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Ciências Sociais e Aplicadas.

Moscati, Giorgio; Versiani, Flávio Rabelo
Fonte: CNPq/Coordenação Editorial; Brasília Publicador: CNPq/Coordenação Editorial; Brasília
Tipo: Parte de Livro
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A área de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas abrange, em Avaliação & Perspectivas 1982, as dez subareas seguintes: Administração, Biblioteconomia, Comunicação, Demografia, Economia, Economia Rural, Educação, Geografia, Serviço Social e Urbanismo. (*) O rótulo de Ciências Sociais "Aplicadas" para esse grupo de disciplinas é obviamente inadequado, assim como a distinção entre Ciências Sociais Aplicadas e Ciências Humanas e Sociais. A adoção dessa classificação pelo CNPq obedeceu basicamente a razões de ordem prática. A preparação dos documentos de Avaliação & Perspectivas para essas dez subáreas foi um processo extenso, que envolveu, direta ou indiretamente, ao longo de um período de vários meses, grande número de especialistas daquelas disciplinas. Inicialmente, a partir de indicações feitas pelos Comitês Assessores do CNPQ, foram escolhidos pesquisadores de expressão e experiência em seus campos de atividade, para funcionarem como redatores dos documentos. Foram os seguintes os redatores das várias subáreas: Administração: professor Roberto Costa Fachim, da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS); Biblioteconomia: professora Suzana Pinheiro Machado Mueller, da Universidade de Brasília (UnB); Comunicação: professor Eduardo Peñuela Cañizal...

A transformação da Associação de Professores do Rio Grande do Norte (APRN) em Sindicato dos Trabalhadores em Educação (1986-1990)

Santos, José Maximiano dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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El estudo que ahora apresentamos habla a respecto ala transformaçión de la Asociación de maestros del Rio Grande del Norte (APRN en sindicato de los trabajadores en educación (SINTE) en el período de 1986 1990. Tratase basicamiente de las razones que llebaran historicamente la APRN la reorganizar sus luchas, su cultura política y el su movimiento reivindicatório; que impulsionaran la construción del próprio sindicato el único de la categoria, após el regime militar em el país especialmente en el gobierno Sarney, y en el ánbito estadual com la resistência la política econômica y la repreción policial del gobierno Geraldo Melo, la época. El estudo también apunta algunas caraterísticas marcantes del contexto histórico de la educación nacional, enfatizando la asención de la escuela nueva en el Brasil en las décadas de 1920 y 1930, inclusive delante del movimiento sindical, controlado por el gobierno Vargas que tênia uma praetica corporativista. Es importante decir que esas características estavan juntas del contexto local, en el rato en que se percebia la primer gestan del prof Anfilóquio Cámara, como el primer presidente de la APRN, al partir de la su fundación (1920), y que tênia um relacionamento bastante estrecho com el poder público estadual de caráter liberal. Habia una discución sobre la abertura política y la atuación política de las clases médias brasileñas ya em 1979...

Mercado de trabalho, ocupações e rendimentos: a Região Metropolitana de Natal na década de 1990

Silva, Marconi Gomes da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
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The aim of this study is the labour market at Natal Metropolitan Region with emphasis in occupations and incomes that took place at the nineties. The definition of its chronological boundaries passed by verification of existence of evident socio-spatial impacts for output, occupation and income in national economy, with rebounds in all national territory, conditioned by institutional and socio-economical transformations which marked Brazilian insertion to capital flows and commodities globalization movement that took place at the cited decade. It has been shown that such impacts did not distributed themselves equally between diverse spatial levels (great regions, federate unities, municipalities) because of historical specificities in each place in terms of output structures and organization of distinct social agents. Having as its basis the Marxist perspective, it tackled theoretically occupations and incomes, transformations in labour universe occurred at world level, mainly in most urbanized areas, and following that to focus changes occurred in Brazilian society related to the search for competitive insertion in global economy during the period regarded. Special attention was gave to Natal Metropolitan Region, because it was historically a concentration area for investments...

