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Perfil dos grupos estratégicos bancários no Brasil; A segmentation model for the Brazilian banking system

Gonzalez, Rodrigo Barbone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2005 Português
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56.39%
O balanço de uma instituição financeira reflete suas principais decisões estratégicas, a saber, suas decisões de aplicação e captação que determinam os seus resultados. O objetivo desse trabalho é sugerir e testar uma composição para os segmentos do sistema bancário brasileiro baseado nessas decisões estratégicas e, assim, desenhar um perfil de atuação para os bancos no país. Esse trabalho utiliza dados de balancetes públicos padronizados pelo Plano Contábil das Instituições Financeiras (COSIF) e disponibilizados pelo Banco Central do Brasil. Os dados são transversais e a data base escolhida para esse estudo é dezembro de 2004, dez anos após a implantação do Plano Real e a publicação do primeiro artigo do gênero no Brasil por Savoia e Weiss (1995). Muitas transformações aconteceram nesses dez anos, em que pese à redução do sistema bancário de 263 para 140 instituições bancárias operantes. As técnicas multivariadas usadas são: análise de cluster, análise discriminante e escalonamento multidimensional. Os procedimentos hierárquico e não-hierárquico de análise de clusters foram utilizados em seqüência para formar segmentos internamente homogêneos e heterogêneos entre si. A solução escolhida subdivide o sistema bancário brasileiro em cinco grupos: varejo...

Has the Global Banking System Become More Fragile over Time?

Anginer, Deniz; Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
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66.36%
This paper examines time-series and cross-country variations in default risk co-dependence in the global banking system. The authors construct a default risk measure for all publicly traded banks using the Merton contingent claim model, and examine the evolution of the correlation structure of default risk for more than 1,800 banks in more than 60 countries. They find that there has been a significant increase in default risk co-dependence over the three-year period leading to the financial crisis. They also find that countries that are more integrated, and that have liberalized financial systems and weak banking supervision, have higher co-dependence in their banking sector. The results support an increase in scope for international supervisory co-operation, as well as capital charges for "too-connected-to-fail" institutions that can impose significant externalities.

Brazil : The Industry Structure of Banking Services

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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Understanding the industry structure of banking services in Brazil is an important task both for the financial community at large and for country specialists. The Brazilian financial system is the largest and most sophisticated in Latin America. This study is organized into five sections after the introduction, in line with the main analytical building blocks, and complemented by appendices that describe methodological aspects in more detail. Section 2 presents some stylized facts on the Brazilian banking system and compares it to a peer group of countries. Section 3 describes and presents the results of the industrial organization perspective (indirect approach). Section 4 presents the methodology and results -- including sensitivity analysis -- of the direct approach. Section 5 identifies and discusses the characteristics and main drivers of revenues, costs and risks by market segment, while Section 6 concludes and presents policy implications.

Lithuania : Banking System Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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66.29%
The Bank of Lithuania (BoL), the Central Bank, was established in 1990. BoL has the exclusive right to grant and revoke licenses to local and foreign banks and to supervise their activities. Private commercial banking boomed from 1991 to 1994 while bank regulation was lax. In late 1995, a bank crisis caused failures of most of the Lithuanian banks, and the remaining banks resulted in better managed and supervised institutions. BoL also applied tougher regulation on the banking sector. All commercial banks now need to have their financial records audited every year by an international auditing firm. This report includes the following headings: risks and contingency crisis management in the Lithuanian banking system; credit risk and regulatory issues; and description of corporate debt restructuring procedures in Lithuania.

Chasing the Shadows : How Significant is Shadow Banking in Emerging Markets?

Ghosh, Swati; Gonzalez del Mazo, Ines; Ötker-Robe, İnci
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Broadly defined as credit intermediation involving entities and activities outside the regular banking system, shadow banking raises important policy concerns. Given significant challenges with data availability, the size, nature and significance of shadow banking in emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) are even less discussed and understood. Shadow banking in EMDEs generally does not involve long, complex, opaque chains of intermediation, as is often the case in advanced economies. Nonetheless, it can pose systemic risks, both directly, as its importance in the total financial system grows (with the concomitant credit, market, and liquidity risks that its participants undertake), and indirectly through its interconnectedness with the regulated banking system. At the same time, shadow banks also play an important role in channeling alternative funding sources to EMDEs, especially as deleveraging pressures from European banks continue. This suggests that policy makers need to manage trade-offs carefully to ensure that shadow banks provide alternative but safe sources of funding to the private sector without generating additional systemic risks. Based on a snapshot of selected EMDEs in East Asia and in Central and Eastern Europe...

Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

De Nicolo, Gianni; Honohan, Patrick; Ize, Alain
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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66.31%
De Nicol� Honohan, and Ize assess the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. The authors provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development, and on whether dollarization is associated with financial instability. They find that: The credibility of macroeconomic policy and the quality of institutions are both key determinants of cross-country variations in dollarization. Dollarization is likely to promote financial deepening only in a high inflation environment. Financial instability is likely higher in dollarized economies. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for financial sector and monetary policies.

Controlling the Fiscal Costs of Banking Crises

Honohan, Patrick; Klingebiel, Daniela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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56.37%
In recent decades, a majority of countries have experienced a systemic banking crisis requiring a major-and expensive-overhaul of their banking system. Not only do banking crises hit the budget with outlays that must be absorbed by higher taxes (or spending cuts), but they are costly in terms of forgone economic output. Many different policy recommendations have been made for limiting the cost of crises, but there has been little systematic effort to see which recommendations work in practice. The authors try to quantify the extent to which fiscal outlays incurred in resolving banking distress can be attributed to crisis management measures of a particular kind adopted by the government in the early years of the crisis. They find evidence that certain crisis management strategies appear to add greatly to fiscal costs: unlimited deposit guarantees, open-ended liquidity support, repeated recapitalization, debtor bail-outs, and regulatory forbearance. Their findings clearly tilt the balance in favor of a strict rather than an accommodating approach to crisis resolution. At the very least...

The Banking and Financial Sector of Lao PDR : Financial Sector Note

Asian Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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During the second half of the 1980s, Lao PDR embarked on an ambitious program of economic reforms, called the New Economic Mechanism, whose main purpose was to gradually transform its centrally-planned economy into a market-oriented economy. The initial reform momentum lasted about one decade. The far-reaching reform program encompassed many critical components including: (a) promotion of private production through improved incentives; (b) institutional infrastructure to improve market economy operations; (c) the strengthening of Lao comparative advantages through trade liberalization and further specialization; and (d) the establishment of price stability through macroeconomic policy measures. The systemic changes introduced in Lao PDR have contributed to a significant transformation of the country s economic system, away from a rigorously centrally-planned economy and towards a form of market economy based on private ownership. The percentage of poor declined based on the national poverty line from 45 to 39 percent between 1992-93 and 1997-982. But the percentage of very poor did not decline and remained at slightly above 30 percent evidencing the need for even broader and faster growth. Moreover...

Moldova Financial Sector Assessment Program; Corporate Governance Review of the Moldovan Banking Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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56.39%
The banking sector in Moldova is in the midst of structural changes with worrisome corporate governance issues at the core. Corporate governance is at the center of a stable and profitable banking sector which is essential to support economic growth and productivity. However, the banking system in Moldova suffers from critical governance weaknesses which the National Bank of Moldova (NBM) has been unable to effectively address. The illicit schemes used to gain control of the majority of the banking sector’s assets have involved raider attacks by unidentified individuals whose subsequent, de facto, related party transactions have caused the deterioration of bank balance sheets. The recent changes in controlling ownership have resulted in nontransparent appointments of board members and Chief Executive Officers (CEOs). This has led to substantial blurring of the roles and responsibilities of ownership, oversight (board), and management, resulting in no clear accountability. The legal and institutional corporate governance framework in Moldova is weak. Sound corporate governance is first and foremost dependent upon the motivations of owners and the resultant business culture they instill through their selection and appointment of board members. In Moldova...

The game theoretic analysis of the amakudari practice in the Japanese banking system

Asano, Akihito; Eto, Takaharu
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 462410 bytes; 350 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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The amakudari practice in the Japanese banking system officials from the Ministry of Finance obtaining post-retirement jobs in private banks is analysed within a game theoretic framework. We consider a game in which asymmetric information between depositors and banks regarding banks riskiness exists. Banks may hire amakudari officials to signal their riskiness, even when they are not contributing to improving banks projects. Various equilibria emerge depending upon productivity of officials, depositor's risk aversion, and the riskiness of banks. We discuss the veracity of these equilibria in the Japanese economy during the bubble and its preceding periods.; no

Nigeria : Financial Sector Review, Volume 2. Banking Institutions and Their Supervision

