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Uma analise da logistica colaborativa na industria farmaceutica; An analysis of the collaborative logistics for the pharmaceutical industry

Luiz Fernando Moreira da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/02/2010 Português
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46.4%
Esta dissertação objetiva discutir a situação atual da logística farmacêutica na Grande São Paulo e analisar uma alternativa para a distribuição de medicamentos destinados às farmácias, sob os aspectos estratégico, tático e operacional. Esta alternativa deverá permitir a redução de custos e melhorar a eficiência desta distribuição urbana com entrega feita por meio de transporte rodoviário. Uma vez aplicada esta alternativa, espera-se uma redução nas taxas de poluição e de tráfego de veículos de entregas, com vantagens em comparação ao método atualmente utilizado pelo mercado farmacêutico. O uso da logística colaborativa no desenho da malha desta estratégia de distribuição fina é facilitado pela grande interação já existente entre as empresas do setor farmacêutico. Esta interação será ainda maior devido à publicação da Lei 11.903/09 e, mais recentemente, à regulamentação da ANVISA RDC 059/09, que torna obrigatória a coleta e troca de informação entre produtores, distribuidores e varejistas. De modo a tornar esta estratégia viável, sua composição de custos deve permitir a inserção de um parceiro de distribuição na malha atual. Este parceiro deverá estar apto a planejar e executar as entregas destinadas à região metropolitana...

The evolution and future of logistics and supply chain management

Ballou,Ronald H.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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This article will be divided into three sections: past, present, and future. The past section will trace major events that created business logistics as it is practiced today. In particular, do the events portend the future of business logistics and supply chain management? The present section will attempt to summarize the state of business logistics. How business logistics relates to supply chain management will be addressed. The future section will make some predictions as to the issues that need to be addressed and the events that will likely take place in the near term.

Business logistics: importance and some research opportunities

Ballou,Ronald H.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de São Carlos Publicador: Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/1997 Português
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66.66%
Business logistics is defined and reasons are given as to why it is a vital area of management. Political and economic trends are highlighted to show that it is even increasing in importance. Current research in business logistics is discussed with a focus on the design of the logistics network as it is aided by computer modeling. Research opportunities are identified to both improve modeling for network design and better specify the information inputs to the design process.

Improving Logistics Costs for Transportation and Trade Facilitation

Gonzalez, Julio A.; Guasch, Jose Luis; Serebrisky, Tomas
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Access to basic infrastructure services - roads, electricity, water, sanitation - and the efficient provision of the services, is a key challenge in the fight against poverty. Many of the poor (and particularly the extreme poor) in rural communities in Latin America live on average 5 kilometers or more from the nearest paved road, which is almost twice as far as non-poor rural households. There have been major improvements in access to water, sanitation, electricity, telecommunications, ports, and airports, but road coverage has not changed much, although some effort and resources have been invested to improve the quality of road networks. This paper focuses on the main determinants of logistics costs and physical access to services and, whenever possible, provides evidence of the effects of these determinants on competitiveness, growth, and poverty in Latin American economies. The analysis shows the impact of improving infrastructure and logistics costs on three fronts - macro (growth), micro (productivity at the firm level)...

Logistics, Transport and Food Prices in LAC : Policy Guidance for Improving Efficiency and Reducing Costs

Schwartz, Jordan; Guasch, Jose Luis; Wilmsmeier, Gordon; Stokenberga, Aiga
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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46.49%
This introductory section explains the rationale for the guidance note, reflecting on the relevance of food prices in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), their impact on the poor and the effect that logistics and transport costs have on those prices. Based upon that framework, the note provides an overview of the logistics and transport hurdles faced by importers and consumers in the region as food products move through the logistics chain. The final section of the report provides some policy guidance that could improve the efficiency of logistics systems in LAC and reduce the price of delivered foods.

