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Instituições públicas de ensino superior: estudo de casos de aperfeiçoamento de processos administrativos.; Public institutions of undergraduate education: administrative processes improvement case studies.

Biazzi, Monica Rottmann de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/04/2007 Português
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Ao longo das últimas duas décadas, o setor público viu-se sob maior pressão para melhorar seu desempenho e demonstrar maior transparência e avaliação de resultados. Historicamente, o setor público brasileiro apresenta uma estrutura departamental e burocrática, o que dificulta a coordenação das atividades e diminui a eficiência e a eficácia de seus serviços. Diante desta realidade, algumas instituições públicas do setor brasileiro vêm buscando melhorias em sua forma de operar. A abordagem por processo fornece uma alternativa para a estrutura estática e fragmentada da organização, proporcionando uma visão sistêmica, com foco no cliente ou cidadão. Neste contexto, o objeto de estudo deste trabalho foram as instituições públicas de ensino superior (IPES) brasileiras, com foco no aperfeiçoamento de seus processos administrativos. Os objetivos alcançados com o trabalho foram os seguintes: estudo das características administrativas de instituições públicas de ensino superior brasileiras, sua forma de operar e sua cultura organizacional; pesquisa sobre metodologias de aperfeiçoamento de processos, desenvolvidas tanto no setor privado como no setor público; realização de estudo de múltiplos casos de aperfeiçoamento de processos administrativos em IPES; identificação de padrões e diferenças entre os casos estudados...

Estado, o pedagogo da liberdade. Reformas das instituições político-administrativas do Estado e cultura política nacional no Brasil Império e República; State, freedom's pedagogue: the reforms of the political-administrative institutions of the state and the national political culture in imperial and republical Brazil

Romão Netto, José Verissimo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2010 Português
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Esta tese ocupa-se de alinhar o pensamento de quatro autores-atores políticos brasileiros que tratam de estabelecer relação entre reformas das instituições político-administrativas nacionais e a geração e/ou fortalecimento de uma cultura política nacional mais democrática: Visconde do Uruguai, Oliveira Viana, Guerreiro Ramos e Bresser-Pereira. Em comum, todos tiveram papel relevante em diversos momentos históricos brasileiros de reformas das instituições político-administrativas do país. Visconde do Uruguai foi autor da revisão do Ato Adicional do Império; Oliveira Viana teve papel central na criação de Leis importantes para a organização sindical brasileira na época do getulismo; Guerreiro Ramos teve longa passagem pelo Departamento de Administração do Serviço Público, onde refletiu e atuou sobre a reforma burocrática brasileira; Bresser-Pereira foi Ministro do Ministério da Administração Federal e Reforma do Estado durante o primeiro mandato do Presidente Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Todos supuseram que a democracia brasileira pudesse ser construída, ou qualificada, a partir de reformas das instituições político-administrativas do país.; This thesis align the thought of four authors-political actors that deal to establish the relationship between reforms of political-administrative institutions and the generation and/or strengthening of a national political culture more democratic: Viscount of Uruguay...

Elites e instituições no Brasil : uma analise contextual do Estado Novo; Political elites and governmental institutions during the "Estado Novo" regime in Brazil (1937-1945) from a contextual perspective

Adriano Nervo Codato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/08/2008 Português
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Esta tese aborda, de um ponto de vista contextual, a relação entre elites políticas estaduais e instituições de governo durante o regime do "Estado Novo" no Brasil (1937-1945). A partir do caso de São Paulo, são analisados quatro problemas: os aparelhos político-burocráticos do regime, as transformações do perfil sócio-profissional da classe política, sua colaboração na gestão dos aparelhos do Estado ditatorial e o processo de adesão dessa elite à ideologia do Estado autoritário. O estudo focalizou o grupo político de quatorze indivíduos abrigado no Departamento Administrativo do estado de São Paulo. A fim de explicar o declínio da oligarquia paulista (junto com seus partidos políticos, suas lideranças nacionais, sua ideologia liberal e seu poder estadual) quatro hipóteses foram testadas: i) a nova hierarquia política entre os diversos grupos de elite é o resultado da nova ordem estipulada pelos círculos dirigentes do regime entre os diferentes níveis decisórios do sistema institucional do Estado; ii) as instâncias intermediárias de governo que abrigam as elites estaduais, como os Departamentos Administrativos, não são instâncias de decisão sobre a política de Estado, mas de participação controlada no jogo político; iii) a modificação dos perfis sociais das elites políticas estaduais é o efeito tanto das sucessivas transformações nas condições de competição política...

