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Trade Flows Among CEEC and EU Countries: What are the Future Perspectives?

Caetano, José; Galego, Aurora
Fonte: Universidad de Huelva, Publicaciones Publicador: Universidad de Huelva, Publicaciones
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In this paper we analyse the characteristics and evolution of the EU-CEEC trade in the last decade, giving particular attention to trade relations among the CEEC. We study the determinants of both total and sectoral trade flows and investigate the potential bilateral trade among all the countries. The analysis is based on the gravity model approach using panel data from 1993 to 2001. The results highlight the sectoral differences in the EU-CEEC trade developments. Furthermore, it is possible to conclude that there is still scope for growth on bilateral trade flows between some CEEC and some of the EU countries and especially among the new EU members.

Labor, Employment, and Social Policies in the EU Enlargement Process : Changing Perspectives and Policy Options

Funck, Bernard; Pizzati, Lodovico
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
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Transition has been a wrenching process for the labor markets of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs), and the prospect of joining the European Union gives rise to both hopes and misgivings among their population. Similarly among other member countries, a new resolve to shake off a legacy of high unemployment and to build "the most competitive economy in the world" mixes in some quarters with lingering apprehension that EU enlargement disrupts already strained labr markets. This volume contains the papers presented at the conference held in Baden, Austria, in June 2001 to investigate these questions. The content of this research work captures the thoughts and analysis of the senior policymakers, academics, and social partners who participated in this series of seminars. This digest of research work seeks to present the latest factual trends on labor issues in accession countries, reviews exisitng labor market policies and social protection mechanisms, and discusses alternative strategies for employment creation in Central and Eastern Europe.

EU enlargement: meeting the challenges of the global security and trade environment

Downer, Alexander
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 26531 bytes; 351 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Introduction:...European integration has been an extraordinary and visionary enterprise, built on practical steps towards unity. The European Union is not only a complex work in progress, harmonising the internal policies of its members, but a force in world politics. This sixth wave of enlargement is one of the great moments in its evolution. This conference has an ambitious agenda and brings together a body of experts intimately concerned with the engineering of this grand design. And the conference is timely and relevant for Australia, because it is important to our relationship that Australians comprehend the dynamics and changing nature of the EU. My theme today is the opportunity that the imminent expansion of the EU offers for tackling global security and trade challenges. I want to expand particularly on areas where Australia’s interests are strongly engaged.; Speech at the National Europe Centre Conference on EU enlargement, Canberra, Australia; no

Conditions and consequences of EU enlargement: a Polish perspective

Pusz, Sylwia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 99340 bytes; 351 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Conclusion: By 30 April 2002 Poland has temporarily closed negotiations with the European Union in 23 negotiation chapters. At present negotiations are conducted in the following 7 chapters: Competition policy, Fisheries, Transport policy, Justice and home affairs, Regional policy and co-ordination of structural instruments, Agriculture, Financial and budgetary provisions. The difficulties that arise in the negotiation process result from the fact that the integration with the EU is constantly developing, and the Community law is changing. Every year there are new common arrangements, which amend and supplement present principles and rules. Of course, this creates additional challenges and difficulties for the negotiating teams. The longer the negotiations the more probable the change of the common rules and the necessity to adapt them to a moving target. In addition, negotiations are complicated by several other issues, which were irrelevant during previous enlargements of the European Union. The basic one issue that accession negotiations coincided with deep changes in the Union itself, relating to the implementation of the third stage of the Economic and Monetary Union. The Member States of the EU lost their monetary sovereignty and the possibility to use exchange rates. These competencies have been vested in the supranational financial authority - European Central Bank. It is understood that a simultaneous implementation of two very ambitious tasks...

