Página 1 dos resultados de 3382 itens digitais encontrados em 0.013 segundos

Effect of free or protein-associated soy isoflavones on the antioxidant status in rats

BARBOSA, Ana C. L.; LAJOLO, Franco M.; GENOVESE, Maria I.
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of chronic ingestion of free and protein-associated soy isoflavones on the antioxidant status in male Wistar rats. Free isoflavone (iso), protein-associated soy isoflavone (iso + prot) and soy protein (prot) extracts were administered for 30 days by gavage to the rats at a dosage of 1 mg aglycone isoflavones per 200 g body weight, adjusted daily, and the prot group was given the same concentration of soy protein received by the iso + prot group. Antioxidant capacity of plasma, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) and glutathione (GSH) levels and catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in plasma, erythrocytes and tissues and gene expression levels in liver and kidney were evaluated. RESULTS: Chronic ingestion of free but not of protein-associated soy isoflavones nor of solely soy protein increased plasma antioxidant capacity and GPx activity in erythrocytes. Soy protein increased CAT activity and gene expression in liver. SOD activity in erythrocytes was increased by all treatments. CONCLUSION: The overall results confirm that dietary soy isoflavones have a positive effect on antioxidant status, enhancing antioxidant capacity of plasma and antioxidant enzymes in various tissues...

Differential responses of antioxidant enzymes in pioneer and late-successional tropical tree species grown under sun and shade conditions

FAVARETTO, Viviane F.; MARTINEZ, Carlos A.; SORIANI, Hilda H.; FURRIEL, Rosa P. M.
Fonte: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD Publicador: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
To investigate the ability of pioneer and late-successional species to adapt to a strong light environment in a reforestation area, we examined the activities of antioxidant enzymes in relation to photosystem chlorophyll a fluorescence and photosynthetic pigment concentration for eight tropical tree species grown under 100% (sun) and 10% (shade) sunlight irradiation. The pioneer (early-succession) species (PS) were Cecropia pachystachya, Croton urucurana, Croton floribundus and Schinus terebinthifolius. The non-pioneer (late succession) species (LS) were Hymenaea courbaril L var. stilbocarpa, Esenbeckia leiocarpa, Cariniana legalis and Tabebuia roseo-alba. We observed a greater decline in the ratio of variable to maximum chlorophyll a fluorescence (F(v)/F(m)) under full sunlight irradiation in the late-successional species than in the pioneer species. The LS species most sensitive to high irradiance were C. legalis and H. courbaril. In LS species, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll concentrations were higher in the shade-grown plants than in plants that developed under full sunlight, but in the PS species C. floribundus and C. pachystachya, we did not observe significant changes in chlorophyll content when grown in the two contrasting environments. The carotenoids/total chlorophyll ratio increased significantly when plants developed under high-sunlight irradiation...

Effects of Mate Tea (Ilex paraguariensis) Ingestion on mRNA Expression of Antioxidant Enzymes, Lipid Peroxidation, and Total Antioxidant Status in Healthy Young Women

MATSUMOTO, Ruth L. T.; BASTOS, Deborah H. M.
Fonte: AMER CHEMICAL SOC Publicador: AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
The antioxidant activity of mate tea, the roasted product derived from yerba mate (Ilex paraguarienis), was observed in vitro and in animal models, but studies in humans are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mate tea supplementation on plasma susceptibility to oxidation and on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in healthy nonsmoking women, after acute or prolonged ingestion. We evaluated plasma total antioxidant status (TAS), the kinetics of diene conjugate generation, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) contents in plasma, as well as mRNA levels of antioxidant gluthatione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT). After the supplementation period with mate tea, lipid peroxidation was acutely lowered, an effect that was maintained after prolonged administration. Total antioxidant status and the level of antioxidant enzyme gene expression were also demonstrated after prolonged consumption. These results suggest that regular consumption of mate tea may increase antioxidant defense of the body by multiple mechanisms.; FAPESP (Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo)

Short-term creatine supplementation decreases reactive oxygen species content with no changes in expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes in skeletal muscle

