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Caracterização do estado sanitário dos carnívoros selvagens da RPPN SESC Pantanal e de animais domésticos da região; Characterization of the health status of wild carnivores of the RPPN SESC Pantanal and of domestic animals of the region

Jorge, Rodrigo Silva Pinto
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2008 Português
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36.02%
Nas últimas décadas, pesquisadores vêm atribuindo crescente importância à ocorrência de agentes patogênicos para a conservação de animais selvagens. Epizootias em carnívoros selvagens na África e América do Norte levaram a declínios significativos nas populações afetadas. Por outro lado, animais selvagens podem agir como reservatórios para agentes que afetam o homem e animais domésticos. O objetivo deste estudo foi pesquisar a exposição de carnívoros selvagens e de animais domésticos da região da RPPN SESC Pantanal a patógenos importantes para a conservação dos carnívoros selvagens e para o homem. Para isto, entre 2002 e 2006, 76 carnívoros selvagens (43 cachorros-do-mato, Cerdocyon thous, 13 guaxinins, Procyon cancrivorous, oito lobos-guarás, Chrysocyon brachyurus, quatro jaguatiricas, Leopardus pardalis, sete suçuaranas, Puma concolor e um cachorro-vinagre, Speothos venaticus) foram capturados e tiveram amostras sangüíneas coletadas. Também foram amostrados 103 cães domésticos em comunidades humanas localizadas ao norte da RPPN e 27 cavalos utilizados no interior da reserva. Para os carnívoros (selvagens e domésticos) foi realizado sorodiagnóstico para o vírus da cinomose (soroneutralização)...

Espécies sentinelas para a Mata Atlântica: as conseqüências epidemiológicas da fragmentação florestal no Pontal do Paranapanema, São Paulo; Sentinel species for Atlantic Rainfores: epidemiological consequences of forest fragmentation in Pontal do Paranapanema, São Paulo

Nava, Alessandra Ferreira Dales
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/07/2008 Português
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36.01%
A conservação da biodiversidade e de ecossistemas saudáveis é extremamente necessária para a saúde dos indivíduos, das populações humanas e das demais espécies encontradas na natureza. Como conseqüência desses múltiplos estresses ambientais estão certas doenças emergentes, a desestabilização de cadeias tróficas e os efeitos deletérios na saúde de populações silvestres e na ecologia dos habitats fragmentados. O objetivo principal deste estudo foi estudar as conseqüências epidemiológicas da fragmentação florestal nas populações de animais domésticos, felinos silvestres e taiassuídeos presentes no Parque Estadual Morro do Diabo e fragmentos florestais próximos, intencionando determinar o padrão de ocorrência de doenças na população silvestre. Para isso foram capturados e tiveram amostras coletadas: 39 catetos (Tayassu tajacu), 61 queixadas (Tayassu peccari), 2 jaguatiricas (Leopardus pardalis), 2 onças pardas (Puma concolor), 8 onças pintadas (Panthera onca), e 100 Rattus rattus bem como os seguintes animais domésticos: 782 bovinos, 214 caninos, 193 eqüinos, 108 ovinos, 97 suínos e 17 gatos domésticos do entorno do PEMD e fragmentos florestais. Para os animais silvestres e domésticos amostrados...

Threat of an influenza panzooty: a review based on conservation medicine

Caron,Luiz Felipe; Soccol,Vanete Thomaz
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.08%
Among reemerging illnesses, influenza constitutes one of the main concerns. The avian influenza has recently demonstrated the strong transmission capacity of the etiological agent -a virus from the Orthomyxoviridae family - associated to high pathogenic manifestations of the illness. The strong mutation capacity of this virus, through different hosts, reveals how important integrated actions aiming at monitoring its presence in different species are. The swine infection represents an additional concern not only in relation to that species but also in relation to the possibility of the virus to mutate and adapt to humans. The elements that determine the pathogenicity of the various viral subtypes must be well understood, for the tools used to control the illness - such as vaccination - may promote viral mutation and thus render the control even more difficult instead of favoring it. The present review aims at characterizing various components involved in the virus maintenance in different species as well as the determinant elements involved in its evolution, from the point of view of Conservation Medicine, which is the branch of science that deals exactly with the interaction among the environment, human beings, and animals, thus creating a holistic vision not only of the problem but also of the coherent and effective actions involved in their solution.

