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Depression in Parkinson`s disease: Convergence from voxel-based morphometry and functional magnetic resonance imaging in the limbic thalamus

CARDOSO, Ellison Fernando; MAIA, Fernanda Martins; FREGNI, Felipe; MYCZKOWSKI, Martin Luis; MELO, Luciano M.; SATO, Joao R.; MARCOLIN, Marco Antonio; RIGONATTI, Sergio P.; CRUZ JR., Antonio Cesario; BARBOSA, Egberto Reis; AMARO JR., Edson
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Depression is the most frequent psychiatric disorder in Parkinson`s disease (PD). Although evidence Suggests that depression in PD is related to the degenerative process that underlies the disease, further studies are necessary to better understand the neural basis of depression in this population of patients. In order to investigate neuronal alterations underlying the depression in PD, we studied thirty-six patients with idiopathic PD. Twenty of these patients had the diagnosis of major depression disorder and sixteen did not. The two groups were matched for PD motor severity according to Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). First we conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using an event-related parametric emotional perception paradigm with test retest design. Our results showed decreased activation in the left mediodorsal (MD) thalamus and in medial prefrontall cortex in PD patients with depression compared to those without depression. Based upon these results and the increased neuron count in MD thalamus found in previous studies, we conducted a region of interest (ROI) guided voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study comparing the thalamic volume. Our results showed an increased volume in mediodorsal thalamic nuclei bilaterally. Converging morphological changes and functional emotional processing in mediodorsal thalamus highlight the importance of limbic thalamus in PD depression. In addition this data supports the link between neurodegenerative alterations and mood regulation. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.; CAPES

Comunicação não-verbal e depressão: uso de indicadores não-verbais para avaliação de gravidade, melhora clínica e prognóstico; Nonverbal communication and depression: the use of non-verbal indicators for assessment of severity, clinical improvement and prognosis

Fiquer, Juliana Teixeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Depressão é um transtorno de humor de alta prevalência e repercussões negativas para o indivíduo do ponto de vista físico, psicológico e social. Entre os múltiplos aspectos da doença ainda pouco investigados está o comportamento expressivo não-verbal que pode indicar emoções, pensamentos e intenções automáticos que ocasionam problemas interpessoais e piora da depressão. O objetivo desta tese foi investigar o papel da comunicação não-verbal como parâmetro para avaliar características diagnósticas, prognósticas e de melhora clínica da depressão. Para tanto, foram usadas técnicas etológicas para observação de: 1) indicadores não-verbais de pacientes deprimidos (em associação com medidas clínicas e neuropsicológicas); e 2) fatores comportamentais de envolvimento não-verbal de pacientes e do entrevistador. A tese foi dividida em duas partes. Na Parte I apresentam-se estudos que enfocam o comportamento de pacientes deprimidos (n=40) submetidos a três diferentes condições de tratamento com Estimulação Elétrica Transcraniana de Corrente Contínua (ETCC). Pacientes foram avaliados no pré (T0) e pós-tratamento (T1) por meio de escalas para mensuração de sintomas depressivos (medidas clínicas); bateria de testes neuropsicológicos; e entrevistas filmadas. A análise das filmagens foi feita com catálogo de registro de frequência de comportamentos nãoverbais de pacientes (etograma)...