Ferreira, Lucas Guimarães; Pinheiro, Carlos Hermano da Justa; Romero, Frederico Gerlinger; Vitzel, Kaio Fernando; Nachbar, Renato Tadeu; Curi, Rui; Nunes, Maria Tereza
Fonte: SPRINGER; NEW YORK Publicador: SPRINGER; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
The effect of short-term creatine (Cr) supplementation upon content of skeletal muscle-derived-reactive oxygen species (ROS) was investigated. Wistar rats were supplemented with Cr (5 g/kg BW) or vehicle, by gavage, for 6 days. Soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were removed and incubated for evaluation of ROS content using Amplex-UltraRed reagent. The analysis of expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase 1 and 2, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) were performed. Direct scavenger action of Cr on superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide was also investigated. Short-term Cr supplementation attenuated ROS content in both soleus and EDL muscles (by 41 and 33.7%, respectively). Cr supplementation did not change expression and activity of antioxidant enzymes. Basal TBARS content was not altered by Cr supplementation. In cell-free experiments, Cr showed a scavenger effect on superoxide radical in concentrations of 20 and 40 mM, but not on hydrogen peroxide. These results indicate that Cr supplementation decreases ROS content in skeletal muscle possibly due to a direct action of Cr molecule on superoxide radical.; Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (CNPq)

Resposta de enzimas antioxidantes à aplicação do herbicida glifosato em variedades de soja transgênica e não transgênica; Antioxidant enzymes response to glyhosate herbicide application in transgenic and nottrangenic soybean "varieties"

Moldes, Carlos Alberto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/03/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Os herbicidas são aplicados em lavouras com o objetivo de eliminar plantas daninhas presentes, mas os efeitos sobre as culturas muitas vezes não são perceptíveis ou não são amplamente considerados. As plantas sob condições de estresse, podem reagir ao elicitor manifestando reações oxidativas durante as quais espécies reativas de oxigênio (EROs) são geradas. O herbicida glifosato atua como um inibidor competitivo da 5-enolpiruvil xiquimato-3- fosfato sintase da via do xiquimato e o seu efeito herbicida imediato é a inibição da síntese de aminoácidos aromáticos e metabólitos secundários derivados dos fenilpropanoides. A geração de espécies ativas de oxigênio e mecanismos de resposta a estresse oxidativo não são freqüentes no estudo do herbicida glifosato, portanto o presente trabalho objetivou estudar e avaliar parâmetros bioquímicos que poderiam ser afetados pelo herbicida glifosato em variedades suscetíveis e resistentes (transgênicos) dando ênfase na resposta de enzimas antioxidantes e no balanço de aminoácidos. Foram desenvolvidos dois experimentos onde em um deles foi avaliado o efeito da concentração de glifosato em plantas crescidas em hidroponia e no outro foi avaliada a resposta de plântulas de soja de quatro variedades de soja duas resistentes e duas susceptíveis. O perfil de aminoácidos mostrou estar alterado entre variedades susceptíveis e resistentes. O aumento de asparagina...

Caracterização antioxidante do café (Coffea arabica, L.) e efeitos da sua administração oral em ratos; Antioxidant characterization of coffee (Coffea arabica, L.) and the effects of its oral feed in rats

Vicente, Silvio José Valadão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.5%
Introdução: Um dos fatores de risco para doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis é o excesso de espécies reativas causado pelo estresse oxidativo. Ácidos fenólicos atuam na defesa contra estas espécies, agindo como antioxidantes e como fatores de transcrição para as enzimas antioxidantes fase II (superóxido dismutase, catalase e glutationa peroxidase). Vários alimentos possuem ácidos fenólicos na composição porém o café se destaca pelo alto conteúdo dos mesmos e por ser consumido mundialmente. Objetivos: a) Comparar a capacidade antioxidante e a estabilidade dos cafés regular e descafeinado ao longo de seis meses; b) Verificar o tempo de resposta e possíveis correlações dose-resposta do efeito antioxidante em ratos após dose única de café; c) Avaliar o efeito antioxidante e possíveis danos hepáticos em ratos submetidos a doses repetidas de café durante 30 dias. Métodos: na etapa in vitro, foram analisados os compostos fenólicos totais, os principais ácidos fenólicos, a capacidade antioxidante (ORAC e DPPH) e a estabilidade destes parâmetros nos cafés regular e descafeinado durante seis meses. Na etapa in vivo, foram utilizados ratos machos Wistar, sendo dosadas as enzimas fase II e o ORAC, além do exame histopatológico e biomarcadores. Resultados: o café regular apresentou capacidade antioxidante inicial superior ao descafeinado com compostos fenólicos totais iguais e maiores teores de ácido fenólicos (15...