Wild canids as sentinels of ecological health: a conservation medicine perspective

Aguirre, A Alonso
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/03/2009 Português
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46.22%
The extinction of species across the globe is accelerating, directly or indirectly due to human activities. Biological impoverishment, habitat fragmentation, climate change, increasing toxification, and the rapid global movement of people and other living organisms have worked synergistically to diminish ecosystem function. This has resulted in unprecedented levels of disease emergence, driven by human-induced environmental degradation, which poses a threat to the survival and health of biodiversity. The emerging discipline of conservation medicine addresses these concerns through the following entities: humans; global climate; habitat destruction and alteration; biodiversity, including wildlife populations; domestic animals; and pathogens, parasites and pollutants. Furthermore, conservation medicine focuses on explicit linkages between these entities. As a crisis discipline, the usefulness of conservation medicine ultimately will depend on its applicability to solving problems. The perspectives and scientific findings of conservation medicine provide input into biomedical education; and policy and management of ecosystems, habitats and imperiled species. A sentinel species is one that has presented itself, or has been selected, to provide insight into the state (health) of an ecosystem...

Impending conservation crisis for Southeast Asian amphibians

Rowley, Jodi; Brown, Rafe; Bain, Raoul; Kusrini, Mirza; Inger, Robert; Stuart, Bryan; Wogan, Guin; Thy, Neang; Chan-ard, Tanya; Trung, Cao Tien; Diesmos, Arvin; Iskandar, Djoko T.; Lau, Michael; Ming, Leong Tzi; Makchai, Sunchai; Truong, Nguyen Quang; Phi
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
With an understudied amphibian fauna, the highest deforestation rate on the planet and high harvesting pressures, Southeast Asian amphibians are facing a conservation crisis. Owing to the overriding threat of habitat loss, the most critical conservation action required is the identification and strict protection of habitat assessed as having high amphibian species diversity and/or representing distinctive regional amphibian faunas. Long-term population monitoring, enhanced survey efforts, collection of basic biological and ecological information, continued taxonomic research and evaluation of the impact of commercial trade for food, medicine and pets are also needed. Strong involvement of regional stakeholders, students and professionals is essential to accomplish these actions.

Chlamydophila spp.,Mycoplasma gallisepticum E Mycoplasma synoviae em psitacídeos (filo: Cordata, ordem: Psittaciformes) de diferentes cativeiros no estado de Goiás; Chlamydophila spp.,Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae in Psittacines (phylum: cordata, order: Psittaciformes) from different captivities in the state of Goiás

CARVALHO, Andréa de Moraes
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Ciência Animal; Ciências Agrárias - Veterinaria
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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36.02%
The investigation of pathogens in wild animals can be considered an important tool for conservation of species and ecosystem. Chlamydiosis was first identified and is a common disease in psittacines. It is considered the most important zoonosis spread by these birds. Due to its infectious nature, this disease is studied all around the world. The mycoplasmosis is a common respiratory disease in pigeons, chickens and birds. However, parrots can be affected if they get in contact with the agent, and they can become a source of infection for the environment and for other birds. This study aimed to identify, through the polymerase chain reaction PCR technique, bacteria Chlamydophila spp., Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae in captivity parrots in three different facilities in Goiás state: CETAS Centro de Triagem de AnimaisSilvestres, a conservation and a comercial captivity. The results were compared in order to determine wich facility is more perserved or contaminated by pathogens. For Chlamydophilaspp, CETAS facility showed 25.6% of positive samples, while the commercial captivity showed 26.4%, and the conservation captivity had no positive samples (0%). For the presence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, CETAS presented 21.62% of positive samples...

