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"Comparação entre a antropometria e o raio-x de dupla varredura para a avaliação da composição corporal de idosas diabéticas tipo 2 e sua associação com a força de preensão da mão" ; "Comaparison between anthropometry and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to body composition evaluation of elderly diabetics type 2 women and this association with handgrip strength"

Fett, Waléria Christiane Rezende
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.41%
IMPORTÂNCIA: Mudanças significativas na composição corporal ocorrem com o envelhecimento, havendo aumento progressivo da massa gorda e redução da massa magra. Este quadro está associado à perda de força e mobilidade, ao aumento da morbidade e mortalidade. Nos indivíduos diabéticos tipo 2, esta condição é agravada pelas alterações metabólicas impostas pela doença. OBJETIVO: Comparar as medidas da composição corporal de idosas diabéticas tipo 2 pelo método antropométrico e raio-x de dupla varredura (DEXA), e correlacioná-las à força de preensão da mão. MÉTODOS: Cinqüenta e três voluntárias de 60 a 70 anos, com índice de massa corporal (IMC, kg/m2) de 19 a 44, do Ambulatório de Diabetes do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, foram avaliadas por: medidas antropométricas, raio-x de dupla varredura e força de preensão da mão. RESULTADOS: a) composição corporal antropometria x DEXA: não houve diferença estatística entre os métodos para as médias do peso, massa corporal magra, massa corporal gorda, porcentagem de gordura total e porcentagem de gordura do braço (P > 0,05). O peso, a massa corporal magra, a massa corporal gorda e o percentual de gordura total foram significativamente correlacionados pelos dois métodos. b) índices corporais x DEXA: o IMC...

Análise comparativa da antopometria facial entre pais de crianças portadoras de fissuras labiopalatinas e indivíduos sem história familiar de fissuras; Comparative analysis of facial anthropometry between parents of children with cleft lip and palate and individuals without familiar history of clefting

Alves, Ana Paula Pereira Pinheiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Estudos investigativos sobre a influência da hereditariedade nas fissuras orofaciais têm sugerido que indivíduos não-afetados com filhos portadores de fissura labiopalatina apresentam morfologia craniofacial distinta da população geral. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi, por meio de antropometria direta da face, estudar as dimensões faciais dos pais de fissurados em relação a indivíduos sem histórico familiar de fissura, com a finalidade de determinar características faciais que possam inferir uma predisposição à fissura. A amostra foi constituída por 244 indivíduos leucodermas, com média de idade de 34,1 anos, sendo 50 pais e 94 mães de crianças com fissura de lábio com ou sem envolvimento do palato, registrados na Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo, formando o grupo de estudo, que foi subdividido em grupo pais, grupo mães e grupo casal; e 50 homens e 50 mulheres com ausência de história familiar de anomalias craniofaciais, compondo o grupo controle. Após a marcação de pontos antropométricos na face, foram realizadas 38 medidas antropométricas, correspondendo às dimensões faciais de altura, largura e profundidade, com auxílio de paquímetro digital e compasso facial. Para a análise estatística foi utilizado o teste t de Student com correção de Levene para igualdade de variâncias. Os resultados estatisticamente significantes...

Espaços para o corpo: antropometria na arte contemporânea; Spaces for the body: anthropometry in contemporary art

Meiron, Julio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A dissertação Espaços para o corpo: antropometria na arte contemporânea apresenta a pesquisa em relação às operações poéticas desenvolvidas em uma série de trabalhos artísticos; dentre os quais, recortes da produção tridimensional de Hélio Oiticica, Anish Kapoor e Ana Maria Tavares, que visam à criação do que chamaremos de escala antropométrica. Partindo da escultura, a construção desses tridimensionais, ainda que neles seja superada toda figuração, pode se aliar à escala que dimensiona o ser humano. Desse modo, essas obras se relacionam com o corpo do visitante ao se darem à sua experiência como trabalho artístico, uma dimensão, tanto poética, que inclui o espectador, ou o convida a participar dela. Em segundo passo, apresenta a pesquisa estética do próprio autor deste texto e em parceria com Deyson Gilbert, cuja produção resulta em explorações espaciais e temporais propondo questionamentos parcialmente sucedâneos aos dos artistas precedentes.; The dissertation Spaces for the body: anthropometry in contemporary art presents the research related to operations carried out in a poetic series of artworks, among which cutouts of Hélio Oiticicas, Anish Kapoors and Ana Maria Tavares three-dimensional production...

