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O direito à saúde na União Europeia em perspectiva diacrónica: elementos para uma genealogia do artigo 35.º da CDFUE

Vale, L.
Fonte: Nascer e Crescer Publicador: Nascer e Crescer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2011 Português
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65.85%
O objectivo primacial deste artigo consiste em traçar rapidamente a genealogia histórica do artigo 35º da Carta Europeia dos Direitos Fundamentais, captando-a na confluência de três veios relevantes do processo europeu de integração: os que concernem respectivamente à saúde, aos direitos humanos e à socialidade. Assim, nesta PARTE I, logo que as considerações introdutórias estejam concluídas, arriscaremos um vislumbre do horizonte de compreensão a assumir no que toca às relações entre saúde, justiça e direito, partindo do reconhecimento da importância da saúde como bem humano fundamental – com uma miríade de significados e valências (e, por conseguinte, nuclear para diversos tipos de discursos epistémicos, bem como de sistemas e práticas sociais) – exporemos algumas das mais provocantes questões que coloca, considerando-as como problemas de justiça, carentes de alguma forma de intervenção jurídica. Para encerrarmos, enfim, com a caracterização sumária do direito da saúde e, particularmente, do direito à saúde, ambos considerados em termos muito genéricos, tal como derivam dos contemporâneos standards de direito internacional, transnacional e comparado. ABSTRACT The main purpose of this article is to portray the basic historical genealogy of article 35º of the European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights...

Europäisches Verwalten aus der Bürgerperspektive gedacht - Eine Untersuchung der Internalisierung von Good Administration-Normen auf europäischer Ebene unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle der europäischen Ombudsman-Institution; European Administration from a Citizens’ Perspective - The Internalisation of Good Administration-Norms on EU-Level with special Attention to the Role of the European Ombudsman

Silbernagl, Carolin
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Masterarbeit
Português
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Seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre, im Zuge der weltweiten Diskussion um eine Ausrichtung bürokratischer Verfahren am Ideal des Public Service, lässt sich auch auf europäischer Ebene eine Tendenz verfolgen, die dem Bürger im Verwaltungsprozess eine gewichtigere Position einräumt. Die vorliegende Magisterarbeit untersucht in diesem Kontext die Rolle des Europäischen Bürgerbeauftragten (auch: Ombudsman, im folgenden EB) bei der Entwicklung von Good Administration-Normen auf EU-Ebene in den Jahren 1995 bis 2003. Die Institution des EB wurde mit dem Vertrag von Maastricht als Element der Unionsbürgerschaft institutionalisiert und während der ersten beiden Amtsperioden durch den Finnen Jacob Söderman verkörpert. Sie stellt eine außergerichtliche Beschwerdeinstanz für EU-Bürger dar, untersucht Streitfälle mit allen EU-Institutionen, die in direktem Kontakt zu den Bürgern stehen und vertritt so dessen Interessen im europäischen Verwaltungssystem. Mit weitreichenden Untersuchungskompetenzen ausgestattet, ist der EB in der Lage, wiederholt auftretenden Missständen nachzugehen und die Verwaltungsverfahren der EU in zentralen Punkten wie Transparenz, Gleichbehandlung und Rechtschaffenheit fortzuentwickeln. Somit wirkt er zweifach: Er schlichtet Konfliktfälle und entwickelt Normen für das Verwaltungssystem als Ganzes. Die Ombudsman-Institution hat schwedische Wurzeln und existiert heute in ca. 110 Staaten der Welt. Für die junge supranationale EU-Verwaltung stellte ihre Einrichtung eine Innovation dar...

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union: Legal, Symbolic and Constitutional Implications

WALKER, Neil
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Português
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The Europeanisation of refugee policies : between human rights and internal security

LAVENEX, Sandra
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
Português
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From the beginnings of intergovernmental co-operation in the 1980s to the Amsterdam Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the developing EU refugee policies have oscillated between the conflicting policy frames of internal security on the one hand and human rights on the other. Taking a multilevel perspective on the process of Europeanisation, this work highlights the entanglement between domestic as In m reforms in Germany and France and European co-operation and investigates the scope for a common refugee policy in the EU. Enlightening and innovative, this much-needed analysis of the Europeanisat ion of asylum policies is essential reading for scholars of European integration. asylum and refugee policy, and all those interested in the prospect of political unification in Europe.; Defence date: 11 October 1999; Examining board: Prof. Didier Bigo (IEP, Paris) ; Prof. Klaus Eder (Humboldt University, Berlin - Co-supervisor) ; Prof. Adrienne Héritier (EUI-Florence - Supervisor) ; Prof. Thomas Risse (EUI, Florence)

