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A integração como fenômeno jurídico-político: uma leitura sobre a construção histórica da CECA; Integration as a legal-political phenomenon: a reading of the historical construction of the ECSC

Giannattasio, Arthur Roberto Capella
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.36%
Pretendendo evidenciar uma leitura jurídico-política sobre o começo da integração europeia - iniciada por meio da fundação jurídica da CECA, esta Tese visa a responder à pergunta: quando, como e por meio de quais instituições, países europeus tradicionalmente opostos em termos militares estabeleceram entre si, após o término da Segunda Guerra Mundial, de maneira inédita e inaudita em sua História, um novo modo de relações responsável por tornar impossível e impensável a deflagração de nova Guerra regional? Para responder a essa pergunta, o presente trabalho assume a perspectiva de uma Pesquisa interdisciplinar em Direito, recorrendo não apenas ao Direito Positivo, mas também a outras áreas do conhecimento, tais como a Filosofia Política Antiga e Contemporânea e a História Contemporânea da Europa. O objetivo consiste em formular um aparato discursivo racional conceitual a partir de matriz de leitura fornecida pela Filosofia Política Antiga e Contemporânea para, em seguida, aplicá-lo sobre elementos da experiência histórica e jurídico-normativa positiva da CECA. A chave de leitura conceitual formada a partir de contribuições da Filosofia Política tem sua origem principalmente na aproximação das reflexões de POLÍBIO e de Claude LEFORT. O trabalho evidencia a importância de normas jurídicas institucionalmente previstas para lidar com oposições escalares na construção e na manutenção de um sistema de relações jurídico-Politicamente organizado...

European integration and bank efficiency : a panel cost frontier approach

Ferreira, Cândida
Fonte: ISEG - Departamento de Economia Publicador: ISEG - Departamento de Economia
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the relatively scarce published research on the relationship between European integration and banking efficiency. Estimating cost translog frontier functions for different panels of European Union countries for the time period 1994-2008 we conclude that there is always technical inefficiency. Additionally, although country inefficiencies have decreased in recent years (2000-2008), there are no remarkable changes in the countries’ ranking positions. Our results also point to the existence of a quite slow convergence process across EU countries during the period analysed, as well as its acceleration after the establishment of the European Monetary Union.

The Discovery of (a European) Society? - A Polanyian appraisal of European integration after the Maastricht Treaty

Santos, Mariana
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em 25/10/2012 Português
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66.26%
Abstract The ongoing Eurocrisis expresses the limits of an institutional setup designed to run the Euro as commodity money and to organize labour into competitive markets. Building on Polanyi’s (1944) claim that “a market economy can exist only in a market society”, this paper approaches the project of European integration “as an instituted process” (Polanyi, 1957) of enactment of a market economy embedded in a market society. Section 1 builds a polanyian framework, with particular focus on the theoretical tension between the notions of market disembeddedness and embeddedness in a market society. Section 2 presents the structure of European multilevel governance as an institutional blueprint of market disembeddedness. A third section explores the dynamics of translation of the European Market Economy into a European Market Society. The paper concludes by arguing that a solution to the Eurocrisis that is both Europeanist and democratic will require replacing the liberal ethos of the market for the public sphere, as rationale for the European society embedding the European economy.

The great transformation of political economies in Europe: a polanyian appraisal of european integration after the Maastricht Treaty

Santos, Mariana Figueiras Alves dos
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2011 Português
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66.32%
Mestrado em Economia e Políticas Públicas; Throughout its history, many were the times the European project was pronounced dead. From 1992 Danish blockage to the Maastricht Treaty to the French and Dutch „No‟s to a European Constitution in 2005, the spectre of faltering political institutions for shaping an integrated economy seems to rise stronger every time. The hypothesis of this dissertation is that the European project is well captured by Polanyi‟s thesis of the Double Movement. The institutional architecture of European integration, it is argued, triggers a process of market disembeddedness. This architecture is characterized by an asymmetry between negative integration advanced by supranational enforcement of the Single Market and intergovernmental governance of positive (market-shaping) integration. As a result, particularly after the Maastricht Treaty, domestic institutions have been pressured to comply with market requirements. At the same time, however, protective countermovements arose to reembed a disembedded economy. This dissertation is structured as follows: Chapter 1 explores Polanyi‟s thesis of the Double Movement; chapter 2 builds on the Varieties of Capitalism approach to identify distinct market embedding institutions in Europe (according to these differences...

