Página 1 dos resultados de 276 itens digitais encontrados em 0.013 segundos

Quem tem direito à moradia? :uma análise da política nacional de habitação e dos programas de habitação de interesse social (2003-2005)

Siqueira, Ana Lúcia de Souza
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This dissertation analyses the Brazilian housing policy of today s, focusing on the programmes in the socalled Social Interest Housing Subsystem in order to discuss to what extent the government has been able to grant housing constitutional rights in the country. The discussion is about housing policy and the principles in the country s Constitution regarding the role of housing as a social right, a right that must be granted by the state. This refers to land rent theory to understand the relationship between capital and property and the reasons why, under capitalism, housing becomes a commodity in the market. Then, it discusses the national housing policy, which emphasizes land ownership through financing, that is, via market, a process that excludes all low income population. In the conclusion, it is clear that, although government programmes cover extensively at least potentially the national territory as well as social group, subsidized housing programmes cannot be implemented in the city due to land prices because subsidy is too low. In this way, the law that grants housing rights to all Brazilian citizens is violated; O presente trabalho analisa a Política Nacional de Habitação do atual governo enfocando os programas inseridos no Subsistema de Habitação de Interesse Social com o fim de identificar a garantia do direito à moradia no Brasil...

O princípio da vedação ao retrocesso social e o papel dos poderes públicos na efetivação dos direitos fundamentais sociais

Andrade, Júlio Thalles de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The purpose of this dissertation is to analyze the role of Public Powers in the enforcement of fundamental social rights, according to the principle of prohibition to social regression. The Federal Constitution of Brazil, situated in a position normative hierarchical superior, disciplines the legal and political process of the country, determining how Public Powers (Legislative, Executive and Judiciary) should act to enforce fundamental rights (social). Thus, features a cast of fundamental rights that aim to ensure social justice, highlighting the concern to ensure social values aimed at reducing social inequalities. The will of the state should be prevented by controlling the constitutionality of measures which restrict fundamental social rights, assuming the principle of human dignity, pillar of Social and Democratic State of Right, a dual role in the brazilian legal system, acting as the presupposition of jurisdictional control of the constitutionality of restrictive acts and as supervisory of omission or insufficient action of the State in the fulfillment of their fundamental duties. The constitutional determinations remove from the legislator the option to create or not the law that prints effectiveness to the social rights, as well as from the Executive the option of to execute or not rules directed at realization of the constitutional parameters...

Direito fundamental à saúde: parâmetros e alternativas para sua concretização no Brasil

Albuquerque Junior, Helio Varela de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito; Constituição e Garantias de Direitos
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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If, on one hand, only with the 1988 Federal Constitution the right to health began to receive the treatment of authentic fundamental social right; on the other, it is certain since then, the level of concretization reached as to such right depicts a mismatch between the constitutional will and the will of the rulers. That is because, despite the inherent gradualness of the process of concretization of the fundamental social rights, the Brazilian reality, marked by a picture of true chaos on public health routinely reported on the evening news, denatures the priority status constitutionally drew for the right to health, demonstrating, thus, that there is a clear deficit in this process, which must be corrected. This concern regarding the problem of the concretization of the social rights, in turn, is underlined when one speaks of the right to health, since such right, due to its intimate connection with the right to life and human dignity, ends up assuming a position of primacy among the social rights, presenting itself as an imperative right, since its perfect fruition becomes an essential condition for the potential enjoyment of the remaining social rights. From such premises, this paper aims to provide a proposal for the correction of this problem based upon the defense of an active role of the Judiciary in the concretization of the right to health as long as grounded to objective and solid parameters that come to correct...