Is chronic hypoxemia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with more marked nutritional deficiency?: A study of the fat-free mass evaluated by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance methods

Godoy, I.; Castro, M. H.; Silva, E.; Togashi, R. H.; Geraldo, R. R C; Campana, A. O.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 102-108
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
In order to determine wheter blood gases abnormalities, specially hypoxemia, are associated with more marked changes in fat-free mass in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (CPOD), nutritional assessment was performed on 16 normoxemic (PaO 2 > 55 mm Hg) and 16 hypoxemic (PaO 2 < 55 mm Hg) COPD patients in stable clinical condition. Body weight was expressed as percentage of the ideal body weight. Fat-free mass was estimated by anthropometry (FFM-Anthr) and by bioelectrical impedance (FFM- BI). Handgrip-strength was assessed as a measure of peripheral skeletal muscle strength. Patients were age-matched and presented similar degree of airway obstruction. Malnutrition, defined as body weight less than 90% of the ideal, was observed in 19% of the normoxemic patients and in 25% of the hypoxemic patients (p>0,05). FFM values in hypoxemic patients, estimated by both methods, were not different from those observed in normoxemic patients. No significant difference was observed on handgrip values between the two groups. No correlation was found between nutritional indices and pulmonary function and gases exchange parameters. FFM correlated positively with values of peripheral muscle function in normoxemic and hypoxemic patients. These data add further evidence to the hypothesis that hypoxemia is not a primary cause of the nutritional deficiency observed in COPD patients.

Antropometria, estado nutricional e maturação sexual em meninas de 09 a 17 anos de idade de diferentes niveis socioeconomicos em Cascavel - Parana; Anthropometry, nutritional status and sexual maturation of girls from 09 to 17 years old from differents socioeconomic levels in Cascavel - Parana

Everton Paulo Roman
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/02/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Objetivo: Avaliar a antropometria, o estado nutricional e a maturação sexual de meninas de nove a 17 anos de idade em diferentes níveis socioeconômicos na cidade de Cascavel, oeste do estado do Paraná - Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado no ano de 2006 com 2.761 meninas em 27 escolas (14 particulares e 13 públicas).Foram avaliados o peso e estatura para o cálculo do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC). A idade da menarca foi obtida pelo método status quo. Para a avaliação da maturação sexual foi realizada a auto-avaliação de acordo com os critérios descritos por Tanner.O nível socioeconômico foi obtido por meio do questionário da ABEP (2003) sendo dividido nos tercis alto, médio e baixo. Todas as avaliações foram realizadas de acordo com os procedimentos internacionalmente aceitos. O estado nutricional foi definido como baixo peso IMC< percentil 5; eutrofia IMC >percentil 5 e < percentil 85, sobrepeso IMC >percentil 85 e obesidade > percentil 95 e comparados com os padrões propostos pelo CDC (2000) e Conde e Monteiro (2006). Para análise dos dados foi realizada estatística descritiva, com valores de média e desvio padrão.Utilizou-se o teste qui-quadrado (χ2), análise de variância seguida do teste de Tukey...

