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Classification of cerebral palsy: association between gender, age, motor type, topography and Gross Motor Function; Classificação da paralisia cerebral: associação entre gênero, idade, tipo motor, topografia e Função Motora Grossa

PFEIFER, Luzia Iara; SILVA, Daniela Baleroni Rodrigues; FUNAYAMA, Carolina Araújo Rodrigues; SANTOS, Jair Lício
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
The goal of this study was to assess the relation between gender, age, motor type, topography and gross motor function, based on the Gross Motor Function System of children with cerebral palsy. Trunk control, postural changes and gait of one hundred children between 5 months and 12 years old, were evaluated. There were no significant differences between gender and age groups (p=0.887) or between gender and motor type (p=0.731). In relation to body topography most children (88%) were spastic quadriplegic. Most hemiplegics children were rated in motor level I, children with diplegia were rated in motor level III, and quadriplegic children were rated in motor level V. Functional classification is necessary to understand the differences in cerebral palsy and to have the best therapeutic planning since it is a complex disease which depends on several factors.; Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a relação entre gênero, idade, tipo motor, topografia e Função Motora Grossa, baseado no Sistema de Função Motora Grossa em crianças com paralisia cerebral. Participaram desta pesquisa 100 crianças com idade entre 5 meses a 12 anos que foram observadas em relação ao controle de tronco, trocas posturais e marcha. Não houve diferenças significativas entre gêneros e grupos etários (p=0...

Opioides, sexo e gênero; Opioids, sex and gender

PALMEIRA, Cláudia C. de A.; ASHMAWI, Hazem A.; OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, José Oswaldo de; POSSO, Irimar de Paula
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Estudo da Dor
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Sexo é um fator importante na modulação da experiência dolorosa. Evidências significativas têm demonstrado que a experiência à dor difere entre homens e mulheres, bem como na resposta à ativação do sistema opioide e seus efeitos analgésicos. Há evidências que as mulheres têm menor limiar que os homens para alguns estímulos álgicos. Os neurotransmissores opioides e seus receptores estão centralmente envolvidos na resposta ao estresse, na supressão à dor e na ação dos analgésicos opioides. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a relação entre sexo, gênero e sistema opioide e discutir a relevância de um dos aspectos mais intrigantes da fisiologia da dor: a presença da diferença entre sexo e gênero, sistema opioide e as respostas da analgesia por opioides. CONTEÚDO: Uma revisão da literatura sobre opioides, sexo e gênero, cujo objetivo foi mostrar dados atuais sobre a experiência dolorosa entre homens e mulheres, a ativação opioide central e a resposta aos analgésicos opioides. CONCLUSÃO: Os dados disponíveis na literatura, e os trabalhos em andamento indicam que o sexo provavelmente seja responsável pelas diferenças à analgesia opioide em homens e mulheres, mas a direção e a magnitude destas diferenças dependem de variáveis que se interagem. Como fatores importantes que interagem na percepção dolorosa e na resposta analgésica opioide...

Hospitalizations for HIV/AIDS: Differences Between Sexes

NUNES, Altacilio Aparecido; MELO, Igor Mariano de; SILVA, Ana Laura Alves da; REZENDE, Leandro dos Santos de Araujo; GUIMARAES, Paulo Bettero; SILVA-VERGARA, Mario Leon
Fonte: EXCERPTA MEDICA INC-ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: EXCERPTA MEDICA INC-ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
Background: Women are especially vulnerable to HIV infection because of biological, social, cultural, and economic factors. In Brazil, AIDS was initially seen predominantly in homosexual men, but the epidemic gradually reached a gender balance as increasing numbers of women became infected with HIV. Objective: The aim of the present study was to identify the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of hospitalized patients with HIV/AIDS of both sexes and compare the differences between them. Methods: This epidemiologic cross-sectional study evaluated gender differences in demographic, social, clinical, and epidemiologic characteristics of patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS who were admitted for any reason to the Public Hospital of the Medical School of the Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Results: A total of 363 patients were included in the analysis, with a male/female ratio of 1.1:1.0. Forty-one percent of women were pregnant. Mean age at hospitalization and duration of hospitalization were significantly greater among men (P < 0.05). Men and nonpregnant women were admitted because of infection significantly more often than were pregnant women (P < 0.05). Significantly more single men who reported homosexual...