Efeito do processamento do alho (Allium sativum L.) sobre os seus compostos bioativos e potencial antioxidante in vitro e in vivo; Effect of processing of garlic (Allium sativum L.) on their bioactive compounds and antioxidant potential in vitro and in vivo.

Queiroz, Yara Severino de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/02/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
Introdução: O aumento do consumo de frutas e hortaliças está associado à redução do risco de ocorrência de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. Este efeito protetor tem sido atribuído particularmente à presença de vários compostos bioativos como compostos fenólicos e organosulfurados, além de fitosteróis presentes no alho que podem contribuir com os efeitos antioxidante e hipolipemiante. Porém, o processamento do alho pode acarretar mudanças na quantidade e na efetividade dos compostos bioativos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar se a cocção e a fritura do alho reduziram as concentrações de compostos bioativos, o potencial antioxidante in vitro e in vivo em hamsters hipercolesterolemizados. Métodos: In vitro - foram determinados nos alhos cru, frito e cozido: a) composição centesimal (proteínas, lipídios, cinzas, carboidratos, fibra alimentar solúvel e insolúvel); b) perfil de ácidos graxos; c) teor de fenólicos totais; d) teor de quercetina, miricetina e apigenina; e) fitosteróis; f) alicina; g) teor de cobre, zinco e selênio; h) produtos intermediários da reação de Maillard; i) potencial antioxidante utilizando os testes ORAC (Oxygen radical absorbance capacity), Rancimat® e o sistema -caroteno/ácido linoléico. In vivo - hamsters machos foram distribuidos em 5 grupos com 10 animais em cada grupo. 1 - controle; 2 - hipercolesterolêmico; 3- hipercolesterolêmico e alho cru; grupo 4 - hipercolesterolêmico e alho cozido; grupo 5 - hipercolesterolêmico e alho frito. Os animais foram eutanasiados após 4 semanas de estudo para análises do plasma e do tecido hepático. No plasma foi determinado o potencial antioxidante pelo teste ORAC...

Comparação da capacidade antioxidante de torras de café e seus efeitos sobre fatores de risco cardiovascular em indivíduos saudáveis; Comparison of the antioxidant capacity of coffee roasts and their effects on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy subjects

Corrêa, Telma Angelina Faraldo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/09/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
O café, rico em substâncias bioativas, está entre os maiores contribuintes para a ingestão de antioxidantes em vários países. O tipo de torra dos grãos influencia em sua atividade antioxidante. Estudos indicam que o consumo moderado de café filtrado está envolvido na redução do risco de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis, geralmente associadas entre si e que se constituem em graves problemas de saúde pública. Entretanto, a literatura não apresenta consenso sobre a ação benéfica do café na redução do risco destas doenças. Objetivos: Comparar a atividade antioxidante de dois graus de torras de café (torra média-clara e média) e seus efeitos sobre biomarcadores de risco cardiovascular em indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: A caracterização de antioxidantes nas bebidas foi realizada pelas análises de compostos fenólicos totais, perfil de ácidos fenólicos, cafeína, melanoidinas e capacidade antioxidante total - TAC (sequestro do radical DPPH e capacidade de absorbância do radical oxigênio - ORAC). Após 1 semana de washout, vinte voluntários saudáveis (20 a 65 anos) ingeriram café filtrado preparado com torra média-clara ou torra média por 4 semanas e com o outro tipo de torra por mais 4 semanas em um ensaio clínico randomizado do tipo crossover...