The impact of EU enlargement on external relations, notably with the US and Russia

Noe, Willem
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 47616 bytes; 348 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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Conclusion: In summary, enlargement will prove a positive for bilateral relations between the US and the EU but will also make them more complicated. The US supports enlargement as next big step toward European integration and securing the gains of the post Cold War. There are also considerable economic opportunities. On the other hand, the possibility of a larger, more competitive and more assertive EU may threaten US interests. Deepening EU relations with Russia will herald an opportunity for the US to secure a more prosperous, stable Russia. Russia appears to consider enlargement an opportunity to drive a wedge between the EU and the US. All the more reason, then, for collaboration between the European Union and America to avert this possibility.; no

Under construction: images of the enlarging EU in the Australasian news media

Chaban, N.; Bain, J.; Stats, K.
Fonte: CADAAD Publicador: CADAAD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Institutionalised metaphors are an everyday feature of the EU’s internal discursive constructions. The relevant literature argues that one of the most well-established and frequently employed metaphors describing the EU in EU discourses is that of the ‘Common European House’. This paper suggests that this metaphor is also prolific in external discourses depicting the EU. Easily comprehensible and intimately familiar to the international public, the ‘common house’ metaphor is argued to serve as an efficient means of organising thoughts and observations about unfamiliar and complex global phenomena such as European integration. Exploring a case study of Australasian (Australian and New Zealand) daily news coverage of the 2004 EU enlargement, we found that the popular ‘house’ metaphor delivered imagery dominated by negativity and contradiction, portraying the enlarging EU as an unstable, divided and overcrowded entity. Taking into account the power of metaphors to raise the awareness of key EU concepts, policy issues and events, the imagery resulting from the media’s use of the ‘house’ metaphor is problematic. The continued employment of negative and contradictory portrayals of an important economic and political counterpart may have concerning effects on the perceptions that the publics and decision-makers of Australasia hold of the EU as a global actor...

Die Rolle der EU bei der Lösung der Zypern-Frage; The role of the EU in the solution of the Cyprus conflict

Kyriakou, Kyriakos
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
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Die Arbeit untersucht die Rolle der EU bei der Lösung der Zypernfrage.; The study is dealing with the research of the role of the EU in the solution of the Cyprus conflict.

Enlargement and Legitimacy: A passage from Europe of the Elites to Europe of the Electorates

TAMVAKI, Dionysia D.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 1526707 bytes; application/pdf; digital
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This project focuses on the interrelations between the micro-level of popular attitudes to European integration and the macro-level of elite justifications for pursuing membership. Drawing on extant research on Eastern Enlargement this study develops an approach of ‘theoretical differentiation’ and distinguishes between rationally oriented ‘Utility Maximizing’ entrants (UM) and constructively driven ‘Value Maximizing’ countries (VM). ‘Theoretical differentiation’ in elite attitudes then, becomes the default drive in empirically investigating public support for the EU. First, explaining the dynamics of utilitarian public attitudes, this study ‘differentiates’ the short- term, economic factors from the long-term, elite-driven stimuli that render the UM group of countries more eurosceptic than the VM group. The regression analysis shows that while in both groups short-term support fluctuates with the business cycle, the intensity of long-run support is determined by the set of structural characteristics that identify them as either UM or VM. Similarly, ‘differentiation’ in affective support shows that the latter is a mixture of the longterm disposition towards EU, determined by historical elite attitudes, and the current socialization factors that govern short-run variations. Yet...

Mediating Membership: Sectors, states, and strategies. EU enlargement negotiations (1998-2003): Constructive and destructive interference

VAN AKEN, Wim
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: paper; application/pdf; digital
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Why is it that when economic sectors have strong preferences and mobilise politically on a national and international level one does not always find the respective policy outcomes as ‘demand side’ international political economic theory predicts? In concentrating on the role national and international institutions play in an open polity model I argue that states (governments) and international organisations (negotiations) and the strategies of actors occupying these institutions mediate societal interests according to what I call the logic of destructive and constructive interference. States and international organisations act as constraints upon societal preferences at the negotiating table when their interests are not aligned. This is ‘destructive interference’. Conversely, when societal interests and institutional preferences are aligned states and strategies sustain or amplify societal preferences at the negotiating table. This I refer to as ‘constructive interference’. I apply this conjecture to the fifth EU enlargement process (1998-2004) and the negotiated exemptions to the EU accession treaties. First, I quantitatively compare the universe of cases, i.e. 44 economic sectors across the ten applicant states according to their trade...

