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The Structure and Dynamics of International Development Assistance

Coscia, Michele; Hausmann, Ricardo; Hidalgo, César A.
Fonte: Du Gruyter Publicador: Du Gruyter
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We study the structure of international aid coordination by creating and analyzing a tripartite network of donor organizations, recipient countries and development issues using web-based information. We develop a measure of coordination and find that it is moderate, achieving about 60% of its theoretical maximum. Many countries are strongly connected to organizations that are related to the issues that are salient there. Nevertheless, we identify many countries that are poorly served, issues that are inadequately attended to, and organizations that focus on the wrong combination of places and issues. Our approach may be used to improve decentralized coordination.

Development and Faith : Where Mind, Heart, and Soul Work Together

Marshall, Katherine; Van Saanen, Marisa
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
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45.91%
This book aims to advance the shared understanding that is emerging from a dialogue on global development issues. It takes stock of a decade of exchanges and partnerships that have marked the effort to bridge what were too often diverging worlds. It recognizes the complexity and challenge inherent in dialogue on difficult issues, where conflicting views and areas of uncertainty abound. But it also highlights the wealth of experience gained. This is a book about partnerships between development and faith institutions. It is grounded in our common, abiding resolve to deepen our efforts to combat poverty, and it highlights several areas of shared focus and endeavor. The first section in this book focuses on the MDG framework and diverse faith-based and faith-secular partnerships that are tackling particular MDG dimensions. Chapter 2 discusses broad alliances among faith institutions inspired in good measure by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This chapter highlights the engagement of these institutions in the global MDG mobilization...

Reducing the Transaction Costs of Development Assistance : Ghana’s Multi-Donor Budget Support (MDBS) Experience from 2003 to 2007

Cavalcanti, Carlos
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This paper examines whether the structure of the Multi-Donor Budget Support (MDBS) in Ghana evolved over time to minimize transaction costs commonly found in accessing and delivering development assistance in multi-donor settings. While the MDBS was expected to reduce the transaction costs involved in dealing with multiple development agencies, it created three additional sources of transaction costs: coordination failures, the costs of collective action, and measurement costs. The answer that emerges from this paper is that the structure of the MDBS evolved to mitigate these transaction costs. The problems associated with coordination was addressed by delegating the policy dialogue to sector-specific groups aimed at reaching agreements over a narrower set of issues and amongst a smaller group of participants. Also, the MDBS reduced the cost of collective action by devising rules that allowed all the participating agencies to have a role in the decision-making process, and, in doing so, encouraged these agencies to increase the share of their contribution coming through the MDBS...

International Development Cooperation : Set of Lectures

Bartenev, Vladimir; Glazunova, Elena
Fonte: World Bank, Moscow Publicador: World Bank, Moscow
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This set of lectures is structured in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. It is divided into four parts. Part one examines the theoretical-methodological issues of development studies that remain largely a terra incognita for the Russian audience. The authors deliberately differentiated between two terms, development and international development assistance . The most voluminous Part two examines the key issues pertaining to aid architecture. In the beginning the authors reconstruct the terminological and institutional-legal system in which international development assistance is provided currently, classify the main criteria, forms, and modalities of aid, as well as identify key international development actors. The first introductory lecture is followed by a description of the latest trends in composition and distribution of aid flows with breakdowns by donor group, aid modality, region, country, income group, and sector. There is an analysis of those trends which hinder progress in increasing aid effectiveness. The authors develop the idea that international development assistance is a form of cooperation in which both donors and recipients (regardless of the differences in their motivation...