European Integration and Democratic Consolidation: Spain, Poland and Turkey in Comparative Perspective

Erdem, Engin I.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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66.28%
The study explored when, under what conditions, and to what extent did European integration, particularly the European Union’s requirement for democratic conditionality, contribute to democratic consolidation in Spain, Poland, and Turkey? On the basis of a four-part definition, the dissertation examined the democratizing impact of European integration process on each of the following four components of consolidation: (i) holding of fair, free and competitive elections, (ii) protection of fundamental rights, including human and minority rights, (iii) high prospects of regime survival and civilian control of the military, and (iv) legitimacy, elite consensus, and stateness. To assess the relative significance of EU’s democratizing leverage, the thesis also examined domestic and non-EU international dynamics of democratic consolidation in the three countries. By employing two qualitative methods (case study and process-tracing), the study focused on three specific time frames: 1977-1986 for Spain, 1994-2004 for Poland, and 1999-present for Turkey. In addition to official documents, newspapers, and secondary sources, face-to-face interviews made with politicians, academics, experts, bureaucrats, and journalists in the three countries were utilized. The thesis generated several conclusions. First of all...

Transatlantische Dissonanzen: Kennedy, de Gaulle und die europäische Integration, 1960-1963; Transatlantic Differences: Kennedy, de Gaulle and the European integration, 1960-1963

Wirtz, Christian
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Diese Dissertation diskutiert die Europapolitik des amerikanischen Präsidenten John F. Kennedy von 1960 bis 1963, daher steht seine Einstellung zu dem politischen und wirtschaftlichen Projekt der Europäer im Zentrum der Studie. Kennedy sah die Zusammenarbeit der europäischen Staaten als wesentlich an, jedoch wollte er ein zu starkes Europa, das die Vormachtstellung der USA gefährden könnte, vermeiden. Der französischer Staatspräsident Charles de Gaulle war mit diesem Konzept der europäischen Integration nicht einverstanden. Er warnte regelmäßig vor einem zu starken amerikanischen Einfluss. Er sah diesen Einfluss als große Gefahr für die Zukunft eines unabhängigen Europas an. Ein Konflikt zwischen den beiden Staatsmännern war somit unausweichlich. Der Autor beschreibt die verschiedenen Aspekte dieser Kontroverse: in der Sicherheitspolitik, der Handelspolitik, aber auch bei der Frage, ob Großbritannien Mitglied in der Europäischen Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft werden sollte. Gleichzeitig wird nach den tieferen Ursachen für den französischen-amerikanischen Streit gesucht, wobei der Autor zu folgendem Ergebnis kommt: beide Politiker hatten eine vollkommen unterschiedliche Wahrnehmung von der richtigen politischen Strategie Europas und waren nicht fähig einen fairen Kompromiss zu finden.; This thesis discusses the European policy of the American president John F. Kennedy from 1960 to 1963...

Triebfeder innerstaatlicher Verfassungsreformen? Der Einfluss der europäischen Integration auf die Verfassungspolitik im deutschen Bundesstaat. Die Europäisierung ausgewählter Policy-Felder im Rahmen der Föderalismusreform I; The impact of European integration on constitutional policy in the German federal system

Eppler, Annegret
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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66.16%
Die Studie untersucht die Auswirkungen der Einbettung des föderalen Systems in das europäische Mehrebenensystem auf die Verfassungspolitik anhand der Verhandlungen und des Ergebnisses der "Föderalismusreform I", insbesondere in den Bereichen Umweltpolitik und europapolitische Zusammenarbeit von Bund und Ländern.; The paper analyzes the impact of European integration on the federal system in Germany. It focusses on the negotiations and outcomes of the "federalism reform I" (environmental policy, coordination of EU policies).

European Integration and the Nationalities Question

KEATING, Michael
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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66.18%
European Integration Questions the Relationship between Nation and State. It under-mines traditional sovereignty and weakens the need for statehood. Minority nationalist movements have in many cases adopted the European theme, adjusting their ideology and strategy accordingly. Some have used "new regionalist" themes to construct new systems of action below and beyond the state. Europe provides opportunities for territorial movements and grants some minority protections. There are differences between Western Europe and Central and Eastern Europe because of the evolution of state structures. The prospective European constitution risks formalizing the European Union as a two-level game of states and the Union, with little room for regional and minority claims.