Análise dos níveis relativos de transcrição de genes antioxidantes e da cadeia de transporte de elétrons de Aspergillus fumigatus; Transcription relative levels analysis of Aspergillus fumigatus antioxidant and electrons transport chain genes

Rodrigues, Renata Vilela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.38%
Aspergillus fumigatus é um fungo oportunista, sendo uma importante causa de morbidade e mortalidade entre os pacientes imunossuprimidos, acometidos com aspergilose invasiva. O sistema de defesa antioxidante do fungo atua como fator primordial de sua patogenicidade, mitigando os efeitos deletérios de espécies reativas produzidas pelo hospedeiro. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de avaliar o nível de transcrição relativo dos genes associados às proteínas mitocondriais e antioxidantes na presença de diferentes agentes pró-oxidantes para hifas e germinantes de cepas controle (CEA17) e nocaute para oxidase alternativa (?aoxA) de A. fumigatus. Utilizando qPCR, foram analisados 23 genes para as cepas CEA17 e mutante, dentre os quais, 5 associados à cadeia de transporte de elétrons (CTE), 4 relacionados aos componentes alternativos mitocondriais e 14 associados às proteínas antioxidantes. Os resultados foram obtidos através da normalização com o gene constitutivo gapdh utilizando a cepa CEA17 sem tratamento de cada fase de desenvolvimento celular como calibrador. As diferenças de transcrição da maioria dos genes estudados variaram com o pró-oxidante utilizado e com a fase de desenvolvimento celular (germinantes e hifas). A CTE em germinantes apresentou maiores níveis de transcritos dos complexos II e III em CEA17 do que em ?aoxA tratadas com menadiona. Com os demais complexos e atpase não foram observadas diferenças significativas quando comparados os resultados de ambas as cepas. Entretanto...

Atividade antioxidante in vitro e in vivo de suco de uva e da norbixina; Grape juice and norbixin : in vitro in vivo antioxidant activity

Jane Cristina de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Estudos epidemiológicos demonstram que o consumo de dietas ricas em alimentos e bebidas de origem vegetal está associado à redução do desenvolvimento de doenças crônico-degenerativas. Tais alimentos são fontes de substâncias como carotenóides e polifenóis que podem atuar como agentes quimioprotetores, reduzindo os danos causados por espécies reativas de oxigênio, formadas tanto em condições fisiológicas quanto patológicas. Os objetivos do trabalho foram determinar in vivo a atividade antioxidante do suco de uva e da norbixina contra o estresse oxidativo provocado pela administração de Acetaminofeno (AAP), assim como determinar in vitro, a capacidade antioxidante dos sucos durante o processamento e estocagem. Foram dosados os teores de fenólicos totais pelo método de Folin-Ciocalteau, Catequinas e Epicatequinas por CLAE, principais componentes polares ativos por espectrometria de massa com ionização por electrospray com infusão direta (ESI-MS) e capacidade antioxidante pelo método do DPPH. Para determinação da atividade antioxidante in vivo foi conduzido um ensaio biológico com duração de 30 dias. Foram utilizados 30 ratos Wistar machos divididos em 6 grupos (n=5). Os animais ingeriram, duas vezes ao dia...

Age-related changes in antioxidant enzyme activities, fatty acid composition and lipid peroxidation in whole body gammarus locusta (crustacea: amphipoda)

Correia, Ana; Costa, Maria; Orlando, Luis; Livingstone, David
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
The main aim of this work was to provide baseline data on aspects of pro-oxidant and antioxidant processes in different life-stages of the marine amphipod Gammarus locusta. The activities of antioxidant enzymes and levels of lipid peroxidation were determined in whole body juveniles, sub-adults and male and female adults of a laboratory population of G. locusta. Fatty acid composition of individuals at these different stages of development was also characterized in order to examine the contribution that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) might make to the peroxidation status of animals. The antioxidant enzymes, measured in whole body 100, 000 supernatants, comprised catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6), superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC 1.15.1.1) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX; EC 1.11.1.9). Fatty acids were analyzed as fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). Lipid peroxidation was examined in terms of the levels of lipid peroxides determined as thiobarbituric acid-reactive malondialdehyde equivalents. Age-related changes were seen in antioxidant enzyme status: levels of SOD (p< 0.01) and GPX (p< 0.001) activities decreased progressively during development from juveniles to adults. Sex-related changes in GPX activity were also seen, the levels being higher in adult males than females (p< 0.001). The amount of FAME present in whole body amphipod also changed over the life span. Among PUFA...