Upper Arm Anthropometry Is Not a Valid Predictor of Regional Body Composition in Preterm Infants

Pereira-da-Silva, L; Abecassis, F; Virella, D; Videira-Amaral, J
Fonte: Karger Publicador: Karger
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Background: Upper arm anthropometry has been used in the nutritional assessment of small infants, but it has not yet been validated as a predictor of regional body composition in this population. Objective: Validation of measured and derived upper arm anthropometry as a predictor of arm fat and fat-free compartments in preterm infants. Methods: Upper arm anthropometry, including the upper arm cross-sectional areas, was compared individually or in combination with other anthropometric measurements, with the cross-sectional arm areas measured by magnetic resonance imaging, in a cohort of consecutive preterm appropriate-for-gestationalage neonates, just before discharge. Results: Thirty infants born with (mean 8 SD) a gestational age of 30.7 8 1.9 weeks and birth weight of 1,380 8 325 g, were assessed at 35.4 8 1.1 weeks of corrected gestational age, weighing 1,785 8 93 g. None of the anthropometric measurements are reliable predictors (r 2 ! 0.56) of the measurements obtained by magnetic resonance imaging, individually or in combination with other anthropometric measurements. Conclusion: Both measured anthropometry and derived upper arm anthropometry are inaccurate predictors of regional body composition in preterm appropriate-for-gestational-age infants.

Upper Arm Anthropometry Is Not a Valid Predictor of Regional Body Composition in Preterm Infants

Pereira-da-Silva, L; Abecassis, F; Virella, D; Videira-Amaral, J
Fonte: Karger Publicador: Karger
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Background: Upper arm anthropometry has been used in the nutritional assessment of small infants, but it has not yet been validated as a predictor of regional body composition in this population. Objective: Validation of measured and derived upper arm anthropometry as a predictor of arm fat and fat-free compartments in preterm infants. Methods: Upper arm anthropometry, including the upper arm cross-sectional areas, was compared individually or in combination with other anthropometric measurements, with the cross-sectional arm areas measured by magnetic resonance imaging, in a cohort of consecutive preterm appropriate-for-gestationalage neonates, just before discharge. Results: Thirty infants born with (mean 8 SD) a gestational age of 30.7 8 1.9 weeks and birth weight of 1,380 8 325 g, were assessed at 35.4 8 1.1 weeks of corrected gestational age, weighing 1,785 8 93 g. None of the anthropometric measurements are reliable predictors (r 2 ! 0.56) of the measurements obtained by magnetic resonance imaging, individually or in combination with other anthropometric measurements. Conclusion: Both measured anthropometry and derived upper arm anthropometry are inaccurate predictors of regional body composition in preterm appropriate-for-gestational-age infants.

Image analysis software versus direct anthropometry for breast measurements

Quieregatto,Paulo Rogério; Hochman,Bernardo; Furtado,Fabianne; Machado,Aline Fernanda Perez; Sabino Neto,Miguel; Ferreira,Lydia Masako
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSE: To compare breast measurements performed using the software packages ImageTool(r), AutoCAD(r) and Adobe Photoshop(r) with direct anthropometric measurements. METHODS: Points were marked on the breasts and arms of 40 volunteer women aged between 18 and 60 years. When connecting the points, seven linear segments and one angular measurement on each half of the body, and one medial segment common to both body halves were defined. The volunteers were photographed in a standardized manner. Photogrammetric measurements were performed by three independent observers using the three software packages and compared to direct anthropometric measurements made with calipers and a protractor. RESULTS: Measurements obtained with AutoCAD(r) were the most reproducible and those made with ImageTool(r) were the most similar to direct anthropometry, while measurements with Adobe Photoshop(r) showed the largest differences. Except for angular measurements, significant differences were found between measurements of line segments made using the three software packages and those obtained by direct anthropometry. CONCLUSION: AutoCAD(r) provided the highest precision and intermediate accuracy; ImageTool(r) had the highest accuracy and lowest precision; and Adobe Photoshop(r) showed intermediate precision and the worst accuracy among the three software packages.

