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CXC chemokine responses of intestinal epithelial cells to Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli.

Rogers, Trisha Jayne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2336084 bytes; 96777 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 Português
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Since Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are not considered to be enteroinvasive, the mechanism(s) by which Shiga toxin (Stx) gains access to the circulation and to target tissues expressing its target receptor Gb3 is crucial to the disease process. There is increasing evidence that by facilitating translocation of Stx across the intestinal epithelium and by transporting bound toxin to remote sites such as the renal endothelium, polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) play a key role in the pathogenesis of serious STEC disease. Plasma levels of PMN-attracting CXC chemokines such as IL-8 also appear to correlate in humans with the severity of disease. Thus, the capacity of STEC strains to elicit CXC chemokine responses in intestinal epithelial cells may be a crucial step in pathogenesis. In order to determine which STEC factor(s) are responsible for the induction of CXC chemokine responses by intestinal epithelial (HCT-8) cells, a real-time reverse transcription PCR assay was developed to quantitatively measure relative expression of chemokine mRNA for IL-8, ENA-78, GCP-2, MGSA, MIP-2α and MIP-2β. Similarly, a commercially available sandwich ELISA was used to measure levels of IL-8 protein secreted by HCT-8 cells in response to infection with STEC. When HCT-8 cells were infected with the wellcharacterised locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE)-negative O113:H21 strain 98NK2 or the LEE-positive STEC strain EDL933...