Population Issues in the 21st Century : The Role of the World Bank

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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The objective of this paper is to discuss some obstacles and opportunities presented by population processes in order to prioritize areas for investment and analytical work as background information for the 2007 HNP Sector Strategy. Within HNP, two areas fall within population: (1) reproductive, maternal, and sexual health issues, and the health services that address them; and (2) levels and trends in births, deaths, and migration that determine population growth and age structure. Many of the aspects of delivery of sexual and reproductive health services are addressed in the overall sector strategy. This paper, therefore, focuses on the determinants and consequences of demographic change, and on policies and interventions that pertain to fertility and family planning. The paper consists of five sections. First, this section defines the scope of population as used in the HNP sector, and the areas that will be considered in this note are specified. This is followed by a description of recent trends in demographic indicators that have created the demographic backdrops for addressing development issues. The third section discusses the role the World Bank can play in population issues and places population within the context of economic growth...

The Projection of Development : Cinematic Representation as An(other) Source of Authoritative Knowledge?

Lewis, David; Rodgers, Dennis; Woolcock, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Popular representations of development need to be taken seriously (though not uncritically) as sources of authoritative knowledge, not least because they are how most people in the global north (and elsewhere) encounter development issues. To this end, this paper presents three clusters of films on development: those providing uniquely instructive insights, those unhelpfully eliding and simplifying complex processes, and those that, with the benefit of historical hindsight, usefully convey a sense of the prevailing assumptions that guided and interpreted the efficacy of interventions (whether of a military, diplomatic or humanitarian nature) at a particular time and place. The authors argue that the commercial and technical imperatives governing the production of contemporary films, and popular films in particular, generate a highly variable capacity to accurately render key issues in development, and thereby heighten their potential to both illuminate and obscure those issues.

Community Development Toolkit : Volume 2. Background Volume

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The Pioneering New Approaches in Support of Sustainable Development in the Extractive Sector project promotes mine development and operation and improves opportunities for the sustainable development of mining communities and regions during all phases of the mining cycle. In part, the project responds to recommendations in "Breaking New Ground," the report of the Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development (MMSD) project (2002), for new approaches to enable governments, industry, and communities to create country-specific frameworks, including community sustainable development plans, that would ultimately reduce conflict, promote cooperation, and enhance the contribution of mineral-related investment to sustainable development. The result is this Community Development Toolkit, which has two main parts: 1) 17 Tools intended for use throughout the project cycle and which cover the assessment, planning, management, and evaluation phases of community development as well as stakeholder relationships; and 2) the Background volume...

Conservation and development issues in northern Australia

Moffatt, Ian (ed.); Webb, Ann (ed.)
Fonte: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University Publicador: North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University
Tipo: Livro
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The chapters included in this edited collection were presented as papers at the North Australia Research Unit annual conference, “Planning for environment change : conservation and development in north Australia”, which was held at the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences in Darwin during September 1991. ¶ The thirty-six papers presented during the three day conference examined conservation and development issues including methodologies for environmental management. While a broad range of issues were raised, paradoxically some themes such as conservation and management of marine resources, cultural resource management and development of alternative energy strategies using renewable energy sources, were not addressed. Nevertheless, the theme of conservation and development is captured in the following chapters which give an indication of current concerns and possible new ways of promoting ecologically sustainable development in Australia’s north.; no

Development Bulletin 66 (2004). People trafficking, human security and development

Fonte: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/ Publicador: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/
Tipo: Other; Published Version Formato: 146 pages
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CONTENTS: EDITOR'S NOTES, page 3. DISCUSSION: Introduction: Human security, people trafficking and development / Pamela Thomas, page 4. FEATURES: DEFINING PEOPLE TRAFFICKING - Strengthening national responses to the crime of trafficking: Obstacles, responsibilities and opportunities / Anne Gallagher, page 8. INTERNATIONAL RESPONSES TO TRAFFICKING - The United Nations and the Global Programme against Trafficking / Burkhard Dammann and Paul Williams, page 13. Discord within consensus: The UN trafficking instruments / Paul Williams, page 18. The trafficking of children: Re-thinking the issues through a human rights lens / Sharon Bessell, page 22. Trafficking, corruption and human rights: Migrant workers caught in the cycle / Kathy Richards, page 27. Combating trafficking in persons through the Bali Process / Caroline Millar, page 32. What do we need to know? Improving the evidence base on trafficking in human beings in the Asia-Pacific region / Toni Makkai and Rob McCusker, page 36. Transnational networking for detection and law enforcement / Shane Wright, page 43. Issues of corruption and crime: Transnational crime syndicates and trafficking / Rob McCusker, page 48. The illicit business of human trafficking: A discussion on demand / Brian Iselin...

