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Europäisierung der Auswärtigen Kulturpolitik Deutschlands? Eine Analyse der deutschen Auswärtigen Kulturpolitik unter Einfluss der EU-Kulturpolitik.; Europeanisation of Germanys Cultural Diplomacy?An Analysis of Germanys Cultural Diplomacy under influence of the European Cultural Diplomacy.

Brückner, Claudia
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Masterarbeit
Português
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38.05%
Ausgehend von dem theoretischen Konzept der Europäisierung, das nach Auswirkungen des europäischen Integrationsprozesses auf die EU-Mitgliedstaaten fragt, untersucht die Arbeit, ob eine solche Rückwirkung auch für die Auswärtige Kulturpolitik des EU-Mitglieds Deutschland festgestellt werden kann. Vor dem Hintergrund der zunehmenden Aktivitäten der Europäischen Union (EU) im Bereich der Kulturpolitik wird gefragt, inwiefern die EU-Kulturpolitik einen Einfluss auf die deutsche Auswärtigen Kulturpolitik ausübt (dh. wie sich die deutsche AKP zu den Zielen der EU-Kulturpolitik stellt und inwieweit sich ihre Ziele und Instrumente in Folge der EU-Kulturpolitik verändern) und ob man in diesem Zusammenhang von einer „Europäisierung“ der deutschen Auswärtigen Kulturpolitik (AKP) sprechen kann. Nach einer kurzen Darlegung des theoretischen Konzepts der Europäisierung und des methodischen Vorgehens der Arbeit, werden die beiden Politikfelder – die Europäische Kulturpolitik und die Auswärtige Kulturpolitik Deutschlands – dargestellt. Dabei werden zuerst die umfangreichen Ziele der EU-Kulturpolitik beschrieben. Diese zielt einerseits nach innen, in der Hoffnung, dass auf dem Wege der Kultur eine gemeinsame „europäische Identität“ der europäischen BürgerInnen ausgebildet und dadurch ein weiteres Fortschreiten der europäischen Integration ermöglicht wird. Andererseits zielt die EU-Kulturpolitik nach außen...

Europa im parlamentarischen Alltag: Die Europäisierung der Bundestagsfraktion Bündnis 90/Die Grünen; Europe in parliamentary life: Europeanisation of the Green parliamentary group (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen)

Eisele, Celia
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Português
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Die europäische Integration führt zu erheblichen Veränderungen innerhalb der politischen Systeme der Mitgliedsstaaten, die unter dem Schlagwort „Europäisierung“ intensiv erforscht werden. Die folgende Arbeit nimmt am Beispiel der Fraktion Bündnis 90/Die Grünen im Deutschen Bundestag eine Akteurskategorie in den Blick, die dabei trotz ihrer Relevanz für die Europäisierung der nationalen Parlamente bislang unbeachtet geblieben ist. Es wird ein institutionalistischer Theorieansatz entwickelt, um die Europäisierung der Fraktion in vier Dimensionen zu untersuchen: die Bildung fachlicher Expertise, die Etablierung von Informationskanälen, die interne Koordinierung der Europapolitik sowie mögliche Versuche, politischen Einfluss direkt auf der EU-Ebene geltend zu machen. Die empirische Analyse beruht auf der Befragung von 13 Mitgliedern und Mitarbeitern der Bundestagsfraktion sowie der Europagruppe im Europäischen Parlament. Die Studie liefert einen Erkenntnisgewinn in empirischer wie in theoretisch-konzeptioneller Hinsicht: Mit der empirischen Untersuchung trägt sie zu einem umfassenderen Verständnis der Europäisierung des Bundestages bei. Mit der Erarbeitung und Prüfung eines fraktionenspezifischen Theorieansatzes wird die Reichweite der Europäisierungsforschung auch im theoretischen Sinne ergänzt.; European integration has led to considerable changes within the political systems of the member states. This phenomenon is known as “Europeanisation” and has been subject to intensive research. The following study of the Green parliamentary group (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) in the German Bundestag exemplifies the Europeanisation of a category of actors that has so far remained unstudied in spite of its relevance for the Europeanisation of national parliaments in general. An institutionalist approach is developed to explore four dimensions of the parliamentary group’s Europeanisation: the formation of specialist expertise...