A Précis of On Global Justice, With Emphasis on Implications for International Institutions

Risse, Mathias
Fonte: Boston College Law School Publicador: Boston College Law School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The two traditional ways of thinking about justice at the global level either limit the applicability of justice to states or else extend it to all human beings. The view I defend rejects both these approaches and instead recognizes different considerations or conditions based on which individuals are in the scope of different principles of justice. Finding a philosophically convincing alternative to those approaches strikes me as the most demanding and important challenge contemporary political philosophy faces (one that in turn reflects the significance of the political issues that are at stake). My own view, and thus my attempt at meeting this challenge, acknowledges the existence of multiple grounds of justice. This book seeks to present a foundational theory that makes it plausible that there could be multiple grounds of justice and to defend a specific view of the grounds that I call pluralist internationalism. Pluralist Internationalism grants particular normative relevance to the state but qualifies this relevance by embedding the state into other grounds that are associated with their own principles of justice and that thus impose additional obligations on those who share membership in a state. The grounds that I discuss are shared membership in a state; common humanity; shared membership in the global order; shared involvement with the global trading system; and humanity’s collective ownership of the earth. (It is probably in the conceptualization of common ownership as a ground of justice that my view seems strangest.) Within this theory one must explore what obligations of justice pertain to states and other institutions. International institutions must be understood as agents of justice (rather than as entities that merely advance particular state interests). Moreover...

The Allocation of Resources by Interest Groups: Lobbying, Litigation and Administrative Regulation

De Figueiredo, John M.; De Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr.
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 415103 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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One of the central concerns about American policy-making institutions is the degree to which political outcomes can be influenced by interested parties. While the literature on interest group strategies in particular institutions - legislative, administrative, and legal - is extensive, there is very little scholarship which examines how the interdependencies between institutions affects the strategies of groups. In this paper we examine in a formal theoretical model, how the opportunity to litigate administrative rulemaking in the courts affects the lobbying strategies of competing interest groups at the rulemaking stage. Using a resource-based view of group activity, we develop a number of important insights about each stage - which cannot be observed by examining each one in isolation. We demonstrate that lobbying effort responds to the ideology of the court, and the responsiveness of the court to resources. In particular, 1) as courts become more biased toward the status quo...

Administrative Capacity in the New EU Member States : The Limits of Innovation?

Verheijen, Tony
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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This study considers key aspects of administrative performance in three areas related to policy, people, and systems. First, in the field of policy, the study addresses issues of performance management, strategic planning and policy coordination and formulation. Second, as regards people, the study reviews human resource management practices such as recruitment and career management, incentive systems and politico-administrative relations with the aim of assessing the extent to which public administrations in the EU8 can attract and retain high quality staff in the context of rapidly changing labor markets. Finally, in relation to systems, the study looks into one specific aspect of public service delivery, namely the extent to which states have introduced e-Governance systems and used these effectively to enhance the business environment. A benchmarking exercise was conducted in each of the key aspects studied. A specific aim of the study was to identify examples of good practice within the region which might be replicable in other EU8 countries. This study reviews the direction of administrative development in the first two years of EU membership in the EU8 and includes a review of general trends in administrative development as well as a benchmarking exercise for a sample of states on selected criteria that illustrate capacity for public management innovations. The study will draw conclusions on ways to address the identified issues and problems in the development of the public management systems of the EU8...

Climate Policy Processes, Local Institutions, and Adaptation Actions : Mechanisms of Translation and Influence

Agrawal, Arun; Perrin, Nicolas; Chhatre, Ashwini; Benson, Catherine; Kononen, Minna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper focuses on the experience of the national-level adaptation planning efforts and the lessons that can be derived for more effective adaptation from an examination of local governance of development and natural resources. After examining national level adaptation plans, particularly the NAPAs (National Adaptation Programmes of Action), the paper analyzes the range of institutional instruments and relationships visible in contemporary decentralization reforms. The analysis derives four important lessons for adaptation planning, with special attention to the articulation between local and national level adaptation processes. The paper underlines: a) the diversity of local institutions; b) adaptation strategies, and identifies factors that promote; c) greater accountability; and d) greater equity in national/local relationships.

