publicador: W B SAUNDERS CO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 Português
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Leptin is a recently isolated peptide hormone released from adipocytes that has been postulated to play a role in appetite regulation and energy metabolism. Aging affects both food intake and body composition. Body composition is also affected by ethnicity. We have evaluated the relationships between serum leptin levels, age, body composition (by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry), and hormonal parameters in a cross-sectional study of 94 women, 53 African-American (AAF) and 41 Caucasian (CF). Our hypotheses were as follows: (1) changes in body composition would be related to age in a sinusoidal pattern, (2) changes in serum leptin would parallel changes in body fat, (3) serum leptin levels would be influenced by body fat distribution, and (4) serum leptin would be related to serum concentrations of sex hormones. Serum leptin paralleled changes in body fat and body mass index (BMI) with age. In the entire group, serum leptin correlated closely with measures of body fat, including BMI and total fat mass, and there was no difference in leptin levels between the two ethnic groups. In simple regression analysis, serum leptin was related to both serum estradiol and testosterone. The relationship between serum leptin and trunk fat was linear in both groups...

Lifestyle factors associated with age-related differences in body composition: the Florey Adelaide Male Aging Study

Atlantis, E.; Martin, S.; Haren, M.; Taylor, A.; Wittert, G.
Fonte: Amer Soc Clinical Nutrition Publicador: Amer Soc Clinical Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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BACKGROUND: Age-related change in body composition is associated with adverse health outcomes, including functional decline, disability, morbidity, and early mortality. Prevention of age-related changes requires a greater understanding of the associations among age, lifestyle factors, and body composition. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to comprehensively determine lifestyle factors associated with age-related differences in body composition assessed by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. DESIGN: We analyzed baseline (cross-sectional) data collected from 2002 to 2005 for approximately 1200 men in the Florey Adelaide Male Aging Study, a regionally representative cohort of Australian men aged 35-81 y. RESULTS: Mean values for whole-body lean mass (LM) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) decreased, whereas mean values for abdominal fat mass (FM) and whole-body and abdominal percentage FM (%FM) increased with age. No significant age-related differences were found for whole-body FM. Multiple adjusted odds of being in the highest tertiles for whole-body and abdominal %FM decreased for smokers (63-71%) but increased with age group and for lowest energy (43-50%), carbohydrate (92-107%), and fiber (107%) intake tertiles. Multiple adjusted odds of being in the highest aBMD tertile decreased for lowest body mass (92%) and carbohydrate intake (63%) tertiles and for men aged > or = 75 y (78%) but increased for Australian birth (58%) and for participation in vigorous physical activities (82%). CONCLUSIONS: Age-related differences in body composition indicate that whole-body FM remains stable but increases viscerally and that whole-body %FM is confounded by LM...

Plasma adiponectin levels are markedly elevated in imatinib-treated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients: A mechanism for improved insulin sensitivity in Type 2 diabetic CML patients?

Fitter, S.; Vandyke, K.; Schultz, C.; White, D.; Hughes, T.; Zannettino, A.
Fonte: Endocrine Society Publicador: Endocrine Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Context: The mechanism(s) by which imatinib improves glycemic control in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients with type 2 diabetes remains unclear. Objective: Adiponectin is an important regulator of insulin sensitivity that is secreted exclusively by adipocytes. We previously reported that imatinib promotes adipocytic differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells. We therefore hypothesized that imatinib therapy would be associated with an increase in peripheral and intramedullary adiposity and elevated plasma adiponectin levels. Research Design and Methods: Adiponectin levels in CML patient plasma, at diagnosis and then during imatinib mesylate therapy, was measured using an ELISA. Adiponectin multimers in plasma were analyzed using nondenaturing PAGE and immunoblotting. Intramedullary adiposity and adipose tissue mass was determined using histomorphometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, respectively. Results: In CML patients, an increase in intramedullary and peripheral adiposity was observed after 6 months of imatinib therapy and plasma adiponectin levels, in the form of high- and low-molecular-weight complexes, were elevated 3-fold, compared with pretreatment levels, after 3, 6, and 12 months of therapy. Conclusions: Elevated adiponectin levels in imatinib-treated CML patients provide a possible mechanism for improved glucose and lipid metabolism reported for some imatinib-treated patients.; Stephen Fitter...