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This report is a comprehensive review of the Nigerian financial system, covering the following areas: i) macro-financial environment; ii) safety and soundness of the banking system; iii) banking supervision; iv) development finance institutions; v) community banks and commercial banks' rural operations; vi) insurance and pensions; vii) housing finance; viii) money and capital markets; and ix) term finance and leasing. The report is in three volumes: Volume 1 (Overview and Macro-financial Environment) covers the Executive Summary, Overview of the Financial System and Macro-Financial Issues. Volume 2 (Banking Institutions) contains chapters on: i) The Banking System; ii) Assessment of Banking Supervision; iii) Development Finance Institutions; and iv) Community Banks and Commercial banks' rural operations. Volume 3 (Non-Bank Financial Institutions and Markets) includes: i) Insurance and Pensions; ii) Housing Finance; iii) Money and Capital Markets; and iv) Term Finance and Leasing. The Statistical Annex contains relevant data for all the chapters.

Banking Policy and Macroeconomic Stability: An Exploration

Caprio, Gerard, Jr.; Honohan, Patrick
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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56.36%
Whether and when does banking serve to stabilize the economy? The authors view the banking system as a filter through which foreign and domestic shocks feed through to the domestic economy. The filter can dampen or amplify the shocks through various credit market channels, including credit growth, import of foreign capital, and possibly interest rates. The question is whether the prudential quality of banking, as proxied by measures of regulatory quality and openness to foreign banking, amplify or dampen these shocks. The authors find that many of the regulatory characteristics that have been found to deepen a financial system and make it more robust to crises-notably those which empower the private sector-also appear to reduce the sector's ability to provide short-term insulation to the macro-economy. It is as if prudent bankers are reluctant to absorb short-term risks that, if neglected, might cause solvency and growth problems in the longer run. Forbearance might dampen short-term volatility, but at the expense of the longer run health of the banking sector and the economy. One way to avoid this apparent tradeoff is evident: banking systems which have a higher share of foreign-owned banks...

India : Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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56.42%
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is to be commended for its tightly controlled regulatory and supervisory regime, consisting of higher than minimum capital requirements, frequent, hands-on and comprehensive onsite inspections, a conservative liquidity risk policy and restrictions on banks' capacity to take on more volatile exposures. The Indian banking system remained largely stable during the global financial crisis. Since then, the government of India and RBI has taken additional measures to enhance the soundness and resilience of the banking system, such as the establishment of a Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC), the implementation of a countercyclical provisioning regime, and the development of a roadmap for the introduction of a holding company structure.

Financial Sector Assessment Program Update : India - Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

International Monetary Fund; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP); Economic & Sector Work
Português
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56.42%
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is to be commended for its tightly controlled regulatory and supervisory regime, consisting of higher than minimum capital requirements, frequent, hands-on and comprehensive onsite inspections, a conservative liquidity risk policy and restrictions on banks' capacity to take on more volatile exposures. The Indian banking system remained largely stable during the global financial crisis. Since then, the government of India and RBI has taken additional measures to enhance the soundness and resilience of the banking system, such as the establishment of a Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC), the implementation of a countercyclical provisioning regime, and the development of a roadmap for the introduction of a holding company structure.

Banking Sector Stability, Efficiency, and Outreach in Kenya

Beck, Thorsten; Cull, Robert; Fuchs, Michael; Getenga, Jared; Gatere, Peter; Randa, John; Trandafir, Mircea
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
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56.41%
Although Kenya's financial system is by far the largest and most developed in East Africa and its stability has improved significantly over the past years, many challenges remain. This paper assesses the stability, efficiency, and outreach of Kenya's banking system, using aggregate, bank-level, and survey data. Banks' asset quality and liquidity positions have improved, making the system more resistant to shocks, and interest rate spreads have declined, in part due to reduction in the overhead costs of foreign banks. Outreach remains limited, but has improved in recent years, driven by mobile payments services in the domestic remittance market. Fostering a level regulatory playing field for all deposit-taking institutions is a key remaining challenge. Specifically, an effective but not overly burdensome framework for regulation and supervision of microfinance institutions and cooperatives is a priority. Maintaining an openness to new, and non-bank, providers of financial services, which has enabled the success of mobile payments...

Deposit Insurance and Banking Reform in Russia

Camara, Modibo K.; Montes-Negret, Fernando
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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56.36%
The objective of this paper is not to review the pros and cons of deposit insurance systems, but to focus, rather narrowly, on the recent adoption of a deposit insurance system (DIS) in Russia, the rationale offered, and the potential impact it might have on the stability and development of the Russian banking system. An attempt is made to draw some lessons from the implementation experience in Russia. The paper starts with a brief description of the Russian DIS, followed by an overview of the banking system's structure and some observations on the sequencing followed for adopting the DIS and the political economy of its adoption. It concludes with a discussion of areas requiring attention.

