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Angola : Public Expenditure Review, Volume 1. Policy Briefing

World Bank; European Commission; Food and Agriculture Organization; United Nations Children’s Fund; United Nations Development Program; World Health Organization
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
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This report concerns about policy briefing and outlines the main findings and policy options associated with the analysis of public spending in terms of equity and allocative efficiency. This Public Expenditure Review (PER) covers the sectors of Education, Health, Agriculture, and the area of decentralization. The main objective of this Public Expenditure Review is to examine the allocative efficiency and equity of public spending in Angola. Five cross-cutting messages are drawn from the analysis of public spending and fiscal management in the context of this Public Expenditure Review: (i) the need to prepare public spending plans within a multiyear perspective; (ii) the need to improve the efficiency of public spending; (iii) the need to improve the quality of the data on social indicators and on the budget; (iv) the need to observe equity considerations in the preparation of the budget ; and (v) the need for steady progress with decentralization. The first volume, a policy briefing, outlines the main findings and policy options associated with the analysis of public spending in terms of equity and allocative efficiency. The second volume presents a fuller assessment of each sector and on decentralization

Bolivia : diaspora and emigration policies

HINOJOSA GORDONOVA, Alfonso; DE LA TORRE AVILA, Leonardo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Is immigration on the Bolivian political agenda? If we only analyze the official census figures and focus on laws, decrees and public policy initiatives, we should probably answer ‘no’. However, as we shall see, we have to consider another reality after integrating various statistical estimates that increase official numbers and after acknowledging the work of some governmental departments as well as non-governmental social research and advocacy organizations and Bolivian migrants associations abroad. To understand the difference in the response to migration questions in Bolivia, we now present the policy and institutional foundations on which the immigration debate is held in Bolivia. Some public policy, civil right defense and research initiatives have been proposed and established, but these initiatives would be best judged after considering how much political and economic support they will receive in future.; INTERACT - Researching Third Country Nationals’ Integration as a Three-way Process - Immigrants, Countries of Emigration and Countries of Immigration as Actors of Integration; INTERACT is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union.

Integration policies : Sweden country report

ANDERSSON, Ruben; WEINAR, Agnieszka
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Since new rules on labour migration came into force in 2008, Sweden’s migration policy has been recognised as being among the most open and liberal in the OECD countries (OECD 2011). Sweden also has a generous asylum system compared with other EU countries, taking large numbers of refugees from countries in conflict such as Iraq and Somalia. Integration is a political priority in Sweden, and is high on the political agenda. The goal of Sweden’s integration policies is to ‘ensure equal rights, obligations and opportunities for all, irrespective of their ethnic and cultural background’. The country report provides a very brief overview of Swedish integration policies with a special emphasis on cooperation with the States and communities of origin. Particular attention is given by the author to developments that are relevant for the main INTERACT countries of origin.; INTERACT - Researching Third Country Nationals’ Integration as a Three-way Process - Immigrants, Countries of Emigration and Countries of Immigration as Actors of Integration; INTERACT is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union.

Towards a pro-active European labour migration policy : concrete measures for a comprehensive package

Migration Policy Centre Team; BOSCH, Peter
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf; digital
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Today, Europe is confronted with a remarkable paradox on its labour market. While many are out of work, there is also a serious need for labour. In addressing labour needs, the first priority for the EU and the Member States will be to reinforce policies directed at getting unemployment down. But given demographic characteristics and labour market realities, attracting skills and talents from outside the EU needs, at all costs, to be part of the policy response. This paper aims to identify a number of concrete measures that could be considered when constructing a pro-active European labour migration policy. The ideas and suggestions presented also aim to contribute to the implementation of the Commission’s work programme 2015 and to the new agenda for migration which the European Commission is to present shortly.; The MPC is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union

The Irregular Migration Corridor between the EU and Turkey: Is it Possible to Block it with a Readmission Agreement?