Pequi, Jatobá, Algodãozinho ... : a biodiversidade do Cerrado na medicina popular; Pequi, Jatobá, Algodãozinho ... : The biodiversity of the Cerrado en popular medicine

BORGES, Viviane Custódia
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Geografia; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Geografia; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.96%
The domain of Cerrado is pressed by many economic activities. It shares space, especially with livestock, soybeans, corn and sugarcane, compromising its flora, fauna and culture of Cerradeiro People. Paradoxically, it is one of the richest biomes in biodiversity. To encourage / support practices attentive to this peculiarity soften its intense anthropogenic destruction. It makes appropriate to mention that our understanding of biodiversity encompasses the cultural bias. Thus, the management of biodiversity is in the local culture, its traditional knowledge and its relationship with regional forms of the different ecosystems. According to that, there is the popular medicine of medicinal plants and home remedies of an institution of the Third Department, the Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO that works with species from the Cerrado, keeping a tradition. The argument that permeates this study is that the popular medicine of Cerrado of medicinal plants and their home remedies are strengthened by the support and enhancement of the Third Department. The empirical elect, the geographic category territory, is central, we have a territory formed in the geographic place of Health Pastoral Care of Diocese of Goias / GO, politics delimitation from the Catholic Church the Diocese. This territory is resistant with its popular traditional pharmacies in front of allopathic pharmaceutical groups. Flows between the groups in this pastoral form the social networks...

Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Central America and the Caribbean

Lagos-Witte, Sonia
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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36.21%
The issues of medical plant conservation have been the focus of many formal and informal discussions at national and international forums, seminars, workshops, conferences and congresses in the last 10 years. Caribbean and Central American countries are adopting common policies on medicinal plant conservation and establishing collaborative projects and appropriate agreements for research programs in order to achieve a new status for the protection of medicinal plant diversity. This paper for the most part reports on the the TRAMIL Program (Scientific Research on Medicinal Plants in the Caribbean Basin) coordinated since 1982. TRAMIL has focused on conserving traditional community knowledge of folk remedies, and providing scientific validation of safety and efficacy needed to encourage national health policies that include traditional medicine in primary health care programs.

Ethiopia - Traditional Medicine and the Bridge to Better Health

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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36.15%
The majority of Ethiopians depend on medical plants as their only source of health care, especially in rural areas where access to villages is lacking due to the absence of vehicular roads. The increasing scarcity of medicinal plant species represents a trend that should be immediately addressed. The health and drug policies of the Ethiopian Ministry of Health recognize the important role medical plants and traditional health systems play in health care. Unfortunately little has been done in recent decades to enhance and develop the beneficial aspects of traditional medicine including related research and its gradual integration into modern medicine. With the World Bank assistance, the Ethiopian government will soon start to implement the first conservation and sustainable use of medical plants project in Sub-Saharan Africa. The overall objective of the project is to initiate support for conservation, management, and sustainable use of medicinal plants for human and livestock health care.

Ecology and conservation of the swift parrot - an endangered austral migrant

Saunders, Debra
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
The swift parrot (Lathamus discolor, Psittacidae) is an endangered, austral migrant that inhabits forests and woodlands of south-eastern Australia. With a small population size (2500 birds), broad winter distribution (1 250 000 km2) and often cryptic nature, the swift parrot is a challenging species to study. In autumn they migrate north from their Tasmanian breeding grounds in search of suitable food resources throughout their winter range on mainland Australia. They are therefore dependent on a combination of suitable wintering, migration and breeding habitats. Although they spend a large proportion of their lives within winter habitats, the spatial and temporal dynamics of habitat use in this part of their range is poorly understood. This thesis aims to provide a greater understanding of large-scale winter habitat use by swift parrots, in both historic and current contexts, and provide a basis for future conservation management. ...¶ During drought swift parrot abundance was significantly correlated with rainfall, whereby most of the population either concentrated in a few regions or migrated longer distances (up to 1000km) to drought refuges in wetter coastal areas. However, swift parrot abundance was not associated with specific climate variables during years of average to high rainfall throughout most of their range. Instead they appeared to prefer habitats within particular regions. Importantly this study emphasises that conservation measures need to be implemented throughout the distribution of migratory species...