Review of Logistics Service Regulations for Freight Forwarding Businesses

Watanuki, Maika
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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46.63%
Regulatory frameworks on logistics regulations are often opaque, especially in developing countries, because of the complex nature of logistics services. World Bank client countries have faced difficulty finding the issues that hinder them from improving logistics competence. Therefore, it is beneficial to understand how the logistics service industry is regulated and what should be addressed in building the regulatory framework to improve logistics competence. This note proposes questions to be addressed for beneficial regulations by reviewing existing logistics service regulations in 14 countries, particularly regulations for the freight forwarding industry. These questions will help in assessing a regulatory framework and identifying regulatory weaknesses. This note suggests that the regulatory framework should take into consideration national recognition of freight forwarding business, an institutional arrangement with clear division of responsibility among stakeholders, and streamlined but flexible regulations adapted to the country context.

Diretrizes de planejamento estratégico de uso e ocupação do solo urbano para portos secos; Strategical planning guidelines of urban land use and occupation for dry ports

Santos, Evandro Cardoso dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2004 Português
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Este trabalho mostra os resultados obtidos durante as atividades de pesquisa e levantamento de dados sobre os equipamentos urbanos de carga denominados Estações Aduaneiras Interiores (EADIs), conhecidos como Portos Secos, na identificação de impactos ambientais resultantes das operações portuárias desses estabelecimentos. O conflito na utilização do espaço viário da área urbana por modos e sistemas de transporte de carga, incumbidos da tarefa de movimentação e transporte de mercadorias dos Portos Secos nas cidades brasileiras, especialmente aquelas de maior porte e em regiões metropolitanas, a saber, caminhões e trens, leva à preocupação tanto pela inexistência de uma legislação específica locacional para estes equipamentos impactantes, como pela grande disseminação destes empreendimentos, especialmente na década de 1990. Aspectos operacionais como a movimentação de cargas e intermodalidade de transportes nas áreas dos Portos Secos, as atividades produtivas urbanas e regionais e a utilização dos Portos Secos, a concentração desses equipamentos nas periferias industriais urbanas das maiores cidades do país, a utilização do sistema viário principal urbano para a viabilização do transporte de cargas...

Expeditionary logistics: how the Marine Corps supports its expeditionary operations

Strand, Joshua D.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis reviews the state of expeditionary logistics within the U.S. Marine Corps. Expeditionary logistics is further defined within this thesis as the support given to an expeditionary operation. This study further categorizes expeditionary logistics according to the phase of the operation in which they occur. This insight gives greater understanding into when and where different assets and strategies are utilized in order to support Marines deployed abroad, and why the methods employed are used. A hypothetical yet realistic case study based on a Marine unit deployed in support of a humanitarian aid disaster relief mission was developed to assist with understanding the conduct of expeditionary logistics within the Marine Corps. This case study provides insight with regard to the methods employed to sustain a force abroad. The case study also provides scale and timing to aid in the general flow of supplying an expeditionary operation. This thesis provides recommendations where improvements can be made in the Marine Corps’ process of conducting expeditionary operations. Further study opportunities are identified to provide guidance for further research on the conduct of Marine Corps Expeditionary Logistics.; ; Major...

U.S. Marine Corps Equipment Readiness Information Tool: usage and decision-support for performance based logistics

Clemens, Richard A.; Griffin, Kristina K.; Grooms, James W., II
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 157 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
Português
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MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; The Marine Corps is transforming its automated logistics programs to meet the increasingly complex operational requirements of the 21st Century. One program that is part of this transformation is the Marine Corps Equipment Readiness Information Tool (MERIT). Our research analyzed: how can MERIT be used as a decision support tool for performance based logistics (PBL) and what areas of MERIT are recommended for improvement. Included in the analysis is a description of current readiness procedures used in the Marine Corps, providing a point of comparison for how well MERIT enables the logistics transformation. The basis of our analysis was user perceptions, assessed by a user survey and focus groups. The conclusions of our analysis determined: MERIT has not received official Marine Corps endorsement for its continued use; MERIT is a valuable material readiness information tool used by the Marine Corps; there is a general lack of understanding by users regarding MERIT's logical architecture and operation; and there is a lack of training on MERIT throughout the Marine Corps.; Major, United States Marine Corps; Major, United States Marine Corps; Captain, United States Marine Corps

