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Experimental studies of di-jet survival and surface emission bias in Au plus Au collisions via angular correlations with respect to back-to-back leading hadrons

AGAKISHIEV, H.; AGGARWAL, M. M.; AHAMMED, Z.; ALAKHVERDYANTS, A. V.; ALEKSEEV, I.; ALFORD, J.; ANDERSON, B. D.; ANSON, C. D.; ARKHIPKIN, D.; AVERICHEV, G. S.; BALEWSKI, J.; BEAVIS, D. R.; BEHERA, N. K.; BELLWIED, R.; BETANCOURT, M. J.; BETTS, R. R.; BHASI
Fonte: AMER PHYSICAL SOC Publicador: AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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We report first results from an analysis based on a new multi-hadron correlation technique, exploring jet-medium interactions and di-jet surface emission bias at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Pairs of back-to-back high-transverse-momentum hadrons are used for triggers to study associated hadron distributions. In contrast with two-and three-particle correlations with a single trigger with similar kinematic selections, the associated hadron distribution of both trigger sides reveals no modification in either relative pseudorapidity Delta eta or relative azimuthal angle Delta phi from d + Au to central Au + Au collisions. We determine associated hadron yields and spectra as well as production rates for such correlated back-to-back triggers to gain additional insights on medium properties.; RHIC Operations Group; RCF at BNL; NERSC Center at LBNL; Open Science Grid consortium; Offices of NP within the US DOE Office of Science; HEP within the US DOE Office of Science; US NSF National Science Foundation; Sloan Foundation; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft - DFG cluster of excellence ""Origin and Structure of the Universe"" of Germany; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS/IN2P3; FAPESP CNPq of Brazil; MES Ministry of Ed. and Sci. of the Russian Federation; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); CAS of China; MoST of China; MoE of China; GACR Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic; MSMT of the Czech Republic; FOM of the Netherlands; NWO of the Netherlands; (DAE) Department of Atomic Energy...

Anterior restorations in bleached teeth: Difficulty establishing the color after bleaching

Santezi, Carolina; Tonetto, Mateus Rodrigues; Presoto, Cristina Dupim; Jassé, Fernanda Ferreira; de Oliveira Júnior, Osmir Batista; de Andrade, Marcelo Ferrarezi; de Toledo Leonardo, Renato
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 735-739
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It is becoming more common for patients to look for cosmetic procedures in dental offices. The search for lost or desired esthetics by patients is increasingly frequent and the professional must be able to meet this demand. To do this, dentists not only need to return the tooth back to its normal functioning state but also promote esthetic excellence. In this context, the association of cosmetic procedures, such as teeth whitening and restorative procedures, such as direct adhesive restorations is very common. The composite resins employed nowadays allow the reproduction of various optical properties of natural teeth. With these composite resins, it is possible to reproduce features such as translucency, opacity and specific features of the dental element, to bring back the esthetic harmony of the smile. This article reports a clinical case demonstrating the placement, in a stratified manner, of composite resins in bleached teeth, as well as the reproduction of optical and natural aspects of the teeth. In order to achieve esthetic and functional success of the restored procedure, it is important to be familiar with the new techniques and new materials in the marketand above all, we must know when and where to use them.

Saindo de cena : parlamentares que desistem da disputa eleitoral (1990-2006)

Faria, Renata Florentino de
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Departamento de Sociologia, 2009.; Cansados ou excluídos? A dissertação “Saindo de Cena” busca mapear perfis de políticos já eleitos que tendem mais freqüentemente a abandonar a disputa eleitoral. A pesquisa abarca as eleições legislativas de 1990 a 2006, observando o perfil dos deputados, deputadas e senadores que recusaram a condição de candidatos natos, optaram por não disputar a reeleição e nem concorrer a cargos considerados mais altos. São incluídos na análise os que disputaram cargos considerados de menor prestígio do que os exercidos, de forma a evidenciar trajetórias mal sucedidas e as comparar com casos em que a desistência do mandato é total. Este grupo de parlamentares constituiria, à primeira vista, a exceção da conhecida formulação de que os políticos são progressivamente ambiciosos. Descobrir as condições em que políticos abrem mão da disputa eleitoral e quais políticos estão mais sujeitos a esta ação pode revelar muito dos políticos que se mantém na disputa eleitoral e como se mantêm. A pesquisa se apoiou na construção de uma base de dados estatística com os 250 exparlamentares que se enquadravam nos critérios e em entrevistas semiestruturadas com amostra reduzida. Em linhas gerais...