Evidence based environmental management: what can medicine and public health tell us?

Frazey, Ioan; Salisbury, Janet
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 75958 bytes; 366 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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36.07%
Introduction: Ioan welcomed participants and explained that the central theme of the workshop was that environmental managers could learn much from the approach to systematically reviewing and critically appraising scientific literature that has been developed in medicine and public health over the last 30 years. This method, referred to as ‘evidence-based medicine’ (EBM), has turned clinical medicine around from being based largely on ad hoc literature reviews, trial and error and expert opinion, to being firmly based on the best quality evidence available internationally. The idea that the model of EBM can be applied to environmental management has now originated in at least three ‘nodes’ where people either work or are linked in some way across scientific disciplines. Janet Salisbury made this connection when her consultancy work in science information took her between writing about clinical and public health issues for the NHMRC, on the one hand, and about environmental science and resource management issues on the other. She noticed that whereas in the medical and health areas there is a systematic approach to gathering, ranking and critically appraising evidence (eg for the efficacy of a clinical procedure or lifestyle change)...

Yellow fever impact on brown howler monkeys (Alouatta guariba clamitans) in Argentina: a metamodelling approach based on population viability analysis and epidemiological dynamics

Moreno,Eduardo S; Agostini,Ilaria; Holzmann,Ingrid; Di Bitetti,Mario S; Oklander,Luciana I; Kowalewski,Martín M; Beldomenico,Pablo M; Goenaga,Silvina; Martínez,Mariela; Lestani,Eduardo; Desbiez,Arnaud LJ; Miller,Philip
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
In South America, yellow fever (YF) is an established infectious disease that has been identified outside of its traditional endemic areas, affecting human and nonhuman primate (NHP) populations. In the epidemics that occurred in Argentina between 2007-2009, several outbreaks affecting humans and howler monkeys (Alouatta spp) were reported, highlighting the importance of this disease in the context of conservation medicine and public health policies. Considering the lack of information about YF dynamics in New World NHP, our main goal was to apply modelling tools to better understand YF transmission dynamics among endangered brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba clamitans) populations in northeastern Argentina. Two complementary modelling tools were used to evaluate brown howler population dynamics in the presence of the disease: Vortex, a stochastic demographic simulation model, and Outbreak, a stochastic disease epidemiology simulation. The baseline model of YF disease epidemiology predicted a very high probability of population decline over the next 100 years. We believe the modelling approach discussed here is a reasonable description of the disease and its effects on the howler monkey population and can be useful to support evidence-based decision-making to guide actions at a regional level.

Making medicine in post-tridentine Rome : Girolamo Mercuriale's "De Arte Gymnastica" : a different reading of the book

KAVVADIA, Maria
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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35.98%
Defence date: 22 September 2015; Examining Board : Professor Antonella Romano, EUI; Professor Luca Molà, EUI; Professor Andrea Carlino, University of Geneva; Professor Conceta Pennuto, University of Geneva.; Western medical tradition, resting on Hippocrates and Galen, has been divided into two parts: hygiene (or dietetics) – the conservative/preventive part, and therapeutics – the curative part. Historians and sociologists of medicine have shown an unparalleled interest in the curative side of medicine, an interest that possibly reflects the focus of modern western medicine on curing disease. Conversely, the conservative side of medicine and prevention as a medical method and process has attracted far less scholarly attention in the studies in the history of medicine. Nonetheless, in both the Hippocratic and Galenic works that dominated medical thought and practice until well into the seventeenth century, medicine was not only conceptualized as the art of curing disease but also as the art of preserving health – the art of wellbeing. The Renaissance in Italy saw the recovery and revival of the classical dietetic literature by the medical humanists, which had a profound impact on the organisation of academic medicine and brought developments in the preventive paradigm. During the sixteenth century the genre of preventive literature flourished...

