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Transfer pricing and the arm’s length principle in the European Union law and domestic law

Maurício, Maria João da Cruz
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
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55.58%
Dissertação de mestrado em LL.M in European and Transglobal Business Law; At the present moment, the majority of cross border transactions take place between related enterprises. Transfer pricing has grown and constitutes one of the core issues on the tax agenda of multinational enterprises. Under this framework, the so-called arm´s length principle is the universal method used for tax purposes in order to allocate profits between related enterprises operating in different countries. This standard has become accepted both internationally and within the EU. In the EU, the legal challenge against the transfer pricing rules is found in the Treaty provisions which refer to the fundamental freedoms laid down in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Although, this principle has been targeted by many critics. It has been argued that it does not take into consideration the interrelation and integration existent between related parties and is of difficult administrative application. Notwithstanding these shortcomings, the fact is that this principle is rather flexible and effective in the majority of the cases. Several US federal states apply formulary apportionment instead of separate accounting as in the arm´s length principle. In fact...

Rules of Origin for Preferential Trading Arrangements : Implications for the ASEAN Free Trade Area of EU and U.S. Experience

Cadot, Olivier; de Melo, Jaime; Portugal-Pérez, Alberto
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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45.52%
With free trade areas (FTAs) under negotiation between Japan and the ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) members and between the Republic of Korea and AFTA members, preferential market access will become more important in Asian regionalism. Protectionist pressures will likely increase through rules of origin, the natural outlet for these pressures. Based on the experience of the European Union and the United States with rules of origin, the authors argue that, should these FTAs follow in the footsteps of the EU and the U.S. and adopt similar rules of origin, trading partners in the region would incur unnecessary costs. Using EU trade under the Generalized System of Preferences with Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific partners, the authors estimate how the use of preferences would likely change if AFTA were to veer away from its current uniform rules of origin requiring a 40 percent local content rate. Depending on the sample used, a 10 percentage point reduction in the local value content requirement is estimated to increase the utilization rate of preferences by between 2.5 and 8.2 percentage points.

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of : Analysis of the Agricultural Support Programs

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The report is structured to allow readers familiar with Macedonia s agriculture sector to quickly grasp the essentials needed to improve the sector, as well as to inform a general audience on how to address the challenges of a modern European Union (EU)-aspiring state. Chapter two provides an in-depth analysis of the sectoral background, illustrating the main characteristics and challenges of Macedonia s agriculture sector. The illustration takes an integrated approach to the sector, covering a vast range of inter-related topics including the prominence of the sector not only in terms of its economic and social contribution but also its implications for trade, the urban-rural poverty gap and shared prosperity, farm structure, climate adaptation, and capacity building. Chapter three draws on lessons from the European Union (EU) and provides a framework to analyze Macedonia s agricultural support programs. Further, the chapter provides a primer on the EU s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and its measures to support agriculture. Chapter four presents concise empirical evidence of the coverage and institutional capacity of the agricultural programs in Macedonia under both pillar one and pillar two measures. Chapter five then builds on the primary diagnostic set out in the previous chapters and critically examines the alignment of Macedonia s agricultural programs with the government s stated objectives of poverty reduction...

The Future of International Economic Law: A Research Agenda

PETERSMANN, Ernst-Ulrich
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This final chapter draws conclusions from the second edition of Constitutionalism, Multilevel Trade Governance and International Economic Law by discussing the diverse conceptions of international economic regulation presented by Profs. Joerges, Stewart, Cottier and other contributors to this book. Section I begins with methodological questions of conceptualizing and analyzing international economic law (IEL). Section II discusses private ‘conflicts law approaches’ and criticizes their inadequate criteria for identifying under which conditions public international law ‘deserves recognition’. Section III gives an overview of the diverse ‘global administrative law’ (GAL) approaches and criticizes their often inadequate methodologies for determining ‘law’ as well as their neglect of constitutional rights. Section IV discusses the various ‘multilevel constitutional’ approaches to analyzing IEL and their foundation in ‘constitutional pluralism’. Section V suggests that collective supply of ‘global public goods’ – like protection of human rights, a mutually beneficial world trading system, international rule of law and prevention of climate change – requires more systematic, legal analysis of the collective action problems and of the interrelationships among national and international public goods. The various private and public...