İÇDUYGU, Ahmet
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Improving EU and US Immigration Systems' Capacity for Responding to Global Challenges: Learning from experiences; Over the last decade while a shift from migrantion control to migration management has become an integral part of the EU-based political discources and policy practices relating to irregular migration, the issues of transit migration and readmission agreements seem to be high on the agenda. Within this context, the debate over irregular transit migration from Turkey to the EU is a perfect case study for analyzing how the phenomenon of irregular migration is affecting the European migration and border regimes. It is also an interesting case for analyzing the interplay between the migration-related issues and the EU-Turkey membership negotiations in which the whole notion of “migration management” turns into a type of conditionality measure for the progress and completion of the membership talks. This essay aims at elaborating the recent status of irregular migratory flows from Turkey to Europe referring to their changing volumes, trends and patterns. It also aims at relating the irregular migration through Turkey to the recently negotiated Readmission Agreement between the EU and Turkey which targets the return of apprehended irregular transit migrants in the EU member states to Turkey. In doing so...

European Security Challenges

DÜVELL, Franck; VOLLMER, Bastian
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Improving EU and US Immigration Systems' Capacity for Responding to Global Challenges: Learning from experiences; Irregular migration was first noted during the 1970s, peaked around 2000 and is decreasing, the stock dropped to 3.8 million in 2008 and the flow of clandestine entry dropped to 103,000 apprehensions in 2009. Migration and border controls have been stepped up considerably by the EU and its member states over the past 15 years and were also extended to almost all neighbouring and transit countries along the main routes. Although clandestine entry, notably the arrival of boat people triggers most attention and is high on the policy agenda the overwhelming majority of irregular immigrants enter legally and then overstay, work in breach of their visa limits or otherwise lose their status; others claim asylum, are refused but stay on irregularly.

An EU Agenda for Global Governance

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Outros Formato: application/pdf
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Introduction, Miguel POIARES MADURO 1 European Union and Multilateral Global Governance, José Manuel DURÃO BARROSO 3 Global Governance, Thomas BIERSTEKER 9 Technocratic Temptations and the Global Governance Dilemma of the European Union, Pepper D. CULPEPPER 13 Migration on the Global Governance Agenda, Philippe FARGUES 17 The European Union and the International Liberalisation of Network Industries: The Case of Transatlantic Aviation, Adrienne HÉRITIER and Yannis KARAGIANNIS 23 EU Multilateralism: Rhetoric and Reality in the Context of Global Governance, Christopher HILL, Nadia KLEIN, Wolfgang WESSELS 31 The EU and Global Governance, Harold JAMES 37 Why the 'Second Superpower' Needs a New Discourse, Andrew MORAVCSIK 43 Towards Responsible Interdependence, Kalypso NICOLAÏDIS 47 The European Laboratory for Multilevel Governance of Interdependent Public Goods: EU Leadership for Global Public Goods?, Ernst-Ulrich PETERSMANN 55 EU Governance in the Light of New Regulations Introduced by the Lisbon Treaty, Dusan SIDJANSKI 61 The EU and the Challenge of Global Macroeconomic Governance, David VINES 67

Exploring new avenues for legislation for labour migration to the European Union

MARTIN, Iván; DI BARTOLOMEO, Anna; DE BRUYCKER, Philippe; RENAUDIERE, Géraldine; SALAMONSKA, Justyna; VENTURINI, Alessandra
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Study for the LIBE Committee.; The paradox between the need for international labour migration to counter the impending demographic crisis in Europe and the lack of commensurate policy instruments to attract and integrate labour migration from third countries into the EU is one of the key strategic issues for Europe. Upon request by the LIBE committee, this research paper reviews the social and economic context of EU international labour migration policy, the status of relevant EU legislation and the available policy options from a comprehensive labour market perspective, as well as their feasibility. These options for opening up legal labour migration channels to the EU should be considered in the framework of the ongoing discussion over the European Agenda on Migration.