O impacto do pagamento da participação sobre a produção de petróleo e gás natural sobre a renda familiar e a propriedade no Município de Governador Dix-Sept Rosado no período de 1998 a 2004

Lall Júnior, George Indarsane
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This scientific study deals about the oil and natural gas production participation payment impact in the county of Governador Dix-sept Rosado, Rio Grande do Norte, between 1998 to 2004, applied to family income and property. To do so, this analysis focus on the ricardian´s theory exposition which merges from the concept of the mineral income, in concern to the legal establishment of royalties. This paper also shows the world evolution oil exploration, inserting Brazil in this scene as a oil and natural gas producter. It identifies the productive site of oil and natural gas in Rio Grande do Norte as the Potiguar Oil Area, characterizing its components in the demographic, physical and social aspects, to reflect in the focus point of observation which is the Governador Dix-sept Rosado county. The participation payment on oil and natural gas is demonstrated in a qualitative analysis both in Brazil as in Rio Grande do Norte. The payments given to the land owners in this federative unity are shown in the period of analysis of this essay. The study tells, based in a field research, the benefaction impact of the payment to the land owners over the income and property. The family income were highly impacted...

Relações internacionais: o comércio exterior do Brasil e Rio Grande do Norte no período de 1999 a 2008; International Relations: foreign trade of Brazil and Rio Grande do Norte from 1999 to 2008

Dantas, Jefferson Teixeira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The period post-war promoted several changes in relations economic, political and social world. Since then, a new division international of labor has delineated, with the great growth of Asian countries. In the field of international relations, the world still appears to transition is not completed because the old institutions were not replaced by new ones and the power of the United States as a major capitalist country remains unshaken, even with the emergence and strengthening of new economic global blocs. With globalization, Brazil emerges with more intensity in the face of new issues global, although its share in transactions trade global hasn‟t changed accordingly. In this sense, the objective of this dissertation is to examine, in a descriptive and critical the development of international relations and trade of Brazil and Rio Grande do Norte with the main blocs in the world from 1999 to 2008. As a secondary objective: to identify the assumptions theoretical that underpinned the decisions governments of the FHC and Lula, in particular, the interference of these terms in international relations and foreign trade. Adopted as the procedure methodological the literature review of the subject, as well as collection and processing of the data of foreign trade. During the Cardoso government has undergone the substantial growth in imports...

Instituições, agricultura familiar e crédito rural: avaliação de resultados do Pronaf B nos territórios rurais do Rio Grande do Norte

Holanda, Gilderlanio Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Broadly anchored on Institutionalist literature this dissertation seeks to answer: Why rural credit granted to farming families in Rio Grande do Norte, Pronaf group B, has shown positive results in some territories while in others the same results are insatisfactory? Considering formal rules are the same, then why such results are so distinguished? This research supports the fact that these results are a direct consequence of the quality of institutions defined as longstanding social rules established and built in social interactions. For institutions one understands; organizational structures, formal and non-formal rules, social trust, thinking behaviors and its evolution as well as routines. Using Pronaf Rural Credit as a background this study measures and compares results obtained in the rural areas of Seridó, Sertão do Apodi, Mato Grande, Assú-Mossoró, Trairi, Potengi and Alto Oeste. The dimensions of measurement considered were: economics, social and guarantee of transparency. The study considers a sample of 402 Group B farming families. It also elaborates a socio-economic profile of these families in the considered areas and underlines the main causes for defaulted loans, difficulties to improve family income and results of access to Pronaf B credit line...

O papel do BNB/FNE na economia nordestina pós 1990

Araujo, Marcelo Augusto Pontes de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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O presente trabalho objetiva analisar o papel do crédito vinculado às tentativas de fomentar a modernização da estrutura econômica nordestina. Tal procedimento se sustenta nos financiamentos do BNB, o qual se configura como instituição financiadora do processo de industrialização da Região Nordeste. O principal fundo à essa finalidade é o FNE. Dessa maneira avaliaremos também a importância do crédito na dinâmica de regiões periféricas como o nordeste o é. Assim, indaga-se: tais mecanismos foram relevantes para eliminar os gargalos produtivos do Nordeste através da modernização de sua economia? O direcionamento do fundo ocorreu de forma a diminuir o hiato intra-regional? A suposição do trabalho é que tais fundos configuraram-se como essenciais à economia nordestina, no entanto, insuficientes para a finalidade a qual foram criados. Usa-se uma pesquisa bibliográfica alicerçada na literatura pertinente, associada a uma análise documental, a qual permite a utilização de dados estatísticos que demonstrem o desempenho do BNB referente ao objetivo do FNE. Finalmente, nota-se que, tanto houve uma concentração no direcionamento do fundo para setores menos complexos, o que contribuiu para a manutenção estrutural da economia nordestina...

