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Adolescência, drogadição e políticas públicas: recortes no contemporâneo; Adolescence, drug-addiction and public policies: contemporary scenarios

RAUPP, Luciane; MILNITSKY-SAPIRO, Clary
Fonte: PPG em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: PPG em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.19%
O abuso de drogas por adolescentes é, atualmente, um grave problema de saúde pública, com consequências potencialmente danosas à sua condição peculiar de pessoa em desenvolvimento. Visando aprofundar essa questão, este trabalho investigou três instituições que recebem adolescentes usuários de drogas para tratamento. Buscou-se compreender as concepções que norteiam as práticas de tratamento nesses serviços, assim como as formas pelas quais as principais políticas públicas que prescrevem o campo estão (ou não) presentes nesses locais. A descrição etnográfica foi utilizada como método de investigação, seguida da análise de conteúdo dos diálogos informais, consultas documentais e entrevistas realizadas com profissionais e adolescentes nos locais pesquisados. Os resultados apontam uma defasagem entre o que é prescrito pelas políticas e a realidade dos serviços, ressaltando a importância de intervenções que considerem as peculiaridades da adolescência, assim como a singularidade de cada sujeito.; At the present time, drug abuse by adolescents is considered to be a serious public health issue, with potentially harmful consequences for the "peculiar conditions of a person in development". The present work aims to investigate three public institutions that accept adolescents for drug abuse treatment. The findings were compared to the adopted public policies that serve as justification for the conception of these services and investigate whether these policies practice what they preach. The Ethnographic Description was used as the method of investigation...

Caracterização dos serviços que atendem adolescentes: interfaces entre saúde mental e drogadição; Characterization of adolescents assistance services: interface of mental health and drug addiction

ARECO, Nichollas Martins; CAMILA ALESSANDRA, Matias; SILVA, Rosalina Carvalho da; SIMON, Cristiane Paulin
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Social
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
A relação entre Estado e atendimento às demandas dos adolescentes sofreram mudanças históricas, tendo como importante marco a criação do Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA). Analisamos, com enfoque qualitativo, como os serviços de saúde mental e drogadição de um município do Estado de São Paulo compreendem a demanda dos adolescentes em situação de vulnerabilidade social. As cinco instituições participantes informaram, por meio de questionários, as características dos serviços oferecidos e sua aproximação com a população atendida. Identificamos a fragmentação entre as ações públicas, havendo ora sobreposição de serviços, ora ausência desses, além do distanciamento das necessidades dos adolescentes, o que impossibilita que essas ações ofereçam elementos para que esse público mantenha uma relação positiva frente aos elementos vulnerabilizantes; The relationship between the State and the demands of the adolescents has historically changed, having as a landmark the establishment of "Child and Adolescent Statute" (ECA). We have analyzed under the scope of qualitative research how mental health services and drug addiction of a city of São Paulo State comprehended the demands of adolescents under social vulnerability. The five participating institutions in this study have reported through questionnaires the characteristics of their services and how they approach the population served. We identified the fragmentation of public actions...

Adicção a drogas e funcionamentos limites: suas expressões e convergências no Rorschach; Drug Addiction and Borderline Personality: their expressions and convergences at Rorschach

Kallas, Renata Galves Merino
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/10/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
A adicção a drogas caracteriza-se pelo recurso a uma substância, à qual se atribui o poder de funcionar como o único meio capaz de trazer alívio aos estados de angústia vividos internamente. Não há consenso com relação à reunião dos pacientes dependentes químicos em uma estrutura especificamente adictiva, mas o que se percebe é que, apesar de haver casos com funcionamentos diversos, naqueles em que as drogas assumem status de único caminho possível ao alívio do sofrimento interno, a dinâmica psíquica aproxima-se daquela exibida nos funcionamentos limites da personalidade. Assim, decidiu-se investigar a dinâmica psíquica de 20 jovens adictos a cocaína e/ou crack, pacientes de um CAPS ad II de um município da Grande São Paulo, por meio do Método de Rorschach, buscando identificar em que medida esta dinâmica assemelha-se à caracterização dos funcionamentos limites da personalidade, encontrada na literatura específica de orientação psicanalítica. Foi realizada uma análise qualitativa de cada um dos protocolos de Rorschach, segundo a estrutura proposta por Chabert (2000), em seu estudo sobre os funcionamentos limites da personalidade. Este estudo envolve a análise das modalidades de relação com o clínico; da representação de si; das representações de relações; e da organização defensiva. Realizou-se uma análise comparativa dos resultados do grupo em cada uma dessas categorias. Além disso...

