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Bhutan - Electronic Government Procurement Readiness Assessment and Roadmap

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.95%
The readiness assessment and roadmap for implementation are the first two components of the Electronic Government Procurement (E-GP) assessment and implementation effort to assist the Royal Government of Bhutan (RGoB) develop an e-GP implementation plan. This work is part of a wider ongoing initiative for public procurement reform, which the RGoB is undertaking with World Bank and other donor funding, which also looks into areas concerning; 1) revisions to the legal framework (i.e. the procurement manual and supporting bidding and consultancy documents), 2) procurement complaints mechanisms, 3) the establishment of a public procurement policy mechanism, and 4) procurement capacity building through existing national training institutions. Under the agreed work plan for wider procurement reforms, the RGoB, in collaboration with the Bank and other donors in Bhutan, is working on the following areas: a) renewing the procurement manual and its accompanying standard bidding documents and request for proposals (largely completed)...

Republic of Sierra Leone : Assessment of National Public Procurement System Based on OECD/DAC Benchmarking Tool

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Sierra Leone is a post conflict country with a population of 6 million in an area of 71,740 square kilometers. Since the end of hostilities in 2002, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the African Development Bank (AfDB), the Department for International Development UK (DFID), the European Union (EU), and the World Bank (WB) have played significant roles in supporting the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) to rebuild the country for a brighter future. With the demobilization process complete and significant progress in terms of reconstruction, rehabilitation, humanitarian relief and the reestablishment of public service delivery, the GoSL has been focusing reforming and strengthening its governance systems. This report takes stock of the progress for reforms in the procurement system since 2004 and sets out the next steps to ensure continued progress towards establishing a modern and efficient and accountable public procurement system. This CPAR is divided into various sections which cover country context...

Kyrgyz Republic : Country Procurement Status Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
The Country Procurement Status Review (CPSR) report was prepared on the basis of the findings from a joint World Bank (WB)/Asian Development Bank (ADB) mission that visited the Kyrgyz Republic in February 2012. The main objectives of the CPSR are: (a) to analyze the Kyrgyz public procurement system, including the existing legal framework, organizational responsibilities, control and oversight mechanisms, capacity, and current procedures and practices, as well as how well these work in practice; and (b) based on these analyses and review, to identify key areas for improvement in public procurement and prepare an action plan for implementation of related revisions to the public procurement system. The report has three chapters: (I) Introduction; (II) Assessment of the Public Procurement System; and (III) Recommendations and Action Plan. A summary of the main findings and recommendations is provided in the Executive Summary at the beginning of the report. The detailed assessment of the Baseline Indicators is provided in Annex C. Additional Provisions for National Competitive Bidding under WB-financed operations is provided in Annex D.

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Country Procurement Assessment Report : Social Protection

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.73%
This first Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), looks at public procurement operations, in consultation with counterparts from the ministeries of Finance, of the Federation of BiH, of the Republic of Srpska, and of the cantons of Sarajevo, Travnik, Mostar, and Banja Luka. It focuses on the following key themes: ensuring reduced, and more efficient public spending; increasing transparency, by improving access to information on bidding opportunities, and public contract spending; improving the ability of public institutions on appropriate spending of public procurement funds, and institutional regulation of procurement; fighting the risks of corruption; and promoting access to the World Trade Organization, and European Union. Key findings suggest that procurement is a neglected function, where the absence of a State law on procurement is a serious omission, assessing the public procurement environment is high-risk. There are many weaknesses in the current legal system...

Country Procurement Assessment Report : Mauritius, Volume 2

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
The purpose of the Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) is to assess (a) the efficiency, economy and transparency of the public procurement system; (b) commercial practices in the private sector, particularly in relation to imports, and, (c) the institutional capacity of entities dealing with procurement in the country. Mauritius has made credible efforts to provide a framework of transparency, and accountability; it has strong institutional capacity; a checks and balances system is in place; its audit system is working, and the country is firmly committed to provide a transparent climate for, and information on public spending to the general public. The recommended improvements are in line with the already initiated Government program. The main recommendations address the need to: (1) develop a legal framework on procurement procedures, and regulations; (2) standardize, and computerize the procurement documentation, e.g. the bidding documents; (3) strengthen the regulatory role of the Central Tender Board (CTB); (4) provide training for public procurement staff in ministerial departments; (5) integrate the ex-post review of procurement compliance in auditing practices; (6) streamline...