A comprehensive labour market approach to EU labour migration policy

MARTIN, Iván; VENTURINI, Alessandra
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Opening up new legal migration channels' to respond to economic needs for labour is one of the four priorities of the European Commission for its upcoming European Agenda on Migration. The EU approach to legal labour migration has, to date, been very fragmented and limited. It has focused, indeed, on specific categories of potential legal migrants: highly-qualified, intra-corporate transferees, seasonal workers or students and non-remunerated trainees and researchers. The approach is clearly not up to the challenges posed by the EU labour market prospects and does not integrate, in a comprehensive way, all third-country nationals accessing European labour markets, including family reunification beneficiaries, asylum-seekers and foreign students. The main challenges related to the development of a EU labour migration vision are the following. How to articulate intra-EU mobility and international migration to the EU labour market? How to make EU- and Member States legal migration systems and competences compatible? How to ensure that employers can tap workers from a sufficient pool of suitably qualified individuals (and that qualifications obtained abroad are recognized)? And how to reduce international labour matching costs? This policy brief aims to provide some ideas to address those challenges over a medium- to long-term perspective...

Reforming the EU blue card as a labour migration policy tool?

KALANTARYAN, Sona; MARTIN, Iván
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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One of the four priorities of the European Commission in its preparation for the European Agenda on Migration was to open up 'new legal migration channels, including the revision of the 'Blue Card' Directive'. This comes after only three years of full implementation of this EU immigration policy instrument (and not even that for some Member States). Meanwhile, in its 2014 Communication on the implementation of the Blue Card Directive, the European Commission had decided not to propose any amendment. However, it should not be forgotten that the Blue Card Directive was not designed primarily for the labour market needs of the EU. Rather, it was run to enhance European competitiveness by attracting highly-qualified third-country nationals, and this under quite restrictive conditions of salary and qualifications. As a result there have been only low numbers of beneficiaries to date: 19,000 in 2012 and 2013 for the whole EU. To develop the Blue Card Directive into a true highly-skilled labour-migration management tool able to respond to current and future labour market needs in Europe, would mean changes in scope, conditions and implementation modalities by Member States.; The MPC is co-financed by the European University Institute and the European Union.

EU anti-trafficking policies : from migration and crime control to prevention and protection

RUBIO GRUNDELL, Lucrecia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
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Trafficking in Human Beings (THB) emerged on the EU's agenda in the mid-1990s. Since then, it has been the subject of increased media attention, intense political cooperation and much legal regulation. Despite three decades of commitment to maximizing co-operation in the fight against THB however, facts regarding prevention, prosecution and especially protection remain extremely discouraging. The upcoming adoption of the European Agenda on Migration therefore, which points to the 'fight against criminal human trafficking networks' as one of its four priorities, is promising. It may mark the stepping up the EU's efforts to implement the existing tools and cooperation in dealing with THB. Even more so, when the transitional period for the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty's provisions regarding Justice and Home Affairs expired in December 2014. This policy brief argues however, that even though the absence of internal borders renders a European approach indispensable, the management of migration flows from third countries is not an adequate framework within which to tackle THB. In fact, the incorporation of THB into the category of migration, especially irregular migration, is arguably one of the main reasons for the lack of success of EU anti-trafficking policies to date. A revision of EU anti-trafficking policies should ensure a more inclusive decision-making process...

Growth Poles Program : Political Economy of Social Capital

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
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The Government of Sierra Leone (GosL) and the World Bank (WB) have agreed upon the design and implementation of a growth poles program (GPP) in support of the agenda for prosperity (A4P), the GoSL's third poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSPIII). With support from the European Union competitive industries and innovation practice trust fund, the WB has been undertaking a series of scoping and diagnostic analyses on the GPP since early 2013, and to date this work has constituted the main part of the first phase of the approach (the initial diagnostic stage). This diagnostic work was completed in August 2013 and the diagnostic report confirmed that the growth pole approach can feasibly support and facilitate economic development in two geographical areas of the country. This analytical report attempts to provide a window into the undercurrents and the nuances that affect and shape the characteristics of host communities into which investment takes place. The report also highlights the various input considerations that need to be acknowledged (land...