Trabalho análogo ao de escravo rural no Brasil do século XXI: novos contornos de um antigo problema; Rural labor analogous in Brazil of 21 st century: new contours of an old problem

SILVA, Marcello Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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105.96%
The objective of this paper is the study of rural labor analogous to slavery in Brazil of the 21st century. The goal of the research is to analyze the concept, characterization and the current mechanisms to combat this legal, social and economic phenomenon. Since some of the main obstacles to eradicating slavery-like working conditions are the absence of a precise concept of the phenomenon and the difficulty of its characteristics, this paper seeks to introduce the concept and identify the main features of this slavery-like labor, in hopes of contributing to its elimination. According to this paper, the concept of working conditions analogous to slavery outlined in article 149 of the Brazilian Criminal Code, with the wording of Law nº 10.803/2003, is broader than the concept of forced labor conceived by International Labor Organization. Thus, concludes this paper that the Brazilian Criminal Code´s Laws prohibit labor that is either forced or degrading, in essence using the concept of human dignity as its basis for outlawing all forms of modern slavery. This paper also concludes that although Brazil has achieved a prominent position in the fight against slavery-like labor, the legal mechanisms currently in existence to combat contemporary forms of slavery are not sufficient to solve the problem...

Exploração florestal certificada no cerrado: o crédito rural como mecanismo de fomento, controle e fiscalização; Certified forestry in the savanna: the rural credit as a mechanism for the promotion, control and surveillance

MARQUES, Carla Regina Silva
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This search focuses on the Exploration of Wood in savanna, for certification, which aims to certify the origin of the product within the standards of sustainability. For this, some national and international methods have been decribed, as well as a brief description about the history and classification of Forest Certification. Secondly, the Rural Credit was exploited in its legal nuances and their applicability to logging. Finally, it was showed the possibility of logging in Savannah, in a sustainable way, when it was identified the main characteristics of this biome. In the end, it was concuded by the possibility of histype of agriculture activity in Savanna, to wich it can be used several lines of financing offered by financial institutions. From the legal point of view, highlighted the bias developer of Agricultural Law, in contrast to the bias sanctions Environmental Law.; A exploração de madeira no cerrado, para fins de certificação, deve atestar a origem do produto dentro de padrões de sustentabilidade. Para esta análise foram abordados alguns métodos nacionais e internacionais de Certificação Florestal, bem como uma descrição sucinta sobre o histórico e a classificação deste instituto. Num segundo momento, foi explorado o Crédito Rural...

Dimensão axiológica da posse agrária em face do direito de propriedade da terra: a atuação do judiciário frente ao princípio da função social; Axiological dimension of agrarian law in the face of land ownership: the role of the judiciary against the principle of social function

ALMEIDA, Francisco Provázio Lara de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.98%
The liberal model of economy and the Objective Theory of the Possession, developed by Jhering, minify the possession, when it s compared to the property. For a long time, the possession was thought as a fast and effective way of property protection. However especially after the Federal Constitution of 1988, the axiological axis of the legal apparatus changed its focus from the property to the person. That caused a significant change in the conception of possession, mainly if it s the agrarian possession, because of its vocation to fulfill the social function. The law and the Judicial acting, however, have not find the appropriate way to work with this new paradigm. That s why it s proposed to review the law and the Judicial acting, to allow the effective protection to the fundamental rights in the Federal Constitution, especially the social function.; O modelo liberal de economia e a Teoria Objetiva da Posse, de Jhering, colocaram a posse em condição de inferioridade frente a propriedade. Por longo tempo se pensou na posse como um meio célere e efetivo de proteção à propriedade. Ocorre que, notadamente, após o advento da Constituição Federal de 1988, o eixo axiológico do ordenamento deixou de ser o patrimônio, tendo, agora...

A propriedade intelectual no direito agrário: a tutela jurídica da exploração econômica dos conhecimentos tradicionais associados à biodiversidade; Intellectual property in agricultural law: the legal protection of economic exploitation of traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity

FURTADO, Fabrício Ribeiro dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The potential cost-effective generated by biological diversity misrepresented the sense and value of traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, intensifying exploitation and destruction of natural resources, notably in developing countries. Protection of biodiversity is regulatory framework of the Convention on biological diversity, with three main objectives: biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from the use of natural resources, through their appropriate access and transfer of relevant technologies. Another band, the international intellectual property system, embodied by the TRIPS Agreement, expressed through its institutions, notably the WTO and WIPO, by application of the system of patents to traditional knowledge, legalising the expropriation of elements of biodiversity, what is termed the "back of Columbus". This work you want to check each one of the main points of these two models of protection of traditional knowledge, discerning possible alternatives present on the international scene. Accordingly, the approach is highly theoretical, having as main conceptual the thinking of Fritjof Capra, his work "the Web of life", which implies recognizing that biodiversity has an intrinsic value. The search will seek to identify the lines category nature demarcatórias...