Monitorização dos resultados terapêuticos no contexto de tratamento das toxicodependências; Therapy outcome monitoring in drug addction treatment

Machado, Paulo P. P.; Klein, John M.; Farate, Carlos
Fonte: Centro de Investigação em Psicologia da Universidade do Minho Publicador: Centro de Investigação em Psicologia da Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
A proliferação de abordagens terapêuticas tem fornecido pouca evidência empírica sobre a eficácia de tais intervenções nos contextos clínicos, para além dos relatos dos clínicos e pacientes. O presente artigo apresenta um projecto de investigação que procura monitorizar os resultados e a gestão em psicoterapia numa unidade de tratamento de toxicodependências — o CAT Oriental do Porto. Este projecto rege-se por dois objectivos centrais: (1) realização de avaliação “naturalista” dos procedimentos de tratamento em saúde mental como é implementada no contexto de tratamento; (2) criação de um instrumento (software para gestão clínica) que torne acessível os resultados da investigação aos clínicos. Assim, o projecto procura fornecer uma base empírica para a tomada de decisão clínica e validar empiricamente os procedimentos psicoterapêuticos.; The proliferation of psychotherapeutic approaches have provided little evidence, apart from the client and clinician testimonials, to demonstrate the effectiveness of such interventions in clinical settings. The present paper presents a research project which monitore the outcome and service management in psychotherapy in a drug addiction unit – CAT Oriental of Oporto. This project has two general aims: (1) undergoing a “naturalistic” evaluation of mental health treatment procedures as they are implemented in the treatment setting; (2) create a tool (computer clinical management software) for making research data available for clinicians. Thus...

Drug dependence and psychological distress in Portuguese patients entering a substance abuse treatment center

Machado, Paulo P. P.; Klein, John M.
Fonte: AEPC Publicador: AEPC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
In the current state of art of drug dependence treatment programs, psychopathological features seem to be associated with negative therapeutic outcome. Drug abuse and especially drug dependence are complex disorders that include cognitive, behavioral and physiologic signs and symptoms. The wide spectrum of symptoms that characterize these disorders are responsible for clinical heterogeneity in terms of clinical presentation, severity, vulnerability, sequelae, and comorbidity which by itself accounts for great suffering and need for help in several areas. Assessment of both drug abuse and psychological distress constitutes a major challenge for professionals working with drug addicts. In the present descriptive study we tried to explore some key characteristics of individuals with a drug addiction when starting a treatment program. A total of 107 participants visiting a large metropolitan Portuguese addiction treatment center participated in this study, 90.7% were male, aged between 22 and 55 years (M = 34.84, SD = 6.44). The results indicate the existence of some relationships between severity of drug addiction and psychopathological symptoms; En el contexto de la situación actual de los programas de tratamiento de las toxiocodependencias...

Cumulative Vulnerability: A Case Study on intrafamilial violence, Drug Addiction and Adolescent Pregnancy

Miura,Paula Orchiucci; Passarini,Gislaine Martins Ricardo; Ferreira,Loraine Seixas; Paixão,Rui Alexandre Paquete; Tardivo,Leila Salomão de La Plata Cury; Barrientos,Dora Mariela Salcedo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
A pregnant adolescent’s vulnerability increases when she is a victim of intrafamilial violence and drug addiction, which cause physical and biopsychosocial damage to the mother and her baby. Objective Present and analyze the case of an adolescent who is addicted to drugs, pregnant and the victim of lifelong intrafamilial violence. Method A case study based on a semi-structured interview conducted in the Obstetrics Emergency Unit at the Teaching Hospital of the University of São Paulo. The data were interpreted and analyzed using Content Analysis. Results intrafamilial violence experienced at the beginning of the adolescent’s early relationships seriously affected her emotional maturity, triggering the development of psychopathologies and leaving her more susceptible to the use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs. The adolescent is repeating her history with her daughter, reproducing the cycle of violence. Conclusion Adolescent pregnancy combined with intrafamilial violence and drug addiction and multiplies the adolescent’s psychosocial vulnerability increased the adolescent’s vulnerability.