South Africa - Country Procurement Assessment Report : Refining the Public Procurement System, Volume 2. Main Text

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
This reports examines the importance of efficient public procurement for the national economy for South Africa. The country faces a unique task of merging a dual economy consisting of the exiting "main stream economy" and, an "emerging economy". To provide a national environment for optimal economic development; the government planned to mold the two economies into a sustainable unified growth pattern. Following are main recommendations for the near term. A national uniform procurement policy is currently being put in place, which will be applicable to all organs of state. Preparation of a draft for a national legislative/regulatory framework for public procurement to establish uniformity in tender procedures, policies and control measures. Creation of a national procurement compliance office in the National Treasury, which would be responsible only for procurement policy formulation, laws and procedures, provisions of standard bidding documents and contracts, oversight on implementation by all organs of state...

Fraud and Corruption Awareness Handbook : A Handbook for Civil Servants Involved in Public Procurement

World Bank
Fonte: Warsaw Publicador: Warsaw
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72%
This handbook is intended for government employees involved in public procurement. It provides some insights into how fraud and corruption schemes work in public investments. The handbook identifies a range of fraud and corruption indicators, or red flags, and relevant schemes that may become apparent during the life of an investment, from design to implementation. The primary focus of this handbook is fraud and corruption in procurement, with some coverage of general governance issues. It is based on the experience of Poland s Central Anti-Corruption Bureau and the World Bank s Integrity Vice Presidency, and it presents examples referring both to public investments implemented under Polish public procurement law and international competitive bidding. This handbook aims to provide support to the managers of procuring entities in conducting public procurement by identifying frequently occurring irregularities and suggesting methods of preventing them.

The Gambia : Country Procurement Issues Paper

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.86%
This Country Procurement Issues Paper (CPIP), is an interim assessment of the public procurement system of The Gambia based on the self-evaluation conducted by the Government in early 2005. The CPIP follows-up the Country Procurement Assessment Review (CPAR) undertaken in 1998, which led to the preparation and implementation of the public procurement reform program. Since the 1998's review, progress has been made especially in the legal, regulatory, and institutional framework. In 2001, Parliament adopted the Public Procurement Act (PPA) that defines the rules for public procurement. The PPA complies with the international best standards with a few exceptions. The PPA created a regulatory authority, The Gambia Public Procurement Authority (GPPA), to supervise the sector. Under the leadership of GPPA; The Gambia has made slow but steady progress towards a more transparent and more efficient procurement system. As of June 2005, the International Development Association portfolio includes five projects with a total commitment of US$79 million, of which US$28.5 million is undisbursed. Country Portfolio Performance Reviews have concluded that the overall performance of the portfolio is generally weak. Procurement is no exception: Post Procurement Review carried out in 2004-2005 have concluded that (1) procurement planning needs to be improved...

Brazil : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.65%
This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) intends to contribute to a dialogue with the government, on its procurement policy and management agenda, by surveying the existing situation, assessing the situation in light of appropriate standards, indicating a meaningful array of issues that could be incorporated into the government's agenda, and examining the desirability, and workability of practices that would address those issues. It represents an effort by the Bank, to seek further ways to support the reform, and modernization of government procurement in Brazil. Notwithstanding the constraining environment imposed by the 1993 legislation, the country moved forward to modern practices, developing an Internet-based system to implement the electronic version of COMPRASNET, unanimously rated satisfactory. Nonetheless, the current legal framework lays no foundation for a dispute resolution system for government contracts, where exhaustively detailed legal provisions, discourage flexible interpretations...

Ghana : Country Procurement Assessment Report, Volume 1. Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.77%
This report highlights a broad array of poor procedures and practices throughout the tendering and contract management process, which have been the cause of many of Ghana's public procurement problems, and where most of the leakages in public procurement funding occur and substantial savings could be realized. Most of the procedural anomalies are now being corrected by the Public Procurement Act (PPA), which includes the new regulations for the procurement of goods, works, and consulting services to be applied by all Procurement Entities. The provisions for standard tender documents and standard request for consulting proposals being completed, will detail the general principles embedded in the PPA, including evaluation and selection criteria. Standard contract documents, also being completed, will streamline current problems with contracting and payment procedures, labor standards, and dispute resolution. Good procurement manuals and training should leave no room for lack of understanding by procurement staff. The positive results on the ground depend largely on how well the new policies are put into practice and the extent to which this is done without political interference to the contrary. The application of the PPA and the Standard Tender and Contract Documents will not be successful without a broad training and "refresher" program and encouragement of officials in charge of procurement. Oversight and review functions are critical to exercising good procurement fiduciary management and Ghana is taking the necessary measures to strengthen it. Some recommendations include improving procurement planning and budgeting; value for money; contract management; stores management...