Work, Production, Free Movement and Then What? Conceptions of Citizenship in European Integration, 1951-71

OLSEN, Espen D. H.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 176423 bytes; application/pdf; digital
Português
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66.21%
In this paper, the aim is to shed further light on issues of citizenship in the period between 1951 and 1971, often called the founding period of European integration. The contribution of the paper to the literature is two-fold. First, in theoretical terms it contributes by studying citizenship as a status of individuals in relation to a political unit differentiated analytically into four dimensions: Membership, identity, rights and participation. This amounts to a more dynamic approach than previous studies as it focuses on the interplay between dimensions rather than solely on rights or identity. Second, connecting these dimensions to the empirical, it contributes by highlighting those treaties, legislative measures and practices that are linked to the emergence, consolidation and/or change to the status of individuals within the system. The analysis finds that that we can fruitfully talk about a kind of citizenship in the first period of European integration. It must, however, not be overstated as anything resembling a full-blown citizenship status akin to national citizenship. European citizenship should rather be understood in its own right, as a citizenship gradually emerging from the founding treaties, judicial activism of the ECJ and free movement legislation.

A European Culture of Religious Tolerance

AUGENSTEIN, Daniel
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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66.18%
In the European integration process, the European Union continues to struggle for an identity that can generate widespread support amongst its peoples. In this context it has been suggested by some that the European Union should embrace the Christian values that underpin its national traditions and cultures. I shall argue that, instead of relying on a communitarian vision of a ‘Christian Europe’, a European identity should build on a culture of religious tolerance. A European culture of religious tolerance draws on the enduring of difference and the acknowledgement of persisting and intractable conflict as essential experiences of Europe’s Christian past. Thus understood, tolerance lies at the roots of a European identity. At the same time, and through the conditional inclusion of religious diversity in the European nation-states, a European culture of religious tolerance creates over time new commonalities between Europe’s religiously permeated national traditions. Thus understood, tolerance only brings about the conditions for the development of a genuine European identity that amounts to more than (the sum of) its national counterparts.

European Integration Without EU Membership: Models, Experiences, Perspectives

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
At the beginning of the 1990s, the concept of “European integration” could still be said to be fairly unambiguous. Nowadays, it has become plural and complex almost to the point of unintelligibility. This is due, of course, to the internal differentiation of EU membership, with several Member States pulling out of key integrative projects such as establishing an area without frontiers, the “Schengen” area, and a common currency. But this is also due to the differentiated extension of key integrative projects to European non-EU countries – Schengen is again a case in point. Such processes of “integration without membership”, the focus of the present publication, are acquiring an ever-growing topicality both in the political arena and in academia. International relations between the EU and its neighbouring countries are crucial for both, and their development through new agreements features prominently on the continent’s political agenda. Over and above this aspect, the dissemination of EU values and standards beyond the Union’s borders raises a whole host of theoretical and methodological questions, unsettling in some cases traditional conceptions of the autonomy and separation of national legal orders. This publication brings together the papers presented at the Integration without EU Membership workshop held in May 2008 at the EUI (Max Weber Programme and Department of Law). It aims to compare different models and experiences of integration between the EU...

The Origins of European Citizenship in the First Two Decades of European Integration

OLSEN, Espen D. H.
Fonte: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd Publicador: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
By tracing conceptions of citizenship in the early period of European integration until 1971, this article argues that the Maastricht Treaty was not year zero in the EU citizenship discourse. In contrast to previous research, this article contributes theoretically by studying citizenship as a status of individuals in relation to a political unit, differentiated analytically into membership, identity, rights and participation, and subsequently focuses on the interplay between them. Further, it contributes empirically by highlighting those treaties, judicial decisions, policies and practices that affected the status of individuals. The analysis finds that citizenship elements in early European integration created a frame upon which later conceptions of citizenship developed, including Union citizenship. It must, however, not be overstated as anything resembling a status akin to national citizenship. European citizenship should rather be understood as a status emerging from concrete judicial, legislative and political practices.