Behavioral Perspectives on the Neuroscience of Drug Addiction

Winger, Gail; Woods, James H; Galuska, Chad M; Wade-Galuska, Tammy
Fonte: Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc. Publicador: Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Neuroscientific approaches to drug addiction traditionally have been based on the premise that addiction is a process that results from brain changes that in turn result from chronic administration of drugs of abuse. An alternative approach views drug addiction as a behavioral disorder in which drugs function as preeminent reinforcers. Although there is a fundamental discrepancy between these two approaches, the emerging neuroscience of reinforcement and choice behavior eventually may shed light on the brain mechanisms involved in excessive drug use. Behavioral scientists could assist in this understanding by devoting more attention to the assessment of differences in the reinforcing strength of drugs and by attempting to develop and validate behavioral models of addiction.

Dynorphin and the Pathophysiology of Drug Addiction

Shippenberg, T.S.; Zapata, A.; Chefer, V.I.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.51%
Drug addiction is a chronic relapsing disease in which drug administration becomes the primary stimulus that drives behavior regardless of the adverse consequence that may ensue. As drug use becomes more compulsive, motivation for natural rewards that normally drive behavior decreases. The discontinuation of drug use is associated with somatic signs of withdrawal, dysphoria, anxiety and anhedonia. These consequences of drug use are thought to contribute to the maintenance of drug use and to the reinstatement of compulsive drug use that occurs during the early phase of abstinence. Even, however, after prolonged periods of abstinence, 80-90% of human addicts relapse to addiction suggesting that repeated drug use produces enduring changes in brain circuits that subserve incentive motivation and stimulus-response (habit) learning. A major goal of addiction research is the identification of the neural mechanisms by which drugs of abuse produce these effects. This article will review data showing that the dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system serves an essential function in opposing alterations in behavior and brain neurochemistry that occur as a consequence of repeated drug use and that aberrant activity of this system may not only contribute to the dysregulation of behavior that characterizes addiction but to individual differences in vulnerability to the pharmacological actions of cocaine and alcohol. We will provide evidence that the repeated administration of cocaine and alcohol up-regulates the dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system and that pharmacological treatments that target this system may prove effective in the treatment of drug addiction.

What have positron emission tomography and ‘Zippy’ told us about the neuropharmacology of drug addiction?

Cumming, Paul; Caprioli, Daniele; Dalley, Jeffrey W
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.5%
Translational molecular imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) and allied technologies offer unrivalled applications in the discovery of biomarkers and aetiological mechanisms relevant to human disease. Foremost among clinical PET findings during the past two decades of addiction research is the seminal discovery of reduced dopamine D2/3 receptor expression in the striatum of drug addicts, which could indicate a predisposing factor and/or compensatory reaction to the chronic abuse of stimulant drugs. In parallel, recent years have witnessed significant improvements in the performance of small animal tomographs (microPET) and a refinement of animal models of addiction based on clinically relevant diagnostic criteria. This review surveys the utility of PET in the elucidation of neuropharmacological mechanisms underlying drug addiction. It considers the consequences of chronic drug exposure on regional brain metabolism and neurotransmitter function and identifies those areas where further research is needed, especially concerning the implementation of PET tracers targeting neurotransmitter systems other than dopamine, which increasingly have been implicated in the pathophysiology of drug addiction. In addition, this review considers the causal effects of behavioural traits such as impulsivity and novelty/sensation-seeking on the emergence of compulsive drug-taking. Previous research indicates that spontaneously high-impulsive rats – as exemplified by ‘Zippy’– are pre-disposed to escalate intravenous cocaine self-administration...

The role of environmental context in the vulnerability to relapse into heroin and cocaine addiction: a pre-clinical investigation

MONTANARI, CHRISTIAN
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
Background: We have recently observed an unforeseen dissociation in the effect of environmental context on cocaine versus heroin self-administration (SA) in rats. Rats that were transferred to the SA chambers only for the test sessions (Non Residents) took more cocaine than rats housed in the SA chambers (Residents). The contrary was found for heroin. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of context on the ability of different doses of cocaine and heroin priming to reinstate cocaine- vs. heroin-seeking in rats that had been trained to self-administer both drugs and had then extinguished lever pressing behavior. Methods: Resident (N=65) and Non-Resident (N=64) rats with double-lumen intra-jugular catheters were trained to self-administer cocaine (400 μg/kg/infusion) and heroin (25 μg/kg/infusion) on alternate days for 10 consecutive days (3 hours/session/day). After extinction of lever pressing behavior, independent groups of rats were given a non-contingent intra-venous (i.v.) infusion of heroin (25, 50, or 100 μg/kg) or cocaine (400, 800, or 1600 μg/kg) and drug seeking was quantified by counting non-reinforced lever presses. Results: All Resident and Non-Resident rats acquired heroin and cocaine SA and extinguished lever pressing behavior for both drugs. When given cocaine primings only Non Resident rats exhibited reinstatement of cocaine-seeking and...