Nepal : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.65%
The ratio of projects at risk is 44 percent, which is much higher than a 20 percent Bank-wide average. The main problems seem to be an insufficient capacity to undertake procurement efficiently and an outdated system of procurement rules, many of which do not provide for transparent and competitive public purchasing of goods, works, and consultants' services. The report recommends the following: 1) Enact a modern, transparent, and competitive public procurement law, based on the UNCITRAL Model Law for Procurement, to apply to public procurement by all public entities in Nepal at all levels, as well as to parastatals. 2) create a small, independent procurement agency, with functions defined by the Public Procurement Law. 3) Pending the enactment of such a law, amend the Financial Administration (Related) Rules (FAR '99) to change the anti-competitive rules and practices listed in this report's Executive Summary. 4) Review and develop as needed standard bidding documents. 5) Develop and accelerate procurement training at all government levels. 6) Instruct the Auditor General's staff to assist on applying the donor's procurement rules and not local procurement rules. 7) Amend the anti-corruption legislation to impose harsh penalties and encourage reporting acts of corruption.

Philippines Country Procurement Assessment Report 2012

Asian Development Bank
Fonte: Manila Publicador: Manila
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.84%
Proper public procurement practices directly reflect good governance. Transparent and effective procurement practices minimize expenditure and create opportunity. Procurement is an enormous component in the process by which governments build infrastructure, such as schools and hospitals. It involves the management of significant amounts of money and is therefore often the cause for allegations of corruption and government inefficiency. The difference between getting public procurement right and doing it wrong has the potential to be either highly rewarding, or highly damaging. In some nations, reforms implemented to improve the efficiency of public procurement have resulted in savings of 1% of a country's gross domestic product. One can see why public procurement is so significant to the development of a country and its people. Citizens have the right to expect their government to spend these funds for the good of the people. In the past, corruption, inefficiency, ignorance, and disorganization have resulted in billions of pesos worth of losses. It is with the importance of these issues in mind that this report is produced to report on the state of procurement in the Philippines today. A 2012 CPAR action plan integrating all the existing and proposed initiatives and recommendations to address the areas for improvement in the Public Procurement System is presented at the end of this report. The action plan provides the road map and agenda for procurement reforms to be undertaken by the government...

Efficiency in Public Procurement in Rural Road Projects of Nepal

Benamghar, Radia; Iimi, Atsushi
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.56%
Transport infrastructure is important for economic growth. In Nepal, about 20 percent of rural residents have to spend more than 3 hours to go to the nearest marketplace or agriculture center. Public procurement is an important policy instrument to use resources wisely and efficiently. This paper analyzes a series of policy questions, from procurement design to contract management and project quality assurance. The paper finds that the competition effect is significant. To enhance competition, bidding documents can be distributed free of charge on a website. The bid preparation period can be extended. Security issues are also found to be particularly important to avoid unnecessary cost overruns and project delays. Heavy rainfall and the bidders' low-balling strategy are identified as other factors of project delays. The quality of roads would deteriorate with not only security incidence but also time, precipitation and traffic volume.

Pakistan - Federal Procurement Baseline Indicator Systems Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Procurement Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
The Baseline Indicators (BLIs) assessment has been conducted by the Development Partners and the Government of Pakistan as a precursor to carrying forward the Government's efforts to upgrade the Country Procurement Systems (CPS) to international standards and to help it assess the level and type of technical assistance required for achieving this objective. The assessment, being the first phase of a comprehensive procurement performance assessment, covered the four pillars as well as all the indicators and sub-indicators in each pillar based on a review of the existing regulatory framework and the institutional and operational arrangements and as provided for in the Organization for Economic Development (OECD) Development Advisory Committee (DAC) guidelines. While the views expressed in the report were the subject of discussions at the stakeholders' workshop, they do not necessarily represent the views of the Government of Pakistan. The result indicates that compared to the standard required for a transparent...

South Africa - Country Procurement Assessment Report : Refining the Public Procurement System, Volume 1. Summary of Findings and Recommendations

World Bank
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
This reports examines the importance of efficient public procurement for the national economy for South Africa. The country faces a unique task of merging a dual economy consisting of the exiting "main stream economy" and, an "emerging economy". To provide a national environment for optimal economic development; the government planned to mold the two economies into a sustainable unified growth pattern. Following are main recommendations for the near term. A national uniform procurement policy is currently being put in place, which will be applicable to all organs of state. Preparation of a draft for a national legislative/regulatory framework for public procurement to establish uniformity in tender procedures, policies and control measures. Creation of a national procurement compliance office in the National Treasury, which would be responsible only for procurement policy formulation, laws and procedures, provisions of standard bidding documents and contracts, oversight on implementation by all organs of state...

