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Economia Política do Gasto Social no Brasil Desde 1980/85

Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Português
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Este Artigo Compara Dois Documentos de Pontos de Vista Ideológicos Opostos Sobre Gastos Sociais. Ambos Concordam que Existe Regressividade nos Sistemas de Seguridade Social. o Documento Lisboa Conclui que os Gastos Sociais são em Geral Regressivos, em Contraposição ao Documento Porchmann. Demonstra-Se neste Artigo Que, após a Transição para a Democracia em 1985, Enquanto o Crescimento da Renda foi de Apenas 8,5% em 20 Anos, os Gastos Sociais Per Capita Cresceram 43,4%. este Incremento Explica a Significativa Melhora dos Padrões Sociais do Período e Demonstra Que, Contrário À Visão Conservadora, os Gastos Sociais Foram Efetivos em Reduzir a Desigualdade.

The Political Economy of Global Economic Disgovernance

Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Português
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A Desgovernança Econômica Global, Mais do que a Governança Caracteriza Hoje a Economia Mundial. Dois Fatos Substanciam Essa Afirmativa: a Crise Recorrente do Balanço de Pagamentos nos Países em Desenvolvimento, e o Enorme Déficit em Conta Corrente dos Estados Unidos. as Crises nos Mercados Emergentes são Essencialmente Resultantes da Estratégia que o Norte Propõe para o Sul: a Estratégia de Crescimento com Poupança Externa. Dado o Fato de que a Entrada de Capital Aumenta a Taxa de Cambio, e que os Paises não Reconheceram as Principais Oportunidades de Investimento nos Anos 1990, Tal Estratégia Levou não ao Aumento das Taxas de Acumulação de Capital e ao Crescimento, Mas ao Aumento do Déficit em Conta Corrente e À Crise do Balanço de Pagamento (Financeiro). por Outro Lado, o Déficit em Conta Corrente dos Estados Unidos é um Problema Sério. Aquele Já é um País Devedor, Mas os Ajustes Continuam a ser Adiados. a Probabilidade de um Soft Landing (Desfecho Satisfatório) é Pequena. as Duas Fontes de Instabilidade Estão Relacionadas Aos Déficits em Conta Corrente e À Moeda Sobrevalorizada. a Política Econômica por Trás tem um Nome: Taxa de Câmbio Populista, uma das Duas Formas de Populismo Econômico (A Outra é o Populismo Fiscal). Isto não é Surpreendente em Países em Desenvolvimento...

The Subprime Crisis and the Global Public Policy Response

Leão, E. R.; Leão, P.R.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em 12/07/2013 Português
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In this paper, we look at the root causes of the 2007-2009 subprime financial crisis and its consequences. We then examine the way public authorities responded to the crisis. We emphasize the fact that, from the start, public policy developed along two complementary, but distinct, lines: (i) short term macroeconomic management; (ii) medium to long term reshaping of the financial regulation framework. We point out that the decision process occurred as a global approach instead of having worked at the national level; and we mention the details of this process. Finally we examine the detailed measures concerning required capital ratios, bank liquidity and bank leverage requirements, transparency measures and bankers bonuses proposals. JEL Classification: E32, E58, E62, G38

O modelo fiscal de avaliação de prédios urnanos e o ciclo económico do país

Veloso, Sara Alexandra Costa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Mestrado em Finanças / Classificação JEL: R33, E62; O mercado imobiliário é um mercado com características especiais. Contrariamente ao que acontece com os ativos financeiros transacionados no mercado de capitais, a heterogeneidade, o reduzido número de transações, a reduzida liquidez e a imobilidade, impedem a formação de um mercado organizado. Por conseguinte, as avaliações assumem um papel crucial neste mercado e são alvo de grande debate. Neste trabalho, vamos não só descrever as principais práticas no mercado imobiliário mas também, analisar criticamente o modelo fiscal de avaliação de imóveis considerado pelo Código do Imposto Municipal sobre Imóveis, que julgamos incapaz de traduzir o ciclo económico do país. Para ultrapassar esta dificuldade, desenvolvemos um modelo fiscal ajustado. No seguimento desse propósito, começamos por estudar a relação entre o mercado imobiliário e as variáveis macroeconómicas que acreditamos capazes de traduzir o ciclo económico do país, designadamente, Produto Interno Bruto, Rendimento Nacional Bruto e Rendimento Nacional Disponível. A estimação de regressões baseadas no Método dos Mínimos Quadrados foi a técnica utilizada para obter um fator de conexão entre o valor fiscal e o valor de mercado. Por fim...