A relação entre gênero e morfologia avaliativa nos nominais do português brasileiro: uma abordagem sintática da formação de palavras; The relation between gender and evaluative morphology in Brazilian Portuguese nominals: a syntactic approach to word formation

Armelin, Paula Roberta Gabbai
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Este trabalho se insere no âmbito dos estudos a respeito da formação de palavras e pretende analisar a estrutura morfossintática de diminutivos e aumentativos do português brasileiro construídos com os formadores -inh/-zinh e -ã/-zã, respectivamente. Mais especificamente, o recorte empírico feito na tese pode ser dividido em duas grandes linhas: uma que aborda a interação entre as marcas de diminutivo e de aumentativo com as marcas de gênero/classe nominal e outra que contempla a (im)possibilidade de que as formações diminutivas e aumentativas sejam não-composicionalmente interpretadas. Para tanto, reanalisamos o estatuto das noções de gênero e classe nominal, propondo que elas ocupam a mesma posição na estrutura sintática. Tal posição é identificada como uma projeção de gênero, que é parte da projeção estendida do nome. Os formadores de diminutivo e aumentativo são analisados com base nas relações que estabelecem com esse núcleo sintático de gênero. A hipótese de base é a de que nuances na relação entre os formadores avaliativos e o núcleo de gênero revelam aspectos significantes da posição estrutural ocupada por cada um deles. Em linhas gerais, propomos que o diminutivo -inh se diferencia dos outros formadores por compartilhar com a raiz o mesmo núcleo de gênero. Essa estrutura é capaz de dar conta...

Classification of cerebral palsy: association between gender, age, motor type, topography and Gross Motor Function

Pfeifer,Luzia Iara; Silva,Daniela Baleroni Rodrigues; Funayama,Carolina Araújo Rodrigues; Santos,Jair Lício
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.82%
The goal of this study was to assess the relation between gender, age, motor type, topography and gross motor function, based on the Gross Motor Function System of children with cerebral palsy. Trunk control, postural changes and gait of one hundred children between 5 months and 12 years old, were evaluated. There were no significant differences between gender and age groups (p=0.887) or between gender and motor type (p=0.731). In relation to body topography most children (88%) were spastic quadriplegic. Most hemiplegics children were rated in motor level I, children with diplegia were rated in motor level III, and quadriplegic children were rated in motor level V. Functional classification is necessary to understand the differences in cerebral palsy and to have the best therapeutic planning since it is a complex disease which depends on several factors.

Bancroftian filariasis in an endemic area of Brazil: differences between genders during puberty

Braga,Cynthia; Dourado,Inês; Ximenes,Ricardo; Miranda,Janaína; Alexander,Neal
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.83%
Gender differences in susceptibility to infectious diseases have been observed in various studies. A survey was performed in a bancroftian filariasis endemic area in the city of Olinda, Brazil. All residents aged 5 years or older were examined by thick blood film. People aged 9 to 16 years were interviewed and also tested for filarial antigenaemia. Data were analyzed by contingency table methods and regression models. The risk of microfilaraemia for males was significantly higher. Among those aged 9 to 16 years, the analysis of gender and filariasis by age showed that boys from 15 to 16 years had a higher risk of infection than girls. No association was found between menarche and filariasis in girls. The data suggest that variations between gender in filariasis could result, at least in part, from an increase in susceptibility of men. This epidemiologic feature needs to be considered while formulating elimination plans.