A elasticidade da pobreza em relação ao crescimento e à desigualdade de renda no nordeste rural brasileiro de 1995 a 2009: uma análise comparativa

Lopes, Elinete Luisa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This work aims to analyze how the growth in average income and the change in inequality in income distribution have impacted rural poverty in the Northeast in the period 1995 to 2009. Under the approach in Kakwani (1993) e Duclos and Araar (2006), and under the assumption of log-normality of income per capita, exposed in Bourguignon (2002) and Hoffmann (2005), are calculated growth and inequality elasticities of poverty to FGT poverty measures in order to observe the behavior of the sensitivity of poverty to changes in average household income and the change in income distribution / Gini index. Concurrently, decomposes the changes in measures of poverty (proportion of poor) between growth and distribution components (first proposed by Datt and Ravallion, 1992) to assess the effect of weight change and the effect of income inequality change change on poverty. Regarding the estimation of elasticities of poverty and growth and inequality elasticities of the two methodologies used in this work - under the assumption of lognormal distribution of income and FGT measures under the by Kakwani (1993) andDuclos e Araar (2006) - though do not result in identical values, to corroborate same results, ie the long-term decline in rural poverty from 1995 to 2009 the Northeast and the greater sensitivity of the Northeast Rural Poverty...

Desenvolvimento nacional, desenvolvimento regional e moeda: notas teóricas à luz da economia política do desenvolvimento

Santos, Herberth Lima dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This work analyses the ability of National States and regions have to formulations development strategies. Redeeming the initial development concept as a conflictual process, the hypothesis is that it presents internal and external constraints, as the latter have a higher preponderance, revealed the role played by money. In this case, one can point to as sub-hypothesis that the growth models with external constraint, mainly through the balance of payments, may illustrate the fact that countries are subject to international economic interactions that limit the possibility of bringing acylating strategies well successful in overcoming backwardness. For the specific case of regions, indicates that the external constraint remains an element of embarrassment for regional development, but redeems itself the center-periphery relations in this context to discuss the role of monetary and financial system as an explanation for the disparities regional income. On the domestic front, we highlight the importance of social structures of accumulation as an element of internal cohesion necessary to achieve successful development trajectories. It points also to the importance of the State in the process rescuing some of the main theoretical contributions of the political economy of development...

Podem os programas sociais e de transferência de renda influenciar a oferta de trabalho em atividades não agrícolas? uma análise para as famílias em condição de pobreza no meio rural do nordeste; Can social programs and cash transfers affect labor supply in non-agricultural activities? an analysis for families in poverty in rural areas of the Northeast

Souza, José Antônio Nunes de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This study aims to analyze the main effect of social programs and cash transfers on the labor supply of non-farm family members in poverty in rural areas of the Northeast. Among the specific objectives, we sought to investigate the effects of these programs and individual characteristics on the decision of participation and allocation of working hours of parents and children in non-agricultural activities. It was assumed, as a theoretical basis, the model of neoclassical labor supply as well as the principle that the decision of allocation of working hours, non-agricultural, is subject to the initial choice of the worker devote or not the non-agricultural employment . The hypothesis assumes that access to social programs and income transfer contributes to the dismay of rural workers, in poverty, in its decision to participate and offer hours of work in non-agricultural activities. To achieve this objective, we applied the models of Heckman (1979) and Double Hurdle, of Cragg (1971), consisting of associating the decision to participate in the labor market with the decision on the amount of hours allocated. The database used was the National Survey by Household Sampling (PNAD) of 2006. The results of the heads of households showed that transfers of income...