The nonlinear fiscal multiplier: evidence from Portugal

Gonçalves, Telma Filipa Batista
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Dissertation submitted as partial requirement for the degree of Master of Economics / JEL - Codes: C32, C51, E62; Since the monetarist-Keynesian scal policy debate of the late 1960 s, researchers have faced an endless discussion about the role that this policy should play in the economy. Recent evidence points to a heterogeneous scal multiplier rather than a homogeneous one, that is, a country-speci c and state-dependent multiplier. Moreover, a series of recent papers defend that the scal multiplier is higher in recessionary periods when compared to normal times . Previously used models, such as DSGE or VAR, are not capable of capturing the kind of dynamics that we observe in the implemen- tation of modern scal policy. This thesis aims to analyse and model nonlin- earities for the Portuguese scal multiplier. Results suggest that symmetric government spending shocks have asymmetric e¤ects on real GDP depend- ing on the business cycle position, sign and the magnitude of the shock. In order to pursue this analysis, a Logistic STVAR model was applied to the Portuguese data and the transition dynamics were reported with Generalized Impulse Response Functions.; Desde o debate monetaristas-Keynesianos no nal dos anos 60 sobre política orçamental...

Competição relativa de espécies de plantas daninhas com dois cultivares de soja

Voll,E.; Gazziero,D.L.P.; Brighenti,A.A.M.; Adegas,F.S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira da Ciência das Plantas Daninhas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2002 Português
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Um experimento para avaliação da competição relativa de espécies de plantas daninhas, em relação a cultivares de soja de ciclos vegetativo precoce (Embrapa-48) e médio (Embrapa-62), foi instalado em Londrina-PR, em 1998/99. Foram comparadas quatro espécies daninhas: amendoim-bravo (Euphorbia heterophylla), capim-marmelada (Brachiaria plantaginea), corda-de-viola (Ipomoea grandifolia) e fedegoso (Senna obtusifolia), ajustadas às densidades de 0, 15 e 30 plantas m-2. O experimento foi conduzido em blocos casualizados, com parcelas subdivididas, fatorial 4x3x2 e quatro repetições. A emergência da soja e a das plantas daninhas foram quase simultâneas. Ambos os cultivares responderam de modo similar à competição. A produtividade do cv. Embrapa-48 foi de 2.819 kg ha-1, e a do cv. Embrapa-62, de 2.565 kg ha-1, na ausência de plantas daninhas. As intensidades relativas médias de competição foram: B. plantaginea (0,35) < I. grandifolia (0,59) < E. heterophylla (0,61) < S. obtusifolia (1,00). As estimativas de redução de produtividade de soja, feitas por meio de equações de regressão linear/cultivar, indicaram os seguintes coeficientes de redução (%) por unidade de planta daninha m-2: B. plantaginea (Y E48 = -1,47; Y E62 = -1...

Cooperative Binding of the Class I Major Histocompatibility Complex Cytoplasmic Domain and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Nef to the Endosomal AP-1 Complex via Its μ Subunit▿

Noviello, Colleen M.; Benichou, Serge; Guatelli, John C.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef provides immune evasion by decreasing the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) at the surfaces of infected cells. The endosomal clathrin adaptor protein complex AP-1 is a key cellular cofactor for this activity, and it is recruited to the MHC-I cytoplasmic domain (CD) in the presence of Nef by an uncharacterized mechanism. To determine the molecular basis of this recruitment, we used an MHC-I CD-Nef fusion protein to represent the MHC-I CD/Nef complex during protein interaction assays. The MHC-I CD had no intrinsic ability to bind AP-1, but it conferred binding activity when fused to Nef. This activity was independent of the canonical leucine-based AP-binding motif in Nef; it required residue Y320 in the MHC-I CD and residues E62-65 and P78 in Nef, and it involved the μ but not the γ/σ subunits of AP-1. The impaired binding of mutants encoding substitutions of E62-65 or P78 in Nef was rescued by replacing the Y320SQA sequence in the MHC-I CD with YSQL, suggesting that Nef allows the YSQA sequence to act as if it were a canonical μ-binding motif. These data identify the μ subunit of AP-1 (μ1) as the key target of the MHC-I CD/Nef complex, and they indicate that both Y320 in the MHC-I CD and E62-65 in Nef interact directly with μ1. The data support a cooperative binding model in which Nef functions as a clathrin-associated sorting protein that allows recognition of an incomplete...