The influence of emotional contagion on products evaluation

Isabella, Giuliana
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.21%
Emotional Contagion is the mechanism that includes mimicking and the automatic synchronization of facial expressions, vocalizations, postures, and movements with another person and, consequently, convergence of emotions between the sender and receiver. Researches of this mechanism conducted usually in the fields of Psychology and Marketing tends to investigate face-to-face interactions. However, the question remains to what extent, if any, emotional contagion may occur with facial expressions in photos, since many purchase situations are brought on by catalogues or websites. This thesis has the goal to verify this gap and, in addition, verify whether emotional contagion is more common in females than in males as stated in previous studies. Emotions have been studied because it is intuitively apparent that emotions affect the dynamics of the interaction between a salesperson and customers (Verbeke, 1997); in other words, emotions may significantly affect consumer behavior. Therefore, this thesis also verified whether the facial expressions that transmit emotions could be associated to product evaluations. To investigate these questions, an experiment was done with 171 participants, which were exposed to either smiling (positive emotion) or neutral advertising. The differences between the individual advertisements were limited to the facial expressions of figures in the advertisements (either smiling or neutral/without smiling). One specialist and two students analyzed videotaped records of the participants’ responses...

Emociones en la vida del grupo: porque los grupos también sienten; Emotions in the life of the group: because groups also feel

Pinto, Elsa; Lourenço, Paulo Renato; Dimas, Isabel Cristina Dórdio
Fonte: Fundación Científica y Tecnológica ACHS Publicador: Fundación Científica y Tecnológica ACHS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.13%
Este estudio tuvo por objeto central examinar en qué medida las cuatro etapas de desarrollo de grupo propuestas por el modelo de Lourenço y Miguez (Miguez y Lourenço 2001) difieren entre sí con respecto a las emociones expresadas, falseadas y suprimidas. Bajo un punto de vista experimental, se examinó también si los grupos difieren en el grado de convergencia emocional en función de la etapa de desarrollo donde se encuentran. Se recurrió a la aplicación de dos cuestionarios –PDE (Miguez y Lourenço 2001) y PJAWSN (Ramalho et al. 2008)– a un total de 71 equipos de trabajo, centrando el análisis de los datos en nivel del grupo. Los resultados obtenidos a través del análisis de variancia (ANOVA) muestran que: a) grupos en la 2ª etapa de desarrollo tienden a expresar más emociones negativas que grupos en la 3ª etapa y menos emociones positivas que en el 4º nivel; y que, b) grupos en la 1ª etapa tienden a suprimir más emociones que en la 4ª etapa. En cuanto al falseamiento de emociones y convergencias emocionales no fueron encontradas diferencias estadísticamente significativas. En general, se concluye que la manifestación de emociones positivas y negativas se altera a lo largo del trayecto evolutivo de los grupos...

Does the Emotional Go/No-Go Task Really Measure Behavioral Inhibition? Convergence with Measures on a Non-Emotional Analog

Schulz, Kurt P.; Fan, Jin; Magidina, Olga; Marks, David J.; Hahn, Bella; Halperin, Jeffrey M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.39%
This study tested the convergence of behavioral inhibition measures across emotional and non-emotional versions of the same go/no-go task in 85 college students. The two tasks differed only in the stimuli used for trial cues (i.e., circles versus facial expressions). Moderate correlations (r = .51 to r = .56) between commission errors across the emotional and non-emotional tasks support the construct validity of behavioral inhibition. Further, parametric manipulation of preceding context had comparable effects on performance on the two tasks. Responses were slower and more variable, commission errors were more numerous, and perceptual sensitivity was lower on the emotional than the non-emotional task. A bias for happy faces on the emotional task resulted in faster responses and more commission errors for happy than sad faces despite marginally greater sensitivity for the latter. These results suggest that the basic neuropsychological constructs of the original go/no-go task were preserved in the emotional adaptation.

Emotional memory function, personality structure and psychopathology: A neural system approach to the identification of vulnerability markers✩

Haas, Brian W.; Canli, Turhan
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.2%
It is well established that emotional events are ingrained stronger into memory relative to neutral events. Facilitated emotional memory is highly variable between individuals within the normal population and is particularly exacerbated in those diagnosed with mood and anxiety disorders. In order to elucidate how variation of enhanced emotional memory within the normal population may manifest into psychopathological states, we explored the convergence between studies investigating the neural systems engaged in emotional memory facilitation and studies investigating how these systems differ from person to person. Converging evidence highlights the roles of three neural systems (1. Amygdala function and attention, 2. Neuroendocrine function, 3. Interactive effects with mood) that all govern emotional memory facilitation and are highly variable between individuals as a function of personality. We applied this neural system approach to models of vulnerability of three forms of psychopathology that are particularly characterized by atypical emotional memory function (depression, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder). This application suggests that the incorporation of known vulnerability markers across psychological...