A evolução do emprego formal industrial nas cidades médias do estado do Ceará (Juazeiro do Norte, Crato e Sobral) no período de 1990 a 2010

Barbosa, Maria Nivania Feitosa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The work consists in a discussion of the evolution of formal employment in the industrial cities of Ceará state averages from 1990 to 2010, since this period was marked by important changes. It is emphasized that in order to achieve this aim, the present study was based on a survey of relevant literature on the subject, as well as the use of the Annual Report of Social Information (RAIS), published by the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MTE) and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The central question to be considered in this study is how we evolved formal employment industry in medium-sized cities (Juazeiro do Norte, Crato and Sobral) of Ceará? The assumption that guides this work is that given the economic policies of the 1990 and 2000 these policies encouraged the relocation, thus implying significant growth in the formal manufacturing employment in these cities. Regarding the results obtained in the survey, it was found that the industrial sector of these cities, showed considerable dynamism in what refers to the expansion of establishments. When observed in percentage terms medium-sized cities (345.5%) had the highest growth in number of establishments in the 1990s with rates higher than the Northeast region (285.9%) and Brazil (167.5%). The highlight was the city of Juazeiro...

Economia do petróleo e desenvolvimento: estudo exploratório sobre as perspectivas do pré-sal brasileiro

Roos, Breno Carvalho
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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A pesquisa analisa as possibilidades abertas pela exploração de petróleo na camada pré-sal, avaliando de que maneira a expansão do setor petrolífero poderá acelerar o crescimento econômico brasileiro e contribuir para novas estratégias de desenvolvimento. A hipótese inicial é que o Brasil enfrenta uma restrição estrutural de balanço de pagamentos, que poderá ser amenizada pela diminuição das importações de petróleo e derivados e pelo aumento do valor exportado no setor. Para avaliá-la são resgatados aspectos históricos e geopolíticos relacionados ao petróleo, assim como são tratadas as características microeconômicas dos recursos naturais não renováveis. Também se consideram questões de ordem macroeconômica, como a especialização produtiva da economia brasileira e sua inserção no comércio internacional, discutindo como o desenvolvimento da indústria petrolífera poderá afetá-las. Para tanto, a investigação fundamenta-se na teoria estruturalista e nos modelos de crescimento com ênfase na restrição externa. O trabalho examina ainda os casos da Rússia, Venezuela e México para avaliar a experiência de países exportadores de petróleo. Como contribuição, um modelo de crescimento é utilizado para realizar simulações acerca do Brasil...

Crescimento econômico e restrição externa da economia brasileira: uma análise do padrão das exportações em relação ao BRIC e do Sistema de Inovação do Brasil (1980-2012)

Cardoso, Franciane Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Relevância na Pesquisa
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This Master s Thesis aims to use the theoretical models of growth with restricted balance of payments, specifically Kaldor (1970) and Thirlwall (1979) models, to analyze the behavior and the pattern of specialization of Brazilian exports and imports in the last years. It is observed that, in some periods, the pattern of specialization has contributed in restricting long-term growth of the Brazilian economy. It has been hypothesized that overall this is due to lack of structural transformation policies. To achieve this goal, it analyzed the performance of Brazilian exports and imports disaggregating them according to their technological content. The basis for comparison was a group of countries to which Brazil is inserted in, the BRIC. In this regard, the work is a comparative analysis by using descriptive statistics. It is concluded that the low rate of GDP growth experienced by Brazil since the 1980s can be explained in part by the decoupling of the Brazilian National Innovation System (NIS) and the Brazilian productive structure. This would be reducing the income elasticity of exports and raising imports, causing a pattern of specialization intensive primary commodities and labor and low-skill labor; A presente dissertação tem como objetivo utilizar o referencial teórico dos modelos de crescimento com restrição do balanço de pagamentos...