Corporate real estate strategies - a multinational approach

Ferreira, Pedro Manuel Costa dos Reis
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2010 Português
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A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; CRE strategies have proved to contribute to the creation of competitive advantages by integrating corporate value and the organizational culture across multi-locations. CRE strategies also facilitate attracting and retaining best talent. Through a qualitative research method of case study, this paper examines the impact of changes in the CRE strategies of McDonald’s and Hewlett Packard, both companies being multinational firms that represent the two main segments of CRE: retail and offices. Findings indicate that the changed strategies have provided for increased revenue and higher shareholder value in the case of McDonald’s and enhanced space utilization, comfortable working environment and a global design standard for all offices and workstations of HP. The study also analyzes the option of selling and leasing back CRE assets against owning them.

Decentralization and Governance in the Ghana Health Sector

Couttolenc, Bernard F.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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In recent years, many countries, both developed and developing, have engaged in a process of decentralization of health service delivery and/or other functions of the health system. In most cases, decentralization has been adopted to improve accountability to local population, efficiency in service provision, equity in access and resource distribution, or to increase resource mobilization. Ghana has a long history of local government, going back to pre-independence times of the nineteenth century. By 1859 Municipal Councils were established in the major coastal towns of the then Gold Coast. Native Authorities, Councils and Courts were also established to administer law and order under the indirect authority of the colonial government; the limitations of this system was repeatedly put forward in the 1930s and 1940s, and reforms were introduced in 1951 by the Local Government Ordinance (Ahwoi 2010). The government has embarked in a decentralization policy since independence, which was strengthened and amplified by the local government act of 1993 and other legislations. At the present the Government of Ghana (GOG) is committed to strengthen the implementation of decentralization and for that purpose revise and strengthen the policy and regulatory framework governing decentralization. In spite of this long history and successive waves of decentralization reforms...

Securing Property Rights and Increasing Real Estate Productivity in FYR Macedonia

Stanley, Victoria; Boskovski, Denis; De Martino, Samantha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Before 2005, FYR Macedonia did not have a well-functioning property registration system and citizens did not have secure property rights. Since the start of the World Bank-funded Real Estate Cadastre and Registration Project (RECRP) in Macedonia in 2005, registered property transactions in the country have increased by 121 percent; there were 93,240 registered transactions in 2009 compared with 42,116 in 2005. Annual mortgages registered in the land administration system doubled from 3,000 in 2005 to more than 6,000 in 2009, demonstrating a substantial increase in the use of ownership rights as collateral. Over 30,000 mortgages have been registered since the commencement of the RECRP in FYR Macedonia. In 90 percent of registration offices in the country, the project helped reduce the time to register a sale transaction to five days or less, down from 60 days in 2004. At the end of 2009, there were 248 accredited private surveyors and 100 registered surveying companies providing services directly to citizens in FYR Macedonia...

Role of Post Offices in Remittances and Financial Inclusion

Clotteau, Nils; Ansón, José
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Historically post offices have played a role in the provision of remittances and basic financial services to low-income populations. As this function is being revived in an increasing number of developing and emerging countries, remittance services can be improved to better match financial inclusion goals. This paper describes the efforts being made in Sub-Saharan Africa to increase access to remittance services through post offices in small towns and rural areas, and discusses how this improved access could be used to develop crucial savings and other financial services for the poor. The outcomes are encouraging, though a number of constraints must be removed to fully realize the potential of posts in this area.

Worldwide Landscape of Postal Financial Services : Asia Region

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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Postal networks in the nine countries in the Asian region profiled here have 289,067 post offices. In many of these Asian countries, post offices have provided payments and savings services for more than 130 years. At the end of 2002, 335 million Asians had postal savings accounts, for a total balance of USD 83 billion (about 20 percent of the adult population). In China and Vietnam, postal savings have only been recently established, but are growing quickly. In addition to payment services, it provides domestic money transfers, including collecting bill payments. In some countries, e.g. Thailand, the role of postal networks in the payments system is significant. In general, however, transaction volumes for savings and payments together appear low, suggesting that many of these accounts may be dormant and may play only a marginal role in the payment system. Vigorous reform is required to develop intrinsically strong and competent institutions. The issue is not limited to repositioning postal financial services in the financial sector (instead of the public postal sector)...