Identification of the catalytic motif of the microbial ribosome inactivating cytotoxin colicin E3

Walker, Daniel; Lancaster, Lorna; James, Richard; Kleanthous, Colin
Fonte: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press Publicador: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2004 Português
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Colicin E3 is a cytotoxic ribonuclease that specifically cleaves 16S rRNA at the ribosomal A-site to abolish protein synthesis in sensitive Escherichia coli cells. We have performed extensive mutagenesis of the 96-residue colicin E3 cytotoxic domain (E3 rRNase), assayed mutant colicins for in vivo cytotoxicity, and tested the corresponding E3 rRNase domains for their ability to inactivate ribosome function in vitro. From 21 alanine mutants, we identified five positions where mutation resulted in a colicin with no measurable cytotoxicity (Y52, D55, H58, E62, and Y64) and four positions (R40, R42, E60, and R90) where mutation caused a significant reduction in cytotoxicity. Mutations that were found to have large in vivo and in vitro effects were tested for structural integrity through circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy using purified rRNase domains. Our data indicate that H58 and E62 likely act as the acid–base pair during catalysis with other residues likely involved in transition state stabilization. Both the Y52 and Y64 mutants were found to be highly destabilized and this is the likely origin of the loss of their cytotoxicity. The identification of important active site residues and sequence alignments of known rRNase homologs has allowed us to identify other proteins containing the putative rRNase active site motif. Proteins that contained this active site motif included three hemagglutinin-type adhesins and we speculate that these have evolved to deliver a cytotoxic rRNase into eukaryotic cells during pathogenesis.

pH-Dependent Interdomain Tethers of CD1b Regulate Its Antigen Capture

Relloso, Miguel; Cheng, Tan-Yun; Im, Jin S.; Parisini, Emilio; Roura-Mir, Carme; DeBono, Charles; Zajonc, Dirk M.; Murga, Leonel F.; Ondrechen, Mary Jo; Wilson, Ian A.; Porcelli, Steven A.; Moody, D. Branch
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2008 Português
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As CD1 proteins recycle between the cell surface and endosomes, they show altered receptiveness to lipid antigen loading. We hypothesized that changes in proton concentration encountered within distinct endosomal compartments influence the charge state of residues near the entrance to the CD1 groove and thereby control antigen loading. Molecular dynamic models identified flexible areas of the CD1b heavy chain in the superior and lateral walls of the A′ pocket. In these same areas, residues that carry charge in a pH-dependent manner (D60, E62) were found to tether the rigid α1 helix to flexible areas of the α2 helix and the 50-60 loop. After disruption of these tethers with acid pH or mutation, we observed increased association and dissociation of lipids with CD1b and preferential presentation of antigens with bulky lipid tails. We propose that ionic tethers act as molecular switches that respond to pH fluxes during endosomal recycling and regulate the conformation of the CD1 heavy chain to control the size and rate of antigens captured.

A new monoclinic polymorph of trans-dichloridodipyridine­palladium(II)

Lee, Hon Man; Liao, Chuang-Yi
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/10/2008 Português
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In the structure of the title compound, [PdCl2(C5H5N)2], the PdII atom is located on an inversion centre and the pyridine rings are coplanar. There is inter­molecular π–π stacking between the pyridyl rings, with a centroid-to-centroid separation of 3.916 (1) Å. The structure is a new polymorph of two previously determined structures [Viossat, Dung & Robert (1993 ▶). Acta Cryst. C49, 84–85; Liao & Lee (2006 ▶). Acta Cryst. E62, m680–m681].

Benzyl N′-benzhydrylidene­hydrazine­carbodithio­ate

Zhang, Bing-Xiang
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/11/2008 Português
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In the title mol­ecule, C21H18N2S2, the C=N—N angle of 117.6 (2)° is significantly smaller than the ideal value of 120° expected for sp 2-hybridized N atoms. This is probably a consequence of repulsion between the nitro­gen lone pairs and the adjacent N atom, as suggested in Zheng, Qiu, Lin & Liu [Acta Cryst. (2006), E62, o1913–o1914]. The two neighbouring benzene rings form a dihedral angle of 75.95 (3)° with each other, while subtending dihedral angles of 84.18 (3) and 8.44 (2)° with the third ring in the structure.

N-Methyl-N-styrylcinnamamide (lansamide) from Clausena lansium in Vietnam

Luger, Peter; Weber, Manuela; Thang, Tran Dinh; Van Luu, Hoang; Dung, Nguyen Xuan
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/03/2009 Português
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The title compound, C18H17NO, was isolated from the seeds of Clausena lansium (wampee) (Rutaceae). The X-ray crystal structure analysis confirmed its chemical identity and revealed that it is solvent-free, in contrast to the previously reported monohydrate [Huang, Ou & Tang (2006 ▶). Acta Cryst. E62, o1987–o1988]. The mol­ecular structures are practically identical but the mol­ecules pack differently. In contrast to the monohydrate in which the water molecule generates two hydrogen bonds, no such intermolecular contacts are present in the title compound. The dihedral angle between the cinnamamide and the styryl group is 53.1 (1)°.