China in Regional Trade Agreements : Labor Mobility Provisions

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study
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This report is structured in three volumes: competition provisions; environment provisions; and labor mobility provisions. The main messages of this three volumes are as follows: 1) competition laws and policies are increasingly being established at the regional level, as they could be instrumental in supporting the benefits of trade and investment liberalization; 2) China may want to use the opportunity of these negotiations to: (a) further discipline its state-owned enterprises;(b) carefully consider the possible role of antidumping policies; and (c) promote and lock-in domestic reforms aimed at improving its domestic competition policies; 3) with a shift of the development agenda from primarily pursuing growth to achieving a more balanced and sustainable development and taking into account China's high reliance on trade, it may be increasingly in China's interest to pro-actively engage its partners on environmental issues in its regional trade agreement (RTA) negotiations; and 4) while the world economy stands to gain massively from liberalization in the mobility of labor...

Latvia - The Quest for Jobs and Growth : A World Bank Country Economic Memorandum, Volume 1. Policy Briefing

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Economic Memorandum; Economic & Sector Work
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As a strong reformer among the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC), Latvia has recorded a dramatic economic improvement recent years, with relatively strong growth, increased investment rates, and clear signs of easing labor market conditions. A stabilization package designed around a fixed exchange rate regime, and prudent fiscal policies, as well as structural reforms, have yielded good results, although the current account deficit is still high, and the fiscal stance has deteriorated somewhat since 2001. Unemployment has declined from its peak of almost 21 percent in the mid-1990s, to about 12 percent in 2002. Since 2000, youth and the elderly have been more active in the labor market, while prime age employment is on the rise. Factors explaining the decline in unemployment include: changes in demographics; stronger growth and investment; and, progress in structural reforms. Yet, some substantial problems remain and must be addressed. Migration and commuting between regions are impaired by high transportation costs and underdeveloped housing markets; incomes are low in rural areas nationwide; Latvia's labor force features a skills mismatch; taxes on labor use are relatively high...

Migration and Skills : The Experience of Migrant Workers from Albania, Egypt, Moldova, and Tunisia

Sabadie, Jesus Alquezar; Avato, Johanna; Bardak, Ummuhan; Panzica, Francesco; Popova, Natalia
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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The subject of migration, and how best to manage it, has been moving up the policy agenda of the European Union for some time now. Faced with an aging population, possible skills shortages at all skills levels, and the need to compete for highly skilled migrants with countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United States, the European Union (EU) is moving from seeing migration as a problem or a threat to viewing it as an opportunity. As an EU agency promoting skills and human capital development in transition and developing countries, the European Training Foundation (ETF) wished to explore the impact of migration on skills development, with a special emphasis on Diasporas and returning migrants. For the World Bank, the issue of migration forms an integral part of its approach to social protection, since it believes that labor-market policy must take into account the national as well the international dimensions of skilled labor mobility. Both institutions were keen to look at what changes need to be made to migration policy in order to achieve a triple-win situation...

Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics--Europe 2004 : Economic Integration and Social Responsibility

Bourguignon, Francois; Jacquet, Pierre; Pleskovic, Boris
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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To address these broad questions: How to analyze the impact of globalization? What is the effect of rich countries' policies on developing ones? How to redefine the development agenda and scale-up the aid effort? The European Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE-Europe) focused on some of the problematic features of globalization and discussed the global impact of developed countries' policies in a number of crucial areas for developing countries, such as farm trade, migrations, the protection of intellectual property, and capital flows. It also highlighted the role and responsibilities of the private sector. This volume, organized in twelve chapters, opens with the five plenary session papers that were at the core of the discussion and focuses on five crucial issues and policy challenges: agricultural trade, migration flows, intellectual property rights, the costs and benefits of international capital flows, and options for sovereign debt restructuring. The seven remaining chapters offer a collection of selected papers discussed in the parallel workshops held during the conference. They cover a wider range of issues...