The Drug Treatment Court Concept : The Jamaican Drug Courts

Haisley, Stephane Jackson
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%
The Drug Treatment Court (DTC) model was conceived out of the need to solve the numerous and intractable problems that drug related cases create for court systems. A DTC is generally seen as a court that deals specifically with offenders who have committed offenses while under the influence of drugs and provides an alternative to incarceration. DTCs make use of a multidisciplinary team involving judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, probation officers, treatment providers, police officers, and educational and vocational experts. The criminal justice and health service systems join to provide drug-dependent offenders with the mechanisms to recover from drug addiction and lead a productive and crime-free life. The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of DTCs. After providing an overview of the origins of the DTC, looking at its roots in the United States and Canada, the paper examines the foundation and present-day experiences of DTCs in Jamaica. It also refers to some efforts among various countries in the Western Hemisphere to monitor DTCs and evaluate their effectiveness. The paper concludes with a return to the achievements of DTCs in Jamaica and a brief look at the future of the DTC program worldwide.

Magnetic Nanoparticle-based Targeted Drug Delivery for Treatment of Neuro-AIDS and Drug Addiction

Sagar, Vidya
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.33%
Brain is one of the safe sanctuaries for HIV and, in turn, continuously supplies active viruses to the periphery. Additionally, HIV infection in brain results in several mild-to-severe neuro-immunological complications termed neuroAIDS. One-tenth of HIV-infected population is addicted to recreational drugs such as opiates, alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, etc. which share common target-areas in the brain with HIV. Interestingly, intensity of neuropathogenesis is remarkably enhanced due to exposure of recreational drugs during HIV infection. Current treatments to alleviate either the individual or synergistic effects of abusive drugs and HIV on neuronal modulations are less effective at CNS level, basically due to impermeability of therapeutic molecules across blood-brain barrier (BBB). Despite exciting advancement of nanotechnology in drug delivery, existing nanovehicles such as dendrimers, polymers, micelles, etc. suffer from the lack of adequate BBB penetrability before the drugs are engulfed by the reticuloendothelial system cells as well as the uncertainty that if and when the nanocarrier reaches the brain. Therefore, in order to develop a fast, target-specific, safe, and effective approach for brain delivery of anti-addiction, anti-viral and neuroprotective drugs...

Drug addiction

Wang, X.; Cochran, T.A.; Hutchinson, M.R.; Yin, H.; Watkins, L.R.
Fonte: Springer New York Publicador: Springer New York
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
Drug addiction is a pervasive worldwide problem characterized by compulsive drug use that continues despite negative consequences and treatment attempts. Historically, the biological basis of drug addiction has focused principally on neuronal activity. However, despite their pivotal role in the underlying pathology of drug addiction, neurons are not the only central nervous system (CNS) component involved. The role of additional cell types, especially the CNS immunocompetent microglial cells, in the development of tolerance and related neuroplastic changes during drug taking, addiction, and withdrawal is also emerging. Within this perspective, this chapter reviews the roles of microglial cells in several aspects of drug addiction and its behavioural consequences, including reward, tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal. The cellular and molecular mechanisms which are particularly recruited will be emphasized. Lastly, we will also summarize the development of pharmacological modulators of microglial activation that offer novel treatment strategies and highlight the need to better understand the roles of microglia in the context of drug addiction.; Xiaohui Wang, Thomas A. Cochran, Mark R. Hutchinson, Hang Yin, and Linda R. Watkins

How fast and how often: the pharmacokinetics of drug use are decisive in addiction