Specific Infant Feeding Practices Do Not Consistently Explain Variation in Anthropometry at Age 1 Year in Urban United States, Mexico, and China Cohorts12

Woo, Jessica G.; Guerrero, M. Lourdes; Ruiz-Palacios, Guillermo M.; Peng, Yong-mei; Herbers, Patricia M.; Yao, Wen; Ortega, Hilda; Davidson, Barbara S.; McMahon, Robert J.; Morrow, Ardythe L.
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Infant feeding practices generally influence infant growth, but it is unclear how introduction of specific foods affects growth across global populations. We studied 3 urban populations in the Global Exploration of Human Milk study to determine the association between infant feeding and anthropometry at 1 y of age. Three hundred sixty-five breastfeeding mother-infant pairs (120 US, 120 China, and 125 Mexico) were recruited soon after the infant’s birth. Enrollment required agreement to breastfeed ≥75% for at least 3 mo. Weekly, 24-h, food frequency data were conducted on infants for 1 y and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) duration and timing of specific complementary food introduction were calculated. Weight and length were measured at age 1 y and anthropometry Z-scores calculated using WHO standards. Cohorts in the 3 urban populations (Shanghai, China; Cincinnati, USA; and Mexico City, Mexico) differed by median EBF duration (5, 14, and 7 wk, respectively; P < 0.001), timing of introduction of meat/eggs/legumes (4.8, 9.3, and 7.0 mo, respectively; P < 0.0001), and other feeding practices. By age 1 y, infants in Shanghai were heavier and longer than Cincinnati and Mexico City infants (P < 0.001). Adjusting for nonfeeding covariates...

Applications of anthropometry in torsoplastic surgery

Fantozzi, Fabio
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
The study of anthropometry defines the beauty of the torso from a geometric perspective. Anthropometry therefore aids the plastic surgeon in planning the reshaping of the torso and also makes positioning of areolae and the umbilicus easier. When performing surgery on the breast, it is necessary to relate the breast to the torso as a whole, being anthropometry perfect for this process. When the anthropometric proportions are respected, the result is aesthetically optimal, and the perceived beauty of the body is enhanced. The study of anthropometry is widespread in the artistic field, and I have chosen the work of sculptor, Carlo Rochet, as the basis for my own use of anthropometry during plastic surgery.

Application of Digital Anthropometry for Craniofacial Assessment

Jayaratne, Yasas S. N.; Zwahlen, Roger A.
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Craniofacial anthropometry is an objective technique based on a series of measurements and proportions, which facilitate the characterization of phenotypic variation and quantification of dysmorphology. With the introduction of stereophotography, it is possible to acquire a lifelike three-dimensional (3D) image of the face with natural color and texture. Most of the traditional anthropometric landmarks can be identified on these 3D photographs using specialized software. Therefore, it has become possible to compute new digital measurements, which were not feasible with traditional instruments. The term “digital anthropometry” has been used by researchers based on such systems to separate their methods from conventional manual measurements. Anthropometry has been traditionally used as a research tool. With the advent of digital anthropometry, this technique can be employed in several disciplines as a noninvasive tool for quantifying facial morphology. The aim of this review is to provide a broad overview of digital anthropometry and discuss its clinical applications.

Composição corporal e antropometria de idosos:concordância entre métodos, desenvolvimento e validação de equações preditivas e pontos de corte; Body composition and anthropometry of the elderly:agreement between methods, development and validation of predictive equations and cutoffs.

BARBOSA, Larissa Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
The aim of this study was to assess body composition and anthropometry of the elderly with regard to agreement between methods, development and validation of predictive equations and cutoffs. We evaluated 132 elderly patients (52 men and 80 women) aged between 60 and 91 years, users of primary health care, not institutionalized and drawn at random in proportion to the nine health districts of Goiânia, GO. For collection of anthropometric measurements, bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), standardized procedures were used by trained examiners and equipment was calibrated regularly. Analyses were performed using STATA/SE. Descriptive analysis, tests for comparison of means, equation validation according to criteria suggested by Lohman, Bland-Altman and Lin graphic analysis and ROC (receiver operator characteristic curve) analysis were carried out. The project was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Goias. The Durnin and Womersley equation showed the highest concordance correlation coefficient (CCC = 0.846) and the lowest mean differences (MD = - 2.335) for males. The equations of Lean et al. (for men) and Deurenberg et al. (for women) showed the highest correlation with and lowest mean differences from DEXA. Equations were proposed to estimate body fat percentage (BF%): (males: BF% = - 16.868 + 0.571TSF + 0.409WC and females: BF% = 8.634 + 0.601BMI + 0.321SISF + 0.234SSSF + 0.398TSF 0.467BSF). In both sexes...