The Fundamentalisation of Social Rights

EUI Social and Labour Law Working Group
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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The place and legal value of social rights in the EU Charter is only one episode (albeit a long drawn out episode, lasting since 2000)in the ongoing struggle about the ‘fundamentalisation’ of social rights, which is the subject of the contributions to this collective Working Paper. In the European Union itself, another arena of this struggle was opened up more recently by the judgments of the European Court of Justice in the cases Laval, Viking and Rüffert, which are amply discussed in several contributions of the Working Paper. Issues relating to the recognition of a fundamental legal status to social rights also occur in other contexts than that of the European Union, namely in the development and monitoring of international human rights norms, and also in the national legal context. This Working Paper contains the combined output of current doctoral research at the EUI in these two fields: of international and European human rights law, and of comparative and European labour law. The contributions which the reader will find in the following pages take stock of the current debate on the fundamental status of social rights, and raise a number of interesting perspectives on how to carry that debate forward.; The members of the EUI Working Group of Social and Labour Law are: Uladzislau Belavusau (Uladzislau.Belavusau@EUI.eu) Iris Benöhr (Iris.Benohr@EUI.eu) Irene Galtung (Irene.Galtung@EUI.eu) Ann-Christine Hartzén (Ann-Christine.Hartzen@EUI.eu) Nikolett Hös (Nikolett.Hos@EUI.eu) Anna Maciejczyk Jaron (Anna.Jaron@EUI.eu) Claire Marzo (Claire.Marzo@EUI.eu) Bruno Mestre (Bruno.Mestre@EUI.eu); The members of the EUI Working Group of Social and Labour Law are: Uladzislau Belavusau (Uladzislau.Belavusau@EUI.eu) Iris Benöhr (Iris.Benohr@EUI.eu) Irene Galtung (Irene.Galtung@EUI.eu) Ann-Christine Hartzén (Ann-Christine.Hartzen@EUI.eu) Nikolett Hös (Nikolett.Hos@EUI.eu) Anna Maciejczyk Jaron (Anna.Jaron@EUI.eu) Claire Marzo (Claire.Marzo@EUI.eu) Bruno Mestre (Bruno.Mestre@EUI.eu); Second Annual Open Workshop of the EUI Social and Labour Law Working Group

Consumer law between market integration and Human Rights protection

BENÖHR, Iris
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
This thesis examines the relationship between fundamental rights and consumer protection in the European Union. Traditionally, consumer regulation has been applied as a onedimensional tool to achieve economic integration. In 2000, the Charter of Fundamental Rights broadened the scope of consumer law to include a social dimension; however, this initiative remains limited in practice, because of the abstract wording in the Charter, and because of the partly contrasting full-harmonisation strategy of the EU. Moreover, the Charter is not binding and it risks succumbing to traditional market-oriented policy tendencies. This thesis tries to build a bridge between the two approaches to consumer law - the market-oriented approach, and the fundamental-rights based approach. To do so, it suggests a new consumer concept, based upon the capability approach of the economist Amartya Sen. Such an approach enables the consumer to deal with the risks of increasingly integrated and complex markets, by focusing upon basic procedural rights. Three areas of consumer law have been gaining importance in recent times: credit agreements, telecommunications, and collective redress. Cases from these areas are considered here, as they exemplify the inter-action between fundamental rights...

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union after Lisbon

KOKOTT, Juliane; SOBOTTA, Christoph
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This working paper examines the legal nature, interpretation and scope of application of fundamental rights in the European Union in light of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The authors review the sources of fundamental rights protection and confirm that this protection, as applied prior to the Charter coming into force, remains in effect. In spite of the Charter, due regard should continue to be given to the shared constitutional traditions and the case-law of the Strasbourg Court, in particular when it comes to the interpretation of the Charter. The paper also addresses issues that arise with regard to the future accession of the Union to the European Convention of Human Rights. Additionally, close examination of the position of EU fundamental rights in the legal order of the Union reveals that Member States are bound by these rights only when they act within the scope of application of EU law. The Charter does not alter this system either. Finally, following discussion of the opt-outs from the Charter, it is concluded that the overall impact of the Charter is likely to be anything but revolutionary. Moreover, the paper offers a special perspective on EU fundamental rights: it suggests that the Kücükdeveci case reaches beyond the Charter in that it introduces direct horizontal application of an EU fundamental right in cases of age discrimination. However...