Phylogeography and conservation biology of the Purple-crowned Fairy-wren, Malurus coronatus

Skroblin, Anja
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
The purple-crowned fairy-wren (Malurus coronatus) is a declining passerine that is restricted to the dense patches of vegetation that grow along waterways in the wet-dry tropics of northern Australia. The species is threatened by ongoing degradation of riparian habitat caused by the grazing and trampling of introduced herbivores, intense fires and weed incursion. Although the western subspecies (Malurus coronatus coronatus) has been listed as endangered, conservation has been hampered by poor information regarding its distribution and what factors influence its fine-scale occurrence. This thesis aims to rectify these knowledge gaps and produce recommendations for management goals that could improve the conservation of M. c. coronatus, its riparian habitat, and other vulnerable species within the habitat. To validate the use of M. c. coronatus as a separate unit for conservation, we firstly affirmed the genetic and thus evolutionary distinctiveness of the morphologically defined subspecies of purple-crowned fairy-wren (M. c. coronatus and Malurus coronatus macgillivrayi). Because M. c. coronatus was of greater conservation concern it became the focus of the subsequent chapters. Extensive aerial and ground surveys, accompanied by an analysis of population genetics...

Traditional Medicine Programmes in Madagascar

Rasoanaivo, Philippe
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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36.1%
The note reviews Madagascar's inherited wealth of ethno-medical knowledge, being endowed with a flora of unique global importance on account of its biodiversity, endemicity, and ethno-medical uses. The government of Madagascar has shown its political commitment to traditional medicine by supporting, through an inter-ministerial convention, a commission to study regulations on traditional medicine, and its pharmacopoeia in the country, which was established in May 1996. The note further enumerates the general and operational objectives of the traditional medicine policy, and identifies associations and institutions involved in traditional medicine, in medicinal plant research and production, in pharmacopoeia, and in phyto-medicine production, and relevant programmes.

Medicinal Plants : Conservation and Sustainable Use in Sri Lanka; Plantes medicinales: Conservation et utilisation rationnelle au Sri Lanka

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
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36.03%
In Sri Lanka, ayurveda (a holistic system of medicine and health care which originated in India-in Sanskrit, "Ayu" means " life' and "veda" means " the knowledge of ") and the traditional system of health care have been systematically used for over two thousand years to treat illnesses. When last listed, 1,414 plant species have been used for this purpose. These species include several endemic species which are becoming increasingly rare and under threat of extinction. Approximately 200 species of medicinal plants are in common use, and of these 50 are heavily used in ayurvedic and traditional health care systems. Nearly 80 medicinal plant species are now considered threatened. In addition to recognizing their curative and therapeutic value, Sri Lankans uses medicinal plants in rituals, cultural activities and in religious functions.

Medicina de la conservación, enfermedades y aves rapaces; Conservation medicine, diseases and raptors

Saggese, Miguel D.
Fonte: Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata Publicador: Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2007 Português
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56.28%
Como resultado de los cambios de origen humano en los ambientes naturales, del sostenido aumento de la población humana mundial y de la creciente tasa de contacto entre seres humanos, animales silvestres y domésticos, la exposición de todos ellos a macroparásitos (helmintos y artrópodos) y microparásitos (bacterias, virus, protozoos) está en constante aumento. Esto conduce a la aparición de numerosas enfermedades en animales y seres humanos. Sumados a los factores clásicamente considerados (pérdida de hábitat, introducción de especies, efecto en cadena de las extinciones y persecución directa), los parásitos pueden ocasionar también severos cambios demográficos en poblaciones de aves rapaces y otros animales silvestres, y contribuir a su declinación. Como respuesta a esta situación surge una nueva disciplina de crisis: la medicina de la conservación. Sus objetivos son la conservación de la biodiversidad y lograr el restablecimiento de la salud de los ecosistemas naturales y de todos sus componentes. A diferencia de enfoques previos, los cuales percibían a la conservación y a la salud de las especies animales y de los seres humanos como temas separados, la medicina de la conservación se preocupa por todos ellos...