Soft Europeanisation? How the Soft Pressure from Above Affects the Bottom (Differently): The Belgian, Spanish and Swedish Experiences

LÓPEZ-SANTANA, Mariely
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: 319439 bytes; application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The aim of this paper is to capture and explain the differential influences of non-binding agreements (i.e., soft law) launched by the European Union. More specifically, this piece proposes a theoretical framework to understand why and how the European Employment Strategy has affected domestic settings in Belgium, Spain, and Sweden in similar and different ways. To answer this question, I develop a theoretical toolbox to guide researchers who study and analyze policy areas ruled by non-binding agreements. More specifically, to develop my arguments, I focus on four types of internalization: 1) legal, 2) political, 3) intra-governmental, and 4) governmental-societal. The paper seeks to contribute to the literatures on Europeanisation and ‘second image reversed’ by developing theoretical propositions about the domestic factors that facilitate and hinder the internalization of supranational non-binding regulations on EU Member States. In addition, the paper seeks to make a contribution to the literature on welfare states in advanced industrial states as I argue that contemporary accounts of European welfare state reform ought to consider the articulation of rules outside the realm of nation-states, specifically those launched by the supranational level...

Europeanisation in new member and candidate states

SEDELMEIER, Ulrich
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The Europeanisation of candidate countries and new members is a rather recent and still comparatively small, but - particularly since 2003 – a fast-growing research area. Research in this area has developed primarily in the context of the EU’s eastern enlargement. More recently, a small number of theoretically informed, book-length studies of the EU’s influence on the East Central European candidate countries have established the Europeanisation of applicant states as a distinctive research area. These studies fit within a common conceptual framework, which draws on the debate between rationalist and constructivist institutionalist theories in International Relations and Comparative Politics. This framework makes these studies highly compatible with analyses of the Europeanisation of member states, with which they share one key empirical finding, namely that the impact of the EU on candidate countries is differential across countries and issue areas. On the other hand, the theoretical implications of these findings appear more clear-cut than in the case of the Europeanisation of member states: rationalist institutionalism, with its focus on the external incentives underpinning EU conditionality, and on the material costs incurred by domestic veto players...

Unitas in diversitate? On legal cultures and the Europeanisation of law

HENDRY, Jennifer
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.05%
This thesis argues for a sociologically observable equilibrium between the competing forces of legal unity and legal diversity within the European Union (EU) in order to conceptualise the contested process of the Europeanisation of law as a contingent, reciprocal one that has no endpoint in either uniformity or discontinuity. The main point of departure is the concept of legal culture, which provides for an institutionally-bounded and territorially-delimited jurisdiction with a unique socio-historical context. Member State legal cultures, within the overarching EU legal space, are conceptualised as a segmentary form of legal system-internal differentiation on the basis of territory, whereby communications originating in and pertaining to a particular Member State are conditioned in terms of the legal-cultural context of that Member State. This thesis argues that this "fragmentation" is a force of diversity within the Europeanisation process, which operates against a unifying force, understood here to be a similarly legal-system internal differentiation on the basis of areas of law and their related epistemic communities. This thesis advances the argument that, instead of viewing the existence of legal diversity within the EU as being essentially problematic for the process of Europeanisation of law...

Does Europeanisation Weaken the Left? Changing coalitions and veto power in Swiss decision-making processes

AFONSO, Alexandre; FONTANA, Marie-Christine; PAPADOPOULOS, Yannis
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.47%
This article analyses how Europeanisation affects the power resources of social democratic forces in Switzerland. Whereas political economy arguments would assume that processes of internationalisation invariably weaken social democratic parties and trade unions, we argue that they can also empower them in certain circumstances. Detailed case studies of decision-making processes in Switzerland show that Europeanisation does not coincide with a weaker position of social democrats. On the contrary, they are stronger in Europeanised issues because they can take advantage of increased conflicts within right-wing political forces, be it among political elites or between the elites and their electoral base.

The Europeanisation of Refugee Policies: Between human rights and internal security