Procedural justice and tax compliance

Murphy, Kristina
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 318524 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Throughout the 1990s, tens of thousands of Australian taxpayers invested in massmarketed tax effective schemes. They enjoyed generous tax breaks until the Australian Taxation Office (Tax Office) told them in 1998 that they abused the system. This study examines the circumstances surrounding taxpayers decision to invest in scheme arrangements. It also explores investors perceptions of the way the Tax Office handled the schemes issue and, perhaps more importantly, why such a large number of investors defied the Tax Offices demands that they pay back taxes. Data were taken from in-depth interviews conducted with 29 scheme investors. Consistent with the procedural justice literature, the findings revealed that many of the scheme investors interviewed defied the Tax Offices demands because the procedures the Tax Office used to handle the situation were perceived to be unfair. Given these findings, it will be argued that to effectively shape desired behaviour, regulators will need to move beyond enforcement strategies linked purely to deterrence. A strategy that aims to emphasise the procedural justice aspects of a regulatory encounter will be discussed.; no

Modelling Household Water Demand in Europe - Insights from a Cross-Country Econometric Analysis of EU-28 countries

REYNAUD ARNAUD
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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Understanding how household water consumption will react to long-term changes requires an intensive use of modeling tools. Economists have developed a great variety of models to predict water demand for domestic users. Although estimations of a domestic water demand function have been undertaken for a substantial number of countries all over the world, the level of knowledge in Europe is still limited. In Europe, household water demand functions are available for some countries but a recent report from the European Environmental Agency, points out that most available reference studies date back ten or twenty years ago. By reviewing the existing literature, we have not been able to find any household water demand function estimate for 10 of the EU-28 countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovenia). For the 18 remaining countries, it should be pointed out that the estimates of the household water demand functions rely on data posterior to 2010 only for 6 of them (Cyprus, Czech republic, Germany, Luxembourg, Romania and United Kingdom). For Denmark and Sweden, the more recent studies date back to year 1990 and 1992, respectively. This report provides then an update on the knowledge on household water use in Europe. Our primary focus is on estimating a household water demand function for all EU-28 countries using consistent data and econometric methods. Primary data on household water consumption...

PORT-SAÏD -- The Co general werkshops offices

Mayorkino, A. K.
Fonte: Electronic version published by Rice University, Houston, Texas. Publicador: Electronic version published by Rice University, Houston, Texas.
Tipo: postcards; StillImage
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back: "5 - PORT-SAÏD -- Bureaux des Ateliers generaux de la Cie - PORT-SAÏD -- The Co general werkshops offices : Publi et Copright by A. K. Mayorkino - Port-Said"; Building with a car and bicycle in front

View of the Adderley building and the back of the Queen Victoria statue; The Bryant Slides Collection; The Bryant Slides Collection, Bahamas Nassau Hope Town

Adams-Acton, John, 1830-1910 ( Artist )
Fonte: Universidade da Flórida Publicador: Universidade da Flórida
Tipo: still image Formato: 35 mm
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The slides were taken on collecting trips sponsored by the William L. Bryant Foundation, where books, music and art indigenous to the regions were gathered. The are organized by geographical location.; Pictured is the back of the Queen Victoria statue by sculpture John Adams-Acton, flanked by two cannons. The statue, located in Nassau's Parliament Square, was erected in celebration of Queen Victoria's birthday on May 24, 1905. To the right of the statue can be seen the former Colonial Secretary's Office, built in 1805 by James Tait, which today houses the government administrative offices. Parliament Square's pink government buildings, examples of Classical style architecture, were constructed in the early 1800s by Loyalists who came to the Bahamas from North Carolina. In the background is the former Adderley building, where the Churchill building now stands.