Allain, Florence; Minogianis, Ellie-Anna; Roberts, David C.S.; Samaha, Anne-Noël
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.56%
How much, how often and how fast a drug reaches the brain determine the behavioural and neuroplastic changes associated with the addiction process. Despite the critical nature of these variables, the drug addiction field often ignores pharmacokinetic issues, which we argue can lead to false conclusions. First, we review the clinical data demonstrating the importance of the speed of drug onset and of intermittent patterns of drug intake in psychostimulant drug addiction. This is followed by a review of the preclinical literature demonstrating that pharmacokinetic variables play a decisive role in determining behavioural and neurobiological outcomes in animal models of addiction. This literature includes recent data highlighting the importance of intermittent, ‘spiking’ brain levels of drug in producing an increase in the motivation to take drug over time. Rapid drug onset and intermittent drug exposure both appear to push the addiction process forward most effectively. This has significant implications for refining animal models of addiction and for better understanding the neuroadaptations that are critical for the disorder.

Pre- and post-nicotine circadian activity episodes are differentially affected by pharmacological treatments for drug addiction

Gillman, Andrea Grace
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Neuroscience, 2010; Nicotine and other drugs of abuse can act as zeitgebers and entrain persisting circadian activity episodes when administered on a 24-hour schedule. There are two types of drug-induced circadian activity episodes: a pre-drug anticipatory episode characterized by a rise in activity beginning 1-2 hours prior to the drug administration time that is not linked to any predictive environmental cue, and a post-drug evoked episode that lasts for approximately the duration of the drug's physiological half-life. The present research examined how pharmacological treatments prescribed for nicotine and other substance addictions affected pre- and post-nicotine activity episodes in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats housed in wheel boxes under constant light and rate-limited feeding. For 16 consecutive days, the rats were administered a subcutaneous "zeitgeber" injection of either nicotine or saline on a 24-hour schedule to establish pre- and post-administration activity episodes. The rats were then were administered one of nine treatment conditions in place of the zeitgeber injection for two consecutive days. The treatment conditions were No Treatment, Saline Treatment, Varenicline, Mecamylamine...

Simulação dinamica computacional de dependencia de drogas por meio de redes neurais artificiais : uma abordagem sintetica; Dynamic computer simulation of drug addiction by means of artificial neural networks : a synthetic approach

Gesivaldo Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
Dependência de drogas pode ser caracterizada pela perda do controle em evitar o consumo excessivo da droga e por sua busca compulsiva. Neste trabalho desenvolvemos um simulador com objetivo de recriar um paciente virtual em diferentes estágios de dependência e avaliar o uso do software como potencial ferramenta pedagógica no ensino de fisiologia. Utilizamos uma abordagem conexionista baseada em Redes neurais artificiais e máquinas de estado. O software e foi desenvolvido em linguagem de programação Delphi 5 da Borland e conta com uma interface gráfica amigável e recursos hipermídia. Os testes de validação do modelo foram conduzidos simulando-se diferentes cenários de dependência atamentos. A análise de variância, entre grupo controle (estado de compulsão) e um fator de três níveis (dosagem medicamentosa e número de sessões psicoterapêuticas), revelou remissão significativa do estado de compulsão (p < 0,01)para todos os tratamentos aplicados a partir de doses e quantidades médias. Para avaliar a aplicabilidade do modelo, o programa foi aplicado em turmas de graduação do segundo o período dos cursos das áreas de saúde e ciências biológicas da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, sendo avaliado por meio de escalas adaptadas para sistemas fuzzy...

How preclinical models evolved to resemble the diagnostic criteria of drug addiction

Belin-Rauscent, Aude; Fouyssac, Maxime; Bonci, Antonello; Belin, David
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; accepted version
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.53%
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.01.004; Drug addiction is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder that affects a subset of the individuals who take drugs. It is characterized by maladaptive drug-seeking habits that are maintained despite adverse consequences and intense drug craving. Despite extensive research, the pathophysiology and aetiology of addiction is only partially understood, due to the gap between current preclinical models of addiction and the clinical criteria of the disorder. Here we give a brief overview, based on selected methodologies, of how behavioral models have evolved over the last fifty years to the development of recent preclinical models of addiction that more closely mimic diagnostic criteria of addiction. These new models will hopefully increase our understanding of the complex neurobiological mechanisms whereby some individuals switch from controlled drug use to compulsive drug-seeking habits and relapse to these maladaptive habits. Additional, by paving the way to bridge the gap that exists between biobehavioral research on addiction and the human situation, these models may provide new perspectives for the development of novel and effective therapeutic strategies for drug addiction.