Administrative Barriers to Foreign Investment : Reducing Red Tape in Africa

Emery, James J.; Spence, Melvin T., Jr.; Wells, Louis T., Jr.; Buehrer, Timothy S.
Fonte: Washington, DC: International Finance Corporation and the World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: International Finance Corporation and the World Bank
Português
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The book consists of two papers which provide an overview of administrative barriers in Africa, and a very in-depth look at how one country, Mozambique, used a very large foreign investment as a mechanism to begin to tear them down. The first paper is based on a series of country-specific studies on administrative barriers done by Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS) and the United States Agency for International Development. These studies covered Ghana, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, and Uganda. Each country study relied on review of primary materials, laws, and regulations. The second paper is a detailed look at how the administrative barriers that existed in Mozambique threatened to derail the huge Mozal aluminum smelter that was proposed by South African investors. Not only were the barriers overcome for this special project but also the Government used the knowledge gained in the process to reduce barriers for all investors and establish institutions that could facilitate other investments. The message in both papers is that administrative barriers constitute a significant impediment to foreign direct investment in Africa. Many of the administrative procedures required of investors have no real justification. Removal of unnecessary barriers and streamlining other administrative procedures require detailed efforts by governments involving the exercise of significant political leadership.

Legal Institutions and Financial Development

Beck, Thorsten; Levine, Ross
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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A burgeoning literature finds that financial development exerts a first-order impact on long-run economic growth, which raises critical questions, such as why do some countries have well-developed growth-enhancing financial systems while others do not? The law and finance theory focuses on the role of legal institutions in explaining international differences in financial development. First, the law and finance theory holds that in countries where legal systems enforce private property rights, support private contractual arrangements, and protect the legal rights of investors, savers are more willing to finance firms and financial markets flourish. Second, the different legal traditions that emerged in Europe over previous centuries and were spread internationally through conquest, colonization, and imitation help explain cross-country differences in investor protection, the contracting environment, and financial development today. But there are countervailing theories and evidence that challenge both parts of the law and finance theory. Many argue that there is more variation within than across legal origin families. Others question the central role of legal tradition and point to politics...

Financing of Panchayati Raj Institutions in World Bank-Financed Operations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The Government of India (GOI) is committed to strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) with a concerted effort to integrate and secure a central role for the village to district-level governments in World Bank-financed operations. The World Bank is actively seeking ways of achieving a greater degree of internal coherence between Bank-financed operations and consistency with the GOI approach to decentralization. With these objectives as backdrop, the report financing of panchayati raj institutions in World Bank-financed operations provides advice to World Bank task teams and clients for designing appropriate fiduciary mechanisms for PRI financing, ones that are consistent with the GOI constitutional framework and comply with World Bank operational policies and procedures. The report uses findings from a mapping exercise of ongoing Bank-financed operations in Panchayati Raj Institutions, analyzing the public financial management and accountability (PFMA) and procurement arrangements to determine what has or has not worked well and whether any can be replicated or mainstreamed. The report also covers the efficiency issues of panchayati raj institutions dealing with multiple financing sources with a resulting heavyload of reporting requirements; the extent to which existing PRI systems are being utilized or could have been utilized...

Global Administrative Law: An Italian perspective

CASSESE, Sabino; BATTINI, Stefano; D’ALTERIO, Elisa; NAPOLITANO, Giulio; DE BELLIS, Maurizia; CAROLI CASAVOLA, Hilde; MORLINO, Elisabetta; CASINI, Lorenzo; CHITI, Edoardo; SAVINO, Mario
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This Policy Paper collects a set of contributions given and discussed at the Conference on “Global Administrative Law: an Italian Perspective”, European University Institute, Global Governance Programme, 24 February 2012. The purpose of the conference was to present the work of a group of Italian scholars who have, to date, written more than a hundred articles or books on Global Administrative Law (GAL), and have been or are engaged in around ten collective enterprises on the subject. After a brief introduction by Sabino Cassese, in which the main features of GAL and its significance are examined, nine contributions deal with a high number of legal issues raised by globalization and global governance. All of them adopt a GAL approach in order to tame and frame relevant topics such as the role of administrative law beyond the State (Stefano Battini), courts acting as global regulators (Elisa D’Alterio), the global governance after the financial crisis (Giulio Napolitano), the global financial regulation (Maurizia De Bellis), global rules of public procurement (Hilde Caroli Casavola) and procurement regimes of international organizations (Elisabetta Morlino), global sports law (Lorenzo Casini), the relationships between GAL and EU administrative law (Edoardo Chiti) the transgovernmental power at the European and global level (Mario Savino). This Policy Paper aims at contributing to one of the most significant intellectual enterprise of 21st century...