Medicina de la conservación, enfermedades y aves rapaces; Conservation medicine, diseases and raptors

Saggese, Miguel D.
Fonte: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical; Aves Argentinas; Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata Publicador: Revista de Ornitología Neotropical; Aves Argentinas; Aves Argentinas / Asociación Ornitológica del Plata
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /12/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
Como resultado de los cambios de origen humano en los ambientes naturales, del sostenido aumento de la población humana mundial y de la creciente tasa de contacto entre seres humanos, animales silvestres y domésticos, la exposición de todos ellos a macroparásitos (helmintos y artrópodos) y microparásitos (bacterias, virus, protozoos) está en constante aumento. Esto conduce a la aparición de numerosas enfermedades en animales y seres humanos. Sumados a los factores clásicamente considerados (pérdida de hábitat, introducción de especies, efecto en cadena de las extinciones y persecución directa), los parásitos pueden ocasionar también severos cambios demográficos en poblaciones de aves rapaces y otros animales silvestres, y contribuir a su declinación. Como respuesta a esta situación surge una nueva disciplina de crisis: la medicina de la conservación. Sus objetivos son la conservación de la biodiversidad y lograr el restablecimiento de la salud de los ecosistemas naturales y de todos sus componentes. A diferencia de enfoques previos, los cuales percibían a la conservación y a la salud de las especies animales y de los seres humanos como temas separados, la medicina de la conservación se preocupa por todos ellos...

Orchid conservation messaging in public gardens

Ling, Chunying
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
Lyons, Robert E.; The Orchid family is one of the two largest families of flowering plants, with an estimated 25,000 species, occurring on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica. Orchids are versatile plants used in biology, economy, politics, romance, literature, and even medicine. People have been collecting orchids since 18th century. Public gardens are institutions known for their contributions in advancing knowledge and the appreciation of plant life by offering opportunities for research and enjoyment of beautiful flora; they also play host to orchid collections across the world. Public gardens carry a responsibility to build connection and attain a deeper understanding between people and orchids, especially for orchid conservation. The objective of the thesis research is to build a baseline of orchid collections in public gardens, set up guidelines for successful programming and promote gardens to be responsible for conservation messaging. An online survey was conducted with a distribution to 237 selected gardens with 64 completing the survey. Survey results were utilized to analyze overall orchid collection practices in public gardens, as well as to set up a current baseline of orchid collections. Furthermore, Three case study sites (two within North America and one in China) were selected based on the survey results and pre-visits. Key staff involved with orchid collection were interviewed for a better understanding of procedures and programs related to orchid education and conservation. Guidelines...

Can methods applied in medicine be used to summarize and disseminate conservation research?

Fazey, Ioan; Salisbury, Janet G; Lindenmayer, David; Maindonald, John; Douglas, Robert M
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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36.34%
To ensure that the best scientific evidence is available to guide conservation action, effective mechanisms for communicating the results of research are necessary. In medicine, an evidence-based approach assists doctors in applying scientific evidence when treating patients. The approach has required the development of new methods for systematically reviewing research, and has led to the establishment of independent organizations to disseminate the conclusions of reviews. (1) Such methods could help bridge gaps between researchers and practitioners of environmental conservation. In medicine, systematic reviews place strong emphasis on reviewing experimental clinical trials that meet strict standards. Although experimental studies are much less common in conservation, many of the components of systematic reviews that reduce the biases when identifying, selecting and appraising relevant studies could still be applied effectively. Other methods already applied in medicine for the review of non-experimental studies will therefore be required in conservation. (2) Using systematic reviews and an evidence-based approach will only be one tool of many to reduce uncertainty when making conservation-related decisions. Nevertheless an evidence-based approach does complement other approaches (for example adaptive management)...