Reconfigurações industriais das regiões metropolitanas do Nordeste: uma análise a partir do emprego formal

Brandão, Danilo Duarte
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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Industrial development experienced by Brazil from the 1950s, changed the concentration of population in the country. The process of development of domestic industry, concentrated in urban areas, crowded growing portion of the population.The Southeast region during the first stage of industrialization driven by the state, with the implementation of Plan goals, captained the major industrial projects implemented in the period and became the main industrial center of the country.In the decade from 1960 to 1980 the state action was marked by numerous regional development projects, softening the industrial concentration and Brazilian investment redirected to the Northeast.The second National Development Plan implemented in the 1970s led to major investments Northeast.This period marked the widespread urban growth and institutionalization of the first metropolitan areas in Brazil.The change of this developmental process is altered with the fiscal and financial crisis of the state in the 1980s and 1990s and spending cuts aimed at national development, reorienting the economy to liberal policies of economic liberalization and reduction of activity in the economy.Industrial policy was relegated to local development plans from the 1990s to the federating units fitting the wide use of tax incentives...

Crescimento econômico e restrição externa: evidências empíricas na economia brasileira (1991-2010)

Silva, Andrei de Lima e
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This study aims to investigate the influence of the balance of payments constrained on economic growth in Brazil from 1991 to 2010. With this order, are shown some of the Keynesian balance of payments constrained growth models, inspired by Thirlwall (1979) and Kaldor (1970), which are supported by important points in common, such as adherence to the principle of effective demand. Given that within this theoretical perspective, there is no consensus about the best model to explain the growth rate allowed by the balance of payments constraint, the results are presented by the representative of the empirical literature that addresses the topic, which are necessary for understand the Brazilian case. From the estimation of the income elasticity of imports (0.85) via autoregressive vectors with error correction (VEC), it was calculated five growth rates of income, as predicted by the models of Thirlwall (1979), Thirlwall and Hussain (1982), Moreno-Brid (1998, 2003) and Lourenço et al. (2011) and compared with the actual growth rate. The empirical analysis has shown that: it can not reject the presence of external constraint in the Brazilian economy, there is a strong similarity in growth rates provided by different modeling suggest that growth with external constraint. In addition...

A proposta do estado empregador de ultima instância e o experimentalismo democrático: uma reflexão teórica sobre a compatibilidade desses dois programas

Rocha, Denzi Lins
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia; Economia Regional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This paper aims to make a theoretical reflection on the theoretical compatibility between the program State Employer of Last Resort (ELR) and the Democratic experimentalism (ED). The ED arises in political thought as an alternative to neo-liberal and social democratic programs in order to rescue the discussion about the institutional organization of society and the market economy. About the involuntary unemployment, it proposes tax changes incidents on payroll and proposes work fronts to the most vulnerable or poorly trained. The hypothesis of this paper is that this approach is compatible with the ELR program, the post- Keynesian line. The ELR is presented as transgression of the mainstream of economic thought by proposing that the State acts as guarantor of employment, working as a stabilizing anchor for the economy. On the edge, the ELR proposes eliminate completely involuntary unemployment. The implementation of the ELR, however, requires the construction of institutions that aim to remake the market economy, as well as deepen and energize politics and democracy, goals that are part of the ED program. Thus, the ED would, in theory, an environment conducive to innovative policies guarantors of training and occupation of the individual...

Análise das mudanças sócio-econômicas, tecnológicas e ambientais no APL do Açafrão em Mara Rosa e região Goiás (1997 2009); Analysis of changes in socio-economic, technological and APL environment in the Mara Rosa and Saffron in the region - Goiás (1997 - 2009)

BORGES, Murilo Sousa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Agronegócio; Ciências Agrárias Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Agronegócio; Ciências Agrárias
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The municipality of Mara Rosa is located in the state of Goias and is known as the Brazilian capital of turmeric as the largest producer of culture in Goias and Brazil. The activity of turmeric in Mara Rosa received assistance from public and private institutions since 1997, when the executive power of the municipality and the Association of Small Farmers in the region of Pastinho sought the Federal University of Goias to promote the development of the productive chain of turmeric in Goias. In 2004, after the creation of the Permanent Working Group for Local Production, created by the Federal Government, was established the Local Productive Arrangement (LPA) of turmeric in the municipality of Mara Rosa, made possible by the large number of producers of turmeric, in around 300, and the tradition of growing the crop in the region. The objective of this study is to understand the social, technological, economic and environmental changes occurred in LPA turmeric postinstitutional interventions. The theoretical studies were carried out previously directed to agribusiness turmeric authors Milhomem & Teixeira (1998), Marinozzi (2002) and Noronha (2003). The research was based on data collected directly from participants in the agribusiness of turmeric in the region. The survey found that the average yield per hectare had increased up to 50.0% and gross margin achieved by producers in the increased activity of turmeric. The study concludes that the interventions implemented and under implementation in the region have promoted the social...

