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The (non)regulation of the blogosphere : the ethics of online debate

Morais, Maria Elsa Sousa Costa e Silva de
Fonte: Universidade do Minho. Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade (CECS) Publicador: Universidade do Minho. Centro de Estudos de Comunicação e Sociedade (CECS)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.59%
New technologies have enabled innovative possibilities of communication, but have also imposed new upon matters of ethics, particularly in regards to platforms such as blogs. This article builds upon the reflections and experiences on this issue, in an attempt to map and analyse the ethical questions underlying the Portuguese blogosphere. In order to reflect on the possibility and opportunity to create a code of ethics for bloggers, attention is permanently paid to the political blogosphere.

Strengthening Health Systems in Poor Countries: A Code of Conduct for Nongovernmental Organizations

Pfeiffer, James; Johnson, Wendy; Fort, Meredith; Shakow, Aaron; Hagopian, Amy; Gloyd, Steve; Gimbel-Sherr, Kenneth
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.7%
The challenges facing efforts in Africa to increase access to antiretroviral HIV treatment underscore the urgent need to strengthen national health systems across the continent. However, donor aid to developing countries continues to be disproportionately channeled to international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) rather than to ministries of health. The rapid proliferation of NGOs has provoked “brain drain” from the public sector by luring workers away with higher salaries, fragmentation of services, and increased management burdens for local authorities in many countries. Projects by NGOs sometimes can undermine the strengthening of public primary health care systems. We argue for a return to a public focus for donor aid, and for NGOs to adopt a code of conduct that establishes standards and best practices for NGO relationships with public sector health systems.

Code of ethics for the national pharmaceutical system: Codifying and compilation

Salari, Pooneh; Namazi, Hamidreza; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Khansari, Fatemeh; Nikfar, Shekoufeh; Larijani, Bagher; Araminia, Behin
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
Pharmacists as one of health-care providers face ethical issues in terms of pharmaceutical care, relationship with patients and cooperation with the health-care team. Other than pharmacy, there are pharmaceutical companies in various fields of manufacturing, importing or distributing that have their own ethical issues. Therefore, pharmacy practice is vulnerable to ethical challenges and needs special code of conducts. On feeling the need, based on a shared project between experts of the ethics from relevant research centers, all the needs were fully recognized and then specified code of conduct for each was written. The code of conduct was subject to comments of all experts involved in the pharmaceutical sector and thus criticized in several meetings. The prepared code of conduct is comprised of professional code of ethics for pharmacists, ethics guideline for pharmaceutical manufacturers, ethics guideline for pharmaceutical importers, ethics guideline for pharmaceutical distributors, and ethics guideline for policy makers. The document was compiled based on the principles of bioethics and professionalism. The compiling the code of ethics for the national pharmaceutical system is the first step in implementing ethics in pharmacy practice and further attempts into teaching the professionalism and the ethical code as the necessary and complementary effort are highly recommended.

A human rights approach to an international code of conduct for genomic and clinical data sharing

Knoppers, Bartha M.; Harris, Jennifer R.; Budin-Ljøsne, Isabelle; Dove, Edward S.
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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65.81%
Fostering data sharing is a scientific and ethical imperative. Health gains can be achieved more comprehensively and quickly by combining large, information-rich datasets from across conventionally siloed disciplines and geographic areas. While collaboration for data sharing is increasingly embraced by policymakers and the international biomedical community, we lack a common ethical and legal framework to connect regulators, funders, consortia, and research projects so as to facilitate genomic and clinical data linkage, global science collaboration, and responsible research conduct. Governance tools can be used to responsibly steer the sharing of data for proper stewardship of research discovery, genomics research resources, and their clinical applications. In this article, we propose that an international code of conduct be designed to enable global genomic and clinical data sharing for biomedical research. To give this proposed code universal application and accountability, however, we propose to position it within a human rights framework. This proposition is not without precedent: international treaties have long recognized that everyone has a right to the benefits of scientific progress and its applications, and a right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from scientific productions. It is time to apply these twin rights to internationally collaborative genomic and clinical data sharing.

BrainNet Europe’s Code of Conduct for brain banking

Klioueva, Natasja M.; Rademaker, Marleen C.; Dexter, David T.; Al-Sarraj, Safa; Seilhean, Danielle; Streichenberger, Nathalie; Schmitz, Peer; Bell, Jeanne E.; Ironside, James W.; Arzberger, Thomas; Huitinga, Inge
Fonte: Springer Vienna Publicador: Springer Vienna
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.87%
Research utilizing human tissue and its removal at post-mortem has given rise to many controversies in the media and posed many dilemmas in the fields of law and ethics. The law often lacks clear instructions and unambiguous guidelines. The absence of a harmonized international legislation with regard to post-mortem medical procedures and donation of tissue and organs contributes to the complexity of the issue. Therefore, within the BrainNet Europe (BNE) consortium, a consortium of 19 European brain banks, we drafted an ethical Code of Conduct for brain banking that covers basic legal rules and bioethical principles involved in brain banking. Sources include laws, regulations and guidelines (Declarations, Conventions, Recommendations, Guidelines and Directives) issued by international key organizations, such as the Council of Europe, European Commission, World Medical Association and World Health Organization. The Code of Conduct addresses fundamental topics as the rights of the persons donating their tissue, the obligations of the brain bank with regard to respect and observance of such rights, informed consent, confidentiality, protection of personal data, collections of human biological material and their management, and transparency and accountability within the organization of a brain bank. The Code of Conduct for brain banking is being adopted by the BNE network prior to being enshrined in official legislation for brain banking in Europe and beyond.

An estimation of compliance of the fisheries of argentina with article 7 (Fisheries management) of the un code of conduct for responsible fishing

Kalikoski, Daniela Coswig; Vasconcellos, Marcelo Cunha; Pitcher, Tony
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.77%
This evaluation of compliance with Article 7 (Fishery Management) of the UN Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing (FAO 1995) is a ???living document??? and may change with time. It is one of 53 such country evaluations covering the top 96% of the world fish catch. Using a wide range of cited source material, the document represents the best attempt by the authors at presenting a fair and objective evaluation of compliance using 44 questions derived from the Code. Questions are divided into six evaluation fields, (Management Objectives; Framework (data & procedures); Precautionary Approach; Stocks, Fleets and Gear; Social and Economic factors, and Monitoring, Control and Surveillance): the derivation of the 44 questions is described in Pitcher (1999). The first three fields cover intentions of a country???s legislation to adhere to the Code; while the last three evaluation fields are intended to rate actual performance. Full details of the methods are published in Pitcher, Kalikoski and Pramod (2006). This evaluation has been subjected to several internal cross-checks and, where stated, has been validated by experts familiar with the country concerned. Uncertainty in assigning each score is shown explicitly. However, the authors are aware that omissions and errors of interpretation may still remain for some countries. An open protocol has therefore been adopted for all country compliance evaluations...

The EU Codes of Conduct: What Have They Achieved and What are the Challenges?

BERTOLDI PAOLO; HARRISON Robert; SIDERIUS Hans Paul; DALE Ken; JAEKEL Michael
Fonte: ACEEE Publicador: ACEEE
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Printed
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
There is no doubt that developments in digital TV and broadband communication will have a large impact on residential energy consumption if no adequate policy actions are implemented. The European Union has established a successful stakeholder forum through its Codes of Conduct for Energy Efficiency. This forum agrees on power levels for defined operating modes, and provides further guidelines, e.g. on power management, to achieve desirable efficiency levels. Two Codes of Conduct are in operation: the Code of Conduct for Digital TV Service Systems (since 2001) and the Code of Conduct for External Power Supplies (since 2003). In 2005, the first draft of a Code of Conduct for Broadband Equipment was presented at the stakeholder forum. Together, it is projected that these Codes of Conduct will save 20 TWh per year from 2010. This paper reports on the first results for the Codes of Conduct for Digital TV Service Systems and Power Supplies, based on data from participating manufacturers. Analysis of the data shows a considerable overall improvement in power consumption, not only in the standby modes but also in the on-mode. Furthermore, the paper shows how discussion with stakeholders based on a common road map provides guidelines for the continuous development of this innovative policy tool and leads to the efficient adoption of the new criteria required to mitigate the energy impact of the new features and functions in the product that are prompted by rapid technological development and market forces.; JRC.H.8-Renewable energies

Return with honor Code of Conduct training in the National Military Strategy security environment

Ryan, Laura M.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.75%
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited; As the United States transforms from threat-based to capabilities-based combat operations, one must examine the ability of existing international laws, domestic directives, and Service regulations and training programs to protect American military and civilian prisoners of war, detainees, and hostages while under enemy control. This thesis explores the impact of The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2004 (NMS) security environment on existing Code of Conduct (CoC) training. A thorough examination and comparison of the existing legal framework to the future components of warfare provides a new context through which to evaluate existing CoC training programs and determine the overall applicability of the course content to the expanded spectrum of captivity. The Department of Defense must compensate for the lack of effective international protection by designing a conduct-after-capture program that addresses the rapidly changing conditions of different captivity situations. This thesis reveals that the existing CoC training programs and SERE skill sets lack the flexibility to enable the isolated person to rapidly adjust to changes in the future captivity environment and proposes a core captivity curriculum that provides an adaptable set of skills designed to enable the captive to survive and return with honor regardless of the captor or location of captivity.

Social responsibility and the multinational corporation: the case of Levi Strauss' code of conduct in the Philippines

del Rosario, Teresita C
Fonte: Asia Pacific Press Publicador: Asia Pacific Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 108413 bytes; 356 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.71%
Not available; no

Le code d'éthique dans les organisations du réseau de la santé: outil de régulation des conduites?

Poirier, Yves
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.02%
Au Québec, la Loi sur les services de santé et les services sociaux, Chapitre S-4.2, à son article 233, demande à ce que chacun des établissements de santé, dispose d’un code d’éthique qui essentiellement demande de préciser les droits des usagers et de fixer les conduites attendues du personnel. Le législateur souhaitait améliorer les conduites du personnel dès le début des années 1990 et envisageait désigner un organisme de surveillance pour s’en assurer. Cette contrainte ne fut pas retenue et 20 ans plus tard, la volonté d’assurer des conduites attendues n’est toujours pas assujettie de contraintes ou de contrôles même si elle est toujours souhaitée. En 2003 toutefois, le Ministre a mis en place un processus de visites ministérielles dans les milieux d’hébergement et à ce jour quelques 150 établissements ont été visités. Ces équipes se sont préoccupées entre autre de la fonction du code d’éthique pour soutenir les directions de ces établissements. Elles ne réussissent pas à pouvoir s’appuyer sur le code d’éthique pour qu’il soit l’assise pour baser les décisions cliniques, organisationnelles et de gestion de chacune des organisations du réseau de la santé et des services sociaux du Québec. Il faut à ce moment-ci faire le constat que le code d’éthique...

La convention collective : un instrument de responsabilité sociale des entreprises

Villemure, Emilie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.93%
La responsabilité sociale des entreprises (RSE) est un concept qui fait référence au volontariat, sans définition unique, et visant la prise en compte des intérêts des parties prenantes de l’entreprise. Pour celle-ci, les caractéristiques communes à ces différentes définitions est d’établir des balises allant au-delà de ce que la loi fixe comme règle. Pour mettre en oeuvre la RSE, plusieurs outils sont utilisés, le code de conduite étant le plus répandu. Quant aux multiples parties prenantes de l’organisation, celle des travailleurs ne semble pas invitée à participer aux décisions de l’entreprise en matière de RSE, malgré les intérêts importants que les travailleurs et le syndicat peuvent posséder auprès de cette dernière. Notre recherche porte sur la convention collective en tant qu’outil de responsabilité sociale des entreprises. Nous nous intéressons à savoir si cet outil traditionnel en relations du travail pourrait être utilisé, tout comme un code de conduite, pour stimuler la participation des syndicale aux décisions de l’entreprise. À l’aide du Portrait statistique des conventions collectives analysées au Québec en 2006, nous avons validé la fréquence, le sujet ainsi que le niveau de participation syndicale dans les comités conjoints conventionnés en comparant les entreprises dites RSE et non RSE. Il s’est avéré qu’il n’y a pas plus de participation syndicale indiquée dans les conventions collectives d’entreprises RSE que dans celles non RSE. Cependant...

A adesão do contabilista ao código de ética da sua profissão: um estudo empírico sobre percepções ; Accountants' adherence to their Code of Ethics: an empirical study on perceptions.

Alves, Francisco José dos Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.83%
A classe contábil necessita manter elevados padrões éticos junto à sociedade, como pré-requisito essencial para a sua própria sobrevivência. Nesse contexto, este estudo teve como objetivo conhecer as percepções do contabilista a respeito do seu Código de Ética Profissional (CEPC), por meio de uma pesquisa de natureza descritiva e com a adoção do método quantitativo no tratamento dos dados. A amostra foi constituída por 2262 contadores e técnicos em contabilidade com registro ativo em Conselho Regional de Contabilidade, nos Estados do Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Minas Gerais e Rio Grande do Sul. Os resultados obtidos evidenciaram que, embora cerca de 73% dos profissionais concordem totalmente com a afirmação de que esse Código é importante como guia de conduta profissional, apenas 44% se predispõem a cumprir totalmente as normas estabelecidas pelo Conselho Federal de Contabilidade. A partir da regressão logística multivariada, constata-se que aqueles profissionais que concordaram totalmente que já leram o Código apresentaram 2,82 mais chances de cumprirem as determinações do Código do que os que discordaram totalmente dessa afirmação. Os profissionais que concordaram totalmente com a afirmação de que o CEPC ajuda-os a reduzir suas dúvidas apresentam 3...