Sri Lanka : Country Procurement Assessment Report, Volume 2. Discussion and Analysis of Findings

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
This country procurement assessment report (CPAR) is presented in two volumes: Volume I is the Summary Report and Volume II is the Detailed Report. Volume I describes the key findings on the effectiveness and transparency of the present Public Procurement System and includes a recommended action plan for improving the system. Vol. II presents the in-depth study of the existing Financial Regulations, Guidelines and the legal system in relation to procurement (in the absence of a Public Procurement Law), procedures followed for Government-funded programs vis-à-vis those funded with external assistance, standardization of documents, and the organizational setup for procurement processing and implementation, together with a General Risk Assessment. The CPAR is based on the responses to the questionnaires received, documents reviewed and interviews held. The team sent out three sets of questionnaires: one for selected government ministries, a second for the selected implementing agencies which had major procurements...

Philippines : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.91%
Every year, the Philippine government spends hundreds of billions of pesos to buy the goods and services it needs to carry out projects and deliver services to its citizens. This money comes from the budget that it funds out of its own revenues and from loans and grants extended by foreign sources such as multilateral development banks and bilateral donors. Deciding how to spend this money is a very important responsibility on the part of government leaders and officials, not only because of the large amounts but also the public trust involved. Citizens and taxpayers have a right to expect that their government will spend these funds wisely and honestly, for the greatest public good. Procurement is a key step in the process of getting the best value for the people's peso. The process involves announcing or advertising what the government needs, inviting qualified parties or individuals to offer their bids, evaluating those bids, awarding contracts to the chosen bidders, monitoring their delivery and performance, paying them and recording the results of the whole process for others to see. It also involves making sure that the bidding is fair and transparent to all...

Colombia - National Level Public Financial Management and Procurement Report : Status of the Colombian Public procurement System - OECD Methodology; Colombia - Informe de la gestion financiera publica y sistema de contratacion

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
This Public Financial Management Performance Report (PFMPR) analyzes the performance of Colombia's public financial management (PFM) institutions, systems and processes. It documents areas where performance is close to or follows international good practice, as well as opportunities to further enhance PFM contribution to the goals of strengthening fiscal discipline, enabling more efficient allocation of resources, increasing operational efficiency, and fostering transparency. It is expected that the identified opportunities will strengthen further the Government of Colombia's programs of continuous PFM improvement, as provided for under the National Development Plan pillar regarding a state at the service of its citizens: efficient and effective Government. The main challenges cited in the report could also be an important reference to future development plans and PFM reforms. Ensuring the sustainability and trajectory of PFM programs becomes even more critical in the context of public expenditure policies to deal with the current international economic crisis. The study is based on the 28 high-level indicators and 69 individual dimensions that compose the PFM performance measurement framework. Each indicator seeks to measure performance of a key PFM element against a scale from A to D. The highest score is warranted for an individual indicator if the core PFM element meets the relevant objective in a complete...

Slovakia : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.64%
This update of the 1995 CPAR is based on the September 1999 PPA and the findings of the Bank CPAR mission to Slovakia in November 1999. The 1999 Public Procurement Act (PPA) is an improvement upon the previous PPAs in some respects, including the creation of an OPP, more detailed and clear procurement procedures, accreditation of procurement professionals, introduction of the Public Procurement Bulletin and expanded bid protest resolution procedures. However, it is the Bank's view that, although the procurement methods in the 1999 PPA comply with EU Directives, some of these methods lack transparency and may not result in efficient and competitive procurement. The PPA provides for four procurement methods: open tendering, restricted tendering, negotiated tendering with prior notification; and negotiated tendering without prior notification. While open tendering includes transparent procedures which will lead to competitive and economic procurement, the PPA does not include appropriate criteria for the use of restricted tendering...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Country Procurement Assessment Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Procurement Assessment (CPAR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69%
The emergency nature of many of the measures taken to meet the challenges which Macedonia has faced in recent years, including the Kosovo crisis and the recent threat to the country's security, has contributed to a general laxity in the enforcement of the country's laws, including the LPP. Compliance with the procurement law has been further undermined by the absence of the institutional machinery necessary to support implementation, particularly an authoritative body to oversee enforcement and provide institutions operating under the law with guidance on its application. Whilst the Ministry of Finance (MOF) is formally charged with authority over public procurement, it is only recently that MOF has dedicated resources to perform key oversight functions. That said, the MOF unit charged with this onerous obligation, the Public Procurement Division of the Ministry's Legal Department, lacks the stature and capacity to discharge its functions effectively. Furthermore, the institutions which should play an indispensable role in performing oversight of public procurement...