LAVENEX, Sandra
Fonte: Aldershot/Burlington, Ashgate Publicador: Aldershot/Burlington, Ashgate
Tipo: Livro
Português
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From the beginnings of intergovernmental co-operation in the 1980s to the Amsterdam Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the developing EU refugee policies have oscillated between the conflicting policy frames of internal security on the one hand and human rights on the other. Taking a multilevel perspective on the process of Europeanisation, this work highlights the entanglement between domestic as In m reforms in Germany and France and European co-operation and investigates the scope for a common refugee policy in the EU. Enlightening and innovative, this much-needed analysis of the Europeanisat ion of asylum policies is essential reading for scholars of European integration. asylum and refugee policy, and all those interested in the prospect of political unification in Europe.; --Introduction 1 --1 Refugees, the State, and European Integration 7 --Defining Refugees: Between Human Rights and State Sovereignty 8 --Two Views on Refugees 10 --European Integration and Refugees 16 --Conclusion 24 --2 Post-World War II Refugee Regimes 27 --The International Refugee Regime 28 --The German Refugee Regime 35 --The French Refugee Regime 50 --Conclusion 64 --3 The Communitarisation of Refugee Policies 74 --Prologue: Activities of the Council of Europe 76 --"First Generation" Cooperation Among EU Member States 83 --"Second Generation" Cooperation: Towards a "European" --Refugee Policy? 105 --The Amsterdam Treaty: a Comprehensive Reform? 126 --Conclusion 137 --The Europeanisation of Refugee Policies in Germany and France 148 --Policy Discourses and Europeanisation 150 --The Implementation of European Provisions 167 --The Scope of Europeanisation 178 --Conclusion 191 --Conclusion 200; (Published version of EUI PhD thesis...

Fortress Europe or Europe of rights? : the Europeanisation of family migration policies in France, Germany and the Netherlands

BLOCK, Laura; BONJOUR, Saskia
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Are the restrictive reforms of family migration policy recently implemented in France, Germany and the Netherlands a result of the introduction of the Family Reunification Directive in 2003? Most existing literature on the Europeanisation of migration policies suggests that restriction-minded national governments shift decision-making to the EU level to escape domestic political and judicial constraints. However, as the Treaties of Amsterdam and Lisbon have empowered the Commission and Court to constrain restrictive reform, this perspective is losing analytical validity. Also, this perspective fails to capture the intensifying processes of policy transfer among Member States, which have inadequately been labelled ‘horizontal’ Europeanisation. We therefore propose a new, actor-centred analytical framework of Europeanisation. We show that contrasting yet parallel dynamics of Europeanisation may emanate from a single legislative instrument and may constrain and empower national governments at the same time.

The unbearable lightness of Europeanisation : extradition policies and the erosion of sovereignty in the post-Yugoslav states

DZANKIC, Jelena
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.66%
This research analyses the effect of Europeanisation on sovereignty in the post-Yugoslav states by examining the evolution of the different states’ policies related to extradition of their own nationals. Extradition is an important aspect of these countries’ political transformation, because the rule of law and regional co-operation are enshrined in the set of conditions these countries have to meet to enter the European Union (EU). The research thus looks at how the different post-Yugoslav states approach the extradition of their own nationals, and whether they have altered them in view of the requirements of the accession process. By doing so, this paper looks at the dynamics between the duty of the state to protect its citizens and the transformative power of Europeanisation in the Western Balkans.

The unbearable lightness of Europeanisation : extradition policies and the erosion of sovereignty in the post-Yugoslav states

DZANKIC, Jelena
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.47%
Published online: 09 July 2015; This research analyses the effect of Europeanisation on sovereignty in the post-Yugoslav states by examining the evolution of the different states’ policies related to extradition of their own nationals. Extradition is an important aspect of these countries’ political transformation, because the rule of law and regional co-operation are enshrined in the set of conditions these countries have to meet to enter the European Union. The research thus looks at how the different post-Yugoslav states approach the extradition of their own nationals, and whether they have altered them in view of the requirements of the accession process. By doing so, this paper looks at the dynamics between the duty of the state to protect its citizens and the transformative power of Europeanisation in the Western Balkans.

Introduction : the governance of citizenship practices in the post-Yugoslav states : the impact of Europeanisation

DZANKIC, Jelena; KACARSKA, Simonida; PANTIC, Natasa; SHAW, Jo
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Published online: 09 July 2015; This Introduction explains the origins of the project of exploring citizenship and citizenship-related issues in the framework of Europeanisation in the new states in South East Europe. It defines the terminology used in the contributions and explains the conceptual underpinnings of the project and the structure of the edited collection. Finally, these introductory remarks also give an overview of the contributions to the special issue of Perspectives on European Politics and Societies entitled, 'The governance of citizenship practices in the post-Yugoslav states: The impact of Europeanisation.'