Políticas agrícolas de certificação e sistema agropecuário de produção integrada (SAPI); Agricultural policies and the agricultural system of certification of integrated production (SAPI)

ARAUJO, Ionnara Vieira de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The model of mechanized agricultural development, highly dependent on fertilizers and pesticides, does not answer the current demands of the international market especially for quality and food safety. Considering this, the Brazilian government has created agricultural programs of certification, one of them, the Integrated Agricultural Production System (SAPI) is the object of this paper. This system has its focus on new sanitary rules, technological, environmental and social impacts of a consumer market conscious and concerned about the health and environment. The certification mark gives this legal system contribution to the agricultural policies of certification and labeling programs by trying to ensure healthy food, free from hormones and pesticides, through a rigid system of traceability and monitoring process. The comparative method of historical analysis was used in the research. As theoretic reference, this research was based on the ideas of the Brazilian jurist Eros Roberto Grau, who studies law in motion, constantly changing, as it does in reality, a perspective in which the law, as a public policy instrument, is used to amend the social contradictions. In addition to this author, as a theoretic reference, the theories of sociologist Boaventura de Sousa Santos will be used...

EMPRESA AGRÁRIA: Análise jurídica do principal instituto do Direito Agrário contemporâneo no Brasil; AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISE: Legal analysis of the leading institute of contemporary Agrarian Law in Brazil

PINHEIRO, Frederico Garcia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This dissertation aims to present an overview of the legal theory adopted by the enterprise in Brazilian Enterprise Law, and thereafter, further studies specifically the agrarian enterprise, mainly to assess what were the legal innovations that appeared with the validity of the Civil Code of 2002, as well as the corresponding consequences for the Brazilian Agrarian Law that currently has in undertaking its primary agrarian institute.; A presente dissertação visa apresentar um panorama geral sobre a teoria jurídica da empresa conforme adotada pelo Direito de Empresa brasileiro e, a partir daí, aprofundar os estudos especificamente da empresa agrária, principalmente para aferir quais foram as inovações jurídicas que surgiram com a vigência do Código Civil de 2002, bem como os correspondentes reflexos para o Direito Agrário brasileiro que, atualmente, tem na referida empresa agrária o seu principal instituto

A reparação do dano ambiental na desapropriação agrária sancionatória: A utilização de instituto do direito agrário como instrumento jurídico para a proteção ambiental; Repairing the environmental damage on land expropriation punishment: The use of the institute agrarian law as a legal instrument for environmental protection

ESTABILE, Henrique César da Rocha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The Brazilian Federal Constitution, promulgated on 1988, provides the property right; nevertheless it‟s related to a social purpose. Therefore the Magna Carta asserts that the right to a healthy or adequate environment is itself a human right, which leads to the citzens and the State the responsibility of ensuring the needs and interests of present and future generations fully safeguarded, covering a variety of issues including protection of the environment. Furthermore, the Union has the authority to determine land expropriation of the areas which are not committed with a social purpose, featuring these lands for agrarian reform. Hence, knowing both constitutional guidelines, comes to a closer discussion the compensation for the environmental when there‟s a land expropriation penalty. Focusing this, an analyses could be done in a way that using the land expropriation penalty could be a legal instrument leading to environmental protection. Considering the procedures of land expropriation penalty, the expropiating entity checks the rural property including the environmental damage of it. Thus, if environmental damage is found, the State should mention demand for restitution of the area in the expropriation procedures, under penalty of handle it hereafter...

Ocupação coletiva de imóvel rural e desapropriação agrária; Collective occupation and expropriation of property rural land

SOUZA JÚNIOR, Edson José de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This paper proposes a study about the interpretation of legal provisions that establish the new regulatory framework of one of the mean legal institutions of official performance allusive to agrarian reform, that is the expropriation by social interest to the agrarian reform. This reform is also known as agrarian expropriation, especially under the perspective of the consequences of collective occupation of rural property in the process of inspection or administrative assessment, or that is about to judge the respective action of agrarian expropriation. One concern that guided this study was to indicate the list of government initiatives to try to contain conflicts in the field, as well as to check to the most diverse jurisdictional understandings these incursions resulted. As theoretical support of this work, the normativity, the relevance of the principle of human dignity and of the nature protection and the centrality that the principle of social function bears in the current stage of "evolution" of parental rights were analyzed. This occurred without forgetting that there was an expansion of the content, inserted in a context of class struggle, a process of flows and inflows, advances and setbacks. We sought to accomplish an interpretation more in line with the normativity of the constitutional provisions...