The value of logistics information to the warfighter

Corrigan, Christopher J.; Kielar, Jayson E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 91 p. : col. ill.; 28 cm.
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This MBA project analyzes the benefit of integrating Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology into the Department of Defense supply chain management infrastructure. The project confirms the existence of an inherent value in logistics information used as a resource in Department of Defense supply chain management applications. Also identified is the value of comprehensive and real time logistics information to the warfighter and what he or she is willing to pay for that information. For example, the average value the warfighter is willing to pay on a deployed aircraft carrier is 2.46% of the carrier's average annual budget, or $8 56,775. To determine these values, the project uses the results of a survey distributed to Naval Supply Corps Officers who were used as survey respondents due to their positioning as a logistics and financial choke point between the man in the foxhole and their commanding officers. Using the value that Supply Officers are willing to pay for comprehensive and real time information, a value added figure is determined for the inclusion of RFID technology in the Department of Defense supply chain management infrastructure. Continuing with the aircraft carrier example...

An analysis of the U.S. Department of Defense contracting and logistics support during the first 100 hours of the 2010 Haitian disaster response operation

Obayuwana, Stella E.; Lockett, Eric D.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 85 p. : ill. (1 col. map) ; 28 cm.
Português
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46.36%
MBA Professional Report; The devastation caused by the recent earthquake in Haiti dramatically impaired the capabilities of all rapid response efforts. The resulting extreme conditions made it difficult to transport and deliver equipment, materials, supplies, and services to the earthquake victims and the first responders. The objective of this research is to analyze the effectiveness of the contracting and logistics support provided by the Department of Defense (DoD) through its collaborative disaster response effort-Operation Unified Response (OUR). This analysis reviews the initial response time, coordination of efforts, adequacy of support, contract administration and oversight processes, and logistics management of OUR within the first 100 hours of the disaster. Further, this analysis examines how the planners and coordinators of OUR used contracting and logistics to overcome the devastation that challenged their abilities to provide prompt relief to those in Haiti. The research team studied recent DoD disaster response operations to help determine the how effective were DoD's actions in the first 100 hours of the Haitian relief effort. The researchers recommend further research to analyze the cost savings associated with early integration of Contingency Contracting Officers (CCO) and Disaster Response Logisticians into the planning phases and life cycle of contingency operations...

Impact of logistics on readiness and life cycle cost : a life cycle management approach

Balafas, Andreas; Stage, John; Krimizas, Stavros
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 107 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
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46.32%
MBA Professional Report; Operational commanders are concerned with maintaining an optimal operational availability (Ao) for their weapons systems while balancing with readiness risk (probability of not achieving a threshold Ao), and cost. Operational availability has been integrated in the acquisition process (Department of Defense, 2009), affecting decision making to a great extent. In the early phase of an acquisition, an initial Ao threshold is created to support mission requirements. The initial Ao threshold is used in performancebased contracts in order to reduce the buyers' risk and the total life cycle cost (TLCC). Utilizing logistics modeling, cost analysis, a test platform, which is the Light Armored Vehicle equipped with a 25mm Gun System (LAV-25) currently employed by the United States Marine Corps (USMC), the authors will determine the effects of logistics on Ao and the TLCC utilizing specific critical factors, such as mean time between maintenance (MTBM), mean down time (MDT), and operational tempo. The authors' research will show which of the Ao's synthetic parameters are more sensitive to maintaining specific levels of Ao and readiness risk in conjunction with the cost, and the authors will suggest alternatives to achieve Ao and readiness risk thresholds under specific cost constraints.