Knowledge management in public health institutions with different management models

Cruz, Sofia; Ferreira, Maria Manuela Frederico
Fonte: Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra Publicador: Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 10/05/2014 Português
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Introduction: The knowledge management has been raising an increased interest within business world, because knowledge is recognized as the most important resource to organizational performance. It is believed that is only due to it that organizations can innovate and remain active in a highly competitive market (Brito, 2003; Cardoso, 2003). Objectives: evaluate the occurence of knowledge management in public health institutions, and analyze if there are differences in the perception of knowledge management occurence due to institution management model. Methods: this is a quantitative study, which used a survey as an instrument of data collection. This survey was built and validated by us ( = .962). This study was done in a sample of 671 employees of ten health public institutions, with different management models: Public Administrative Sector Model, Public Corporate Entity Model and Family Health Unit Model. Results: in health institutions knowledge management has average value of 3,37 ± 0.62 (scale range from 1 to 5). As for the average value of knowledge management it is 4,28 ± 0,36 in the family health units, 3,42 ± 0,53 in the public corporate entity institutions and 3,25 ± 0,63 in the public administrative sector institutions. These differences are statistically significant. Conclusions: knowledge management occurs in the portuguese health institutions and the institution's management model shows to be crucial to this occurrence.

Strengthening China's Environmental Protection Administrative System : Analysis and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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The Chinese economy has experienced an unprecedented 30-year period of economic growth and development that has delivered enormous social and economic benefits to the people but has had seriously adverse and continuing effects on the state of the environment. The government is well aware of the problem. Over the last five to ten years, environmental objectives have become increasingly important in priorities set under successive national five-year plans. To address these problems, the government has provided increasingly large infusions of capital and implemented a series of administrative reforms. Notwithstanding all these actions, the state of the national environment continues to deteriorate, and further action is clearly needed. This policy note focuses particularly on continuing issues related to the operations of the Ministry for Environmental Protection (MEP), including the legal framework under which it operates and its operational relationships with other agencies at the national level and with its counterparts at lower levels of government. This focus is justified given that MEP's effectiveness is critical to the effectiveness of the government's overall environmental objectives. Without an effective MEP...

Vietnam Development Report 2010 : Modern Institutions; Bao cao phat trien Vietnam 2010 : cac the che hien dai

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR)
Português
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Institutions are not buildings or organizations, they are the rules by which citizens, firms, and the state interact. The photographs that grace the cover of this Vietnam Development Report (VDR) 2010 epitomize modern institutions. The settings may not appear modern, but the activities they represent are cutting edge, and are transforming Vietnam. Local level planning with the active engagement of citizens. Monitoring of public works by citizens groups. Efficient administrative services with the citizen as the client. Legal advice being provided to citizens. Professional media coverage of important events. These are the roots which feed the growth of a modern, open, and high-performing society. This VDR focuses on devolution and accountability, two aspects of modern institutions that are the essence of Vietnam's experience in the past two decades. At the risk of over-simplifying, this VDR distinguishes between two types of accountability, upward accountability focusing on compliance with rules, dictates, and instructions coming from within the hierarchy...

CPIA Africa, June 2014; 2013 CPIA Results for Africa; Assessing Africa's Policies and Institutions

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Institutional and Governance Review (IGR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This report describes the progress African countries are making on strengthening the quality of policies and institutions that underpin development. It presents Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) scores for the 39 African countries that are eligible for support from the International Development Association (IDA). This year's report expands coverage to include Djibouti and Yemen from the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA). The scores, which are on a scale of 1 to 6 with 6 being the highest, are an indicator of the quality of these countries' policy and institutional framework across 16 dimensions grouped into four clusters: economic management (Cluster A), structural policies (Cluster B), policies for social inclusion and equity (Cluster C), and public sector management and institutions (Cluster D). The overall quality of policies and institutions in Sub-Saharan African countries held steady in 2013, with divergent performance across countries. The average CPIA score for Sub-Saharan Africa held steady at 3.2 in 2013. But beyond the flat regional average...

Bulgaria - Ex-post impact assessment of the act on limiting administrative regulation and administration control on economic activity

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
Português
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The ex-post impact assessment of the Limiting Administrative Regulation and Administrative Control on Economic Activity Act (LARACEAA) is part of the World Bank's support to the Government of Bulgaria through on-going analytical and advisory work in the area of regulatory reform. The purpose of the present ex-post impact assessment of the LARACEAA is to: (i) assess how the Act has been enforced, (ii) identify and estimate the impacts of the Act, and (iii) provide recommendations for amendments to the Act. Chapter one emphasizes the importance of the Act as part of the Bulgarian Government's role in advancing regulatory reform and improving the business environment; gives the scope of the assessment and presents the sources of information utilized; and delineates general limitations of the analysis. Chapter two outlines a policy framework by discussing coherence with the Governmental and European Union (EU) policies, as well as touching upon relevant documents on regulatory reform, followed by analysis of the goal and objectives of the Act...