Effects of Sex and Gender on Adaptation to Space: Neurosensory Systems

Reschke, Millard F.; Cohen, Helen S.; Cerisano, Jody M.; Clayton, Janine A.; Cromwell, Ronita; Danielson, Richard W.; Hwang, Emma Y.; Tingen, Candace; Allen, John R.; Tomko, David L.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Sex and gender differences have long been a research topic of interest, yet few studies have explored the specific differences in neurological responses between men and women during and after spaceflight. Knowledge in this field is limited due to the significant disproportion of sexes enrolled in the astronaut corps. Research indicates that general neurological and sensory differences exist between the sexes, such as those in laterality of amygdala activity, sensitivity and discrimination in vision processing, and neuronal cell death (apoptosis) pathways. In spaceflight, sex differences may include a higher incidence of entry and space motion sickness and of post-flight vestibular instability in female as opposed to male astronauts who flew on both short- and long-duration missions. Hearing and auditory function in crewmembers shows the expected hearing threshold differences between men and women, in which female astronauts exhibit better hearing thresholds. Longitudinal observations of hearing thresholds for crewmembers yield normal age-related decrements; however, no evidence of sex-related differences from spaceflight has been observed. The impact of sex and gender differences should be studied by making spaceflight accessible and flying more women into space. Only in this way will we know if increasingly longer-duration missions cause significantly different neurophysiological responses in men and women.

Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus : A Macro-Micro Approach

Bussolo, Maurizio; De Hoyos, Rafael E.
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
This report is on the findings of a major international research project examining the links between trade, gender, and poverty. Trade liberalization can create economic opportunities, but women and men cannot take advantage of these opportunities on an equal basis. Women and men differ in their endowments, control over resources, access to labor markets, and their roles within the household. It may seem obvious that gender differences play an important role in transmitting the effects of trade expansion to poverty, especially in less developed countries, where gender inequality is usually more pronounced. Although the literature includes numerous analyses on the links between trade and poverty and between gender inequality and poverty, it seems not to have combined these two sets of studies in a consistent empirical framework. The main objective for the research project documented in this book was to fill, at least in part, this gap in the literature. This report describes the simplest conceptual framework that can be used to analyze the linkages between trade and poverty through gender. It includes two parts. The first, based on standard international trade models, considers the linkages between trade and gender. The second, based mainly on the microeconomic models of household behavior...

Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development

Klasen, Stephan
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Using cross-country and panel regressions, this article investigates how gender inequality in education affects long-term economic growth. Such inequality is found to have an effect on economic growth that is robust to changes in specifications and controls for potential endogeneities. The results suggest that gender inequality in education directly affects economic growth by lowering the average level of human capital. In addition, growth is indirectly affected through the impact of gender inequality on investment and population growth. Some 0.4-0.9 percentage points of differences in annual per capita growth rates between East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East can be accounted for by differences in gender gaps in education between these regions.

The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: establishing invariance between gender across the lifespan in a large community based study

Liu, D.W.; Fairweather-Schmidt, A.K.; Burns, R.A.; Roberts, R.M.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.79%
Objective The current study sought to examine the measurement invariance of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) between gender across the lifespan. Methods Data was drawn from three cohorts (aged 28–32, 48–52 and 68–72 years), who had participated in the PATH study from Canberra, Australia. Results Whilst some gender and age differences on item means and variances were reported, measurement invariance of a single CD-RISC factor between gender across the lifespan was mostly supported. Discussion Overall, a single CD-RISC factor was found to be invariant across the lifespan and between gender. Consequently, within an Australian community setting, the CD-RISC can generally be utilised across age and gender.; Danica W. Y. Liu, A. Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Richard A. Burns, Rachel M. Roberts

Promoting Value Beliefs in Mathematics: A Multidimensional Perspective and the Role of Gender