Development Bulletin 62 (2003). Population change in Asia and the Pacific

Fonte: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/ Publicador: Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/
Tipo: Other; Published Version Formato: 142 pages
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CONTENTS: EDITOR'S NOTES, page 3. Address to the symposium by the Minister for Foreign Affairs / The Hon Alexander Downer. MP, page 5. FEATURES: Introduction: Population policy implications for Australia regarding the Pacific and Asia / John C Caldwell, page 8. Demographic trends in Southeast Asian countries, 1960-2050 / Peter McDonald, page 12. Population mobility in Asia / Graeme Hugo, page 19. Population changes in East Asia and their major consequences / Zhongwei Zhao, page 26. 'Birds of passage' also in Asia: Women and labour migration from a regional perspective / Nicola Piper, page 30. 'Doomsday' revisited: A perspective on Pacific populations in the early twenty-first century / Richard Bedford, page 34. Population change and prospects in the Pacific Islands / Christine McMurray and Sefuiva Reupena Muagututia, page 39. Family planning in the Pacific region: Getting the basics right / Maggie Kenyon and Jennifer Power, page 45. The environment always matters / Colin Butler, page 51. The implications of population change for Australian development assistance to Asia and the Pacific / Helen Ware, page 56. Urbanisation and migration in China: Some development issues / Yu Zhu, page 61. Towards population and migration policies for poverty reduction / Dang Nguyen Anh...

Australian Development Studies Network Newsletter 8 (1987)

Fonte: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/ Publicador: Australian Development Studies Network; http://www.crawford.anu.edu.au/rmap/
Tipo: Other; Published Version Formato: 23 pages
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CONTENTS: CONFERENCE REPORTS: Rethinking development issues, page 1. Political economy of primary health care in Southeast Asia , page 4. The green revolution in South and Southeast Asia in perspective, page 7. Non-government organization project partner consultation, page 8. Agricultural research, technology and policy for development, page 9. Human rights in the Pacific, page 10. Priorities for peace and development in the Asia-Pacific region, page 11. CURRENT ISSUES: Fiji report, page 11. International trade and developing countries, page 14. NEW CENTRES: Centre for Forestry in Rural Development, page 16. Centre for Pacific Studies, page 17. Center for Pacific-Asia Studies, page 17. Melanesian Studies Resource Centre, page 17. FORTHCOMING CONFERENCES, page 18. RECENT PUBLICATIONS, page 21; ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, Resource Management in Asia Pacific Program; The ADSN Newsletter is the precursor to "Development Bulletin". 12 issues were published

Lao People's Democratic Republic - Investment and Access to Land and Natural Resources : Challenges in Promoting Sustainable Development, A Think Piece (A Basis for Dialogue)

Lao PDR Ministry of Planning and Investment; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
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The aim of this discussion paper is to ascertain the government of Lao's (GoL) current practices in negotiating, awarding, and managing land concessions; enhance GoL understanding and commitments to develop national capacities targeting improved land management, that will generate revenues for GoL, and ensure sustainable development as an urgent priority; and provide a basis for dialogue within the government to enable its determination of priorities to better address land development issues in Laos, to enable the achievement of sustainable, responsible economic development. The paper also examines key issues revolving around the sustainable utilization of land, and the mechanisms, through an examination of GoL s policy statements. The findings are provided, and the report advises that GoL pay special attention to four major points: the availability of adequate and accurate information on which to make decisions on concessions; adequate capacity within GoL agencies to determine, award and monitor/oversee the operation of concessions; and governance over land and natural resources. These points of guidance are expected to contribute towards developing sustainable approaches for land administration and management programs in Lao PDR...