Gratitude and forgiveness: Convergence and divergence on self-report and informant ratings

Breen, William E.; Kashdan, Todd B.; Lenser, Monica L.; Fincham, Frank D.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Gratitude and forgiveness are theoretically linked character strengths that tend to be studied in isolation from other strengths. We examined gratitude and forgiveness in the same sample using self and confidant reports to better understand how strengths converge and diverge with personality factors, emotional vulnerabilities, and positive psychological processes. Data suggest that gratitude and forgiveness uniquely relate to personality factors, emotional vulnerabilities, and positive psychological processes with forgiveness evidencing stronger relations than gratitude. Forgiveness also appears to be more robust than gratitude due to the unique effects of forgiveness diminishing correlations between gratitude and other variables. Confidant data demonstrated that strengths were observable by others and related to observer perceptions of well-being. Results are discussed with an emphasis on the benefits of studying character strength profiles.

Early Resolution of Convergence Spasms Following the Addition of Antipsychotic Medications

Hyun, Hyo Jin; Chung, Un Sun; Chun, Bo Young
Fonte: The Korean Ophthalmological Society Publicador: The Korean Ophthalmological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
We report a case of early resolution of convergence spasms following the addition of antipsychotic medications and present it as a possible alternative to the conventional treatment for convergence spasms. The cessation of atropinization of the eyes and the use of reading glasses was achieved after only 2 months following the initiation of antipsychotic medications for childhood emotional disorder.

Limited Convergence of Rhinal Cortical and Dopaminergic Inputs in the Rat Basolateral Amygdala: An Ultrastructural Analysis

Pinard, Courtney R.; Mascagni, Franco; Muller, Jay F.; McDonald, Alexander J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.05%
The basolateral nuclear complex of the amygdala (BLC) receives robust sensory inputs from the rhinal cortices (RCx) that are important for the generation of emotional behavior. The BLC is also one of the main targets of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system. DA potentiates cortical sensory inputs to the BLC, which leads to an increase in the excitability of BLC pyramidal cells. These findings suggest that there may be convergence of RCx and DA inputs onto the dendrites of pyramidal cells in the BLC. In the present study we used dual-labeling immunohistochemistry and anterograde tract-tracing at the ultrastructural level to test this hypothesis in the rat brain. RCx axons were labeled by Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) injections, whereas tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was used as a marker for DA axons. The extent of convergence of these axons was analyzed in the posterior subdivision of the basolateral nucleus (BLp), which is densely innervated by both inputs. RCx synapses were asymmetrical and mainly contacted dendritic spines (86.4%) and dendritic shafts (12.1%). TH-positive (TH+) terminals also mainly formed synapses (symmetrical) and appositions with spines and shafts of dendrites. However, ultrastructural analysis found a very low percentage of RCx terminals converging with DA terminals onto unlabeled dendrites (9.4%) and axons (7.5 %)...

The Disappointing Gift: Dispositional and Situational Moderators of Emotional Expressions

Tobin, Renée M.; Graziano, William G.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.07%
Inferences about emotions in children are limited by studies that rely on only one research method. Convergence across methods provides a stronger basis for inference by identifying method variance. This multimethod study of 116 children (mean age = 8.21 years) examined emotional displays during social exchange. Each child received a desirable gift and later an undesirable gift after performing tasks, with or without mother present. Children’s reactions were observed and coded. Children displayed more positive affect with mother present than with mother absent. Independent ratings of children by adults revealed that children lower in Agreeableness displayed more negative emotion than their peers following receipt of undesirable gifts. A curvilinear interaction between Agreeableness and mother condition predicted negative affect displays. Emotional assessment was discussed in terms of links to social exchange and the development of expressive behavior.