Legal Integration in the EU: the unitas in diversitate Conundrum and the Importance of Considering Culture

HENDRY, Jennifer
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.47%
An obvious downside of any slogan or motto is that it is necessarily a simplified version of what it attempts to convey. Thus while they may provide a handy hook, the very 'catchiness' and accessibility of mottoes often serve to disguise the complexity of the concept(s) at their heart. This paper submits that the European Union watchword of unitas in diversitate, or 'united in diversity', suffers from this problem, in particular in terms of its utilisation in Europeanisation debates involving law and legal culture. The aim of this paper is to present the argument that the optimal way of conceptualising 'unity in diversity' in the European Union is as an expression of unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation, and this will be done in two sections. This paper will firstly analyse the concepts of 'unity' and 'diversity' and then their juxtaposition, while the second section will look to considerations of culture in order to determine whether it can be seen as either a positive or negative factor in the process of the Europeanisation of law. In doing so it will present two alternative dichotomies of the concept, namely: culture as grounds for unity or grounds for diversity, and culture as instrumentalist or contextualist

The Europeanisation of Remedies and Procedures through Judge-made Law: Can a Trojan Horse achieve Effectiveness? Experiences of the Swedish Judiciary

ENGSTROEM, Johanna
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.66%
Defense date: 28/09/2009; Examining Board: Profs. Ulf Bernitz (External Co-Supervisor, University of Stockholm), Gráinne de Burca (Supervisor, former EUI and Fordham University), Bruno De Witte (EUI), Walter van Gerven (University of Leuven); Author was awarded the European Public Law Group's special distinction 2010 for her PhD thesis.; Through the judge-made requirements developed in its case-law, the Court of Justice has laid down obligations on national courts to provide effective judicial protection for individuals that seek to enforce Community law claims. This thesis will study the Europeanisation of national remedies and procedures that comes about in this process. I will carry out the analysis in two stages. In the first stage, I will look from a European perspective at the principle of effective judicial protection, which I will view as a Trojan horse containing the judge-made requirements, and establish what is understood by effective judicial protection. I will seek to identify more precise obligations incumbent on national courts in relation to different remedies and procedural rules. Moreover, I will seek to establish the rationale of the Court's intervention into national procedural autonomy. In particular, I will consider if the rationale is a concern to protect individual rights or whether the language of 'rights' is rather used as a legitimizing pretext for enhancing the general effectiveness of Community law and for harmonising remedies and procedures. In a second stage...

Book review: The Europeanisation of contested statehood: the EU in Northern Cyprus by George Kyris

Christofis, Nikos
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2015 Português
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The Europeanisation of Contested Statehood: The EU in Northern Cyprus is a timely contribution to existing literature on Cyprus, European Studies and Europeanisation. Nikos Christofis argues that George Kyris provides a formative study of the impact and influence of the EU on northern Cyprus for researchers, specialists and nonspecialists alike, and a valuable insight into the ‘Cyprus Problem’ that crucially places northern Cyprus and Turkish Cypriots at the heart of the analysis.

The Europeanisation – or the erosion – of industrial relations?

Hyman, Richard
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.47%
This article considers the impact of European integration on industrial relations. An industrial relations regime can be understood as a tension between employment structured by market dynamics and broader social regulation, between the principles of contract and status. Economic Europeanisation threatens this relationship. Its survival may depend on new forms of supranational regulation, but not necessarily as the ‘social dimension’ of Europeanisation is customarily conceived.

Europeanisation and 'internalised' conflicts: the case of Cyprus

Kyris, George
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2014 Português
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This article investigates the role of the EU in conflict resolution, taking Cyprus as a case of an 'internalised' conflict, whereby a side of the dispute has become a member state (Greek-Cypriots), while the rest of actors (Turkey, Turkish Cypriots) remain outside but are still developing relations to the EU. In exploring the impact of the EU on Greek Cypriot, Turkish Cypriot and Turkish policies towards the dispute, this work engages with the Europeanisation debate. The argument advanced is that internalisation of the conflict limits the ability of the EU to act in the dispute and triggers inflexible policies, which are counterproductive to resolution. This work contributes to the Europeanisation discussion and the impact of the EU on domestic policies, especially in conflict situations. With a series of conflicts in the European periphery but also disputes within the EU (e.g. separatists tensions), this is an important contribution to the understudied topic of 'internalised conflicts'.