Sarcopenia em idosos: revisão, prevalência, concordância entre métodos diagnósticos e antropometria como proposta de rasatreamento; Sarcopenia in the elderly: review, prevalence, agreement between diagnostic methods and anthropometry as a screening proposition

Pagotto, Valéria
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde (FM); Faculdade de Medicina - FM (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
The aim of this study was to review methods and diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia available in the literature to estimate the prevalence and concordance between them, in a sample of elderly Goiânia, and propose anthropometry for screening sarcopenia. To review methods we used the recommendations for systematic review and meta-analysis of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. For other purposes, we used a subsample of 132 elderly Senior Project/ Goiânia, selected in proportion to the Sanitation Districts of Goiânia. The data were collected by staff previously trained and standardized. Sarcopenia was analyzed by mass and muscle strength. The mass mucular was estimated by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometry, and muscle strength through hand grip strength (FPP). Analyses were performed in STATA 12.0, comparison of means and proportions, estimation of prevalence and prevalence ratio, Kappa, calculation of sensitivity and specificity analysis and ROC (receiver operator characteristic) curve. The project was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Goiás. In 28 prevalence studies reviewed were found three methods for the diagnosis of sarcopenia: DEXA BIA and anthropometry with significant variations in prevalence as sex and the method adopted. Applying the diagnostic criteria found in the subsample Elderly Project/ Goiânia...

Estimating abdominal adipose tissue with DXA and anthropometry

Hill, A.; LaForgia, J.; Coates, A.; Buckley, J.; Howe, P.
Fonte: North Amer Assoc Study Obesity Publicador: North Amer Assoc Study Obesity
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Objective: To identify an anatomically defined region of interest (ROI) from DXA assessment of body composition that when combined with anthropometry can be used to accurately predict intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT) in overweight/obese individuals. Research Methods and Procedures: Forty-one postmenopausal women (age, 49 to 66 years; BMI, 26 to 37 kg/m2) underwent anthropometric and body composition assessments. ROI were defined as quadrilateral boxes extending 5 or 10 cm above the iliac crest and laterally to the edges of the abdominal soft tissue. A single-slice computed tomography (CT) scan was measured at the L3 to L4 intervertebral space, and abdominal skinfolds were taken. Results: Forward step-wise regression revealed the best predictor model of IAAT area measured by CT (r2 = 0.68, standard error of estimate = 17%) to be: IAAT area (centimeters squared) = 51.844 + DXA 10-cm ROI (grams) (0.031) + abdominal skinfold (millimeters) (1.342). Interobserver reliability for fat mass (r = 0.994; coefficient of variation, 2.60%) and lean mass (r = 0.986, coefficient of variation, 2.67%) in the DXA 10-cm ROI was excellent. Discussion: This study has identified a DXA ROI that can be reliably measured using prominent anatomical landmarks...

Relationships of Maternal and Paternal Anthropometry With Neonatal Body Size, Proportions and Adiposity in an Australian Cohort