Evaluation of the genotoxicity effect and antioxidant response of two nanoparticles in Eisenia andrei; Avaliação dos efeitos genotóxicos e resposta antioxidante de duas nanoparticulas em Eisenia andrei

Correia, Bruno Ricardo da Silva
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
In the last few years there has been a growth in the nanotechnology industry. The increase in the discovery and production of new nanomaterials, were the nanoparticles are included, makes their release in the environment more likely. Although in the recent years there has been an increase of published studies related to the toxic effects of these materials, the information available is not enough since a large number of nanomaterials exist. Even though the soils are extremely important for life, there is a lack of toxicity studies available. Taking this in consideration, more studies using the terrestrial compartment are needed. For these studies, earthworms are a recommend species since standard guidelines for toxicity tests in soil using earthworms have been used with success for more than 30 years and this species is essential for the maintenance of properties of this compartment. The aim of our work was to determine if different concentrations of two distinct types of nanoparticles, one inorganic (titanium silicon oxide- TiSiO4) and other organic (sodium dodecyl sulphate/didodecyldimethylammonium bromide- SDS/DDAB), are genotoxic and also if there is an antioxidant response in terrestrial organisms. For this, earthworms from the species Eisenia andrei (weight: from 300 to 600mg) were exposed for 30 days to the“Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development”(OECD) artificial soil contaminated with different concentrations of the tested nanoparticles. After the exposure...

Antioxidant system of ginseng under stress by cadmium

Marques,Teresa Cristina Lara Lanza de Sá e Melo; Soares,Angela Maria
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
Toxic levels of Cd can cause protein denaturation and oxidative stress, which result in membrane damage, enzimatic activity changes and other metabolic damage. Some plants may show alteration in the activity of their antioxidant enzymes as a heavy metal tolerance mechanism. This study aims at evaluating the role of enzymes of the antioxidant system in adaptive responses of the accumulator P. glomerata species to levels of cadmium (Cd). Plants were cultivated in nutrient solutions containing concentrations of Cd in the form of CdSO4 (0, 45 and 90 µmol L-1), for 20 d. Cd concentrations and yields of root and shoot dry matter were determined at the end of the experiment. Malondialdehyde (MDA) production and the activities of antioxidant enzymes were determined after days 1, 12 and 20. Higher Cd concentrations in tissues of P. glomerata were found to reduce biomass production in both roots and shoots. The lipid peroxidation rates in leaves and roots were smaller at the start of the experiment for all Cd levels. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased in leaves on day 1 and in roots on day 20 as Cd levels increased. Cd stress induced an increase in the activity of APX in leaves, whereas in roots ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity was reduced at high concentration of Cd. At the end of the experiment...

Cytokine and Antioxidant Regulation in the Intestine of the Gray Mouse Lemur (Microcebus murinus) During Torpor

Tessier, Shannon N.; Katzenback, Barbara A.; Pifferi, Fabien; Perret, Martine; Storey, Kenneth B.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
During food shortages, the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) of Madagascar experiences daily torpor thereby reducing energy expenditures. The present study aimed to understand the impacts of torpor on the immune system and antioxidant response in the gut of these animals. This interaction may be of critical importance given the trade-off between the energetically costly immune response and the need to defend against pathogen entry during hypometabolism. The protein levels of cytokines and antioxidants were measured in the small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum) and large intestine of aroused and torpid lemurs. While there was a significant decrease of some pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) in the duodenum and jejunum during torpor as compared to aroused animals, there was no change in anti-inflammatory cytokines. We observed decreased levels of cytokines (IL-12p70 and M-CSF), and several chemokines (MCP-1 and MIP-2) but an increase in MIP-1α in the jejunum of the torpid animals. In addition, we evaluated antioxidant response by examining the protein levels of antioxidant enzymes and total antioxidant capacity provided by metabolites such as glutathione (and others). Our results indicated that levels of antioxidant enzymes did not change between torpor and aroused states...