Introspective Minds: Using ALE Meta-Analyses to Study Commonalities in the Neural Correlates of Emotional Processing, Social & Unconstrained Cognition

Schilbach, Leonhard; Bzdok, Danilo; Timmermans, Bert; Fox, Peter T.; Laird, Angela R.; Vogeley, Kai; Eickhoff, Simon B.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/02/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.12%
Previous research suggests overlap between brain regions that show task-induced deactivations and those activated during the performance of social-cognitive tasks. Here, we present results of quantitative meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies, which confirm a statistical convergence in the neural correlates of social and resting state cognition. Based on the idea that both social and unconstrained cognition might be characterized by introspective processes, which are also thought to be highly relevant for emotional experiences, a third meta-analysis was performed investigating studies on emotional processing. By using conjunction analyses across all three sets of studies, we can demonstrate significant overlap of task-related signal change in dorso-medial prefrontal and medial parietal cortex, brain regions that have, indeed, recently been linked to introspective abilities. Our findings, therefore, provide evidence for the existence of a core neural network, which shows task-related signal change during socio-emotional tasks and during resting states.

Emotional Speech Processing at the Intersection of Prosody and Semantics

Schwartz, Rachel; Pell, Marc D.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/10/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.21%
The ability to accurately perceive emotions is crucial for effective social interaction. Many questions remain regarding how different sources of emotional cues in speech (e.g., prosody, semantic information) are processed during emotional communication. Using a cross-modal emotional priming paradigm (Facial affect decision task), we compared the relative contributions of processing utterances with single-channel (prosody-only) versus multi-channel (prosody and semantic) cues on the perception of happy, sad, and angry emotional expressions. Our data show that emotional speech cues produce robust congruency effects on decisions about an emotionally related face target, although no processing advantage occurred when prime stimuli contained multi-channel as opposed to single-channel speech cues. Our data suggest that utterances with prosodic cues alone and utterances with combined prosody and semantic cues both activate knowledge that leads to emotional congruency (priming) effects, but that the convergence of these two information sources does not always heighten access to this knowledge during emotional speech processing.

Emotional and behavioral symptoms in neurodegenerative disease: A model for studying the neural bases of psychopathology

Levenson, Robert W.; Sturm, Virginia E.; Haase, Claudia M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Disruptions in emotional, cognitive, and social behavior are common in neurodegenerative disease and many forms of psychopathology. Because neurodegenerative diseases have much clearer patterns of brain atrophy, they may provide a window into the neural bases of these common symptoms. We discuss five common symptoms that occur in both neurodegenerative disease and psychopathology (i.e., anxiety, dysphoric mood, apathy, disinhibition, and euphoric mood) and their associated neural circuitry. We focus on two neurodegenerative diseases (i.e., Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal dementia) that are common and well-characterized in terms of emotion, cognition, and social behavior and in patterns of associated neuropathology. Neurodegenerative diseases provide a powerful model system for studying the neural correlates of psychopathological symptoms; this is supported by evidence indicating convergence with psychiatric syndromes (e.g., symptoms of disinhibition associated with dysfunction in orbitofrontal cortex and inferior frontal gyrus in both frontotemporal dementia and bipolar disorder). We conclude that neurodegenerative diseases can play an important role in future approaches to the assessment, prevention, and treatment of mental illness.