Aden - Commercial Capital of Yemen : Local Economic Development Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum; Economic & Sector Work
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Aden has a number of widely recognized unique assets, which are critical inputs to its emerging strategic positioning within Yemen and the region. Most notable is its natural deep-water harbor on the Red Sea, striking landscapes and distinctive topography, abundance of raw materials, and rich urban heritage. In addition, the residents of Aden are known for their hospitable nature and openness to diversity. Today, leadership in Aden, both public and private, are motivated to create prosperity. Despite a broad portfolio of assets and existence of key infrastructure, the city must address constraints that are holding back economic growth. Aden has much of the basic infrastructure required for businesses to compete, with a few areas requiring major investment. The city is spread across 6,980 square kilometers and is composed of eight districts, each with its own commercial center. The city developed on a peninsula and subsequently expanded along the coast, following the main radial route inland. The city of Aden is differentiated from the rest of the country in several important ways. First...

Trading Up : How Tunisia Used ICT to Facilitate Trade

Alavi, Hamid
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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Although trade liberalization can create jobs and raise incomes, these benefits are easily undermined if excessive costs and delays hinder trade transactions - reducing a country's export competitiveness. This note shows how Tunisia embraced information and communications technology (ICT) to facilitate trade - cutting costs, saving time, and increasing international competitiveness. It also highlights the context and challenges, key initiatives, success factors, and impact of Tunisia's efforts. Trade clearances can improve dramatically when administrative and political commitment combines with advances in information and communications technology.

Taking Haitian Agriculture to the Clouds : Implementing Google Apps for Government at the Ministry of Agriculture

Arias, Diego; Weber, Nicolas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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The January 2010 earthquake that devastated Haiti directly affected the infrastructure and personnel of the Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Rural Development (Ministere de l'Agriculture des Ressources Naturelles et du Developpement Rural, or MARNDR). It weakened the ministry's capacity to lead the economic recovery and food security improvements of the country, and set back research, innovation, and extension systems in the agricultural sector. In addition, most of the existing information systems and a vast number of electronic and hardcopy documents, including reports, studies, files, statistics, maps, and accounting data, were destroyed. This was due, in part, to the sheer physical destruction of the earthquake but also because MARNDR lacked a centralized archiving system. This smart lesson describes the successful introduction of cloud computing technology to the MARNDR's information and communications technology (ICT) system as the primary method to manage knowledge and preserve documents for the agricultural sector in Haiti.

Vietnam - The Role of Postal Networks in Expanding Access to Financial Services Country case : Vietnam's postal finance services

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This paper discusses the role of the postal network in expanding access to financial services in Vietnam. It reviews the public postal operator within the postal sector and within the broader context of the communications sector. The roles of the Vietnam postal network and post bank are also reviewed from the perspective of the financial sector development, with particular focus on payments systems development and micro finance. While this country case on Vietnam can stand alone, it is an integral part of this large study of the potential of postal networks to coordinate with financial service providers in 7 countries (Egypt, Kazakhstan, Namibia, Romania, Sri Lanka, Uganda, and Vietnam) and 5 regions (Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East and Northern Africa). Five years after its introduction, the Vietnamese Postal Savings Corporation (VPSC) can look back on an impressive record of successes. With its 920 post offices (of 3,000), VPSC operates the second-largest financial service network in the country. It developed as a channel for mobilizing small household deposits...

The understanding of the urban pattern of the financial district with the introduction of new technological improvements in the process of conducting business

Sawhney, Nomita
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 90 p.; 36758141 bytes; 36757745 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis poses a question for the future of financial districts. Attempting to understand the future evolution of financial districts. It begins by tracing the history of financial speculation and its expressions in architecture and the city. Analysing the New York Stock Exchange and the changes as associated with it in the past 150 years. And how the financial institution has transformed with the introduction of the Electronic Communication Network. The new dispersed identity of the finance, with new diversifications in trading and the slow death of the trading floor. New positions of centrality in the system of finance. Where the Network has created an increased centrality of the system, and the possibility of dispersion also. Working with this duality of the network and analogies which can be built from the geography of the network, as posed by physicists in their current research. Parallels drawn between the nature of the creation of these networks, due to the formation of a new market structure and its new positions, in centralized global cities, edge cities and in the possibilities of locating back offices in other countries. Therefore the new nature of business allows a new understanding of how urbanism must respond to work with the new market structure and create a new interpretation of how the network can be accommodated and understood for future financial districts.; by Nomita Sawhney.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Smoking cessation, physicians, and medical office staff. Clinical tobacco intervention in Prince Edward Island.