European integration and transformation in the Western Balkans : Europeanization or business as usual ?

Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Livro
Português
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The book investigates the scope and limitations of the transformative power of EU enlargement in the Western Balkans. The extension of EU enlargement policy to the Western Balkans has generated high expectations that enlargement will regulate democratic institution-building and foster reform, much as it did in Central and Eastern Europe. However, there is very little research on whether and how unfavourable domestic conditions might mitigate the transformative power of the EU. This volume investigates the role of domestic factors, identifying ‘stateness’ as the missing link between the assumed transformative power of the EU and the actual capacity to adopt EU rules across the region. Including chapters on Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Kosovo, and Bosnia-Herzegovina, leading scholars in the field offer up-to-date comparative analysis of key areas of institutional and policy reform; including state bureaucracy, rule of law, electoral management, environmental governance, cooperation with the International Court of Justice, economic liberalization and foreign policy. Looking to the future and the implications for policy change, European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans provides a new theoretical and empirical focus on this little understood area. The book will be of interest to scholars and students of EU politics...

Disentangling the migration and asylum knot : dealing with crisis situations and avoiding detention

TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, Anna
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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55.55%
While the control of irregular migration and the return of undocumented migrants to their countries of origin has been a priority in the European migration policy since the late 2000s, it has now achieved a new sense of urgency. The EU is faced with a double challenge: to limit irregular migration while keeping its borders open to people in need of international protection, in line with its traditions as well as with its own international conventions and declarations. Offering asylum to those who are persecuted or are unable to return to their countries of origin includes a set of inter-related challenges. It requires providing access to asylum (notably the information and ability to file a claim), safeguarding the fundamental rights of asylum seekers while their cases are being processed, while also ensuring that the asylum “burden” is shared among member states and that borders remain tightly controlled as regards overall irregular migration flows. This policy paper takes a closer look at these challenges and offers recommendations on how to act upon them. The paper starts with an overview of numbers (of immigration flows, stocks, asylum seeking flows and estimates of irregular migration) so as to put the overall issue into perspective (How large are the irregular migration or asylum seeker flows? How large is the overall migrant population in the EU? What are the trends?). Second...

International economic law in the 21st century : need for stronger ‘democratic ownership’ and cosmopolitan reforms

PETERSMANN, Ernst-Ulrich
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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45.52%
Most worldwide monetary, financial, trade and environmental agreements fail to protect international public goods (like prevention of climate change, transnational rule of law for the benefit of citizens) effectively and do not even mention human rights and consumer welfare. This contribution argues that the prevailing “Westphalian conceptions” of international economic law (IEL) as “international law among states”, “global administrative law”, multilevel economic regulation and international “conflicts law” must be “civilized” and “constitutionalized” by limiting multilevel governance through legal and judicial protection of cosmopolitan rights empowering citizens – as “democratic owners of IEL” – to hold their government agents more accountable for their obvious “governance failures”. Sections 1 to 10 discuss ten areas of IEL where the need for stronger protection of human rights is increasingly recognized. Sections 11 and 12 infer from the citizen-driven transformations of international investment law and European common market law that “market failures”, “governance failures” and related abuses of public and private power in international economic relations can be limited by empowering citizens and “courts of justice” to protect transnational rule of law for the benefit of citizens. The article criticizes the EU institutions for their nondemocratic assertion of “freedoms to violate international law” to the detriment of EU citizens...