Somatic influences on subjective well-being and affective disorders: the convergence of thermosensory and central serotonergic systems

Raison, Charles L.; Hale, Matthew W.; Williams, Lawrence E.; Wager, Tor D.; Lowry, Christopher A.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.98%
Current theories suggest that the brain is the sole source of mental illness. However, affective disorders, and major depressive disorder (MDD) in particular, may be better conceptualized as brain-body disorders that involve peripheral systems as well. This perspective emphasizes the embodied, multifaceted physiology of well-being, and suggests that afferent signals from the body may contribute to cognitive and emotional states. In this review, we focus on evidence from preclinical and clinical studies suggesting that afferent thermosensory signals contribute to well-being and depression. Although thermoregulatory systems have traditionally been conceptualized as serving primarily homeostatic functions, increasing evidence suggests neural pathways responsible for regulating body temperature may be linked more closely with emotional states than previously recognized, an affective warmth hypothesis. Human studies indicate that increasing physical warmth activates brain circuits associated with cognitive and affective functions, promotes interpersonal warmth and prosocial behavior, and has antidepressant effects. Consistent with these effects, preclinical studies in rodents demonstrate that physical warmth activates brain serotonergic neurons implicated in antidepressant-like effects. Together...

Emotional intelligence: a psychometric study.

Warwick, Janette Kay
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.07%
The purpose of this thesis has been to develop new trait-based and abilities-based measures of "emotional intelligence" (EI), and evaluate their psychometric properties. A popular construct, some have claimed that EI is more important than IQ in predicting life success (Goleman, 1995). But developments in the definition and measurement of EI have not kept pace with these assertions. A review of current conceptualisations of EI in chapter I indicated that there is no consensually agreed upon definition of the construct (Van Rooy &Viswesvaran, 2004). In addition, an examination of EI instruments in chapter 2 indicated a number of limitations with respect to their psychometric properties. In particular, self-report measures of EI typically lack discriminant validity in relation to existing personality domains, and comparatively few studies have examined the incremental validity of these measures. A comparison of outcomes both before and after personality is controlled for is also of interest to obtain a more complete picture of the total and unique variance that EI is able to account for. A further limitation of existent performance-based measures relates to scoring methods and ultimately reliability outcomes. Nevertheless, the construct has the potential to be able to account for additional variance in test scores...

La inteligencia emocional y el tratamiento de las conductas disruptivas en el aula de clase

Buitrago Múñoz, Diego Andrés; Herrera Ortigoza, Carmen Rosa
Fonte: Ibagué : Universidad del Tolima, 2015; Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Programa de Maestría en Educación Publicador: Ibagué : Universidad del Tolima, 2015; Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Programa de Maestría en Educación
Tipo: Trabajo de grado - Maestría; Text; info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.23%
110 Páginas; Recurso Electrónico; El presente trabajo de investigación tiene como objetivo describir la influencia que tiene la inteligencia emocional de los profesores de grado quinto de la Institución Educativa Distrital Arborizadora Baja de Bogotá, en el tratamiento de las conductas disruptivas de sus estudiantes en el aula de clase. Para este fin, se contextualizaron teóricamente los conceptos de inteligencia emocional y conductas disruptivas. La inteligencia emocional resume las capacidades para interactuar con habilidad a través de las emociones y sentimientos, permitiendo desarrollar autoconocimiento, motivación y control de impulsos, entre otros procesos. Las conductas disruptivas son expresiones que generan interrupción en el desarrollo de una actividad escolar. El trabajo se adelantó a través de un modelo de investigación expostfacto de tipo descriptivo. Los participantes fueron estudiantes de los tres cursos de grado quinto de la institución educativa referenciada y sus correspondientes directores de curso. Se aplicó el test de Inteligencia emocional TMMS 24, dos encuestas y una entrevista estructurada a profesores. Se encontró un nivel normal de inteligencia emocional en los tres profesores, salvo diferencias importantes en uno...