Gaspard, Hanna
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Students’ value beliefs for subjects such as mathematics are important predictors for their course and career choices (Wigfield, Tonks, & Klauda, 2009). Fostering students’ value beliefs for mathematics in school is one way to address the leaking pipeline towards science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) because mathematics can be seen as a gatekeeper for STEM careers. As females are underrepresented in many STEM disciplines compared to males and tend to show lower motivation in related subjects, they are a particular target group for motivational interventions in STEM. Previous intervention studies have shown that helping students understand the value of the course material can be an effective tool to promote motivation, achievement, and course choices in mathematics and sciences (e.g., Hulleman & Harackiewicz, 2009). However, a number of questions with regards to the effects of such interventions still remain unanswered. The three empirical studies that were conducted within this dissertation address some of these questions. Specifically, the dissertation closely examines (a) the effectiveness of value interventions from a multidimensional perspective on value beliefs and (b) the role of gender for value beliefs in mathematics and how gender differences in these beliefs are affected through value interventions. Each of the three studies used data from an intervention project that aimed to promote ninth grade students’ value beliefs for mathematics. Within a cluster randomized trial...

Gender in Bolivian Production : Reducing Differences in Formality and Productivity of Firms

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
A main goal of this study is to determine the variables responsible for the lower formality of women-owned businesses. The companion study (the World Bank 2007a) shows that Bolivia's informal sector is the largest in Latin America by many definitions and measures. It also provides a rationale for promoting formality given the many negative effects of a high rate of informality. These negative effects include a lower growth potential as informal firms tend to be less productive owing to limited access to physical, financial, and human capital, and a smaller scale of operations; negative fiscal impacts as informal firms "free ride" on services provided with fiscal resources; and negative social externalities, including weaker rule of law and public institutions, increased corruption, and weakened ability to enforce contracts. A second goal of this study is to identify gender-based productivity constraints that hinder the growth of female-owned businesses. First, author's analysis of the impact of formality on profitability shows that the gains of formalization for most female-owned businesses increase as the firms grow. Second...

Gender and Poverty : A Life Cycle Approach to the Analysis of the Differences in Gender Outcomes

Lokshin, Michael; Mroz, Thomas A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
The authors study complex interactions between gender and poverty in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina. The goal of their analysis is to uncover how a spectrum of gender differentials at different parts of the life cycle varies across income groups. Using the data from the 2001 Bosnia and Herzegovina Living Standards Measurement Study, the authors find strong gender-poverty interaction in the patterns of labor force participation, gender gap in earnings, individuals' school finances, and school attendance. The main source of gender inequality seems to come from differences in investments in girls' and boys' educations that increase with declines in income levels. Short-term income shocks could lead to long-term increases in gender inequality in households with school age children, unless there is ready access to credit markets. The authors also find that the magnitude of the impact of economic development on gender differences in Bosnia will depend on where the growth is concentrated. If the poor capture at least some benefits of economic growth...

Percepções de professores/as sobre as diferenças de género na educação em sexualidade em escolas portuguesas; Teachers’ perceptions on gender differences in sexuality education in Portuguese schools; Percepciones de profesores/as sobre las diferencias de género en la educación en sexualidad en escuelas portuguesas

Vilaça, Teresa
Fonte: Departamento de Educação - IB - UNESP/Campus de Rio Claro Publicador: Departamento de Educação - IB - UNESP/Campus de Rio Claro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Argumenta-se que de acordo com as percepções dos/as professores/as os/as estudantes usam ativamente o material de educação em sexualidade (ES), bem como os aspetos da vida na escola, como recursos simbólicos para construir a sua identidade de género e as suas relações de poder. Neste sentido, aplicou-se uma entrevista semiestruturada a uma amostra intencional de professores/as, que lecionam entre o 7º e o 12º anos de escolaridade e já desenvolveram projetos ou atividades de ES (N=87), para focar, entre outros aspetos, as suas percepções sobre as características de género que afetam a resposta dos/as estudantes na ES, visando conhecer as suas percepções sobre: i) diferenças de género nas reações aos temas/problemas da ES; ii) natureza das interações de género durante a ES. De acordo com o discurso da maior parte dos/as professores/as, durante a ES os rapazes tentaram demostrar a sua masculinidade mostrando-se diferentes das raparigas e distanciando-se de todos os assuntos relacionados com a sexualidade das mulheres, desvalorizando e afastando-se de tudo o que é feminino o que envolveu, por vezes, depreciar e insultar as raparigas. As alunas reagiram positivamente porque a ES mantém e apoia o seu sentido de identidade de género e o que os códigos de género prescrevem para elas. Estes resultados revelam que é essencial trabalhar na formação de professores/as a relação entre género...