Between enlargement-led Europeanisation and Balkan exceptionalism: an appraisal of Bulgaria’s and Romania’s entry into the European Union

Papadimitriou, Dimitris; Gativa, Eli
Fonte: The Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /04/2009 Português
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27.47%
The accession of Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union (EU) in 2007 offers significant theoretical and empirical insights into the way in which the EU has deployed and realised its enlargement strategy/strategies over the past 15 years. Borrowing from the literature on enlargement-led Europeanisation and EU conditionality, this article discusses how the EU has sought to influence domestic reform in the two countries through a mix of threats and rewards. What emerges from Bulgaria’s and Romania’s trajectory towards EU membership is the evolutionary and contested nature of EU conditionality as well as the considerable EU discretion in the manner of its implementation. In that sense Bulgaria and Romania, as ‘outliers’ of the 2004-7 EU enlargement, offer us critical tests of the enlargement-led Europeanisation thesis. Thus, their study provides useful conceptual insights into the transformative power of the EU in Eastern Europe and highlights important policy legacies affecting the current EU enlargement strategy in the Western Balkans and Turkey.

Governing the shipyards: Europeanisation and the German shipbuilding industry.

Seevaratnam, Vijayakala
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.79%
This thesis examines processes of Europeanisation in the German shipbuilding industry between 1980 and 2002. In particular, it analyses the impact of European Union (EU) shipbuilding policy on German shipbuilding policy and German public and private actors. The thesis argues that the specific salient features of the shipbuilding industry are decisive in explaining what drives Europeanisation in the German shipbuilding industry in terms of the response of private actors. Their reaction to EU policy is inextricably linked to that of the public actors. Accordingly, the thesis highlights the interactive nature of the Europeanisation processes with which domestic public and private actors are involved. Thus, it argues that the analysis of 'EU action' and 'German reaction' in the field of shipbuilding needs to consider the impact of German public actors' responses to EU shipbuilding policy on those of domestic private actors, and vice versa. The response of German public actors - the Federal and Land governments - is analysed in terms of German shipbuilding policy content and institutional developments. German shipbuilding policy is shown to meet and exceed EU shipbuilding policy requirements. The impact of EU shipbuilding policy on private actors - German shipbuilding firms and the German shipbuilding association - is explored in terms of their interest representation activities and the shipbuilding projects for which they seek state support. German shipbuilding firms look increasingly to the EU as the channel through which to air their concerns and further their interests. Such a response is based on the realisation that the EU is able to secure benefits that the domestic governments cannot provide. Empirical analysis also shows that German shipbuilding firms have engaged in shipbuilding projects of the type encouraged by EU policy. This thesis suggests that Europeanisation processes are contingent and differentiated and due attention should be paid to various sets of domestic actors.

The Europeanisation of national foreign policy: Portuguese foreign policy towards Angola and Mozambique, 1978-2010

Raimundo, Antonio Joaquim
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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After its transition to democracy and decolonisation in the mid-1970s, Portugal’s main external focus shifted from Africa and the Atlantic to Europe. However, past priorities continued to occupy an important place in its foreign policy. This thesis assesses the impact of European Union (EU) membership on Portuguese foreign policy by focusing on relations with Angola and Mozambique, the two largest former colonies of Portugal in sub-Saharan Africa. The thesis uses the concept of “Europeanisation”, comprising three relevant dimensions for examining possible changes in the foreign policy of an EU member state: national adaptation (a “top-down” process), national projection (“bottom-up”), and identity formation (socialisation process). In order to better control for the influence of other variables (beyond the EU) on Portuguese policy, the concept of Europeanisation is framed within a foreign policy analysis approach. The study focuses on the period between 1978 and 2010, and covers three policy areas: external trade, development aid and political-diplomatic issues. The application of this analytical framework produced significant evidence of Europeanisation, both in its dimension of national adaptation and...

The Europeanisation of national budgeting in the United Kingdom and France: A study of governmental processes.

Albert-Roulhac, Catherine
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.79%
European Union membership affects budgetary practices in Britain and France much more than the conventional literature acknowledges. Budgetary Europeanisation, defined as the process of adaptation of budgetary processes to EU pressures, involves not merely the compliance of budgetary aggregates to EU guidelines but mainly changes in bureaucratic practices, methods and strategies. Budgetary institutions have become hybrid because of the growing entanglement of national and EU budgetary procedures; therefore the conventional national approach to budgeting is outdated. The impact on budgeting is greater on spending than on taxing because unanimous voting safeguards national governments' sovereignty on taxation. The thesis isolates various pressures which contribute to budgetary Europeanisation (competition, substitution, regulation, lobbying and demand by Member States). It explains strategic differences between Britain and France. The Euro-PES mechanism and the Fontainebleau agreement in the UK explain the non-maximisation strategy of British administration, which contrasts to the French, based on the "principe de constance" and sectoral rates-of-return. The thesis compares the processes of adaptation of bureaucratic mechanisms to the consequences of EU membership in different policy domains (Agriculture...