Pomeroy, Emma; Wells, Jonathan C. K.; Cole, Tim J.; O'Callaghan, Michael; Stock, Jay T.
Fonte: American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156: 625?636. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22680 Publicador: American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156: 625?636. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22680
Tipo: Article; published version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This is the final published version. It originally appeared at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajpa.22680/abstract;jsessionid=C9174F1F8C90CA60D91F169281043AFC.f04t01.; The patterns of association between maternal or paternal and neonatal phenotype may offer insight into how neonatal characteristics are shaped by evolutionary processes, such as conflicting parental interests in fetal investment and obstetric constraints. Paternal interests are theoretically served by maximizing fetal growth, and maternal interests by managing investment in current and future offspring, but whether paternal and maternal influences act on different components of overall size is unknown. We tested whether parents? prepregnancy height and body mass index (BMI) were related to neonatal anthropometry (birthweight, head circumference, absolute and proportional limb segment and trunk lengths, subcutaneous fat) among 1,041 Australian neonates using stepwise linear regression. Maternal and paternal height and maternal BMI were associated with birthweight. Paternal height related to offspring forearm and lower leg lengths, maternal height and BMI to neonatal head circumference, and maternal BMI to offspring adiposity. Principal components analysis identified three components of variability reflecting neonatal ?head and trunk skeletal size...

Anthropometry and biomechanics: characteristics, principles and anthropometric models; Antropometria em biomecânica: características, princípios e modelos antropométricos

Iberes Lopes Melo, Sebastião; Prof. Doutor, CEFID/UDESC.; dos Santos, Saray Giovana; Profª NuPAF/DEF/CDS/UFSC - Doutoranda em Ergonomia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares"; "Avaliado por Pares"; Bibliográfica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.35%
Due to the importance of interdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity to the complex analysis of human movement, and in an attempt to seek to bring Kinanthropometry and Biomechanics closer together, through anthropometry, this review article was compiled in order to: present the historical evolution of anthropometry and the theoretical presuppositions on which its anthropometric models are based; to present anthropometry as a method for measurement in biomechanics; to describe the role and scope of anthropometry in biomechanics by discussing some of its applications and contributions. Initially, an analysis is made of historical and conceptual aspects and anthropometric models are presented and characterized together with their theoretical presuppositions and limitations. Anthropometry is then analyzed in the context of the different methods for measuring in biomechanics, studying its position within the process of analyzing human movement as a prerequisite of kinemetry and dynamometry and also of synchronized analysis. What follows is a refl ection on the role and scope of anthropometry within the analysis of movement, with examples from drawn from several studies, and an identifi cation of their respective contributions. Finally...

A antropometria e sua aplicação na ergonomia; Anthropometry and it application in ergonomics

Rodriguez-Añez, Ciro Romelio; Doutorando em Engenharia de Produção: Ergonomia UFSC. Professor da PUC/PR.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Florianópolis, SC. Brasil
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; "Avaliado por Pares"; "Avaliado por Pares"; Bibliográfica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
A antropometria é o ramo das ciências humanas que estuda as medidas do corpo, particularmente o tamanho e a forma. A ergonomia é a ciência do trabalho e envolve: as pessoas que o fazem, a forma como é feito, as ferramentas e equipamentos que elas usam, os lugares em que elas trabalham e os aspectos psicossociais nas situações de trabalho. De forma bastante simplificada, pode ser entendida como a adaptação do trabalho ao homem. Uma característica da ergonomia é a sua interdisciplinaridade, pois diversas áreas do conhecimento lhe dão sustentação. A antropometria assumiu uma importância especial com o surgimento dos sistemas complexos de trabalho onde o conhecimento das dimensões físicas do homem com exatidão, é muito importante. Uma das aplicações das medidas antropométricas na ergonomia é no dimensionamento do espaço de trabalho e no desenvolvimento de produtos industrializados como mobília, automóveis, erramentas, etc. Com o avanço da tecnologia, haverá um aumento na precisão e automatização das técnicas de medida para uma melhor definição do tamanho humano e da mecânica do espaço de trabalho, roupas e equipamentos. Uma ferramenta bem desenvolvida, terá um desempenho melhor nas mãos de um operador sem prejudicar as estruturas músculo-esqueléticas do mesmo. Por outro lado...