Análisis de la nueva política migratoria y de cooperación de España hacia África Subsahariana y su incidencia en la articulación de la política de inmigración de la Unión Europea de 2004 a 2009

Cely Torres, Ingrid Katherine
Fonte: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales Publicador: Facultad de Relaciones Internacionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2011 Português
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Esta monografía analiza la nueva diplomacia migratoria española enfocada hacia África Subsahariana y el proceso que llevó a cabo el Gobierno de José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero por reintroducir el Enfoque Global sobre Migraciones dentro de las prioridades de la agenda política común europea.; This thesis analyzes the new Spanish immigration diplomacy focused on Sub-Saharan Africa and the process that held the government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero to reintroduce the Global Approach on Migration on the priorities of the common European policy agenda.

Citizens of the Market: New Forms of International Migration and their Consequences for People, Parties and Political Systems

Paul, Ruxandra
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
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How does high-mobility migration affect politics in the migrants' countries of origin? This dissertation examines the socio-political effects of intra-EU migrations using quantitative and qualitative data from Romania and Poland, two of the European Union's main migrant-sending countries. The project makes a triple contribution. First, it analyzes on multiple levels the impact of free movement, producing a complete picture of systemic political transformation. It examines shifts in migrants' worldviews, political attitudes and attachments (micro-level ethnography); changes in the electoral appeal of political parties in regions with relatively higher citizen mobility (meso-level quantitative analysis of Polish voivodships and Romanian judete); and the strategies migrant-sending countries use to cope with the challenges of free movement. Second, unlike sociological, economic and ethnographic studies of recent migratory flows, which treat the phenomenon's political dimension as a side effect, this project anchors the research agenda in mainstream political science by placing the state-citizen relationship at the core of the inquiry as a conceptual benchmark for understanding migration-related political evolutions. Third, by focusing on EU-associated free movement...

European citizenship and political incorporation. Pathways to power of British and Romanian residents in Spain

Ciornei, Irina
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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La presente tesis doctoral se enfoca en la dimensión política de la ciudadanía europea. La investigación pretende entender y explicar cómo los ciudadanos europeos que viven en otro país están incorporados en la política local de sus lugares de residencia. El análisis discute el caso de los residentes rumanos y británicos en España, dos grupos de europeos que ilustran el diverso paisaje de la movilidad europea en término de recursos socio-económicos, tipología migratoria y percepción y recepción en sus países de acogida. Desde una perspectiva teórica, propongo un nuevo marco analítico sobre la incorporación política. Dicha propuesta va más allá de la dicotomía agencia/estructura de oportunidades y plantea introducir una perspectiva transnacional en el análisis. El estudio se enfoca en cómo las organizaciones y los emprendedores políticos (candidatos y concejales locales) por parte de los dos grupos están incluidos en los procesos políticos de sus lugares de residencia. Desde una perspectiva metodológica utilizo un enfoque multi-metódo que me permite tener tanto una visión de conjunto como una mirada en profundidad de los fenómenos de incorporación política. El análisis plantea dos argumentos generales. En primer lugar...

Ethnicity, migration and the 'social determinants of health' agenda

Ingleby,David
Fonte: Psychosocial Intervention Publicador: Psychosocial Intervention
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2012 Português
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One of the most promising recent developments in health policy has been the emergence of a global 'health equity' movement concerned with the social determinants of health. In European research and policy-making, however, there is an strong tendency to reduce 'social determinants' to 'socioeconomic determinants' and to ignore the role of ethnicity, migration and other factors in the creation of inequities. This threatens to hold up the development of work on ethnicity and migration and thus to perpetuate inequities linked to these factors. The present article sets out to illustrate this tendency and to investigate the reasons which may underlie it. The justifications often put forward for neglecting ethnicity and migration are shown to be erroneous. An integrated approach, simultaneously taking account of socioeconomic status, migration and ethnicity as well as other determinants of inequity, is essential if work on the social determinants of health is to make progress. Equity is indivisible; researchers investigating different aspects of social stratification should not treat each other as rivals, but as indispensible allies. An integrated, intersectional, multivariate and multilevel approach will improve our understanding of health inequities and make available more resources for tackling them.