Sex-related similarities and differences in the neural correlates of beauty

Cela Conde, Camilo J.; Ayala, Francisco J.; Munar, Enric; Maestú, Fernando; Nadal, Marcos; Capó, Miguel A.; Río, David del; López-Ibor, Juan J.; Ortiz, Tomás; Mirasso, Claudio R.; Marty, Gisèle
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) Publicador: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 21442 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
6 pages, 3 figures.-- Article in press.; The capacity to appreciate beauty is one of our species' most remarkable traits. Although knowledge about its neural correlates is growing, little is known about any gender-related differences. We have explored possible differences between men and women's neural correlates of aesthetic preference. We have used magnetoencephalography to record the brain activity of 10 male and 10 female participants while they decided whether or not they considered examples of artistic and natural visual stimuli to be beautiful. Our results reveal significantly different activity between the sexes in parietal regions when participants judged the stimuli as beautiful. Activity in this region was bilateral in women, whereas it was lateralized to the right hemisphere in men. It is known that the dorsal visual processing stream, which encompasses the superior parietal areas, has been significantly modified throughout human evolution. We posit that the observed gender-related differences are the result of evolutionary processes that occurred after the splitting of the human and chimpanzee lineages. In view of previous results on gender differences with respect to the neural correlates of coordinate and categorical spatial strategies...

Sex/Gender Differences and Autism: Setting the Scene for Future Research

Lai, Meng-Chuan; Lombardo, Michael V.; Auyeung, Bonnie; Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Baron-Cohen, Simon
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
This is the final published version. It first appeared at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890856714007254#.; Objective: The relationship between sex/gender differences and autism has attracted a variety of research ranging from clinical and neurobiological to etiological, stimulated by the male bias in autism prevalence. Findings are complex and do not always relate to each other in a straightforward manner. Distinct but interlinked questions on the relationship between sex/gender differences and autism remain underaddressed. To better understand the implications from existing research and to help design future studies, we propose a 4-level conceptual framework to clarify the embedded themes. Method: We searched PubMed for publications before September 2014 using search terms ??sex OR gender OR females? AND autism.? A total of 1,906 articles were screened for relevance, along with publications identified via additional literature reviews, resulting in 329 articles that were reviewed. Results: Level 1, ?Nosological and diagnostic challenges,? concerns the question, ?How should autism be defined and diagnosed in males and females?? Level 2, ?Sex/gender-independent and sex/gender-dependent characteristics...

Diferenças de gênero e valores relativos ao trabalho; Diferencias de género y valores relativos al trabajo; Differences of gender and work-related values