Metformin in gestational diabetes: The Offspring Follow-Up (MiG TOFU): body composition at 2 years of age

Rowan, J.; Rush, E.; Obolonkin, V.; Battin, M.; Wouldes, T.; Hague, W.
Fonte: Amer Diabetes Assoc Publicador: Amer Diabetes Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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OBJECTIVE: In women with gestational diabetes mellitus, who were randomized to metformin or insulin treatment, pregnancy outcomes were similar (Metformin in Gestational diabetes [MiG] trial). Metformin crosses the placenta, so it is important to assess potential effects on growth of the children. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In Auckland, New Zealand, and Adelaide, Australia, women who had participated in the MiG trial were reviewed when their children were 2 years old. Body composition was measured in 154 and 164 children whose mothers had been randomized to metformin and insulin, respectively. Children were assessed with anthropometry, bioimpedance, and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), using standard methods. RESULTS: The children were similar for baseline maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. In the metformin group, compared with the insulin group, children had larger mid-upper arm circumferences (17.2 6 1.5 vs. 16.7 6 1.5 cm; P = 0.002) and subscapular (6.3 6 1.9 vs. 6.0 6 1.7 mm; P = 0.02) and biceps skinfolds (6.03 6 1.9 vs. 5.6 6 1.7 mm; P = 0.04). Total fat mass and percentage body fat assessed by bioimpedance (n = 221) and DEXA (n = 114) were not different. CONCLUSIONS: Children exposed to metformin had larger measures of subcutaneous fat...

Failure strength of human vertebrae: prediction using bone mineral density measured by DXA and bone volume by micro-CT

Perilli, E.; Briggs, A.; Kantor, S.; Codrington, J.; Wark, J.; Parkinson, I.; Fazzalari, N.
Fonte: Elsevier Science Inc Publicador: Elsevier Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Significant relationships exist between areal bone mineral density (BMD) derived from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bone strength. However, the predictive validity of BMD for osteoporotic vertebral fractures remains suboptimal. The diagnostic sensitivity of DXA in the lumbar spine may be improved by assessing BMD from lateral-projection scans, as these might better approximate the objective of measuring the trabecular-rich bone in the vertebral body, compared to the commonly-used posterior-anterior (PA) projections. Nowadays, X-ray micro-computed tomography (μCT) allows non-destructive three-dimensional structural characterization of entire bone segments at high resolution. In this study, human lumbar cadaver spines were examined ex situ by DXA in lateral and PA projections, as well as by μCT, with the aims (1) to investigate the ability of bone quantity measurements obtained by DXA in the lateral projection and in the PA projection, to predict variations in bone quantity measurements obtained by μCT, and (2) to assess their respective capabilities to predict whole vertebral body strength, determined experimentally. Human cadaver spines were scanned by DXA in PA projections and lateral projections. Bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD for L2 and L3 vertebrae were determined. The L2 and L3 vertebrae were then dissected and entirely scanned by μCT. Total bone volume (BV(tot)=cortical+trabecular)...

Prospective histomorphometric and DXA evaluation of bone remodeling in imatinib-treated CML patients: Evidence for site-specific skeletal effects

Vandyke, K.; Fitter, S.; Drew, J.; Fukumoto, S.; Schultz, C.; Sims, N.; Yeung, D.; Hughes, T.; Zannettino, A.
Fonte: Endocrine Society Publicador: Endocrine Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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CONTEXT: Imatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has been successfully used to treat Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Kit+ gastrointestinal stromal tumors. We have previously shown that imatinib therapy is associated with an increase in trabecular bone volume. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we performed a prospective analysis of bone indices in imatinib-treated CML patients to determine the mechanism responsible for this altered bone remodeling. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND INTERVENTION: This study assessed the effects of high-dose (600 mg/d) imatinib on bone parameters in newly diagnosed chronic-phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML patients (n = 11) enrolled in the TIDEL II study. At baseline and after 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment, serum markers of bone remodeling were quantitated, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry analysis of bone mineral density (BMD) was carried out, and a bone biopsy was collected for histological and micro-computed tomography analysis. RESULTS: Our studies show that the increase in trabecular bone volume and trabecular thickness after imatinib treatment was associated with a significant decrease in osteoclast numbers, accompanied by a significant decrease in serum levels of a marker of osteoclast activity. In contrast...