European integration and consensus politics in the Low Countries : observations on an under-researched relationship

BEYERS, Jan; VOLLAARD, Hans; DUMONT, Patrick
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg are well-known cases of consensus politics. Traditionally, decision-making in the Low Countries has been characterized by broad involvement, power sharing and making compromises. These countries were also founding member states of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors. However, the relationship between European integration and the tradition of domestic consensus politics remains unclear. In order to explore this relationship this paper presents the conceptual framework and a short summary of the recently published book European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries (edited by Hans Vollaard, Jan Beyers and Patrick Dumont; Routledge). The authors discuss how consensus politics would shape the impact of European integration. They also analyse whether European integration may undermine the fundamental characteristics of consensus politics in the Low Countries. Drawing on consociationalism and Europeanization research, they provide a comprehensive overview of Europeanization in the three Low Countries as well as a better understanding of the varieties of consensus politics across and within these countries. In doing this they refer to a wide range of in-depth studies on a variety of political actors such as governments...

The experience of European integration and potential for Northeast Asian integration

KIM, Sunhyuk; SCHMITTER, Philippe C.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
This article reflects on the experience of European integration in light of the ongoing process of regional integration in the Northeast Asian region. Based on the existing theories, the article summarizes twelve lessons of European integration, highlighting, for example, the importance of identifying a functional area, the convergence of interests (not an identity), the existence of strong leadership and supranational institutions, the significance of 'domestic democracy,' and the presence of hospitable external circumstances. The history and prominent current projects of regional cooperation in the Northeast Asian region are reviewed, followed by an investigation of the relevance and applicability of the lessons of European integration to Northeast Asia so as to derive a set of practical policy prescriptions for promoting regional integration in the region.

Transnational European citizenship. Tracing conceptions of citizenship in the European integration process

OLSEN, Espen D. H.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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56.36%
Defense date: 08/02/2008; Examining Board: Rainer Bauböck (EUI), Richard Bellamy (University College, London), Fritz Kratochwil (EUI) (Supervisor), Antje Wiener (Univ. Bath); This thesis asks what kind of conception(s) of citizenship that have emerged over time within the European integration process. The starting point for this research aim is a critique of the existing literature on European citizenship. Research on European citizenship has tended to fall into a sceptical strand relying on the nation-state model of citizenship (often called the no demos position) or a more visionary strand which interprets the developments of rights on the EU level as a postnational disconnection of citizenship from nationality. These normative strands have tended to translate the question of 'what should it be?' into factual statements on what citizenship in the EU actually is. This thesis has sought to overcome this through a theoretically informed, yet empirically oriented study of how conceptions of European citizenship have developed. Theoretically, the thesis eschews the typical model approach of citizenship studies. It does so by focusing on citizenship as a status of individuals constituted through four analytically distinct, yet potentially inter-related dimensions: membership...

Arabische Bibliographie zur europäischen Integration mit deutscher Übersetzung der Titel, aus den Beständen der Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen; Bibliography of Arab Writing on European Integration Including German Translation of Titles, Based on the Arabic Collections of Tübingen University Library

Hoffmann, Friedhelm
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Buch (Monographie); info:eu-repo/semantics/book
Português
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66.42%
Dies ist die ZWEITE AUFLAGE der arabischen Bibliographie zur europäischen Integration. Ihre erste Auflage erschien ebenfalls bei TOBIAS-lib unter dem Titel "Arabische Stimmen zur europäischen Integration : Arbeitsbibliographie aus den Beständen der Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen = A Key to European Integration from the Arab viewpoint : Working Bibliography Based on the Arabic Collections of Tübingen University Library". Nach dem Kenntnisstand des Autors handelt es sich um die einzige allgemeine Bibliographie des arabischen Schrifttums zur europäischen Integration seit ihren Anfängen in der Nachkriegszeit bis in die 1990er Jahre (exakt bis einschließlich 1997). Auch die europäischen Institutionen scheinen keine entsprechende Bibliographie hervorgebracht zu haben. Sollte der Autor trotz umfangreicher Recherche ähnliche Bibliographien übersehen haben, bittet er um Richtigstellung seiner verallgemeinernden Behauptung. In für die Zukunft geplanten weiteren Auflagen soll die Bibliographie bis auf die Gegenwart weitergeführt werden. Der zugrunde gelegte Begriff des 'arabischen Schrifttums' umfasst alle einschlägigen Publikationen in arabischer Sprache, inklusive der Übersetzungen westlicher Werke ins Arabische. Erfasst werden ebenfalls einschlägige Schriften arabischer Autoren in westlichen Sprachen...