Intervenção do estado na agricultura: política de desenvolvimento agrário, tributação e incentivos fiscais; Government intervention in agriculture: agrarian polity, taxation and tax incentives

VIEIRA, Lucas Bevilacqua Cabianca
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
115.98%
Throughout the agricultural history of Brazil-colony to nowadays, the State is an agent of the Spotlight: in the definition of regulatory frameworks, encouraging private initiative, or even as a direct economic agent. Since this the present work intends to make a brief historical summary of state intervention in agriculture activity, with the prospect of detail in the marcha para o oeste, in order to understand the evolution of Brazilian agrarian policy with emphasis on taxation. Considering the modalities of state intervention in the economic order there shall be a topical analysis of tax incentives as an instrument of agrarian policy, taxes imposed on us: the rural property (ITR), the income of rural activity (IRPF and IRPJ) and agricultural products (ICMS) in an internationalized setting. Considering the demands of the agricultural sector (tax cuts, simplification of the system and eliminating distortions of competition) its urgent to adopt an effective agricultural policy in compliance with the standards of public finances and the guidelines of the Multilateral System Trade and MERCOSUR.; Ao longo da história agrária do Brasil-colônia aos dias atuais, o Estado apresentouse, senão como protagonista, como agente de destaque: seja na definição de marcos regulatórios...

Pagamento pelos serviços ambientais: proteção das app s através do icms ecológico

JUSTINIANO, Maria Augusta Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
116.01%
La recherche, sous un point de vue axiologique, a cherché à répondre à des questions relatives à droit de propriété rurale ayant pour basilaire le principe nucléaires de fonction sociale. L exigence de l environnement a été souligné dans le but de contribuer à la solution du problème de la réduction des zones protégées par la loi, en particulier les zones de préservation permanent. La recherche d alternatives au conflit vécues par les paysans entre la productivité et la durabilité n exploration de l activité rurale, a été fondée sur le droit fondamental à un environnement écologiquement équilibré, considéré par la Constitution comme une responsabilité de tous, du gouvernement et la société. En utilisant les solutions parmi les politiques publiques, a été identifié le Paiement des Services Écosystémiques (PSE) pour les agriculteurs en tant qu instrument de gestion de l environnement rendue possible grâce à des recettes de ICMS Écologique. Mettez en évidence le base théorique, en le droit Premial, défendu par Norberto Bobbio, en le principe de l égalité et le principe de solidarité dans la perspective de la justice distributive aristotélicienne.; A pesquisa, sob uma perspectiva axiológica...

Relações de emprego no campo: as diversas formas de contratação produtiva; Employments relations in the field: the varius ways of recruitment end productive reestructuring

FLEURY, Maria das Graças Prado
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This is a dissertation wich main focus is the study, in the state of Goiás, of the employments relations in the field and its relateds.The disrespect to the workers rigths in the field has been perpetuated through the years. Only after the brasilian Constitution of 1988, rural and urban workers received the same legal treatment. The slavery that has been present for more than three hundred years can still be found through work practices that look like it.The arrival of the capitalist relations to rural area brougth more damage to the condition of the rural worker. The employment relation is a specie of the work relation itself and, to better contextualize it as a kind of subordinate service installment, different from the autonomous work and of other forms of subordinate service contribution, it is described the juridical discipline of the rural employment contract and of this other forms of service installment. In the last years, it was edited two laws creating specific rules to discipline the bond of rural employment. Both of them came from the fact that the demand of labor in the, nowadays, occurs in specific steps of production. The increase of productivity, caused by the modernization of agrarian activities raises the efficience of the system...