Race and medicalization of drug addiction: an analysis of documentary films

Scott, Brittany
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.55%
Tammy Anderson; The purpose of our research is to investigate the relationship between medicalization and explanations of drug addiction by race. Medicalization refers to the process through which everyday behavior and traits are classified and/or treated as medical conditions (Conrad 2005). If medicalized, addiction could be treated through medical therapies rather than the criminal justice system. Advancements since the 1980s claim addiction is related to an individual???s biological and psychological characteristics (Leshner 1997). Our research will explore the extent to which minorities are excluded from these medicalized narratives of drug addiction and are, alternatively, discussed using criminalized ones. We content analyzed 25 documentary films (mean length of 60 minutes each) spanning nearly15 years to shed light on medicalization and race in drug addiction. Our research found definite patterns in drug addiction narratives by race: whites were more often discussed via medicalized narratives and minorities were under-represented, leading to a gap in addiction narratives for them. Results suggest a persistent racial inequality in drug abuse and addiction research and pinpoints possible negative consequences for minorities.; Sociology

UFPR Center of Studies on Drug Addiction Doctor Claude Olievenstein; CET – Centro de Estudios de las Toxicomanías Doctor ClaudeOlievenstein de la UFPR; CET – Centro de Estudos das Toxicomanias Dr. Claude Olievenstein da UFPR

Bento, Victor Eduardo Silva; Viana, Marcos Alan; UFPR
Fonte: Editora da UFPR Publicador: Editora da UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
Se trata de relato de la experiencia de extensión universitaria en el dominio da la salud. Se relató acá laexperiencia profesional de creación y dirección del “CET - Centro de Estudios de las Toxicomanías DoctorClaude Olievenstein: Pesquisa, Enseñanza, Tratamiento y Prevención”. Se narró suya prehistoria ysu nacimiento en 19 de octubre de 1999 en el Sector de Ciencias Humanas, Letras y Artes de la UFPR- Universidad Federal del Paraná. Fue criado por profesores y profesionales de la UFPR, bajo la direccióndel profesor Victor Eduardo Silva Bento del Departamento de Psicología, primero director de este Centrodesde suya creación hasta mayo de 2005. Desde su nacimiento, el CET poseía un Acuerdo de Cooperacióncon el Centre Médical Marmottan/Paris, este en esa ocasión bajo la dirección de Claude Olievenstein.Fueron también describidlas las acciones de Pesquisa, Enseñanza y Extensión Clínica del CET, siguiendo laorientación teórica principal de la psicoanálisis, en debate Inter. y multidisciplinar. Finalmente, valuaron-selas acciones realizadas en el CET, destacando-se los premios y lo financiamiento recibidos.; Trata-se de artigo de relato de experiência de extensão universitária na área da saúde. Relatou-se aqui a experiência profissional de criação e direção do CET – Centro de Estudos das Toxicomanias Dr. Claude Olie-venstein: Pesquisa...

Caracterização dos adolescentes internados por álcool e outras drogas na cidade de Curitiba; Profile of adolescents under drug and Alcohol addiction treatment in the city of Curitiba

Alves, Rudinalva; Kossobudzky, Luís André
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/03/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.43%
Este estudo preocupou-se com a investigação de aspectos relacionados ao consumo de drogas e a população adolescente, objetivando identificar as características dos adolescentes internados por uso de álcool e outras drogas, na cidade de Curitiba, durante o ano de 1999. Foram pesquisados 682 prontuários de adolescentes com idade compreendida entre 10 e 20 anos, internados por uso de drogas em estabelecimentos hospitalares e clínicas, oficiais e particulares, que recebem dependentes de drogas para tratamento. Esta pesquisa permitiu traçar o perfil típico médio do adolescente internado por dependência de drogas e delinear algumas recomendações para pesquisa, prevenção e auxílio ao atendimento clínico.Palavras-chave: uso de drogas; adolescentes; cidade de Curitiba.; The aim of this study is to investigate aspects related to drug addiction in the adolescent population. It was possible to define the average profile of adolescents on drug treatment. A fieldwork was undertaken among adolescents ranging from 10 to 20 years of age, admitted to hospitals and clinics for drug and alcohol addiction treatment in Curitiba in 1999...