A saga do herói mendigo : o riso e a neopicaresca no progama chaves; The Saga of Beggar Hero: The laugh and the neopicaresque in the Chaves Program

CARDOSO, Ludimila Stival
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Comunicação; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Comunicação; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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The laugh is a human phenomenon, that has different faces depends on the historical period and how the intellectuals see it. It can be morality s instrument and deviation s punishment; element of be extinct; way of release, since it would produce a new world s vision, based in a nom-official popular true ; or a way to economize the psychic energy necessary to keep an inhibition; or still, it can be answer of the nothing the existence, what award it, in the contemporarily, moment of provisionals truths, a deep presence in the society, so to say that the laugh became present in all of the places, show that the reality is, at the same time, liquid and humoristic and confirming the importance of to study this human skill. So, it opted to work with the humor, specifically in the television, principal mass media in the Brazil and, particularly, the Chaves program, since it is considered a greater success Brazilian mass media, as proves the audience. However, this program presents a difference: it is being televised too much than 20 years, almost without stop, what make it a case to be studied, but in a different way: associated it with the picaresque literature, because believes that it main character is a nom-hero, as the picaresque hero (with home...

Dimensão axiológica da posse agrária em face do direito de propriedade da terra: a atuação do judiciário frente ao princípio da função social; Axiological dimension of agrarian law in the face of land ownership: the role of the judiciary against the principle of social function

ALMEIDA, Francisco Provázio Lara de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Direito Agrário; Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Direito
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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95.88%
The liberal model of economy and the Objective Theory of the Possession, developed by Jhering, minify the possession, when it s compared to the property. For a long time, the possession was thought as a fast and effective way of property protection. However especially after the Federal Constitution of 1988, the axiological axis of the legal apparatus changed its focus from the property to the person. That caused a significant change in the conception of possession, mainly if it s the agrarian possession, because of its vocation to fulfill the social function. The law and the Judicial acting, however, have not find the appropriate way to work with this new paradigm. That s why it s proposed to review the law and the Judicial acting, to allow the effective protection to the fundamental rights in the Federal Constitution, especially the social function.; O modelo liberal de economia e a Teoria Objetiva da Posse, de Jhering, colocaram a posse em condição de inferioridade frente a propriedade. Por longo tempo se pensou na posse como um meio célere e efetivo de proteção à propriedade. Ocorre que, notadamente, após o advento da Constituição Federal de 1988, o eixo axiológico do ordenamento deixou de ser o patrimônio, tendo, agora...

A onda do turismo na cidade do sol: a reconfiguração urbana de Natal

Furtado, Edna Maria
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Sociais; Desenvolvimento Regional; Cultura e Representações
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.95%
Space reading of Natal City and its reconfiguration from the intensification of tourist activity and the expansion of the services' sector, transiting, primarily, through the geography, the social sciences, the economy, in one main approach that is unaware of science's traditional limitations and recognizes the complexity that involves current world. In face of this agreement it analyzes the social-economic implications that remodel the spaces under the new economic view of services' sector, commanded by the tourism, in an intense process of city's reconfiguration, concentrating in three great axles and their irrigation ways. These changes were about the public-private relation (by the public politics) in the formation of new spaces and in the remodeling of the city's old areas, which, together, had contributed to the tourist activity's appropriation, returning it in a social-economic mosaic that owns obvious reflexes in its space. This fragmentation in the urbane cloth of Natal is expressed by social nature and economic points and, in the scenery, is manifested through the modern forms of city's space occupation by the local elites and services' sector, evidencing their status' district, as well as selecting those areas with bigger capacity to reply to the capital; Leitura espacial da cidade de Natal e sua reconfiguração a partir da intensificação da atividade turística e da expansão do setor de serviços...