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Variabilidade genética e associação entre caracteres agronômicos, fisiológicos e fitoquímicos em variedades de Artemisia annua L

Bolina, Cristiane de Oliveira
Fonte: Pato Branco Publicador: Pato Branco
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.72%
Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae) is a highly aromatic annual herb, native from Asia and acclimated in Brazil. The leaves are a rich source of artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone used in the preparation of drugs for the treatment of malaria, and also of essential oil used in cosmetics and hygienic products. This study aimed to estimate the genetic variability and correlation between agronomic, physiological and phytochemicals traits in varieties of A. annua, also to characterize the content, yield and essential oil composition. The design was completely randomized and treatments were the varieties Artemis, 2/39x5x3M and 2/39x1V of A. annua, submitted to agronomic, physiological and phytochemical evaluations. For the accomplishment of the genetic distance estimates dissimilarity matrices had been generated using the Euclidean distance and Tocher’s and UPGMA’s grouping methods. Moreover, relative importance of the characters for genetic divergence for the method of Singh was evaluated. The relationship between the studied characters was estimated using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the significance level was analyzed by test t. The analyses were performed in the Genes software and the dendrograms obtained from the NTSYS program. The separation and quantification of substances present in the essential oil were performed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector and the identification of them were made in a gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometer. Tocher’s and UPGMA’s methods agreed among themselves in the formation of groups and the presence of genetic variability within varieties allowed the identification of dissimilar individuals with high average for all traits. The number of branches...