The Stabilisation and Association Process in the Balkans: Overloaded Agenda and Weak Incentives?

ELBASANI, Arolda
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Following more than one decade of violent and uncertain transitions in the Balkans, the EU has envisaged a new strategy comprising the perspective of membership for all the countries in the region. The so-called Stabilisation and Association Process (SAP) has become a word of faith loaded with high expectations for change. This paper seeks to analyze the potential of the SAP to foster promised transformation in the region. The paper proceeds in three parts. First, it elaborates on different forms of post-cold war interventions in the region; Second, it outlines the main instruments of the SAP. Third, it delves into the innovative features of the SAP compared to the previous enlargement framework and analyses the implications of these innovations. The paper suggests that the SAP is an undisputed progress compared to the EU previous strategies in the region to the extent it has for the first time embraced the promise of membership and outlined the procedures of accession for all the countries left out of the previous enlargement. Yet, the analysis puts forward that the SAP suffers from the overloaded and not easily reconcilable double agenda including both stabilisation and association objectives. In addition, the SAP commitment to membership is rather vague compared to the previous framework of enlargement. Overall...

Eastward Enlargement By the European Union and Transnational Parties

DELSOLDATO, Giorgia
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In this article, the Ostpolitik of European transnational parties is examined as a process within the process of the eastward enlargement of the European Union. First, the Eastern politics of major European transnational parties is analyzed within the framework of their development and institutionalization processes. Then, the European transnational party-level dimension is examined as part of the development of party systems and party politics in the postcommunist candidate countries, with specific references to the EU enlargement policy and a focus on Central Europe.

The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Western Balkans and their EU Accession Prospects

PANAGIOTOU, Ritsa
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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The European Union’s enlargement towards the Western Balkans may be facing its most difficult challenge since its launch in Zagreb in 2000. The prospect of Balkan enlargement has been hard-hit by the deterioration of the European economy, and particularly the Greek sovereign debt crisis. The countries of the region have been deeply affected by the shock waves emanating from the Greek and eurozone crises: the negative repercussions include a deterioration of their economies, their prospects for growth, their capacity for reform, their social, political and institutional structures, and their ability to fulfill the accession criteria. Crucially, the EU’s hitherto undisputable symbolic role as an “anchor” of stability, as a one-way path to prosperity and as a goal to be aspired to, may be losing its credibility and appeal for some of these countries.

Impact of the EU Enlargement on Agri-food Trade Specialisation of Lithuania and Latvia

DRABIK Dusan; BARTOVA Lubica
Fonte: Lithuaniae Academia Scientiarum Publicador: Lithuaniae Academia Scientiarum
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
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This paper analyses development of agri-food trade specialisation of two Baltic countries ¿ Latvia and Lithuania in the period from 2000 to 2005 by their trade partners/groupings. The emphasis is on a trade pattern comparison after and prior to the 2004 EU enlargement. The most competitive commodities in trade by regional groupings are identified. Latvia specialised strongly in products of fishery industry, while Lithuania revealed its comparative advantages in trade with milk and dairy products.; JRC.J.5-Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Economy

Potential impacts on agricultural commodity markets of an EU enlargement to Turkey

VAN LEEUWEN Myrna; SALAMON Petra; FELLMANN THOMAS; KOÇ Ali; BÖLÜK Gülden; TABEAU Andrzej; ESPOSTI Roberto; BONFIGLIO Andrea; LOBIANCO Antonello; HANRAHAN Kevin
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: CD-ROM
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This report provides an in-depth model based quantitative assessment of the potential impacts of an EU enlargement to Turkey for agricultural commodity markets in Turkey and the EU. For the purpose of the study a detailed dataset and modelling structure for the main agricultural commodities in the EU candidate country Turkey has been developed and integrated into the overall AGMEMOD modelling framework.; JRC.DDG.J.5-Agriculture and Life Sciences in the Economy

Consolidate Data Report for EU Enlargement and Neighbouring Countries

PANEV STRAHIL; BERTOLDI PAOLO
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This report consolidates data on residential buildings for the EU Enlargement countries: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Kosovo (under UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99); Montenegro, the Former Republic of Macedonia; Serbia and Turkey as well as for the European Neighbouring Countries: Ukraine and Moldova.; JRC.F.7-Renewables and Energy Efficiency