Polycystic ovary syndrome and anti-Müllerian hormone: role of insulin resistance, androgens, obesity and gonadotrophins; Polycystic ovary syndrome and anti-Mullerian hormone: role of insulin resistance, androgens, obesity and gonadotrophins

Cassar, S.; Teede, H.J.; Moran, L.J.; Joham, A.E.; Harrison, C.L.; Strauss, B.J.; Stepto, N.K.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder associated with insulin resistance, hyperandrogenism, obesity, altered gonadotrophin release and anovulatory infertility. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has been proposed as a marker of ovarian function and fertility. Across a cohort of lean and overweight women with and without PCOS, we investigated the association of AMH with insulin resistance and body composition using gold standard measures. A secondary aim was to examine whether AMH was useful to determine PCOS status. Design: Cross-sectional study. Patients: A total of 22 lean and 21 overweight women with PCOS and 19 lean and 16 overweight non-PCOS healthy controls were recruited. PCOS was diagnosed based on the Rotterdam criteria. Measurements: Euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp for assessing insulin resistance, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and computed tomography for assessing adiposity, and blood sampling for the assessment of androgens, gonadotrophins and AMH. Results: Anti-Müllerian hormone levels were increased in women with PCOS (P <0·001) regardless of adiposity, with this increase associated with testosterone (P <0·001) rather than insulin resistance (P = 0·79), adiposity (P = 0·98) or gonadotrophins. In assessing the ability of AMH to predict PCOS...

Decline in hand bone mineral density indicates increased risk of erosive change in early rheumatoid arthritis

Black, R.J.; Spargo, L.; Schultz, C.; Chatterton, B.; Cleland, L.; Lester, S.; Hill, C.L.; Proudman, S.M.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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OBJECTIVE: Despite better disease suppression with combination disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), some patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have progressive erosive disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether hand bone mineral density (BMD) loss in the first 6 months of treatment indicates increased risk of erosions at 12 months. METHODS: Patients with DMARD-naive early RA receiving treat-to-target therapy were studied (n = 106). Hand BMD was measured at baseline and 6 months by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Hand and feet radiographs were performed at baseline and 12 months and scored using the van der Heijde modification of the Sharp method. A K-means clustering algorithm was used to divide patients into 2 groups: the BMD loss group or the no loss group, according to their absolute change in BMD from baseline to 6 months. Multiple regression analysis (hurdle model) was performed to determine the risk factors for both erosive disease and erosion scores. RESULTS: Hand BMD loss at 6 months was associated with erosion scores at 12 months (P = 0.021). In a multiple regression analysis, hand BMD loss (P = 0.046) and older age at onset (≥50 years; P = 0.014) were associated with erosive disease, whereas baseline erosion scores (P = 0.001) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (P = 0.024) were correlated with erosion severity/progression. CONCLUSION: In RA patients receiving treat-to-target therapy...

Low muscle mass and sarcopenia: common and predictive of osteopenia in inflammatory bowel disease

Bryant, R.V.; Ooi, S.; Schultz, C.G.; Goess, C.; Grafton, R.; Hughes, J.; Lim, A.; Bartholomeusz, F.D.; Andrews, J.M.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
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BACKGROUND: Body composition is poorly studied in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Sarcopenia describes a loss of muscle mass and strength. AIM: To assess the prevalence of low lean mass (LM), sarcopenia and associated morbidity in an adult IBD cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were gathered on pre-menopausal 18- to 50-year-old patients with IBD. Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometric assessment and grip strength were performed. Low LM was defined as ≥1 s.d. below the population mean for appendicular skeletal muscle index [ASMI (kg)/height (m)²], and sarcopenia as both ASMI and grip strength ≥1 s.d. below population mean. Multivariate regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Of 137 participants (median age 31 years, BMI 24.8 kg/m(2) ), 56% were male and 69% had Crohn's disease (CD). Low LM and sarcopenia were observed in 21% and 12% of patients, respectively, and osteopenia/osteoporosis in 38% of patients (mean lumbar spine t-score -0.3 ± s.d. 1.1). Grip strength predicted low LM and sarcopenia better than did body mass index (BMI) (OR 4.8 vs. OR 0.7 for low-LM, P < 0.05 both). Normal BMI was falsely reassuring in 72% and 76% of patients with low ASMI and sarcopenia, respectively. Low LM and sarcopenia (OR = 3.6...