Instrumentos jurídicos para a organização das atividades agrárias da comunidade kalunga do engenho II

SIQUEIRA, Roberta Cristina de Morais
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The research that follows discusses the way in which agrarian economic activities are organized in the community Kalunga of Engenho II, a collectivity of people living in the northeastern of Goiás state and has quilombola ancestry. It started from the assumption that the Association Kalunga of Cavalcante is a suitable instrument for economic and social development of the people and that impedes their progress does not relate to this organizational form, but an entire social structure that comes from the neo-liberal capitalism. Was used as a theoretical-methodological proposal to analyze and characterize the community through the established legal order in conflict with the law as an instrument of empowerment of local communities and social movements. To reach the proposed objective, we seek the theoretical reflections of the jurist and sociologist Boaventura de Sousa Santos, who proposes a reinvention of the right, using it as an instrument of transforming society through the action of social groups, and many other authors of reference, which are scattered throughout the body of research.; A pesquisa que se segue pretende discutir a forma com a qual se organizam as atividades econômicas agrárias da comunidade Kalunga do Engenho II...

A redução das desigualdades sociais e o acesso às novas tecnologias de informação e comunicação no meio rural; The reduction of social inequality and access to new information and communication technologies in the rural areas

SOUZA, Sérgio Ricardo Moreira de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impacts of the use of new information and communication technologies to the democratic process in the light of democratic and constitutional theory verify that the policies of digital inclusion in rural Federal Government are democratic and constitutional. For this, the thesis will use the line-critical methodology, and research the type-legal and historical literature. The way to exercise citizenship in the public sphere is extremely important for the conduct of relations between human beings and their fellow citizens, and can contribute to reducing social inequalities and social exclusion. And during each historical period, techniques or technologies of information and communication were not only support for the spread of knowledge, but to bring together groups that had converging interests, be they articulated for the realization of the public, private or common interest. The concentration of these techniques or technologies by a small group of society causes imbalance in the social life, since it is the latent power of manipulation that accompanies the use of these means of transmission of the language.; O objetivo da presente dissertação é analisar os impactos da utilização das novas tecnologias de informação e comunicação para o processo democrático...

Da indenizabilidade dos terrenos marginais de rios federais nas desapropriações agrárias: estudos de caso no estado de Goiás; Inindenizabilidade of marginal land of federal rivers in the agricultural expropriations: case in the State de Goias

GUIMARÃES, Roberto élito dos Reis
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The Item III of art. 20 of the Federal Constitution of 1988 prescribes that belong to the Union lakes, rivers and streams in any of its land area, or bathing more than one state, that serve as boundaries with other countries, or extending or come from a foreign country, referring also to marginal lands. However, INCRA, in fulfillment of its institutional role, over the past decades, many homeowners expropriated rural areas which are bounded by water bodies federal domain, indemnifying the land that tangent referred to water resources. Aiming to analyze the performance of INCRA in the State of Goiás, it was a collection of data and information before the Regional Heritage Management in Goiás Union concerning the federal rivers that bathe the State and their marginal lands. He got up data also at the regional superintendents of INCRA in the State of Goiás (SR-04 and SR-28/DFE) in order to identify the property expropriated, whose areas have focused on marginal lands and rivers federal compensation if there was this track marginal. The research was conducted under a qualitative approach, resorting to the legal sources, doctrine and jurisprudence relating to the object of study, having as the main landmark constitutional parental rights...

As indicações geográficas como objeto do direito agrário; Les Indications Géographiques comme Object du Droit Agraire

FREITAS, Junior Cesar Bueno e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Cette dissertation sur le droit agraire et la propriété intellectuelle a été élaboré sur la base de la ligne de recherche sur l'histoire et l'évolution juridique de la possession et de la propriété de la terre dans le Centro-Oeste, dans la thématique du développement soutenable. Les indications géographiques ont si révélé un vrai attribut de la propriété immatérielle, capable d'ajouter la valeur aux produits agroalimentaires. Le travail a du point initial, référentiel et comparateur les articles 176 jusqu'au 182 de la Loi n º 9.279/96 (Loi de la Propriété Industrielle), qui considère comme indication géographique, l'indication de provenance et l´appellation d'origine. Le problème de la recherche consiste à enquêter si les indications géographiques seraient, vraiment, objet d'étude du droit agraire. La recherche a été développée par une approche qui s'utilise de plusieurs méthodes, en s'adoptant la méthode systématique sous laquelle il se considère l'utilisation des diverses sources juridiques, habitudes et principes, en le conjuguant avec un abordage méthodologique comparatif dans une recherche éminentement bibliographique. La collecte des données a été réalisée, principalement, sur base des législations du Brésil...