A second monoclinic polymorph of 2-(diformyl­methyl­idene)-3,3-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole

Khaledi, Hamid; Saharin, Siti Munirah; Mohd Ali, Hapipah; Robinson, Ward T.; Abdulla, Mahmood A.
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/09/2009 Português
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The crystal structure of the title compound, C13H13NO2, is a polymorph of the structure first reported by Helliwell et al. [Acta Cryst. (2006), E62, o737-o738]. It is also monoclinic (space group P21/c), but with completely different cell constants. The mol­ecular conformations of these polymorphs differ by a 180° rotation of one formyl group. The present mol­ecule is planar [maximum deviation 0.089 (2) Å] with the exception of the two methyl groups which lie on either side of the plane. There are strong intra- and inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The latter link pairs of mol­ecules across crystallographic centers of symmetry. Two aldehyde O atoms are brought close together [2.896 (4) Å in this arrangement but are not hydrogen bonded. In the earlier polymorph, one formyl group is rotated by 180° to yield inter­molecular hydrogen bonding and an infinite polymeric chain. The other formyl group is involved in the same intra­molecular hydrogen bonding as has been found here.

A new polymorph of catena-poly[[tri­aqua­cadmium(II)]-μ2-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxyl­ato]

Yin, Hua
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/07/2009 Português
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The title complex, [Cd(C6H2N2O4)(H2O)3]n, is a new monoclinic polymorph. The ortho­rhom­bic form has previously been reported [Ma et al. (2006 ▶). Acta Cryst. E62, m2528–m2529]. The Cd—N and Cd—O bond lengths range from 2.265 (3) to 2.333 (3) Å; a weak Cd—O inter­action is also present, the inter­atomic distance being 2.658 (4) Å. The CdII ions, which have a distorted penta­gonal-bipyramidal geometry, are bridged by pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxyl­ato ligands, forming a zigzag chain structure. The chains are connected by O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds into a three-dimensional framework.

Tetra­kis(μ2-2,2-dimethyl­propanoato-κ2 O,O′)bis­[(pyridine-κN)copper(II)]: a monoclinic polymorph

Ozair, Lailatun Nazirah; Abdullah, Norbani; Khaledi, Hamid; Tiekink, Edward R. T.
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/04/2010 Português
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The structure of the dinuclear title complex, [Cu2(C5H9O2)4(C5H5N)2], represents a monoclinic polymorph of the previously reported triclinic form [Blewett et al. (2006 ▶). Acta Cryst. E62, m420–m422]. Each carboxyl­ate group is bidentate bridging and the distorted octa­hedral geometry about each CuII atom is completed by a pyridine N atom and the other Cu atom [Cu⋯Cu = 2.6139 (7) Å]. In the crystal, mol­ecules are connected into supra­molecular chains via π–π inter­actions formed by the pyridine rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.552 (3) Å] and these are connected into a two-dimensional array in the ac plane by C—H⋯π contacts. One of the tert-butyl groups is disordered over two orientations in a 0.734 (6):0.266 (6) ratio.

(Dimethyl sulfoxide-κO)[3-hydr­oxy-2-hydroxy­methyl-2-(3-meth­oxy-2-oxido­benzyl­ideneamino-κ2 O 2,N)propanolato-κO]dioxomolybdenum(VI). Corrigendum

Sui, Yan; Fang, Xiao-Niu; Luo, Qiu-Yan; Chen, Hong-Mei; Zhou, Meng-Qiang
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/04/2010 Português
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Corrigendum to Acta Cryst. (2006), E62, m1994–m1996.

(2E)-1-(4-Bromo­phen­yl)-3-(4-fluoro­phen­yl)prop-2-en-1-one

Dutkiewicz, Grzegorz; Veena, K.; Narayana, B.; Yathirajan, H. S.; Kubicki, Maciej
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/04/2010 Português
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The title compound, C15H10BrFO, is isostructural with (2E)-1-(4-chloro­phen­yl)-3-(4-fluoro­phen­yl)prop-2-en-1-one [Qiu et al. (2006 ▶). Acta Cryst. E62, o3525–o3526], but the structures of other dihalogen analogues, without fluorine, are different, although they are also isostructural within the series. The mol­ecule is approximately flat, the dihedral angle between the ring planes being 8.49 (13)°. In the crystal structure, inter­molecular C—H⋯O, C—H⋯F and C—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds link mol­ecules into V-shaped ribbons running parallel to [101] and stacked with an inter­planar distance of approximately 3.53 Å (centroid–vcentroid distance = 3.857 Å)..