Comparison of body composition methods in overweight and obese Brazilian women

Braulio,Valeria Bender; Furtado,Valéria Cristina Soares; Silveira,Maria das Graças; Fonseca,Maria Helena; Oliveira,José Egídio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 Português
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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare skinfold thickness (SKF) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) of body composition using three different equations against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in overweight and obese Brazilian women. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Thirty-four women (age 43.8 ± 10.9 years; body mass index [BMI] 32.1 ± 4.3 kg/m²) had percentage body fat (BF%), fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) estimated by DXA, SKF and BIA (BIA-man: manufacturer's equation; and predictive obesity-specific equations of Segal and of Gray). Regression analysis, Bland-Altman plot analysis and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) were used to compare methods. RESULTS: Absolute agreement between DXA and BIA-man was poor for all measures of body composition (BF% -6.8% ± 3.7%, FM -3.1 ± 3.6 kg, FFM 5.7 ± 2.8 kg). BIA-Segal equation showed good absolute agreement with DXA for BF% (1.5% ± 1.5%), FM (1.0 ± 3.2 kg) and FFM (1.5 ± 2.6 kg), albeit the limits of agreement were wide. BIA-Gray equation showed good absolute agreement with DXA for FM (2.3 ± 4.1 kg), and smaller biases for BF% (0.05% ± 4.4%) and FFM (0.2 ± 2.9 kg), although wide limits of agreement. BIA-Gray and DXA showed the highest ICC among the pairs of methods. A good absolute agreement was observed between DXA and SKF for BF% (-2.3% ± 5.8%)...

Effects of Changes in Adiposity and Physical Activity on Preadolescent Insulin Resistance: The Australian LOOK Longitudinal Study

Telford, Richard D.; Cunningham, Ross B.; Telford, Rohan M.; Kerrigan, Jennifer; Hickman, Peter E.; Potter, Julia M.; Abhayaratna, Walter P.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.22%
BACKGROUND In a previous longitudinal analysis of our cohort as 8 to 10 year-olds, insulin resistance (IR) increased with age, but was not modified by changes in percent body fat (%BF), and was only responsive to changes in physical activity (PA) in boys. We aimed to determine whether these responses persisted as the children approached adolescence. METHODS In this prospective cohort study, 256 boys and 278 girls were assessed at ages 8, 10 and 12 years for fasting blood glucose and insulin, %BF (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry); PA (7-day pedometers), fitness (multistage run); and pubertal development (Tanner stage). RESULTS From age 8 to 12 years, the median homeostatic model of IR (HOMA-IR) doubled in boys and increased 250% in girls. By age 12, 23% of boys and 31% of girls had elevated IR, as indicated by HOMA-IR greater than 3. Longitudinal relationships, with important adjustments for covariates body weight, PA, %BF, Tanner score and socioeconomic status showed that, on average, for every 1 unit reduction of %BF, HOMA-IR was lowered by 2.2% (95% CI 0.04-4) in girls and 1.6% (95% CI 0-3.2) in boys. Furthermore, in boys but not girls, HOMA-IR was decreased by 3.5% (95%CI 0.5-6.5) if PA was increased by 2100 steps/day. CONCLUSION Evidence that a quarter of our apparently healthy 12 year-old Australians possessed elevated IR suggests that community-based education and prevention strategies may be warranted. Responsiveness of IR to changes in %BF in both sexes during late preadolescence and to changes in PA in the boys provides a specific basis for targeting elevated IR. That body weight was a strong covariate of IR...