Políticas públicas de combate ao trabalho escravo rural contemporâneo no Brasil: análise da responsabilidade do Estado na erradicação da exploração da mão de obra escrava a partir dos paradoxos da realidade normativa, jurisprudencial e social brasileira; Public policies to combat contemporany rural slave labor in Brazil: analysis of state responsability in eradicating the exploitation of slave labor starting on paradoxes of reality normative jurisprudence and social brazilian

NASCIMENTO, Arthur Ramos do
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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106.01%
In o rd e r t o an a l yz e p ub lic p o li c ie s t o comb at s la ve la b o r , t hi s p ap e r p r e se nt s c o ns id e r a t io ns o n t he need t o imp r o ve me c ha n isms t o comb a t, as we ll a s t he r e co gnit io n o f s t a t e r e sp o ns ib i lit y a nd t he ju d ic i a l r e vi ew o f t he s e p o l ic i es . T he p r es e nt ed s t u d y co nc ep t s ab ou t co ntemp o r ar y s la v er y i n r u r al ar e a s a s a wa y o f i nd ic a t ing i t s mo r e imp o r t ant to t hi nk ab o u t mec ha ni sms t o comb a t ef f e ct i ve a nd ef f i c ie nt. I n t hi s d ir e ct io n we e xami ne t he p o li c ie s , s t a nd ar d s b as ed a nd p ar ad o xic a l asp ec t s o f Br az i l i a n r e a lit y. T he r e s e ar c h a l lowe d to ob s er ve t hat t he p er p e tu a t io n o f co ntemp o r ar y s la ve r y i s no t b y l ac k o f st a nd ar d s, b u t it s no n- imp leme nt at io n b y t he Go ver nme nt . Alt ho u gh c ap ab le o f imp r o veme nt , t he e xi s t i n g st a nd ar d s wo u ld b e su f f ic i e nt t o er ad ic at e t he p r ob lem, i f t he st at e' s mec ha ni sms wo u ld wo rk i n f a vo r o f huma n r i gh ts . I t p r e se nt s some su gg es t io ns i n t he se a r c h fo r imp ro veme nt o f e xi st i ng p u b li c p o lic i e s a imi ng f laws a nd s tr e ngt hs t o co ns id er . Af t er c o ns id e r i ng t he p a r ad o xes no rmat i ve ju r i sp rud enc e a nd so c ia l r e a l it y o f Br a z i l no te d t he r e l at i ve i ne f f i c ie n c y o f p r e ve n t i ve po l ic i es ...

Aplicação do princípio jurídico da precaução no processo administrativo de liberação dos cultivares e dos transgênicos LL62 e GM Embrapa 5.1; Application of the legal principle of precaution in the process release of administrative cultivars and transgenic "Rice LL62" and "GM Embrapa 5.1"

SOUSA, Narliane Alves de Souza e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
105.96%
The current panorama experienced by society, from the perspective of genetic improvement, especially the vegetables, attracts the questioning about application of legal principle of precaution, this due to scientific uncertainty of possible damage that they may trigger on long term. Thus, due to changes in environmental conditions and effect of necessary human health by use of biotechnology has brought the principal object of this work is to analyze the precautionary principle and the process of releasing plants genetically altered and improved, in particular of cultivars and of transgenic crops under the legal perspective. Because two processes were analyzed for release of genetically modified organisms, which are the "rice LL62" Bayer and the bean "GM Embrapa 5.1" of Embrapa, being that the first is an application of experiment and the second a request for marketing. Noting that both the studies of genetic improvement and the protection of the environment are guarded by the Federal Constitution of 1988. Also, due the questions in the legal field study examined whether the Commission's release process Tecnic National de Biossegurança CTNBio follows the fulfilment of the minimum specifications required by the precautionary principle and whether they are sufficient to ensure food safety and to avoid possible irreversible degradation of the environment. Social and legal context...