A monoclinic polymorph of 1-(4-chloro­phen­yl)-3-(4-methoxy­phen­yl)prop-2-en-1-one

Jasinski, Jerry P.; Butcher, Ray J.; Narayana, B.; Samshuddin, S.; Yathirajan, H. S.
Fonte: International Union of Crystallography Publicador: International Union of Crystallography
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/01/2010 Português
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The crystal structure of the title compound, C16H13ClO2 (II), (space group P21/c,) is a polymorph of the structure, (I), reported by Harrison, Yathirajan, Sarojini, Narayana & Indira [Acta Cryst. (2006), E62, o1647–o1649] in the ortho­rhom­bic space group Pna21. The dihedral angle between the mean planes of the 4-chloro- and 4-meth­oxy-substituted benzene rings is 52.9 (1)° in (II) compared to 21.82 (6)° for polymorph (I). The dihedral angles between the mean planes of the prop-2-en-1-one group and those of the 4-chloro­phenyl and 4-methoxy­phenyl rings are 23.3 (3) and 33.7 (1)°, respectively. in (II). The corresponding values are 17.7 (1) and 6.0 (3)°, respectively, in polymorph (I). In the crystal, weak C—H⋯π inter­actions are observed.

Policies to reduce instability/ Las políticas para reducir la inestabilidad

Luis Brunstein; Rowan University
Fonte: Revista de Economía del Caribe Publicador: Revista de Economía del Caribe
Tipo: article; publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Português
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ResumenLa actual política de estabilización adoptada por muchos paíseslatinoamericanos exige una política monetaria restrictiva aunada a unapolítica fiscal conservadora. Aunque estas políticas han sido adaptadaspara aliviar fragilidades financieras, no han sido capaces de mejorarsignificativamente los niveles de pobreza y desempleo estructurales, locual hace que el enfoque sea vulnerable a riesgos políticos. Mediante elestudio del caso de Argentina, este trabajo argumenta que la presenciade estos riesgos obliga al gobierno a adoptar un heterodoxo, ecléctico ymuy flexible sistema de formulación de políticas que puede maximizarsus posibilidades de lograr objetivos sociales de largo plazo.P A L A B R A S C L AV E : Inestabilidad financiera, contagio, política monetariay fiscal, riesgo político, formulación heterodoxa de políticas.C L A S I F I C A C I Ó N J E L : E61, E62, E63, E65.AbstractThe current stabilization policy adopted by many Latin Americancountries demands a restrictive monetary policy coupled with aconservative fiscal policy. While these policies have been adapted to suturefinancial fragilities, they have not been able to significantly improve thelevels of structural poverty and unemployment, rendering the approachvulnerable to political risk. By exploring the case of Argentina...

Gross fixed capital formation in Minas Gerais during the period 2005-2009: bottleneck in highway infrastructure and more elaborated capital goods production.; Investimento em capital fixo em Minas Gerais no período de 2005-2009: gargalo na infraestrutura de transporte rodoviário e na produção de bens de capital mais elaborados

de Almeida, Thiago Rafael Corrêa; Fundação João Pinheiro, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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This paper aims to carry out a mapping of investments or, in more technical language, the Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) in Minas Gerais in the period 2005-2009. The methodology used for this purpose is to reference the results of the calculation of GFCF by FJP and other supplementary data sources. Briefly, it is intended to detail the investments with respect to their origin, use and composition; quantifying public investments by the state; analyze the weight of investments in infrastructure and identify potential bottlenecks for the establishment of public policies. Wherever possible, we sought to characterize the behavior of GFCF by means of economic theories of the determinants of investment.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8085.2014v17n1p56Este trabalho tem o objetivo de realizar um mapeamento dos investimentos ou, na linguagem mais técnica, da Formação Bruta de Capital Fixo (FBCF) em Minas Gerais no período 2005-2009. A metodologia utilizada para esse propósito tem como referência os resultados do cálculo da FBCF pela Fundação João Pinheiro (FJP) e outras fontes de dados complementares. De forma resumida, pretende-se detalhar os investimentos com relação a sua origem, uso e composição; quantificar os investimentos públicos pelo estado; analisar o peso dos investimentos em infraestrutura e identificar possíveis gargalos para o estabelecimento de políticas públicas. Na medida do possível...