The Mere Co-Presence: Synchronization of Autonomic Signals and Emotional Responses across Co-Present Individuals Not Engaged in Direct Interaction

Golland, Yulia; Arzouan, Yossi; Levit-Binnun, Nava
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/05/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.35%
Existing evidence suggests that in social contexts individuals become coupled in their emotions and behaviors. Furthermore, recent biological studies demonstrate that the physiological signals of interacting individuals become coupled as well, exhibiting temporally synchronized response patterns. However, it is yet unknown whether people can shape each other's responses without the direct, face-to-face interaction. Here we investigated whether the convergence of physiological and emotional states can occur among “merely co-present” individuals, without direct interactional exchanges. To this end, we measured continuous autonomic signals and collected emotional responses of participants who watched emotional movies together, seated side-by-side. We found that the autonomic signals of co-present participants were idiosyncratically synchronized and that the degree of this synchronization was correlated with the convergence of their emotional responses. These findings suggest that moment-to-moment emotional transmissions, resulting in shared emotional experiences, can occur in the absence of direct communication and are mediated by autonomic synchronization.

Assessing Social-Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia With the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test

Eack, Shaun M.; Greeno, Catherine G.; Pogue-Geile, Michael F.; Newhill, Christina E.; Hogarty, Gerard E.; Keshavan, Matcheri S.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.12%
The emotion management subscale of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) has recently been recommended by the National Institute of Mental Health Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia committee as the sole measure of social cognition for trials of cognitive enhancement in schizophrenia, yet the psychometric properties of this subscale and the larger instrument in schizophrenia patients have not been thoroughly examined. This research presents a psychometric investigation of the MSCEIT in a sample of 64 early course outpatients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or schizophreniform disorder. Results demonstrated that the MSCEIT possesses adequate internal consistency reliability among its branch and total scales and that patients’ branch and overall test performance was significantly below normative levels. Estimates of discriminant and concurrent validity indicated that the MSCEIT diverged from measures of neurocognitive functioning and psychopathology, but was only modestly related with objective measures of functional outcome. Convergent validity estimates suggested that, contrary to expectations, the MSCEIT did not correlate with a behavioral measure of social cognition. Finally...

Bone marrow transplant: a biological and psychosocial convergence; Transplante de medula óssea: uma confluência biopsicossocial

Dóro, Maribel Pelaez; Pasquini, Ricardo
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/12/2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
The purpose of this article is to verify certain components of the contextualization of bone marrow transplanting and its interference in the care and interpretation of the psyche-body of the person who is suffering the illnes. The identification of the psychological aspects of cancer, boné marrow transplant, patients and psychosocial morbidity is an important step towards therapeutic intervention plans. Psychologists and doctors can work together with the aim of reducing stress and contributing positively towards patients' recovery, since the experience of a bone marrow transplant includes undergoing physical and physiological alterations, emotional, functional, social, family and spiritual changes. Keywords: Bone Marrow Transplant vs. Biological and Psychosocial Convergence.; O objetivo deste artigo é verificar alguns componentes da contextualização do transplante de medula óssea e a sua interferência nos cuidados e na interpretação da psique-corpo daquele que perpassa pelo adoecimento. A identificação dos aspectos psicológicos do câncer, do transplante de medula óssea, dos pacientes e da morbidade psicossocial é um passo importante em direção aos planos de intervenções terapêuticas. Psicólogos e médicos podem trabalhar juntos com o intuito de reduzir o estresse e contribuir positivamente na recuperação dos pacientes...

Spreading engagement: on the role of similarity in the positive contagion of team work engagement

Torrente,Pedro; Salanova,Marisa; Llorens,Susana
Fonte: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones Publicador: Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
Emotional contagion theory applied to work and organizations posits that positive emotions are shared among team members, thus enabling them to converge in desirable shared states such as team work engagement. The aim of this study is to analyze how similarity among team members in terms of gender and company tenure is related to convergence in work engagement at the team level. Similarity in terms of gender and company tenure was expected to be positively related to convergence in team work engagement. Hierarchical regression modeling in 161 teams showed that similarity in terms of gender was positively related to convergence in team work engagement, whereas, unexpectedly, similarity in company tenure was negatively related to convergence in team work engagement.