Arabische Stimmen zur europäischen Integration : Arbeitsbibliographie aus den Beständen der Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen; A Key to European Integration from the Arab viewpoint : Working Bibliography Based on the Arabic Collections of Tübingen University Library

Hoffmann, Friedhelm
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Buch (Monographie); info:eu-repo/semantics/book
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.32%
Die vorliegende Arbeitsbibliographie eröffnet einen Einstieg ins arabische Schrifttum zur europäischen Integration, wie er in dieser Breite bisher nicht annähernd zur Verfügung stand. Die bisherigen Versuche, arabische Stimmen zur europäischen Integration bibliographisch zu erfassen, beschränkten sich weitgehend auf den Euro-Arabischen Dialog bzw. die Euro-Mediterrane Partnerschaft. Der hier zugrunde gelegte Begriff des 'arabischen Schrifttums' umfasst, alle einschlägigen Publikationen in arabischer Sprache, auch Übersetzungen westlicher Werke ins Arabische, insofern sie durch die sprachliche Zugänglichkeit zur Meinungsbildung in den arabischen Öffentlichkeiten beitragen. Erfasst werden ebenfalls Schriften arabischer Autoren in westlichen Sprachen sowie reine Fundstellen in arabischen Texten, in denen nur an einzelnen Stellen auf die europäische Integration und ihre Institutionen eingegangen wird. Eine der Hauptquellen stellen Artikel aus arabischen politik- und rechtswissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften dar. Auch der Integrationsbegriff wurde bewusst weit gewählt, sodass er nicht nur die Institutionen der EG/EU umfasst, sondern auch andere institutionelle Integrationsbeiträge, wie Europarat, OECD, WEU etc. Aus Gründen der Praktikabilität wurden nur die Bestände der Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen berücksichtigt...

European Integration and Income Convergence : Lessons for Central and Eastern European Countries

Martin, Carmela; Velazquez, Francisco J.; Funck, Bernard
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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The prospect of enlarging the European Union (EU) to Central and Eastern European countries with income levels far below those of present members, questions how, and when the candidates' aspiration to converge towards EU standards of living, could possibly by fulfilled. To address these questions, this paper seeks to assess of the convergence experience of the four less developed EU members, i.e., Spain, Portugal, Ireland, and Greece, after joining the EU, and, to explore what lessons can be learned from that experience. The discussion suggests that, while theoretically possible, there is little empirical reason to fear that European integration would cause economies to diverge. Rather than being spontaneous, however, real convergence would seem to depend crucially, on the capacity of countries to tap international technological spillovers, particularly through foreign direct investment. Macroeconomic stability, effective competition on goods, and factor markets, and, a good human capital endowment are essential to harness benefits. Nonetheless...

Perspectivas da integração europeia; Perspectives of the European Integration

Casella, Paulo Borba
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
A integração europeia, apesar de problemas pontuais, é importante demais para ser negligenciada, pela prática relevante que trouxe para o continente europeu, superando séculos de guerra e conflitos, e também pelas mudanças na teoria e nas concepções acadêmicas a respeito do direito; nesta experiência europeia de integração se combinam a realidade de processo coerente e a recorrência de mitos duradouros, e todos esses aspectos somente podem ser compreendidos mediante contextualização histórica.; Notwithstanding some incidental problems, European integration is far too to important be neglected, both for the relevant practice it brought to the European continent, overcoming centuries of war and conflicts, and also for the changes in legal theory and concepts about law; in the European integration experience the reality of a consistent process and the recurrence of enduring myths are combined, and all these aspects can only be understood if placed in their historical context.

Portugal and European Integration, 1947-1992: an essay on protected openness in the European Periphery

Coppolaro,Lucia; Lains,Pedro
Fonte: Universidade do Porto; Brown University Publicador: Universidade do Porto; Brown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
This article analyzes Portugal’s path to European integration by describing the economic policy of the country from 1947 onward; it argues that this policy of state intervention and commercial openness followed the same patterns as those found in other Western European countries even before the revolution of 1974 and accession to the EEC. A backward and dictatorial country emulated the economic policy of democratic and developed countries so that, when it joined the EEC, most trade barriers had already been dismantled. Portugal’s experience sheds light on European integration outside the core group of industrialized European countries and beyond the EEC/EU experience.