In the aftermath of the crisis : the EU administrative system between impediments and momentum

CHITI, Edoardo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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95.78%
The European responses to the financial and public debt crisis have triggered a process of administrative reorganization and growth within two fundamental sectors of the EU, the internal market of financial services and the EMU. This paper argues that the process of reorganization and growth of the EU administrative machinery within the single financial market and the EMU is characterized by a number of inherent tensions. Four of them are prominent and refer, respectively, to the powers conferred to the satellite administrative bodies established in order to tackle the crisis, to the jurisdictions of the new administrations, to the degree of centralization which is sought within the new mechanisms for the implementation of EU laws and policies, to the accountability mechanisms. When assessed in the light of their capability to improve the EU administrative capacities, such tensions appear to be deeply ambivalent. On the one hand, they might operate as «fault lines» of the whole EU administrative machinery, destabilizing its functioning in two important fields of EU action. On the other hand, by pointing to a host of unsolved issues in EU administrative law, they provide an opportunity for opening a genuine institutional and scientific discussion on the ways in which the EU administrative system should be adjusted or reformed.

Implementation of REACH in the New Member States - Part two: Business Case Studies in Selected New Member States

ANGERER Gerhard; SARTORIUS Christian; SKULIMOWSKI Andrzej M. J.; NORDBECK Ralf; LUO ZHENG; DELGADO SANCHO LUIS; WOLF OLIVER
Fonte: OPOCE Publicador: OPOCE
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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This report informs about potential impacts of the European regulation concerning the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals REACH (Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006) in the New Member States . It consists of two parts: 1) "Implementation of REACH in the New Member States – Part one: overview of the chemical and specialty chemical sector in the New Member States", and 2) "Implementation of REACH in the New Member States – Part two: Business case studies in selected New Member States". The first report gives a general overview of the chemical sector in all New Member States and provides key macroeconomic data for the description of the chemical sector as a whole in each of the countries. This includes the sectors development, major developments including trade with EU-15 and non-EU countries, and a description of sub-sectors according to NACE categories. Furthermore, the first report describes the impact on the chemical industry through the implementation of the Chemicals Acquis and the Accession to the EU, and derives the implications for the adoption of REACH in the New Member States. Finally, the report outlines REACH Impact studies which are available in the New Member States . The second report analyses the ability of specialty chemicals companies in selected countries to implement REACH . This ability is examined on the basis of techno-economic case studies. From the economic aspect...

Implementation of REACH in the New Member States. Part one: Overview of the Chemical and Speciality Chemical Sector in the New Member States

ANGERER Gerhard; SARTORIUS Christian; NORDBECK Ralf; WOLF OLIVER; DELGADO SANCHO LUIS; LUO ZHENG
Fonte: OPOCE Publicador: OPOCE
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.54%
This report informs about potential impacts of the European regulation concerning the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals REACH (Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006) in the New Member States. It consists of two parts: 1) "Implementation of REACH in the New Member States – Part one: overview of the chemical and specialty chemical sector in the New Member States", and 2) "Implementation of REACH in the New Member States – Part two: Business case studies in selected New Member States". The first report gives a general overview of the chemical sector in all New Member States and provides key macroeconomic data for the description of the chemical sector as a whole in each of the countries. This includes the sectors development, major developments including trade with EU-15 and non-EU countries, and a description of sub-sectors according to NACE categories. Furthermore, the first report describes the impact on the chemical industry through the implementation of the Chemicals Acquis and the Accession to the EU, and derives the implications for the adoption of REACH in the New Member States. Finally, the report outlines REACH Impact studies which are available in the New Member States. The second report analyses the ability of specialty chemicals companies in selected countries to implement REACH. This ability is examined on the basis of techno-economic case studies. From the economic aspect...

Regulating Air Emissions from Ships: The State of the Art on Methodologies, Technologies and Policy Options