An immunohistochemical analysis of antioxidant and glutathione S-transferase enzyme levels in normal and neoplastic human lung

Coursin, D.B.; Cihla, H.P.; Sempf, J.M.; Oberley, T.D.; Oberley, L.W.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
Samples of normal human lung and six major types of human lung carcinomas were immunostained for antioxidant enzymes (manganese and copper, zinc superoxide dismutases, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) and six isoenzymes of glutathione Stransferase staining was generally low in tumor cells compared with the high level of staining noted in respiratory epithelium. A notable exception was heterogeneity in immunostaining for manganese superoxide dismutase in lung adenocarcinoma, which showed both positive and negative cells in the same tumor. Tumor stromal cells (fibroblast-appearing cells) often showed strong immunostaining for manganese superoxide dismutase, while stromal cells were negative for other antioxidant and glutathione S-transferase enzymes. None of the carcinomas studied had significant levels of catalase or glutathione peroxidase; this finding has potential clinical relevance since it indicates that these tumors cannot detoxify hydrogen peroxide. The low levels of antioxidant and glutathione S-transferase enzymes in tumor cells is consistent with the hypothesis that these enzymes are markers of cell differentiation.

Antioxidant enzyme levels in cancer

Oberley, T.D.; Oberley, L.W.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.45%
Normal cells are protected by antioxidant enzymes from the toxic effects of high concentrations of reactive oxygen species generated during cellular metabolism. Even though cancer cells generate reactive oxygen species, it has been demonstrated biochemically that antioxidant enzyme levels are low in most animal and human cancers. However, a few cancer types have been found to have elevated levels of antioxidant enzymes, particularly manganese superoxide dismutase. Morphologic studies of animal and human cancer have confirmed that although the majority of tumor cell types from severa1 organ systems have low antioxidant enzymes, adenocarcinomas may have elevated manganese superoxide dismutase and catalase levels. However, al1 cancers examined to date have some imbalance in antioxidant enzyme levels compared with the cell of origin. Antioxidant enzyme importance in cancer genesis has been difficult to evaluate in early cancerous lesions using biochemical techniques because such lesions are small and therefore below the leve1 of detection. Using immunohistochemical techniques, early lesions of human and animal cancers were demonstrated to have low antioxidant enzymes, thus suggesting a role for these enzymes both in the genesis of cancer and the malignant phenotype. Al1 but one human cancer cell type (the granular cell variant of human renal adenocarcinoma) examined showed both low catalase and glutathione peroxidase levels...

Time course variations of antioxidant enzyme activities and histopathology of gilthead seabream gills exposed to malathion

Rosety, M.A.; Rosety-Rodriguez, M.; Ordóñez Muñoz, F.J.; Rosety, I.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
In a widely distributed and commercially important fish, gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L., we have studied sublethal effects of malathion in order to identify early warning bioindicators of exposure before irreversible damage occurs. To achieve this goal, groups of 10 juvenile specimens were exposed for 24, 48, 72 and 96h to a sublethal concentration of malathion (0.4 mg/l). Another group was used as control. The activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase) and histopathological features from exposed gills were assessed. It should also be mentioned that no mortality was observed during the whole experience. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) were altered significantly from 24 h onward (p<0.05). It is of interest to note that catalase activity was decreased after exposure instead of increasing as other antioxidant enzymes assessed. On the other hand, histopathological alterations of the gills were observed as early as at 48 hexposure, but the most severe damage occurred at 96 h exposure. The evidence presented here, together with other data from the literature, unequivocally established oxidative-stress-inducing effects of malathion in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata. It is also concluded antioxidants employed (SOD...