Toward More Effective and Legitimate Institutions to Handle Problems of Justice in Solomon Islands

Porter, Douglas; Isser, Deborah; Venning, Philippa
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note
Português
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This policy note summarizes key lessons and conclusions from the World Bank's engagement in Solomon Islands under the justice for the poor program, which has been active in that country since 2009. It interprets what has been learned in connection with a question posed at the start of this program: what can be done to support more effective and legitimate institutions to handle problems of justice in Solomon Islands?. To answer this question, the note is organized around a set of three questions. First, what are Solomon Islanders' main justice concerns? Second, how are these concerns being handled today, to what extent are people satisfied, and why? Third, what can Solomon Islanders and their development partners do to improve justice outcomes? This note is an effort to shift the standard discourse on building justice institutions to a problem driven approach that seeks to grapple with the contextual peculiarities of Solomon Islands. The approach, which this note aims to illustrate, begins with an assessment of how problems are experienced by citizens and then examines how these issues are being handled by public authorities...

Measuring the Performance and Achievement of Social Objectives of Development Finance Institutions

Francisco, Manuela; Mascaró, Yira; Mendoza, Juan Carlos; Yaron, Jacob
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This paper develops and tests a proposed methodology that puts forward a new integrated method for evaluating the performance of development finance institutions. This methodology applies assessment criteria that take into account both the social objective that the development finance institution addresses and the subsidies it received in order to achieve such an objective. This methodology is applied to two pilot case studies-Banadesa (Honduras) and Banrural (Guatemala). The authors calculate the previously tested subsidy dependence index, which measures the degree of an institution's subsidy dependence. The paper develops and estimates a new measure-the output index- which indicates the level to which the institution fulfills the social objectives of the state. The analysis integrates the subsidy dependence index and the output index to assess the effectiveness associated with meeting the social objective. The findings suggest that the integration of the two indexes can constitute the basis of a meaningful evaluation framework for the performance of development finance institutions. This new methodology can also be a useful metric for policy makers who are seeking to decide on an optimal allocation of scarce funds for development finance institutions that pursue social goals and for management that seeks improved performance outcomes.

A Global View of Business Insolvency Systems

Westbrook, Lawrence; Booth, Charles D.; Paulus, Christoph G.; Rajak, Harry
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Brill
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
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46.41%
The purpose of this book is to provide a coherent overview of the insolvency systems found around the world. Its intended audience includes academics, judges, lawyers, and policymakers. Its focus is on businesses rather than natural persons. The authors hope to give the reader a sense of some of the principal approaches to managing the general default of a business debtor. The authors will discuss the nature of the costs and benefits arising from the various policy choices legislators have made. In the process, they will emphasize the close interrelationship among various elements of an insolvency regime so that these elements can be viewed as part of an overall system and not just as a series of policy decisions about particular rules, such as the method of initiation of an insolvency case or the balance struck in setting the boundaries of an avoidance power. The organization of the book reflects our view of insolvency laws as complete systems, including not only the 'insolvency' or 'bankruptcy' code of a jurisdiction but also closely related laws and the institutional framework in which those laws are applied. The book takes a systematic approach to a variety of topics related to credit and insolvency regulation. The functional analysis starts with the study of debt enforcement...

Explaining differences in regional performance: administrative capacity and political factors. The case of Structural Funds implementation in Italian Objective 1 regions

Milio, Simona
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 Português
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36.24%
This thesis starts from the following question: Why, after 16 years of receiving Structural Funds, do some regions still have difficulties in spending their allocated resources? Empirical evidence shows that Funds implementation rates have varied widely among European Union Objective 1 regions. The overall performance of Italian regions, in particular, has consistently lagged behind other countries. However, an investigation into individual Italian Objective 1 regions reveals that not all follow this general trend. Indeed, some regions have outperformed others remarkably. Why is this the case? I explore these differences and identify potential variables that may account for such regional variation. My central hypothesis is that differences in implementation are strongly dependent on the degree of administrative capacity that exists in the recipient regional government. Due to the deficiency in the existing literature of a clear definition of administrative capacity, I attempt to fill this gap by introducing a novel characterization that allows me to operationalize and measure the concept. The core of the methodology is an in-depth case study supported by field research based on personal interviews and documented questionnaires. I investigate two contrasting southern Italian regions...