Social Justice and Access Justice in Private Law

MICKLITZ, Hans-Wolfgang
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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During the C20th, the Member States of the European Union developed their own models of social justice in private law. Each model is inherently linked to national culture and tradition. However, all models have a common thread, which is the use of the law by the (social welfare) state as a means to protect the weaker party against the stronger party. Since the adoption of the Single European Act in 1986, the European Union has assumed a social outlook which has gradually developed over time eventually taking shape in the Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Since the adoption of the SEA, more particularly the White Paper on the Completion of the Internal Market,[1] the European Union adopted a huge set of secondary law means which influence either directly (consumer, labour, anti-discrimination and business law directives) or indirectly (directives meant to liberalise markets, e.g. telecommunication, postal services, energy - electricity and gas, transport, health care) private law matters. This new regulatory private law is governed by a different philosophy, one which cannot be brought into line with the understanding of social justice as enshrined in labour or later the consumer movement and one which is challenging national models of social justice in private law. I call the EU model of justice access justice/Zugangsgerechtigkeit (justice through access...

The Scope of EU Fundamental Rights: An analytical approach

HANCOX, Emily
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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45.93%
The scope of EU fundamental rights is in a general state of confusion. This thesis takes an analytical approach to the case law, focuses on how the Court of Justice has conceptualised cases dealing with fundamental rights. This approach goes beyond the use of misleading labels, often used to disguise any extension of the scope of fundamental rights. As a result of this, the case law on general principles is recategorised so that there are three main categories of Member State action falling within the scope of EU fundamental rights. These are, when the Member State acts based on a power conferred by the EU, when Member State action preconditions the exercise of an EU right and when a national measure is affected by EU legislation. The post-Charter case law is then considered against the backdrop of this recategorisation. The general trend suggests that the Charter has not affected the scope of EU fundamental rights. The potential impact of accession to the ECHR is then considered.; Supervisor: Professor Loïc Azoulai, European University Institute.; Award date: 26 November 2012

Fundamental Rights and the European Union : how does and how should the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights relate to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?

TOGGENBURG, Gabriel N.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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76.05%
This paper looks at the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), established in 2007, from the perspective of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which entered into force in 2009. It explores the relationship between FRA and the Charter by looking at the agency’s institutional practice, its founding regulation and its Multiannual Framework, on which the Council of the European Union agrees every five years. The Florence-based European University Institute (EUI) proposed some 15 years ago an European Union (EU) human rights agenda for the new millennium. Many of the agenda’s policy proposals have materialised ever since, including the establishment of a ‘European Human Rights Monitoring Agency’. The Charter was not part of this set of proposals. However, this prominent bill of rights and the new Agency in Vienna are obviously closely related to each other. The author concludes that the agency, despite certain limitations in its mandate, is a ‘full-Charter-body’ which could unfold its potential better following a revision of its founding regulation. Such a revision should reflect that the EU Charter for Fundamental Rights has entered into force in the meantime. The author identifies two additional key elements for the need of revision: FRA’s mandate should include the possibility for the agency to deliver opinions on proposed EU legislation on its own motion...

The scope of the protection of fundamental rights under the EU charter

LAZZERINI, Nicole
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.03%
The recognition of the legally binding value of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights has profoundly transformed the Union system of fundamental rights protection. The novelties not only concern the sources of this protection, but also the conditions for the application and interpretation of EU fundamental rights. In particular, before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty the Court of Justice was the exclusive architect of its approach to fundamental rights, whereas in the era of the legally binding Charter is confronted with written rules on the subject. Moreover, if there is no doubt that the Lisbon Treaty has put an unprecedented emphasis on the protection and promotion of EU fundamental rights, the Member States have contextually expressed, and with equal emphasis, concerns towards an ever-increasing expansion of the scope of EU fundamental rights, at the expense of domestic standards and material competences. Against this background, the aim of this thesis is to reconstruct the scope of the protection offered (better, that should be offered) by the EU Charter. The analysis covers problems relating both to the scope of application of the Charter and to its effects. Some of the questions addressed are new, as they stem from novelties introduced by the Charter others are veritable topoi of the EU discourse on fundamental rights...