Logistics and maintenance options to support the P-8A Poseidon's expeditionary mission

Calamug, Bernard F.; Trout, James A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 43 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
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MBA Professional Report; The purpose of this research is to identify the maintenance and logistics support structure needed to support the P-8A's Anti-submarine Warfare (ASW), Anti-surface Warfare (ASUW), and Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, while operating away from Permanent Deployment Sites (PDS) in austere operating areas, and to provide a set of possible support recommendations for these missions. This study will focus on the existing maintenance and logistics support structures currently being utilized for missions being performed by the P-3 Orion, and to propose organizational and operational recommendations to better support the agile, flexible, and responsive missions requirement of the P-8A. The result will provide feasible alternatives for decision makers regarding organizational design as well as logistics and maintenance requirements to support overseas deployments to remote, forward operating locations (FOL).

Strategic and operational considerations for the implementation of performance based logistics within the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force

Harada, Gaku
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xviii, 61 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Português
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46.44%
MBA Professional Report; The Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) will initiate its first performance-based logistics (PBL) contract in fiscal year 2010. This first contract is an experiment in contracting with private firms to provide direct support for military forces. Performance-based logistics is a very new concept for the Japan Self Defense Force, and many policy issues remain unaddressed. The purpose of this Master's project is to explore the critical strategic and operational risks and benefits that the JMSDF should consider concerning outsourcing public functions. This project identifies aspects of the experiences of the United States with performance-based logistics and how the JMSDF might learn from these experiences in order to emulate successes where conditions allow and avoid critical mistakes and failures. This study analyzes publicly available literature and documentation on performance-based logistics contracting, as well as contractor logistics support contracting, to develop a summary of the U.S. experience with PBL. We analyzed 37 articles to summarize their findings and claims with regard to cost, performance, performance measurement, risk, information systems, appropriateness of a particular weapon system for PBL implementation...

Business case analysis of cargo Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) capability in support of forward deployed logistics in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)

Peterson, Troy M.; Staley, Jason R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xvi, 65 p. : col. ill., 1 col. map. ; 28 cm.
Português
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46.41%
MBA Professional Report; Based on our analysis K-MAX is an attractive alternative to current methods of resupply. These findings led to our conclusion that the K-MAX is a program worthy of DoD investment and becoming a program of record. The concept for the utilization of unmanned aircraft system (UAS) capability in support of logistics in operation enduring freedom (OEF) is in response to a United States Marine Corps urgent needs requirement. This capability significantly decreases the ground convoy requirement. In addition, the introduction of UAS would reduce American forces' exposure to exterior enemy threats while conducting resupply missions. The Cargo UAS (CUAS) program is a Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIRSYSCOM) initiative. The Marines' main interest in the program is the ability to have a system that can operate autonomously beyond line of sight with GPS en route waypoint navigation and be controlled remotely at designated cargo delivery locations. The purpose of this study is to estimate potential cost savings in the form of resource human life valuations. This study conducts a business case analysis (BCA) comparing the estimated costs of the UAS program to the current methods for providing logistical support through traditional ground convoys...

Humanitarian Logistics: A New Field of Research and Action

Apte, Aruna
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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46.46%
The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1561/0200000014; Recent natural disasters such as the earthquake in Hati, Hurricane Katrina in the United States, tsunami in the Indian Ocean, the earthquake in Pakistan, and numerous humanitarian challenges arising from such conflicts as that in Sudan have exposed the shortcomings in planning for disasters. In addition to the natural disasters, the homeland security issues related to domestic as well as international terrorism have increased the fear factor and have made 'readiness' the principal priority. Humanitarian logistics is a critical element of an effective disaster relief process. The objective of this monograph is to discuss research issues and potential actions surrounding the new field of humanitarian logistics. We define humanitarian logistics as that special branch of logistics which manages response supply chain of critical supplies and services with challenges such as demand surges, uncertain supplies, critical time windows in face of infrastructure vulnerabilities and vast scope and size of operations. We survey case studies to learn from the past experience and review analytical models from the literature to understand the state-of-the-art in humanitarian logistics. We recommend further research in the fields of operations management and operations research to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of humanitarian logistics. We conclude that through humanitarian logistics is inherently chaotic and complex...