MIOLA Apollonia; CIUFFO BIAGIO; GIOVINE EMILIANO; MARRA Marleen
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: JRC Reference Reports Formato: Printed
Português
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45.49%
In recent years public concerns regarding the environmental impacts of maritime transport have increased. This is because maritime transport is the fifth largest contributor to air pollution and carbon emissions, and the growth rate of trade makes the problem even more pressing. However, considerable environmental improvements can be obtained by changing shipping practices. Current policy actions targeting issues such as emissions relate mainly to the quality of fuel used and to the available technological options. Market based instruments such as emissions trading are under discussion at international level within the IMO. Furthermore, the inclusion of the maritime transport sector within the EU Emission Trading Scheme is on the agenda of the EU strategy to address GHGs. The complexity of air pollution and climate change policies for the international maritime transport sector calls for a wide range of considerations to be taken into account requiring policymakers: 1) to set binding long-term emission reduction goals, 2) to take action in a flexible manner, 3) to ensure knowledge and technology sharing of innovative practices, and 4) transparency, administrative feasibility. This Reference Report summarises the main findings of a research activity carried out over several years and provides a reference framework of the analytical tools for regulating air emissions from ships. It sketches the ¿state of the art¿ with regard to the main methodological aspects of designing policy measures to regulate air emissions from maritime transport. These are: identification of the impacts; estimation of emissions...

LULUCF MRV - Analysis and proposals for enhancing Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of greenhouse gases from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry in the EU

ABAD VIÑAS RAÚL; BLUJDEA Viorel; FEDERICI Sandro; HIEDERER Roland; PILLI ROBERTO; GRASSI Giacomo
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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65.59%
Land use land use change and forestry sector (LULUCF) is a greenhouse gas inventory (GHG) sector that covers anthropogenic emissions and removals from terrestrial carbon stocks living biomass dead organic matter and soil organic carbon following six main land use categories, Forest land, Cropland, Grassland, Wetlands, Settlements and Other land. According to the United Nation Framework Contract on Climate Change (UNFCCC) all Parties shall report periodically an update inventory of anthropogenic emissions and removals of GHG using comparable methodologies provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Additional requirements exist for reporting and accounting emissions/removals from related direct-human induced activities under the Kyoto Protocol (KP), because its accounting quantities are counted towards an international commitment reduction target. International negotiations have resulted in recent years in the adoption of new rules (e.g. mandatory accounting of Forest management) for the second commitment period of the KP (CP2: 2013-2020). Furthermore, Decision 529/2013/EU, going beyond the international negotiation, added the mandatory accounting of Cropland management and Grassland management. All these changes pose new challenges that MS will need to face from 2015 (i.e. for starting to report during CP2). This report describes the actions undertaken in the context of the Administrative Arrangement “LULUCF MRV” (Monitoring...

Operação e legalidade: o direito das alterações climáticas no centro do novo direito administrativo: quadro normativo da União Europeia e Internacional.

Pinto, António Pedro de Oliveira Mota
Fonte: Universidade Portucalense Publicador: Universidade Portucalense
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 Português
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45.42%
Na escolha do tema para a elaboração da presente dissertação de mestrado entendemos que dois fatores teriam de ser decisivamente ponderados: a atualidade do tema; o interesse prático que esse tema tem e terá na nossa vida profissional. Conjugados estes dois fatores, entendemos que o estudo de um tema associado ao Código do Contratos Públicos (adiante CCP) seria bastante apropriado, na medida em que se trata de uma temática de grande relevo jurídico, assente num documento de rutura, que alterou substancialmente os termos em que se desenvolvia a atividade de contratação pública, e que sem dúvida será bastante importante no desenvolvimento das funções que desenvolvemos numa Autarquia Local, levando-nos a refletir sobre aquela que é a matriz da contratação pública e, consequentemente, sobre o acervo de legislação, doutrina e jurisprudência existentes sobre o Naturalmente que era desadequado do formato que se pretende para a elaboração de uma dissertação de mestrado, abordar o CCP no seu todo. Tal decisão levar-nos-ia, inevitavelmente, a ficar pela enunciação genérica dos imensos pontos tratados pelo Código, de uma forma necessariamente superficial e pouco fundamentada. Assim sendo, optamos por nos centrar nas empreitadas de obras públicas...