Derechos fundamentales y libertades de circulaci??n a la sombra de una Constituci??n para Europa: Comentario a la Sentencia TJCE (Sala 1??) de 4 de octubre de 2004 (As. C-36/02: "Omega")

S??nchez Lorenzo, Sixto A.
Fonte: Instituto Andaluz de Administraci??n P??blica Publicador: Instituto Andaluz de Administraci??n P??blica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Comentario del alcance de la sentencia del TJCE en el asunto OMEGA, que pone de relieve las diferencias de conceptos nacionales en materia de derechos fundamentales y la dificultad de una interpretaci??n uniforme de la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Uni??n Europea.; Note on the scope od ECJ Judgment in the case "Omega", which emphazises the different national understandings in the field of fundamental rights and the difficulties in order to achieve a common and uniform interpretation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

La Carta de los derechos fundamentales de la Unión Europea; The Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union

Parejo Navajas, Teresa
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de Derechos Humanos Bartolomé de las Casas; Dykinson
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /01/2010 Português
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105.94%
El paso de la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea a Derecho vinculante para los Estados miembros (y sus ciudadanos) a través de su inclusión en el Tratado de Lisboa, suscita muchos temas de interés, entre ellos, el referido a los mecanismos de articulación en la protección de los derechos fundamentales consecuencia de la coexistencia de diversos sistemas jurídicos reguladores de tales derechos y, por tanto, de varias jurisdicciones que habrán de dar solución a las eventuales situaciones de conflicto en su interpretación.; The European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights sets out, in a single text, for the first time in the European Union’s history, the whole range of civil, political, economic and social rights of European citizens and all persons resident in the EU and will be coming legally binding when the Lisbon Treaty has entered into force. This fact leads to a new situation in which the rights contained in the Charter must in principle be made justiciable by a multiple potentially conflicting jusrisdictional system.

"Empowering Europe`s citizens"?: towards a charter for services of general interest

Clifton, Judith Catherine; Díaz Fuentes, Daniel; Comín Comín, Francisco
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; acceptedVersion
Português
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This article analyses the development of the European Union (EU) project of a Charter for Services of General Interest (SGI) from the mid-1990s to the publication of the White Paper on Services of General Interest and the draft European Constitution in 2004. Though service charters are often associated with New Public Management (NPM) reforms related to privatization, they are also an integral part of the process of EU institution building, and need to be understood alongside developments such as the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Using a four-stage model of international NPM convergence analysis four phases of the Charter for SGI experience are examined and compared to Anglo-Saxon experiences. Though there are important similarities linking the charter initiatives in the EU and the Anglo-Saxon world, there are also a number of important differences, which can be explained by the project to construct a supranational political citizenship, as well as vital institutional differences in capabilities related to EU competences and issues of governance.

Areas of Application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union: Fields of conflict?

SAFJAN, Marek
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Although the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union has already became a fully binding act of primary EU law, the controversies concerning the area of Charter's application do not seem to cease. Nevertheless, this phenomenon should not surprise since the core of this discussion rests upon the fundamental rules of the functioning of the European Union. While the uniform stand concerning the scope of application of the Charter vis-à-vis national legislation has not yet been elaborated upon, an analysis of the trends emerging in the ECJ case-law seems to be useful. The discussion is still open and two approaches - strict (formal) and flexible (liberal) - compete. Recent case-law of the ECJ proves the existence of specific "gear mechanisms" or "legal connectors" which serve the purpose of determination of the field of the Charter's application on the areas traditionally not covered by the EU law. The case-law at hand also determines the framework in which the existing jurisprudence concerning the general principles of EU law can be applied for delineating the field of the Charter's application. The questions mentioned above are being explored in light of the prospective ratification of the European Convention of Human Rights by the European Union and discussion about the degree of influence of a Member State's constitutional traditions on interpretation and application of the Charter.

Fundamental rights in internal market legislation

KOSTA, Vasiliki
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Defence date: 17 June 2013; Examining Board: Professor Bruno de Witte (EUI Supervisor) ; Professor Hans-Wolfgang Micklitz, European University Institute ; Professor Niamh Nic Shuibne, University of Edinburgh ; Dr. Clemens Ladenburger, European Commission.; This thesis places the debate on the relationship between fundamental rights and the internal market outside the field of negative integration (where it is usually takes place) into the field of positive integration. It examines the extent to which there is an internal market competence to deal with fundamental rights and analyses new mechanisms for fundamental rights protection outside the Courts. Against this backdrop, this thesis analyses the existing harmonisation practice in the EU through the lens of four fundamental rights: (i) data protection, (ii) freedom of expression, (iii) fundamental labour rights [the right to collective bargaining and the right to fair and just working conditions] and (iv) the right to health. The research reveals that there is a considerable amount of internal market legislation dealing with fundamental rights (even pre-existing the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights) but that most of it is not couched in fundamental rights terms. This thesis identifies the determinants...