Determinants of Childhood Adiposity: Evidence from the Australian LOOK Study

Telford, Richard D.; Cunningham, Ross B.; Telford, Rohan M.; Riley, Malcolm; Abhayaratna, Walter P.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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36.22%
BACKGROUND To contribute to the current debate as to the relative influences of dietary intake and physical activity on the development of adiposity in community-based children. METHODS Participants were 734 boys and girls measured at age 8, 10 and 12 years for percent body fat (dual emission x-ray absorptiometry), physical activity (pedometers, accelerometers); and dietary intake (1 and 2-day records), with assessments of pubertal development and socioeconomic status. RESULTS Cross-sectional relationships revealed that boys and girls with higher percent body fat were less physically active, both in terms of steps per day and moderate and vigorous physical activity (both sexes p<0.001 for both measures). However, fatter children did not consume more energy, fat, carbohydrate or sugar; boys with higher percent body fat actually consumed less carbohydrate (p = 0.01) and energy (p = 0.05). Longitudinal analysis (combined data from both sexes) was weaker, but supported the cross-sectional findings, showing that children who reduced their PA over the four years increased their percent body fat (p = 0.04). Relationships in the 8 year-olds and also in the leanest quartile of all children, where adiposity-related underreporting was unlikely...

Methods for nurses to measure body composition; Métodos de enfermagem para a medição da composição corporal; Métodos en enfermería para la medición de la composición corporal

Moran, Jose Maria; Lavado-Garcia, Jesus Maria; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan Diego
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
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Entre os métodos disponíveis para a determinação da composição corporal, os tradicionais, como a hidrodensitometria e a avaliação de pregas corporais, são bem conhecidos. Para esta revisão, centrou-se nos métodos baseados na impedância e a interactância, caracterizados pela utilização de equipamentos econômicos, fáceis de transportar e manobrar. Também discutiu-se a utilidade da absorciometria dual de raios X, especialmente para a determinação da distribuição da gordura corporal. É importante que o pessoal de enfermagem adquira conhecimentos sobre o uso desse equipamento, bem como que se familiarize com as técnicas descritas.; Entre los métodos disponibles para la determinación de la composición corporal, los tradicionales como la hidrodensitometría y la valoración de pliegues corporales son bien conocidos. En esta revisión nos centramos en los métodos basados en la impedancia y en la interactancia, caracterizados por la utilización de equipos económicos, fáciles de transportar y manejar. También discutimos la utilidad de la absorciometría dual de rayos-X, particularmente para la determinación de la distribución de la grasa corporal. Es importante que el personal de enfermería adquiera competencias en el uso de estos equipamientos y también se familiarice con las técnicas descritas.; Among the methods available for assessing body composition...

Comparison of bioelectrical impedance with skinfold thickness and X-ray absorptiometry to measure body composition in HIV-infected with lipodistrophy

Siqueira Vassimon,H.; Jordao,A. A.; Albuquerque de Paula,F. J.; Artioli Machado,A.; Pontes Monteiro,J.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introduction: Human immunodeficiency vírus (HIV)-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (LS) includes body composition and metabolic alterations. Lack of validated criteria and tools make difficult to evaluate body composition in this group. Objective: The aim of the study was to compare different methods to evaluate body composition between Brazilians HIV subjects with (HIV+LIPO+) or without LS (HIV+LIPO-) and healthy subjects (Control). Methods: in a cross-sectional analyses, body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), skinfold thickness (SF) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 10 subjects from HIV+LIPO+ group; 22 subjects from HIV+LIPO- group and 12 from Control group. Results: There were no differences in age and body mass index (BMI) between groups. The fat mass (FM) (%) estimated by SF did not correlate with DXA in HIV+LIPO+ group (r = 0,46/ p > 0,05) and had fair agreement in both HIV groups (HIV+LIPO+ =0,35/ HIV+ LIPO- = 0,40). BIA had significant correlation in all groups (p < 0,05) and strong agreement, meanly in HIV groups, for FM (HIV+LIPO+ = 0,79/ HIV+LIPO- = 0,85 / Control = 0,60) and for fat free mass (FFM) (HIV+LIPO+ = 0,93 / HIV+LIPO- = 0,92 / Control = 0,73). Discussion: Total fat mass can be measured by BIA with good precision...