Silva, Margareth Ribeiro Machado Santos e; Mendonça, Helenides; Zanini, Daniela Sacramento
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
Este estudo investiga as diferenças no estabelecimento das prioridades axiológicas laborais e a satisfação das metas motivacionais relacionadas ao trabalho em relação ao gênero. Participaram 178 universitários de diversos cursos que responderam os instrumentos de forma coletiva e presencial em sala de aula. Como medida utilizou-se duas escalas de valores relativos ao trabalho: uma sobre prioridade atribuída a metas motivacionais (alphas entre 0,81 e 0,88) e outra sobre a satisfação de tais metas (alphas entre 0,86 e 0,95). Os dados analisados, utilizando-se da técnica estatística ANOVA, demonstraram que as mulheres priorizam valores laborais de autonomia intelectual e criatividade; e priorizam, mais que os homens, segurança e ordem na vida. Não foram identificadas diferenças significativas entre gênero e satisfação dos valores laborais. Esses resultados são discutidos ressaltando-se a idéia de uma caracterização específica de gênero no mundo do trabalho, possibilitando a convivência com princípios e metas motivacionais paradoxais.; Este estudio investiga las diferencias entre los valores de trabajo y la satisfacción de las metas motivacionales relacionadas al trabajo en relación al género. Participaron 178 universitarios de diversas carreras que contestaron los instrumentos de forma colectiva y presencial en su aula. Como medida se utilizó dos escalas de valores relativos al trabajo: una sobre la prioridad atribuida a metas motivacionales y otra que investiga la satisfacción de estas metas (alphas entre 0...

Gender, Loneliness, and Friendship Satisfaction in Early Adulthood: The Role of Friendship Features and Friendship Expectations

Weeks, Molly Stroud
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%

Three studies focus on an intriguing paradox in the associations between gender, friendship quality, and loneliness, and examine whether gender differences in friendship expectations help explain why the paradox occurs. Study 1 (n = 1761 college undergraduates) documents the three elements of this paradox: (1) females reported higher levels of various positive features in their friendships than did males; (2) higher levels of positive friendship features were associated with lower levels of loneliness; and (3) males and females reported similar levels of loneliness. Consistent with this paradox, when friendship features were statistically controlled, a statistical suppression effect was found such that females reported higher levels of loneliness than did males.

Study 2 (n = 1008 young adults aged 18 to 29) replicated each of the findings from Study 1 using a revised and expanded measure that reliably assessed a broader set of distinct friendship features. In addition to measuring friendship features and loneliness, Study 2 also examined friendship satisfaction, and here too a striking suppression effect emerged. Specifically, although females reported slightly higher levels of friendship satisfaction than did males...

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gender differences

Carducci, Christina A.
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Few studies investigate gender differences concerning Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Hinshaw, 2002). Further, studies that examine self-report ratings of ADHD in females are lacking. Self-reports are crucial to identifying ADHD in females who have been found to have more internalizing symptoms of ADHD (Quinn, 2005). Current models suggest that executive function, rather than attention, is the core deficit of ADHD and that it may serve as a neurobehavioral domain that differentiates individuals with ADHD based on subtype and gender (Wodka et al., 2008). This study examined gender differences on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning- Adult Version (BRIEF-A) between fifty two undergraduate college students who self-reported to have ADHD. Analysis of variance (One way ANOVA) were conducted to determine significant differences between male and female self report ratings on the BRIEF-A. Results indicated that there were no significant differences between males and females on the BRIEF-A. These results were similar to previous literature which indicates that the presentation of ADHD in females is more similar than different from the presentation of ADHD in males (Rucklidge, 2008).

Gender differences in response to war stress in hospital personnel: Does profession matter? A preliminary study

Essar,Nir; Ben-Ezra,Menachem; Langer,Shai; Palgi,Yuval
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Background and Objectives: To study gender differences and the impact of trauma on hospital personnel during war. In addition, to test the relationship between gender and PTSD symptoms via mediation model. Methods: A random sample of physicians, nurses and administrative staff (n = 106) that were assessed for demographics, and PTSD symptoms a month after the war between Lebanon and Israel erupted. Results: Women had higher IES-R scores in comparison to men (25.27 vs. 16.18). Gender differences were reduced when accounted for profession. In each profession, no significant gender differences were found. The results of the mediation model showed significant mediation by profession and education. Conclusions: These results may suggest that gender differences in response to traumatic events may not be explained by exposure per se, but rather may result from various possible factors such as profession, education and control over the situation. The results warrant further longitudinal study.