L'identité européenne : un développement progressif par la citoyenneté et la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne

Arabaghian, Anouche
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Depuis le projet d’origine, l’Union européenne a étendu ses frontières, intégré de nouveaux territoires, de nouvelles traditions politiques et pris une nouvelle forme géographique. Ses frontières « non définies » se sont déplacées, le territoire cédant la place à un espace ouvert. Mais cette évolution n’a pas modifié la nature des interrogations sur son identité, sur l’existence d’une société européenne, sur l’identification des « peuples » européens à leur nouvelle communauté politique et sur l’émergence d’un espace public européen. La problématique de l'identité européenne est que malgré tous les moyens déployés par les institutions supranationales (processus d’harmonisation, d’homogénéisation et de convergence), celle-ci demeure un concept abstrait dont l’expression et l’enracinement dans le tissu social sont encore superficiels. L’Union européenne est une communauté de citoyens, les droits sont codifiés par les traités successifs, mais elle reste une communauté dont l’identité est encore incertaine. Bien que l’identité européenne concerne toute une série de questions qui doivent être saisies concurremment - élargissement, questions des frontières, hybridité politico-institutionnelle...

Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union and Social-Labor Declaration of Mercosul: origins, judicial nature and applicability; Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais da União Europeia e Declaração Sociolaboral do Mercosul: origem, natureza jurídica e aplicabilidade

Silva, Walküre Lopes Ribeiro da
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2014 Português
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105.83%
Este artigo analisa, comparativamente, a Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais da União Europeia e a Declaração Sociolaboral do Mercosul, quanto à origem, natureza jurídica e aplicabilidade.; This article analyses comparatively the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the Social-labor Declaration of Mercosul, concerning their origins, juridical nature and applicability.

The right to a fair trial in the European Union: lights and shadows

Galera Rodrigo, Susana; Universidade Federal do Paraná e Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná
Fonte: NINC - Núcleo de Investigações Constitucionais da UFPR Publicador: NINC - Núcleo de Investigações Constitucionais da UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/05/2015 Português
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This article is focused on one of the rights provided by the article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union: the right of a fair trial. It is not a new contribution of the Charter but a guarantee which has been provided by the EU Law for decades, first appeared as procedural right, later recognized as a general principle of the EU and finally embodied in the Charter. This work reminds such process of recognition, paying special attention to the judicial remedies provided by the EU law and to some specific rules which affect the environment on the right of a fair trial is developed. The article concludes underlining, on one hand, the improvements on the right to a fair trial carried out by this legal process and, on the other hand, a few gaps on the issue which are neither recent nor consistent with the effectiveness and completeness of such right as it is required by the Rule of Law tradition.

A Room with a View – The Protection of Social Rights in a European International and Supranational Perspective; A Room with a View – La Protezione dei Diritti Sociali in Prospettiva Europea Internazionale e Sovranazionale

Cocchi, Sara; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Fonte: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux Publicador: Fundação José Arthur Boiteux
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/12/2014 Português
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2014v35n69p19This article examines the current framework for a “European” recognition of social rights starting from the main relevant Council of Europe and European Union sources. Through a review of the main challenges faced by such a debated category of entitlements in the European context, we will discuss the actual effectiveness of their protection and the potential risks implied in skeptical positions towards supranational commitments perceived as exceedingly pervasive. References to selected case law from the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice will not only highlight the obstacles related to the enactment of “European” social rights provisions, but also point out the presence of interpretive tools that may actively help in overcoming them.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2014v35n69p19 Il presente contributo esamina le attualipossibilità di un riconoscimento “europeo” per i diritti sociali attraverso l’analisi delle principali fonti del Consiglio d’Europa e dell’Unione Europea che li riguardano. Ripercorrendo le difficoltà emerse nell’inserimento di tale controversa categoria di diritti nei documenti “europei” fondamentali, ci si interrogherà quindi sull’effettivo grado di protezione che questa inclusione garantisce e sui rischi che l’insofferenza nei confronti di vincoli sovranazionali ritenuti eccessivamente penetranti può comportare. Alcuni riferimenti alle principali decisioni emesse dalla Corte Europea dei Diritti dell’Uomo e dalla Corte di Giustizia Europea mostreranno non soltanto le difficoltà interpretative incontrate nell’applicazione delle norme esaminate...