Madagascar : Development Policy Review, Sustaining Growth for Enhanced Poverty Reduction, Volume 1, Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR); Economic & Sector Work
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The country's approach to poverty reduction is outlined in the 2003 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, and draws on a development approach in which growth and poverty reduction are mutually reinforcing. Three areas of focus are identified in the PRSP: (1) restoration of law and improvements in governance; (2) promotion of broad-based growth; and (3) promotion of systems for establishing human and material security. The DPR presents Madagascar's development policy agenda in an integrated framework within which issues of policy consistency, priorities, and sequencing could be addressed. This DPR focuses on growth and growth strategy. It highlights the main structural and institutional impediments to achieving sustained growth and the factors constraining the ability of the poor to participate in economic growth. Emphasis is put on issues and sectors that contribute directly to growth: private sector development issues, including the availability of credit; elements of competitiveness such as infrastructure and education; and issues in sectors considered sources of growth. While the impact of government policy on poverty i s most directly felt through public expenditure and service delivery, these are dealt with in great detail in the accompanying PER...

Madagascar : Development Policy Review, Sustaining Growth for Enhanced Poverty Reduction - Technical annex

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Development Policy Review (DPR); Economic & Sector Work
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The country's approach to poverty reduction is outlined in the 2003 Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, and draws on a development approach in which growth and poverty reduction are mutually reinforcing. Three areas of focus are identified in the PRSP: (1) restoration of law and improvements in governance; (2) promotion of broad-based growth; and (3) promotion of systems for establishing human and material security. The DPR presents Madagascar's development policy agenda in an integrated framework within which issues of policy consistency, priorities, and sequencing could be addressed. This DPR focuses on growth and growth strategy. It highlights the main structural and institutional impediments to achieving sustained growth and the factors constraining the ability of the poor to participate in economic growth. Emphasis is put on issues and sectors that contribute directly to growth: private sector development issues, including the availability of credit; elements of competitiveness such as infrastructure and education; and issues in sectors considered sources of growth. While the impact of government policy on poverty i s most directly felt through public expenditure and service delivery, these are dealt with in great detail in the accompanying PER...

Securing Durable Development in Afghanistan : Policy Notes for the Government

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
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The government of Afghanistan has an opportunity in the coming months to turn the country around. It is now opportune to improve security, governance, and development. Unprecedented international military support, political attention and aid are available to Afghanistan. The government is inheriting years of good economic performance, notable progress on social outcomes, and continuing strong support from the international community. Gross domestic product (GDP) has grown at an average of 12 percent in the last five years with moderate inflation and a stable Afghani. The National Solidarity Program is spurring community-driven rural development in nearly all districts of the country and the large opium economy is in retreat. Significant progress has been achieved in basic education and health. Gender indicators are improving. The government and its development partners have an obligation to seize this opportunity for all Afghans. All donors made an explicit commitment at the London Conference in January 2010 to progressively cede leadership to the Afghan people. The donors agreed to route half of their development aid through the national budget from the current one-fifth in the next two years...

MDGs That Nudge : The Millennium Development Goals, Popular Mobilization, and the Post-2015 Development Framework

Gauri, Varun
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
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The Millennium Development Goals, which expire in 2015, were a global agreement to promote human development and reduce poverty. But they did not create a legalized institutional regime, in which precise obligations would be delegated to specific actors, nor were they, in many respects, compatible with the incentives of the countries whose heads of state endorsed them. They most resembled international human rights treaties, which are also not legally coercive, and which achieve their effects largely through their role in social and political mobilization. But unlike human rights treaties, the Millennium Development Goals' targets and goals were not psychologically, morally, and politically salient. The goals and targets for the proposed second round of Millennium Development Goals should be easier to grasp and embed within them a causal narrative about the causes and remedies of global poverty. Their formulation and implementation should also draw on national institutions and processes, which most people find more persuasive than discussions at the international level. The paper develops these ideas and presents examples for how post-2015 development goals and targets might be presented in ways that are more compelling.

Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development in Africa : Selected Proceedings, Johannesburg, 25-29 September 2000

Development Bank of Southern Africa; African Development Bank; World Bank
Fonte: Johannesburg Publicador: Johannesburg
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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The importance of the monitoring and evaluation (M&E) function within public administration has been magnified by the growing voice of civil society, which has brought the issues of good governance and more effective public administration to the fore. The global trend towards more accountable, responsive and efficient government has bolstered the appeal for M&E capacity development, which has been the central focus of efforts to improve governance in the context of a comprehensive development framework. Evaluation has become increasingly important in Africa owing to stagnant, and negative economic growth rates, together with concerns related to governance, and doubts about the efficacy of development assistance. These are selected proceedings from the seminar and workshop on "Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity Development for Africa" as a follow-up to the regional seminar, to foster networking among M&E practitioners, and to share knowledge on M&E in the context of improved governance, accountability, and effective development delivery...

Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics--Europe 2006 : Securing Development in an Unstable World

Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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The Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE) is one of the world's best-known series of conferences for the presentation and discussion of new knowledge on development. It is an opportunity for many of the world's finest development thinkers to present their ideas. In 1999, in recognition of Europe's pivotal role in the provision of development assistance and to bring the World Bank's research on development into close contact with European perspectives, the World Bank created a distinctively European platform for debate on development issues. The seventh Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics in Europe was held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, May 23-24, 2005. The conference was co-organized by the Government of the Netherlands. The theme of the conference was "Securing Development in an Unstable World." The conference opened with remarks by Jean-François Rischard, the World Bank's Vice President for Europe, and Agnes van Ardenne-van der Hoeven, Minister for Development Cooperation...

Finding Global Balance : Common Ground Between the Worlds of Development and Faith

Marshall, Katherine; Keough, Lucy
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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This book relates the latest chapter in the story of a remarkable partnership between the worlds of faith and development, launched in 1998 by Jim Wolfensohn and then Archbishop of Canterbury, George Carey, when they convened a meeting of faith and development leaders in Lambeth Palace. The intervening years have seen the growth and enhancement of a network of world faith and development leaders who share a common passion to eradicate global poverty, extend social justice and ensure global security for all of the world's people. Periodically this group of leaders gathers together to debate issues of common concern and global significance. The most recent meeting took place in Dublin, Ireland in January 2005. Debates over two days were rich and provocative, examining issues ranging from the recent Asian tsunami, to HIV/AIDS, gender and youth, and the roots of conflict, all viewed through the lens of equity. References to the ethical dimensions of poverty alleviation and the need for a strong moral underpinning as a foundation for equitable and sustainable development lay at the heart of every session. The uniqueness of this partnership is the fresh perspective it offers on critical development issues and the opportunity for faith leaders and development leaders to seek new avenues for collaboration. The book tells the story of this partnership...

Putting Social Development to Work for the Poor : An OED Review of World Bank Activities

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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This book finds that there is a strong positive association between including social development themes and project success. The Bank's social development resources are deployed in ways that are not optimally supportive of its social development goals, however. The study found that the Bank's mission and policy priorities related to social development receive uneven treatment across Regions, and gaps in skills and M&E lead to uneven treatment within countries. To improve development outcomes, the Bank needs to: 1) demonstrate the value of incorporating social development themes in its work to its own staff as well as its borrowers; 2) develop capacity to identify critically needed social knowledge and to facilitate its flow; 3) provide staff with consistent access to essential social information to build social development into project designs and ensure that social development concerns are addressed during implementation (this will likely involve making greater use of in-country capacity); 4) ensure that stated Bank or policy priorities receive adequate treatment across Regions and countries...