The long-term implications of EU enlargement : the nature of the new borders : final report of the Reflection Group

Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
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Title on the cover: 'Final report of the reflection group on the long-term implications of EU enlargement : the nature of the new border'; This report reflects the discussions at six meetings in 1998-99 of Reflection Group set up jointly by the Forward Studies Unit of the European Commission and the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence.; Introduction. -- Part I. Divergence and convergence in Europe. -- 1. Perceptions and reality : divergence as a structuring element in the eastwards enlargement of the EU. -- 2. Religious and social values. -- 3. Citizenship and national identities. -- 4. Support for democracy and the liberal state. -- 5. The socio-economic gap. -- 6. Conclusions : reality and illusion in the enlarged EU. -- Part II. Implications for an enlarged EU : the problem of the new border. -- 7. European identity and the bases of political unity. -- 8. Economic transition, accession and globalisation. -- 9. Managing the new eastern border. -- 10. Conclusion and policy recommendations

Benchmarking, safeguard clauses and verification mechanisms - what's in a name? Recent developments in pre- and post-accession conditionality and compliance with EU law

SPERNBAUER, Martina
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This article looks upon the most recent developments in the European Union's accession strategies, as from the start of accession negotiations. It first seeks to demonstrate that the pre-accession conditionality rationale of stabilising present and protecting future integration objectives underpins the so-called 'specific safeguard clauses' of the 2003 and 2005 Acts of Accession and the latter's cooperation and verification mechanism, accordingly referred to as post-accession conditionality tools. It then argues that this rationale, emphasised also in the imperative of maintaining the momentum of European integration of the Union's 'integration capacity', above all necessitates effective compliance with EU law, and thus full administrative and judicial capacity of (prospective) Member States. Indeed, the lynchpin of these new conditionality devices evokes putting them in the wider context of compliance mechanisms in the enlarged European Union. It thereby becomes apparent how conditionality has lead to a considerable empowerment of the European Commission which, when reaching into the post-accession phase, entails a problematic differentiation between the Member States. Conditionality methodology furthermore, and this is equally shown...

EU Enlargement and the Portuguese Economy

Barry, Frank; Crespo, Nuno; Fontoura, Maria Paula
Fonte: ISEG – Departamento de Economia Publicador: ISEG – Departamento de Economia
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2003 Português
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Ten states, primarily from Central and Eastern Europe, will be admitted to the EU in 2004. The present paper assesses the competitiveness implications of this enlargement for Portugal. Four specific topics are considered: the trade and industry effects, the implications for Portugal's ability to attract FDI, the likely levels and consequences of immigration from Central and Eastern Europe and the implications for Portugal's budgetary relations with the rest of the EU.; Financial support of the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia /MCT under SFRH/BD/6412/2001 (supported by the European Social Fund).

Financing social and cohesion policy in an enlarged EU: plus ça change, plus c'est la meme chose?

Kay, Adrian; Ackrill, R.W.
Fonte: Sage Journals Online Publicador: Sage Journals Online
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The development of the Open Method of Coordination, agreement on the Lisbon Agenda and EU enlargement offered the prospect of a new and substantial EU social policy agenda. This article considers EU social and cohesion policies in the context of the recen

Benchmarking Electricity Liberalisation in Europe

Green, Richard J.; Lorenzoni, Arturo; Perez, Yannick; Pollitt, Michael G.
Fonte: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK Publicador: Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, UK
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 234736 bytes; application/pdf
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In this paper, we discuss the choice and use of benchmarks in each of five areas relevant to an assessment of the progress of EU electricity sector liberalisation. These areas are market design, market power, EU enlargement, regulation, and sustainability. Our aim is to discuss the most important benchmarks for each area, and to do so in the context of that area. Where a benchmark can be used as a signal that things are going well (or badly) we will discuss the values associated with a good (or bad) signal. This paper forms part of the final report of the EU funded Sustainable Energy Specific Support Assessment project (SESSA, see www.sessa.eu.com).