Dating Cinderella: On subsidiarity as a political safeguard of federalism in the European Union

MARTINICO, Giuseppe
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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55.52%
The aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of the debate on the subsidiarity principle. Subsidiarity is one of the most ambiguous and debated notions in law, and it definitively belongs to all the legal disciplines, from EU law to constitutional and administrative laws, passing through human rights law. The debate on this principle has been enriched recently by a number of articles and books focused on the new provisions concerning national parliaments included in the Lisbon Treaty. When dealing with subsidiarity, the impression, at the first glance, is that of a Cinderella principle because of its evanescent nature (rule or principle?) and of its difficult justiciability. This article suggests that just a strong change in the European Court of Justice's (ECJ's) case law might transform our Cinderella into a real constitutional principle. Despite the vast existing literature, I have decided to focus on a few, in my view, fundamental readings on this point by attempting to describe the noble design behind the introduction of the subsidiarity principle in EU law and the re-evaluation of the weight of this concept in the practice of courts. In doing so, I started from the recent contribution of Robert Schütze, in Chapter 5 of his book...

Financing Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Building Stock : Scaling Up Energy Efficiency in Buildings in the Western Balkans

Kalkum, Bernd
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Português
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55.46%
Within the Western Balkans region, a secure energy supply is critical to sustaining economic growth. Currently, the region relies heavily on imported hydrocarbons and maintains high energy intensity relative to Gross Domestic Product, or GDP. This places a huge burden on companies, which require affordable and reliable infrastructure services to be competitive; the public sector, which spends significant budgetary resources on energy; and households, which have to pay a high portion of their income for energy services. As energy pricing is further rationalized, a higher burden will be placed on all sectors, especially poorer households. The residential sector is a significant energy consumer. Its share of total final energy consumption ranges from 28 percent to 32 percent (compared with the EU average of 27 percent). Fairly simple renovations such as insulation, heating system upgrades, and improvements to windows and lighting could reduce consumption in this sector by some 9 percent, with payback periods generally less than 8 years. Such improvements could help ease the impact of future tariff increases while helping reduce the region's projected energy supply and demand gap.

Latvia's Macroeconomic Options in the Medium Term: Fiscal and Monetary Challenges of EU Membership

Monga, Celestin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.49%
Latvia's experience over the past decade shows that economic growth and real convergence can no longer be assumed to be exogenously driven processes determined by given technological improvements and relatively higher factor returns. Instead, it is an endogenously driven process led by many variables, including policy variables. European Union membership clearly brings enormous economic benefits to Latvia. However, it also brings important challenges on the macroeconomic front, especially prior to the adoption of the euro. Substantial progress has been made toward fiscal consolidation since the mid-1990s but several risks remain. Given the facts that domestic demand remains buoyant and that Latvia will have to accommodate the expenditure commitments associated with NATO and EU membership while simultaneously aiming to fulfill the medium-term goal of a balanced budget, a more prudent fiscal policy should be the main short-term policy objective. The authorities should therefore reassess their current medium-term budget framework and strengthen their fiscal rules so that off-budget spending is eliminated and controls over spending ministries and local government finances are reinforced. They should also rethink any further tax reductions until a clear strategy is designed for compensating for projected losses in government revenues. Monetary policy can contribute to sustainable growth and job creation in Latvia in the medium and long term by providing an environment for price stability. It will have to be complemented by further microeconomic reforms and prudent wage developments aligned with productivity growth.

Pourquoi et comment la médiation préventive du Ministère du travail améliore-t-elle les relations du travail dans les entreprises québécoises?

Robert, Ian
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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45.59%
Le présent mémoire de maîtrise porte sur la médiation préventive en relations du travail. La question de recherche est la suivante : « Pourquoi et comment la médiation préventive du ministère du Travail améliore-t-elle les relations du travail dans les entreprises québécoises? ». La médiation préventive est un mode d’intervention administratif et un mécanisme de soutien additionnel à la législation québécoise offert volontairement depuis plusieurs années par le ministère du Travail aux parties patronale et syndicale qui en font la demande. La médiation préventive se réalise avec le soutien d’un médiateur ou d’une médiatrice du ministère hors de la période de la négociation collective. Son contenu appartient aux parties et les ententes s’effectuent par consensus. La médiation préventive se présente de quatre manières : diagnostic des relations du travail par consensus, diagnostic des relations du travail par entrevue, séminaire en relations du travail et comité de relations du travail. Le modèle conceptuel comporte une variable dépendante qui est les relations du travail, une variable indépendante correspondant à la médiation préventive, le changement organisationnel en tant que variable intermédiaire et une variable de contrôle se rapportant à l’environnement organisationnel. La première des trois hypothèses générales de cette recherche affirme que...