Antioxidant response and caulerpenyne production of the alien Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) epiphytized by the invasive algae Lophocladia lallemandii (Montagne)

Box Centeno, Antonio; Sureda, Antoni; Terrados, Jorge; Pons, Antoni; Deudero Company, María de la Salud
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 918459 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
5 pages, 4 figures, 1 table.-- Printed version published on Sep 12, 2008.; Invasive algae alter the structure and function of ecosystems. The red algae Lophocladia lallemandii grows in the West Mediterranean epiphyting the green algae Caulerpa taxifolia, another invasive alga. Our aim was to determine whether the invasive algae Lophocladia, recently introduced in the West Mediterranean, induces oxidative stress and an antioxidant response in Caulerpa taxifolia. We measured the caulerpenyne production, the activities of antioxidant enzymes and the levels of markers of lipid peroxidation in Caulerpa taxifolia. Caulerpenyne concentration was significantly higher in Caulerpa taxifolia epiphytized by Lophocladia. End-products of lipid peroxidation -malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxinonenal (4-HNE)- were significantly increased in Caulerpa taxifolia samples from the station with Lophocladia. Antioxidant enzyme activities -catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-, as well as H2O2 production significantly increased in the Lophocladia station compared to the control station. The activities of catalase and SOD determined in Lophocladia lallemandii showed no significant differences between Lophocladia living alone and Lophocladia epiphytating Caulerpa taxifolia. Caulerpa taxifolia epiphytized by Lophocladia lallemandii responded by increasing the caulerpenyne and H2O2 production and the antioxidant enzymes activities as a defensive mechanism against the new invasive algae.; This work was supported by the projects “Expansión de Caulerpa prolifera...

Antioxidant system of ginseng under stress by cadmium

Marques, Teresa Cristina Lara Lanza de Sá e Melo; Soares, Angela Maria
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
Toxic levels of Cd can cause protein denaturation and oxidative stress, which result in membrane damage, enzimatic activity changes and other metabolic damage. Some plants may show alteration in the activity of their antioxidant enzymes as a heavy metal tolerance mechanism. This study aims at evaluating the role of enzymes of the antioxidant system in adaptive responses of the accumulator P. glomerata species to levels of cadmium (Cd). Plants were cultivated in nutrient solutions containing concentrations of Cd in the form of CdSO4 (0, 45 and 90 µmol L-1), for 20 d. Cd concentrations and yields of root and shoot dry matter were determined at the end of the experiment. Malondialdehyde (MDA) production and the activities of antioxidant enzymes were determined after days 1, 12 and 20. Higher Cd concentrations in tissues of P. glomerata were found to reduce biomass production in both roots and shoots. The lipid peroxidation rates in leaves and roots were smaller at the start of the experiment for all Cd levels. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increased in leaves on day 1 and in roots on day 20 as Cd levels increased. Cd stress induced an increase in the activity of APX in leaves, whereas in roots ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity was reduced at high concentration of Cd. At the end of the experiment...

Betacyanin and antioxidant system in tolerance to salt stress in Alternanthera philoxeroides

Ribeiro,Márcia Vaz; Deuner,Sidnei; Benitez,Letícia Carvalho; Einhardt,Andersom Milech; Peters,José A.; Braga,Eugenia J. Bolacel
Fonte: Colegio de Postgraduados Publicador: Colegio de Postgraduados
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
Salinity is a limiting factor fot growth and development, since it affects several physiological processes in plants. This trial aimed to assess the levels of photosynthetic pigments, betacyanins, lipid peroxidation and activity of antioxidant enzymes in Alternanthera philoxeroides under salt stress. Plants originated from an in vitro culture were acclimatized and irrigated with sodium chloride (0, 200 and 400 mM) for 30 d. The experimental design was completely randomized with a 3×2 factorial arrangement of treatments: three concentrations of NaCl and two plant tissues (stems and leaves). The experimental data was subjected to an analysis of variance and means where compared using Tukey test (p≤0.05). The levels of chlorophylls a, chlorophylls b and total carotenoids presented similar responses, decreasing their values according to salt concentrations, while the chlorophyll a/b ratio of the plants that were submitted to the highest salt concentration presented a significant increase when compared to the control. Higher levels of betacyanin were observed on stems, when compared to the leaves, in the highest salt concentrations. On the leaves, there was a significant increase of lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity...