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Tratamento cirúrgico de teratoma intrapericárdico em lactente; Intrapericardic surgical treatment of teratoma in infant

JATENE, Marcelo Biscegli; ABUCHAIM, Décio; MARTINS, Luciana; BARBERO-MARCIAL, Miguel
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Os tumores cardíacos intrapericárdicos são pouco freqüentes, porém, as manifestações clínicas podem ser graves, até com sintomas de baixo débito ou choque cardiogênico, dependendo da localização do tumor. Relatamos o caso de um lactente com três meses de idade, que apresentou na evolução choque cardiogênico, em decorrência de um tumor intrapericárdico, comprimindo o átrio direito e a veia cava superior. Indicada operação de urgência para ressecção da massa tumoral, apresentou adequada evolução até seis meses de pós-operatório.; The intrapericardic cardiac tumors are infrequent; however, the clinical manifestations can be serious, even with symptoms of low cardiac output or cardiogenic shock, depending on the localization of the tumor. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who progressed to cardiogenic shock due to an intrapericardic tumor compressing the right atrium and the vena cava superior. Emergent surgery for resection of the tumor mass was recommended. The patient had a 6-month uneventful postoperative course.

Estudo prospectivo e randomizado de profilaxia antimicrobiana para procedimentos cirúrgicos em estimulação cardíaca artificial; Prospective and randomized trial of antibiotic prophylaxis for cardiac stimulation surgical procedures

Oliveira, Júlio César de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da administração prévia de antibiótico na incidência de complicações infecciosas em procedimentos de estimulação cardíaca artificial. Os pacientes foram selecionados em um estudo duplo-cego e randomizado (1:1). Grupo I Cefazolina (1,0g dose única) versus grupo II placebo. O comitê de segurança interrompeu o estudo após a inclusão de 649 pacientes devido à diferença entre os grupos (group I 314; grupo II 335 pacientes) em favor do uso de antibiótico: 2 infectados (0,63%) versus 11 infectados no grupo placebo (3,28%); p=0,016. Marcadores identificados por análise univariada: não uso de antibiótico; procedimentos de implantes (versus trocas); hematoma pós-operatório e duração do procedimento. O não uso de antibiótico e hematoma pós-operatório foram significantes em análise multivariada; The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the previous venous antibiotic administration in the incidence of infectious complications in cardiac stimulation surgical procedures. Patients were selected in a double blind, randomized (1:1) trial. Group I Cefazolin (1,0g one dose) versus group II placebo. The security committee interrupted the trial after inclusion of 649 patients due to differences between groups (group I 314; group II 335 patients) in favor of the antibiotic arm: 2 infected patients (0...

Duração da hospitalização e faturamento das despesas hospitalares em portadores de cardiopatia congênita e de cardiopatia isquêmica submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica cardiovascular assistidos no protocolo da via rápida; Duration of the hospitalization and hospital expenditures in teh congenital heart diseases and ischemic heart disease patients submited to cardiac surgical operations in fast track recovery

Fernandes, Alfredo Manoel da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/04/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
Com o objetivo de avaliar o atendimento dos pacientes submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica cardiovascular no protocolo de atendimento na via rápida (fast track recovery) em relação ao protocolo convencional, foi comparada a movimentação dos pacientes atendidos em ambos os protocolos nas diferentes unidades hospitalares. O estudo foi realizado em hospital público universitário especializado em cardiologia de 400 leitos, de referência terciária para o Sistema Único de Saúde. Foram estudados 175 pacientes, 107 (61%) homens e 68 (39%) mulheres, de idades entre 2 meses a 81 anos, dos quais 107 operados no protocolo da via rápida e 68 no protocolo convencional. Foram avaliadas variáveis demográficas, clínicas e, para avaliar a movimentação dos pacientes nas diferentes unidades hospitalares, as taxas de alta por unidade de tempo em cada unidade. A análise estatística foi feita por meio de análise exploratória, método de Kaplan Meier e modelo de riscos proporcionais de Cox. A análise de variância foi empregada para comparar o faturamento das despesas. A taxa de alta das diferentes unidades hospitalares por unidade de tempo dos portadores de cardiopatia congênita atendidos no protocolo da via rápida em relação ao protocolo da via convencional foi: a) 11...

Diagnósticos de enfermagem em pacientes no período pós-operatório de cirurgias cardíacas; Nursing diagnoses in patients in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery; Diagnósticos de enfermería en pacientes en el período posoperatorio de cirugías cardíacas

Pivoto, Flávia Lamberti; Lunardi Filho, Wilson Danilo; Santos, Silvana Sidney Costa; Almeida, Miriam de Abreu; Silveira, Rosemary Silva da
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
Objetivo: Identificar, em conjunto com enfermeiras de uma Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo Pós-Operatória Cardiológica, diagnósticos de enfermagem presentes em pacientes no período pós-operatório de cirurgias cardíacas, com vistas à futura implementação do processo de enfermagem nessa unidade. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, ancorado na pesquisa convergente-assistencial. Os dados foram obtidos, nos registros de enfermagem de 20 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca, no mês de abril de 2008, acrescidos da experiência profissional de seis enfermeiras participantes do grupo de convergência reunido durante cinco encontros. Resultados: Foram estabelecidos 15 diagnósticos, segundo a Taxonomia II da North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, corroborados por outros autores. Conclusão: Identificar diagnósticos de enfermagem comuns em pacientes no pós-operatório de cirurgias cardíacas permite um direcionamento da assistência de enfermagem e subsidia o estabelecimento de intervenções fundamentadas e adequadas às necessidades individuais apresentadas por esses pacientes.; Objective: To identify - together with working nurses at a Postoperative Cardiac Intensive Care Unit - the nursing diagnoses of patients in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery...

Fisioterapia respiratória e sua aplicabilidade no período pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca

Miranda, Regina Coeli Vasques de; Padulla, Susimary Aparecida Trevizan; Bortolatto, Carolina Rodrigues
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 647-652
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Procedimentos cirúrgicos torácicos podem alterar a mecânica respiratória, repercutindo na função pulmonar. A presença de profissionais fisioterapeutas é fundamental no preparo e na reabilitação dos indivíduos que são submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca, visto que dispõem de um grande arsenal de técnicas. O objetivo foi verificar a efetividade de exercícios respiratórios, com e sem a utilização de dispositivos, e o treinamento muscular respiratório pré-cirurgia cardíaca na redução das complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias. Mesmo existindo controvérsias a respeito de qual técnica utilizar, estudos demonstram a eficácia da fisioterapia respiratória pré-cirúrgica na prevenção e na redução de complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias.; Cardiac surgical procedures change respiratory mechanics, defecting in lung dysfunction. The physical therapists play an important role in the preparation and rehabilitation of individuals who are undergoing cardiac surgery, as they have a large quantity of techniques. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of breathing exercises with and without the use of devices, and respiratory muscle training in preoperative period of cardiac surgery in reducing postoperative pulmonary complications. Although there are controversies as to which technique to use...

Troponina I cardiaca como marcador de risco para fibrilação atrial no pos-operatorio imediato de pacientes submetidos a revascularização miocardica; Cardiac troponin I as a risk marker for atrial fibrillation in the early follo-up of patoents udergoing coronary artery bypass surgery

João Carlos Ferreira Leal
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/03/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
Objetivo: avaliar se há ou não associação na ocorrência de fibrilação atrial (FA) e os níveis séricos de troponina I cardíaca no pós-operatório imediato da revascularização do miocárdio (RM). Casuística e Método: estudo retrospectivo incluindo 95 pacientes submetidos à revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio, entre dezembro de 1996 a março de 1998. Os pacientes foram divididos em 2 grupos: Grupo I constituído de 25 pacientes (26,31%) com fibrilação atrial (FA); Grupo II constituído de 70 pacientes (73,69%) sem FA. As variáveis avaliadas foram: tempos de circulação extracorpórea (CEC), pinçamento aórtico e isquemia, fração de ejeção e o diâmetro do átrio esquerdo. O ritmo cardíaco foi avaliado por monitorização contínua por exames eletrocardiográficos durante o período de internação. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à dosagens dos níveis séricos de troponina-I cardíaca no pré e pós-operatório imediato da RM pelo método de quimioluminiscência, admitindo-se como normais valores abaixo de 0,1 ng/ml. Resultados: Os grupos I e II não apresentaram diferenças significantes quanto à fração de ejeção, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, tempos de pinçamento da aorta e de isquemia. O tempo de CEC mostrou diferença significante entre os grupos. A análise pareada dos valores séricos da troponina I cardíaca dos pacientes dos grupos I e II no pré-operatório não mostrou diferença significante...

New electrode for pacing fetuses with complete heart block

Assad,Renato S.; Zielinsky,Paulo; Kalil,Renato; Lima,Gustavo; Aramayo,Anna; Santos,Ari; Costa,Roberto; Barbero-Marcial,Miguel; Oliveira,Sérgio A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
OBJECTIVE: As fetal complete heart block with hydrops carries a poor prognosis, intrauterine pacing appears the most logical treatment. However, premature labor following hysterotomy remains a major obstacle to open procedures. Therefore, we developed a new lead for fetal pacing that avoids the need for intrauterine open surgical procedures. METHODS We successfully implanted a new T-bar-shaped lead into the myocardium of a fetus at 25 weeks gestation presenting with complete heart block (heart rate = 47 beats per minute), hydrops, and structural heart defects. The procedure was performed under ultrasound guidance, and the lead was introduced through the tip of a specially designed, 18G needle. The new lead was then connected to a Biotronik Actros pulse generator, which was implanted subcutaneously in the maternal abdominal wall. RESULTS: The stimulation resistance was 357 omega, and the sensed fetal R wave was 6.4 mV. The voltage strength-duration curve remained relatively constant at pulse widths > 0.6 msec. An echocardiogram on the first postoperative day revealed a mild pericardial effusion. The fetal heart rate was sTable , with low stimulation thresholds and no stimulation failures. No uterine contractions were observed during the postoperative period. However...

Cardiac surgery and hypertension: a dangerous association that must be well known

Yuan,Shi-Min; Jing,Hua
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
It is well-known that hypertension is a very common disease, and severe cerebrovascular accidents might occur if the blood pressure is not properly controlled. However, conditions associated with uncontrolled hypertension may be overlooked, and may become critical and eventually require a surgical intervention on an urgent basis. Coronary artery disease, acute aortic syndrome, congenital and valvular heart disease, and arrhythmias are under this topic of discussion. Of them, coronary artery disease including myocardial infarction and especially postinfarction myocardial rupture, and aortic dissection are major critical situations that physicians may encounter in clinical practice. The role that hypertension plays in these conditions can be complex, including hemodynamic, electrophysiological and biomolecular factors, where the latter may prevail in the current era. Coronary artery disease may be associated with a reduced nitric oxide synthesis. Transforming growth factor and matrix metalloproteinases have been observed in relation to aortic syndrome. Wnt, p38 and JNK signaling pathway may be involved in the development of ventricular hypertrophy responsible for cardiac arrythmias. Various gene phynotypes may present in different congenital heart defects. This article is to present these conditions...

Surgical treatment for infective endocarditis and hospital mortality in a Brazilian single-center

Machado,Maurício Nassau; Nakazone,Marcelo Arruda; Murad-Júnior,Jamil Ali; Maia,Lilia Nigro
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated patients underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis in an attempt to identify independent predictors of 30-day mortality. METHODS: We evaluated 837 consecutive patients underwent cardiac valve surgery from January 2003 to May 2010 in a tertiary hospital in São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo (SP), Brazil. The study group comprised patients who underwent intervention in the presence of infective endocarditis and was compared to the control group (without infective endocarditis), evaluating perioperative clinical outcomes and 30-day all cause mortality. RESULTS: In our series, 64 patients (8%) underwent cardiac valve surgery in the presence of infective endocarditis, and 37.5% of them had surgical intervention in multiple valves. The study group had prolonged ICU length of stay (16%), greater need for dialysis (9%) and higher 30-day mortality (17%) compared to the control group (7%, P=0.020; 2%, P=0.002 and 9%, P=0.038; respectively). In a Cox regression analysis, age (P = 0.007), acute kidney injury (P = 0.004), dialysis (P = 0.026), redo surgery (P = 0.026), re-exploration for bleeding (P = 0.013), tracheal reintubation (P <0.001) and type I neurological injury (P <0.001) were identified as independent predictors for death. Although the manifestation of infective endocarditis influenced on mortality in univariate analysis...

The use of the virtual reality as intervention tool in the postoperative of cardiac surgery

Cacau,Lucas de Assis Pereira; Oliveira,Géssica Uruga; Maynard,Luana Godinho; Araújo Filho,Amaro Afrânio de; Silva Junior,Walderi Monteiro da; Cerqueria Neto,Manoel Luiz; Antoniolli,Angelo Roberto; Santana-Filho,Valter J.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.87%
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery has been the intervention of choice in many cases of cardiovascular diseases. Susceptibility to postoperative complications, cardiac rehabilitation is indicated. Therapeutic resources, such as virtual reality has been helping the rehabilitational process. The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of virtual reality in the functional rehabilitation of patients in the postoperative period. METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups, Virtual Reality (VRG, n = 30) and Control (CG, n = 30). The response to treatment was assessed through the functional independence measure (FIM), by the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Evaluations were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. RESULTS: On the first day after surgery, patients in both groups showed decreased functional performance. However, the VRG showed lower reduction (45.712.3) when compared to CG (35.0612.09, P<0.05) in first postoperative day, and no significant difference in performance on discharge day (P>0.05). In evaluating the NHP field, we observed a significant decrease in pain score at third assessment (P<0.05). These patients also had a higher energy level in the first evaluation (P<0.05). There were no differences with statistical significance for emotional reactions...

Chronic stress and coping among cardiac surgeons: a single center study

Spiliopoulos,Kyriakos; Gansera,Laura; Weiland,Hans Christian; Schuster,Tibor; Eichinger,Walter; Gansera,Brigitte
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
Introduction: Cardiac surgeons stress may impair their quality of life and professional practice. Objective: To assess perceived chronic stress and coping strategies among cardiac surgeons. Methods: Twenty-two cardiac surgeons answered two self-assessment questionnaires, the Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress and the German SGV for coping strategies. Results: Participants mean age was 40±14.1 years and 13 were male; eight were senior physicians and 14 were residents. Mean values for the Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress were within the normal range. Unexperienced physicians had significantly higher levels of dissatisfaction at work, lack of social recognition, and isolation (P<0.05). Coping strategies such as play down, distraction from situation, and substitutional satisfaction were also significantly more frequent among unexperienced surgeons. "Negative" stress-coping strategies occur more often in experienced than in younger colleagues (P=0.029). Female surgeons felt more exposed to overwork (P=0.04) and social stress (P=0.03). Conclusion: Cardiac surgeons show a tendency to high perception of chronic stress phenomena and vulnerability for negative coping strategies.

Risk factors for surgical site infection in cardiac surgery

Silva,Quenia Cristina Gonçalves da; Barbosa,Maria Helena
Fonte: Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo Publicador: Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the occurrence of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the period between July 2005, and July 2010. METHODS: A quantitative, historical cohort study that evaluated 384 patients in a public teaching hospital. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software was used for data analysis and for descriptive analysis, measures of association in contigency tables and logistic regression were used. RESULTS: It was found that 36 (9.4%) patients developed a SSI and that mortality occurred in 14 (38.9%). Staphylococcus aureus was the prevalent microorganism (12, 27.3%) In the multivariate analysis, the risk factors identified as predictors of SSI were male gender, intubation for more than 24 hours, and reintubation. CONCLUSION: The risk factors predictive of the occurence of SSI (p<0.05) were: male gender, reintubation, and intubation for more than 24 hours.

Surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation

Yuan,Shi-Min; Jing,Hua; Sternik,Leonid
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
Currently, off-pump video-assisted thoracoscopic epicardial pulmonary vein isolation offers an attractive alternative to on-pump Maze procedures for surgical treatment of lone atrial fibrillation. Nevertheless, on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach still play an important role in patients with lone atrial fibrillation on many occasions, especially in patients with failed percutaneous pulmonary vein alone. The aim of this article was to give a brief review of the surgical strategies for treating lone atrial fibrillation, and present the possible indications for on-pump Maze procedures through a mid-sternotomy approach.

The Application of Computers to the Measurement, Analysis, and Treatment of Patients Following Cardiac Surgical Procedures

Sheppard, Louis C.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/10/1977 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
For the past ten years we have been using computer based systems in the clinical care of 9000 patients during the early hours following open intracardiac operations. Automated techniques have been applied to measurement, analysis, therapy, and record keeping functions in the Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care Unit (CICU) at the University of Alabama Hospital.

Cell Salvage Is Beneficial for All Cardiac Surgical Patients: Arguments For and Against

Baker, Robert A.; Merry, Alan F.
Fonte: American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology Publicador: American Society of ExtraCorporeal Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
Extensive literature has been published evaluating the use of cell salvage in cardiac surgery. However, the most recently published blood management guidelines do not give unequivocal direction on the use of cell salvage in cardiac surgical procedures and neither do recent meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials. In part, this reflects variation in the details of how cell salvage is used, including the specific equipment chosen. Consensus on the optimal approach to cell salvage would be helpful. A well-designed, appropriately powered, multicenter study could then be carried out with one or more specified devices to evaluate the efficacy of this agreed approach to cell salvage in the cardiac surgical environment.

Effect of dietary fish oil on atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

Farquharson, A.; Metcalf, R.; Sanders, P.; Stuklis, R.; Edwards, J.; Gibson, R.; Cleland, L.; Sullivan, T.; James, M.; Young, G.
Fonte: Excerpta Medica Inc Publicador: Excerpta Medica Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
An open-label study reported that ingestion of a fish oil concentrate decreased the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. However, a general cardiac surgery population involves valve and CABG surgeries. We undertook a double-blinded randomized controlled trial to examine the effectiveness of fish oil supplementation on the incidence of postsurgical AF after CABG and valve procedures. The primary end point was incidence of AF in the first 6 days after surgery. Two hundred patients were randomized to receive fish oil (providing 4.6 g/day of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids) or a control oil starting 3 weeks before surgery; 194 subjects completed the study, with 47 of 97 subjects in the control group and 36 of 97 subjects in the fish oil group developing AF (odds ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.35 to 1.11). There was a nonstatistically significant delay in time to onset of AF in the fish oil group (hazard ratio 0.66, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.01). There was a significant decrease in mean length of stay in the intensive care unit in the fish oil group (ratio of means 0.71, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.90). In conclusion, in a mixed cardiac surgery population, supplementation with dietary fish oil did not result in a significant decrease in the incidence of postsurgical AF. However...

The prevalence of anaemia, hypochromia and microcytosis in preoperative cardiac surgical patients

David, O.; Sinha, R.; Robinson, K.; Cardone, D.
Fonte: Australian Soc Anaesthetists Publicador: Australian Soc Anaesthetists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.98%
This retrospective study aimed to determine the prevalence of preoperative anaemia, hypochromia and microcytosis in cardiac surgery patients. Data was analysed for 943 patients (over a two-year period) undergoing coronary artery bypass graft, valve or combined coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery at a tertiary hospital in South Australia. Overall prevalence of preoperative anaemia was 25.2%, greater in males than females (27.6 vs 19.9%, P <0.01). Of patients with preoperative anaemia, 19.3% had reduced red cell indices (mean corpuscular haemoglobin and/or mean corpuscular volume) compared to 4% of patients without anaemia. The proportion of anaemic patients with low red cell indices was significantly higher in women <50 years and 50–65 years, compared to those >65 years of age (P=0.003). Anaemic patients with low red cell indices had lower preoperative haemoglobin than anaemic patients without low red cell indices (median haemoglobin 112 vs 120 g/l, P=0.008). Compared to non-anaemic patients, anaemic patients had higher transfusion rates (79.8 vs 46.4%, P <0.0001), which were greater in those with reduced red cell indices compared to those with normal red cell indices (93.5 vs 76.6%, P=0.01). This study demonstrated a high prevalence of preoperative anaemia...

Cardiac Surgery Costs According to the Preoperative Risk in the Brazilian Public Health System

Titinger,David Provenzale; Lisboa,Luiz Augusto Ferreira; Matrangolo,Bruna La Regina; Dallan,Luis Roberto Palma; Dallan,Luis Alberto Oliveira; Trindade,Evelinda Marramon; Eckl,Ivone; Kalil Filho,Roberto; Mejía,Omar Asdrúbal Vilca; Jatene,Fabio Biscegli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
AbstractBackground:Heart surgery has developed with increasing patient complexity.Objective:To assess the use of resources and real costs stratified by risk factors of patients submitted to surgical cardiac procedures and to compare them with the values reimbursed by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS).Method:All cardiac surgery procedures performed between January and July 2013 in a tertiary referral center were analyzed. Demographic and clinical data allowed the calculation of the value reimbursed by the Brazilian SUS. Patients were stratified as low, intermediate and high-risk categories according to the EuroSCORE. Clinical outcomes, use of resources and costs (real costs versus SUS) were compared between established risk groups.Results:Postoperative mortality rates of low, intermediate and high-risk EuroSCORE risk strata showed a significant linear positive correlation (EuroSCORE: 3.8%, 10%, and 25%; p < 0.0001), as well as occurrence of any postoperative complication EuroSCORE: 13.7%, 20.7%, and 30.8%, respectively; p = 0.006). Accordingly, length-of-stay increased from 20.9 days to 24.8 and 29.2 days (p < 0.001). The real cost was parallel to increased resource use according to EuroSCORE risk strata (R$ 27.116,00 ± R$ 13.928...

Cirugía de la insuficiencia mitral isquémica

Zalaquett S,Ricardo; Garrido O,Luis; Morán V,Sergio; Irarrázaval Ll,Manuel J; Becker R,Pedro; Maturana B,Gustavo; Chamorro S,Gastón; Braun J,Sandra; Godoy J,Iván; Córdova A,Samuel
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
Background. Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a severe condition which may be best treated by surgery, nowithstanding a relatively high mortality rate. Objectives. To evaluate the results of mitral valve replacement or repair in patients with IMR. Patients and methods. Retrospective review of the clinical records in 29 patients with IMR who were surgically treated from 1990 to 1999. They represent 8% of surgical procedures on the mitral valve. Results. Mean age was 67 ± 9 years. Surgery was performed urgently in 19 patients (66,5%). NYHA functional class was 3.4 ± 0.8. The mechanism of IMR was annular dilatation and spreading of papillary muscles in 18 patients, papillary muscle rupture in 9 and fibrosis in 2. Mitral valve replacement was performed in 14 patients and mitral valve repair in 15. Twenty four patients (83%) had concomitant myocardial revascularization. Overall surgical mortality was 24%; 26% for mitral replacement and 13% for mitral valve repair (p=0.215). On follow up of 26±33 months, one year survival was 76±0.8% and 5 years survival was 59±12%. Excluding in hospital mortality, survival was 100% at one year and 78±14% at 5 years. Functional class improved in all survivors, to 1.4±0.5. Late echocardiographic evaluation of patients with mitral valve repair showed absence of mitral regurgitation in 58%...

Impact of drugs counselling by an undergraduate pharmacist on cardiac surgical patient´s compliance to medicines

Zerafa,Natalie; Zarb Adami,Maurice; Galea,Joseph
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2011 Português
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Open heart surgery is a procedure which warrants patient education about the complexity of drug regimens and lifestyle modifications. Patient nonadherence is likely to have a considerable negative impact on the patients´ quality of life post-cardiac surgery. Objective: To evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on patients´ adherence to medication and lifestyle changes. Method: This case-controlled study was conducted at the Cardiac Surgical Ward and Outpatients Clinic of Mater Dei Hospital, Malta. Eighty consecutive patients who underwent coronary artery bypass or heart valve surgery were interviewed on their day of discharge using the "Past Medical History Questionnaire". The patients were then randomized to receive pharmacist intervention or usual care. Those who received intervention (40 patients) were given a chart with pictorial explanation of the time of day together with a colorful photograph of each tablet prescribed. This group of patients was also counselled to comply to oral analgesia and exercise and also on the avoidance of alcohol and smoking during the recovery period. The control patients received usual care without the pharmacist intervention. All patients were re-interviewed eight weeks after discharge using the "Assessing Patient Compliance Questionnaire". Any differences between the control and experimental groups were analysed using Chi-square...