Banking Systems Around the Globe : Do Regulation and Ownership Affect the Performance and Stability?

Barth, James R.; Caprio, Gerard, Jr.; Levine, Ross
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
The authors report cross-country data on commercial bank regulation and ownership in more than 60 countries. They evaluate the links between different regulatory/ownership practices in those countries and both financial sector performance and banking system stability. They document substantial variation in response to these questions: Should it be public policy to limit the powers of commercial banks to engage in securities, insurance, and real estate activities? Should the mixing of banking and commerce be restricted by regulating commercial bank's ownership of non-financial firms and non-financial firms' ownership of commercial banks? Should states own commercial banks, or should those banks be privatized? They find: 1) There is no reliable statistical relationship between restrictions on commercial banks' ability to engage in securities, insurance, and real estate transactions and how well-developed the banking sector, how well-developed securities markets and non-bank financial intermediaries are, or the degree of industrial competition. Based on the evidence...

What Does the Future Hold for the International Banking System?

Dailami, Mansoor; Adams-Kane, Jonathon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
The international banking industry faces a challenging future, having to consolidate at a time of heightened global financial volatility, anemic growth in advanced countries, and shifting global growth balances. After a long period of sustained expansion and accommodating regulatory treatment, the structure of international banking is changing as global banks' business strategies shift toward fast-growing emerging-market economies. The center of gravity for international lending is shifting, with the role of European banks shrinking and American, Japanese, and emerging-market banks filling in the space. Against this backdrop, the current debate on adding economic stimulus to support the sputtering global economic recovery should consider the possible contractionary impacts of bank deleveraging, even with global interest rates remaining at historically low levels.

Banking the Poor : Measuring Banking Access in 54 Economies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.37%
Banking the Poor presents new data collected from two sources: central banks, and leading commercial banks in each surveyed country. It explores associations between countries' banking policies and practices, and their levels of financial access measured in terms of the numbers of bank accounts per thousand adults. It builds on the previous work of measuring financial access through information obtained from regulators, banks, and household surveys. It explores associations between countries' banking policies and practices, and their levels of financial access, measured in terms of the numbers of bank accounts per thousand adults. The extent to which people are banked depends primarily on how wealthy they are. Even in the poorest countries, rich urban customers get access to good banking. Although there are a range of financial services used by the poorest, these are usually provided outside the formal banking system. Banks are used by those above this threshold, usually by salaried employees who have the steady income. Naturally banks are more likely to seek out users with a steady, predicatable income. Expanding credit for enterprises leads to the creation of a salaried class that wants to bank: this is the primary way to increase bank access. While bank clients make up the largest part of those using financial services in most countries...

Espaço geográfico, sistema bancário e a hipercapilaridade do crédito no Brasil; Geographical space, banking system and overpresence of credit in Brazil; L'espace géographique, le système bancaire et l'hypercapillarité du crédit au Brésil

CONTEL, Fabio Betioli
Fonte: Universidade Federal da Bahia - Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas - Centro de Recursos Humanos Publicador: Universidade Federal da Bahia - Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas - Centro de Recursos Humanos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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66.35%
O presente artigo tem por objetivo a análise do funcionamento atual do sistema bancário brasileiro, sob uma perspectiva geográfica. Fixando a periodização do estudo a partir da instalação do Plano Real (1994), foi possível identificar quais as principais alterações nos conteúdos técnicos e normativos do território brasileiro que têm relação direta com o desenvolvimento recente do sistema bancário nacional. Dentre as principais novidades desse sistema, foi dado destaque a três questões: o maciço processo de privatização dos bancos públicos estaduais; a implementação do Sistema de Pagamentos Brasileiro (SPB); e a difusão das novas formas de prestação de serviços bancários (Correspondentes Bancários, cartões de crédito/débito e internet banking principalmente), possibilitada pelos objetos informacionais que vêm sendo instalados no território desde as últimas décadas do século XX.; This paper aims to analyse today's operation of the Brazilian banking system, under a geographical perspective. Beginning the time interval of this study from the installation of Plano Real (1994), it was possible to identify which were the main alterations in the technical and normative contents in the Brazilian territory that have a direct relationship with the recent development of the national banking system. Among the main innovations of that system...