The Cost of Being Landlocked : Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability

Arvis, Jean-François; Raballand, Gaël; Marteau, Jean-François
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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In the last two decades new emphasis has been given to the economic impact of geography, especially on the cost of being landlocked. From a development perspective, understanding the cost of being landlocked and its economic impact is critical, since one country of four in the world is landlocked (almost one out of three in Sub-Saharan Africa). Attempts to address the cost of being landlocked have mainly focused on regional and multilateral conventions aiming at ensuring freedom of transit, and on the development of regional transport infrastructure. The success of these measures has been limited, and many massive investments in infrastructure seem to have had a disappointing impact on landlocked economies. Although there may still be an infrastructure gap, this book, based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, argues that logistics and trade services efficiency can be more important for landlocked countries than investing massively in infrastructure. Logistics have become increasingly complex and critical for firms' competitiveness...

Logistics Chain Management for Emergency Supplies

Okumura, Makoto
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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In response to the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) disaster, relief goods were distributed and delivered through prefectural- and municipal-level depots. This delivery system faced several problems including fuel shortages, interruption of telecommunication services, and supply and demand mismatches, resulting in stockpiling of the goods in depots and delayed delivery to the people in need. Several measures can be taken to address these issues, including prior surveys of depot facilities, estimating in advance the quantities of emergency goods that will be required, enlisting the support of professional logistics specialists, and promoting logistics information management in unaffected areas, among others. Delivery of relief goods was planned to be executed through depots at two levels-prefectural and municipal. Especially in the first two weeks, fuel shortages made downstream deliveries from prefectural depots very difficult. Also, manpower shortages and the inconvenient building specifications of depots were the main causes of unnecessary stockpiling in depots. Delivering several kinds of goods...

Uruguay - Trade and Logistics : An Opportunity - Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study
Português
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Globalization has brought about a rapid expansion of international trade and a dramatic change in trade structure. The liberalization of trade in goods and services, containerization, new integrated transport networks, advances in information communication technology and modern business logistics have created unprecedented business opportunities for the trade and transport industries, as firms increasingly rely on global supply chains for production and distribution. In response to the government's request, this study assesses Uruguay's potential as a logistics hub and as a regional distribution center. The competitiveness of Uruguay's logistics system is assessed from an international perspective and policy recommendations towards further efficiency gains are provided. The study focuses on policies related to enhancing domestic and regional trade facilitation and assesses the wider economic impact of such reforms on logistics costs and trade.

La relevancia de la logística en los negocios internacionales; The importance of logistics in international business

Ramírez Ramírez, Carlos Augusto; Ortiz Riaga, María Carolina
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Especialización en Alta Gerencia Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ciencias Económicas; Especialización en Alta Gerencia
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
Português
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Con el objetivo de analizar y explicar a fondo por qué la logística es una de las herramientas más importantes a la hora de organizar, gestionar y coordinar el desarrollo de negocios internacionales en el contexto del actual mundo moderno y globalizado, se ha planteado el documento. Este documento está estructurado en tres cuerpos principales acordes con las tres grandes ramas, en las que se dividen las diferentes ventajas que se pueden llegar a tener con un buen manejo logístico de los negocios: facilitación del comercio, regulación y control de comercio, y soporte de estas dos ramas.Los referentes bibliográficos citados se encuentran a la vanguardia en el desarrollo académico de temas concernientes con la logística y además, se enuncian estadísticas y datos que reafirman los argumentos enunciados y descritos.; In order to analyse and explain thoroughly why logistics is one of the most important tools to organize, manage and coordinate the development of international business in the context of the current modern, globalized world, the document has been raised.This document is divided into three main bodies in line with the three major branches, which are divided the various advantages that may be having a good logistic management of the business: facilitation of trade...