Beneth corporate codes of conduct : what drives compliance in two Mexican garment factories

Romis, Monica
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 144 leaves; 8783957 bytes; 8791868 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.86%
This thesis addresses the question: under what conditions do corporate codes of conduct work? To answer this question, I develop two case studies of subcontracting factories that are subject to a multinational company's (MNC) code of conduct. These two factories have many similarities-both are in Mexico, both are in the apparel industry, and both produce for the same MNC. In addition, on the surface, they appear to have similar labor practices. They have comparable policies vis-à-vis their workers in terms of recruitment, promotion system, grievance system, and benefits. However, upon conducting fieldwork at the plants, I found that, despite similarities on paper, there are significantly differences in actual labor conditions. One factory complies with the code of conduct and the other does not. I argue that the code of conduct, and other similar policies, are "filtered" by the management, which results in different labor conditions. Four factors influence the way managers treat their workers and interact with the MNC external labor markets, product markets, cultural and language conditions inside the plants, and values of management. These factors influence the management style of the plants and their relationship with the MNC, which result in different implementation of the same policies...

Towards a data sharing Code of Conduct for international genomic research

Knoppers, Bartha Maria; Harris, Jennifer R; Tassé, Anne Marie; Budin-Ljøsne, Isabelle; Kaye, Jane; Deschênes, Mylène; Zawati, Ma'n H
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/07/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.7%
Data sharing is increasingly regarded as an ethical and scientific imperative that advances knowledge and thereby respects the contributions of the participants. Because of this and the ever-increasing amount of data access requests currently filed around the world, three groups have decided to develop data sharing principles specific to the context of collaborative international genomics research. These groups are: the international Public Population Project in Genomics (P3G), an international consortium of projects partaking in large-scale genetic epidemiological studies and biobanks; the European Network for Genetic and Genomic Epidemiology (ENGAGE), a research project aiming to translate data from large-scale epidemiological research initiatives into relevant clinical information; and the Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies (HeLEX). We propose seven different principles and a preliminary international data sharing Code of Conduct for ongoing discussion.

Analysis and Results of the European Code of Conduct for Data Centres

BERTOLDI PAOLO
Fonte: JRC Publicador: JRC
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Online
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.8%
The European Code of Conduct for Data Centres is a voluntary market transformation programme addressing primarily data centre owners and operators, and secondly the supply chain. The Data Centres Code of Conduct has been created in response to increasing energy consumption in data centres and the need to reduce the related environmental, economic and energy supply impacts. The aim is to inform and stimulate operators and owners to reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner without hampering the critical function of data centres. It also introduces a set of metrics to measure the energy efficiency. The data centre supply industry can join the programme by offering products and solution to help achieving the energy savings. Since the start of the programme in 2008, 220 Data Centres have been certified as Participant The core of the programme is the commitment by the participant to carry out an initial energy audit to identify the major energy saving opportunities; to prepare an Action Plan; to implement the Action Plan; and to monitor energy consumption. The paper reports on the results achieved so far in terms of energy savings and technologies adopted, the participant motivations to join the programme and it suggests additional market transformation measures to improve data centres energy efficiency.; JRC.F.7-Renewables and Energy Efficiency

Learning from a provisioning site: code of conduct compliance and behaviour of whale sharks in Oslob, Cebu, Philippines

Schleimer, Anna; Araujo, Gonzalo; Penketh, Luke; Heath, Anna; McCoy, Emer; Labaja, Jessica; Lucey, Anna; Ponzo, Alessandro
Fonte: PeerJ Inc. Publicador: PeerJ Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/11/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.87%
While shark-based tourism is a rapidly growing global industry, there is ongoing controversy about the effects of provisioning on the target species. This study investigated the effect of feeding on whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) at a provisioning site in Oslob, Cebu, in terms of arrival time, avoidance and feeding behaviour using photo-identification and focal follows. Additionally, compliance to the code of conduct in place was monitored to assess tourism pressure on the whale sharks. Newly identified sharks gradually arrived earlier to the provisioning site after their initial sighting, indicating that the animals learn to associate the site with food rewards. Whale sharks with a long resighting history showed anticipatory behaviour and were recorded at the site on average 5 min after the arrival of feeder boats. Results from a generalised linear mixed model indicated that animals with a longer resighting history were less likely to show avoidance behaviour to touches or boat contact. Similarly, sequential data on feeding behaviour was modelled using a generalised estimating equations approach, which suggested that experienced whale sharks were more likely to display vertical feeding behaviour. It was proposed that the continuous source of food provides a strong incentive for the modification of behaviours...

Causas de la intolerancia en las competiciones deportivas escolares: elaboración de un Código de Conducta

Gairín Sallán, Joaquín; Muñoz Moreno, José Luís; Castro Ceacero, Diego; Díaz Vicario, Anna
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.81%
El artículo presenta una investigación con un doble objetivo: (a) diagnosticar las manifestaciones y causas de la intolerancia en las competiciones deportivas escolares, y (b) redactar un código de conducta específico como marco para el desarrollo de propuestas de actuación ante la intolerancia. El estudio diagnóstico fue realizado con la participación de escolares, deportistas, entrenadores, técnicos deportivos, profesores, familias, árbitros y responsables institucionales a través de 529 cuestionarios, 44 entrevistas y 4 grupos de discusión. Los principales resultados destacan que los comportamientos intolerantes más frecuentes en el deporte escolar se relacionan con exigir esfuerzo sin límite, la agresión verbal, la presión por ganar y la preocupación por los resultados y no por fomentar la dimensión educativa del deporte. El estudio se completa con la elaboración de un Código de Conducta diseñado a partir del método Delphi y cuenta con indicaciones específicas para las personas, los colectivos y las instituciones implicadas en el deporte escolar.; This article presents a research pursuing a double objective: (a) identifying intolerant attitudes and behaviours and their causes in school sport competitions, and (b) elaborating a specific code of conduct as a framework to develop action proposals which may reduce intolerance. The identification of the intolerant attitudes and behaviours relied on the participation of students...

La reforma de los procedimientos especiales del Consejo de Derechos Humanos: ¿una mejora de los mecanismos extra convencionales?

Gifra Durall, Julia
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.7%
El Consejo de Derechos Humanos, creado en 2006, nace con el objetivo de subsanar algunos de los déficit y críticas de su antecesora, la Comisión de Derechos Humanos. Con este fin, incorpora varios elementos nuevos tanto en su posición dentro del organigrama de Naciones Unidas como en su composición y mecanismos de control, también conocidos como mecanismos extra convencionales. En este contexto sobresale la reforma de los procedimientos especiales, sobre todo, a partir de la adopción del Código de Conducta para los titulares de mandatos, relatores y expertos del Consejo de Derechos Humanos. Se trata de valorar estos últimos cambios a la luz de su efectividad e imparcialidad; The United Nations Human Rights Council, created in 2006, was established with the attempt to remedy some of the negative aspects and problems of its predecessor, the Human Rights Commission. Having this objective, it incorporates new elements not only in its position within the United Nations structure but also in its membership and control mechanisms, also known as “extra conventional mechanisms”. In this context, it stands out the special procedures reform, specially, since the adoption of a Code of Conduct for the “special rapporteurs” and experts of the Human Rights Council. This reform process has to be evaluated under the criteria of improving the effectiveness and impartiality of the special procedures; Der UNO-Menschenrechtsrat...

D18.0 (Current and Proposed Student Code of Conduct Policy for May 1, 2014 AS Meeting - Requesting Feedback)

Johnston, Joseph (Director of Student Conduct and Conflict Management Services); Soufleris, Dawn
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
95.85%
Policy D18.0 (Current and proposed Student Code of Conduct Policy) 5-1-2014 AS Meeting - Requesting Feedback

Governing bodies and learner discipline: managing rural schools in South Africa through a code of conduct

Mestry,Raj; Khumalo,Jan
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.94%
The South African SchoolsAct of 1996 provides that school governing bodies (SGBs) should adopt and assist in the enforcement of a learner code of conduct to maintain discipline effectively. This study focuses on the perceptions and experiences of SGBs in managing discipline in rural secondary schools through the design and enforcement of learner codes of conduct. A generic qualitative research paradigm was used to gain insight into the effectiveness of and factors impeding the enforcement of learner codes of conduct in rural secondary schools. For this purpose, data were collected from six secondary schools in the North West Province by means of focus group interviews and analysed according to Tesch's method of open coding. One of the major findings of the study revealed that many rural school governors still lack the relevant knowledge and skills to design and enforce a learner code of conduct effectively. The literacy levels of the majority of SGB members (parents) make it difficult for them to design and enforce the learner code of conduct, even though the department may have provided training. Furthermore, parent-governors are far removed from the day-to-day operations of the school, and consequently fail to contextualise the seriousness of discipline problems as well as to enforce the learner code of conduct effectively.