Bulgaria’s Potential for Sustainable Growth and Shared Prosperity; Systematic Country Diagnostic

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Country Focus :: Country Assistance Strategy Document
Português
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45.58%
After years of strong performance in the run-up to the European Union (EU) accession, Bulgaria’s growth has slowed down and poverty remains the highest in the EU. Bulgaria achieved the highest recorded growth rates between 2000-08 on the back of exceptionally high capital inflows, structural reforms, sound fiscal management and the prospects of EU accession. Employment boomed and poverty fell steeply. Since 2008 – the year of global economic crisis – economic growth has been sluggish, poverty on the rise and income gains of the bottom 40 percent. Recently, labor markets and poverty have shown some signs of respite but new growth drivers and a sustained reform commitment will be needed for the current generation of Bulgarians to obtain EU living standards. This Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) identifies three policy areas with the potential to transform the economy and achieve this objective: (1) strengthening the institutional and legal framework for good governance; (2) boosting the skills and employability5 of all Bulgarians; and (3) improving the effectiveness and efficiency of public spending. Drawing on an extensive body of previous and current work carried out by the Bank...

Europeanisation of regional and agricultural policy in the czech republic and poland.

van Stolk, Christian Cornelis
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
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45.61%
This thesis applies a 'europeanisation' perspective to the analysis of the adoption of European Union (EU) regional and agricultural policy in the Czech Republic and Poland during the pre-accession period. EU regional and agricultural policy in the pre-accession period potentially challenged both the sectoral institutional arrangements and the wider executive structure in the Czech Republic and Poland. However, the degree of prescription varied between policy sectors. Temporal factors and policy factors meant that in the regional policy cases the challenge to the executive structure was largely mediated. On the other hand, EU agricultural policy had a high level of prescription. In the case of a fundamental 'misfit' between the EU requirements and the domestic set-up, the research, following neo-institutional perspectives, expects limited adaptation on the sectoral and executive levels. This is the case in Polish agriculture. In the case of Czech agriculture, sectoral reform should be seen in the context of agricultural policy reform started in 1997. In regional policy, the neo-institutional perspective works less well. Here, the thesis proposes an actor- based perspective to explain sectoral adaptation. This sectoral adaptation, such as the alignment of administrative procedures...

Regionalisation via EU multilevel governance and territorial cohesion: Path dependency and institutional change in the western-Mediterranean islands of Corsica and Sardinia.

Casula, Clementina
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.55%
This thesis looks at the definition and diffusion within the EU of a new model of policy-making and implementation based on regions acting within a multilevel system of governance. The focus of the empirical research is on INTERREG, an experimental Community Initiative that has promoted interregional cooperation across national borders. This thesis argues that INTERREG represents a particularly coherent case of the EU's approach to regional planning and territorial development: in fact, it extends multilevel governance to interregional partnerships defined beyond national borders and adds a territorial dimension to the goal of socio-economic cohesion. Since 1990, when INTERREG was first launched, territorial cooperation has become increasingly relevant to EU Regional Policy (and in the accession of new Member States) until when, in 2007, it was mainstreamed as one of the three new priority objectives of the policy. Drawing evidence from the implementation of INTERREG in the 'islands' programme between the regions of Corsica (FR) and Sardinia (I) from 1990 until 2005, this thesis shows how the process of administrative capacity and institution building promoted by the European Commission at the subnational level has gradually empowered regional actors to take responsibility for the planning and management of strategies for sustainable development of their territories. Although lacking the traditions of interregional cooperation and sharing a past of dependency on their respective central governments in development planning...