Rowan, M. S.; Coambs, R. B.; Jensen, P.; Balderston, M.; MacKenzie, D.; Kothari, A.
Fonte: College of Family Physicians of Canada Publicador: College of Family Physicians of Canada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1998 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To assess attitudes and self-reported behaviours of physicians and medical office staff in Prince Edward Island concerning clinical tobacco intervention (CTI). DESIGN: Mail survey of PEI primary care physicians and their medical office staff. Most surveys were not mailed back but picked up in person by research staff. SETTING: Primary care settings in PEI. PARTICIPANTS: All active primary care physicians in PEI identified in the Canadian Medical Association database and medical office staff. Respondents included 63/88 (71.6%) physicians and 59/88 (67.0%) medical office staff. Fifty-seven physicians and medical office staff surveys overlapped. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Attitudes and self-reported behaviours in CTI. RESULTS: More than 70% of the time, 68.3% of physicians reported asking new patients about their smoking behaviour and 66.7% reported that they listen to and acknowledge patients' feelings and fears about stopping smoking. Close to half (43.3%) of physicians reported thinking about or planning to do more CTI. Physicians and medical office staff reported that staff had limited involvement in methods to cue smoking interventions. Only half (50.8%) of physicians reported that their offices are well set up to identify smokers and to help them quit smoking. Offices were well set up for CTI if physicians perceived that office staff had an active role in CTI and if follow-up visits were frequently arranged. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified apparent opportunities for improving CIT...

MOVING OFF STAGE: MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT WHO GIVE UP THE RACE FOR OFFICE (1990- 2006); EXIT LE PARLEMENTAIRE LORS DE LA DISPUTE ÉLECTORALE (1990-2006); SAINDO DE CENA: PARLAMENTARES QUE DESISTEM DA DISPUTA ELEITORAL (1990-2006)

Florentino, Renata; Universidade de Brasília
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2009 Português
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Tired or excluded? This text maps the profile of the politicians who most frequently tend to give upthe race for office. It is based on research covering legislative elections between 1990 and 2006,observing the profile of representatives and senators who refused to be considered the “naturalcandidates” and opted not to run for re-election nor go for higher-level offices. Politicians who ranfor offices that are considered to be of lesser prestige than the ones originally occupied are alsoincluded in our analysis, in order to look at unsuccessful trajectories and compare them with casesin which a mandate has been given up completely. This group of members of parliament could, ata first glance, seem to constitute the exception to the well-known formula that politicians becomeincreasingly ambitious. In general terms, we note that the politicians who step back from electoralstruggle – whether permanently or maintaining some strategies to continue – belong to groups that1) have in some way exhausted their participation and influence in political competition (for example,they may have been exposed through scandal, gotten old or belong to decadent social groups) or 2)have not yet managed to enter the political field with the same ease as their peers (as in the case ofwomen...

The accountant's adaptation to technological advances: a case study in some offices in Florianópolis; Adaptação do profissional contábil aos avanços tecnológicos: um estudo em escritórios de Florianópolis

Oliveira, Carolina de; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC; Fey, Vladimir Arthur; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC; Raupp, Fabiano Maury; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC; Mecheln, Pedro José von; UFSC - Florianópolis - SC
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2008 Português
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The present study aimed at discussing the adaptation process of accountants to technological advancements. The research was undertaken at some accounting offices in Florianopolis/SC, and the data were collected through questionnaires sent by e-mail to those accountants responsible for the offices. Seventeen questionnaires were sent back, which correspond to 28% of the population. Based upon the analyses and data collected, it was possible to conclude that accountants have been adapting themselves to technological advances. Besides having knowledge about technological advances, they are always updating themselves on their professional skills.; O estudo teve por objetivo discutir a adaptação do profissional contábil aos avanços tecnológicos. A pesquisa foi realizada em escritórios de contabilidade de Florianópolis/SC, sendo os dados coletados por meio de questionários enviados por e-mail aos contadores responsáveis pelo escritório. Obteve-se um retorno de 17 questionários, os quais correspondem a 28% da população. A partir das análises realizadas e de resultados obtidos, infere-se que o profissional contábil vem se adaptando aos avanços tecnológicos. Percebe-se que o mesmo possui conhecimentos sobre os avanços tecnológicos...