Anthropometry of height, weight, arm, wrist, abdominal circumference and body mass index, for Bolivian adolescents 12 to 18 years: Bolivian adolescent percentile values from the MESA study

Baya Botti,A.; Pérez-Cueto,F. J. A.; Vasquez Monllor,P. A.; Kolsteren,P. W.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Anthropometry is important as clinical tool for individual follow-up as well as for planning and health policymaking at population level. Recent references of Bolivian Adolescents are not available. The aim of this cross sectional study was to provide age and sex specific centile values and charts of Body Mass Index, height, weight, arm, wrist and abdominal circumference from Bolivian Adolescents. Data from the MEtabolic Syndrome in Adolescents (MESA) study was used. Thirty-two Bolivian clusters from urban and rural areas were selected randomly considering population proportions, 3445 school going adolescents, 12 to 18 y, 45% males; 55% females underwent anthropometric evaluation by trained personnel using standardized protocols for all interviews and examinations. Weight, height, wrist, arm and abdominal circumference data were collected. Body Mass Index was calculated. Smoothed age- and gender specific 3rd, 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 85th, 90th, 95th and 97th Bolivian adolescent percentiles(BAP) and Charts(BAC) where derived using LMS regression. Percentile-based reference data for the antropometrics of for Bolivian Adolescents are presented for the first time.

Methods of predicting visceral fat in Brazilian adults and older adults: a comparison between anthropometry and computerized tomography

Carneiro Roriz,Anna Karla; Cunha de Oliveira,Carolina; Almeida Moreira,Pricilla; Eickemberg,Michaela; Barreto Medeiros,Jairza Maria; Ramos Sampaio,Lílian
Fonte: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición Publicador: Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nutrición
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is linked with the metabolic consequences of obesity, being necessary the use alternative methods of predicting this type of fat, like anthropometry. The objective of this study was assess the performance of anthropometry in predicting visceral fat measured with computerized tomography in adults and older adults. Study transversal with 197 individuals underwent computerized tomography (CT) and anthropometry. The variables analized were: visceral adipose tissue area by CT, Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (SAD), Waist Circumference (WC) and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR). A descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation and ROC curve were carried out. We observed Correlations higher than 0.7 (p=0.000) between the SAD, WC and the VAT area were found in adult men and older men and in adult women. WHR displayed the least correlations. The most sensitive and specific SAD cut-off points were equal for all the men (Adults: 20.2 cm /Older adults: 20.2 cm) but different for the women (Adults: 21.0 cm; sens.: 83.3; spec.: 79.1 /Older adults: 19.9 cm; sens.: 81.0; spec.:79.3). The WC cut-off points that identified a VAT area =130cm² were 90.2 cm and 92.2 cm for men (adult men - sens.: 86.7; spec.: 86.1 - and older men- sens.: 79.3; spec.: 77.8 -respectively)...

Effect of menopause, anthropometry, nutrition and lifestyle on bone status of women in the northern mediterranean

Zezelj,S Pavicic; Cvijanovic,O; Micovic,V; Bobinac,D; Crncevic-Orlic,Z; Malatestinic,G
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of age, menopause, anthropometry, nutrition and lifestyle on bone status of women of the Northern Mediterranean Region of Croatia, which is considered the Adriatic Coast of Southeast Europe. METHODS: Quantitative ultrasound measurement was performed on the women's right heel and the values of the primary parameters (the Broad Ultrasonic Attenuation and the Speed of Sound [BUA and SOS]) were obtained. Dietary data were assessed with specially designed semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Multiple regression analysis was employed to examine the influence of age and anthropometry, as well as hormonal and nutritional factors on BUA and SOS. RESULTS: In all female subjects, both primary parameters were predicted by menopause. Among nutrition and lifestyle factors, carbohydrates were significant predictors for BUA (β= -0.151, p < 0.05), and smoking is significant predictor for SOS (β= -0.113, p < 0.05). In premenopausal women, BUA is significantly predicted by body height (β= 0.71, p < 0.05) and body mass index (β= 1.44, p < 0.05). In postmenopausal women, both primary parameters are strongly predicted by age and anthropometric parameters. Besides...